THE MICHIGAN DAILY
By DREW PEARSON and ROBERT S. ALLEN
Yes, We'll Have No Bananas
omner Swander . . . . Managing Editor
Morton Mintz . . . . Editorial Director
*111 Sapp .. . . . City Editor
fharles Thatcher . . . . Associate Editor
george W. Sallad . . . . , Associate Editor
Bernard Hendel . . . Sports Editor
Myron Dann . . . . Associate Sports Editor
arbara deFries . . . . Women's Editor
dward J. PerIberg . . Business Manager
bred M. Ginsberg . Associate Business Manager
Mary Lou Curran . Women's Business Manager
bane Lindberg . Women's Advertising Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY LEVINE
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
'Negro Bias Violates
prit Of Honor Society
T HOSE OF US who are idealistic
enough to think that a stronger and
urer democracy may result from victory in this
r have had to put up with a discouraging
mount of anti-democratic spirit in the form of
We have ordinarily been able to fight back at
uch prejudice and still retain an optimistic out-
look-even when that discrimination comes from
ndustrial and Army and Navy officials.
BUT it knocks the wind out of our sails to.
learn about anti-Negro discrimination
rampant in "educated" circles-and it is al-
most nauseating when it comes from the
future "educators" of our youth.
Ever since its organization, Phi Delta Kappa,
)national education honor society for men, has
,estricted its membership to "white" students.
I'wo years ago the Ohio State chapter initiated
i Negro student and an oriental; the chapter
was immediately outlawed by the national or-
anization. This affected some of the chapters
sufficiently to start a campaign to amend the
constitution so as to remove the "white" clause.
n order to amend the constitution, two-thirds
%f the chapters must vote in the affirmative;
such a vote is being taken now.
But before submitting the question to the
Chapters a preliminary test vote was taken of
X11 the members of Phi Delta Kappa throughout
the nation. A total of 4,848 voted for the amend-
nent, 3,285 against. The members of the Mich-
Igan chapter voted 159-95 for the amendment.
It is almost unbelievable that almost half of
this nationally represented honor society
for our future teachers could exhibit so
Sclar-cut an example of racial bias and un-
If there is any one group which might be
x xpected to show the way of democracy and
lerance to a public which sorely needs such a
esson, it is our future teachers. And when one
)ea lizes that they will soon be one of the most
mportant influences on the character and atti-
ude of our youth, it is especially deplorable.
The Michigan chapter, although its vote in
the current amendment balloting was unani-
mous in favor of the amendment, could not
boast of a much better record than the na-
tional organization in the preliminary vote.
- Nearly a third of the members of this chapter
voted.to retain the present anti-Negro clause.
The difference between this vote and the
more recent unanimous one in the Michigan
fhapter is difficult to account for, part of it
possibly attributable to the fact that members
iot now on campus voted in the first balloting
and not in the second.
But that obviously cannot account for all the
anti-Negro votes the first time. And to wha-
ever extent those votes were from campus mem-
bers, it is to that extent a reflection on the
whole campus. One cannot help but wonder
iust how indicative this is of the intolerance on
the campus as a whole.
E ARE, nevertheless, encouraged by the
nannimity of the second vote: and we feel
WASHINGTON-Behind the scenes, a mighty
battle has been raging over bananas. Re-
sult of this battle is that no more bananas will
reach this country; and we are faced with the
problem of finding means to prevent revolution
in three countries which have been largely de-
pendent on banana exports to the United States.
Before the battle was decided, however, all
kinds of diplomatic intrigue took place. In the
first place, the Navy found that it needed all
of the ships of the United Fruit Co. and other
private shipping lines in the Caribbean for car-
rying vital war supplies in other areas.
But the mistake was made of notifying the
United Fruit Co. directly, instead of informing
the Maritime Commission.
So the United Fruit Co. passed word to the
governments of Honduras, Guatemala and Costa
Rica that no more bananas could be shipped to
the U.S.A. And these countries immediately
flew into action.
