THE M'CHIGAN DAILY
By TOM THUMB
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NIGHT EDITOR: EUGENE MANDEBERG
The editorials published in The Micligan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
. . .
DEMOCRACY has hit a new low with
the latest escapade of the Standard
Oil Company, and a few more of the slogan
quoters now find themselves in an embarassing
position. homehow we find it hard to grasp the
fact that men in "responsible" positions could
sell out the United States, or try to, and then
apologize by saying that perhaps it wasn't the
wisest thing to do under the circumstances.
Somehow we find it hard to believe that men
can be so grossly stupid, or profit mad, that they
would give Germany the rights on one means to
our own defeat.
But perhaps we should have seen long ago
that "democracy" is an end to the little people
and a means to the big boys. Each time a situa-
tion such as this has arisen, the public has
reared in righteous wrath for a few days, and
then cooled off to its usual complacency again.
The times when the American public has been
mad long enough to do something constructive
about the mis-users of our form of government
have been pitifully few. And what is even more
pitiful, the majority of those times of arouse-
ment have been used to step on the wrong party.
And even this time perhaps the Standard Oil's
"neatest trick of the week" will have some effect
on the anti-labor legislation and perhaps it
won't. Men like Representative Smith are
strangely unmoved by oil scandals, if they think
too much about it they might get uncomfortable.
But right now is the time to strike, and strike
hard to enterprises such as Standard Oil.
Right now, while the few people who read
more than the comics and the war news are
aware that the rottenness of this deal is what
we are supposed to be fighting, let us do some-
thing concrete to stop more affairs like this
one. Right now let us start an all-out war at
home that will clean out the men who think
and act on the premise that democracy is for
those who have the reins. We cannot put this
off, tomorrow the public may be totally ab-
sorbed in the fact that another Standard Oil
tanker was sunk off the Atlantic, and see abso-
lutely no connection with what is going on
And to stop merely with Standard O l would
be of little value. We must go further in this
all-important housecleaning. We must take
Pelley, Coughlin, Girdler, Lewis, McNear, under
consideration. We must include the National
Association of Manufacturers as well as the
totalitarian end of the labor unions. We must do
a complete job and do it now. If we do not knock
these tin gods off their cushions while they are
a bit shaky, they will add new rivets for security.
If there was ever a time to explode the sanctity
of wealth as immunity to law, sense and common
decency, right now is that time. We may not
have the opportunity to act later,
Labor Lies Divide America
No Nazi agent could hope for a better break
than to divide America at this perilous time by
ABOUT TWO WEEKS AGO this column
pointed out that Hitler is probably chuckling
at the aid we're giving him by imprisoning an
arch-enemy of Nazism on a trumped-up Nazi
charge. I appealed that in the name of civil
liberties, Earl Browder, secretary of the Com-
munist Party, be released from Atlanta Peni-
tentiary, where he has already served one year
of a four-year sentence.
Shortly after that column appeared, I received
a 'call from the Detroit Citizen's Committee to
Free Earl Browder asking me if I should like to
attend a mass meeting in New York City. I was
hesitant at first, but after an independent local
committee had collected contributions, I became
I am interested in the Browder case as a viola-
tion of civil liberties. It is purely and simply a
political persecution and is a direct copy of Hit-
ler's Nazi methods. We ask everybody to join us
in the fight against Nazism and we praise the
gallant fight of the Red Army-yet we lock up
Earl Browder, who, no matter what you think of
his politics, is an outstanding anti-Fascist.
TO TELL THE TRUTH, I was a little reluctant
to go to the New York meeting. I thought I
might be too much of an outsider to enter into
the rally. But when I got on the special railroad
coach from Detroit and met the delegates, my
fears were allayed.
Most of the delegates were from union locals,
many of them from the UAW. There were some
from church and educational groups. It was a
very friendly party and I found that most of
them were liberals who wanted merely to see
justice done. I sat next to a colored }doy of about
21, a representative of his church's young peo-
ple's league. He was interested in writing poetry.
There were two pacifist students from the Uni-
WASHINGTON - Behind the scenes, Jesse
Jones fought to the bitter end against losing his
bottlenecking control over loans to small busi-
With the Army, Navy and War Production
Board tearing their hair over Jesse's penny-
pinching obstructionism, and with Congress get-
ting ready to legislate against him, the President
finally notified Jones he would have to relinquish
authority over small loans. Jones protested vig-
orously but Roosevelt directed that the necessary
executive order be drafted.
