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May 05, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-05-05

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Editorial
Congress To Reduce
Money In Circulation o 0

VOL. LII. No. 162 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 5, 1942 Z-32s

PRICE FIVE CENTS

British Seizure OfMadagascar

Foils Japs

Red Army Opens Possible Spring Offensivet

WPB Order
Forbids Use
Of Iron, Steel
For Civilians'

MOSCOW, May 4.--(P)-For the first time in recent weeks, the
Russians announced officially tonight that Soviet troops "waged offens-
ive battles on several sectors of the front" during the day, indicating the
Red Army might have gotten the jump on the Germans and launched
their own spring drive.
(The people of the Ukraine were urged today by Marshal Semeon
Timoshenko to engage in guerilla warfare behind the German lines and
so prepare the way for a Red Army of liberation.
(This could best be done, the Marshal's proclamation noted, by
blowing up bridges, by preventing the Germans from carrying away
material and manpower, by breaking down the German communica-
tions, and by watching the direction of the enemy's flight and attack-
ing the Germans from the rear.)
Kappa Sigma Retains IFC Sing
Title As 1,000 Listeners Shver

Generalissimo
Asks. Chinese
To Sacrifice
Warns People Of 'Greater
Difficulties'; Japanese
Threaten India, China
CHUNGKING, May 4.-('P)-With
China's Burma Road lifeline choked
off and a Japanese column within 25
miles of China's frontier, Generalis-
simo Chiang Kai-Shek told his peo-
ple tonight "we must prepare for a
prolongation of the war and for

Metal
As
Are
To

Substitutes,
Gold, Silver
Excepted;
Operate On

Barred
Alone
Decree
Public

Edict Is Climax
Of Priority Bans
WASHINGTON, May 4. - (P) - A
sweeping order of the War Produc-
tion Board tonight forbade the use
of iron and steel in virtually all ar-
ticles of civilian use not covered by
previous decrees - more than 400
kinds of articles in all.
Not only must the makers of these
things stop using iron and steel-
they must not use any other metal
as a substitute (except gold or silver,
if feasible). The order means, un-
doubtedly, that manufacture of these
articles will stop for the duration.
Civilians Must Sacrifice
Thus when the present stocks in
the stores are exhausted,. plus the
few articles permitted to continue in
manufacture for a short time longer,
civilians will be forced to do with-
out. The stop-production order is
effective in 90 days. Limited produc-
tion will be permitted until then.
Going beyond the scope of previous
curtailment orders of this nature, the
new decree makes the general public
responsible for obeying it, along with
the manufacturers, distributors,
wholesalers and retailers. Consumers
are forbidden to receive articles
known to have been made in violation
of the order.
Drastic Conservation Order
The long awaited edict-most dras-
tic conservation order so far issued-
gave what amounted to a finishing
blow to the country's durable con-
sumers' goods industry, which WPB
chairman Donald M. Nelson has or-
dered choked off in order to con-
vert materials, machines and man-
power to war work.
Effective after midnight tonight,
the decree climaxed a series of stop-
orders covering automobiles, refrig-
erators, vacuum cleaners, typewriters
and other articles whose output was
ordered suspended in the interest of
a "sound but lean" civilian economy
for the war's duration.
On the banned list are toilet sets,
compacts, jewelry boxes, cigarette
cases and lighters, combs, permanent
wave machines, hair curlers and dry-
ers, Jewelry, lipstick holders, mani-
cure implements, perfume atomizers,
and purse and handbag frames.
Druids Initiate
25 In Annual
May Tapping
Druids, sons of magic,
Foretellers of the future,
Judges-very knowing, wise,-
The fires in the stonehenge
Are set alight,j
With flames to heaven raised;
Look upon thy awenyds,
Called from out they might court-
The uniformed who would seek thy
light.
Hence to the oak grove,
There to test
Their unworthiness.
With eyes to heaver raised,
Invoke a blessing from the skies,
Perpetuate thy heroic deeds-
Keep ever bright
Thy burning torch-
The glory and wisdom of knights of
old.
Stalwart DRUIDS, true and bold,
To the rock of DRUIDS have been
summoned:

