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April 12, 1942 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-04-12

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Weather
Little Chaange

Y

itt

aitl

Eitorial
Bataan Defenders'
Heroism Praised

VOL. LIL No. 143 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUTDAY, APRIL 12, 1942

Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

New

V-1

Program Nois Fills

I .

l

In Naval Training
To Be Given Here

Navy Department
University As
For Enlistment

Chooses
Center
Plan

if

i

Post As Head
Of Congress
John Frazier Is Appointed
Secretary; Albert Wohi
Is Executive Secretary
New President Is
Active On Campus
Congress, Independent Men's Or-
ganization, reached into its bag of
candidates for office and yesterday
came up with two Michigan boys to
head activties for the coming year.
Norton Norris, '43, of Detroit, was
appointed president and John Fraz-
ier, '43, of Dearborn, was named sec-

Underclassmen
Will BeEligible
By HOMER SWANDER
Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox
yesterday notified President Ruthven
that the University has been desig-
nated one of the nation's centers for
the new V-1 program.
Under this plan freshmen and
sophomores between the ages of 17
and 19 will be given the opportunity
to enlist in the Navy and at the same
time continue their college education
with the possibility of qualifying as a
Naval Officer within two years.
After the enrollees-to be desig-
nated Apprentice Seamen on the in-
active list-have successfully com-
Detailed instructions for enlist-
ing in Class V-1 of the Naval Re-
serve will appear in The Daily as
soon as they are available.
pleted approximately one-and-a-half
years of regular college work they
will be required to take a compre-
hensive examination prepared by the
Navy.
Those who rank sufficiently high
in the examination and who meet
the physical requirements then have
their choice of two Naval programs-
V-5 '(Aviation Cadet) or V-7 (Deeak
and Engineering Officers).
May Finish School Year
Volunteers for the former will be
permitted to finish at least the see-
on calendar year of college work and
will then be called to active duty to
receive training for their Jobs as com-
missioned officers in the Naval Air
Corps..
Those students who choose the V-7
program are to continue in the Uni-
versity until they have received their
bachelor's degree. Upon graduation
they will be ordered to active service
for training as a Deck or Engineer-
ing Officer.
V-1 trainees who do not qualfy for
either of the officer's training pro-
grams will be called to active duty as
Apprentice Seamen at the conclu-
sion of their second calendar year of
academic work. Any student who
fails to pass his college work or drops
out of school may also be ordered to
active duty by the Navy at any time.
Mathematics Required
While the basic scholastic program
ordinarily followed by University un-
derclassmen is not interfered with
all the V-I candidates will be required
to take certain elementary courses in
algebra, plane trigonometry, plane
geometry and general physics.
Each student will also be required
to take a minimum of four-and-a-
half hours rigorous physical training
per week. Designed to develop rug-
gedness and endurance on the part
of the trainees, the Navy terms the
course a "hardening program."
The suggested plan includes three
one-and-a-half hour periods per
week, each period to be divided into
two parts. The first 45 minutes is to
be devoted to calisthenics, obstacle
racing, mass combat activities and
rough and tumble drills. The second
part would include competitive ac-
tivities such as boxing, wrestling,
track, swimming, handball, touch
football, soccer and speedball.
New Freshmen Accepted '
The Navy has also announced that
qualified high school seniors who pre-
sent credentials of their acceptance
for enrollment in the freshman class
of the University may be accepted
for immediate enlistment in Class
V-1.
Both University and Navy officials
have emphasized that persons enter-
ing upon V-1 training are performing
a service to the country. In his tele-
gram to President Ruthven, Secre-
tary Knox pointed out that "young
men who apply for enlistment and
training under this plan . . . will be
serving the nation if they continue
their college courses no less than
those ... alumni who are already in

active service."
Four Will Be Inducted
Into AlphaOmega Alpha
One member of the faculty of the

