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By TOM THUMB
IT'S AMAZING how many of us haven't the we've GOT to win. When a fireman comes to
slightest idea what war is. rescue you from a burning house, you don't ask
But it's obvious that some people think it's him his religion.
just a game, played ,with chessmen, and when THAT FRESHMAN STAFF TRYOUT is an iso-
it's all over we'll just set 'em up again for an- lAT YE M STA d ThOm an on
gated example. You find them all over, on
other game. They don't realize that this game campus, in the faculty, in Ann Arbor, in the
is for keeps. State, in the Country and all over the world.
Or, if they do realize it, then they must be But those tactics don't win a war. They lose a
out-and-out for the oilher side. At present, I war. And they're going to lose this one for us if
am thinking in particular of an editorial a we're not careful.
freshman on The Daily tryout staff handed in
for publication. In itself, it is but one person's There is a difference between treasonous ob-
structionism and freedom of criticism. Obstruc-
opinion, but as indicative of a trend it shows toimhclstewrefr ihpasic-
well, I believe, the attitude of large proportions tionism heckles the war effort with plans c-
of our population. dental to our losing the war, to a negotiated
The proposed editorial begins: "Westbrook peace, toward creating disunity in our war ef-
Pegler stated in a recent column, 'If our side fort. Free criticism strives to make our country
wins the war, Russia will plan the peace of the the epitome of the freedom which it is fighting
European continent... .a peace not much differ- to preserve. Democratic reforms can and should
ent from that which Hitler has imposed on be made during wartime. We must have as near
Poland'." a complete equality as possible. This must be
This student editorial is one undeniable bit of everybody's war-when someone feels that he
proof of the power that the words of such is left out, then it becomes an "unpopular war,"
haters and disunifiers as Pegler, spewing such like the one the freshman describes. The Presi-
defeatism, wield. dent can't fight a war alone, nor can the work-
ers, or the employers, or the tailors, or the vege-.
THE EDITORIAL WRITER states later: "Rus- tarians. We must be bound by a spirit of good-
sia alone blocks the way to a just peace. Were will which comes only with equality.
it not for her, the United States and Britain It is not treason to advocate the abolition
would be unhindered in providing the long- of the poll tax and the racial discrimination in
sought permanent peace." I might add, Were it the armed forces. It is not treason to ask the
not for her the Nazis would be bombing our limitation of incomes to prevent inflation and
factories and looting American cities, or, Were to aid the war effort.
it not for her we should almost certainly lose But it IS treason for a company to refuse to
the war. discontinue a cartel agreement which is aiding
The writer continues: 'A war with Russia wil the enemy. It IS treason to exclude Negroes
not be popular." You said a mouthful there, from regular service in the Navy. It IS treason
buddy. And we all know that a democracy could to tell lies in the public press, therefore inspiring
never fight an "unpopular" war, and of course others to parrot the fibs and undermine our
it could never hope to win one. There must be c
the spirit and the will to win.
Further, the writer explains: "Just because AS I SAID BEFORE, some people just can't
Russia is also fighting the Axis does not alter realize that we're at war. They don't realize
the situation. In these days of non-existing that this may be America's last death-agony, or
international morals, a nation must be com- it may herald a rebirth of a greater freedom.
pietely without scruples to survive. A war with And they don't realize that they themselves may
Russia might be called a stab in the back. We swing the pendulum either way.
need no excuses. We can only say that it is a They can yell "Remember Pearl Harbor" and
necessary stab. "Keep 'em Flying" till their lungs bleed and they
"Since the American people will undoubtedly won't realize it. They can spend 10 -- 20 -- 50
oppose such a war with Russia, it will be neces- percent of their salaries on war bonds and they
sary to put them in a frame of mind favorable won't believe it. They can give up their scraps
to such a war. It is Mr. Roosevelt's avowed duty and their raincoats and their overshoes and their
to so prepare them. It is almost too late to cars and still they won't believe it.
begin." Nowhere in this editorial does the writer Not until they get the usual "We deeply regret
even seem to give a damn whether we win the that your son . . . " telegrams, will some of
war or not. True, he just assumes an Allied vic- them believe it.
tory. The rest of them will refuse to believe it
But WE CAN'T JUST ASSUME now. We're until Hitler dictates the peace terms in the
in danger. It's not: we're going to win, but: White House.
