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March 20, 1942 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-03-20

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"weather

Rain or Snow
Wind Will Blow

4tit

iaItlj

Editorial
Public Is Victim
Of Misinformation..

VOL. LI. No. 123 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Men Over 45
Will Register
On New Date
Set For Draft
April 27 Is Proclaimed
Registration Day; Oldest
Group To See Possible
Non-Combatant Service
War Chiefs Oppose
Anti-Labor Laws
WASHINGTON, March 19.-(P)-
The government today ordered the
oldest group of men under the Selec-
tive Service Law-45 to 64 inclusive
-to register on April 27, for possible
non-combatant service in the future.
The new registration date pro-
claimed by President Roosevelt will
leave only one group not yet re-
corded, those of 18 and 19 years. Es-
timates of the total registration for
the 45-64 age group range around
15,000,000.
The Chief Executive issued a proc-
lamation, under terms of the Selec-
tive Service Act, which provides that:
"The registration of male citizens
of- the United States and other male
persons who were born on or after
April 28, 1877, and on or before Feb.
16, 1897, shall take place in the
United States and the Territories of
Alaska and Hawaii, and in Puerto
Rico on Monday, April 27, between
the hours of 7 a.m. and 9 p.m."
None Will Be Taken
While none of these comparative
oldsters will be taken into the fight-
ing forces, there is the possibility that
some or many of them will be as-
signed eventually to essential war
work. Brig.-Gen. Lewis B. Hershey
has said that one purpose of the
draft law was an "accurate and sys-
tematic appraisal" of the supply of
man power.
Testifying before a House commit-
tee last month, Hershey asserted that
"we must have much more control
over placements of men than we now
have to meet the war manpower
problem." It was noted, however, that
there is no existing law to compel
a work-or-fight policy.
The April 27 registration will be
the second since the United States
entered the war. The first registered
the 20 to 44 group on Feb. 16, and the
lottery for that group was held last
Tuesday. Estimates before the Feb.
16 registration were that about 9,-
000,000 were in that age bracket.
First Draft Registration
The first draft registration since
the World War was held on Oct. 16,
1940, when about 17,000,000 men
from 21 to 35, inclusive, registered.
The second kegisration, of those who
had become 21 since the first draft,
was held last July and totaled about
750,000.
Like the previous drafts, today's
order applied to "male citizens of
the United States and other male
persons" and is effective in the
United States, the Territories of
Alaska and Hawaii and in Puerto
Rico. Exceptions are made for those
already in the armed forces and pro-
visions made in certain cases for reg-
istration before or after the April
27 date.
Nelson, Patterson Oppose
Anti-Labor Laws
WASHINGTON, March 19.-(UP)-
Donald M. Nelson, War Production
chief, and Robert P. Patterson, Un-
dersecretary of War, opposed new

war labor legislation today, while the
administration endeavored to obtain
labor's consent to abolishing double-
pay rates for Sunday and holiday
work.
Meahwhile, Rep. Smith (Dem.-
Va.i, for years a critic of the closed
shop and the wage-hour law, took a
view directly contrary to that of
Nelson and Patterson. He told the
House naval committee that the
country wanted to know "whether
Congress is running the war effort,
or labor."
He urged approval of his bill to
limit profits on war :contracts to six
per cent, suspend maximum hour leg-
islation on work done under naval
contracts, and abelish for the dura-
tion of the war all overtime pay rates
and the closed shop on such con-
tracts.
Nelson, testifying before a Senate
subconmmittee, said increased produc-
tion could be obtajned "without the
use of force," and Patterson bluntly
asserted that Smith's bill would work
a violent change which "might result
in .deterioration, rather than an im-

Nazis Reported Razing
Kharkov Before Retreat

Japs Advance On Port Moresby

Fierce
As

Battles Reported Raging On Russian Fronts
Germans Try To Stein Red Army Advance

Under

Fifth Column's Guidance;

