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March 21, 1942 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-03-21

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c41' t

'Hate Indoctrination' Defended


Naval Spokesman's Letter

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches Credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.00, by mail $5.00.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42

Emile Gel .
Alvin Dann
David Lachenbruch
Jay McCormick
Gerald E. Burns
Hal Wilson
Janet Hooler .
Grace Muler
Virginia Mitchell.
Daniel H. Huyett
James B. Collins
Louise Carpenter
Evelyn Wright

Vditorial Staff
. . . . Managing Editor
S . . . Editorial Director
. . . . .City Editor
* . . . Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
. . Assistant Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor
Business Staff
. . . Business ',Manager
. Associate Business Manager
. Women's Advertising Manager
. Women's Business Manager

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
U.S. Aids
Education In War .
ARAY OF HOPE to war-burdened
University budgets has revealed it-
self this week in a $50,000,000 subsidy proposed
by the United States Office of Education. In its
present form and stage of realization (it is
awaiting consideration by the Bureau of the
Budget and Congress) this plan proposes to aid
135,000 students in 200 colleges and universities
operating on the three-year graduation schedule.
Projected assistance will be given to fields of
engineering, chemistry, physics, production su-
pervision, medicine, dentistry and pharmacy.
There has been no administration set up for
this plan, since the education office will be
taking requests from institutions included on its
subsidy list. By leaving allocation of grants open
to the universities themselves-a move aimed at
debunking charges of "regimentation"-the gov-
ernment will be hazarding several purposes of
its investment.
IN THE FIRST PLACE, students have been as
hard hit as their universities. It would be
difficult to find any benefits to education if
universities were assisted in maintaining full
facilities while their students stayed out of
school because of insufficient tuition funds.
Juggling budget appropriations for a three-
semester year is no more a problem than stretch-
ing two semesters' tuition over three with no
income-producing summer vacation.
If this education office project is approved-
and its deficiencies do not outbalance its basic
soundness-then the universities will have to
strike a medium between aiding their students
and aiding their own facilities. Subsidized facul-
ties and laboratories operating at a peace-time
rate will be merely wasting government money
if some means is not found to enable a sufficient
number of students to continue in school during
a three-semester year.
THE EDUCATION OFFICE is also considering
plans for subsidizing liberal arts courses along
with such fields as adult education and com-
munity work. Although the engineer and the
physicist are of more material value in war-time,
there will be surely a need later on for men
trained in the humanities. Education, particu-
larly in colleges and universities, is one of the
most powerful forces towards fulfillment of
whatever idealistic war aims we have set up. No
government planning to aid education can afford
to skim the original purpose of educational.
The office of education is faced therefore with
two major wrinkles that must be smoothed out
before its plan can be completely workable.
Firstly, it should give students some assurances
that this subsidy will help solve their education
problems either by more scholarships or reduced
tuition. And secondly, it cannot lose sight of the
very foundation of colleges and universities-
liberal arts education. "Trade school" training
is adequate and should be emphasized in war-
time, but hopes for a decent future cannot rest
solely on slide-rules and test tubes.
- Dan Behrman
German Labor Shortage
Hitler is troubled because he can't have a man