Fishbein Talk'
Will Consider
War Medicine.
Dr. Morris Fishbein, editor of the
Journal of the American Medical
Society and well-known writer on
medical subjects, will speak on
"American Medicine and the War"
at a public lecture at 8:30 p.m. to-
morrow in the Rackham Lecture Hall.
Noted for his work in medical or-
ganizations, upholding the national
medical societies, Dr. Fishbein has
been a medical journalist since 1915.
Among his books are "Mirrors of
Medicine," "The Human Body and
its Care," "Shattering Health Super-
stitions," "Syphilis" and "Your Diet
and Your Health."
A graduate of Rush Medical Col-
lege in 1912, he has since contributed
articles to such magazines as the
Pictorial Review, American Mercury,
and the Saturday Evening Post. He
also has written popular articles on
medicine for the NEA syndicate.
Dr. Fishbein's lecture, on a subject
of interest both to the medical pro-
fession and the general public, will
be given under the auspices of Alpha
Omega Alpha, honorary medical fra-
ternity.
New Chemists
Needed To Fill
War Positions
University Will Attempt
To Alleviate Shortage
,With Further Training
The demand in essential war in-
dustries for chemists and chemical
engineers-two of the most impor-
tant units of our production army-
will far exceed the supnly in 1942
and succeeding years.
This year alone from 2.000 t:o ,.000
more trained men in the field will be}
needed than are to be graduated or
otherwise available, according to the
latest figures of the American Chem-
ical Society. In addition, the Na-
tional Roster of Scientific and Tech-
nical Personnel indicates that while
there are 10,000 chemistry majors
now in American colleges and uni-
versities, many times that number
will be needed in the near future.
In spite of this appalling short-
age, a recent survey shows that the
output of chemists from the nation's
educational institutions is not in-
creasing-in fact, has actually de-
creased since last year.
The University has taken steps to
help in alleviating the shortage by
including sufficient courses this sum-
mer to allow students to plan a satis-
factory program. The longer Sum-
mer Term will include a practically
complete program for undergradu-
Turn to Page 2, Col. 2

Countrywide
China Relief
DriveBegins
Ruthven, Fowler To Lead
Ann Arbor Campaign;
Local Goal Is $3,000
Nationally and locally, the United
China relief campaign will begin to-
day under the combined auspices of
nine nation-wide organizations.
The drive for $7,000,000 from the
nation was introduced to the public
yesterday with a national radio net-
work program. A message from Pres-
ident Roosevelt was read aind Wen-
dell Willkie, honorary chairman of
the campaign, spoke.
Fourfold in purpose the drive wiU
secure funds for relief and rehabili-
tation in China, attempt to reassure
the Chinese people of staunch Ameri-
can friendship, acquaint Americans
with China's problems and signifi-
cance and unify aid-to-China efforts.
All-Inclusive Aid Pledged
Aid to beseiged, embattled China
will include direct relief of food,
clothing and shelter, medical aid,
care of needy children, industrial ex-
pansion and reconstruction and the
training of skilled workers and lead-
ers.
Locally the quota for the drive is
$3,000. Honorary chairman of the
Ann Arbor China Relief Committee
will be President Alexander G. Ruth-
ven, and R. Earl Fowler, local banker,
will act as executive chairman.
Campus solicitations among wo-
men students will be handled by a
committee headed by Miss Ethel Mc-
Cormick, social director of women.
Other members of the committee
will be Natalie Mattern, '45, sorority
collections, and Lorraine Judson, '43,
women's dormitories and League
Houses.
Carrothers To Head Drive
Head of the Bureau of Cooperation
with Educational Institutions, Prof.
George E. Carrothers, will head the
drive among faculty members. Dr.
A. C. Kerlikowske will direct solici-
tations at the University Hospital.
University drives will be assisted
by the Chinese students. They will
speak at campus and local meetings
for the campaign.
Collection boxes for contributions
will be placed in various parts of the
campus to reach students who have
not been solicited from other sources.