LONDON, Friday, March 20.-MP-
German troops under assault in
Kharkov are blowing up oil stores
and other equipment, "apparently re-
alizing the occupation is at an end,"
a Stockholm dispatch to the Daily
Mail said tqday.
Great fires are raging in the in-
dustrial city which the Nazis cap-
tured last October, the report said.
The Red Army was reported at the
gates of Kharkov last Sunday.
"Tank, gun and ammunition de-
pots are being dynamited," the cor-
respondent said.
"The Germans are destroying what
they and hordes of forced labor have
recreated during six months of pre-
carious occupation."
The Stockholm dispatch gave this
report of the situation:
Kharkov itself is almost surround-
ed, its westward communcations lim-
ited to one railway and road to Pol-
tava and that link is deemed in-
sufficient to supply the 500,000 Ger-
mans believed to be centered in the
region.
Railway Line
A railway line northwest of Kono-
top is too seriously threatened by reg-
ular Soviet forces to be of any use,
and these regulars are aided by
swarms of guerrillas.
"Kharkov now seems hardly a ten-
able position for the large adminis-
trative staff which comprises Field
Marshal Fedor von Bock's headquar-
ters.
"It is not yet clear whether he (von
Bock) has retreated, though it be-
comes daily more obvious that Khar-
kov and the whole upper Donets line
is sagging to the point of collapse."
On other fronts the Nazis are
counter-attacking in desperately fu-
tile efforts to rescue trapped troops
Loud Chosen
Puck Captain
By Letter men
By STAN CLAMAGE
Scrappy little Hank Loud, net-
minder on the Wolverine hockey team
for the past two seasons, was honored
by his teammates last night when he
was named captain for the 1942-43
puck season.
It was no difficult choice for the
11 letter-winners to make, for the
fiery goalie, oldest man in service
on the team, has been one of the
most consistently hard fighters on
the sextet. About his new captain-
elect, Coach Eddie Lowrey had this
to say, "He battles all the time, and
will be an inspiration for the team
to follow in the coming season."
In the nets for the Maize and
Blue team, Hank's task has demand-
ed constant alertness for every min-
ute in each of the 35 games in which
he has played in Michigan garb. The
Grimsby, Ontario junior was forced
to protect the goal with the odds
against him. With the Wolverines
badly in need of reserve material for
a goodly portion of the season, and
thus not at full strength, Loud was
forced to face more than an average
number of opponents' shots.
In fact, Loud's per game total
number of saves was the largest of
any collegiate goalie in the country.
During the past 18-game campaign,
he averaged a trifle over 40 saves a
contest. And that's keeping busy in
any ice battle. ,
Unlike his predecessor in the Wol-
verine nets, "Spike" James, Loud has
Turn to Page 3, Col. 3

Decisive Burma Battle Imminent

and stem the Russian advance, the
Red Army reported tonight.
The fiercest fighting of all raged
in an unidentified sector of the
southern front, the army newspaper
Red Star said.
Trying to relieve several units from
a grave predicament, the Germans
threw in every weapon of war, but
were repulsed and lost another set-
tlement, Red Star related, and added
that the Russian advance there was
continuing.
Story On Central Front
The story was similar on the cen-
tral front, where Red Star reported
the Russians encircled a German
garrison in an important town after
several days of battle in a blinding
blizzard.
A dispatch from that front said
that the Germans were trying to fur-
nish the trapped unit with munitions
and food by plane and that captured
orders showed the commander of the
101st German rifle regiment had al-
ready reduced his men's rations one-
third.
U.S. Puts Key
Iforma tiona
Bureau Here
Material Of War Agencies
To Be Made Available"
By DistributionCenter
The U. S. Office of Education has
notified officials here that the Uni-
versity is to be one of the nation's
140 key war information centers,
The purpose of the center will be
to make information regarding war
service opportunities, operation of
selective service and materials being
published by governmental and pri-
vate agencies on war problems avail-
able to students, faculty and the pub-
lic at large.
Having begun a similar local infor-
mation center on its own initiative
early in January, the University is
far in advance of others only recently
designated by the Office of Educa-
tion,
Not long after the local center was
formed the War Board sent Prof.
Burton Thuma of the psychology de-
partment to Fort Custer and the Fed-
eral Building in Detroit where he
obtained information which has since
been made available to students and
faculty.
The facilities of the information
center will be expanded, however, due
to the new order of the Office of
Education. Published material for
the use of speakers, program chair-
men, discussion organizers, librarians,
school teachers, defense councils and
others will be available in the War
Board office, Room 1009 Angell Hall.
Development and maintenance of
the key center here will be under the
direction of a committee composed of
Professor Thuma, Prof. Arthur Van
Duren, Jr., of the German depart-
ment and Prof. Dow V. Baxter of the
forestry school.
Today is the last day for inter-
viewing of men candidates for fall
orientation posts. All interested
are asked to report between 3 p.m.
and 5 p.m. in Room 305 of the
Union.