Jones sat in on this drafting conference of
war production chiefs, where he made a final
effort to stave off the axe.
His first move was to suggest that lawyers be
called in to pass on the legality of stripping his
"Jesse," said Sidney Weinberg, special assis-
tant to Donald Nelson, "you've created enough
bottlenecks, without having a bunch of lawyers
in to create any more. The President has ordered
this done and under the War Powers Act he has
the authority to do it. No lawyers are needed
to pass on the matter."
.Jones then shifted his argument to an old
favorite of his, the questionable soundness of
loans to little business men.
"Suppose these loans that will be made under
the proposed new setup don't pay out," he said.
"After the war you people will be blamed. We've
made all our loans on sound credit rules."
"Yes, but these are war times," retorted Wein-
berg, "and the controlling principle is not sound
credit rules but war production needs. Further,
why are you always worrying about money. Af-
ter the war none of us will have much money, so
why worry about it. There are a lot of other
things in life far more important."
To witness his signing of the executive order,
the President invited Senators Murray, Mont.,
Mead, N. Y., and Capper, Kan. This was much-
merited recognition of their long fight for little
One other man also deserved a public pat on
the back, but was not invited. Probably Roosevelt
(lidn't know him. Only a few insiders do.
He is Shreves Coles Badger, retiring, liberal
Chicago investment a;niiker, who has been quietly
after Jones' scalp.
Summoned to Washington in the ierly days of
the old OPM to help little business, Badger ran
up against the iron-handed policy of Jesse Jones
in every move he made. After months of vain
effort, Badger finally compiled a report on 2,000
sub-contractors kept out of war production be-
cause of inability to get needed Moans from Jones.
Armed with this devastating document, Badger
began a quiet but tenacious crusade against
Jones, soon had the Army, Navy, WPB and Con-
gress lined up against him. This proved one
combination the bulky Texan couldn't lick.
When word reached Badger of the executive
order's taking small loans away from Jesse, he
remarked, "Well, I may have worked myself out
of a job, but it's a pleasure. Mr. Jones also has
been worked out of one."
versity of Chicago. There were representatives
of the Michigan Civil Rights Federation. The
interesting thing was that they all were wide-
awake citizens. They were alive to the injustice
being done and they were on their way to New
York to fulfill their duty as citizens in a democ-
racy to see what they could do about it.
There were almost 1,200 delegates from all over
the country in addition to a large number of
observers (such as D, who packed New York
City's large Manhattan Center to capacity.
M OSTLY the delegates were Union members,
church members or students. They cheered
the speech of Joseph Curran, leader of the Na-
tional Maritime Union, and New York City
Councilman, Hon. Clayton Powell, who really
hit the nail on the head when he'said: "Anyone
who confuses Communism with the Earl Browder
case doesn't understand democracy. When injus-
tice triumphs over justice--race, creed and po-
litical belief do not matter. The important thing
is not the individual, but the freedom of de-
Morris Mintz, Democratic New York State
Assemblyman, said "If you feel that (Earl Brow-
der) is subversive, then try him on a political
charge," terming the arrest as a "violation of
the Jeffersonian precepts of government."
But the most popular speaker was Paul Robe-
son, the famed Negro baritone, who said in his
deep, rich voice: "I can't rest easy until he's
)N THE WHOLE the rally was a genuine ap-
peal to the principles of civil liberties. It was
heartening to see people who took such a genuine
interest in their democracy-a democracy which
cannot die so long as citizens continue to safe-
guard it so zealously.
True, there were many people there whose
interests were not so much on the side of civil
liberties as toward releasing the man whom they
This was the plea and the keynote of the rally:
Mr. Roosevelt, in the interests of democracy,
please release Earl Browder, who has been im-
prisoned on a political charge.
Such methods as this meeting will keep de-
mocracy free, vital, dynamic. The method of
the mass meeting is purely an American one-
the method of a phony, one-sided court trial,
such as the one at Riom and the one in New
York City at which Earl Browder was convicted
on a fake passport charge, is distinctly a tool of
Let's keep the Nazis away from America and
America away from the Nazis.
