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March 26, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-03-26

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Weiather

Better And Better

it

xit

Editorial.
Double Pay Concession
Shoals War Sphrit . .

VOL. LII. No. 128 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 26, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

League Ocials
icAssume Postions.

For Coming

Yea r

Lorraine Thompson Fills
Judiciary Post; Charlotte
ThompsonIs President
Other Appointments
Will Be Announced
Charlotte Thompson, '43, of Paint-
ed Post, N. Y., and Lorraine Judson,
'43, of Sandusky, 0., have been ap-
pointed through the League merit
system to serve respectively as presi-.
dert of the League and chairman of
the Women's Judiciary Committee
for the school year 1942-43.
Announcement of the appoint-
ments by the retiring League Council
and the Executive Board was made
yesterday at a special Council meet-
ing to which the new League heads
were invited to confer on prospective
League officer and committee head
appointments which will be revealed
Monday at the annual Installation
Banquet.
Miss Thompson, who is affiliated
with Alpha Xi Delta sorority, has
worked on Freshman Project and
Sophomore Cabaret, is a member of
Choral Union, and has been vice-
president of Crop andsSaddle. She
has also worked on Panhellenic Ban-
queteand Ball, the PAC Committee,
the Merit, Theatre Arts, and Social
committees of the League, and is now
program charman for JGP.
Has Splendid Record
Miss Judson, a resident of Martha
Cook Building, has been a member
of the judiciary committee for the
past year, is participating in JGP and
acts as secretary of Wyvern. She has
also served on the Assembly Execu-
tive Board, was president of Alpha
Lambda Delta, a Jordan adviser her
sophomore year and an orientation
adviser last fall. In addition Miss
Judson was active in Freshman Pro-
ject, the freshman glee club, Sopho-
more Cabaret ,Assembly Banquet and
the Christmas Come-Across Dance.
First duty of the new president will
be to act s cg-misress of ceremonies
of the Installation Banquet along
with Margaret Sanford, '42, retiring
League president. At this time Miss
Thompson and Miss Judson will be
installed officially in their new offi-
ces prior to announcement of other
Council appointments for next year.
To Name Other Heads
As the Banquet program proceeds,
new officers will move to the speak-
saraogo Buo8-no aaulda o alga sa
and the chairmen of League stand-
ing committees. Announcement will
also be made qt that time of the new
presidents anl executive boards of
Assembly, Panhellenic, and the WAA
as well as fall orientation advisers
and the three junior women winning
the Ethel McCormick scholarships.
Margaret Sanford, retiring presi-
dent, said "I am sure Charlotte will
make a wonderful president, and she
has my sincere good wishes."
BOMBER
SCHOLARSHIPS
Campus response to the Bomber-
Scholarship Plan began to gain mo-
mentum yesterday as eight more
organizations offered support while
two contributed.
Donations as announced by the
Dean of Students office are as fol-
lows:
P1 Lambda Phi . .$18.75
Mosher Hall . ,....... , .. $25.00
The plan has been adopted by the
following organizations since last;

Saturday:
Zeta Beta Tau, Delta Gamma,
Alpha Epsilon Phi, Allen-Rumsey
House, Muriel Lester Cooperative,
Chi Omega. Thet , Delta Chi, Con-
gress Cooperative House. Fletcher
Hall has also promised $10.
Returns on action taken by the
200 campus organizations on this
plan are far from complete, and it
is urged that replies be sent to the
Office of the Dean of Students.

Head Coeds.. .