Phi Delta Theta Is
Dogs 'Sabotage'
Of SigmaPhi

Second;
Chances
Epsilon

Kappa Sigma, two-time winner of
the annual Interfraternity Sing, "did
it again" last night when, spurred on
by the cheering efforts of Delta Gam-
ma and Phi Sigma Sigma sororities,
they captured the IFC's first place
trophy for their harmonious rendi-
tion of "Vesper Hymn."
Singing to more than 1000 chilly
students, faculty and townspeople
who gathered in the bleachers erected
in front of the library, 10 fraternities,
backed by almost twice as many sor-
orities who acted as rooters, partici-
pated in the competition. Awards
Walker Bans
Social Justice
Coughlin Magazine Ceases
PublicationVoluntarily
WASHINGTON, May 4.-(iP)-So-
cial Justice, weekly magazine started
by The Rev. Charles E. Coughlin, has
ceased publication, its editor an-
nounced today, but the Postmaster
General proceeded to ban it from the
mails anyway. Attorney General Bid-
dle had charged that it published
"clearly seditious" material,
Editor E. Perrin Schwartz wrote
Postmaster General Walker that the
magazine would "not hereafter be
published" and that it was abandon-
ing its second-class mailing privi-
leges. Father Coughlin telegraphed
his approval of the action.
The publishers of Social Justice
had been notified to appear today
The Detroit Free Press claimed
last night that Rev. Charles E.
Coughlin may be subpoenaed be-
fore the Federal grand jury for In-
vestigation of Nazi propaganda in
this country.
before a panel of three Assistant
Postmasters General to show cause
why it should not be excluded from
the mails. Instead, they sent notice
that publication was being suspended.
Calvin W. Hassell, assistant solici-
tor of the Post Office Department,
told the three examiners that since
the United States entered the war
Social Justice had preached a do-
trine of defeatism and "substantially
reproduced the enemy propaganda
line.''
Hassell said that in its Jan. 5, 1942,
issue Social Justice declared the
United States should terminate "a
war which no one can win completely
and which America can lose com-
pletely."
War Corresp ondent
Allen Wins Pulitzer
Prize For Reporting
NEW YORK, May 4.-(P)-Larry
Allen's graphic Associated Press
stories from warships of the British
Mediterranean Fleet won him a Pul-
itzer Prize in International Reporting
today but Allen wasn't around to hear
about it-he was back with the Medi-
terranean fleet.
The 33-year-old AP foreign cor-
respondent was awarded the coveted

were presented by Miss Edith At- greater difficulties in'the future."
water, female lead in the Drama Fes- China's national mobilization act
tival's play "No Time For Comedy." comes into effect tomorrow and the
Phi Delta Theta's songsters, who Genesio ased the
were recalled to the platform by the Generalissimo asked the Chinese pe-
judges for a second hearing, as were ple toretict consumpti, intensif
Kappa Sigma's carried off second production and place all their re-
Kpri.SigmaPhi Epsilon, interrupted sources of labor, skill and knowledge
przSga e sin teupd at the disposal of the nation.
by what some called a "sabotage at- a h ipslo h ain
tempt" when the Phi Delt's canine Chiang broadcast his appeal to the
mascot took the limelight in a three- people as three powerful Japanese
sided battle with two other dogs, columns pushing through Burma
came in third. The second place win- threatened to invade both India and
ners, cheered on by Alpha Omicron China. The Japanese were within 150
Pi and Kappa Alpha Theta, sang "A miles of India.
Phi Delt Song," and the Sig Eps, The enemy had advanced 60 miles
sponsored by Pi Beta Phi, harmonized up the Burma Road from Lashio to
upon a "Southern Medley." smash at Chinese positions near Kut-
While the crowd awaited the kai, but the scantily-equipped forces
judges' decision, the Psurfs, formally commanded by Lieut.-Gen. Joseph
known as the Ann Arbor Surf-Rid- W. Stilwell fought them fiercely
ing and Mountain Climbing Society, through the night, a report said.
demonstrated their vocal ability by 40 Miles From China
a group of songs rendered in the best Kutkai is within 25 miles of an
barber-shop manner. Adelia Cheever, appendage of Yunnan province which
winner of the 1941 Lantern Night, juts into Burma, but is about 40 miles
was unable to appear on the program from China via the Burma Road. A
due to an enforced Choral Union Japanese column which attempted to
practice. flank the Chinese positions was re-
Donald B. Plott, '44SM, was song- ported repulsed in the bitter engage-
leader for Kappa Sigma, while James ment.
Aldrich, '42, led the Sigma Phi Ep- A second Japanese column was
silon group and James H. Gormsen, pushing other Chinese slowly north
'42, was music-director for Phi Delta 'along the Irrawaddy River beyond
Theta. Judges were Prof. William D. ruined Mandalay, probably driving
Revelli, Prof. David Mattern and toward Bhamo, 110 miles away.
Prof. Clyde Vroman. Bhamo is an alternate terminus of
the Burma Road and the northern-
- * most navigation point on the river.

