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May 08, 1942 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-05-08

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ZIA 'oun

THlE MICHIGAN DAILY

'

I.brl~ t *idpgn &n

Race, Religion And Prejudice
By MRS. ELEANOR ROOSEVELT
(Reprinted from The New Republic)

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.00, by mail $5.00.
RAPRENTRO FOR NATIONAL AW~ERT1311NG BY
National Advertising Service, hinc
%:College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAO . BosroN . Los ANGtLES . SAN FRAWCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press,.1941-42
Editorial Staff

Homer Swander
Morton Mintz .
Will Sapp
Charles Thatcher. .
George W. Saluad) .
Bernard Hendel
Myron Dann. .
Barbara deFries
Busi,
Edward J. Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg
Mary Lou Curran
Jane Lindberg .
James Daniels .

Managing Editor
. . Editorial Director
City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. . . Sports Editor
* Associate Sports Editor
Women's Editor
mess Staff
Business Manager
Associate Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Publications Sales Analyst

ADAME CHIANG KAI-SHEK'S recent arti-
cles force us all to realize that one of the
phases of this war which we have to face is the
question of race discrimination.
We have had a definite policy toward the
Chinese and Japanese who wished to enter our
country for many years, and I doubt very much
if after this war is over we can differentiate
among the peoples of Europe, the Near East and
the Far East.
Perhaps the simplest way of facing the pirob-
lem in the future is to say that we are fighting
for freedom, and that one of the freedoms we
must establish is freedom from discrimination
among the peoples of the world, either be-
cause of race, or of color, or of religion.
The people of the world have suddenly begun
to stir and they seem to feel that in the future
we should look upon each other as fellow beings,
judged by our acts, by our abilities, by our devel-
opment, and not by any less fundamental differ-
ences.
H ERE IN OUR OWN COUNTRY we have any
number of attitudes which have become hab-
its and which constitute our approach to the
Jewish people, the Japanese and Chinese people,
the German people, the Italian people, a d above
all, to the Negro people in our midst.
Perhaps because the Negroes are our largest
Drew P&sos
~obetS.Ales~"
WASHINGTON-Behind the President's at-
long-last announcement that he will coordinate
the government's far-flung information agen-
cies, is one of the worst administrative messes in
Washington. The hodgepodge has needed
cleaning up for months.
Here is the roll call of agencies which distrib-
ute news for the government:
OGR, or Office of Government Reports.
COL, or Office of the Co-Ordinator of Infor-
mation, better known as the Donovan Committee.
OFF, or Office of Facts and Figures. The War
Censorship Board.
OCIA, or Office of the Co-Ordinator of Inter-
American Affairs, better known as the Rocke-
feller Committee.
The huge, sprawling Press Division of the
OEM (Office of Emergency Managemeub.
Also the press bureaus of the War and Navy
departments, the U.S. Maritime Commission and
practically every other independent agency in
the government.
All of these operate with little or no inter-
relation; result, a bedlam of overlapping, work-
ing at cross purposes, bureaucratic jealousies,
bungling and inefficiency.

minority, our attitude towards them will have
to be faced first of all. I keep on repeating that
the way to face this situation is by being com-
pletely realistic. We cannot force people to ac-
cept friends for whom they have no liking, but
living in a democracy it is entirely reasonable to
demand that every citizen of that democracy
enjoy the fundamental rights of a citizen.
Over and over again, I have stressed the rights
of every citizen:
Equality before the law.
Equality of education.
Equality to hold a job according to his abil-
ity.
Equality of participation through the ballot
in the government.
These are inherent rights in a democracy, and
I do not see how we can fight this war and deny
these rights to any citizen in our own land.
The other relationships will gradually settle
themselves once these major things are part of
our accepted philosophy.
IT SEEMS TRITE to say to the Negro, you must
have patience, when he has had patience so
long; you must not expect miracles overnight,
when he can look back to the years of slavery
and say--how many nights! he has waited for.
justice. Nevertheless, that is what we must con-
tinue to say in the interests of our government
as a whole and of the Negro people; but that
does not mean that we must sit idle and do
nothing. We must keep moving forward steadily,
removing restrictions which have no sense, and
fighting prejudice. If we are wise we shall do
this where it is easiest to do at first, and watch
it spread gradually to places where the old preju-
dices are slow to disappear.
There is now a great group of educated Ne-
groes who can become leaders among their peo-
ple, who can teach them the value of things of
the mind and who qualify as the best in any field
of endeavor. With these men and women it is
impossible to think of any barriers of inferiority,
but differences there are and always will be,
and that is why on both sides there must be tact
and patience and an effort at real understand-
ing. Above everything else, no action must be
taken which can cause so much bitterness that
the whole liberalizing effort may be set back
over a period of many years.

