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May 17, 1942 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-05-17

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AT, MAY 17;3 "4


Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year .and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. ,A rights
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.00, by mail $5.00.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Pwublislbers Represetative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42

WASHINGTON-Here is the inside Nazi view
on the most vital question-mark in all Europe-
whether Turkey will go with the Axis or against
According to a confidential version given by
Nazi Ambassador von Papen to George Bonnet,
French Ambassador to Turkey, it is absolutely
certain that Turkey will fall into line with the
Axis. Von Papen indicated that Hitler did not
plan to press Turkey until the exact psychologi-
cal moment, but when that time came, he was
sure Turkey would fall into Hitler's lap like a
ripe plum.
Von Papen also told the French Ambassador
how he, personally, had been working with the
Kurdish tribes along the Turkey-Iran border.
This border is near the vital corridor up from
the Gulf of Persia to the Caucasus, now being
used by the Allies for shipments to South Russia.
This, of course, is only von Papen's side of
the situation. But one thing is important to
note. Von Papen has a long record of accom-
plishments when it comes to softening a country
in advance of a Hitler putsch. He was the man
who softened Austria so that all Hitler had to
do was walk in.
And years before, von Papen got valuable ex-
perience in the U.S.A. when he was the Kaiser's
military attache in Washington and plotted
sabotage against the Allies in the then neutral
United States. It was von Papen who planned
to blow up the Welland Canal between Canada
and the United States, and he was reported to
be the brains behind the explosion of the Kings-
land, N. J., munitions plant, and the giant muni-
tions dump at Black Tom, N. J.
So what he says regarding Turkey is impor-
Won't Be Long Now
Macon Reed, ex-Washington newsman, now
a private in the Army, has this to say about the

Homer Swander
Morton Mintz .
Will .Sapp
Charles Thatcher
George W. Salladi
Bernard Hendel
Myron Dann
Barbara deFries

Editorial Staff
. . . . Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. . . . City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
* . . . . Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. . . Women's Editor
Business Staff

Edward J. Perlberg . . . Business Manager
Fred M. Ginsberg . . Associate Business Manager
Mary Lou Curran . . Women's Business Manager
Jaue Lindberg . . Women's Advertising Manager
James Daniels . . . Publications Sales Analyst
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers only.

Attacks On Conscientious Objector
Kenneth Morgan Are Unfair .Lies.. .

again. Not long ago they were de-
nouncing Lew Ayres and boycotting his pictures,
now they are bitterly attacking Kenneth W.
Morgan, director of the Student Religious Asso-
ciation, because he, too, has the courage to stand
by his convictions even in the face of an unpre-
dictable public opinion.
Yesterday this feeling of misguided patriotism
manifested itself in the Ann Arbor News in a
manner which should arouse the indignation of
fair-minded students and townspeople to whom
Ken Morgan is an outstanding example of hon-
esty, courage and the Christian way of life.
The News editorial, by implication, accused
Morgan-who is registered as a conscientious
objector and was recently appointed to the
directorship of a Quaker work camp-of cow-
ardice, of being an unscrupulous profit-seeker
and of using his position as head of the SRA
to "impair the survival ability of the people of
Michigan ... and influence hundreds of im-
pressionable young men and women."
The first charge-that of cowardice-is almost
absurd. It does not take much actual courage to
follow a questionnaire into the Army, to stay in
school on one of the many deferred service plans
of even to enlist outright in some branch of the
armed forces. The courage required in action
o this kind is small until the horrors and the
in of war are embedded in one's mentality-
wich almost invariably comes after enlistment.
]BUT every one of us knows the kind of courage
Ken Morgan must have to face a public opin-
ion which in the past has shown conscientious
o jectors little mercy. There are few of us who
have that type of courage. Most of us yield all
too easily to "social pressure," but Lew Ayres and
1Ken Morgan are not like the rest of us in this
The second charge made by the News edi-
torial is an absolute and inexcusable lie. Its
statement claiming one of the benefits of Mor-
gan's position is "reported to be that he will
.e paid better than most of the men who are
defending his conscience" is an unsubtle at-
tempt to impugn his ideals and his motives. It
took The Daily one telephone call to determine
1. Morgan's salary at the camp will be room
and board for his family. All other expenses
will have to be met out of his own savings.
2. Mrs. Morgan will also be required to do a
good share of work around the camp.
3. Room and board is extremely simple. The
family's living quarters will be two small rooms
with cardboard walls which reach neither the
floor nor the ceiling. Four other members of the
staff will live in adjoining rooms separated only
by the flimsy cardboard.
This, in our opinion, is scarcely "comfortable"
living as the News chooses to call it.
S FOR the editorial's third charge that Mor-
gan used his position as director of the SRA
to endanger the survival ability of the people of
- . . . -- L B T Z' _1 ,0 t_ A ;i ti.s. - - ..