CHARLOTTE
* *

THOMPSON
*

House Naval
Group Seeks
Profits Curb
Committee Hears Reports
Of Earnings Increases
In Defense Industries
Business Is Scored
By Representative
WASHINGTON, March 25.-()-
New testimony of mounting compen-
sation paid executives of corporations
with defense contracts reached the
House Naval Committee today as
Congress sought a method for curb-
ing war profits without jeopardizing
production.
Edmund Toland, counsel for the
committee, reported that a sample
survey of 15 companies handling nav-
al contracts had shown that the sal-
aries and bonuses of their officials
in 1941 ranged 22 to 1,331 per cent
above that of 1934.
Representative Gore (Dem-Tenn.
who had presented another list of
what he called "scandalous" increas-
es in corporation salaries and bonus-
es, commented that "the government
is being filched and robbed."
Meanwhile the Treasury opposed
a proposal to limit all war profits to
six per cent as proposed in a bill
pending before the committee, thus
lining up with War Production Chief
Donald Nelson and Army and Navy
officials.
Randolph Paul, tax adviser to Sec-
retary Morgenthau, maintained that
the Treasury's proposal for sharply-
increased excess profits taxes, now
pending before the House Ways and
Means Committee, would prove a far
more efficient way of holding down
war profits.
Jurist Poses
War Problems
To SLA Today
Prof. Jan F. Hostie of the political
science department, internationally
famous Belgian jurist, will lead a
Student League of America discus-
sion on "Problems Created by the
War" at 8 p.m. today in Room 323 of
the Union.
Serving with the League of Nations
since its inception, Professor Hostie
represented the League in the consid-
eration of the Danzig Postal Case and
the jurisdiction of the Danube Com-
mission. He was also a member of
the Permanent Legal Committee of
the Organization for Communica-
tions and Transit.
A Belgian citizen, he came to the
United States because of the work in
which he was involved. At the time
of the invasion of his country in 1940
he was in America for the Purpose
of settling a dispute which had arisen
between the United States and Can-
ada.
Student Senate Sponsors
Forum On Revised Policy
Aimed at providing weekly open
forums for all shades of campus opin-
ion, the first in a series of round-
table discussions will be held at 4
p.m. Saturday in the Union, Room
304.
Saturday's discussion, sponsored by
the Student Senate Parley Commit-
tee, will attempt to sound various
views on the method used in choos-
ing the new "student war board"
nominating committee.

Hirsute Countenances
Encouraged By WPB
WASHINGTON, March 25.-(P)-
The War Production Board intruded
into the very personal matter of male
whiskers today with an order sharp-
ly curtailing the manufacture of
razors and razor blades.
Males who have long cherished the
idea of a moustache, a neat Van
Dyke or long sideburns may now, it
appears, have considerable support
in any arguments with their wives
over the facial decoration.
The WPB order cutsdown blade
production to a quantity sufficient
to supply each shaver "an average"
of one blade weekly. Whereas three
billion blades were manufactured
last year, the, 1942 production
was limited to 2,400,000,000 - the
same number manufactured in 1940.
Straight-edge razors were limited also
to the 1940 output.
During the next 90 days, WPB
directed, production of safety razors
must be held to 70 per cent of the
average monthly production in 1940,
when 12,000,000 were manufactured.
Ford Proffers
Lindbergh Job
At WiloRu
Flier Expected To Accept
Engineering Position
It Giant Bomber Plan
DETROIT, March 24.-(A')-Char-
les A. Lindbergh, whose help Henry
Ford once said he would like to have
to put airplanes into mass produc-
tion, has been offered a job by Ford
in the engineering department of the
huge Willow Run bomber factory now
nearing completion.
The famous trans-Atlantic flier
has the offer under consideration but
DETROIT, March 25.-(A)-If
the War Department approves,
Charles A. Lindbergh will go to
work in Ford's new Willow Run
bomber plant.
Harry Bennett, Ford personnel
director, said tonight the famous
trans-Atlantic flier had accepted
Ford's invitation4o devote his engi-
neering abilities to Ford's vast
armament program and only per-
mission of the War Department
is needed to complete the arrange-
ment.
sources close to Ford intimated he
was expected to accept.
What Lindbergh's precise duties
might be in the big Willow Run plant
were not disclosed. Some productive
activity already is under way in the:
factory some 20 miles west of here.
Ford sources have said that in full
capacity it would turn out at least
one of the great four-motored aerial
battle craft an hour.
Union BIy-Lrns Revised
--1iii st Unanimous
More than 700 students gathered
at the Union yesterday to approve
the proposed revisions of the Union
By-Laws by an almost unanimous
vote.
Vote on the by-laws was taken fol-
lowing the annual Interfraternity
Council banquet held by the Union
where more than 500 new fraternity
initiates saw Dean of Students J. E.
Bursley award the scholarship cup
for the freshman class having the
highest scholastic average to Kappa
Sigma. Kappa Sigma freshmen main-
tained the unusually high average of
2.88 points.

JGPs And They Called This Acting

Andaman Islands Seized
As5 Jap~s Thrust At India;
Strike Heavily In Bum

Hudson Is Chosen State Winner
In Nation-Wide Speech Contest

LORRAINE JUDSON
Navy Attacks
'Wake, Marcuts
Raids On Japanese Flank
Caus - Tokyo Blackout
WASHINGTON, March 25.-(U)--
Striking powerfully at the flank of
Japanese supply lines into the south-
west Pacific, an American task force
raiding within 1,000 miles of Yoko-
lIo.aa ha s vitually wiped out enl-
emy installations on Marcus and
Wake islands, the Navy announced
today.
Although th w operation thrust
ships and planes of the Pacific Fleet
deep into enemy territory only slight
opposition was encountered and the
total American losses were but two1
aircraft.
Advices from Pearl Harbor said the
raids threw such a scare into Tokyo
that that city's lights were blacked
out for several nights.
The action, conducted by Vice Ad-
miral William F. Halsey, 59, who was
awarded the Distinguished Service
Medal for similar attacks on the
Marshall and *Gilbert Islands Jan. 31,
was hailed by Naval authorities here.

