THE MICHIGAN DA-LY W
EDlNJEpA Y, MARCH 2a. x942
By TOM THUMB
GI IN AND BEAR
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NIGHT EDITOR: GLORIA NISHON
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
With Forced Savillgs-
W ITH THE HOPE that pro-labor as-
sertions by the nation's war chiefs,
characterized by Nelson's statement that "there
were of March 3 no stoppages which signifi-
cantly affected war production," have squelched
the smear campaign against union actions, we
find it necessary to criticize one point in the
labor program-the wage policy.
The General Motors Division of the UAW
recently announced demands for $1.00 a day
raises and wage adjustments every 90 days
based on the cost of living index. These demands
are in line with labor's long unquestioned right
to maintain its standard of living in the face of
rising prices, and in normal times the justice
of such a plan should not be questioned.
But economists are unanimously agreed that
the standard of living must fall, that any con-
siderable increase in cash wages can only lead
toa the evil of inflation. There is no financial
legerdemain by which we can postpone the sacri-
fices which the war effort must evoke, sacrifices
which will appear in the decrease in the avail-
able amount of consumers' goods.
It is true that individual groups, by increasing
their earnings more than those of the general
public, can better their financial position, but
the war is certainly not the time to seek selfish
benefits. The fact that excess profits are not
Iuitably controlled does not deny this argument.
And any general prosperity is simply impossible.
The best course for labor to follow is the vigor-
ous endorsement of a compulsory savings pro-
gram. Wage increases, overtime pay, bonuses,
should all be paid in bonds, and production
could be stimulated without stimulating infla-
tion. The doubling of social security taxes and
corresponding increases in future payments
should be urged by unions.
This follows the realization that to prevent
inflation any wartime financial policy must be
devised to drain off much of the purchasing
power of thie laboring groups who are responsible
for two-thirds of consumption. Any exceedingly
high tax program calculated to collect the total
cost of fighting the war would keep prices down
and would not lessen the real income of the
lower income groups.
BUT apparently fear of the disastrous psycho-
logical effect of a high tax rate will prevent
any total financing of the war through taxation.
England claims to raise 54% of her war budget
in direct levies, and Germany is not getting
more than half her war funds that way. With
the probability that half the victory budget will
be met by borrowing, compulsory savings become
It is important to remember that bonds repre-
sent claims on future national income, that be-
cause people are sacrificing now the country will
repay them at some future date. If the distribu-
tion of bonds is attempted on a voluntary basis,
upper income brackets will be getting the enor-
mously greater share of these claims. Their
greater earnings and accumulations enable them
to divert much greater sums to the purchase of
bonds than the lower income groups. Intent on
minimizing his personal sacrifice, the laboring
individual will spend his income on as many
goods as possible.
IN the small village of Cheltenham Condensed,
Vermont, Alben G. Conklin, 25, a tool and die
maker, asked Jay McTwigg, a sales clerk in an
adding machine factory, for a match. McTwigg,
slightly under the influence of huckleberry wine,
punched Conklin in the nose. McTwigg was
fined ten dollars for disturbing the peace, which
he paid rather than spend ten days in jail.
FROM the Cheltenham Condensed Courier,
Beezie McTwigg won't engage in any more
fights with Al Conklin, because Al socked him in
the snoot. Al claims that it all started in a
friendly political discussion. Beezie bailed him-
self out of jail with ten dollars.
FROM This Week magazine, March 3:
A strange example of New England justice
was garnered from The Cheltenham (N. H.)
Courier-Journal. Breezy Twigg started an argu-
ment by saying that the United Nations wouldn't
win the war this year. To which friend Al Conk-
lin thrashed friend Breezy thoroughly. Breezy,
not Al, was jailed. The charge-assault and
battery, and disturbing the peace.
FROM Time magazine, March 5:
Middlewestern spirits become riled, dis-
turbed, at examples of unpatriotism, defeatism.
Last week Heltenham, Nebraska, (pop. 200) be-
came riled, disturbed, at town blacksmith Ber-
tram "Breezy" Twiggs, who boasted, as he spat
rich brown streams of tobacco juice, that he
was betting on a Japanese victory in Australia.