It happens that of Honduras' total exports,
bananas constitute exactly 70 percent. Bananas
also are 40 percent of Costa Rica's exports, and
35 percent of Guatemala's. So these countries
protested to the State Department, and pro-
tested in no uncertain terms.
To shut off bananas meant not only bank-
ruptcy to the growers, but also bankruptcy to
the .governments, for there is an export tax on
So the State Department, not wanting revolu-
tion in Central America, protested to the Navy
and Maritime Commission.
The United Fruit Co. also had powerful friends
on the Maritime Commission, including Harris
Robson, director of Emergency Shipping; also
M. L. Wilcox and Ralph Keating. Part of the
banana battle was between the private shippers,
who favored "business-as-usual," and those who
favored an all-out war effort.
N THE END, the all-out-war group won. Ba-
nana shipments will be stopped. The fruit
boats of the Caribbean will be taken over for
the war in toto. And to prevent revolution in
Central America, the United States probably
will loan money to Honduras, Guatemala and
Costa Rica to buy up their bananas and, since
they rot quickly, feed them to the populace or
throw them into the sea,
"Yes, we have no bananas,"
One interesting exchange during the Senate
Patent Committee's hearings on the German
cartel agreements of Rohm and Haas, Inc.,
Philadelphia plastic glass firm, was not reported.
It arose out of a double-barreled blast by Sen-
ator 'Homer Bone of Washington, committee
chairman, against "consent decrees." This is
the legal device whereby corporations escape
anti-trust prosecution by promising to be good
in the future.
"If I should rob a national bank, could I sit
down with you and talk about a consent decree?"
Bone asked William Hutchinson, of the Justice
Department's anti-trust division,
"No, sir," replied Hutchinson. "Your crime
would be a felony. A monopoly, or a conspiracy
to restrain trade, is a misdemeanor under the
"WELL, why do you pick out one type of crim-
inal for punishment and not another?"
persisted Bone. "I have practiced law, and from
my experience it seems unusual for a criminal
to come in and say he is guilty and thereupon
to be gently stroked on the brow and released,"
"The consent decree," explained Hutchinson,
"has been used for some time and is for the
purpose of getting more from an economic
standpoint for the government-such as the use
of vital war patents that these monopolistic
concerns control-than we could get by criminal
"It seems very strange to me," contended
Bone, "that a big corporation can commit a
crime against the government and go scot-free,
while ordinary people, like you and I, have to
pay the penalty. It's high time Congress cleared
up the law on this point. Corporations can get
away with anything because they hire a lot of
legal slickers to render them immune from the
"They operate on the theory that they have
the right to parcel out the whole civilized world,
like Caesar or a super-government and that the
people whoni they exploit are not entitled to
know about it. Instead of stroking their brows,
I think Congress ought to begin slapping them
Note: There is an old English proverb that
"The law doth punish the man or woman that
steals the goose from off the common, but lets
the greater felon loose that steals the common
from the goose."
Of all the states hit by gasoline rationing,
probably Maine will suffer most, for every sum-
mer, the rockbound coast of Maine blossoms
forth as one of the great tourist spots of the
East. Over a billion dollars is spent there each
summer-enough to tide the state through its
PEN POINTS OF THE WEEK go to whoever
was responsible for the fact that the Navy
V-1 meeting was held during the same week as
the Army Air Force rally, without coordination
Supposedly the two are not competing, so
why not have both of them present their
plans to the same audience at the same time?
Twenty-five lonely civilians sat in Hill Audi-
torium on a hot Friday afternoon while 700
thronged into the Rackham Auditorium for a
Wednesday night session. Good sense would dic-
tate that the Army and Navy get together.
