c :j:e Ai rigw titi
By DREW PEARSON and ROBERT S. ALLEN
GRIN AND BEAR IT
.w eait a...w.. va....a
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
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WASHINGTON-The decision to give up dou-
ble pay for Sunday and holiday work in war
plants wasn't the only thing that happened at
the closed-door meeting of the CIO executive
board. There was a lot more that wasn't re-
leased to the press.
One sensational item was the demand of left-
wing leaders that prices and wages be frozen.
Believe it or not, but the hottest clamorers for
freezing prices and wages were Harry Bridges,
Australian-born longshoreman leader, and Joe
Curran, radical head of the seamen.
CIO and AFL leaders have vigorously opposed
this. The leftists, however, once turbulent iso-
lationists but now red-hot all-outers since the
Russo-Nazi war, loudly demanded a CIO stand
in favor of drastic regulation.
"It's time we formulated a constructive war
policy," shouted Harry Bridges. "We ought to
take the lead instead of being pushed to do
Emile Gel .
Gerald E. Burns
Janet Hooker .
Grace Miller .
. . . .Managing Editor
. . . .Editorial Director
* . . . Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
* . . . Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
Assistant Women's Editor
. . . Exchange Editor
Daniel H. Huyett
James B. Collins
Associate Business Manager
. . Women's Advertising Manager
. . Women's Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: HOWARD FENSTEMAER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
OUR STATE DEPARTMENT is at it
again. In spite of all the warnings,
the signs, the protests and the obvious results,
we, in the person of the State Department. have
made a new agreement with Vichy to send
"material" to North Africa. Exactly what this
material will consist of is left extremely vague,
but it will at least be foodstuffs, and if we can
..go by previous State Department agreements
with Vichy, it will include munitions for so-
called defensive purposes.
The fact that all such materials shipped to
North Africa fall into the hands of the Nazis
has made no impression on the State Depart-
ment. The fact that General Rommel has been
using American oil to fuel his tanks has not
stopped our officials from continuing their sense-
less policy of appeasement. And the fact that
Vichy admitted that certain items such as gaso-
line were being shipped to Germany has also
left the State Department strangely unperturbed.
They have decided on a policy of appeasement,
and they persist in it even after the British have
become fed up, and even after it has been con-
clusively proven that the material we ship for
France is used against us.
REPORTS from eye witnesses, persons who
have lived in French concentration camps in
North Africa, and reports in letters smuggled
out of the camps all tell of the uniformed Axis
commissions who come to inspect after materials
have been received, and how those materials
are taken over by the enemy for his own use.
The food which we have sent to North Africa
has never been seen by the inmates of the camps
for whom it was meant. Every French editor
who escaped after France's fall has begged high
officials to stop sending goods both to Vichy
and to North Africa because it was being wholly
used by the Nazis and Italians.
Journalists such as Pierre van Paassen have
pointed out that not only is the material we
send being used against us, but that the goal
which the State Department claims it is shoot-
ing for, the anchoring of the French fleet, will
never be reached because Admiral Darlan will
deliver it to the Germans any time he sees fit.
To this point, Darlan has replaced the entire
officers personnel with pro-Fascists. He has
complete control not only over the fleet, but
over all France as well. Petain is merely a feeble
figurehead, Darlan is the iron hand in France.
But our State Department continues to kiss his
hand, while Darlan continues to pass our offer-
ings over to the Nazis.
Either our State Department contains a
Fascistic clique which is riding roughshod
over all of America; or the men who direct its
policies are so incredibly stupid that they can-
not see the handwriting on the wall when it is
enlarged to 100 times it natural sie, and
translated. In any event, it is the State De-
partment of the United States which is directly
responsible for a part of the German successes
both in North Africa and in Europe. They are
feeding German soldiers, they are fueling Ger-
man tanks, they are murdering Allied soldiers,
America has remained passive while the State
Department sent scrap iron to Japan. America
has only murmured quietly when the State De-
T O THE EDITOR
An Open Letter
To The Engineers
Whereas it has come to pass that the mostj
sacred symbol of your craft has been taken from I
under your very noses, and inasmuch as such
incident has proven beyond all doubt that the
mind of one lawyer is infinitely mightier and
greater than all the numbers of the engineers
added together, we, the undersigned, do publicly
challenge each and every engineer to find and
retrieve the slide rule that was delivered by and
to us from out of your portals on Friday, March
the twenty-seventh in the year nineteen hundred
and forty two.