South American Problem
Is Discussed By Victor;.
Wins TripTo Cleveland
Herman Hudson-nearly blind Ne-
gro student whose heroic struggle
against physical and financial handi-
caps to get an education has inter-
ested the entire campus-captured
first place in the district contest of
the National Extempore-Discussion
held yesterday in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall.
Chosen for his mastery and super-
ior ability in expressing his ideas on
the subject "The Americas Against
the Axis," Hudson won out against
fifty speakers who came to compete
from all over the state.
In his speech, Hudson declared
that, although the reports of pres-
ence of Germans and their propa-
ganda are quite accurate, the United
States can best eradicate the menace
of the Axis powers by altering its
own attitude.
'Improve Opinions'
"If we improve our own opinions
and knowledge of the South Ameri-
can peoples," Hudson stated, "it will
do more good to bring about a con-
dition of security than if we tried
to change the status of the Germans
in the Latin American countries,"
Second place in this contest was
given to Ralph Henard of Adrian
College who spoke on ". . . More Than
an Emergency Undertaking." Both
Hudson and Henard will be sent to
the Western Reserve University,
Cleveland, 0., April 14 with all ex-
penses paid to participate in the re-
gional contest.
Charles Murphy, '43, for the deliv-
ery of his speech "From Aztec Canoe

to Pan-American Clipper," was selec-
ted alternate. The other contestants
in this final state meet were Paul
Lawrence of Albion College, George
Menendez of Wayne University, and
Richard Orlikoff, '44, and Stuart
Park, '42 of the University.
Final State Contest
This final state contest was under
the chairmanship of Prof. Kenneth
T. Hance of the University speech de-
partment. The seven judges for the
meet were Prof. Joseph P. Kelly and
Prof. Frederick B. McKay of Michi-
gan State Normal College; Prof.
Charles R. Layton, Muskingum Col-
lege, Ohio; Prof. Harry N. Williams,
Miami University, Ohio, and Prof.
Arthur S. Aiton, Prof. Hayward Ken-
iston, and Prof. Lawrence Preuss of
the University.
Air Corps Claims
T.D. 'Ace' Harmon
Tommy Harmon, Michigan athlete
turned businessman, has put his pri-
vate affairs in order long enough to
join the Army Air Corps.
Yesterday the former gridiron No.
1 man was granted permission by the
War Department toenlist as an avia-
tion cadet at the Detroit recruiting
station. An Army captain said that
Harmon would probably report at
Santa Anita, Calif., next week for
pre-flight training.
Harmon had applied for entrance
into the Air Corps in November but
the final O.K. was put off pending
time for Tommy to fulfill a few busi-
ness contracts and see that his par-
ents were well settled in their new
$18,000 Ann Arbor home he built for
them.