(Editor's Note: We feel that this exchange of
letters between Homer Swander, president of the
Student League of America, and a Navy spokes-
man in regard to Navy plans to engender hatred
of the enemy in aviation cadets deserves the atten-
tion of college men.)
The Honorable Frank Knox,
Secretary of the Navy,
Washington, D. C.
Dear Sir:
ACCORDING to a recent issue of the New York
World-Telegram, the Navy is planning to
retain psychologists to imbue aviation cadets
with war-time thinking--"engendering a hate
for our enemies and their methods."
The Student League of America-whose mem-
bers were interventionists long befoe Pearl Har-
bor, are now solidly behind anything which will
help in the war effort-vigorously objects to
such a program of "psychological" training.
Those of us who are going to fight this war do
not now, and do not want to, hate the German,
Italian or Japanese people. We hate their ideas
and what they stand for, certainly. But we also
realize that after the war is over we are going
to have to live in a world community with the
very persons we are now fighting; and we know
that engendering hate today will only pave the
way for a break-up of that community and
eventually another war.
FURTHERMORE, this is not a battle which
must be fought with a concept as negative as
hate. We will have a far greater chance for vic-
tory if our soldiers and sailors are taught that
the United Nations are fighting for the positive
concept of freedom. When a man comes to
understand the real. basic issues of liberty versus
slavery, of prosperity versus poverty, he will fight
with a vigor and a courage unmatched by any
hate-filled man on earth.
We appeal to you, then, in the interests of
victory and' permanent peace to immediately
stop any program of the Navy's which is designed
to instill hatred in the men of our armed forces.
Very sincerely yours,
(Signed) Homer D. Swander, Jr.,
President, Student League of America
Drew Pearsos
WASHINGTON--Now that Gen. MacArthur
has left the Philippines, some of the secret facts
about moves to get him out can be disclosed.
Around the middle of February, the General
Staff in Washington suggested to MacArthur
that he leave the Bataan Peninsula, They "sug-
gested," because MacArthur is a full general,
and there is only one other full general in the
Army, the Chief of Staff, Gen. Marshall. Gen-
erals do not usually order each other, especially
when one is in the field and is considered the
best judge of what he is to do, unless he comes
to long range strategy.
The proposal of the General Staff had the full
sanction of the President, and a submarine actu-
ally was ready to take MacArthur and his family
from Bataan.
However, MacArthur replied that he was not
ready to leave yet. So the only way to transfer
him was by a direct order from the commander-
in-chief, namely Roosevelt.
At that time Gen. Wavell was still the supreme
commander of Allied forces in the Southwest
Van Paasseli rTalk

My dear Mr. Swander:
YOUR LETTER of February 21st, addressed to
the Secretary of the Navy, was referred to
the Bureau of Navigation for reply.
I quite agree with you that hate is evil, hate
is the currency of the devil and finally-if not
checked-it can be self-destroying. Modern war
means the suspension of sportsmanship and
chivalry-the Marquis of Queensberry rules are
destroyed. Yet, it would be very difficult for me
to conceive of U. S. Naval personnel participating
in such an act of treachery as that perpetrated
and executed by the Japanese on December 7th
against any potential enemy. Heretofore our
Navy has trained its men to fight honorably and
valorouisly for the Flag and Country. It is to
stir the fighting instincts of not only our armed
forces but our civilian population that we are
exerting every effort to point out the dangers of
the continuance of the amateur attitude toward
this life and death struggle, viewing it as though
it were an athletic game, contested under set
rules of sportsmanship. Ours is a difficult job
and the responsibility great. In these times, be-
cause of our psychological and ethical training,
it is hard to determine what conduct is accept-
able to civilized man and what would be con-
sidered beastly. We have always felt that the
noble thing was the right thing. We now pause
to question its adequacy.
I AM NOT as much concerned about our neigh-
bors and our own condition in the world
community after the war as I am about the
ethic of officially "engendering a hate for our
enemies." Yet, we are in a desperate struggle
for survival and though the proposition of engen-
dering a hate for our enemies will be frowned
upon by all cvilized men, we must not lose sight
of the fact that only on the soil of the United
Nations will you find civilized men. From your
and my point of view, the idea of engendering
hate for our enemies is not acceptable. Yet. no
one definitely knows, we only think we do, what
is the best psychological training for the purpose
of winning this war; for win it we must-even if
it means the official engendering of hate for
our enemies and their methods and leaving fu-
ture world community problems to the future
world community. I suspect you agree with my
personal point of view on this.
Sincerely yours,
(Signed) L. E. Denfield, Captain U. S. N.
Assistant Chief of Bureau
. Pacific, and the defense of Australia had not
yet started. Moreover, there were few American
troops in Australia to command.
Later, however, the President sent word to
MacArthur to prepare to leave the Philippines
as soon as he could readily do so, and take com-
mand of all the Allied forces in Australia.
Note-Meanwhile, certain anti-Roosevelt Sen-
ators were berating the President for allegedly
keeping MacArthur in the Philippines because,
they said, he feared the general as a political
opponent. One Democratic Senator, whose re-
nomination Roosevelt vigorously opposed in the
famous purge of 1938, actually remarked at a
dinner table: "We are demanding that Roose-
velt bring MacArthur back, but I hope he keeps
him there and MacArthur is taken prisoner.
Then the resentment of this country will be such
that we can sweep this man out of the White
.Jadam Secretary
Secretary Perkins appeared at a secret Senate
Labor committee meeting the other day, follow-
ig which Chairman Elbert Thomas told re-
porters that she had testified on "labor coopera-
tion" in the war effort. However, the Utah
Senator took care not to disclose that another
matter had been discussed which would have
made a much hotter news story.
Miss Perkins was asked bluntly when she was
going to resign.
Further, she was asked the question by New
Deal Senator James Murray of Montana. Mt-
ray tossed this bombshell while the Secretary of
Labor was chattering away about the efforts of
her conciliation service to end disputes in war
"Most of the letters 1 receive criticizing labor
can be traced to business interests," Murray sug-
gested at this point. "Don't you think that this