* * *
"THE (General Motors) Corporation's only
purpose in producing
service material during
the past months has been
to make available such
material to its car owner
and to keep as many of
its employes working as:
possible pending the
complete retooling of its
plants for war production."-C. E. Wilson ex-
plains priority violations at his Ternstedt divi-
sion. - The Editorial Director
SUNDAY, MAY 3, 1942
VOL. LI. No. 161
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, May 6, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
Registration for War Ration Book
for Individual Consumers: This book
is to be used for rationing all com-
modities that, from time to time, may
be placed on the ration list. It is not
for sugar alone. Individuals should
register for a book whether they need
sugar or not.
1. Who Should Register?
All students whose permanent home
address is outside Ann Arbor and
whohave passed their eighteenth
birthday should register for a war
ration booklet at the time and place
indicated below according to the
school in which they are enrolled.
Students not yet eighteen must in-
struct their family unit at their per-
manent home to register for them
and secure their war ration book.
Booklets will not be issued on the
campus to those below eighteen.
Since supplies have been delivered
to each school according to the en-e
rollment of that school, students are1
requested to register with their school.
Ann Arbor students, Universityi
employees, or students living with anI
Ann Arbor family as a member of thea
family unit should not plan to regis-
ter for the war ration book on theI
campus but should register at theI
nearest elementary school as indicat-
ed by the city school board. This is
a matter of law not of convenience
to the staff.
2. Time of Registration.
The dates for registration on 'the
campus are May 4, 5 and 6. The places
of registration will be open during
the usual University hours from
8:00 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. Students
are urged to register as soon as pos-
Several units with small enroll-
ments may shorten the time to one
or two days if properly announced
and understood by the students en-
rolled therein. Please watch your
school bulletin board.
3. Place of Registration and Offi-
cial in Charge.
a. College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts-Alumni Memorial Hall
-Professor C. M. Davis.
Students are requested to register
according to the following schedule:
A through G inclusive-Monday,
H through '0 inclusive-Tuesday,
P through Z inclusive-Wednesday,
b. College of Engineering-Room
244 West Engineering - Professor
ac School of Medicine---123 West
Medical Building-Miss Vera Cum-
d. Law School-Law School Office
-Miss Katherine Murray
e. Pharmacy School-College Of-
fie-Miss Aileen Grace.
f. School of Dentistry-Dental Li-
brary-Dr. Floyd Ostrander.
g. College of Architecture and De-
sor W. V. Marshall.
h. School of Education-1431 Uni-
versity Elementary School-Miss Ma-
i. School of Business Administra-
tion--First floor lobby, Tappan Hall
-Miss Tresse Musil.
j. School of Forestry and Conser-
vation - College Office - Mr. Leo
k. School of Music-Music Office-
Mr. Leonard Gregory.
1. Graduate School -Room 100,
Rackham Building - Mrs. Grace
Smith. Students are requested to
register according to the following
A through (I inclusive Monday,
H through 0) inclusive-Tuesday,
P through Z inclusive--Wednes-
day, May 6.
m. School of Nursing--Lobby Couz-
ens Hall-Miss DeArmond,
n. School of Public Health-Den-
tal Library-Dr. Nathan Sinai.
o. University Hospital - For in-
ternes, nurses, and others receiving
meals at the Hospital-Second Floor
Lobby-Mr. A. B. Cook, Assistant
4. When you receive your war ra-
tion book, do not use it to buy sugar
unless you need it.
5. The cooperation of all students
in carrying out the plan will be ap-
preciated by the faculty and staff
who are serving as registrars in this
Robert L. Williams
Forestry Students: Special arrange-
ments have been made to issue sugar
rationing coupons to students in the
School of Forestry and Conservation
in Room 2046 between the hours of
8:30 and 11:30 a.m. and 1:30 and
4:30 p.m..on Monday, May 4.
S. T. Dana, Dean
Commencement Week Programs:
Programs may be obtained on request
GRIN AND BEAR IT
a By Lichty
L 4 ~ p _"}
"Wa a hT w eand3butturiuesinrsad as?
ed by 6:15 p.m., when procession en-
ters the Field House.
