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February 19, 1942 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-02-19

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Unseasonably Cold


it gan


Living Standard
Must Be Decreased



Sub Raid
On Aruba
Is Foiled
Alert Bombers Prevent
Repetition Of Monday
Attack On Oil Refinery
Congress Considers
Repeal Of Pension
WILLEMSTAD, Curacao, N. W. I.,
Feb. 18.-(IP-Alert U. S. bombers
drove enemy U-boats from the Aruba
coast today and frustrated a repe-
tition of the Monday raid in which
seven United Nations tankers were
attacked and the big refinery shelled
from the sea.
The submarines were sighted from
both land and sea when they sur-
faced and bombers flew at once to
the attack. The U-boats dived quick-
ly without launching torpedoes and
the aircraft were unable to carry out
a concentrated attack.
At the time of the U-boats' appear-
ance, one tanker, the Monaga, still
was burning at sea northwest of
Aruba as a result of the Monday as-
sault and all hope of saving her was
abandoned. Four of her crew were
still missing.
On the beach near Aruba were the
tankers Pedernales and Arkansas, the
latter a Texaco vessel, but the Shell
tanker Rafaela was safe at Curacao
after being torpedoed between Cur-
acao and Aruba.
It was reported that 37 out of 78
crew members had been saved from
three vessels, the Tia Juana, Oranje-
stad and San Nicolas.
Dispatches from Caracas said Ven-
ezuela had tightened her coast de-.
fense measures as a result of the
U-boat attacks, which most Venezu-
elan newspapers interpreted as an
attack on that country.
Committee Passes
Repeal Of Pension
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18. -(P)-
The Senate Ctvil ervi* gomm1t1e,
approved by a 4 to 2 vote tonight leg-
islation which would repeal pensions
recently grantedto members of Con-
gress, the Presidentt, the Vine -Presi-
dent and Cabinet officers.
The committee acted after an un-
usual night hearing which lasted
about three hours.
No announcement was made as to
the division on the vote, but Sena-
tors Mead (Dem.-N.Y.) and Bulow
(Dem.-S.D.) were said by other mem-
bers of the committee to have voted
against the repealer. The others
present were Senators Byrd (Dem.-
Va.), Laner (Rep.-N.D.), Aiken (Rep.
Vt.) and Burton (Rep.-Ohio).
Byrd, sponsor of the repeal meas-
ure, said that it would be put before
the Senate for action tomorrow.
The repeal would be effected by
writing into the present law a provi-
sion that it could not be applied to
any elective officer. It also would
except heads of executive depart-
ments, who make up the Cabinet,
from participation in the retirement
Another section would prohibit par-
ticipation in more than one retire-
ment plan for Federal employes.
Any elective official or Cabinet
member who has already made re-
tirement contributions under the law
would have them repaid to him with-
in 30 days under the repeal measure.
In response to a question during
the hearing, Harry B. Mitchell, Civil
Service Commission president, told
the committee that "about eight"
members of Congress had already ap-

plied for retirement benefits, H e
did not identify them.
Signal Corps
Offers Posts
Students Taking ESMIDT
Work Will Be Trained
United States Army Signal Corps
commissions are now open to stu-
dents taking the Engineering, Science
and Management Defense Training
course in ultra-high frequency tech-
niques, it was announced yesterday.
According to a message received
from Col. Henry L. P. King, juniors
and seniors taking this ESMDT work
will be given an opportunity to serve
as Signal Corps officers after gradu-
ation. This ruling, qualified by
physical requirements, also assures
selective service deferment prior to
Men appointed to the service will
be trained in the operation and main-

Summer Term Plans
Await Survey Returns
No Official Calendar As Yet, Heneman Declares;
Students Urged To Report Economic Status