Up rose swarthy, heroic Albert Franklyn, who
buys defense bonds, stamps, and used several
jiu jitsu tricks on Twiggs, much to the enjoy-
ment of patriotic, rustic, twig-whittling citizens
To Twiggs came possible investigation by Dies
Committee; to Franklyn, a letter from the Presi-
FROM PM, March 6:
Congressman Dies' unAmerican commit-
tee's latest fraudulent embezzling, racketeering,
dishonest log-rolling scheme was revealed yes-
terday when Burton Trigs, middlewestern black-
smith who expressed opinion that Russia would
Dr n Pemm~o
(This is the second in the series of Merry-Go-
Round articles on the inside of the War Produc-
WASHINGTON-One big criticism of Donald
Nelson's new War Production Board is that he
gas blanketed into his new setup all the barna-
cles from the old, including battalions of $1-a-
year men. This includes many top-notchers,
but also many who seem to be representing the
companies at home which still pay them lush
Here, for Instance, is one concrete illustration
of how the system works:
At Vinita, Okla., the Government recently
took over the Grand River Power project pre-
viously operated by the State of Oklahoma. The
Government did this under special war powers,
which give it the right to take over such plants;
also because Governor "Red" Phillips was hav-
ing labor troubles.
Having taken over the project, it would seem
natural that the Government should supply its
own power to its own army cantonment at
Cookson Hills, thus saving itself some money.
However, it now turns out that the Government
rejected its own low bid of under 5 mills to sup-
ply electricity to Cookson Hills, and atcepted
the high bid of the Oklahoma Gas and Electric
Company, a subsidiary of a big holding company,
at 10.8 mills.
Thus the Government, by refusing to buy
power from itself, will lose for itself--and for
the taxpayer-around 5 to 6 mills per kilowatt
Army Vs. Federal Works
Now let us see how this strange decision was
First, investigation rv('eals tIia t two Lwralch(s
of the Government were not cooperating. When
Judge Davidson, counsel for the Federal Works
Administration in Oklahoma, went to see Col.
H. A. Montgomery, district Army engineer at
Tulsa, Montgomery refused to show him the
power contract for Cookson Hills contonment.
Furthermore, the Army had hired Carl Ger-
hardt, who had been previously asked to resign
by Federal Works because of the contracts he
negotiated with utilities.
The excuse officially given for accepting the
higher bid of Oklahoma Gas and Electric was
that the Grand River project would have to
construct eleven miles of line, and copper was
scarce. However, Oklahoma Gas and Electric
now has stated that it also will have to put up
eleven miles of wire.
But the crowning irony of the deal is that the
beat the Nazis, was slated for investigation by
the arch-enemy of democracy. Trigs said in an
exclusive statement for PM: "It's a helluva
FROM The New York Times, March 7:
WASHINGTON, D. C. - It is reported here
that Burton Trigs, whom reliable sources accuse
of being an agent for the totalitarian states, will
be investigated by the House Committee to In-
vestigate UnAmerican Activities, with the possi-
bility that he will face a Federal Grand Jury
trial for being a salaried enemy representative.
FROM New York Daily Mirror, March 8:
ENEMY AGENT TRUG
IN LOVE NES'T WITH
BEAUTEOUS B'WAY BABE
Sensational new evidence has been brought to
light in the Federal Jury investigation of Bertin
Trug, alleged enemy agent. It is reported by
usually reliable sources that Trug is the same
as Bertrand Trug who was shot in New York in
1926 in the apartment with Caroline O'Dell,
Broadway Chorus Cutie. Miss O'Dell appeared
in "Nudities of 1927" (Picture on Page 16).
FROM International News Service wire,
NEW YORK-(INS)-The Federal Bureau of
Investigation is sifting new clues in the 1939
hatchet death of Carrie O'Dell, alias Veronica
Gedeon. Latest suspect is Merwin Grud, reported
to be "an agent."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
The Spacious Stones .. .
ART SHOWS are of two classes: that of ob-
jects rare or curious, and that of ideas.