The public address system will be
interfered with by outside sounds, and
the audience is therefore requested to
avoid conversation and moving about.
Automobile owners are asked kindly
to keep their machines away from
the vicinity of Ferry Field during the
In case of rain the power house
whistle will be blown at intervals
between 5:30 and 5:40 p.m. to notify
all concerned that the Commence-
ment procession has been abandoned.
Herbert G. Watkins,
To the Members of the Faculty of
the College of Ltierature, Science,
and the Arts: The last regular meet-
ing of the Faculty of the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts for
the academic session of 1941-1942
will be held in Room 1025 'Angell
Hall, Monday, May 4, at 4:10 p.m.
Edward H. Kraus
1. Consideration of the minutes of
the meeting of April 6th, 1942 (pp.
834-842), which were distributed by
2. Consideration of reports submit-
ted with the call to the meeting:
a. Executive Committee, Professor
I. L. Sharfman.
b. University Council, Associate
Professor Lawrence Preuss.
c. Executive Board of the Gradu-
ate School, Professor E. F. Barker.
d. Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs, Professor A. W.
e. Deans' Conference, Dean E. H.
3. Elections (Nominating Commit-
tee: Professors R. L. Belknap, H. T.
Price, and A. S. Aiton, Chairman.)
a. Five members of the University
Council, to serve for three years.
b. Two members of the Administra-
tive Board, to serve for three years.
Consult pages 762-764 of the facul-
ty minutes for lists of present mem-
bers of tloe University Council, Ad-
ministrative Board, and other com-
4. Summer meeting of the Faculty.
5. Physical training requirement.
See recommendations, page 5 of the
accompanying communication from
the War Board.
6. Faculty Scholarship Fund.
7. New business.
Staff Travel by Automobile: As a
measure of economy it is requested
that faculty and staff members who
have occasion to travel on Univer-
sity business by personally owned or
University owned automobile report
their plans in advance to the office
of Dr. Frank E. Robbins, Assistant to
the President (Campus telephone
328), in order that, when feasible,
persons going to the same place at
the same time may ride in the same
car and save both tires and expense.
A record of such plans will be kept
in the President's Office, and those
who find it necessary to make a trip
may inquire there as to the possi-
bility of riding with others. Waste
LaVerne Noyes Scholarships: Pre-
sent holders of these scholarships
Swho desire to apply for renewals for
1942-43 should call at 1021 Angell
Hall and fill out the blank forms for
application for renewal.
Frank E. Robbins
Freshmen and Sophomores, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
Students who will have freshman or
sophomore standing at the end of the
present semester and who plan to re-
turn either for the summer term or
the fall term should have their elec-
tions approved for the next semester
that they expect to be in residence,
as soon as possible. There will be
little or no time to sign up returning
students during the registration peri-
ods preceding either of these semes-
ters, so it is strongly urged that this
be takern careu' of now. You may1
undergraduate and graduate students
who ae candidates for the Teacher's
Certificate during the academic year
will be held in the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theater on Tuesday, May 5, at
4:15 p.m. This Convocation is spon-
sored by the School of Education;
and members of other faculties, stu-
dents, and the general public are
cordially invited. Vice-President Yoa-
kum will preside at the Convocation
and Di. DeWitt S. Morgan, Super-
intendent of Schools, Indianapolis,
Indiana will give the address.
All students who wish to apply for
assistance through the National
Youth Administration for the next
FALL TERM and SPRING TERM,
1942-43, should leave their home ad-
dresses with Miss Elizabeth A. Smith,
Room 2, University Hall, before the
close of this semester.
J. A. Bursiey, Dean of Students
Certificate of Eligibility; At the be-
ginning of each semester and sum-
mer session every student shall be
conclusively presumed to be ineligible
for any public activity until his eli-
gibility is affirmatively established
by obtaining from the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs, in
the Office of the Dean of Students, a
Certificate of Eligibility.