War Board officials awaited com-
plete returns of their Regential ques-
tionnaire today preparatory to the
formulation of a definite summer
term calendar.
Filled-out forms of the Student
Plans Inquiry must be returned to
the person who issued them by noon
today. University statisticians have
already begun tabulation of student
Special Assemblies
Engineering school "registration"
will end today in three special assem-
blies to be held in Room 348 West
Engineering; sophomores, 1 p.m.;
juniors, 11 a.m.; and August and Oc-
tober (1942) seniors at 10 a.m.
Prof. Harlow J. Heneman, execu-
Campus Sale
Of 'Technic'
To Be Today
Leading Article Tells Why
Students Fail Courses;
U.S. Planes Described
A Michigan Technic packed with
information of interest to engineers
and other students alike will go on
sale at 8 a.m. today when the Febru-
ary issue of the engineering college
magazine will be made available over
the Engineering Arch, in front of the
secretary's office in the West Engi-
neeringBuilding, and in the East
Engineering Lobby.
Aptly titled "And So You Failed,"
the leading article this month, sub-
mitted by Prof. Charles B. Gordy of
the mechanical engineering depart-
ment, will present the facts and fig-
ures on why people, especially engi-
neers, flunk out of school, .
Of equal general interest will be an
~articieaky Charles~W- Ranson, '42E,
on "U. S. Fighting Planes." Plenty
of pictures will make this story es-
pecially worthwhile, the editors
Prof. Avard Fairbanks of the sculp-
ture department completes the con-
tributing list for this issue with his
story of "Engineering in Sculpture,"
in which he describes the use of
frameworks used in the construction
of large statues.
A special Technic feature this issue,
titled simply "Briefly . . .," will pre-
sent the newest engineering ideas
and discoveries "in a nutshell."
Completing the contents of this
issue will be "The Technic Presents,"
in which engineering BMOC's will be
introduced to the reader. Recogni-
tion this month will go to Prof.
James H. Cissel of the civil engineer-
ing department, Virginia Frey, '42E,
and Dick Reidl, '42E.
Prospective Daily editorial and
sports staff tryouts who were un-
able to attend yesterday's general
meeting are urged to meet at 5
p.m. tomorrow in the Daily offices
of the Publication Building for
general instruction.

tive War Board director, discounted
the validity of a summer session cal-
endar as published in yesterday's
Quarterly Review. The report stated
that the war-born term would open
June 15 with classes beginning on
June 22.
"This report was based entirely
upon conjecture," Heneman said last
night. "At present we ourselves (the
War Board) have several distinctly
different calendars prepared, none of
which can be decided upon until we
have studied student plans and opin-
ion as expressed in the questionnaire.
Even then, our decision will not be
valid until it is discussed and ap-
proved by the Regents on Feb. 27."
Clark Tibbitts, War Board secre-
tary, urged that students pay partic-
ular attention to Question No. 10
(Economic Status), for the informa-
tion secured wil be forwarded to the
United States Commissioner on Edu-
cation in the hope of securing Fed-
eral subsidies for students who are
forced to earn tuition money by sum-
mer work.
Economic Information Important
"Some seniors and others who do
not intend to return next semester,"
Tibbitts said, "have neglected to an-
swer the Economic Status question
with care. This information is ex-
tremely important to us, whether or
not it comes from one who is leaving
the University."
War Board clerks were tabulating
first returns of the University's high
school poll yesterday. More than 600
Michigan high schools and 100 out-
state preparatory schools were quer-
ied to determine how many June high
school graduates would attend the
summer session, and specifically, how
many were planning to enroll in the
engineering school.°
Noted Violinist
Joseph Szigeti
Ty. o Play IToday
A perennial favorite with the con-
cert-going public everywhere, Joseph
Szigeti will be presented by the Uni-
versity Choral Union in the ninth
concert of its annual series at 8:30
p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
The noted Hungarian violinist has
a world-wide reputation. He has re-
ceived many high official honors.
Among them are the ranks of Offi-
cer of the French Legion of Honor,
Commander of the Order of Leopold
of Belgium and Officer's Cross of the
Hungarian "Ordre pour le Merite."
Szigeti is perhaps best known for
his interpretations of Beethoven's
Violin Concerto.
Today's program will include the
following: Concerto in D minor by
Tartini; Rondo in D major by Schu-
bert-Friedberg; Sonata in A major
by Franck; Slavonic Dance in G mi-
nor by Dvorak-Kreisler; Study in
Thirds by Scriabin-Szigeti; Snow by
Lie-Szigeti; Intermezzo from "Hary
Janos" suite by Kodaly-Szigeti;
Maidens in the Garden by Mompou-
Szigeti, and Russian Dance (from
"Petrushka") by Stravinsky-Dush-