Bach, Chorale-Prelude "wachet auf, ruft uns die
Stimme"; Brahms, Serenade, Op. 11, No. 1; Wagner,
Good Friday Spell from "Parsifal"; Dvorak, Slavonic
Dance, Op. 46, No. 15. Delius, Concerto in C minor
for Piano and Orchestra. University Symphony
Orchestra, Thor Johnson, conductor; Maud Okkel-
IN ITS THIRD CONCERT of the season the
University Symphony Orchestra presented to
a good-sized audience in Hill Auditorium a
varied and interesting program which ranged
in style from Bach to the contemporary Delius.
The entire concert was extremely gratifying, for
Mr. Johnson upheld, almost from beginning to
end, the professional standard of performance
which .he has of late established with this or-
chestra. In fact, we felt that there was a not-
able improvement over past concerts in that
the balance between the sections of the orches-
tra was practically perfect. Tonally, not much
more could be asked, particularly in the brasses,
and the strings seem to have gained in sonority
and roundness of tone over previous perform-
The Bach Chorale-Prelude, transcribed for or-
chestra by Eugene Ormandy, showed a nice re-
straint while yet maintaining the depth of feel-
ing which is inherent in the work. Fine phras-
ing of the strings and a well-chosen and not too
slow tempo gave it a definitive and puriiposeful
Probably the high point of the first part, of
the program was the Brahms "Serenade"; Mr.
Johnson gave this work a reading which grasped
perfectly the style and moods of the Master. The
work was given an esprit and an integration
throughout by a clear though not too sharp de-
fining of themes and a fine balance of parts. The
conductor also avoided the frequently commit-
ted mistake of giving Brahms slow movements
and passages too languorous a character, which
often results in their falling apart. In this work
particularly the woodwinds should be credited
for the fine ensemble work they produced. The
Good Friday Spell was ma gnificent Ior its
breadth of concept, intensity of feeling, and
evenly buil, clanmactic pasSages Probably the
finest ensele wodrk (loi by the orchestra was
in this composition. Dvorak's Slavonic Dance,
which closed the first half, was flung off with
an eclat and intensity which (lid not sacrifice
tone or precision.
r 'HEDELIUS CONCERTO, which comprised
the second half of the program, was given
an excellent and completely artistic perforn-
ance by the soloist, Maud Okkelberg. Though
the work is technically very difficult, Mrs. Ok-
kelberg was more than adequately able to cope
with it, for she possesses a beautiful technique.
In pianissimo passages and in solo parts her tone
was of great beauty. and through sheer artistry
she was able to give coherence and some measure
of meaning to what is mainly a virtuoso display
Unfortunately there were many moments
(Continued from Page 2)
Civil Service Positions for Men" will
be presented by Mr. Thomas J. Wil-
son, State Personnel Director, Michi-
gan State. Civil Service Commission,
and Mr. Edward H. Litchfield, Chief,
Division of Research and Training,
Michigan State Civil Service Com-
mission, will speak on "State Civil
Service Positions for Women."
All meetings will be held in the
Rackham Lecture Hall.
University Bureau of Appointments
and Qccupational Information
Freshmen, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Freshmen may
not drop courses without E grade
after Saturday, April 4. In adminis-
tering this rule, students with less
than 24 hours of credit are consider-
ed freshmen. Exceptions may be
made in extraordinary circumstances,
such as severe or long continued ill-
E. A. Walter
Program on "The University and
the State" Cancelled: Owing to de-
mands of war activities which involve
some of tle scheduled participants,
it has been necessary to postpone the
open meeting of the University of
Michigan District of the Michigan
Education Association scheduled for
Thursday evening, April 2, in the
Rackham Amphitheater. In view of
the number of meetings of various
kinds to be held on campus in the
near future, it does not seem wise
to schedule a date for this meeting
during the present semester.
Edgar G. Johnston, President
University of Michigan District
Mi'chigan Education Association.
School of Music, School of Educa-
tion, College of Architecture and De-
sign: Midsemester reports indicating
students enrolled in these units do-
ing unsatisfactory work in any unit
of the University are due in the office
of the school on Saturday, April 4, at'
noon. Report blanks for this pur-
pose may be secured from the office
of the school or from Room 4, Uni-
Robert L. Williams,
Seminar in Physical Chemistry
will meet today in Room 410 Chem-
istry Building at 4:15 p.m. Mr.