Before permitting any students to
participate in a public activity, the
chairman or manager of such activ-
ity shall (a) require each applicant
to present a certificate of eligibility,
(b) sign his initials on the back of
such certificate, and (c) file with the
Chairman of the Committee on Stu-
dent Affairs the names of all those
who have presented certificates of
eligibility and a signed statement to
exclude all others from participation.
Blanks for the chairmen's lists may
be obtained in the Office of the Dean
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers will meet Monday at 12:10 in
the Founders' Room Michigan Un-
ion. Members of all departments are
cordially invited. There will be. a
brief talk on "Der Oberstaatssekretar
Samuel Pepys" by Mr. H. T. Price.
To Men Students Living in Room-
ing Houses: The full amount ocf room
rent for the second seinester is due
and payable on or before Thursday,
May 7, 1942. The academic credits
of students owing room rent may be
held up upon request of the house-
holders to do so.
(C. T. Olmsted,
Assistant Dean of Students
The Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information has re-
ceived the following information
from the H. J. Heinz Company.
"A representative of the H. J.
Heinz Company will interview stu-
dents who desire summer vacation
jobs, in room 304 Michigan Union
on Wednesday, May 6.
"These summer positions are in con-
nection with our seasonal work of
inspecting receiving and salting
pickles in rural Michigan."
Further information may be ob-
tained by calling at the office of the
Bureau of Appointments and -
201 Mason Hall
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion has received notice of the follow-
ing Civil Service Examinations. Last
date for filing application is noted
in each case:
Michigan State Civil Service
Parole Board Member VI, salary,
$525 per month, May 20, 1942.
Adult Probations Corrections Ad-
ministrator VI, $525 per month, May
Procedures Analyst , salary, $155
per month, May 20, 1942.
Procedures Analyst II, $250 per
month, May 20, 1942.
Steeple Jack I, salary, $155 per
month, May 20, 1942.
RECENTLY three college men met on the
street and fell to discussing the diplomat,
the statesman and the prophet. "A diplomat,"
said the student of assemblies with fine orator-
ical powers, "is a man who understands the
mixed motives of men and knows how to please,
how not to pledge his support unduly, and how
to win certain goals precious to himself."
"But the statesman," said the man of govern-
mental affairs, whose maturity lends caution to
his aspiration, "is my ideal. He, too, knows men
and is wise enough to promise sparingly, keep
away from the uncured social movements, but
always appear just in the nick of time with a
winning enterprise to satisfy the people and se-
cure the verdict of today as well as the approval
"The prophet," said the third, "is a romantic
and prodigal man compared to the diplomat and
is very unwise compared to the statesman."
Then he observed, "However, at his best he is
sacrificial and willing to stake all on what ought
to be, regardless of consequences. He has usually
been there ten years ahead of the statesman
and a quarter of a century before the diplomat,
but the cemetary alone carries the record of his
deeds. Or perhaps they are alive deep in the
which ought to be tends to make him a bit un-
real and to isolate him from the people. He
lives a lonely life, seems always to be pushing
upstream while he neglects the opportunities to
enjoy the current. This may be why there is a
gap between the churchmen, of which there are
millions, and the prophetic person, a few in
On the contrary, the diplomat, indifferent as
to ethical status, is always near to his fellow
men, and his life is warmed by their shared ex-
perience. If to have friends is part of the
world's work, then he may yet be counted with
those elect souls of merit. As to the statesman,
his work entails isolation from those battles in
which men engage with sweat, fear, and daring
while the issues are but partly known and- the
initial discoveries of social values are being ham-
mered out. Hence, the statesman may be pay-
ing too dearly for the approval of history and
his career may seem quite as far from reality as
that of his friend the prophet.
"IN SELECTING 'THE OCCUPATION," they
agreed, "before one gets his aptitudes cali-
pered by the psychological clinic or the voca-
tional guidance experts, he should decide which
services are most needed in an age of disloca-