Rufus Jones
To Give Talk
On War Work
New SRA Lecture Series
Will Pesent Quaker
War Board Organizer
Elliott, Abernathy,
Keller Will Speak
Religion in the war and its role
in the peace after the war will be
the general topic for a series of five
lectures sponsored by the Student
Religious Association.
The first lecture will be given by
Dr. Rufus Jones, chairman of the
American Friends Service Commit-
tee, at 4:15 p.m. Wednesday, Feb.
25, in the Rackham Lecture Hall.
He will speak on "Constructive Serv-
ice Across the World in Wartime."
Dr. Jones is the foremost Quaker
theologian of this era and one of
America's outstanding mystics. He
organized the Friends' Service Com-
mittee in 1917. During the present
war this committee has been most
publicized for its establishment of
Civilian Public Service Camps for
conscientious objectors.
Clergyman To Speak
Dr. William Paton, noted British
clergyman, will speak on "The Ex-
perience of Religious Groups in Eng-
land during the War" in the second
lecture of the series on March 6.
Dr. Paton is a noted author and sec-
retary of the International Mis-
sionary Council. He came to this
country under the auspices of the
Federal Council of Churches.
On March 10 the Association will
bring Dr. Adolph Keller, professor
at the Universities of Zurich and
Geneva in Switzerland, to Ann Arbor
to discuss the religious crisis on the
continent of Europe. Dr. Keller is
regarded throughout Europe and the
Near East as one of the most effec-
tive workers in the cooperative and
federated movement among the
YMCA Leader
Fourth lreturkr'in the series will
be Rolland Elliott, director of student
work for the Young Men's Christian
Association. He will explain student
needs in prisoner of war camps and
in China on March 14. Elliott re-
cently returned to this country from
a study of relief agencies in Europe.
The Rev. Bradford Abernathy,
secretary of the Federal Council of
Churches, will conclude the series on
March 19 with an address on the
basis for a just and durable peace.
Students Plan
War Projects
Committee Favors More
Non-Credit Courses
In recognition of the need for a
greater number of non-credit defense
courses and for more inclusive basic
military training on the campus, the
Student Defense Committee of 1942
voted yesterday to cooperate in the
formation of such programs, with the
University War Board and the local
ROTC unit
A sub-committee, headed by Dick
Schoel, '43E, was appointed at the
meeting to carry on the defense
stamp and bonds drive. Other mem-
bers are Herbert Heavenrich, '44E,
Jane Baits, '42, Jim Collins, '43, and

Virginia Frey, '42E.
Another project which the Com-
mittee voted to support is the insti-
tution of vocational guidance tests.
Bob Mathews, '43, was appointed
chairman of a sub-committee to in-
vestigate the subject. Working with
him will be Jane Baits and Herbert
In preparation for the next blood
bank drive a third sub-committee
was appointed, composed of Homer
Swander, '43, Margaret Campbell, '43,
Bil Slocum, '42. Bob Burstein, '43,
and Jean Hubbard, '42,
Tojo Tsuldmashita
Ann Arbor Ni LToyobi
Michigan students will be given a
holiday Monday in order that they
may recover from the terrific strain
of their all-out defense effort..
The official occasion of the holiday
is said to be the Monday following
the Sunday of Washington's birth-
day. The day is more familiarly re-
ferred to as 'the first day of the

Evacuation Of Rangoon
Rushed As Japs Threaten
Rail Center, Burma Road

Jap Planes Bomb Islands Near Java
......... .
ova ~ South ... . ..........:
............ ..............: ~ ::BILLITO N
PALEMBANG. ...........N
....... ... ... ......... 'C
4 elava sea
® ° ,c 7' BATAVIA
.4 ~~TIJIAT *::......