McMahon To Keynote Michigan
Post-War Conference Friday

Defenders Of Corregidor
Keep Up Stubborn Fight;
In dia Rej ects British Plan

NORTON NORRIS

retary. They will be formally induct-
ed to office at a later date.
Also named to fill a senior post
was Albert Wohl,.'43,.of Middleburgh,
N.Y. He will be new executive secre-
tary of the organization.
Detroit Free Press reporter and
legman last summer. Norris was Win-
ter Parley personnel chairman on

Pres. Ruthven Will Speak;
Three Panels Scheduled
For Student Discussion
Dr. Francis McMahon-chairman
of the Indiana Fight For Freedom
Committee and a favorite target of
Father Charles Coughlin-will key-
note the Michigan Post-War Con-
ference scheduled for Friday and
Saturday.
Accompanying Dr. McMahon on
the speakers' platform at the general
session at 8 p.m. Friday in the Rack-
ham Auditorium will be President,
Ruthven and Prof. J. Donald Kings-
ley, editor, author and- member of
the political science department of
Antioch College.
Sponsored by the Michigan Post-
War Council, the Conference will
continue with three discussion panels
at 2 p.m. Saturday in the Union. A
graduate student in economics, poli-
tical science or sociology will lead the
discussion in each panel, and a fac-
ulty man is scheduled to be present
to offer factual information when it
is needed.
Famous Internationalist
Dr. McMahon-professor of phil-
osophy at Notre. Dame University
since 1933-haslong been one of the
nation's foremost internationalists.
In addition to being state chairmnan
of Fight For Freedom, he was one
of the founders of Freedom House
and is vice-president of the Catholic
Association for International Peace.
He has gained nation-wide atten-
tion as one of the most out-spoken
Catholics allied against Father
Charles Coughlin. In retaliation,
ECoughlin has frequently attacked.
him in his newspaper, "Social Just-
ice."
Dr. McMahon will speak Friday on
"The Fight For Freedom," in which
he "will attempt to combine in the
right proportions the need for win-
ning the war and for winning the,
peace."
Kingsley To Speak
The other out-of-town speaker,
Professor Kingsley, is also a well-
known liberal and has constantly
urged the necessity of planning now
for the peace which is to come.
Editor of the Antioch Review, he is
also co-author of the recently pub-
lished "Strategy of Democracy." His
talk at the Conference will be some-
what along this same line, as he is
scheduled to speak on "The Strategy
of the War and the Peace."
The three discussion panels on
Saturday will consider the following
questions:
1. Can we establish world-wide
economic democracy?
2. Can international politics be or-

ganized to safeguard the peace of the
future?
3. Can we overcome social and psy-
chological insecurity?
Directed by a qualified graduate
student in each field, the panels are
intended to allow student discussion
of the ideas expressed in the talks of
the keynoters andany ideas of their
own which apply to post-war prob-
lems.
A comprehensive bibliography on
planning for the peace will be dis-
tributed by the Council at the meet-
ing. This is in line with its expressed
purpose of fostering study and dis-
cussion of post-war problems.
On the back of the programs of
the keynoters and any ideas of their
vided for those interested in cooperat-
ing with the Council in future activi-
ties on the campus. Present plans
include regular meetings of a lecture-
discussion nature every two weeks.
Student Senate
*Nominations
'To Open Soon
Election To Decide Entire
Person'nel; Petitions Due
During Week In Union
Michigan's student body will have
its first chance to pump some life-
blood into a resurrected Student Sen-
ate with the opening of candidates'
petitioning Wednesday through Mon-
day from 3 to 5 p.m.in the Union.
Twenty-five signatures plus one
dollar registration fee are required of
all prospectiveaspirants for the nine
posts open. The election April 24
will see an entirely new Senate as
none of the present members are
considered incumbent.
Ballot positions are open to men
and women students in every Univer-
sity school and college, according to
Harold Klein, '42, chairman of the
Senate elections committee. Eligi-
bility cards are required.
This election will be the first sen-
atorial contest since a complete con-
stitutional reorganization plan was
adopted. It will choose a nine-mem-
ber Senate instead of the previous
body of 30.
Many campus quarters look to the
forthcoming senate election as a final
barometer of student interest in rep-
resentative government. The previous
senate had voted its reorganization
after much criticism of certain ineffi-
ciencies basic in a body as large as
30 members.
The Senate to be selected will be
a policy-making body without any of
the committee functions which have
'hampeyed past campus solons. A
special administrative unit, respon-
sible to the Senate, will be set up
under the new constitution to per-
form these functions.