Unless the objects shown are really meaningful
the display of ideas is of more reward. The Ann
Arbor Art Association's current exhibition in
the Rackham Building, An Introduction to
Architecture, is no exception. This show is
planned to give the average man a bowing ac-
quaintance with the field and its relation to the
human animal's several functions. The question
'what is architecture? is answered with a dis-
play of the aspects of the builder's art in a bril-
liant attempt at visual education. There are,,
of course, a few points where one would differ
with the ideas presented.
The gist of the exhibition is that buildings
are objects in a space which must be designed
and related to man. To prove this, attention is
called to the painter's space at which one may
look, the sculptor's space around which one may
see, the architect's space into which one may
move. The second room relates of architectural
space as it has appeared in the past, from Egypt
to the almost immediate present-there is no
reference to the war-by way of Greece, medieval
and baroque Europe. The third room describes
the evolution of the American house, from
Jamestown to this current year, in some char-
coal mural drawings which constitute the best
painting seen so far this season in Ann Arbor.
This story culminates in a full-scale show of
the elements of an interior. The last gallery
mounts a provocative selection of photographs
to illustrate the history of architecture as it
This review can give scant idea of the show
and no notion of its punch; one can only urge
everyone in the community to go, both of stu-
dents and faculties.
The points with which one would quarrel are
matters of interpretation: against the questions
here raised, there are ardent champions. The
first objection is to the apparent scorn put upon
Greek feeling for architectural space. The state-
ment is made that that feeling was sculptural.
non-architectonic, proofcited in the disorder of
the Acropolis of Athens. The Acropolis was a
sacred site; Greek sensibility permitted no tam-
pering with the home of God. This valid reli-
gious reason for seeming chaos is ignored, as is,
too, the magnificent spatial planning of such
great Hflcllnistic cities of Seleuia or Pergamon
'The bewildering confusion of present-day.
civilization shows the need for a new pIattern of
life.' This is the label pinned on a mass of ma-
terial that includes everything from Superman
to some of the greatest paintings of this century,
arranged in an inexcusably tasteless fashiona
Chaos is one thing, but an exhibit designed to
illustrate it ought not of itself be chaotic, else
it is a bad exhibit. It is too bad that the show
here appears to approve of the confusion which
modern architects hold between themselves and
St. John Baptist.
The third room merits complete praise, save
in (nedetail whichshows the log cabin as part
of the main trend in Amnrican building, a notion
long disproved by such scholars as Kimball,
Shurtleff or Morison. The Delaware cabin shown
was built in 1638, but the type was unknown
outside of Delaware and isolated parts of Penn-
sylvania till after 1700, too late to be pat of the
main tradition of building as established in Vir-
ginia, New York and New England,
In spite of the limited available material, one
takes violent exception to the suggestion that
certain monuments shown in the fourth gallery
lack spatial considerations. One is the New York
City Hall, which in its original environment paid
heed to its setting and was a lovely part of a
gracious whole. To include the poor surviving
third of Seth Geer's Colonnade Row in this group
is to misunderstand the one great American
example of that kind of civic organization seen
in London's Piccadilly Circus or the Crescents
(Continued from Page 2)
as a Faculty member of the Univer-
sity of Michigan, except for instruc-
tors of less than three years' stand-
ing for whom the provision is option-
al, that such Faculty member shall
purchase an old age annuity from
the Teachers Insurance and Annu-
ity Association. The object of this
annuity is provision for the teacher
after he shall have passed the re-
tirement age. The annuity premi-
um payment required from each Fac-
ulty member is 5% of any annual sal-
ary not exceeding $5000, or thus a
maximum premium of $250. Faculty
members may devote as much more
of their salaries to annuity premi-
ums as they desire. The University
matches the annuity premium up to
an annual sum not in excess of $250,
thus within the 5% limit doubling
the amount of the annuity purchased.
2. Any person in the employ of the
University may at his own cost pur-
chase annuities from the Association
in any amounts. The University it-
self, however, will contribute to the
expense of such purchase of annui-
ties only as stated in (1) above.
3. Life Insurance. Any person in
the employ of the University, either
as a Faculty member or otherwise,"
unless debarred by his medical ex-
amination, may, at his down option
and expense, purchase life insurance
from the Teachers Insurance and
Annuity Association at its published
rates. All life insurance premiums
are borne by the individual himself.