LETTERS
To THE EDITOR
In Re -Lindbergh
To the Editor:
I CANNOT believe that a respon-
sible college student would sin-
cerely subscribe to the ideas contained
in your editorial.
More important than your call
ing Lindbergh a defender of the
Axis, which he is not; more impor-
tant than your wishing to deprive
the country of the services of a
man who knows how to produce
the bombers we need so badly;
more important than the fact that
you consider the views of a few
narrow-minded Ford workers-
who along with the rest of labor
have been grabbing all they could
get out of the nation's distress-to
be of greater concern than our des-
perate need of brain power to co-
ordinate production, is the rift you
are trying to reopen in the armor
of national unity. Lindbergh was
an isolationist before Pearl Har-
bor, but since we were attacked,he
has realized that internal strife
must cease and has offered his
services to the nation.
You, however, prefer to drag out
dead issues merely for the purpose
of satisfying petty prejudices. As you
say, Lindbergh has changed his tune.
There are no more isolationists or
aid-to-Britainers; if anyone doesn't
want to fight, he is a C. O. and is
entitled to his opinion. Lindbergh is
not a C. O. He is now solidly behind
America and you are bringing skele-
tons out of the closet to divide us.
"Lindbergh was an isolationist be-
cause he thought that that was the
best way of saving America. Calling
him pro-Axis merely because his
ideas on how to preserve the nation
were not those of the majority is
nonsense. Personally, I was all-out
for aid to Britain, but I am ashamed
to think that the nation which re-
fused to listen to Lindbergh's report
of his first-hand inspection of Ger-
many's martial progress in 1936 has
heaped such abuse on the man whose
wholehearted desire to prepare it for
what he knew was coming wasr
thwarted by its own shortsightedness
and complacency.

l
-- W tTH OUT
Q 5-s-fpN
MOA)
V ft S. .f ,, . t
Y '3" b
4
1, a I : t U A1S l{ - 1? :

L

"They said something about 'Sphinx,' then they threw two buckets
of ice water on me, and then - - - "

GRIN AND BEAR IT

By Lichty

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT PREISKEL
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
only.
Faulty Economics
In Tax Editorials.
HE PROPOSED TAX on excess cor-
poration profits, passed by the
House Ways and Means Committee, has already
aroused illogical, immature criticism in the edi-
torial columns of a Detroit newspaper.
Headlined "Corporation Taxation Carries a
Threat," the editorial professes to analyze the
new tax bill for the benefit of its readers. The
resulting display of the editorial writer's lack of
economic knowledge is contrary to the public
interest.
THE NEWSPAPER tells its readers that "eight
percent of profit left tax-free, which is the
most the committee would exempt even for the
smallest businesses, is not enough to interest
venture capital" (This in itself is mistaken
since the tax allows an eight percent return on
investment, not eight percent of profits.)
In wartime it is utter nonsense to speak of
interesting enterprise. New enterprise other
than that directly concerned with war work is
precisely what the nation does not desire since
additional investment would push the money
system further on its inflationary ascent, in-
creasing the demand for goods and stimulating
competition against government enterprise In
war production.
Wading further through the economic mud-
die, we find the editorial saying that the idea
of taxation is to prevent exorbitant profits for
war contractors and to block any great profits
for anyone. Not so. The tax's primary purpose
is to discourage investment with other objec-
tives complementary.
The editorial goes through a profound anal-
ysis of the measure's secondary principles with
just as much lack of comprehension as was
exhibited in the first case.
To limit exorbitant contractors' profits, the
paper would have the government carefully ne-
gotiate contracts so that there could be no dis-
proportionate gains. That proposal omits the
fact that producers regard higher returns as
their right in time of war and would include
them in any contract that could be made.
UT even assuming that such a proposal would
have the desired effect, it would not elim-
inate the usefulness of the new tax, for the tax
could accomplish the same ends with better
assurance of fairness and equality.
Nor would the editorial's suggestion touch
any producer who is not working on war goods.
Profiteering in consumers' goods industries is
no more desirable than in war goods industries.
The tax proposal's method of preventing any-
one from profiting greatly is rejected by the
paper with a few phrases of economic hash. The
editorial states that the tax would fall unequally
on people and that in the "free enterprise sys-
tem" this would would be pure tragedy. Its rec-
ommendation is to tax individual incomles and to
rely on competition to limit large profits.