If you cannot find -it you are admitting o the
world as well as to yourselves, that your mathe-
matics, your physics, and your mechanics are to
no avail when it comes to solving what to you is
an insurmountable problem which we concocted
in our spare moments. And even if you find it.
if you cannot recover it you will be forced to
concede that you, who have prided yourselves on
the practicality of your creed, are as meaningless
as the false dogma that you think makes you
necessary to the world.
Believing, therefore, that without this useless
item, which serves as a perpetual crutch for you
to pry yourself into a niche of society, you cannot
function in your daily affairs even now, we say
unto you in the style of Daniel Webster, "Until
the lawyer enlightens you, you will forever re-
- The Lawyers
House Of Lords Plan
Is Of Doubtful Value.. .
COMMITTEE has been set up in
England, headed by Sir John Ander-
son, to consider plans for eliminating the House
of Lords and substituting for it a body composed
of labor, industrial, scientific, literary and reli-
Long dead politically, the House of Lords re-
tains only the power to delay legislation, and
even this last vestige of power does not apply to
financial measures. Very rarely exercising even
this function of temporarily holding up legisla-
tion, the Lords serves the one remaining purpose
of providing a place for idle and doting peers to
enjoy the prestige which they consider their clue.
Such a useless appendage to government--es-
pecially one which serves to accentuate the pres-
tige of the hereditagy aristocracy which is
England's most undemocratic feature, has no
place in a country which is allegedly fighting a
titanic struggle for democracy.
UT',desirable as is the elimination of the
House of Lords, the setting up of this par-
ticular committee gives little encouragement.
When once the House of Lords is eliminated,
we cannot see the need of substituting for it
another group of any sort. The House of Com-
mons is easily adequate to meet the need for
equitable representation-especially In view of
the fact that representation in England places
no emphasis on the geographic location of the
constituencies. There is no visible purpose to
be served by making Parliament more un-
wieldy a body than is necessary, as long as all
political factions are given a fair opportunity
to be represented in proportion to the support
The specific plan to create a body containing
leaders in labor, industry, science and religion,
a'bitrarily singles out several unrelatd groups,
forming a combination wici iappears to follow
no logical criterion for the organization of a
branch of government. Such a body might well
form a consultation unit, performing the func-
tion of furthering understanding and coopera-
tion among the various groups involved, but we
can see no justification for it as a governing
^ EAST UNDERSTANDABLE OF ALL is the
selection of Sir John Anderson to head this
committee. Anderson is a Tory of the old,
narrow-minded school. Worse than that, he
is the most ineffective of the Tory leaders--
if he can rightly be called a "leader." Possess-
ing a record of failure in practically every ven-
ture upon which he has embarked, lie should
have been dropped from the cabiet in
Churchill's recent shakeup. It is extremely
difficult to see how a committee under his
things. We should declare for freezing prices
and wages, the payment of overtime in defense
bonds, and against slowdowns. Let's put an end
to this petty squabbling among ourselves and
concentrate all our efforts on winning the war."
Joe Curran, burly head of the Greater New
York Industrial Union Council, echoed Bridges'
demands, also demanded a bare-knuckle stand
toward John L. Lewis.
"Lewis and his gang recently withdrew the
charter of a big New York Local," Curran de-
clared, "for no other reason than that the Local
wouldn't kowtow to him. I'm for the CIO giving
this Local a charter and defying Lewis and his
Note: Neither Lewis nor any of his henchmen
attended the board meeting.
Lewis' dun for $1,650,000, which he claims the
CIO owes the United Mine Workers, also came
in for bitter words.
J. R. Bell, his brother-in-law and CIO con-
troller. was forced to admit that until Lewis de-
manded repayment the sum had not been car-
ried on the CIO books as a debt. Also, CIO
president Phil Murray bluntly questioned the
validity of the debt and pointed out that most
of it was incurred while Lewis was head of the
Murray also indicated that he was prepared to
go over Lewis' head and put up to the UMW
membership directly whether they approved of
Lewis' dun. Murray said he knew Lewis had
acted without the approval of the miners.