The University makes no contribu-
tion toward life insurance and has
nothing to do with the life insurance
feature except that it will if desired
by the insured, deduct premiums
monthly and remit the same to the
4. Monthly Premium Payments.
The University accounting offices
will as a matter of accommodation
to faculty members or employees of
the University, who desire to pay
either annuity premiums or insur-
ance premiums monthly, deduct such
premiums from the payroll in month-
ly installments. In the case of the
so-called "academic roll" premiums
for the months of July, August,
September and October will be de-
ducted from the double payroll of
June 30. While the accounting of-
fices do not solicit this work, still it
will be cheerfully assumed where de-
5. The University has no arrange-
ments with any life insurance or
annuity organization except the
i Teachers Insurance and Annuity As-
sociation of America and contribu-
tions will not be made by the Uni-
versity nor can premium payments
be deducted except in the case of an-
nuity or insurance policies of this
6. The general adninistration of
the annuity and insurance business
has been placed in the hands of the
Secretary of the University by the
Please communicate with the un-
dersigned if you have not arranged
for any and all annuities required
under your appointment.
herbert G. Watkins
Students who intend to study law
and who will enter the Law School
with the Bachelor of Arts degree or
its equivalent, or on one'of the com-
bined curricula, should commence the
necessary procedure for admission.
It will be necessary to file an appli-
cation on a form furnished by the
Law School. Attentio is caled to
the fact that undel' the new three-
term pln it i.will be posil to begpin
on Student Affairs on or before
(2) Requests for any tag days to
occur in the first month of the sum-
mer term must be submitted to the
Committee on Student Affairs on or
before May 1.
(3) Requests for tag days for any
part of the summer term not provid-
ed for in (2) must be submitted to
the Committee on Student Affairs,
by the end of the first month of the1
(4) Requests for tag days to beE
held during the '42 fall term, and the
'43 spring term must be submitted
to the Committee on Student Affairs
on or before November 7, 1942.
(5) Each request for a tag day
should be dealt with as a separate
case-no precedent being set by
action taken on dny case.
Senior Engineers: Orders will be
taken for commencement announce- r
ments today, Thursday, Friday, and
Monday, March 25, 26, 27, and 30,
1:00-5:00 p.m., outside the library in
the West Engineering Building. Please|
pay in full at the time of placing :
your order. Down payments will not
be accepted on any orders less than
Literary Seniors: Deadline for pay-I
ing class dues is Friday, March 27.
They can be paid in Angell Hall Lob-1
by 1:00-4:00 p.m. Monday through,
Friday, and in the center of the di-,
agonal 9:00-12:00 a.m. and 1:00-4:00
p.m. Monday through Wednesday.
Dues are $1.0W _
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing Civil' Service Examinations.
Student Instructor, $1,620; Junior
Instructor, $2,000, Air Corps Techni-
cal School, and Aviation Service
Schools, United States Navy, An-
nouncement open until further no-
Principal Physicist (any specialized
Senior Physicist, $4,600.
Associate Physicist, $3,200.
Assistant Physicist, $2,600.
(War Department, Navy Dept.,
Department of Commerce, Federal
Security Agency, Office for Emerg-
The announcements for Physicist
is open until further notice. Further
information may be obtained from
the announcement which is on file
at the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall. Office hours, 9-12 and
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information
Zoological Movies will be shown
Thursday, March 26, at 4:10 p.m. in
the Natural Science Auditorium. The
program includes: Snapping turtle
(sound); Thrushes and their rela-
tives (sound); Frogs and toads (ko-
dachrome); Salamanders (koda-
chrome). Dr. F. H. Test will lecture
along with the last two films.
Kothe-Llildner Sophomore compe-
tition to be held, Thursday, March 26,
2:00-4:00 p.m. in Room 301 U.H.
Doctoral Examination for Herbert
Kapfel Brown, Mathematics; thesis:
"The Resolution of Boundary Value
Problems by Means of the Finite
Fourier Transformation." Thursday,
March 26, West Council Room, Rack-
ham Building, 3:00 p.m. Chairman,
R. V. Churchill.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
"We have an air raid shelter, but what good is it?-After
Herkimer drives the car in, there's no room for any of us!"
oration with the College of Architec-
ture and Design. This exhibition is
intended to give the layman a better
understanding of the meaning of
architecture, to demonstrate the
modern techniques of museum dis-
play of visual materials as instru-
ments of education, and for its ap-
peal to those interested in art. The
exhibit is in the Rackham Galleries,
and will continue through April 1.