is all part of a cleverly-devised propaganda cam-
paign by some of the big industrial leaders to
stir up trouble and undermine public confidence
in labior?''
"No, T wouldnt go so far as to accuse industry
of trying to stir up, trouble," replied Miss Per-
kins, apparently nettled by the interruption.
"'I'm als ge~tting a lot of letters about you,
Madam Secretary," continued Murphy unper-
turbed. "Workers in my state and elsewhere are
not satisfied with your administration of the
Labor Department, and frankly would like to
see you get out. Both factions of labor are agreed
on this, but apparently you have not been im-
pressed by their wishes."
By this time the room was as silent as a tomb
and Murray, looking Miss Perkins squarely in
the eye, asked bluntly, "When do you plan to
Miss Perkins' reply was a defiant toss of her
head and an angry glare at Murray. That was
all. She said nothing.
Chairman Thomas, startled speechless by
Murray's question, hastily came to Miss Perkins'
rescue. le changed the subject with a request
that she submit a report on the number of man-
hours lost because of labor disputes last year.
In Montana, bets are being offered at 5 to 1
odds that Renresentative Jeannette Rankin. who

VOL. LIT. No. 124
Publication In the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Staff Travel by Automobile: As a
measure of economy it is requested
that faculty and staff members who
have occasion to travel on Univer-
sity business by personally owned or
University owned automobile report
their plans in advance to the office
of Dr. Frank E. Robbins, Assistant to
the President (Campus telephone
328), in order that, when feasible,
persons going to the same place at
the same time may ride in the same
car and save both tires and expense.
A record of such plans will be kept
in the President's Office, and those
who find it necessary to make a trip
may inquire there as to the possi-
bility of riding with others.
Persons on the University payroll
may hereafter, until further notice,
purchase defense savings bonds
through deductions from salary pay-
ments. These deductions must be in
amounts of $3.75 or multiples there-
of. The University will on request
make such deductions and hold them
until they amount to $18.75 or the
multiple thereof named by the pur-
chaser. When such accumulation is
reached, the University will purchase
the proper defense bond (Series E,
ten-year appreciation bond) which
will be delivered to the purchaser
either directly or through one of the
local banks. The installment arrange-
ment herein described makes it pos-
sible for anyone to cafry out with the
least possible effort on his or her
part the patriotic purpose of sup-
porting the Government during the
war by the purchase of defense
bonds. Blanks authorizing the pay-
roll deductions may be had at the
Cashier's Office, South Wing of
University Hall, the Cashier's Office
on floor one at the University Hos-
pital, or at the office of the Super-
intendent of Buildings and Grounds.
The orders for deductions from
payroll herein provided for may be
cancelled at any time at the discre-
tion of the signer thereof, in which
case any accumulations not suffi-
cient for the purchase of a bond will
be returned.
Shirley W. Smith
Faculty, School of Education: The
March meeting of the faculty will be
held on Monday, March 23, in the
University Elementary School Libra-
ry. Tea will be served at 3:45 p.m.
and the meeting will convene at 4:15
University Building Wardens and
all members of the University staff
who have volunteered for University
civilian defense work are strongly
urged to attend the meeting to be
held in Hill Auditorium at 8:00 p.m.,
Tuesday, March 24, for all protective
services and auxiliaries in Washte-
naw County. At this meeting, which
will be for instructive purposes for
all regulars and volunteers in train-
ing for civilian defense, severalfilms
will be shown followed by lectures on
fire protection, handling of fire
bombs, pjice work, etc.
Edward C. Pardon, co-chairman,
University Committee o Plant and
Personnel Protection.
Notice to non-forestry students who
applied for summer work: A new ap-
plication form has been received from
the U.S. Forest Service and addition-
al data requested from all applicants.
Please call therefore btween 1:45
p.m. and 5:00 p.m. at Room 3052
Natural Science Building on March