NIdHT EDITOR: CLAYTON DICKEY
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Must Be Eliminated . .
N SPITE OF federal legislation-
especially the Interstate Commerce
Act-to eliminate discrepancies in interstate
trade, there have always been obstacles to the
free flow of trade between the various states.
State legislatures have in many cases passed
laws to help the commerce of their own state
at the expense of other states. Most of this is,
of course, due to the influence in our state capi-
tals of the business, commercial and sometimes
farm or labor interests,
In a time of total war such barriers are not
only selfish but extremely harmful from the
national standpoint. Such a mechanized strug-
gle as this demands the most favorable condi-
tions possible for interstate commerce.
We cannot marshall all our industrial forces
to the huge extent that is necessary for the
carrying on of the war if we have barriers to
the free flow of commerce within our own na-
tions. We have enough enemies beyond our
borders without cutting each others' throats.
OUR STATE LEGISLATURES and the inter-
ests which prompted such barriers are indeed
naive if they think that in the long run they
are gaining by restricting trade so as to help
them at the present moment. Their selfish poli-
cies may net them a few more dollars now, but
the harm done to the nation and the war effort
may in the long run be catastrophic both to them
and to America as a whole.
Joseph B. Eastman, national director of de-
fense transportation. has asked that the states
remove these barriers. If they do not, it will
be up to the federal government to force them
to do so.o .Irving Jaffe
To THE EDITOR
Bomber City Opposed
To the Editor:
May I suggest that Hale Champi-
on's editorial of this (Saturday)
morning's Daily, ridiculing opposi-
tion to the government's proposed
housing plan in the Cherry Hill dis-
trict, though academically clever, is
somewhat lacking in information.
Perhaps there are politicians who
fear an influx of Democratic votes;
perhaps some realtors are unduly
concerned with property values. But
there are other reasons for opposi-
tion to the plan as now proposed-
which is the only opposition the city
The sewage from 6,000 houses can-
not be disposed of through septic
tanks without grave danger to the
whole surrounding area.
If a sewage system is installed
which merely pours raw sewage into
the Huron River, the health of every
community near the lower river will
be jeopardized and riparian property
values greatly diminished.
If a modern disposal plant is built,
the cost will be far beyond anything
contemplated in the government's
Moreover, if the housing is truly
necessary at all, it is needed prompt-
ly. Is it conceivably likely that under
existing conditions a city of 6,000
houses, with a sewer system and dis-
posal plant, could be constructed in
time to meet that need? The disrup-
tion of labor conditions, if it were
attempted, would be appalling.
Where, for example, would be housed
the swarming builders of housing for
the builders of bombers? Whence
would come the laborers on housing
for other laborers already said to be
difficult to find? Yet if the work
were not done speedily, with more
labor than the locality itself can
provide, it would not be done until
the need was also done.
I need not take space to elaborate
other insufficiencies in the plan pro-
posed. How are those thousands to
get safely across the railroad? Un-
derpass? Overpass? Or does not the
government care? Here again, if any-
thing is to be done, the time element
intrudes-as it intrudesnalso when
one thinks of pavements necessary
for a city of 6,000 houses, of stores,
of schools, of all the feet-on-the-
ground, practical details of a habit-
People who oppose what the gov-
ernment so vaguely proposesare self-
interested, of course, but not neces-
sarily beyond the point of taxpayers
and dwellers in the community who
believe that the proposal as made is
a menace to the health of the com-
munity, as well as a serious inter-
ference with more practical and more
expeditious solutions of the problem
- John Barker Waite
Answer To Prof. Waite I
Professor Waite's added objections
to the Cherry Hill project are not
valid as we understand the govern-
ment proposition. There is no inten-
tion of dumping sewage into the
Huron River, and the federal hous-
ing authority has never yet polluted
an area into which it has moved. It
seems that the authority is intelli-
gent enough to include sanitary engi-
neers on its payrolls.