MUSIC

I

iC'*CN\*4*-

The
Poin ted
Pen

IV

HERE ARE THE REASONS all of us should
vigorously oppose the new Cherry Hill hous-
ing project:
1. henry Ford is against it. (God ai King
George have not yet issued a statement on the
controversy.)
2. it is a t;O plan.
3. It will bring some 60,000 Democrats into
the staunch Republican stronghold of Wash-
tenaw County.
This latter possibility is one which is causing
a lot of headaches among the small-time politi-
cians in the area.
They seem to be worrying more about a Demo-
cratic invasion of the county than about a Jap
move against the West Coast. It would certainly
play havoc with the local dominant Republican
organi ratio.r, which is , lll thiinking in terms of
the Hoover-Coo-idg' legimeS. And we wouldn't
wvlt thaf to happf'll, ('hi, )oys?
- '1he Managing Editor
time the perfect industrial competition requi-
site for automatic limitation of profits does
not exist.
There is no industrial parallel for the highly
competitive agricultural market. No one sug-
gests limiting profits in agriculture for the rea-
son that competition does function there as it
should. The veriy existence of huge industrial
profits prc'cludes the existence of automatic
controls,.
N TIME OF WAR the absence of perfect com-
petitiol becomes more extensive. Any con-

PROGRAM
lonegger, King David, A Symphonic Psalm; .Judith
Ifellwig, Soprano; Enid Szanutho, Contralto; Felix
Knight, Tenor; Itabbi Brickner, Narrator. Dvorak,
Concerto in B minor for 'Cello and Orchestra;
JEmmaunel Feuermann, Violonvellist; The Philadel-
phia symphony Orchestra, Tie University Choral
tUnion, Thor .Johnson, Conductor.
The second concert of the May Festival
Series was played last night entirely under
tle baton of Thor Johnson, and while the' pro-
gram did not afford the opportunity for the
display of orchestral' eclat and technical brav-
ura which was evidenced in the preceding con-
cert, the Philadelphia Orchestra's magnificent
finesse of ensemble was kept completely up to
the high standard set on the opening night. In
the two major works which he conducted Mr.
Johnson reMized fully not only the possibilities
of the written score but injected into his read-
ings subtleties of interpretation which gave
meaning and purpose to the music.
In its singing of the choruses in Honegger's
King David, the University Choral Union showed
that it is beyond doubt one of the two or three
finest choruses in the country. Completely un-
der the control of Mr. Johnson at all times,
they sang flexibly and with an extreme nicety
of ensemble, particularly in the women's sec-
tions. All of the more vivid and intense chor-
uses were done with an elan and brilliance which
rose to really inspired singing, and the chor-
11s's diligent training and grasp of the meaning
of the milsic was well evidence throughout.
Of the three soloists we feel that Felix Knight
was outstanding, as well as the most musically
satisfying. His tenor voice is one of the most
evenly produced throughout its entire range
which we have heard. His full and resonant
tone has a ring which is most satisfying, and he
was enabled to cope perfectly with the low-
lying tessitura of the tenor solos of this work
by a lower register which is almost baritone in
quality. Feeling, artistry, and surety of execu-
tion marked his every phrase. Miss Szantho
s+n. wifA) a rich and flowing tone, giving sin-
cerity ad feelingo )her interpretationi. Miss
l ellwig. though possessed of a large aild well-
prodlIcd Voice, seimed ( to is to lack a smooth
and steady line in her singing. Her phrasing
'was in many places very poor, and there were
more than a few moments of extreme sloppiness
in regard to intervals, rhythm, etc. Rabbi
Brickner should be highly credited for, a really
excellent job as narrator; his diction was flaw-
less, and his inflection and interpretation gave
continuity and clarity to the entire psalm.
The Dvorak cello concerto was from begin-
ning to end played beautifully from the artistic
Jtandpoint and with flawless technique by both
orcherstra and 'solofst. Mr. leuernann, whose
technique is unsurpassed, has a style which is
peculiarly his own; it is one of restraint and re-

