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May 15, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-05-15

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VOL LII. No. 171




Big Ten Track
Meet To Open;
Nine To Face
Tennis Squad Wins Four.
Matches At Columbus
To Enter Three-Way
Conference Title Race
Fishman Will Pitch
In First Encounter
Five members of the varsity cinder
squad will run their last races this
week-end for the University of Mich-
igan in the Western Conference
track and field imeet at Evanston, Ill.
The quintet of seniors, led by Cap-
tain Bud Piel includes Al Thomas,
Johnny Kautz, Bill Ackerman, and
Johnny McKean.
With Michigan one of the under-
dogs in the Conference meet, these
men are not likely to end their col-
legiate careers in a blaze of glory.
Every one of them has seen Michi-
gan teams at their best. Some of
them helped bring some track titles
to the varsity during the last three
Captain Pe ran for the Michigan
team for three years in the sprint
events. He was coming up fast until
in the end of his junior year a foot
injury cut his running short, tem-
porarily. This spring the foot re-
acted again and hindered the speedy7
captain. But during his varsity com-
petition, he figures that he did a lot
of running and a lot of traveling. In
his junior year alone he estimated a
total of 13,000 traveled mies. Of
course it was this year that the Wol-
verines sent a group of runners to
the Pacific Coast for an important
invitational meet.-1
Another fast sprinter who the'
Michigan tracs fans will miss is Al
Thomas. Coming up from Redford
High School in Detroit with a fine
running record behind him, he be-
came a mainstay to the varsity. He
ran in all of the dashes.
Middle distance runner Johnny
Turn to Page 3, Col. 1
Fishman Will Pitch
In First Encounter
Special to The Daily
CHAMPAIGN, Ill., May 14.-Mich-
igan's baseball team led by Coach
Ray Fisher and Capt. George Harms
arrived here late tonight tired after
its 350-mile trig, but it still had
enough pep to prove to the most en-
thusiastic Illini fans that the Wol-
verines are confident of knocking
the Illinois nine off in both ends of
the two-game series tomorrow and
With the Big Ten baseball race at
the halfway mark, Michigan is still
very much in the running as it is
currently tied for the lead with five
wins in six games. Whether the Var-
sity can repeat its victory of 1941
and retain the championship may be
decided during this weekend when
the Wolverines play four Conference
tilts in as many days. Monday Fish-
er's crew plays a double header
Turn to Page 3, Col. 2
Wildcats Set Pace
In Net Tournament
Special to The Daily
COLUMBUS, Ohio, May 14.-Play-
ing much as expected for one upset

defeat, Michigan's brilliant tennis
team won four of its matches here
today to enter a tight three way race
with Northwestern and Chicago for
the Conference championship.
Thesend of the day finds the Wild-
cats setting the pace wit*a seven
points followed by Chicago with 6 and
the Wolverines with 4. Illinois is also
among the leaders with five points
but is not considered a serious con-
The Wolverines won three singles
and one doubles match in gaining
Turn to Page 3, Col. 4
Glee Club Award
For Notable Work
Given To Farrand
For his outstanding work as a
member of the Varsity Men's Glee
Club, John Farrand, '42, was pre-
sented with the new Paul Taylor
Award at the annual banquet of the
club, which was held yesterday in
the Union.
The executive committee also an-
nounced the appointment of James

Martinique May Disarm
Three French Warships
Island Government Agrees To Immobilization Of Ships
In Caribbean Harbors As Concession To U.S.

Russians Hurl Gigantic Offensive
Against German-Held Kharkov;