Professor Waite also speaks of the
time element. It seems to us simple
logic that the erection of 6,000 dwell-
ings in one place is far superior to
its alternative, building them every
which way at added costs of from
$600 to $1,000. A concentrated town
would require far less time and com-
plexity of effort than the scattered
building of the equivalent housing
elsewhere. Of course, there are al-
Let's remember that insufficient
housing within reasonable transpor-
tation distance of Willow Run is an
admitted fact, in other words, that
the houses will have to be built
somewhere. Once that is established,
it is easily seen that no matter how
or where the houses are constructed
there must be a certain disruption of
labor. That applies to building
'bomber city' or Ypsilanti's Michigan
Ave. shack town.
As to the housing of builders, Pro-
fessor Waite, the same reasoning ap-
plies. You'll have to house the extra
builders no matter where you build
the houses; so if there's going to be
a lot of trouble, let's make the trou-
ble worth it.
The other government insufficien-
cies which you so blithely pass over
I do not know. I know only that if
an underpass is needed, it will be
built; if an overpass is needed, it will
be built. I think you assume too much
that the government is still on a
PWA basis or rather a WPA basis.
' They know what they need, and
they're getting it. No petty Wash-
tenaw County opposition-no matter
what the cause-is going to stop it.
We're doing things in a big way these
days and we might just as well get
used to it. After all, it's not just big,
Maybe the present plan is not per-
fect, but it's the closest to being big
enough, good enough, and lasting
enough. These aren't the good old
days. We're doing things a bit differ-
ently now. And 60,000 of something
"IA ONLY BEING PATRIOTIC. If W DONWT GO TO THE
t CAN SPEND MY !MONEY IN SAVIN4GS STAMP!
I . "
Co'ntributed IN the American .SocietV of .Magazine Cartoonis~ts.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
That 1,100 pastors in a Scandinavian country
are restating their Christian belief and insisting
upon serving their congregations with a worship
and a message untainted by totalitarian ideas
is very revealing. It was the Lutheran people
who, as German Christians, allowed the state,
as such, to go unmolested so long as Church
and Bible were kept free. This religious laissez-
faire was supposed to have weakened the na-
tion. Evidently many Lutheran leaders both in
Germany and in Scandinavian countries kept
moral courage alive and interpretation definite.
The report by Dr. William Paton entitled
"Continental Christianity in War Time" records
that recently in western Germany, fifty young
men, though not recognized by the "official"
church, were ordained to preach. They are to
be supported by unofficial "collections." This
means far more in Germany where establish-
ment has prevailed than in American where we
have had two centuries of experience at reli-
gion supported by gifts. Of course, there is a
great falling off of Christian leadership, the
number of theological students in Germany hav-
ing dropped from the formal annual enrollment
of 2,500 to 400 this year.
Count von Galen, Catholic Bishop of Munster,
according to a reliable report, preached a series
of sermons in August, 1941, pointing out that
the Gestapo is "disrupting the unity of the na-
tion and justice is being abolished." Those ser-
mons place this Bishop in the rank of Pastor
Niemoeller, who has been confined to a concen-
tration camp at Dachau for many months, be-
cause of 'his insistence upon freedom to offer
ministerial leadership to his people without di-
rect dictation from the Minister of Propaganda.
In these incidents, we have some indication of
the contrast. The religious leaders in England
and the United States are in a very different
case. Ordained men in this country, while asked
to register and to fill the posts of Chaplaincy
in all the divisions of the armed forces, are not
subject to the Selective Service Act. Conscien-
tious objectors are provided either non-com-
batant assignments or permitted to serve in
camps of objectors.
For most people, the major issue is the prac-
tical one of how to teach religion during a war
epoch: Chaplains in the camps have just sent
regular reports under the caption, "The Guard-
ians of Freedom" and all ministers are being,
asked to keep in touch with the Chaplains so
that every man in the service may have personal
attention. Also, the United Service Organiza-
tion-a combination of several religious agen-
cies, Catholic, Jewish and Protestant, with the
aid of the government-has developed both
housing of these activities and personnel for
leadership. The work, after some hesitation at
first, is progressing admirably at the present
Hence, the debatable issues so nobly faced
by many clergymen abroad must be met daily
in Democratic countries, but within a frame of
reference based upon the Anglo-Saxon theory
.-f justice by courts.