It would be a waste of time to
try to discover why you call Lind- 1
bergh a foe of all we are fighting to
protect in this war, or to look into
any of the other accusations you
make by distorting the things he
has said, but even granting that
your statements are true, the fun-
mental issue stands crystal clear.
No matter what has happened in
the past, Lindbergh is trying to do
all he can to further our war ef-I
forts by serving in a manner in
wlich he is well qualified to do;
while you, and the workers who
stop work to get up petitions and
make a lot of noise, are doing all
you can to hinder our progress.
Hitler's aim is to divide and con-
quer. It is true now as it was in 1776.
- Arthur W. Dobson, '42E
To the Editor:
MYIYRON DANN'S editorial on Char-
les A. Lindbergh in Wednesday's
Daily echoes strongly of the public
press some nine or ten months back.
At that time, when war was still a
mere probability, a number of edi-
tors-and civic committees fostered
by them-were clamoring for a public
squelching of Lindbergh's speeches.
A great many people believed his
speeches exerted a demoralizing ef-
fect on the populace.
This point I make no attempt to
argue.
But it should be remembered that
Lindbergh was, by public reaction,
first an isolationist, second a reac-
tionary. It should be remembered
that Lindbergh, through his opinion,
preached hemisphere solidarity and
urged that. we concentrate on the
jpdependent existence and develop-
ment of the Western Hemisphere; all
the while remaining oblivious to the
fact that war raged through Europe
and Asia. And it should also be re-
membered that some highly respected
economic authorities held this very
same view.
fERE AGAIN, I neither condone
nor condemn Lindbergh's opin-
ions. But I DO de(fedd his right to
believe them.
''ievquestio is really two-told.
First, if we are to bar Lindbergh
from serving the country in any ca-
pacity, what of the many other per-
1sons whose social philosophy is in
conflict with our government admin-
istration? What of the Socialists,
Communists, and all of the, various
degrees of liberal and reactionary
elements? They are acknowledged to
be political enemies of the American
system; what is to be done with
them? My dissenters will, of course,
point out that although the former
elements are all political enemies of
the government, only Fascism is the
military enemy of the government'
True; but it can also be pointed out
that German and Italian approval of
American isolationist sentiment had
a great deal to do with the associa-
fin of this {ynim with Fascism.