Open daily, 2-5 and 7-10, except Sun-
days. The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Lieut. Wallace
Howell of the U.S.A. Air Corps, will
lecture on the subject, "Cloud For-
mations", illustrated, under the au-
spices of the Department of Geology,
on Thursday, March 26, at 8:00 p.m.,
in the Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is cordially invited.
Lecture, College of Architecture
and Design: Mr. Eric Mendelsohn will
speak on "Architecture in a Rebuilt
World" on Thursday afternoon,
March 26, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. The public is
University Lectures: Lectures by
Dr. Carl F. Cori and Dr. Gerty T. Cori
of the Department of Pharmacol-
ogy, Washington University Medical
School, will be given as follows:
"The Role of Enzymes in Carbo-
hydrate Metabolism," by Dr. Carl F.
Cori, on Friday, March 27, at 4:15
"The Isolation and Properties of
Some Enzymes Concerned with Car-
bohydrate Metabolism," by Dr. Gerty
T. Cori, on Friday, March 27, at 8:15
"The Enzymatic Conversion of
Glucose to Glycogen," by Dr. Carl F.
Cori, on Saturday, March 28, at 11:00
All the above lectures will be given
in the Rackham Amphitheater and
will be illustrated. This series is un-
der the auspices of Biological Chem-
istry and the Medical School. The
public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Ralph W.
Chaney, Professor of Paleontology
and Curator, University of Califor-
nia, will lecture on the subject, "For-
ests on a Changing Earth" (illus-
trated), under the auspices of the
Department of Botany, on Wednes-
day, April 1, at 4:15 p.m. in the Na-
tural Science Auditorium. The pub-
lic is cordially invited.
Transportation Club will meet to-
night at 7:30 p.m. in Room 1213, East
Engineering Building. A film en-
titled "Steamer James Rand in Ac-
tion" will be shown. All engineers
Program' of Recorded Music, In-
ternational Center: The usual Wed-
nesday program of recorded music
will be omitted today because the
Center will be used for another meet-
German Roundtable, International
Center, will meet tonight at 9:00. Dr.
Wolf will lead the discussion with the
topic "Deutsches Studentenleben."
All students who can carry on a con-
versation in German or need aid in
conversational German are welcome.
Professor Throop will lead a dis-
cussion on post-war possibilities to-
night in Lane Hall at 7:30.
Special Meeting of Union Mem-
bars: All members of the University
of Michigan Union are hereby noti-
fied of a special meeting tonight at
7:00 for the purpose of acting on
suggested revision of the Michigan
Alpha Phi Omega will meet to-
night at 7:30 in the Michigan Un-
The Faculty Women's Club will
hold its annual tea at the home of
Mrs. Alexander G. Ruthven from
3:30 to 5:30 this afternoon,
La Sociedad Hispanica Conversa-
tion Group will meet Thursday,
March 26, at 8:09 p.m. in the Michi-
gan League. It is an opportunity
for students of Spanish for oral prac-
tice. Everyone is urged to attend.
See Bulletin in League for room
Phi Eta Sigma luncheon meeting
at 12:15 p.m. on Saturday, March
28, at the Union. Reservations must
be made with Karl Reed by 5 00 p.m.
today. This is the last meeting for
the class of 1944.
Hillel Players: Elections for new
officers of the Players will be held
at the Foundation on Tuesday, March
31, at 7:30 p.m.
First Methodist Church: Mendels-
sohn's oratorio "Elijah" will be pre-
sented by thet Senior Choir of the
First Methodist Church on Palm
Sunday evening, March 29, at 8
o'clock in the Sanctuary. Soloists:
Bonnie Ruth Van Deursen, Soprano;
Beatrice Brody Larsen, Contralto;
Avery Crew, Tenor; Mark Bills, Bari-
tone; and Beatrice Nesbitt Ruthven,
Soprano Mary Porter Owin is or-
ganist, and Hardin Van Deursen of