hundreds of' young men and women. And so he
has. Speaking as individuals who disagree with
his pacifist stand-but do not condemn him for
it-we can only say that we wish more young
people had been at some time closely associated
with Ken Morgan. There would be just that
many more sincere and thoughtful persons
Working for the good of democracy. There would
not necessarily be any more pacifists, for he
never attempted to urge his philosophy upon
University students.
Long before December 7th we were con-
vinced that this war was a life-and-death
struggle between two diametrically opposed
creeds. We called time and time again for a
declaration of war by this nation. Now that
war has come, we are ready to fight and die
for what we believe. We are also ready to fight
and die for what Ken Morgan believes. We
feel no resentment toward him merely be-
cause he is a conscientious objector. Rather,
we admire and respect him for the man we
know he is-for his courage, his honesty and
his sincere devotion to peace and democracy.
And we hope that after the war Ken Morgan
will again be director of the Student Religious
Association at the University of Michigan.
- Homer Swander
Morton Mintz

new military machines which Uncle Sam is so
swiftly whipping into shape:
"How is it to be in the Army? There is a
breath-taking exhilaration in swinging across a
parade ground and seeing and feeling the other
t columns moving in the effortless, smooth, free
march step of the American Army-marching,
marching, marching to heaven knows where. At
such a moment, and only at such a moment, one
gets a flash perception of the true strength of
America, a boundless sweep of irresistible power
--and I chuckle to myself and think 'What is
everybody in Washington in such a fret and
worry about?' Mandalay? Lashio? Trifles, boys,
mere trifles. We heard the news of their fall
with a yawn and got on with our work. Just
wait till we ,get started. It won't be long now!"
What Happens After The War?
At six one morning, Henry Wallace woke up
and began thinking about the speech he was
going to make in New York. Ideas kept tumbling
into his mind. Quietly, so as not to disturb Mrs.
Wallace, he reached for the dictaphone and be-
gan speaking into it.
He dictated to the length of one cylinder, Mrs.
Wallace still slept.
Next morning he woke again at six, and did
the same thing. On the third morning he woke
at three-thirty. This time he dictated the re-
mainder of the speech, which ran to three thou-
sand words. Mrs. Wallace slept on.
The Vice President still had two weeks to
spare before the speaking engagement, but the
thoughts had been simmering in his mind, and
he wanted to get them down. He wanted to say-
not in words hurriedly thrown together on the
way to New York-what he felt about fighting
the war to a finish, then making a peace that
will stick.
Some of the thoughts came from reading Pe-
trie's "Revolution and Civilization," which, like
Spengler's "Decline of the West," has greatly
influenced the Vice President's thinking. Other
thoughts came from random dinner-table con-
There was a dinner at the Soviet Embassy,
when Wallace, sitting on the right of Madame
Litvinoff, remarked: "The object of this war is
to make sure that everybody in the world has
the privilege of drinking a quart of milk a day."
Madame Litvinoff replied: "Yes, even half a
Wallace made a mental note of that, and em-
bodied it in his speech. And when the speech
was delivered in New York, the Soviet Ambassa-
dor and Madame Litvinoff were sitting by their
radio in Washington, listening. When Wallace
finished, his audience applauded heartily. Later,
Madame Litvinoff told Mrs. Wallace that the
Ambassador applauded more than any of them.
People's Revolution
The general applause to that speech is still
reverberating in Washington. Because it was
one of the most important speeches of the war.
Titled, "The Price of Free World Victory," it
was a forecast of world freedom after victory.
Wallace has turned out more words than any
other member of the Roosevelt family, including
the President. But none of his words have been
more significant than this speech before the
Free World Association in which he said: "Every-
where the common people are on the march."
It included words of dire warning to Hitler,
and also words full of meaning to the future of
imperialists, such as: "No nation will have the
God-given right to exploit other nations" . . .
"The march of freedom of the past 150 years has
been a long-drawn-out people's revolution."
But especially significant were the words:
"Those who write the peace must think of the
whole world. There can be no privileged peo-
For Wallace himself probably will have a
strong hand in writing the peace.