British Planes
Strike At Nazi
U-Boat Fleet
Japs Withdraw Second
Reconnaissance Force
From Nadzab Region
LONDON, May 4.-WP)The Royal
Air Force's aerial artillery hurled
bombs upon three strongholds of Ger-
man naval might today in a sudden
and sharp offensive against the Nazi
U-Boat fleet massing at its bases for
the summer campaign on North At-
lantic sea-lanes.
Swinging out over a 900-mile front
in pre-dawn attacks, the RAF blasted
at Hamburg, great German port;
St. Nazaire, in Occupied France from
which big German "pig boats" are
sent out to harry the United States
eastern coast, and at Kristiansand,
from which submarines sally forth to
raid the northern supply route to
Russia.
In swift, daylight follow-up of
these powerful attacks, Boston
(Douglas) bombers protected by RAF
fighters made an intense raid on Le
Havre, in Occupied France, another
base for German naval operations
against the Allies.
Five Nazi Fighters Downed
The RAF fighters shot down five
German fighters which attempted to
intercept the British bombers. They
also shot down a stray German
bomber in the daylight sweep. Three
RAF planes were lost.
The three chief targets of Kristian-
sand, Hamburg and St. Nazaire were
still afire from British bombs when
United States Admiral Harold R.
Stark, commanding the U.S. naval
forces in European waters, stressed
American and British concern with
undersea attacks in a talk to the press
iLondon.
Despite bad weather over Ger-
many, Hamburg was bombed in what
one source called "considerable
weight." Pilots said they saw large
fires in docks and shipyards as they
left.
Japs Withdraw
From Nadzab
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Aus-
tralia, May 4.-(/P)-A second incur-
sion of the Japanese up the Markham
Valley beyond the New Guinea moun-
tains protecting Port Moresby again
has ended in a withdrawal, Austra-
lian dispatches reported today.
The withdrawal occurred less than
24 hours after it was learned that
a sizeable force had marched up the
valley to Nadzab, 27 miles in the in-
terior. Apparently the expedition was
for reconnaissance purposes, for no
contact with regular Australian or
American forces was reported.
Australian bushwhackers operating
as guerrillas in the area were not be-
lieved in sufficient number to have
forced the retirement, if the Japanese
purpose was to establish fields for
the dispersal of their aircraft from
the coast airports hammered almost
daily by Allied bombers.
A second Japanese column which
had advanced southward kept its po-
sition 17 miles south of Salamaua on
the coast, however.
Here the Japanese were separated
from Port Moresby by 165 miles of
jungle and mountains 13,000 feet
high. Port Moresby is the key to
shallowf Torres Strait, across which
the Japanese would have to move
for an invasion of Australia from
New Guinea.
Manila Bay Forts
Suffer Five-Hour

ArtilleryShelling
WASHINGTON, May 4. --(P)-
Thirteen separate air raids with both
light and heavy bombers and a con-
tinuous artillery shelling for five ear-
splitting hours was the punishment
rained upon flag-flying Corregidor
today by the still-baffled Japanese.
Air raids, which have been launched
at the 13-a-day rate for the last three
days, sank the United States gun-
boat Mindannao nr the island cita.-

