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October 16, 1942 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-10-16

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Weather
Little Change

VOL. LIII No. 11 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCT. 16, 1942

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Huge United Nations War Rally

Tonight At 8

All

College

* * *

* * *

Students

May

* *

* * *

Be

Deferred

Two Hours Every Two Weeks?
Questions On ManpowerAnswered

By ROBERT MANTHO
The precedent-shattering move
to harness student manpower and
channel it into Uncle Sam's war
effort will continue today as booths
remain open on campus for the
registration of all males who have
even the barest of spare time to
give to the Manpower Mobilization
Corps.
Very noticeable in yesterday's
registration, boss Mary Borman re-
ported last night, was the confusion
of some students who we'e ap-
proached to volunteer their ser-
vices.
A few students didn't know ex-
actly what the Manpower Mobili-.
zation was. Some thought that yes-
terday's registration was something
like a draft, that it would take all

their time and they couldn't get
any studying done.
What kind of outfit are we get-
ting into? What sort of work would
we have to do? Will we get paid?
Questions like these showed their
confusion.
Here are the answers, in the hope
that everything will clear up and
the students will realize just how
simple the whole procedure really
is:
1. The Manpower Mobilization
Corps was set up as a clearing
house for all student war-time la-
bor. Students volunteering will help
out wherever they are needed
around the city area. Their names
are then sent to Mary Borman, to-
gether with the days and hours
they can spare. Through Borman,.

students are immediately put on
jobs that are essential to the war
effort.
2. The registration is NOT a
draft, it's purely voluntary. IF
YOU HAVE ONLY TWO HOURS
EVERY TWO WEEKS TO SPARE,
SIGN UP. Your little bit counts. If
you have every afternoon in the
week to spare, sign up. You'll help
a lot.
3. ALL FARM LABOR WILL RE-
CEIVE PAY, ANYTHING ELSE IS
VOLUNTARY-YOUR PART TO
HELP WIN THIS WAR.
4. THE KIND OF WORK EX-
PECTED OF STUDENTS WHO
VOLUNTEER IS CHIEFLY MAN-
UAL LABOR. Farmers near Ann
Arbor are critically short of help
and their harvests have to be gath-

ered to provide food for U.S. sol-
diers. Students are needed to pick
apples, to top sugar beets and to
pick corn.
For example, 20 students will be
transported to a Milan farm tomor-
row morning. They will help out by
topping sugar beets. They will be
paid the regular wage rate for that
type of work.
Students will be used for fuel and
gas rationing registration, for col-
lecting old clothes! and fats. They
will be used to drive trucks for the
University hospital.
Mr. Pardon of the Building and
Grounds department can use all
the help he can get for salvage work
and scrap collection. And that's
another important job for students.
to do.I

Nazis Launch
New Attack
At Stallngrad
German Force Has Pushed
Soviets Back Slightly
With SavageOnslaught
Troops Supported
By T kanks, Planes
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Friday, Oct. 16. - The
Germans, in a new offensive spurt,
hurled two infantry divisions sup-
ported by 100 tanks and huge air for-
mations against northwestern Stalin-
grad yesterday, and "succeeded in
slightly pressing back our troops," the
Russians announced early today on
the 53rd day of siege.
This German gain, made in a race
with approaching winter, cost the en-
emy 1,500 dead and about 45 of their
tanks, the' midnight communique
said.
South of the besieged Volga River
city the Russians said another 300
Germans were slain, and five guns
and six blockhouses and two muni-
tions dumps were destroyed by one
Red Army unit. The Nazi blockhouse]
garrisons either were killed or cap-
tured, the communique added.
Above the city where the Red Army
has driven wedges into the Nazi flank
extending from the Don River to
Stalingrad, the communique reported
only indecisive fighting of local im-
portance. The Russians there were
still attacking, however, and using
their artillery to disperse German
concentrations. One Nazi infantry
company was said to have been wiped
out and three enemy planes downed.
In the mid-Caucasian area of Moz-
dok the Soviet bulletin said the Red
Army fought off three successive Nazi
attacks, burning or disabling 19 Ger-
man tanks and killing approximately
two companies of enemy infantry.
The Russians in this area also were
reported to have broken into a series
of Nazi trenches where several scores
of Germans were killed.
Second Front
"MustWait -
Rickenbacker
WASHINGTON, Oct. 15.- ()-
Captain E. V. "Eddie" Rickenbacker
brought back today from an official
survey trip to England the conclusion
that a second land front in Europe
must await decisive success for the
British-American air offensive.
Already aerial superiority is "defin-
itely on the Allies' side" and "the
trend is entirely in our favor," the
First World War air ace reported to
Secretary Stimson. But he added:

Japs Renewing Assaults
On GuadalcanalA irpori
Enemy Bombers Blast American-Held Strongholds
As Furious Conflict In Solomons Rages On

By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON, Oct. 15- Japan-
ese bombers have struck anew at the
Guadalcanal airfield held by Amer-'
ican forces in the Solomon Islands,
the Navy announced tonight, as a
great struggle for domination of
much of the Southwest Pacific Ocean
raged on.
The latest air attack was disclosed
in a communique which added but a
few sparse details to what had al-
ready been told of the crucial aero-
amphibious conflict in a communique
earlier in the day.
It was stated that enemy naval for-
ces were still operating, at last re-
ports, in the vicinity of Savo Island,
which guards the approaches to the
Japanese-held northern section of
Guadalcanal, and there was no men-
Small Business
To Close, Says
Gen. Somervell
WASHINGTON, Oct. 15.- (IP)- In
an angry clash with the chairman of
the Senate Small Business Commit-
tee, Lieut. Gen. Brehon Somervell,
Army Chief of Supply, declared today
that hundreds of small industrial
plants "will have to close and you can
put that down as a fact."
The army simply cannot fit them
into its production program, Somer-
vell told Chairman Murray (D-Mont.)
who had hotly accused the general of
failing to utilize small business fully.
Murray said Somervell'sstatements
that small plants would be utilized
to the fullest possible extent were
mere "pious protestations."
"We intend to see to it," the Sena-
tor said, "that our soldiers are not
slaughtered merely because certain
high procurement officials fail to un-
derstand how the resources of this
country should be mobilized for the
supreme effort."
General Somervell told the com-
mittee "all the small factories in the
country couldn't turn out one day's
ammunition for Allied troops," and
that production schedules must not
be interrupted to permit full utiliza-
tion of such plants.

tion of any action involving either
American air or surface forces.
The Japanese armada had been
disclosed earlier to include battle-
ships. This was the first time the en-
emy has risked his capital vessels in
the vicinity of Guadalcanal and the,
fact emphasized his grim determina-
tion to regain control of the island
and smash the American offensive in
the Southwest Pacific at virtually any
cost.
Outcome In Balance
While the outcome of the struggle
still hung in the balance, the Navy
added these details of information in
tonight's communique:
Twenty-seven enemy bombers blas-
ted the Guadalcanal airfield shortly
after noon on October 15, Guadal-
canal time. Results of this raid were
not announced.
On% the night of October 14-15,
American positions on Espiritu Santo
Island, site of an air base, in the New
Hebrides, were shelled by an enemy
ship believed to be a submarine. Es-
piritu Santo is 450 miles southeast of
Guadalcanal, and the action had the
appearance of a diversionary move
by the Japanese.
Japs Hit Again
A mid - day navy communique,
which gave the most complete ac-
count yet of the action, described the
enemy's forces and told of new blows
dealt the Japanese in preliminary
phases of the fighting. It listed seven
Japanese ships, including a battle-
ship, as having been damaged in the
last four days, and reported the cer-
tain destruction of 23 enemy planes,
with ten more either destroyed or
damaged.
On the other hand, the enemy was
reported to have been successful in
bombing the vital American airfield
and the previously announced bom-
bardment of the field and its defenses
by Japanese surface ships last Tues-
day night was described as "heavy."
Loss of two United States fighter
planes was also announced.
But there were no indications of
how the aero-amphibious battle was
going, or whether either side had
gained any advantage which would
give it an edge on victory.
The pattern of the initial Japanese
assault became clear from the com-
munique's account of the actions
leading up to the furious engagement.

