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October 15, 1942 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-10-15

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Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative


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Homer Swander
Morton Mintz
Will Sapp
George W. Sallad6
Charles Thatcher
Bernard Hendel
Barbara deFries
Myron Dasnn..

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
sCity Editor
. Associate Editor
* . .Associate Editor
. . . Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
. . Associate Sports Editor

Business Staff

Edward J. Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg
Mary Lou Curran
Jane Lindberg
James Daniels .

Business Manager


Associate Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Publications Sales Analyst

B y D RE W!
WASHINGTON: A desperate back-
stage tug-of-war has been taking
place in Chile for the past two or
three weeks to prevent President de
los Rios from making his scheduled
visit to the United ,States.
Chief wire-pullers in this tug-of-
war have been Axis agents, many of
them working through pro-Axis Chil-
eans and Argentines. They anticipat-
ed that President Rios' trip would
lead definitely to a Chilean break
with the Axis, leaving Argentina as
the one country still on diplomatic
speaking terms with Germany, Japan,
and Italy.
Until the last two or three weeks
President Rios did not take a very
active interest in foreign affairs;
saw everything through the preju-
diced eyes of his Foreign Minister,
Barros Jarpa, a strong isolationist.
But the other day, young Nelson
Rockefeller, head of the Cultural
Committee for Latin America, called
upon President Rios and gave him a
first hand picture of the American
attitude toward the war and toward
those countries which did not cooper-
ate toward winning the war.
Immediately after the Rockefeller
visit all kinds of gossip spread along
the diplomatic grapevine as to how
the young millionaire had bulldozed
the President of Chile, threatening
him with dire consequences if he did
not break with the Axis. Chief spread-
er of this gossip was Foreign Minister
Barros Jarpa, who reported that
President Rios was so miffed with
Rockefeller that he virtually had de-
cided to 'cancel his trip.
This story, however, seems to
have been generously smeared with
the Axis propaganda brush. Actual-
ly Rockefeller's talk was frank and
friendly. He pointed out that the
United States'naturally would co-
operate with those who cooperated
with her. But he made no threats.
Furthermore, President Rios seem-
ed to appreciate his frankness. He
had never received a very clear pic-'
ture of the situation through the
somewhat distorted vision of his For-
eign Minister, and he wrote a letter
to a friend expressing his apprecia-
tion of the Rockefeller visit.
However, the backstage wire-pull-
ing to keep President Rios away from
the charm of F. D. Roosevelt contin-]
When Sumner Welles last week in
Boston said that Argentina and Chile
had "permitted" secret information toI
leak to the Axis, the anti-American
bloc in Chile pounced upon this with
alacrity. Twisting the Spanish trans-
lation of "permitted" to mean "active
collaboration," they used this word as]
their chief weapon to persuade Rios
to postpone his trip.
It is believed that Rios will come]
to Washington later, but not until
after a diplomatic breathing spell.


Telephone 23-24-1 .k
. 5EC
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.-

(Continued from Page 2)
Senior Mechanical Engineers: Mr.
M. H. Campbell, Representative of
The Standard Oil Company of Ohio,
will interview Senior Mechanical En-
gineering students on Friday after-
noon, October 16, for prospective po-
sitions with that organizations.
Interview schedule is posted on the
Bulletin Board at Room 221 West
Engineering Building.
Registration is being held this week
in the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall, through Friday, Oct.
16. Office hours are 9 to 12 a.m. and
2 to 4 p.m. This enrollment applies
to teachers and to all interested in
business and other professional posi-
tions, and is open to seniors, gradu-
ate students and staff members in-
terested in full-time work.
Only one registration will be held,
and everyone who wants employment
at the end of the February, June, or
August term is urged to apply now.
There is no charge for registration
this week. After this week, however,
there will be a late registration fee
of $1.00. It should be noted that
everyone who is a candidate for a
Teacher's Certificate is required by
the School of Education to be regis-
tered in the Bureau before the cer-
tificate can be granted.
University Bureau of Appoint-
ments & Occupational Infor-
University Lecture: Dr. Siegfried
Giedion of Zurich, Switzerland, Nor-
ton Lecturer at Harvard University,
will lecture on the subject, "The
American Spirit of Invention, " (il-
lustrated) under the auspices of the
College of Architecture and Design,
on Friday, October 16, at 4:15 p.m.
in the Lecture Room of the Archi-
tecture Building. The public is cor-
dially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Esson M.
Gale, Acting James Orin Murfin Pro-
fessor of Political Science, former of-
ficer of the Chinese Salt Revenue
Administration, will lecture on the
subject, "Nationalist China Today:
Personal Impressions" (illustrated),
under the auspices of the Department
of Political Science, on Wednesday,
October 21, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. The public is cor-
dially invited.s
1942-43 Lecture Course Schedule:
Oct. 22, Col. Carlos P. Romulo; Nov.
5, Jay Allen and Louis Fischer; Nov.
17, Ruth Mitchell; Nov. 30, Louis Ad-
amic; Dec. 7, Ilka Chase; Feb. 4, Mar-1
garet Bourke-White; Feb. 18, Walter
Duranty; March 18, T. R. Ybarra.-
Season tickets at special series rates;
are on sale daily at the box office,;
Hill Auditorium. Box office hours are
from 10-1 and 2-5 daily (except Sat- ,
urday afternoon and Sunday.