F\

IInvaders Move Forward
On Truck, Boat, Mules
Toward Prome Road
Outcome To Hinge
On Chinese Army
BULLETIN -
SAN FRANCISCO, March 19.-
(1)-First word of an American air
force in India was given tonight
in a New Delhi broadcast relayed
by radio Melbourne.
"An American air force has
arrived in India, including Philip-
pine veterans," said the Australian
broadcast, picked up here by the
CBS shortwave listening station.
WITH THE BRITISH ARMY in
Central Burma, March 19-(IP)-The
decisive battle for central Burma ap-
peared definitely imminent today in
the Irrawaddy Valley-Burma's spi-
nal column - as Japanese troops
moved northward by motor transport,
boat and mule-train toward the Brit-
ish defenses in the Prome sector shel-
tering the Yenang-Yaung oil fields.
The fight will be for the Prome
Road, asphalted western branch of
the old Burma Road running along
the broad Irrawaddy to the rich cen-
tral Burma oil fields, thence to Man-
dalay. Japanese forces also are mov-
ing up the eastern branch, or Toun-
goo Road, and there has been pre-
liminary fighting in the Kanyutkwin
sector of this eastern road to Manda-
lay, some 100 miles north of Ran-
goon.
(In this area, a communique
broadcast by Radio Madras said
Thursday, the British withdrawal to-
ward Toungoo proceeded after Jap-
anese flank attacks had been beaten
off. The communique also said 25
enemy planes were believed destroyed
by the American Volunteer Group's
air raids Wednesday on the Moul-
mein Airdrome and Fedel landing
grounds.)
As Japanese shock troops mopped
up the conquered Burma delta and
drew upon the native population for
armed recruits, battle-worn British
Imperials took up new defensive po-
sitions well south of Prome. (A Lon-
don spokesman said this involved the
abandonment of Tharrawaddy, 60
miles above Rangoon on the Prome
Road).
VU'Coinmittee
Gucid es Action,
Of Activities
(Editor's Note:rTis is the eighth i,
a series on :student government or-
ganizations ol the University campus.)
By DAN B EIRMAN
Although the Board of Regentsis
theoretically be-all-to -end-all on any
campus activity, final arbitration in
student functions rests with the Uni-
versity Committee on Student affairs.
The committee, headed by Dean of
Students Joseph A. Bursy, is com-
posed of eight faculty members and
five students all with equal voting
power. Ex-officio members include
the Dean of Women, the Dean of
Students, and heads of Men's Judi-
ciary, Women's Judiciary, the Union,
the League and The Daily, with other
committeemen appointed by Presi
dent Alexander Ruthven from the
University Senate.
This group has "full supervision
and control of all student activities
other than athletic and those falling
within the jurisdiction of the Com-
mittee on Student Conduct."
According to Dean Bursley, there is
unanimous accord on all motions
brought before the committee. Not
within his memory has there ever
been a split based on faculty-student
lines.

Student membership on the affairs
committee has been comparatively re-
Turn to Page 6, Col. 2
Dr- M i agWill (Itr
The concluding lecture on "Mar-
riage in Wartime" will he given by
Dr. Margaret Mead at 4:1<5 p m. today