WASHINGTONhMay 14.-()-As
a concession to the United States,
the government at Martinique has
agreed to immobilize three French
warships at anchor in French col-
onial Caribbean harbors.
This was reported today in respon-
sible quarters, which added that dis-
cussions . were continuing on other
points involved in this government's
request that effective steps be taken
to keep the French possessions from
becoming a menace to the United
Aircraft Carrier
The warships in question are the
aircraft carrier Bearn and the cruiser
Emile Bertin, at Martinique, and the
cruiser Jeanne d'Arc at nearby Guad-
aloupe. French Guiana, on the
(Naval Hleroes
Of Coral Sea
return Silent
First Casualties Of Battle
Land Without Applause
At Port In Australia
SYDNEY, Australia, Friday, May
15.-(A)-The men who fought the
battle of the Coral Sea for the Allies
have landed at an Australian port,
The first casualties of the battle,
which may have been the greatest
since Jutland, were taken in Army
ambulances to an Allied hospital
many miles inland.
No one was permitted to welcome
the returning heroes except the hos-
pital staff. Some walked only with
assistance. Others were borne on
stretchers. Two were carried in,
swathed in bandages. Others were
shielded only in blankets. Some
showed evidence of severe burns.
It was a slow, sad procession.
These men were all heroes. They
had fed the guns in battle and served
below decks during the cannonade.
One man waved his left arm, his
only unbandaged limb, at a group of
hospital nurses on a balcony.
The first intimation that the sailors
who had fought the battle were
ashore leaked out in a hotel where
three sailors drank silently and then
broke their glasses deliberately.
"What did you do that for," asked
the hotel keeper.
"You'd better go away. We're toast-
ing comrades who did not come back."
Nothing more was said.
Army-Navy Relief Drive
Begins With Minute Talks
Minute men speakers of the na-
tion and of Ann Arbor began the
Army-Navy Relief Drive last night
with 60-second talks in over 14,000
theatres throughout the country.
Dr. Glenn E. Mills, of the speech
department, was Ann Arbor minute
man last night as he spoke before
three Ann Arbor shows in a plea to
raise money for our armed forces.
These talks are part of a six-day
experimental plan during which 33
speakers will cover all local theatres.

Nazis Gain

South American mainland, is also
involved in the discussions.
Presumably, the immobilization of
the warships would involve such steps
as the removal of ammunition, fuel
or essential machinery parts which
could not be readily replaced. Exactly
how it might be done was not made
Still to be settled apparently, was
the future status of some 140,000 tons
of French merchant ships and tank-
ers. It is reported that orders have
been issued by Vi'chy that they be
scuttled rather than yielded to the
This government, however, has re-
peatedly made it clear that, so far as
it is concerned, Vichy's attitude has
no bearing whatsoever on the current
negotiations. The United States has
frankly taken the attitude that under
Pierre Laval, the Vichy government
will do its utmost to promote the
Axis cause.
Consequently, all discussions have
been pursued with Admiral Georges
Robert, the French High Commis-
sioner at Martinique, and any consul-
tation with Vichy has been pointedly
Probable Strength
With the immobilization of three
French warships, Vichy's probable
naval strength now includes four
battleships, 11 cruisers, two aircraft
carriers, .50 destroyers and 60 sub-
Former size of the French fleet was
indicated in Free French representa-
tive Dr. Boris Eliacheff's recent re-
port that the Free French Navy had
taken over 100 army transports, a
number of tankers and 40 warships-
15 of which were in the South Pa-
In addition to Eliacheff's an-
nouncement was the Russian Tass
News Agency's recent report that a
total of 40 warships which were be-
ing built at the time of the armistice
had been turned over to the Ger-
mans by the French. Although the
French denied this, it was suspected
that the Germans would regard in-
completed ships as spoils of war, us-
able at will.
Motorists Get
Ration Cards
Eastern Plans Will Extend
To Northwestern States
almost 10,000.000 eastern automobile
owners made ready to go under card
rationing of gasoline tomorrow, with
non-essential automobiles "allowed
only three gallons a week, this rigid
curtailment system was extended to-
night to the Pacific Northwest, to be
effective June 1.
Meanwhile, assurance came' from
Petroleum Coordinator Ickes that


Kereb Peninsula

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London sources regarded the German drive on Kerch as the first move of a grand three-day offensive
in which 2,000,000 Nazis would try to conquer the oil-rich Caucasus by attacking in force southeast from
Kharkov (1)--this drive backfired into a counter-at tack by the Russians; throwing another army from
Taganrog to Rostov (2); and taking the Caucasus defenses of Rostov from the rear after smashing Russian
resistance on the Kerch Peninsula (3).