I 00--p

You Can Help Obliterate
An American Disgrace
T ODAY the Inter-Racial Association
will set up a booth in the center of
the diagonal and circulate a petition urging the
passage .of the Pepper-Geyer Anti-Poll Tax Bill.
The petition will be sent to the Senate. The first
step in the elimination of this national disgrace
was taken Tuesday when the House of Repre-
sentatives, after a bitter struggle,-"passed the bill
by an overwhelming majority of 252 to 84. That
bill must not be stopped in the Senate.
Since its inception in the state of Florida in
1889, the poll tax has been the South's most
flagrant violation of the fifteenth amendment.
Since that time, millions of American citizens
have been disenfranchised by the device of
making them pay for the privilege of voting.
Now, three-quarters of a century after the Civil
War, approximately ten million citizens-four
million Negroes and six million "poor whites"
-are still without a voice in "the government
of the people."
There are eight southern states which use the
poll tax: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississip-
pi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Vir-
ginia. The tax payment varies nominally from $1
to $2 a year. $ut, through interest and penalties
for late payment and cumulative payments, this
amount reaches $36 in Alabama, $47.47 in Geor-
gia. At the same time, the average per capita in-
tome in these eight states varies from $195 to
$455 a year. The poll tax, moreover, is not paid
at the time of voting but long before-10 months
before in three of the states.
N POLL TAX STATES, an average of one-
fourth of the adult citizens vote in presiden-
tial elections; in some counties only 14% of the
adult citizens are qualified to vote. Those citizens
who do vote wield an inordinate amount of
power. The vote of a poll tax payer becomes
worth four times that of a free state voter. To
take an extreme case, Congressman Kirwan of
Ohio was elected in 1940 from a district with a
population of 441,240, 45% of whom voted; Con-
gressman Whittington of Mississippi was elected
from a district of 435,530, 3% of whom voted!
The Pepper Bill has yet to be reported to the
Senate. It is important to America and to the
world, to the disenfranchised southern voter
and the free northern voter, that the Pepper-
Geyer Anti-Poll Tax Bill become a law.
Netta Siegel

,4h AXE 7o(, Hi-by Torquemadc

Lecture: Mr. Allan Booth, General
Secretary of International Student
Service in Great Britain and Ireland,
will deliver a public lecture this eve-
ning at 7:30 in Lane Hall on "Stu-
dents in Wartime England." The lec-
ture is sponsored by Inter-Guild.
Academic Notices
Navy Flight Training in Ann Arbor
sponsored by the Civilian Pilot Train-
ing Program. 16-week progrbm is of-
fered during the Fall Term for V-1
or V-5 Navy enlistments while at-
tending University. 72 hours of eve-
ning ground school in University
classrooms. Flight training includes
35-40 hours at Ann Arbor Airport
between classes at University. No
enrollment fee. Applications are still
being accepted for a quota of 20 Uni-
versity boys. There are four open-
ings. Classes to begin as soon as quo-
ta is filled. Tentative date for start
of program has been set for October
19. For further information, call at
Room B-47 East Engineering or tele-
phone 4121, Extension 2113. Get your
application in now before it is too
late for this program.
Doctoral Examination for Horace
Komm; field: mathematics; thesis:
"Concerning the Dimension and the
lambdaDimension of a Partial Or-
der," will be held today in East Coun-
cil Room, Rackham Bldg., at 3:00
p.m.; chairman, B. Dushnik.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and he may grant permission to those
who for sufficient reason might wish
to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Class in Physics 203 will meet as
usual on Friday, October 16.
E. F. Baker
Math. 112, Theory of Equations.
Beginning today, this class will
meet in Room 220 West Engineering
R. M. Thrall
German Departmental Library, 204
University Hall, schedule for the Fall
Term: Tuesday, Wednesday, Thurs-
day, Friday; 2:00 to 4:00 p.m.; Sat-
urday: 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon.
Program in International Studies:
Students who have enrolled, or who
are interested in enrolling, in this
program should meet in room 1035
Angell Hall at 3:15 p.m. today.
H. B. Calderwood
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, Schools of Education, Fores-
try, Music, and Public Health: Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by November 5. Students wishing an
extension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the appro-
priate official in their school with
Ijoom 4 U. H. where it will be trans-
mitted. Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar
Preliminary examinations for the
doctorate in English will be given ac-
cording to the following schedule:
December 2: American Literature
With European Backgrounds.
December 5: English Literature,