Enemy Aliens
Some significant things are going on behind-
the-scenes in the Justice Department. With the
savageness of a commando attack, AttorneA;
General Biddle has now launched an offensive
against all enemy agents in the U.S.A., has given
the green light to Big G-Man Hoover to move
wherever he wants.
This came after Biddle had been prodded by
the White House for dawdling. Now, however,
he has gathered large dossiers of sensational and
incontestable evidence, and it looks as if several
U.S. Fascists would end up behind the bars.
Biggest problem Biddle now faces is German
and Italian nationals along the Atlantic sea-
board. Army brasshats have been demanding
that everyone born in Germany or Italy and
still unnaturalized be moved west of the Alle-
gheny mountains. However, this would mean a
mass trek numbering perhaps a million. And
alothg the Pacific Coast, even the movement of
100,000 Japanese proved a terrific headache.
Therefore Biddle is working on the policy
of picking out the dangerous groups among
Germans and Italians, but leaving those whose

India Edit Opposed
To the Editor:
Gandhi and India's policy of non-
violent resistance, Clayton Dickey
not only proved himself unfamiliar
with the Middle Eastern political pic-
ture, but even unaware of the true
meaning of that leader's philosophy
which he sought to deprecate. If we
might indulge in Mr. Dickey's name-
calling, our first comment on his edi-
torial might well be a blanket con-
demnation of all of its superficiality
and prejudice.
But more important than any dis-
tortion of the facts, was his very
evident misconception of "non-
violent resistance." He says "a
dozen nations from Norway to
Greece stand as evidence that non-
cooperation can harass the invader
but cannot conquer." Any advo-
cate of a thorough-going pacifism
could tell Mr. Dickey that none
of these nations have even ap-
proached a position of true non-
cooperation. Though time and
space permit but short proof of
this, it is clearly demonstrated in
the highly efficient German utili-
zation of Danish and Norwegian
production facilities, staffed and
supervised, in the main, by those
peoples whom Dickey would class
along with the real pacifists of In-
While these Europeans to whom
Dickey alludes have confined their
non-cooperation to industrial sabo-
tage and "piddling" night attacks
upon German sentries, the Indian
people have openly resisted the effi-
cient British machine of colonial ex-
ploitation. Non-violent resistance has
only been tried in one instance, by
the people of India against Britain,
in which case it has worked better
than many of us like to admit.
BUT even assuming academically
the inferiority of non-violent re-
sistance in effectively combating
Japanese aggression, how can Mr.
Dickey imagine that any other course
remains for the Indian people?
Throughout the past century of Brit-
ish rule, England, in the interests of
her own safety, has so effectively
eliminated the possibilities of armed
resistance that the only weapons
India has retained are the courage
and determination of her people.
But most serious of all of Dickey's
errors is his tendency to malign
and deprecate the leaders and peo-
ples of the Eastern world. He sees
the disunity of India as an indica-
tion of the same decadence and
rottenness that characterized pre-
Nazi France, while in reality
French diversities were due to dis-
interest and apathy, India's to the
very intensity and strength of her
people's feelings.
And finally, he speaks of the "pid-
dling courage and inhumanity" of
Mohandas Gandhi. If ever a states-
man has shown fortitude and a deep
concern for his people it is Gandhi.
He has spent years in jail; he has
starved himself to the point of death
for his convictions and his country-
men. In what sense is his a "piddling
courage and inhumanity?" Surely
not in contrast to any of our fat and
satisfied Western leaders.
WE CANNOT SAY whether the
hope of the world lies in the
moral stamina of non-violent re-
sistance or in the righteous might of
the democratic nations. We cannot
say whether the pacifist or the sol-
dier holds the key to the future. But
we can certainly say that little will
be added toward the final triumph
of democracy by the smug, malignant