Jap Columns
Continue Drive
In Hard Fight
Advance Up Burma Road
Slices Deep Into China-
British Retreating West
CHUNGKING, China, May 14.-(AP)
-Heavily engaged yet still advanc-
ing through China's back door, Jap-
anese columns fought farther up the
dizzy, twisting heights of the Burma
Road today and, to the west, threat-
ened the historic caravan route city'
of Tengyueh.
One invading column had branched
from the main route to assault Ten-
gyueh, ancient treaty port of entry
for this little-known corner of Free
China; the other, despite grievous
casualties, was pushing northeast
from Lungling, itself 100 miles in-
side China, along the Burma Road
in the area where it climbs to 7,500
feet through the Kaolikung Moun-
tains, then plunges crazily for 5,000
feet to the Salween or Lu River.
Salween Bridges
The Chinese said they had de-
stroyed the Salween bridges and were
holding the east bank in strength.
Paoshan, east of the Salween and
halfway to the Mekong, still was in
their hands.
Of the situation at Tengyueh, how-
ever, it was stated only that heavy
fighting was raging. Tengyueh is
on the old caravan trail from Burma
to China, 100 miles east of Japanese-
occupied Bhamo in Burma and 50
miles west of Paoshan.
Burma Road
The Japanese still on the Burma
Road itself captured Taochi and
pushed on toward Hungmushu, west
of the Salween.
(Across upper Burma to the west,
the remnant of the roughly-handled
British Imperial Armies, after a gal-
lant counter-attack in the midst of
their tragic retreat, apparently were
on the point of escape across India's
Assam border.)

Treasury Asks
For Minimum
Income Taxes
WASHINGTON, May 14.-(P)--A
proposal to put a minimum $5 tax on
every person who must file an in-
come taxreturn, including millions
who otherwise would be non-tax-
able, came today from Secretary
Morgenthau of the Treasury.
The new plan apparently started
out with strong support. Morgen-
thau said it had the backing of Sen-
ator George (Dem.-Ga.), chairman
of the Senate Finance Comm~iittee,
which is the Senate's tax group.
Proposal's Details
While details of the proposal re-
mained to be worked out the Secre-
tary said that it was desirable both
to reimburse the Treasury for the
cost of handling income ta~x returns
and also might raise as much as
$100,000,000 of additional revenue to
finance the war program.
Actually, Treasury officials said, it
costs only an average of 50 cents to
handle a non-taxable income tax
return and about $1.50 to handle the
taxable returns.
$5 Minimum
If adopted, the plan will mean a
levy of $5 or possibly more on nearly
every employed person in the low in-
come brackets. Under tentative
schedules of personal- exemptions
adopted yesterday by the House Ways
and Means Committee, returns would
be reqired of all single persons earn-
ing $9.60 a week and all family heads
making $23 or more per week. The
House Committee, modifying a pre-
vious Treasury suggestion, voted to
cut the exemptions from $750 to $500
for single persons and from $1,500
to $1,200 for family heads, while
leaving the $400 credit for depend-
ents unchanged.

Army To Run
All Air Lines
Non-Essential Air Service
To Be Drastically Cut
WASHINGTON, May 14.-(P)-Ac-
tual- operation or control of all dom-
estic air line., planes will be taken,
over by the Army on instructions of
President Roosevelt, it was an-
nounced today.
Disclosing the sweeping wartime
steps, the War Department said pas-
senger and air mail service would be
sharply curtailed but, for the time
being, about half of the more thah
300 commercial transport planes
would continue commercial opera-
tions on scheduled routse. Planes
continuing commercial schedules will
be subject to orders at any time to
undertake emergency military mis-
"All routes and services not re-
garded as essential to the war pro-
gram will be terminated," the War
Department said.
The announcement said the new
order was "about to be put ipto
effect" but gave no date.
Bomber Plant Is Here
To Stay, Foley Says
"It is fantastic to assume that a
great, modern plant like Willow Run
will remain idle in peace-time," said
Raymond M. Foley, State Director of
the Federal Housing Administration
yesterday, rapping fears that Cherry
Hills Housing project would become
a "ghost town" after the war.
Foley, speaking before the 19th
annual Adult Education Institute
here, said the plant probably would
"turn to a giant civilian airplane

, I


there was no immediate prospect of
broadening motor fuel rationing to
other areas, unless the Government
decided this should be done to save
Car owners formed long lines at
schools and other registration places
today, in a last minute rush to get
their cards ahead of the rationing
deadline at midnight.