IT GETS so completely disheartening so often
that a sense of humor, real or assumed, is the
only thing to get by on. Last week's Collegiate Di-
gest, a raccoon coat photo section, showed Drake
Un'iversity students with big "D"s on their sweat-
ers paddling freshmen who refused such head-
gear. And only yesterday we got a letter from the
Ohio State Lantern.
The address: "Editor, Michigan Daily"-the
salutation: "Dear Fella". The letter (which we
do not reprint for humanitarian reasons) went
on to say that as far as they could check there
had never been an exchange trophy for Michi-
gan-Ohio State games down there; that both
papers played a large part in student affairs, and
thus would do well to sponsor such a trophy; that
we need not fear ifiwe were faced with financial
troubles, as they were down there; that each
paper should make up a mat (impression) of a
page headed Michigan Beats Ohio State, or Ohio
State Beats Michigan; that since we are worried
Claire Booth - You Might
Call Her Different .
C LAIRE BOOTH, now busy stumping
for the Republican votes in Connec-
ticut is . . . well, you might call her different.
"I beg the voters ... to remove that, small,
but squawking white albatross of myopic iso-
lationism, Hamilton Fish." (Claire Booth at
Poughkeepsie in 1940. She supported Wendell
"Mr. Downs is one of the many men without
faces in Washington." (Claire Booth on Sept. 18,
1942. Against her opponent, Democratic incum-
bent Leroy D. Downs.)
"I HAVE just seen a photograph of Mr. Downs
and he has a very nice face indeed." (Claire
Booth, ten days later, after she had seen a photo-
graph of Leroy Downs.)
Connecticut hasn't seen anything like her
for many a moon. Claire Booth has a razor-
sharp wit and a bewitching smile. (In 1941, she
was voted the best-dressed woman in America.)
As a politician, Henry Luce's wife is . . . well,
you might call her different.
Bob Mantho

about expenses if we are as bad off as they are
(here a jovial note was introduced), this need
merely be mounted on a wood background after
having been bronzed. It would cost neither fella
more than $10, and please write immediately
since we have so little time left to accomplish our
WE WROTE immediately, but policy dictates'
such a letter should be restrained to the quiet
chuckles of its several authors. I think it's funny
enough to reprint.
Editor, Ohio State Lantern
Hello Out There-
WE'VE just checked up here, and we can't find
any exchange trophy, either. We don't know
what to do, either! We are happy to realize that
there is still someone out there fighting it out on
this all-importaht line. School spirit is not dead,
IT IS IMPOSSIBLE to impress upon you just
how much rah-rah spirit can really mean to a
great university such as ours, for they are great
universities, aren't they? They sure are.
WE WERE terribly impressed with your idea,
but only one thing holds us back: we are not
faced with financial difficulties, fella. We can
understand just how bad you must feel about
this matter, and possibly a few suggestions might
be of value. Try increasing your circulation. Ad-
vertising also is a good source of revenue.
IN THE EVENT you do make a financial success,
possibly we can put into effect your great sug-
gestion. For it is a great suggestion from a great
bunch of guys, fella. We would like to see each
paper exchange staffs the day of the game. You
could put out a Daily, and we would put out a
copy of the Ohio State Lantern. You might even
try going to Michigan for a couple of weeks. We
cannot but feel that such an idea would be of
great benefit to the common effort we are both
facing, fella.
IN CONCLUSION, thank you again and again
and again for your interest. It is good to see
someone interested in the more important things
of life. We are glad to see that you have none of
these New York communists working around
there for war bond sales. God Bless America.
Yours truly,

I'd Rlather Be Right

National Rubber Czar Demonstrates Backbone
In First Struggle With Pressure Organizations

Our foreign policy is beginning to
change. No question of it. Our re-
lations with Vichyrand Helsinki are
deteriorating in gratifying fashion.
Soon, let us hope, they will be very
bad indeed.
At the same time, we have
warmed up our connection with
China. We have sent a wave of
jollification through that country
by offering, in common with Eng-
land, to end our century-old extra-
territorial privileges, which were
dedicated to the proposition that
when the white man goes visiting
in Asia he brings not only his bath-
tubs and his dinner clothes, but hisA
own courts too; the ultimate in
luxurious travel.
Simultaneously, our relations with
the only two neutrals in the hemi-
sphere, Argentina and Chile, grow
worse. This is inevitable, precisely
as inevitable as our warmer feeling
for China. It is silly to blame it on
Mr. Welles, for the speech in which
he criticized "two countries" for
letting Axis agents operate on their
soil. The war made Mr. Welles
make that speech. The war is mak-
ing all these realignments. Mr.
Welles has next to nothing to do
with them. He doesn't want to
break with any country; he has
proved, elaborately, that he can
stand almost anybody.
So, things are clearing up. The
interminable choosing of sides,
which began ten years ago, is still
going on. It is an incomplete proc-
ess, but it is nearing the end.
The big trouble is that we are not
making it happen; it is happening
to us. It is still too slow. Actually,
as has been true for ten years, we
have no foreign policy. Our diplo-
macy is not an arrow, pointing any-
where: it is a cork floating on a
murky sea, revealing the direction