U.S. Announces
Full Occupationl
Formal Declaration By State Department
Warns Vichy Against Retaliation
WASHINGTON, May 4.-(P)-The British, stealing a march on the
Japanese, have occupied the great French island of Madagascar athwart
vital Allied supply lines in the Indian Ocean, and the United States served
formal notice tonight that, if necessary, American forces will help defend
it against all comers.
The move, announced here and in London, marked a perhaps historic
change in a march of events which has seen the Axis get the jump, in virtu-
ally all other instances, on its foes.
A formal statement from the State Department declared that the coup
by the British had the "full approval and support of the United States," since
there was definite danger that Axis Powers, especially Japan, would seize
the island.
Bluntly, the statement warned the Vichy regime of France not to per-
mit any warlike act against theoccupying forces.
Island To Be Held In Trust For France
After stating that the island would be held in trust for France, it said
that "any warlike act permitted by the French Government against the
Government of Great Britain or the Government of the United States would,
of necessity, have to be regarded by the Government of the United States
as an attack upon the United Nations as a whole."
At another point, the statement said that "the Government of United
States is at war with the Axis Powers and if it becomes necessary or desir-
able for American troops or ships to use Madagascar in the common cause,
the United States will not hesitate to do so at any time."
While a communique issued in London said merely that a combined
British naval and military force had arrived off the island at dawn this

P'ettions Due'
For Congress
Council .Posts
Candidates for the three open posi-
tions on the Executive Council of
Independent Men's Congress must
return petitions with five signatures
to the Student Offices of the Union
before 3 p.m. Wednesday. Petitions
may be secured at the Student Offices
all day today.
All independent men are eligible
to vote for these candidates at the
all-campus elections to be held May 8.
Three student members of the
Board in Control of Student Publi-
cations, a member of the Board in
Control of Intercollegiate Athletics
and six Union vice-presidents will
also be elected at that time.
Union vice-presidents will be elect-
ed on the following basis: one from
the literary and graduate schools to-
gether; one from the engineering
and architecture schools; one each
from the law, medical and dental
schools; one from the remaining
schools together.

The polyglot British Army of Gen.
Harold Alexander was falling back
slowly on the right flank "to prepared
positions," the communique added.
Some fighting was in progress in
the Monywa area of the Chindwin
River valley, some 60 miles west of
Mandalay. It was this force that
appeared to be nearest to India.
3,253 Get War Ration
Book One On First Day
Three thousand two hundred
fifty-three students received War
Ration Book One yesterday in the
University registration, which will
continue today and tomorrow.
Robert L. Williams, assistant
registrar, yesterday urged all stu-
dents to secure their ration books
now. "No ration books will be
issued on campus after Wednes-
day," he declared, "and those who
fail to register will have to appeal
to the Ann Arbor Rationing Board.
Students who failed to register
on schedule in the literary and
graduate schools the first day may
still register during the remaining
two days, Williams said.

morning, the State Department went
further and said President Roosevelt
had received word that the occupa-
tion actually had taken place.
There had been considerable spec-
ulation over the reported presence of
a Japanese military mission in the
island, fourth largest in the world. In
the past, Japanese missions have
sometimes been the precursors to in-
vaslon.
Lying in the. Indian Ocean oppo-
site Portuguese Mozambique on the
African East Coast and sheltering the
25-mile wide Mozambique Channel,
Madagascar stands near the Cape
Route sea lanes to all the Indian
Ocean ports.
Menace To Eastward Movement
Thus, in enemy hands, it would be a
possibly fatal menace to the east-
ward movement of troops and ma-
terial to Australia, India, all the
Middle East, and even Russia; and
it would be an offensive threat to
Africa itself.
The island is nearly a thousand
miles long and could be a threat to
the Union'of South Africa, which al-
ready has broken off relations with
Vichy, to the British colonies fur-
ther north on the African mainland,
above Mozambique, and to Mauri-
tius, Britain's mid-ocean base lying
to the east of Madagascar.
In addition to serving as a base to
cut off Allied supply lines to Russia,
China and the Middle East, Mada-
gascar could also have served as a
port of call for Japanese ships carry-
ing vital war supplies from Japan's
newly conquered teritories in the
East to Germany.
Diplomatic Relations Broken
The threat of the Vichy-controlled
island was given new significance
when the Union of South Africa
broke off diplomatic relations with
Vichy when Pierre Laval returned to
power as chief of government in
mid-April. It was then that rumors-
always denied-were put in currency
about the arrival of a Japanese mis-
sion in Madagascar.
From British Mauritius to the east
of Madagascar, came reports that
forces were at work for the benefit
of the Axis in the island. From the
island capital itself, Tananarive,
came more reports that the Free
French were being rounded up and
imprisoned under orders of Governor
General Armand Annet, a Parisian
who formerly ruled Dahomey on the
other side of Africa.
A correspondent at Tananarive
managed to get out a dispatch to
London, declaring no defense, had
been made against Japanese infiltra-
tion and no successful defense
against them could be made--evi-
dently referring to the reported arri-
val of the Japanese advance mission.
United Nations Communique
The joint Admiralty and War Of-
fice communique announcing the ar-
rival off Madagascar said:
"The United Nations, having de-
cided to forestall a Japanese move
against the French naval hase of