CIO States NLRB Hearings
Called In Local LaborDispute

lingeredreven there. One dispatch
said a river was flooded five miles
wide, hampering Russian supply
problems. The Red Army was using
pontoons to bridge the flood.
Airmen Active
But the most vital Red action was
the drive on Kharkov. After fight-
ing a five-month retreat at the be-
ginning of the war, the Rusians hurl-
ed the Germans back in their big
winter offensive and now have had
the advantage of choosing their own
spring offensive target-Kharkov, a
A supplementary Russian com-
munique reported that Red airmen
on Wednesday destroyed or damaged
120 Nazi tanks on various sectors' of
the front. This arinouncement did
not make clear whether this was in
addition to the 150 tanks knocked out
on the Kharkov front.
The airmen also reported destroy
ing 120 German trucks in their
swoops on the long Nazi supply lines.
In the Northwest "severe losses"
were inflicted on the Germans, the
communique said, and one single So-
viet unit killed more than 4,000 Nazis.
in a 10-day operation.
Russian Attacks At Kerch
Admitted By Germans
BERLIN (from German broad-
casts), May 14.-(R)- A German
High Command spokesman asserted
tonight that the Russian forces em-
battled at Kerch had begun counter-
attacking on a line 13 miles west of
that important eastern Crimean
town, and northwvd on the Donets
front the Soviet troops were declared
attacking strongly with tanks.
The Red Army's counter-attacks
at Kerch were launched along the
"Tartar Ditch," an old line of fortifi-
cations. The spokesman said that so
far all these counter-thrusts had
failed and that German and Ruman-
ian troops had forced their way
across the old line in a continuation
of their week-old offensive.
Earlier the High Command in its
daily communique said of the Kerch
front that "pursuit of the beaten en-
emy is being relentlessly continued."
University Band To Give
Pops Concert Sunday

Ann Arbor's first NLRB hearing,
called to settle charges that the
American Broach and Machine Com-
pany "has discriminated against and
fired 10 workers," has been scheduled
for May 28, according to James Mor-
gan, international representative of
the UAW-CIO.
Asserting that "the company has
aided financially and otherwise the
American Broach Benefit Associa-
tion, making it a company union, and
has interfered with the democratic
rights of workers to organize," Mor-
gan claimed that production at the
plantis still "way below the maxi-
mum" because of the firing of CIO
Charges of company unionism and
dicrimination have also been filed
against Hoover Ball & Bearing Co.,
International Industries Inc. and the
Economy Baler Co. NLRB represen-
tatives are investigating those con-
cerns with an eye to including them
in the May 28 hearing.
Francis J. Lapointe, president of
American Brnch again refused tn

state all workers who had been fired
for CIO activity and promised in
good faith to divorce the American
Benefit Association from the com-
pany. It was to be dibanded, and was
no longer to be recognized as repre-
senting the employes.
"But instead, they have refused to
rehire all but one of the men, and
have signed a contract with the As-
sociation recognizing it as the plant
"We asked the immediate rein-
statement of the men who had been
fired," Morgan continued, "and
wanted wages to be raised to a sta-
tus equal to that in other machine
shops in the locality. We also de-
manded that the company union be
disbanded and that a general elec-
tion be held.
"The Benefit Association claimed
that it was a legal union and that
no wage increase was indicated or
should be granted."
The dispute between the CIO and
the American Broach management
came on the heels of the greatest or-
ganization drive ever staged in Ann

Exiled French Cabinet Member
CallsFor Aid To Underground


The Mexican Government, in a
note addressed to Germany, Italy
and Japan, tonight demanded
complete satisfaction and a guar-
antee of damage reparations" by
May 28 for the sinking of the 7,500-
ton Mexican tanker Portrero del
Llano, recently, threatening other-
wise to "take a position in accord-
ance with Mexican traditions."
* * *
tralia, Friday, May 15.-(IP)--Gen-
eral MacArthur's Headquarters
announced today that Allied planes
had attacked Japanese shipping
vac.rd.v a uRnsa.. New Brianin.

"More dynamic action" in the way
of substantial physical and moral aid
to the underground movements of
Europe was called for yesterday by
Pierre Cot, Air Minister of the last
cabinet of the Third French Repub-
lic, before a Kellogg Foundation aud-
Cot, who was presented under the
auspices of the Division of Social
Sciences, referred to Vice-President
Wallace's statement that this is a
people's war and asked that the
peace be "the peace of the common
"If we want to win this war, we
must deserve to win it," he declared.
Terming the Atlantic Charter a
"document of diplomats," Cot stated
that the conauered peoples need

to the underground workers. He tes-
tified this by branding the Vichy
government as a "government of
traitors" and declared that "against
dictatorship and tyranny rebellion is
not only a right but a duty.
"It is impossible to expect success-
ful revolutions, but it is possible to
expect more uprisings, more riots and
rebellions,",.he said.
The former French executive
pointed out that an organized upris-
ing in France and North America
now might well cripple Hitler's spring
offensive drive in Russia.. He esti-
mated that a French rebellion alone
would divert as many as 30 divisions
of crack German troops from the
Russian front.
Asked to compare the state of
Amerina at war with France before

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