So, with extraterritoriality in
China. It is not important that we
waited a hundred years. What is
important is that we never really
did it on our own motion at all; we
waited until Japan had seized the
coastal areas in which these privi-
leges existed, and thus made our
privileges moot; we did nothing
with them until they were gone.
We tell Argentina and Chile that
we don't like Axis agents in this
hemisphere; but we tolerate agents
of three Axis countries, Spain,
Vichy-France and Finland, in our
own capital. They can hear the
gossip, read our press, including
technical journals, carefully; then
send the dirt to Hitler a few hours
via diplomatic messages to their
own countries.
Sometime, when a scandal devel-
ops in this field, we shall undoubt-
edly act; but we are without a pol-
icy for preventing scandals.
We are slow and sullen about
completing the choosing of sides.
The war is gradually clarifying the
picture, but it is our duty to act
first and clarify the war.
Yet when, belatedly, under the.
spur of danger, we do stumble in
the right direction, results are
good. China's gratitude makes us
catch our breath and realize anew
what prompter generosity on our
part might do to the spirits of men
around the world. Argentina and
Chile begin to debate their neutral-
ity afresh; we have given argu-
ments to our friends down below;
we have forced men on the wrong
side to be more positively, more
noisily, wrong. Why not precipi-
tate these struggles eagerly, enthu-
siastically, everywhere? They are
the life of our age.
But, instead, our foreign policy
runs after events and never quite

December 9: English
December 12: English

C!_ *i*F 11


Poin ted

from Beginnings to 1550.
All examinations will be given in
3217 A. H., 9:00-12:00 a.m.
All those intending to take the
examinations should notify Professor
N. E. Nelson as soon as possible.
Choral Union Concert Tickets: A
limited number of tickets for the sea-
son or for individual concerts, are
still on sale over the counter at the
offices of the University Musical So-
ciety in Burton Memorial Tower. On
the days of the respective performan-
ces a limited number of standing
room tickets will also be placed on
sale, if necessity requires.
Charles A. Sink, President
University Musical Society
Events Today
The Zoology Club will meet in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing tonight at 7:30.
Mr. Karl Bleyl will discuss "The
comparative effects of the crude and
refined venom of Crotalus atrox upon
the circulating blood cells of certain
Social gathering in the West Con-
ference Room at the rear of the Am-
phitheatre. Please remain to get ac-
Zoologists and assistants on the
staffs of the Department of Zoology,
Museum of Zoology, Laboratory of
Vertebrate Biology, School of For-
estry and Conservation, Institute for
Fisheries Research, and U.S. Fish and

W E WOULD LIKE to give Mr. William
M. Jeffers, national rubber czar and
one of the few national administrators to boast
a well ossified backbone, a hearty pat on the
For Mr. Jeffers has bluntly and unequivocally
expressed his attitude concerning pressure groups
ins the nation. In no uncertain language he told
several cotton bloc Senators, including old 'Cot-
ton Ed' Smith himself, just exactly how he felt
about 'muddlers who would torpedo the rubber
O JEFFERS, the rayon v. cotton battle, rep-
resented only the first of many such squabbles
which he will have to settle before our rubber
program is unscrambled. After the beautiful job

remembrance of Donald Nelson's initial
contrasted with the rather dismal record

of the

'Pie L>

ONE STATEMENT by Jeffers, however, failed
to offer as good a base for optimism. "Until
there's evidence to the contrary I'm assuming
that every American can be trusted to do a war
job, .. ." To the writer this- brought unpleasant
thoughts of dollar-a-year men-tied to the purse
strings of the industries from which they were
drawn-who have raised such havoc with the war
effort to date. We can only hope that the rubber
program director will not make the mistake of
trusting these.
But Mr. Jeffers is certainly entitled to the
benefit of, the, doubt, so lots of good luck, Mr.
.Taf ,z.nnl trphan ta a 1, athecnm.fln

HOWELL, MICH., OCT. 13.--(P)=--Gerald L. K.
Smith, sticker candidate for the U.S. Senate seat
of Prentiss M. Brown, added a gasoline-for-ev-
erybody pledge to the tires-for-everybody plank
in his campaign platform in a talk here today.
"I shall oppose gaso-
line rationing and I .
shall oppose all so-called
emergency measures de-
signed to protect mo-
_ ,n_ i, .

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