(Continued from Page 2)q
Senior Engineers: Those who or-
dered Commencement announce-
ments may call for their orders on
Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday,
May 12, 13, and 14, in Room 222 West
Engineering Bldg., 1:00-5:00 p.m.I
Payments must be completed on all
orders at this time. This is the onlyY
time announcements will be distrib-
uted. There are none for sale as
only enough to fill previous orders
are available.]
Academic Notices
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
be held on Saturday, May 9, at 10:00
a.m., in Room 319 West Medical1
Building. "Some Derivatives of
Arginine-Chemical and Functional
Studies" will be discussed. All inter-
ested are invited.
Speech 41: Dr. Halstead will not
meet the 2 o'clock section of Speech1
41 today.
Directed Teaching, Qualifying Ex-1
amination: All students expecting toa
elect directed teaching (Educ D100)s
next semester are required to pass a
qualifying examination iri the sub-
ject which they expect to teach. This
examination will be held on Satur-
day, May 9, at 1 o'clock. Students
will meet in the auditorium of the
University High School. The exam-
ination will consume about four
hours' time; promptness is therefore,
essential.
May Candidates for the Teacher's
Certificate: The Comprehensive Ex-
amination in Education will be given
on Saturday, May 9, from 9 to 12
o'clock (and also from 2 to 5 o'clock)
in the auditorium of the University
High School, Students having Sat-
urday morning classes may take the
examination in the afternoon. Print-
ed information regarding the exam-
ination may be secured in the School
of Education office.
Doctoral Examination for Robert
Alchin Hatch, Mineralogy; thesis:
"Phase Equilibrium in the System:
Li20.A1203-SiO2." Today, 4077 Na-
tural Science, 2:00 p.m. Chairman,
W. F. Hunt.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and he may grant permission to those
who for sufficient reason might wish
to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination for William
Jefferson Darby, Jr, Biological Chem-
istry; thesis: "The Intermediary Me-
tabolism of Histidine and Related
Imidazole Compounds." Today, 317
West Medical, 2:00 p.m. Chairman,
H, B. Lewis.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doctor-
al candidates to attend the exam-
ination and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
I might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination for John
Henry Stibbs, English Language and
Literature; thesis: "A Detailed Study
of the Shorter Prose Works of Sir
Walter Raleigh." Saturday, May 9,
2220 Angell Hall, 9:30 a.m. Chair-
man, J. R. Reinhard.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members

402 West Engineering Bldg. Any-
one interested is cordially invited.
J. A. Van den Broek
Concerts
The May Festival schedule of pro-
grams is as follows:
The Philadelphia Orchestra will
participate in all concerts.
Today, 2:30. First part: "The Wal-
rus and the Carpenter" (Fletcher)-
Youth Chorus; Juva Higbee, Con-
ductor. Second part: Carroll Glenn,
violinist; Saul Caston, Conductor.
Tonight, 8:30. All-Wagner program.
Helen Traubel, soprano; Eugene Or-
mandy, Conductor.
Sat. 2:30. All-Rachmaninoff pro-
gram. Sergei Rachmaninoff, pian-
ist; Eugene Ormandy, Conductor.
Sat. 8:30. Ninth Symphony (Bee-
thoven) with Judith Hellwig, Enid
Szantho, Jan Peerce, and Mack Har-
rell; Choral Union. Eugene Orman-
dy, Conductor.
Concerts will begin on time. Doors
will be closed during the numbers.
Traffic regulations by direction of the
Ann Arbor Police Department.
All remaining tickets will be on
sale at the box office in Hill Audi-
torium. A limited number of stand-
ing room tickets will be on sale as
occasion may require.
Charles A. Sink, President
Exhibitions
The Ann Arbor Art Association
presents its Nineteenth Ann Arbor
Artists Exhibition May 1 through
May 13, 2-5 afternoons and 7-10
evenings, daily, except Sundays, in
the galleries of the Rackham Build-
ing.
Thirteenth Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture in the Concourse of the
Michigan League Building. Open
daily until after Commencement.
Lectures
University Lecture: Dr. Carol Ar-
onovici, Director of the Columbia
University Housing Study, will lec-
ture on "New Concepts of Commun-
ity Planning in Theory and Practice"
at 4:15 p.m., Monday, May 11, in the
Rackham Lecture Hall under the
auspices of the College of Architec-
ture and Design and the Depart-
ment of Sociology. The public is
cordially invited.
University Lecture: M. Pierre Cot,
former member of the French Cabi-
net, will lecture on the- subject "The
Present Situation of France," under
the auspices of the Division of Social
Science, on Thursday,' May 14, at
4:15 p.m. in the Kellogg Foundation
Institute Auditorium. The public is
cordially invited.
Events Today
lniversity of Michigan Women's
Glee Club: There will be a rehearsal
today at 4:00 p.m. in the Kalamazoo
Room of the League in preparation
for an appearance at the Music
School Alumni Banquet Saturday
noon. All members be present.
French Round Table: The mem-
bers of the French Round Table of
the International Center will meet
tonight at 7:45 at the entrance to
the Burton Memorial Tower. Pro-
fessor Price will explain the Carillon
concert.
Westminster Student Guild: Be-
cause of the May Festival, there will
be no Westminster Student Guild
Social Hour at the church tonight.
,

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