Japanese planes, possibly in a preliminary to the expected direct
assault on Java, heart of the Dutch East Indies, bombed and machine-
gunned several of the small islands in the narrow Sunda Strait (2),
which separates Java from Sumatra. In a raid on a Japanese-held
airfield at Palembang (1), south Sumatra oil center, Dutch bombers
shot down two Japanese fighter planes. Palembang had fallen to the
Japanese invaders, apparently coming from Borneo (arrows), after
the city's oil stores had purposely been fired. Palembang is 269 air miles
(broken line) from Batavia, Javanese capital.
Willow Run Situatio n Reac hes
TCritical' Stage, Bennett Asserts

Transportation, Housing,
Sanitation Are Problems;
Need Government Aid
(This is the second in a series of
articles dealing with the severe prob-
lems being encountered at Willow
The Willow Run enigma that has
run local authorities ragged for the
past month is now in its critical
stage. Prof. Wells I. Bennett, dean
of the art school, informed The Daily
late last night-and the question to
be decided has come to a head: What
is the government going to do?
Dean Bennett was a special repre-
sentative to the meeting of public of-
ficials called by Frederic A. Delano,
uncle of the President, at the Horace
H. Rackham Educational Memorial
in Detroit yesterday morning. The
meeting lasted all day and discus-
sion centered around the problems
confronting officials at Willow Run,
There will be a meeting for all
eligible tryouts for the 'Ensian
Editorial Staff at 4:15 p.m. to-
morrow in the Publications Build-
ing, 420 Maynard St.

location of the powerful B-24 giant
"Mr. Delano has a good idea of the
main problems facing him now,"
Dean Bennett stated, "and they are
mainly transportation, housing, water
and sewage supply with schools and
recreation facilities also entering in."
At the meeting, Walter P. Reuther,
board member of the UAW-CIO,
urged a model community to be erec-
ted but Delano said that no ideal
community was planned by the gov-
A year from now over 100,000 men
are expected to be working in the
bomber plant and time is short if
an acute bottleneck is to be avoided
in that vital defense area, Dean Ben-
nett said. He declared he was work-
ing with the Ann Arbor Citizens'
Council to see whether it was legal
to organize a Washtenaw County
Housing Authority which would "of-
ficially" have power to regulate the
"tremendous problem" of housing
which must be met in the headache-
sector of Michigan.
At present, there is not a housing
authority in the entire county of
(The state law permits the setting
up of city and village housing com-
missions but there is no provision
(Continued on Page 2)

Assault Begins On Bataan
In Climactic Attempt
To Batter MacArthur
Javanese Airmen
Beat Back Attack
SYDNEY, Thursday, Feb. 19.-
(A)-Port Darwin on the northern
Coast has been bombed, Prime
Minister John Curtinbannounced
RANGOON, Burma, Feb. 18.---()-
The British suddenly stepped up the
civil evacuation of Rangoon today in
the face of an ominous military sit-
uation some 75 miles above the city
while the RAF carried out a mass at-
tack on a Thailand rail terminus in
the north which the enemy is be-
lieved using as a base for a para-
chute invasion of territory vital to
the supplying of China.
A communique conceded that the
Japanese had forced a crossing of the
Bilin River and the front before Ran-
goon was described as now lying
somewhere between the Salween
River on the east and the Sittang on
the west-the latter river only 20
miles from the railway, by which
Rangoon feeds the Burma Road, and
some 30 miles west of the Bilin.
Japanese parties crossed the Bilin
in small boats at some places, it was
announced officially.
Imperial forces fought hand-to-
hand with the invaders, and Gurkha
forces counterattacked sharply, the
communique said. The fighting
spread along a wide front as the Jap-
anese moved up strong forces from
Thaton, which lies not far from the
scene of action on the Rangoon-
Moulmein railway.
"Fighting -continued all last night
and still is in progress," the com-
munique said, adding that "our
troops are holding their positions and
fighting strongly."
A Japanese sea and air assault di-
rectly on the Rangoon delta from
across the Gulf of Martaban was
reckoned an increasing possibility.
British bombers were raiding the
Japanese this morning in support of
ground forces, while American pilots
patroled the skies over Rangoon.
On the northern front there was
an unofficial report that Chinese
troops had crossed the wild and loft
frontier of Thailand with the inten-
tion of relieving Japanese pressure
on the British line defending the
approaches to Rangoon, but there
was no confirmation of this.
Japs Open New Drive
Against MacArthur
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18.-(TP)-ie
Army today reported the beginning
of a big, and perhaps climactic, Jap-
anese drive upon the battered troops
of Gen. Douglas MacArthur on Ba-
taan Peninsula.
New enemy air units were bombing
the American and Filipino forces
"almost constantly." New Japanese
artillery batteries pounded the de-
fending positions with increased in-
tensity. And meanwhile, even more
Japanese reinforcements were land-
ing at nearby Subic Bay.
The Army communique also re-
ported a successful attack upon Jap-
anese shipping in the Dutch East
Indies by American Army pilots fly-
ing four motored bombers. Direct
hits were scored on a big transport
and a small one, and both were be-
lieved sunk. Two enemy barges were
destroyed. None of the planes was
In another aerial foray, nine Amer-
ican P-40 fighting planes intercept-
ed, six Japanese pursuit craft near
Java, shot down four, then proceed-
ed to drop light bombs on the Japan-
ese-held Palembang airfield in Su-
matra. The American craft re-
turned safely to their base.