Curtin Cites Aussie Stake,
In War As Port Moresby
Is LightlyHitBy Bombs
Sino-British Flanks
May Be Turned Back
(By The Associated Press)
NEW DELHI, India, March 25.-
Japan reached out for India by sea
tonight, occupying the Andman is-
lands in the Bay of Bengal, barely
500 miles off the United Nations'
Ceylon-to-Calcutta supply route, and
struck by land toward- the riches of
Central Burma in heavy fighting
which partly outflanked the British-
Chinese positions at Toungoo.
The government of India disclosed
the seizure of the Andaman group,
first actual Indian territory to go to
the enemy, in a communique which
said the blow was struck two days
ago, March 23, and was not opposed.
The small British-Indian forces had
been withdrawn "some days previ-
ously."
Convicts Removed
Much of the population and some
of the convicts in the penal settle-
ment on the islands also were re-
moved, the communique said.
The position of the Andamans hat
been defenseless since the Japanese
occupied Malaya, Rangoon and til
lower Burmese delta. At their nearest
point, the 204 islands lie about 124
miles from the Burmese mainlan4
Cape Negrais.
Their real significance, howeve~r
lies in the fact that they afford e
cellent anchorages-Port Blair and
others-and air bases for combined
sea and air attacks on Calcutta, Ce-
lon and the vital ship lanes in be-
tween.
Giant Pincers
The occupation was part of a giant
sea-land pincers on India, at a tlmq
when Britain is feverishly endeavor-
ing to organize its military defen
and to soothe its troubled politic
through the mission of Sir Staffor
Cripps.
The invaders' land arm of the scis-
sors was closing slowly today on th
eastern road to Mandalay.
Air action was heavy in the Bur-.
mese theater, with mounting losses
on both sides. Japanese bombers
with fighter escorts made heavy at-
tacks on the remaining RAP air-
dromes, one coastal landing ground
having been bombed yesterday.
Port Moresby Bombed
Lightly In 19th Raid
MELBOURNE, March 25.-(-)-
The Japanese bombed Port Moresby
weakly and warily from the respect-
ful altitude of 25,000 feet today * 1e
Prime Minister Curtin told the AusV
tralian House of Representatives that
the turning point of the war might
well be the general Allied recognition
of Australia's high importance,
It was the 19th raid on Port Mores-
by, principal city of the Island of
New Guinea and obviously regarded
by the Japanese as the key to any
invasion of northern Australia.
Only three bombers and four fight-
ers participated. Most of their 1x
bombs fell into the sea, an Australian
communique said, crediting accurat§
anti-aircraft fire with keeping the
Japanese too high for effective aim.
In his address to the House in Can
berra, Prime Minister Curtin ex
pressed confidence that Port Moresbv
not only would be held but would,
serve as a base from which to hid.
back at the outstretched Japanese.
He said the Australian government
had given authority of "the highest
order" to the American General
Douglas MacArthur.
MacArthur Is Awarded

Highest National Honor
WASHINGTON, March 25.-(P)-
The award of the Congressional Med-
al of Honor to General Douglas Mac-
Arthur for conspicuous gallantry and
intrepidity in action against the in-
vading Japanese forces in the Philip-
pines was announced today by the
War Department.
The citation awarding the medal,
the highest decoration for valor which
the Army can bestow on a soldier,
said:

T he Italian Fleet -'Puzzled, Whipped, Wounded':
Sensational Naval Battle Told By Dare-Devil Reporter

By PRESTON GROVER
A lEXAN DRIA , March 25.U--(/)-We feinted and bluf fed,
dodged in and out of smoke scretns, fired our guns-although
it was something like shooting peas at a barn-took time out
for tea in the midst of ba ttle, and rot our convoy safely to
Malta after a naval engagement in which valor triumphed over
might as it seldom does, even in the most romantic of fiction.
Our light squadron of British cruisers and destroyers sailed
head-on into an overwhelmingly powerful Italian fleet in the
Central Mediterranean, three times drove it away from the
convoy and ultimately delivered our supplies to the beleaguered
island of Malta.
It was a battle which will go down in naval annals, for not
in the recollection of any officer present had such a prolonged
fight been won by so small a force against such great odds.

(EITOR'S NOTE one of the most sensational naval engage-
teiits of the war, the rout by light British warships of a strong
it;aiam naval force in the Mediterranean atnd the torpedoing an
firing >1o a 35,0J0-ton Italian htifeshipt, is described In eyv-wt-
rtF , gdetailinit the following (i,jatch by Preston Grover, Asmweiat-
f( Ires war correspondent, who risked death to deliver his story.)
class, four six-inch cruisers of the Condottieri class and a
screen of destroyers.
Against them we had a six-inch cruiser and anti-aircraft
cruisers whose heaviest guns were five-and-a-quarter-inch and
16 destroyers. There wasn't a single gun in the British squad-
ron which could more than make a minor dent in the Italian
battleship.
Nor were the British ships fighting surface vessels alone.
Throughout the battle and long beforehand, Axis dive-bombers
had attacked the convoy and the escorting vessels incessantly.
The convoy started from Alexandria March 20 to get muni-

to sea and intercept us somewhere between Greece and Malta.
Both happened.
The air-raiding began the next day with torpedo-bombers
swinging in from all side. One narrowly missed a destroyer,
which turned in time to dodge it. Throughout the forenoon
these kept coming in, but were repeatedly driven to dropping
torpedoes from a high level or from a great distance.
Twice more, around 'noon, we were attacked by high and low
level bombers. Then at 2:25 p.m., there came ominous word
from a neighboring cruiser: "Four suspicious vessels to the
starboard."
We were then south of the toe of Italy.
Without a moment's delay four cargo vessels were sent in
the opposite direction, accompanied by part of our squadron,
and the rest of us headed for the enemy.
This light squadron had a tremendous task to perform. It
was six hours until darkness would permit the convoy to steal
away to Malta. During that six hours our light squadron had

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