- Edward W. Blakeman,
D~ies Family On The Payroll
Representative Martin Dies has received a lot
of publicity on his investigation of un-American-
ism, but he has received no publicity regarding
the fact that members of his family are on the
May 12, 13, and 14. in Room 222 Westo
Engineering Bldg., 1:00-5:00 p.m. 1
Payments must be completed on allI
orders at this time. This is the only
time announcements will be distrib-
uted. There are none for sale as
only enough to fill previous orders
are available. P
The University Bureau of Appoint-n
ments and Occupational Informatione
has received notice of the followingt
Civil Service Examinations. Lasti
date for filing application is noted
in each case:
Detroit Civil ServiceI
Stableman (Male), salary $1,584I
per year, May 12, 1942.
Institutional Attendant (Male),
salary $1,518 per year, May 11, 1942.
Complete announcements on file
at the Bureau, 201 Mason Hall. Office
hours: 9-12 and 2-4.f
Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information t
Physics Colloquium on Monday,
May 11, at 4:15 p.m. in Room 1041
Randall Laboratory. Professor R. T.
Liddicoat of the Department of En-
gineering Mechanics will speak on
"A Problem in Analytical Dynamics."
Zoology Seminar on Thursday, May
14, at 7:30 p.m. in the Amphitheater
of the Rackham Building. Reports1
by Mr. Jack S. Dendy on "The Fate
of Animals in Stream Drift When
Carried into Lakes" and Mr. Ross
Hardy on "Soils and Mammalian Dis-
tribution in Southwestern Utah,.
Chemistry 85E: The 9 o'clock dis-
cussion section will take the blue-
book Monday in room 1042 East En-
M. 11. Gillette
Doctoral Examination for William
Marvin Hoad, Economics; thesis:
"Real Estate Prices; a Study of Resi-
dential Real Estate Transfers in
Lucas County, Ohio." Monday,. May
11, West Council Room, Rackham,
4:00 p.m. Chairman, W. A. Paton.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doctor-
al candidates to attend the examina-
tion and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
mnight wish to be r ~esent.
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination for Malai
1-uvananciana Political Science;
thesis: "A Study of Certain -Aspects
of the Australian Labour Party."
Monday, May 11, East Council Room,
Rackham. 3:00 p.m. Chairman, J.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doctor-
al candidates to attend the examina-
tion and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Carillon Concert: For the recital
at 7:15 this evening, Professor
Percival Price, University Caril-
lonneur, has arranged a program
of Australian airs, compositions for
carillon by Alexander Burnard and
John Gordon, and British and Ameri-
can airs which are popular in the
land "down under." Complete pro-
grams of the entire spring series of
recitals on the Baird Memorial Car-
illon are obtainable in the lobby of
Burton Tower and the office of the
School of Music.
The regular Tuesday Evening ge-
.corded Concert in the Men's Lounge
of the Rackham Building at 8:00 p.m.
will be as follows:
Bach: Toccatas and Fugues for
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7, in A
Bach, Franck, Leach, Widor and
Karg-Elert in his recital at 8:30 p.m.
on Wednesday, May 13, in the Pres-
byterian Church, Washtenaw Avenue.
The public is cordially invited.
The Ann Arbor Art Association
presents its Nineteenth Ann Arbor
Artists Exhibition May 1 through
May 13, 2-5 afternoons and 7-10
evenings, daily, except Sundays, in
the galleries of the Rackham Build-
Thirteenth Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture in the Concourse of the
Michigan League Building. Open
daily until after Commencement.