JOHN FRAZIER
campus last year. He is also secre-
tary of the University Junior Na-
tional Education Association, secre-
tary of the Pilgrim Fellowship, is on
the staff of the International Cen-
ter and is a member of the University
Naval Affairs Club.
In Congress, he was recording sec-
Turn to Page 6, Col. 3

Faculty Drive
Aims To Help1
SovietRelief
Under the direction of Prof. John
F. Shepard, of the psychology de-
partment, a two-week drive will be
initiated tomorow by the faculty Rus-
sian War Relief division.
Funds will be utilized to purchase
medical and surgical supplies for
Russia, including anesthesia masks,
dressing and instrument sterilizers,
gauze, wound clips, hospital field
tents and certain vital drugs. Clo-
thing and reference books will sup-
plement the RWR supplies.
Letters written by Professor Shep-
ard will be sent tomorrow morning
to all faculty members, asking for
contributions. Donations will be ac-
cepted by Prof. Leroy Waterman,
chairman of the Department of Ori-
ental Languages and treasurer of the
local RWR group, and may be paid
in one sum or according to an in-
stallment plan advocated by Profes-
sor Shepard.
The local RWR organization, head-
ed by Prof. Stanley Dodge, of the
geography department, is composed
of three individual units, known as
the student, faculty and townspeo-
ple RWR groups, led by Harry Stutz,
Professor Shepard, and Mrs. Lila
Pargment of the Russian language
department, respectively.
Dr. Emersoii
To Give Talk

Japanese Troops, Planes
Force Assault On Cebu;
CorregidorUnder Fire
British Withdrawal
Endangers Burma
By RICHARD MCMURRAY
(Associated Press War Editor)
The battle-stained men of Corregi-
dor fought valiantly on last night
while the Japanese extended their
invasion of the Philippines with cost-
ly landings on Cebu, and in India the
Allied defense problem was compli-
cated enormously by the rejection of
a British offer of dominion status.
The thunder of battle came even
closer to India when the British
defenders of next-door Burma with-
drew to 58 miles north of Prome,
and the Japanese advanced over the
bodies of 2,000 of their dead against
the Chinese armies deployed along
the Sittang front,
Australia was quiet, and the sea
and air action in the Bay of Bengal
appeared to have died down after
punishing blows to the British Navy
and to the enemy's sky force.
Submarine Scores
A United States submarine cruising
the western Pacific sank a 7,000 ton
merchant ship and a submarine cha-
ser and scored hits on a 4,000 ton
freighter.
Bombers and artillery, based
around Manila Bay and on Bataan
Peninsula where the epic defense of
four months ended Thursday, hurled
shell after shell upon the two mile
square fortress of Corregidor and its
nearby strongholds. Despite the in-
tensity of the bombardments, te
damage was small and the csualties
among the hungri and weary heroea
were slight. Corregidor's big guns
duelled with enemy shore batteries.
The Japanese insisted their war-
ships had joined in the shelling, but
this was unconfirmed as was a Japa-
nese claim of the capture of six boat-
loads of United States troops fleeing
Bataan.
Fate Unknown
Whether the U.S. and Filipino
troops on the rocky peninsula had
surrendered in exhaustion or whether
some had escaped to harry the over-
whelming number of Japanese in
guerrilla warfare was not known.
The landing at several points on
Cebu, a narrow island well to the
south of Luzoh, were made by 12,000
enemy troops protected by dive-
bombers and naval vessels. Defend-
ing troops inflicted frightful casual-
ties and held the invaders in small
pockets. The Japanese landed tanks
to continue their drive in the moun-
tainous island. The Japanese said
they had captured burning Cebu, sec-
ond city of the Philippines.
An unspecified number of dog-
tired soldiers and nurses joined the
3,500 marines and sailors evacuated
to Corregidor in hair-taising escapes
from Bataan. Some swam through
the shark-infested waters.
Jag Flag Flies
The Japanese claimed their flag
was planted on the southernmost tip
of Bataan, the defense of which had
caused one Japanese commander to
commit suicide in frustration. The
enemy also reported the attempted
surrender of the Bataan forces, but
his story lacked details as to numbers
and time.
Bataan's defense had not been in
vain. Manila Bay-finest harbor in
the western Pacific-still was de-
nied to the Japanese fleet by Corregi-
dor. One battleship and six other
large vessels had been sunk and more
than 200 planes, many of them large
bombers, had been shot from the
aid. Unspecified thousands of Japa-
nese soldiers had been killed and
huge amounts of Japanese materiel