The most sensational feature of the discussion
was the bitter attack on Lewis' stand by Van
Bittner, head of the West Virginia UMW. Lewis
is secretly gunning for Bittner's scalp, but Bitt-
ner made no bones of his defiance of the miner
czar, and the CIO leaders listened to him with
Note: Both Muray and Bittner are on the
UMW payroll, but they won't be for long. They
are slated to be elected president and vice presi-
dent of the Steel Workers at their convention in
May, after which they will quit their UMW jobs.
Representative Wright Patman of Texas is
trying to keep it quiet, but a hot row has broken
out in his Small Business Committee. Several
members are up in arms over the Texan's "cod-
dling" of dollar-a-year moguls accused of dis-
criminating against little business men.
Feelings became so roiled during the hearings
on the sugar shortage that Representative Wil-
liam J. Fitzgerald of Connecticut threatened to
quit the committee. Previously, Representative
Charles Halleck of Indiana had stalked out of
a hearing on "fire insurance rates," charging it
had nothing to do with small business problems.
What irked Fitzgerald was Patman's refusal
to delve into charges that Fraser M. Moffatt,
Jr., chief of the WPB alcohols unit, has helped
bring on the sugar shortage by permitting the
conversioni of large quantities of Cuban sugar
into industrial alcohol instead of using huge
U. S. grain surpluses for this purpose.
Moffat admitted to the committee that his
division was "not advocating any loans for add-
ing grain handling equipment at the present
time," but contended that he had "nothing to
do" with the earmarking of approximately 800,-
000 tons of Cuban sugar, one-third of this year's
crop, for conversion purposes.
TUESDAY, MARCH 31, 1942
VOL. LII. No. 132
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, April 1, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
To Students Graduating at Com-'
mencement, May 30, 1942: The bur-
den of mailing diplomas to members
of the graduating class who do not
personally call for their diplomas
has grown until in 1940 it cost the
University over $400 to perform this
service. The rule has been laid down,
as a result, that diplomas not called
for at the Sports Building immediate-
ly after the Commencement Exercis-
es or at the University Business Of-
fice within three business days after
Commencement will be mailed C.O.D.
The mailing cost will be approximate-
ly 30c for the larger sized rolled
diplomas and 45c for the book form.
Will each graduate, therefore, be
certain that the Diploma Clerk has
his correct mailing address to insure
delivery by mail. The U. S. Mail
Service will, of course, return all
diplomas which cannot be delivered.
Because of adverse conditions abroad,
foreign students should leave ad-
dresses in the United States, if pos-
sible, to which diplomas may be
It is preferred that ALL diplomas
be personally called for.
Herbert G. Watkins,
University Cars: Those who wish to
requisition automobiles for University
trips are requested to notify us 48
hours in acdvance.
Au to IDiri'eor
Program on "The University and
the State" Cancelled: Owing to de-
mands of war activties which involve
some of the scheduled participants,
it has been necessary to postpone the
open meeting of the University of
Michigan District of the Michigan
Education Association scheduled for
Tuesday evening, April 2, in the
Rackham Amphitheater. In view of
the number of meetings of various
kinds to be held on campus in the
near future, it does not seem wise
to schedule a date for this meeting
during the present semester.
Edgar G. Johnston, President
University of Michigan District
Michigan Education Association,
Aeronautical Engineering Stu-
dents: There will be available in the
Department of Aeronautical Engin-
eering one laboratory assistantship
and three student assistantships for
the summer and fall terms. These
assistantships are in general restrict-
ed to upperclassmen and graduate
students, and the selection is made
very largely on the basis of scholastic
standing. Applications for these
positions will be received up to April
15, 1942. Students wishing to make
application should address them to
Professor E. A. Stalker, B-47 East(
Engineering Building, and should giveI
a brief statement of their qualifica-
tions andexperience in regard toboth
their scholastic work and any outside
experience they may have had. A
statement should also be made giving
their plans for further study in Aero-
Fraternity and Sorority Presi-
dents are reminded that membership
lists showing changes for the months
of February and March are due in
the Office of the Dean of Students
on or before April 6. New pledges
reported after that date by social
fraternities cannot be counted as
second semester pledges,.
. j s
"We all must make sacrifices! You'll just have to
along without a typewriter!"
try to get
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
ad seniors should be returned to
220 Angell Hall.
Midseniester reports should name
hose students, freshman and up-
erclass, whose standing at midsem-
ster is D or E, not merely those who
eceive D or E in so-called midsem-
Students electing our courses, but
gistered in other schools or col-
1es of the University should bere-
ported to the school or college in
hich they are registered.