University Lecture: Dr. Carol Ar-
onovici, Director of the Columbia
University Housing Study, will lec-
ture on "New Concepts of Commun-
ity Planning in Theory and Practice"
at 4:15 p.m., Monday, May 11, in the
Rackham Lecture Hall under the
auspices of the College of Architec-
ture and Design and the Depart-
ment of Sociology. The public is
University Lecture: M. Pierre Cot,
former member of the French Cabi-
net, will lecture on the subject "The
Present Situation of France," under
the auspices of the Division of Social
Science, on Thursday, May 14, at
4:15 p.m. in the Kellogg Foundation
Institute Auditorium. The public is
William J. Mayo Lecture: Dr. R. K.
Ghormley of the Mayo Clinic, Roches-
ter, Minnesota, will give the William
J. Mayo Lecture on Friday, May 22,
in the Hospital Amphitheatre at 1:30
p.m. The title of his presentation
will be "A Clinical Pathological Study
of Back Pain."
Lecture: Professor Peter J. W. De-
bye, Chairman of the Department of
Chemistry, Cornell University, and
Nobel Prize winner (1936), will lec-
ture on the subject, "The Coagulation
of Colloids", sponsored by the Amer-
ican Chemical Society, on Tuesday,
May 12, at 4:15 p.m. in Room 303
Chemistry Building. The public is
Graduate Outing Club will meet
today to arrange for the summer
program. It is important that all
members and prospective members
who will be here this summer attend
this meeting, since the club facilities
will not be available if the club is
not organized. This meeting will be
held regardless of weather in the
clubrooms, northwest door of Rack-
ham Building at 2:30 p.m. If the
weather is favorable, the group will
hike to Third-Sister Lake. Small
charge for supper.
Junior Mathematics Club will meet
Wednesday, May 13, at 8:00 p.m. in
3201 Angell Hall. Plans for next
semester will be made and the Mount
Pleasant trip discussed. Anyone in-
terested is invited and refreshments
will be served.
Mathematics Club will meet on
Tuesday, May 12, at 8:00 p.m., in the
West Conference Room, Rackham
Building. Mr. Samuel Kaplan will
speak on "Homologies in Metric Sep-
arable Spaces," and Professor Carver
will speak on "Air Navigation Rou-
Varsity Glee Club: All members in
good standing are invited to the an-
nual banquet to be held in the Michi-
gan Union, Thursday, May 14, at
6:15 p.m. Final refund of music de-
positsvwillnbem adetues ustfoc
SESTERDAY'S final two concerts of the May
Festival series brought two changes in pro-
gram policy, one of which, the omission of the
concertized opera on the closing night, has been
sorely needed for years, the other, one for which
we can see absolutely no justification from any
standpoint. The afternoon program was all-
Rachmaninoff, and just why the traditional all-
Brahms program should have been omitted this
year in deference to the former composer is
difficult to perceive. The program opened with
the symphonic poem, "The Isle of the Dead,"
this was followed by the Symphonic Dances, Op.
45, and closed with Mr. Rachmaninoff himself
playing his SeconcQ Piano Concerto, in C minor.
The Symphonic Dances, though of tremendous
eclat and brilliance, and containing moments Qf
real beauty of melodic line, are pretty sterile
throughout from a musical standpoint. We sat
through page after page of furious scraping of
catgut and pounding of pigskin which, when all
was over, meant little and accomplished less.
If. as the program notes stated, Mr. Rachmanin-
melodic invention. But there is lacking through-
out a treatment of thematic material which gives
continuity and meaning to the music. Mr. Or-
mandy read all the works, particularly the first,
with a balance of color, a definition of melodic
line and a graduation of dynamics and intensity
which made all of them really better than they
are; in the hands of a lesser conductor and or-
chestra this music coud become pathetic.
And so we ask, perhaps somewhat wistfully,
"Why not stick to Brahms?"
The evening program opened with, Mr. Or-
mandy's transcription of the Bach C major Pre-
lude, Intermezzo and Fugue. This fine transcrip-
tion realized fully the linear contrast and de-
lineation and the orchestration, as well as being
technically good, retained a unit of mood and
continuity of the line.
So sublime and truly magnificent was the
reading of the great Beethoven Ninth Sym-
phony by Mr. Ormandy, the Philadelphia Or-
chestra, University Choral Union and the solo-
ists that a technical discussion or appraisal of