Axis Receives
Heavy Losses
In Air Battle
94 Enemy Craft Downed
In Furious Malta Raid
As'FightingContinues
CAIRO, Oct. 15.- (")- Axis air
losses over Malta increased to 94 since
Sunday with the destruction of 13
more enemy craft over the rocky is-
land fortress this morning as the
Germans and Italians strove mightily
to reinforce and supply their stalled
army in Egypt.
The toll for today probably will
rise when afternoon and night results
are added to the three bombers and
eight fighters already brought down.
The preliminary account from Val-
letta included only.the morning fight-
ing.
Malta has. undergone more than
3,000 air raids since Italy entered the
war, and has accounted for more
than 1,000 planes.
The intensified air siege was in its
fifth day after the British had shot
down 23 Axis planes during four en-
emy swoops on Malta Wednesday,
losing only five Spitfires from which
three pilots were saved.
Heavy United States bombers in
daylight Wednesday again -attacked
Tobruk-chief Axis supply base and
destination of Axis convoys. A large
merchant ship was hit directly by two
bombs, and a nearby lighter was de-
troyed.
German reports that Marshal Er-
win Rommel had returned to the
front lines in Egypt in the Alamein
sector 80 miles west of Alexandria
were seen as connected with the in-
tensification of Axis efforts to build
up his striking force.
The battlefront remained quiet
while the quartermasters of both
sides feverishly built their armies for
what is expected to be the most with-
ering campaign of the desert.
Punish Hess
Immediately,
Says Russia
MOSCOW, Oct. 15.-()-The So-
viet government came out bluntly to-
day for immediate trial and punish-
ment "with all the severity of crimi-
nal law" of any German ringleader
already imprisoned by the Allies, and
specifically named Rudolf Hess, a
captive in Britain, as one of the "or-
ganizers of German atrocities" who
should pay now for his misdeeds.
The announcement was made in
the form of a communique widely cir-
culated by the Tass Agency, contain-
ing the reply of Soviet Foreign Com-
missar Molotov to a 10-months-old
communication from a number of
European governments-in-exile.
It suggested a sharp departure from
the plans of the British and United

Experiences To Be Tod
'By Lieut. Pavlichenko

House Bill
Sets Draft
Age At 18
Bill To Defer Induction
Of Youths In School,
College UntilJuly, 1943
Measure To Aim
At Quota Revision
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct. 15.- The
House Military Committee unani-
mously approved a bill making 18 and
19-year-olds subject to the draft to-
day, after adding new safeguards in-
tended generally to prevent the in-
duction of married men while single
men are available for army service.
The Senate Military Committee
planned meanwhile to report a sim-
ilar measure tomorrow. Overnight it
asked the War Department for confi-
dential information on how it intends
to use an army of 7,500,000 men. That
figure has been made the goal for
1943.
In addition to reducing the draft
age from 20 to 18, the measure en-
deavored to settle a controversy
over the interrupted educations of
the youths to be called. The bill
provides that a high school or col-
lege student called for induction
shall be deferred until the end of
the present academic year. After
July 1, 1943, no educational defer-
ments are to be granted.
Additional security for married
men was provided by an amendment
proposed by Rep. Kilday (D-Tex..
As things now stand, each draft
board receives its monthly quota. This.
must be filled, regardless. If there is
an insufficient number of unmarried
eligibles to make up the quota, the
practice has been to fill it out with
married men.
Quotas Made Statements
Under Kilday's amendment, the
quotas would be made statewide, in-
stead of applicable to one town or one
section of a city. Thus a draft board
may not order the induction of a
married man, if elsewhere in the
state there are eligible single men.
Similarly, it may not send a married
man with children into the service,
while elsewhere in the state there are
eligible childless married men.
In this connection, Major General
Lewis B. Hershey, the chief of the
Selective Service said in the course
of the hearings, that with the passage
of the pending bill the induction of
married men with children was not
contemplated before 1944.
The House committee adopted
two additional amendments:
The first, suggested by Robert P.
Patterson, the Undersecretary of
War, modified a provision of pres-
ent law saying that if a person
under 21 enlists in the army with-
out consent of his parents he must
be released if the parents so re-
quest. The committee changed the
age limit in this provision to 18.
The second, by Rep. Durham (D-
N. C.) specified that no prospective
inductee should be rejected because
of his conviction for an offense not a
felony at common law. It was ex-
plained that convictions under the old
Prohibition amendment had caused a
number of such rejections, and that
Durham's amendment would give
such men no further immunity from
army service.
In voting to report the Wadsworth
Bill, the Committee turned down a
measure by its Chairman Rep. May
(D-Ky.). The May bill was similar in