Boim Hit Hard
As Nine Loses
To Irish, 11-7,
Wolverine Tennis Team
Wallops Wayne, 90;
Subs Get Chance
By BOB SHOPOFF
Special to The Daily
SOUTH BEND, Ind., May 4.-It
was an especially cold, dreary day
for the Wolverine baseball team to-
day as it absorbed an 11-7 licking
from Notre Dame. The Irish batters
shelled two Wolverine hurlers for 16
hits to give themselves an even break
in the series between the two schools.
Michigan was still in the ball game
going into the last of the seventh, but
relief pitcher Bill (Sugar) Cain
The University of Michigan
baseball team will meet Western
Michigan today at 4 pm. on the
Ferry Field diamond.
served up a home run ball to rangy
Andy Tallet, who blasted it far into
right center field.
Two mates were on the paths at the
time. It was this blow that stopped
the Wolverines.
Coach Ray Fisher sent Irv (Pro)
Boim up against Notre Dame today
in an effort to try to make it two in
a row over the Irish. Michigan won
the first game last Wednesday, 3-2.
The stocky sophomore did not have
his usual control as he allowed 10 hits
and eight runs before he was lifted
in the middle of the third frame.
Big Andy Chlebeck was the hitting
star for the Irish as he collected three
hits in five trips to the plate, one of
which was a homer which came in
Turn to Page 3, Col. 3
Wayne Beaten, 9-0
By BART JENKS
Playing in a chilly wind, Michi-
gan's powerful tennis team walloped
a mediocre Wayne outfit, 9-0, yes-
terday.
tFaced with two important matches
this weekend, Coach Weir took ad-
vantage of the opportunity to give
his top reserves, Fred Wellington and
Jim Bourquin, a chance to play while
presenting Tom Gamon a well de-
served day of rest and allowing Jerry
Schaflander to take it easy with a
Turn to Page 3, Col. 5
Exploding Kerosene Can
Burns Child To Death

Campus Committee To Protect
Student's Purchasing Interests

By MARK LIPPER
Closely paralleling the work of the
Civilian Defense Volunteer Office's
Consumer Information Center, a new
committee representing the League,
the Union, the Interfraternity Coun-
cil and Congress will inaugurate a
campus research project at the start
of the summer session to protect and
educate consumers' interests.
Plans for the project originated
when Charlotte P. Thompson, '43,
League president, returned from an
A.W.S. convention recently at which
she heard suggestions for salvage'
drives and consumer education on
campuses all over the country.
Miss Thompson submitted the idea

ing materials and preventing waste,
the use of substitutes and ways to
keep nutrition and health at effi-
ciency level.
Every house and organization on
campus will be contacted when the
project goes into effect.
An announcement of the local
CDVO assured all city residents that
the Michigan State Troop now sta-
tioned at the Armory does not mean
that registrations for civilian defense
can not continue. In fact the soldiers'
are very cooperative and escort vol-
unteers to the different offices.
The CDVO also reported that a
new branch of the County Council of

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