had been destroyed or used up.
Quarterdeck Announces
List Of New Members
The Quarterdeck Society of mar-
ine engineers and naval architects,
announces the following new mem-
bers elected to the organization:
James Bourquin, '42E, William
Brown, '42E, Walter Cowles, '42E,
Frank Ford, '42E, Robert Getts, '42E,

Indian Student Says New Offer
Of English Cloaks Imperialismi

i

I -
i ,

HOPWOOD ENTRIES
All manuscripts to be entered in
the amiual Avery Hopwood liter-
ary competition must be submit-
ted before 4:30 p.m. tomorrow in
Room 3221 Angell hail.

,i
University Band Under Revelli
Will Pr1esent Coneert Tuesday

<i -

By GEORGE W. SALLADE'
India rejected Great Britain's pro-
posals because ithe offer of Dominion
status was merely a cloak for an-
other form of imperialism, Dr. Cam-
ala Kosambi emphatically claimed in
an interview yesterday.
Dr. Kosambi who has just com-
pleted her studies for a Doctor of
Philosophy degree in the School of
Education is a native of Poona, a
city near Bombay. She has been in
this country for four years.
"The British," Dr. Kosambi said,
"promise with one hand and take
away with the other." In the sug-
gested Council of Fifteen which was
to be made up entirely of elected In-
dian representatives, they reserved a
post for a British officer and made
the Indian members appointees of
the viceroy.
India Willing To Fight
India is willing and anxious to
fight Japan. The entire nation de-
spises totalitarianism. When Japan

any British promises because of the
outcome of similar plans in the past.
In the first World War India was
promised Dominion status and ac-
cordingly entered the war against
Germany, contributing heavily to the
Allied war effort. Massacres and
martial law followed the war. Other
more recent promises have all met a
similar fate.
Government Act Negated
In 1937 the Government of India
Act which held forth autonomy for
the provinces was negated by the
provision that the British Governor
could veto any act passed by the pro-
vincial Indian councils.
Dr. Kosambi criticized the Ameri-
can press for its biased presentation
of the Indian question. The view-
points of the Indian people were not
made clear. The mistaken impression
that the Congress Party is mainly
a Hindu group has been given by
press reports. In reality, Dr. Kosambi
explained, the party is non-sectarian

By CHARLES THATCHER

Public isetIIh To Ut. e fopie
Of Vetur(}e l Il1 (ay
One of America's outstanding med-
ical figures, Dr. Haven Emerson of
Columbia University, will discuss
"Public Health in Wartime" at 8 p.m.
Tuesday in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre.
Dr. Emerson will tell of the work of
the doctor in the front lines of war
and on the home front. His will be
the third in a series of five lectures

The music of contemporary com-
posers in general is to be featured, to
be sure, but it will be the music of
Roy Harris which will be the particu-
lar attraction when the University
Concert Band under the direction of
Prof. William D. Revelli presents its
annual Spring Concert at 8:30 p.m.
Tuesday in Hill Auditorium.
In Mr. Harris's own words, "We
Americans have new, swift, strong,
clear music in us and we can best
express it with a broad knowledge of
the resources of music as a living
language," and it will be such a
knowledge which will be demonstra-
ted in his works to be played on the
program.
Outstanding feature of the eve-
ning will be the appearance of his
wife, Johana Harris, as piano soloist
in the world premiere performance
of his new "Concerto for Piano and
Band," one of the first works of its
kind.

ROY HARRISI

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