most respects but forbade the army
Turn To Page 6, Column 4
NOTICES
All second semester freshmen
and sophomores interested in try-
ing out for the Michigan Union
staff are asked to sign up today
from 3 p. m. to 5 p. m. in the Union
Student Offices.

Lieut. Liudmila Pavlichenko of the
Red Army, the woman sharpshooter
who brought down 309 Nazis, will tell
her experiences of battle at a huge
United Nations war rally at 8 p. m.
today in Hill Auditorium.
The Nazis-she calls them "beasts
of prey"-feared the brown-haired,
brown-eyed student turned soldier
who hunted down their advance men
with resourceful relentlessness.
For days they bombarded her with
special pleas via loudspeaker to come
over to their side, to get "all the choc-
All basic and advanced corps
ROTC students planning to attend
the War Rally will form at 7:30
p. m. today at Morris Hall, corner
of State and Jefferson streets, to
march to Hill Auditorium behind
the University Band. Full uniform.
olate she could eat every day." But
Lieutenant Pavlichenko dodged and
tracked her quarry until she had
pumped 309 of them with Russian
bullets.
Her man-sized job as a sniper end-
ed when she was selected to go to
America with a mission of uniting
the youth of the United Nations un-
der the common cause of victory.
With that duty she comes here.
Lieutenant Pavlichenko will be es-
corted into Hill Auditorium by an
ROTC honor guard of 28 men and
three officers fully armed with rifles
and automatic rifles. Uniformed
ROTC and NROTC men will turn out
to sit in a special military block in
Hill Auditorium.
The Women's Rifle Corps, an
American counterpart of the "de-
stroyer squad" with which Lieutenant
Allies Destroy
Enemy Cruiser
HEADQUARTERS OF GENERAL
MACARTHUR, Australia, Oct. 16.-
(W)- Allied airmen supporting their
flf'rVV19OC fiLhtir +thI,nanes in

Pavlichenko got her start, will alsoI
be present to greet her.I
Her mission of unity among the
United Nations' youth will be recog-
nized with a Declaration of Unityc
signed by campus leaders and read
at the meeting. Twenty-four United
Nations representatives sent by the
International Center will be present
on the platform.
The Michigan Band will play patri-
otic music.
Even before her remarks are trans-
lated Lieutenant Pavlichenko will
make her audience understand the
intense hate of the Nazis that her
voice carries.
Four times the Germans wounded
Lieutenant Pavlichenko, twice ser-
iously. One of her wounds was sus-
tained during the hard-fighting de-
fense of Sevastopol.
Lieutenant Pavlichenko was a stu-
dent at the University of Kiev when
the Nazis attacked the Soviet Union.
She was not encouraged to join the
Red Army, but instead she joined a
civilian defense organization which
was later made part of the Chapayev
division.
Her first taste of the battle-line
scared her. But then she learned her
job as well as anyone in the world.
"I was in range of hot German
fire," she said. "I cried to our ma-
chine gunners to save me by a cover
of return fire! But I soon learned the
steadiness and coolness required of
our snipers."
Synthetic Tires
For Everyone
--ButPerhaps!
AKRON, O., Oct. 15.- (IP)- The
nation's rubber boss indicated today
that gasoline rationing and rigid ob-
servance of the 35-mile speed limit
may bring tires for everybody.
Rubber Administrator William J.
Jeffers, who arrived here today for a
personal inspection of Akron's grow-
ing synthetic rubber industry, told

Alan R. Booth Expresses Need
Of Cause For Which To Fioht

Focusing his remarks around the
point that "fighting alone will not
suffice to answer the question that
this war poses," Alan R. Booth, gen-

In an interview after the meeting
Booth hastened to allay the suspicion
of Americans that British financial
interests will prolong the war for pe-
ni~si~m

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