Javanese Air Force
Downs Invading Planes
BATAVIA, Java., N.E.I., Feb. 18.-
(R)-A staunch Allied air defense of
Java's Soerabaja naval base knocked
out nearly one-fourth of a Japanese
raiding force today while isolated
Dutch Indies battalions fought fa-
talistically at many points in the
archipelago and U.S. and Nether-
lands air squadrons beat hard at the

Second Day Of Sessions:
Highway Conference To Hear
Van.Wagoner, Kennedy Today

Two days of the twenty-eighth an-
nual Michigan Highway Conference
will be officially concluded at 7 p.m.
today when Gov. Murray D. Van
Wagoner and State Highway Com-
missioner G. Donald Kennedy pre-
sent the main addresses of the con-
ference at a dinner meeting in the
Ballroom of the Union.
Speaking on "Highway Capacity,"
0. K. Normann of the U. S. PublicI
Roads Administration will be the
first speaker on today's program,1
scheduled to get under way at 9:301
a.m. in the Union Ballroom.
Subsequent talks will be "Access
Roads for Industry" by W. H. Harvie
of the State Highway Department,
"Traffic Engineering for War Pro-
duction Transport" by Maywell Hal-
sey of the Michigan State Safety
Commission, and "What Education
and Enforcement Can Be Expected
to Accomplish on the Present High-
way System" by S. J. Williams of the
National Safety Council in Chicago.

Office, a symposium on the "Use of
Accident Records," "Military Traffic
Engineering" by Maj. J. M. Lenone of
the U. S. Army, and a National Safety
Council film entitled "Testing the
Drinking Driver."
Meanwhile county highway men
will hear a talk on "Priorities" by J.
A. Long of the American Road Build-
ers' Association, to be followed by a
discussion led by Dr. Louis Webber of
the Michigan Association of Road
Commissioners and Engineers.
Second county topic will be "Short
Count Traffic Surveys," to be pre-
sented by J. T. Sharpensteen of the
Delta County Road Commission. The
discussion will be led by J. G. Rabow-
sky of the Ingham County Road
The program for the day will be
concluded by the banquet, at which
George R. Averill, editor of The Bir-
minghamn Eccentric, wifl be toast-
Following the talks by Governor
Van Wagoner and Comimissioner

IFC Plans For Future:.
ouncil To Survey Fraternity
Rushing, Finance, Scholarship

With an eye to the immediate fu-
ture the Interfraternity Council will
pass out questionnaires to all fra-
ternities within the next few days
in an attemut to discover the most
equitable methods of dealing with
rushing, finances and scholarship
over the summer and fall semesters.
Following a meeting of all house
presidents yesterday Don Stevenson,
'42, president of the Council an-
nounced that three committees will
be formed to deal with the problems
of rushing, finance and scholarship
as they appear from the answers on
the questionnaires.
Typical questions which may be in-
cluded are: (1) How many men do
you expect to return for the summer

conclusions. Stevenson stressed the
fact that the primary object of the
survey was to make plans which
would serve the fraternity system as
a whole best, rather than individual
Complete results, and a summer
program, are expected to be announ-
ced within two or three weeks, sub-
ject to approval of the Committee on
Student Affairs.
One of the Council's knottiest
problems will be how to make rushing
as fair a proposition as possible. If
some fraternities, because they will
have a larger group back for the
summer, will be able to secure a lion's
share of the freshmen, the other
houses would face the possibility of

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