ignorance of Mr. Dickey's position.
Gregor Hileman
John Muehl
Program Takes Time
To the Editor:
T HE physical training program for
army eligibles approved by the
Regents Saturday will in all proba-
bility diminish the time available for
studies. Moreover, requiring four
and one half hours a week from stu-
dents who are earning part of their
expenses will work a particular hard-
ship. As conceived, the plan will al-
low for exceptions, but it is to be
hoped that if the plan is put into ac-
tion, it will be with the full realiza-
tion that the academic work must be
curtailed as a result. There may still
be much spare time among the stu-
dents as a whole, but not a few stu-
dents find the minutes of their spare
time very close to zero because of the
demands of present defense activi-
Be it understood that the plan is
directed toward a very specific prob-
lem, and is not, as many students be-
lieve, just a vague Good Thing In
General like the 12:30 curfew. The
student who is drafted will find that
the training will considerably ease
the difficulties of the army training
period. Particularly important is the
matter of promotion. College stu-
dents who by education are best fitted
to be officers, are often notavailable
for advancement because they do not
fulfill the high physical require-
ments. It is of obvious advantage to
both Army and individual to have


(Continued from Page 2).

Automobile Regulation: The fol-
lowing schedule will mark the lift-
ing of the Automobile Regulation for
students in various colleges and de-
partments of the University. Excep-
tions will not be made for individuals
who complete their work in advance
of the last day of class examinations
and all students enrolled in the fol-
lowing departments will be required
to adhere strictly to this schedule.:
School of Dentistry:
Freshman class, May 25, at 12 noon
Junior class, May 26, at 12 noon
Senior class, May 22, at 10 a.m.
Hygienists, May 25 at 4:00 p.m.
Law School:
Freshman class, May 25, at 5 p.m.
Junior class, May 26, at 12 noon
Senior class, May 26, at 12 noon.
Medical School:
Freshman class, May 26, at 12 noon
Sophompre class, May 26, at 12 noon
Junior class, May 26, at 12 noon
Senior class, May 23, at 5 p.m.
College of Architecture:
All Classes, May 26 at 12 noon
School of Business Administration:
All Classes, May 26, at 12 noon
School of Education:
All Classes, May 26, at 12 noon
College of Engineering:
All Classes, May 26, at 12 noon
School of Forestry:
All Classes, May 26, at 12 noon
Graduate School:
All classes, May 26, at 12 noon
College of L., B., & A.:
All classes, May 26, at 12 noon
School of Music:
All classes, May 26, at 12 noon
College of Pharmacy:
All classes, May 26, at 12 noon
Office of the Dean of Students
German Table for Faculty Members
will meet Monday at 12:10 p.m. in
the Founders' Room Michigan Union.
Members of all departments are cordi-
ally invited. There will be a brief
report by Mr. H. W. Nordmeyer.
All contestants for Hopwood prizes
are requested to call for their manu-
scripts at the Hopwood Room Wed-
nesday afternoon, May 20, or Thurs-
day morning, May 21. Copies of the
judges' comments on individual man-
uscripts may be obtained at the desk.
R. W. Cowden,
Director of the Hopwood Awards
All students who have won Hop-
wood prizes will be notified before
Tuesday noon.
R. W. Cowden,
Director of the Hopwood Awards
All Students, Registration for Sum-
mer Term: Each student should plan
to register for himself in the gym-
nasium during the appointed hours.
Registration by proxy will not be
Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar
Registration Material: College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts;
School of Education; School of Music;
School of Public Health. Students
should call for summer registration
materials at Room 4, University Hall,
as soon as possible. Please see your
adviser and secure all necessary sig-
Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar
Registration Material: College of
Architecture and Design. Students
should call for summer registration
materials at Room 4, University Hall,
as soon as possible. An announce-
ment will be made in the near future
by the College giving the time of
conferences with the classifiers.
Robert L illiams.

Re~g U S Pat (Ht, All Rts. Res.
"The army, navy and marines all turned me down--bad eyes!"