Additional cards may be had at
08 Mason Hall or 1220 Angell Hall,
E. A. Walter, Assistant Dean
Seminar in Physical Chemistry
Aill meet on -Wednesday, April 1, in
oom 410 Chemistry Building at 4:15
>.m. Mr. Lawrence B. Scott will
peak on "Resonance in Organic
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
neet tonight at 7:30 in Room 319,
Vest Medical Building. "Biochem-
stry of Brain" will be discussed. All
nterested are invited.
Doctoral Examination for Robert
ugene Radabaugh, Geology; thesis:
'The Middle Devonian Rogers City
imestone and-its Gastropod Fauna."
today, 4065 Natural Science, 2:00
).m. Chairman, G. M. Ehlers.
By action of the Executive Board,
he Chairman may invite members
f the faculties and advanced doc-
oral candidates to attend the exam-
nation andl he may grant permission
o those who for sufficient reason
night wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Preliminary Ph.D. Examinations in
Economics will be held during the
week beginning May 4. Qualified
tudents wishing to write the exam-
nations should leave their names in
he Department office as soon as
May Festival Tickets: The over-
he-counter sale of remaining May
"estival tickets, both for the season
ind for individual concerts, will be-
in Monday morning, April 6, and will
ontinue so long as tickets last, at
the offices of the University Musical
Society, Burton Memorial Tower.
Prices, including tax, are: Season
tickets (six concerts) $8.80, $7.70
nd $6.60. (If Festival coupon from
,urrent Choral Union season ticket
s returned, deduct $3.30 from above
prices). Individual concerts: main
floor $2.75, first balcony $2.20, and
he top balcony $1.65 and $1.10.
Orders received by mail or left at
the offices of the Society prior to
Friday noon, April 3, will be filled in
sequence in advance.
Charles A. Sink, President.
Thor Johnson will conduct the
University Symphony Orchestra in a
program of works of Bach, Brahms,
Delius, Wagner and Dvorak tonight
at 8:30 in Hill Auditorium. Maud
Okkelberg of the faculty of the
School of Music will appear as solo-
ist in the Concerto in C minor- for
Piano and Orchestra by Delius.
The public is cordially invited.
The regular Tuesday Evening Re-
corded Program in the Men's Lounge
of the Rackham Building at 8:00
p.m. will be as follows:
Mozart: Symphony No. 40.
Glazounow: Concerto in A minor
for violin and orchestra.
Brahms: Variations on a Theme'of
Haydn; two pianos.
Mozart: String Quintet in C major.
Exhibition: An Introduction to
Architecture. An elaborate educa-
tional exhibition produced by the
Ann Arbor Art Association in collab-
oration with the College of Architec-
ture and Design. This exhibition is
intended to give the layman a better
understanding of the meaning of
architecture, to demonstrate the
modern techiiques of museum dis-
play of visual materials as instru-
ments of education, and for its ap,
peal to those interested in art. The
exhibit is in the Rackham Galleries,
and will continue through April 4.
Open daily, 2-5 and 7-10, except Sun-
days. The public is cordially invited.
Exhibition, College of Architec-
ture and Design: Color schemes and
arrangements by the Interior Design
classes. Weaving by primitive Mexi-
can Indian tribes, from the collection
of Mr. and Mrs. Richard Lippold.
Ground floor cases, Architecture
Building. Open daily 9 to 5, except
Sunday, until April 4. The public is
Latin American Exhibit: Univer-
sity Elementary School Library -
Room 1502. An exhibit of recent
books, handicraft, and pamphlets is
on display through Saturday, April
4. This is a traveling exhibit loaned
by Library Service Division, U. S.
Office of Education. Hours, 8:00-
12:00 a.m., 1:30-5:00 p.m., Monday
through Friday. 8:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m.