24 or 26, or on Saturday mornings,
March 21 and 28, from 8:00 to 11:00
a.m. A short interview is required.
If your draft status or intention to
attend the summer term have
changed your plans so that you wish
to cancel your application, please
call 4121, Ext. 502, and give this in-
formation. Please do not phone this
number for general information about
summer forestry work.
S. T. Dana, Dean
A cademic Notices
Physics Colloquium on Monday,
March 23, at 4:15 p.m. in Room 1041
Randall Laboratory. Professor Sleat-
or will speak on "Interesting Prop-
erty of the Catenary; The Path of
a Rolling Hoop: B and H in College
The Bacteriological Seminar will
meet in Room 1564 East Medical
Building on Monday, March 23, at
8:00 p.m. The subject will be "Up-
per Respiratory Infections." All in-
terested are cordially invited.
Anthropology 162 and Anthropol-
ogy 101 will not meet today.
M. Titiev
Department of Music Education:
All transfer students (graduate and
undergraduate) must validate music
education, vocal or instrumental me-
thods, and practice teaching by tak-
ing the comprehensive examination
This examination will be given in
Room 206 of the Tower at 1:30 p.m


t Y. Pal Oft. AuL . Res. . - 2 .'
"Here you can raise your own fruits, vegetables, chickens-so no matter
what happens you and yours will never hunger-and in a real emergency
there's the best little hamburger stand, only a mile down the road!"

a> Av'All- t :-
-. 1~ '~ Nl


Schol of Education Students, other
than freshmen: Courses drooped
after today will be recorded with the
grade of E, except under extra-
ordinary circumstances. No course
is considered officially dropped un-
less it has been reported in the office
of the Registrar, Room 4, University
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Courses drop-
ped after today by students other
than freshmen will be recorded with
the grade of E. Exceptions to this
regulation may be made only be-
cause of extraordinary circumstances,
such as serious or long-continued ill-
E. A. Walter
May Festival Concert: Students or
others desiring to have copies of the
announcement of the May Festival
sent to their parents, friends or
musical acquaintances, will please
leave names and addresses at the
offices of the University Musical
Society, Burton Memorial Tower.
The assignment of performers is as
The Philadelphia Orchestra will
participate in all six concerts.
Wednesday evening: Marian An-
derson, contralto, soloist. Eugene
Ormandy, conductor.
Thursday evening: First half-
"King David" (Honegger); soloists,
Judith Hellwig, soprano; Enid Szan-
tho, contralto; Felix Knight, tenor;
and Rabbi Barnett R. Brickner, nar-
rator. University Choral Union,
Thor Johnson, conductor. Second
Part: Emanuel Feuerman, Violon-
cellist; Thor Johnson, conductor.
Friday afternoon: First part: "Wal-
rus and the Carpenter" (Fletcher)
Youth Chorus, Juva Higbee, Con-
ductor. Second Part: Carroll Glenn,
violinist; Saul Gaston, conductor.
Friday evening: Helen Traubel, so-
prano, soloist. Eugene Ormandy,
Saturday afternoon: Sergei Rach-
maninoff, painist, soloist. Eugene
Ormandy, conductor.
Saturday night: Ninth Symphony
(Beethoven). Soloists: Judith Hell-
wig, soprano; Enid Szantho, contral-
to; Jan Peerce, tenor; and Mack
Harrell, baritone. University Chor-
al Union, Eugene Ormandy, con-
Charles A. Sink, President
Exhibition: An Introduction to
Architecture. An elaborate educa-
tional exhibition produced by the
Ann Arbor Art Association in collab-
oration with the College of Architec-
ture and Design. This exhibition is
intended to give the layman a better
understanding of the meaning of
architecture, to demonstrate the
imodern techniques of museum dis-
play of visual materials as instru-
ments of education, and for its ap-
peal to those interested in art. The
exhibit is in the Rackham Galleries,
and will continue through April 1
Open daily, 2-5 and 7-10, except Sun-
days.' The public is cordially invited
University Lecture: Ralph W
Chaney, Professor of Paleontology
and Curator, University of Califor-
nia, will lecture on the subject, "For
ests on a Changing Earth" (illus-
trated), under the auspices of the
Department of Botany, on Wednes-
day, April 1, at 4:15 p.m. in the Na
tural Science Auditorium. The pub
lic is cordially invited.
Biochemical Lecture: Professo
David M. Greenberg, Professor o
I Biochemistry, University of Calfor
nia, will lecture on "Factors in Bon
Metabolism as Studied with Radio
' active Isotopes" in the East Lectur
z Room of the Rackham Building, o
. Saturday, March 28, at 8:00 a.m.