Academic Notices
History 120 Final Examination will
be given Wednesday, May 20, 8-10
a.m.; Room 215, Angell Hall.
- Spanish 198: The final examination
of Mr. Keniston's section will be held
in R.L. 107 on Wednesday, May 20,
at 4:10 p.m.
Education Cl Final Examination:
Tuesday, May 26, from 2:00-4:00 p.m.
Room Assignments, German I, 2,
31, 32: Friday, May 22, 1942, 10:30-
German I. All Sections: 101 Eco-
nomics Building.
German 2. Pott, Diamond, Philipp-
son: 25 Angell Hall.. Ebelke, Winkel-
man, Willey: C Haven Hall. Van
Duren, Gaiss: D Haven Hall.
German 31. All Sections: 1035 An-
gell Hall.
German 32. Van Duren: D Haven
Hall. Wahr: 301 U. Hall. Eaton: 306
U. Hall. Diamond, Graf: 2225 An-
gell Hall.
Final Examination, English I and
II, Wednesday, May 20, 8-10 a.m., as
English I
Arthos, 35 AH Bacon, 35 AH; Cal-
ver, 406 MH; Peake, 35 Al.
English II
Bader, 201 UH; Baum, W Phys Lec;
Bertram, W Phys Lec; Boys, W Phys
Lee; Copple, W Phys Lec; Engel, 305
SW; Everett, 1025 AH; Faust, 1025
AH; Fletcher, 209 AH; Fogle, 2054
NS; Garvin, 2054 NS; Green, 202 W
Phys; Greenhut, E Haven.
Haugh, 205 MH; Helm, 205 MH;
McClennen, 1025 AH; McKelvey, 205
MH; Millar, 3011 AH; O'Neill, 1121
NS; Schenk, 302 SW; Schroeder, 3056
NS; Stibbs, 2203 AH; Thein, 3209
AH; Walker, 2234 AH; Weimer, 203
UH; Weisinger, 101 Ec; Wells, 1025
Make-up examination, for unavoid-
able examination conflicts only, will
be given Friday, May 22, 7-9 p.m.,
in Rooms 25 A.H. and 1025 A.H.
Directed Teaching, Qualifying Ex-
amination: All students expecting to
elect directed teaching (Educ D100)
next semester are required to pass a
'qualifying examination in the sub-
ject which they expect to teach. This
examination will be given again on
Saturday, October 3, at 1 o'clock.
Students will meet in the auditorium
of the University High School.
Defense training course for women
in Surveying, Mapping and Photog-
rametry: A thirteen-week E.M.S.D.T.
course will be given at the Univer-
sity beginning July 6 to train women
for U.S. Government positions as En-
gineering Aid, Photogrametric and
Topographic option. Civil Service
positions beginning at $1,440 to $1,800
per year are assured to those suc-
cessfully completing the course. En-
trance requirements are two years of
college training with m4jor study in
engineering, architecture, physics,
chemistry, mathematics, forestry, or
geology. Three and one-half years
of college study in any other field
will be accepted if the applicant has
had trigonometry in high school or
college. Further information may be
obtained from Miss Ethel A. McCor-
mick, Michigan League.
Doctoral Examination for John
William Lederle, Political Science;
thesis: "The National Organization
of the Liberal and Conservative Par-
ties in Canada." Monday, May 18,
East Council Room, Rackham, 3:00
p.m. Chairman, J. K. Pollock.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doctor-
al candidates to attend these exam-
inations and he may grant permission


/ ynt y ..
r 6

By Lichty

Dominic Says

ONE of the chief problems before the psychol-
ogy of religion student and arising out of the
daily experience of each of us is that of the rela-
tion of the ideal to the direction of energy with-
in. In a helpful thesis entitled "The Thinking
Machine," Herrick pictures the young person as
"set on a trigger." He, when in good health, is
about to go off. This gives us a starting place.
Energy given, the next problem is what happens
when it pops. The reply is, an act takes place or
a series of actions result. That reply is good as
far as it goes. But what is to determine which
acts and the direction of the series?
One item may be helpful, the apparent rela-
tion of the ideal to the drives.
ONE may look upon the drives as a push of the
race or the whole life stream as from behind.
These native drives are rushing through all of
us, impelling us to action. On the other hand,
being intelligent, having the power to make cer-
tain choices, being free in a measure to select
the direction in which those actions shall move,
we can entertain ideals. That is, one can fix
attention and eventually cultivate a love for a
remote social or personal condition. Having
accomplished this, those patterns which we think
of as ideal, desirable and certain to give satis-
faction turn about and become a pull forward.
Therefore, there are three factors to be guard-

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