University Lectures on War Proh-
lems: Professor Preston W. Slosson of
the Department of History, will lec-
ture on the subject, "Why America Is
at War," under the auspices of the
A capacity audience filled the Methodist
Church Sunday night to hear an inspiring and
almost flawless performance of Felix Mendels-
sohn's oratorio, "Elijah." Dedicated to the mem-
ory of Mrs. Harry B. Earhart, a former music
chairman for the church, the program was di-
rected by Prof. Hardin A. Deursen of the School
One of the strlndard monuments in oratorio
history, "Elijah" presents a series of incidents in
the life of the prophet Elijah as portrayed in
the 01 Testament. An abbreviated version was
performed Sunday. The four principle scenes
were the rain, widow, Baal and ascension inci-
dents. In the first one Elijah invokes the rain
to relieve the drought, and in the second he
brings the widow's son back to life. Elijah's call
to his God is answered with fire while the pleas
of the people tothe gods of Baal go unanswered.
The ascension part omitted the chorus of the
whirlwind which is supposed to take Elijah up
Appearing in the role of Elijah was baritone
Mark Bills. H is perforlmcc w cas characterized
by a virility of voice andHe assuredness. I sang
the well-known aria, "It Is Etnough," with great
conviction. The leading soprano part in the ora-
torio was taken by Bonnie Ruth Van Deursen.
Mrs. Van Deursen was notable in the "Hear Ye
Israel" Pir where she brought out the high notes
clearly with her clarion, lyric dramatic voice.
Contralto Beatrice Brody Larsen's tone quali-
ties were rich and sonorous throughout the pro-
gram. Avery Crew, tenor, surmounted a bad cold
admirably to sing in good oratorio style with a
genuine tone. Beatrice Nesbitt Ruthven ade-
quately presented the roles of the youth and the
Novel and effective use was made of a quar-
tet in ''O rest in the Lord' and in '"O come,
everyone that thirsteth." In "O rest in the
Lord" the four soloists sang over a background of
humming by the chorus. "O come, everyone that
thirsteth" was slightly marred by an over strong
Detroit Armenian Women's Club r
Scholarship: The Detroit Ar'menian Me_' mbers of the Social Sciences
Women's Club offers a scholarship and Humanities Faculties: It is ur-
for $10 for the year 1942-43 for gent that the questionnaires recently
which young men and women of sent to you be returned before noon
Armenian parentage, living in thelon Wednesday, April 1. They may
Aetoiteni opr tdistrictwobe left at the office of the Sociology
Detroit metropolitan district who Deatet 1 ae al
demonstrate SchohSi tic idbility andp( rtment, 110 Haen Hall.
pxossess good charact er nIld who have Rn
had at least one year of college work,' ,
are eligible. Furtir information l'rtshi i, College of Literature,
may be obtained from me. Scence, and the Arts: Freshmen may
Ur, Drank E. Rtobbins, not drop courses without E grade
1021 Angell abl after Saturday, April 4. In adminis-
1___ Angell tering this rule, students with less
Notice to Property Owners: If you than 24 hours of credit are consider-
have purchased improved property ed freshmen. Exceptions may be
on a land contract and owe a bal- made in extraordinary circumstances,
ance in the proximity of 60 per cent such as severe or long continued ill-
of the value of the property, the ness.f'
Investment Office, 100 South Wing
of University Ihall would be glad to
discuss the possibilities of refinan-
-inu your cont acf throtwgl the iedi-
inn of a xx7(7i.; e. Ther-e are advan -
agecs to be io10 tis ciniler or
A supply of copies of the Report of
the University Librarian for 1940-41
has been sent to the office of each
dean of a school or college of the
University. Members of the Uni-
versity staff who wish copies of this
Report may have them upon applica-
tion at these offices or by coming to
the office of the Director, 210 Li-
W. G. Rice, Director
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for dropping courses
without record will be Saturday,
April 4. A course may be dropped
only with the permission of the clas-
sifier, after conference with the in-
E. A. Walter
(nilidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for May and August 1942: A
list of c-andidates, has been p tosted on-i
the bid letin boa lrd of.tHeisSchool Of
Education, Room 1431 UES, Any
prospective candidate whose name
does not appear on this list should
call at the office of the Recorder of
the School of Education, 1437 U.E.S.
School of Music, School of Educa-
tion, College of Architecture and De-
sign: Midsemester reports indicating
students enrolled in these units do-
ing unsatisfactory work in any unit
of the University are due in the office
of the school on Saturday, April 4, at
noon. Report blanks for this pur-
pose may be secured from the office
of the school or from Room 4, Uni-
Robert L. Williams,