seum. Members desiring to go as a
group, please meet at 2:15 p.m. at the
International Center. The reglar
meeting of the Suomi Club will be
held this evening at 8:00 in the Inter"
national Center.
Public Health Students: A party
for the students in the School of
Public Health will be held this eve:
ning at 8:30 in the Assembly Hall,
third floor, of the Rackham Build-
ing. There will be games and danc-
ing; and all students are urged to be
Graduate Square Dance, sponsored
by the Council and Outing Club, to-
night, 9:00-12:00, in the Outing Club
Room of the Rackham Building. All-
graduate students welcome. Instruc-
tion. Refreshments.
Ushering Committee for Theatre
Arts: Sign up for the Art Cinema
League film, "The Girl From Lenin-
grad." This is being shown today
with a special maitnee this after-
noon. The lists are posted in the
League Undergraduate office.
Coming Events
Varsity Glee Club: First basses will
rehearse at 3:45 p.m. on Sunday. Reg-
ular rehearsal at 4:30 p.m.
League House Council will meet
in the League on Tuesday. All coun-
cil representatives are required to
"Socialism and the War" will be the
topic of an open discussion held by
the Young-Peoples Socialist League
on Sunday, March 22, at 3:00 p.m. in
the Michigan Union, room 304. All
are welcome.
Senior Women: Caps and gowns
for Senior Supper will be on sale
Monday, March 23, from 12:30 to
5:30 p.m. in the League Ballroom.
No one will be admitted to the Sen-
ior Supper without cap and gown.
Gamma Delta Student Club will
have its regular fellowship supper
at 5:45 p.m. Sunday at St. Paul's
Lutheran Church.
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples): 10:45 Morning worship' Rev.
Frederick Cowin, Minister.
6:30 p.m. Disciples .Guild Sunday
Evening Hour. Mr. Kenneth Morgan,
Director of the Student Religious
Association, will speak on "The Re-
ligious Man: Superior to Anything
Which Happens to Him." A social
hour and tea will follow the discus-
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
Sunday: 8:00 a.m. Holy Communion;
9:00 a.m. Confirmation Breakfast,
Harris Hall; 11:00 a.m. Kindergarten,,
Harris Hall; 11:00 a.m. Junior
Church; 11:00 a.m. Morning Pryer,
Sermon by the Rev. Frederick W.
Leech; 4:00-6:00 p.m. H-Square Club
Meeting, Harris Hall; 7:30 p.m. Chor-
al Evensong, address by the Rev.
Michael Coleman, Vicar of All Hal-
lows Church, London, England;
"College Work Program," Sunday,
7:30 p.m. the Student Guild will
meet at the Church to hear Mr. Cole-
man. After the service there will be
opportunity to meet Mr. Coleman at
Harris Hall; Monday noon there will
be a luncheon at Harris Hall in honor
- of Mr. Coleman. Please call 8613
for reservations.
r First Church of Christ, Scientist:
f Sunday morning service at 10:30.
- Subject: "Matter." Sunday School
e at 11:45 a.m.
'e First Methodist Church: Mendels-
n sohn's oratorio "Elijah" will be pre-
sented by the Senior Choir of the

By Lichty

P~rovides (Xnirasf

f .

long suffering University lecture au-
dience was amply rewarded the
other night for two patient years of waiting, two
years during which a vast majority of Hill Audi-
torium speakers had big names and little infor-
mation, imposing mniners md trivial subject
Not since some two years ago when It. I.
Knickerbocker told approximately the same au-
dience that the world was going to pot and they
with it, has a inan like Pierre van Passen taken
his place as fa ' as speaking abilitV is concerned.
Lecturers like Anne O'hare McCorlmick, Sinclair
Lewis and fHugh Gibson to name some of this
year's crew said ntothini g tiat wasn't said in
yesterday's newspapers and: said it poorly at
Archduke Ferdinand and his lectures were a
standard campus joke of last year. However,
only when a man like van Paassen speaks are
the shortcomings of his predecessors thrown into
such relief as they were Thursday evening.
much-less-than capacity audience-others
were no doubt discouraged by previous dis-
appointments-heard van Paassen strike with
new information and real intelligence at the
heart of world problems.
They heard for the first time that there were
75,000 Americans working night and day in
Eritrea to keep the RAF in Libya and the Rus-
sians well supplied with the latest makes of
American planes.
Still more important, many heard for the first
time criticism of the British which was not petty

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