Lawrence B. Scott will speak on
"Resonance in Organic Chemistry."
Preliminary Ph.D. Examinations in
Economics will be held during the
week beginning May 4. Qualified
students wishing to write the exam-
inations should leave their names in
the Department office as soon as
Speech 132 and 190: Professor
Densmore will not meet his classes
May Festival Tickets: The over-
the-counter sale of remaining May
Festival tickets, both for the season
and for individual concerts, will be-
gin Monday morning, April 6, and will
continue so long as tickets last, at
the offices of the University Musical
Society, Burton Memorial Tower.
Prices, including tax, are: Season
tickets (six concerts) $8.80, $7.70
and $6.60. (If Festival coupon from
current Choral Union season ticket
is returned, deduct $3.30 from above
prices). Individual concerts: main
floor $2.75, first balcony $2.20, and
the top balcony $1.65 and $1.10.
Orders received by mail or left at
the offices of the Society prior to
Friday noon, April 3, will be filled in
sequence in advance.
Charles A. Sink, President.
The Ann Arbor Art Association, in
connection with its present exhibi-
tion, An Introduction to Architec-
ture, presents two evenings of re-
corded music under the direction of
Richard Lippold of the Architecture
faculty, tonight and Thursday from
8:00 to 10:00 p.m. in the Rackham
Galleries. Following a brief informal
talk on the music, authentic examples
of e the Egyptian, Classic, Medieval,
Baroque, and Modern periods will be
presented. The public is cordially in-
Exhhiticon : An Introducion to
Architecture. An ('laborate educa-
tional exhibition produced by the
Ann Arbor Art Association in collab-
oration with the College of Architec-
ture and Design. This exhibition is
intended to give the layman a better
understanding of the meaning of
architecture, to demonstrate the
modern techniques of museum dis-
play of visual materials as instru-
ments of education, and for its ap,
peal to those interested in art. The
exhibit is in the Rackham Galleries,
and will continue through April 4.
Open (aily, 2-5 and 7-10, except Sun-
days. The public is cordially invited
Exhibition, College of Architec-
ture and Design: Color schemes and
arrangements by the Interior Design
classes. Weaving by primitive Mexi-
"-and with a few drinks under their belts they're the finest
demolition squad in any army-every man has had years of
experience at every sort of party."
books, handicraft, and pamphlets is
on display through Saturday, April
4. This is a traveling exhibit loaned
by Library Service Division, U. S.
Office of Education, Hours, 8:00-
12:00 a.m., 1:30-5:00 p.m., Monday
through Friday. 8:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m.
University Lecture: Ralph W.
Chaney, Professor of Paleontology
and Curator, University of Califor-
nia, will lecture on the subject, "For-
ests on a Changing Earth" (illus-
trated), under the auspices of the
Departient of Botany, today at 4:15
p.m. in the Natural Science Aud tor-
ium. The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Carl G.
Rossby of the Institute- of Meteorol-
ogy, University of Clicago, will lec-
ture on the subject, "Recent Develop-
ments in the Science of Meteorology,"
under the auspices of the Depart-
ments of Aeronautical Engineering,
Astronomy, Geography, and Geology,
on Thursday, April 9, at 4:15 p.m. in
the Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. John Al-
brecht Walz, Professor Emeritus of
Germanic Languages and Literatures,
Harvard University, will lecture on
the subject, "Goethe," under the au-
spices of the Department of German-
ic Languages andLiteratures, on Fri-
day, April 10, at 4:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheater. The public
is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. M. S. Di-
mand, Curator of Near Eastern Art
in the Metropolitan Museum of Art,
New York City, will lecture on the
subject, "Coptic Art of the Arabic
Period" (illustrated), under the aus-
pices of the Institute of Fine Ats,
at 4:15 p.m. on Wednesday, April 22,
in the Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is cordially invited.
French Lecture: The lecture of
Dr. Clifford H. Prator scheduled for
today has been cancelled.
La Sociedad Hispanica will present
Mr. Harold Wethey of the Fine Arts
Department as the last lecturer of
the current series, on Thursday,
April 2, at 4:15 p.m., in Room D,
Alumni Memorial Hall.
He will speak on "Spanish Art in
the Golden Age." There will be no
admission charge and both faculty
and students are cordially invited.
Lectures on Military Law, War,
and Emergency Legislation: The final
lecture in this series, "Price Control
Legislation," by Professor Paul G.
Kauper, of the Law School, scheduled
for 4:00 p.m. today at 150 Hutchins
Hall, has been postponed.
Decpairtnmen t.of ournalism Coffee
lour: Prof. Wesley H. Maurer will
review "Employment Security Mem-
oranduin No. 18" at the fourth cof-
fee hour of the Department of Jour-
nalism at 4:00 p.m. today. The dis-
cussion will deal with the organiza-
tion of the labor mobilization pro-
gram in the U.S. and the various
policies proposed by labor and man-
agement. This is open to all stu-
Pre-Medical Society: There will be
a meeting of the Pre-Medical Society
tonight at 8:00 in the Michigan Un-
ion. Captain D. Bulmer will discuss
the Medical R.O.T.C. and its rela-
tion to the war effort. A question
period and smoker will follow Cap-
tain Bulmer's talk. -All pre-meds
A.S.M.E., Student Branch, will
meet at 7:30 tonight in the Kellogg
will be led by Dr. Wolff. Anyone
who is interested in German conver-
sation is invited.
The program of recorded music
at the International Center, 7:30-
9:00 tonight includes: Dvorak: So-
vanic Dances 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 11, 12,
and Beethoven: Symphony No. 3.
Everyone is invited.
Alpha Phi Omega will hold a very
important meeting tonight at 7:30 in
the Michigan Union. Everyone should
attend for the discussion of final
plans for the Bomber-Scholarship
University of Michigan Girls' Glee
Club rehearsal tonight, 7:00 to 8:00,
in the League. Please present writ-
ten excuses of absences to secre-
Polonia Society will meet this eve-
ning promptly at 7:30 in the recre-
ation room of the International Cen-
ter. Plans for Polish night will be
Zeta Phi Eta will meet today at
4:00 p.m. Election of officers. At-
Association Discussion Group: Mr.
Neil Staebler will discuss the com-
munity responsibilities of a citizen
at Lane Hall tonight at 7:30.
The Patrons Committee for the
Frosh Project will meet today at
3:00 p.m. in the League.
The Ticket Committe of the Frosh
Project will meet in the League at
4:00 p.m. today. The room will be
posted on the bulletin board. Role
will be called.
"Under the Gaslight" by Augustin
Daly opens a four- day run tonight
at the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre at
8:30. This is the final bill of the
season by Play Production of the
Department of Speech. The box-
office is open daily from 10 a.m. to
8:30 p.m. Phone 6300 for reserva-
Faculty Women's Club: The Music
Section of the Faculty Women's Club
will meet at 8:00 tonight at the home
of Mrs. A. A. Christman, 1613 Shad-
ford Rd. The Instrumental and
Choral Groups will present the pro-
gram for the annual Husband's
Michigan Dames Book Group will
meet tonight at 8:00 at the home of
Mrs. J. L. Clemmens, 1303 Prescott.
Psychological Journal Club: Mr.
W. W. Morris of Pontiac State Hos-
pital will discuss the Rorschach Test
at 7:30 p.m. on Thursday, April 2,
in the West Conference Room of
the Rackham Building. All who are
interested are cordially invited,
Attention Honorary Speech Soci-
eties: Delta Sigma Rho, Sigma Rho
Tau, Alpha Nu, and Zeta Phi Eta
are invited by Athena Literary Soci-
ety to hear Professor William Hobbs
talk on "South America and its Re-
lation to the Present War" on
Thursday, April 2, at 9:00 p.m. in the
League Kalamazoo Room.
U. of M. Flying Club will meet on
Thursday, April 2, in Room 325 of
the Union at 9:30 pm. Any persons
interested in joining the club are in-
La Sociedad Hispanica will meet
Thursday evening at 8:00 in the
Michigan League. Mrs. W. W. Blume
will give a short talk and a musical
program with Spanish Songs 'has
been arranged. Everyone interested
1 is invited. See Bulletin in League
for rom number.