Three Allied Ships Torpedoed,
Making Atlantic Coast Toll 41

Survivors Relate Stories
Of Enemy Sub Raids
On Merchant Vessels
(By The Associated Press)
Submarine torpedoes and shellfire,
destroying three Allied vessels, lifted
the toll of ships officially announced
as attacked off the United States At-
lantic Coast to 41 yesterday.
One was thek 5,402-ton Yugoslav-
ian freighter Trepca, whose sinking
was disclosed after 33 survivors of a
crew of 37 landed at Lewes, Del. An-
other was identified by the Navy as
a Norwegian tanker, with 38 of the
40-man crew saved, and the third
was listed as a medium sized mer-
chant ship with 38 out of 47 men sur-
viving.
Survivors of the merchant ship, ar-
riving in Miami, Fla., from Havana,
said the ship's radio operator stayed
at his post after the vessel was tor-
pedoed and managed to send distress
signals in spite of shellfire aimed at.
the radio shack.
"Right after the torpedo hit, the
sub surfaced and fired four times,"
one crewman asserted. "The water
was pouring in, and the ship sinking
about a foot a minute, but 'Sparks'
stayed on duty until he could get his
S.O.S. away."
In New York City, six survivors
-from the Trepca, who were among
those landed at Lewes, blamed the
loss of their ship on Friday the 13th,
the wireless operator declaring that
the ship sailed from its Caribbean
BDMOC To Get
Host Of Prizes
Gold Watch, Spring Duds
To Go To Best-Dressed
Whatever worthy Michigan male
comes out with the most votes for
BDMOC will be draped with prizes
from four Ann Arbor merchants.
Contributing to the complete ward-
robe which will be the award for the
BDMOC, in addition to a gold watch
presented by Esquire, will be the
Wagner, Wild, Saffel and Bush, and
Van Boven stores. Exactly what each
store will contribute has not yet been
announced.
Inadvertently overlooked well-
dressed men who were not named on
the original ballot released yesterday
by the campus committee are re-
minded that they must have their pe-
titions, signed by 25 people, in to the
Student Offices of the Union by noon
tomorrow.
The same stores will be represented
in full at Zoot Suit Stuff, all men's
style show to be presented at the
Union Thursday.

port on a Friday and it was attacked
on Friday, March 13.
The shuddering explosion of a tor-
pedo below the bridge in mid-morn-
ing was the first sign of a submar-
ine's presence, the Trepca crewmen
said. Four men, the only ones known
to have been lost, were killed in-
stantly, two of the lifeboats were de-
stroyed, and the radio damaged, pre-
venting an appeal for help.
Captain Stanko Marochini declared
in Lewes, Del., that the attack was
carried out "by a cruiser sub, the
largest I have ever seen, apparently
German." Marochini said two tor-
pedoes were fired, although other
survivors asserted only one struck.
Five Michigan
Stars Will. Run
In Widy City'
Wolverine Thinclads Face
Nation's Best Trackmen
In Chicago Races Today
By BOB STAHL
Out to show all the doubting
Thomases of the track world that
Michigan is still a name to be reck-
oned with as far as power on the cin-
ders is concerned, five members of
the Wolverine track squad will set
out for Chicago today to take part in
the Chicago Relays in the Windy
City's mammoth Municipal Amphi-
theatre tonight.
Led by Bob Ufer, the best quarter-
miler in the country today, the Wol-
verine thinclads will carry with them
the last chance until the outdoor
season begins for any Michigan run-
ners to regain some of the prestige
lost in the past two weeks. And even
though some of the outstanding track
talent in the nation will be in Chi-
cago tonight, the Wolverines are still
conceded a very good chance in the
three events they will enter.
Feature event of the biggest annual
track roundup in the midwest to-
night will be the 600 yard dash, with
probably the finest field of entrants
ever assembled in one race competing
against each other. Ufer will carry
the Maize and Blue colors into the
fray against such track artists as Roy
Cochran, last year's Hoosier hero and
now of the Great Lakes Naval Train-
ing Station, Charley Beetham, for-
mer Ohio State star, and Jimmy Her-
bert, outstanding sprinter in the his-
tory of NYU.
On the basis of past records this
season, the stars in this sprint event
should finish about as close together
as a string of hotdogs. Cochran is
rated as a very slight favorite by a
few of the experts, but Ufer bested
Turn to Page 3, Col. 1

Springboard For Invasion
Of Australia Is Object
Of Nipponese Attacks
Nazi Missionaries
'Support Invaders
MELBOURNE, March 19.-(P)-
Guided by Nazi German missionaries,
a strong Japanese force was reported
tonight to be advancing overland in
New Guinea toward Port Moresby,
enemy-coveted springboard for in-
vasion of the Australian mainland,
while over the continent's whole de-
fense periphery the combined U. S.-
Australian Air Force and Japanese
bombers were furiously engaged.
The Japanese troops, thus sup-
ported by the first recorded instance
of German fifth column work in the
Australian theatre, appeared to be
advancing westward from Lae, their
beachhead on northeasetern New
Guinea Island due north of Port
Moresby and separated from it by a
mountain range. The objective of the
drive was to gain the central plateau,
then turn south toward Port Moresby;
the most important defensive posi-
tion short of the mainland itself. It
lies just across Torres Strait from the
mainland.
Enemy's Immediate Aim
The enemy's immediate aim, said
dispatches from Port Moresby, was
to take over the Markham Valley
with its system of first-rate airports.
The missionaries were said to lhafve
come from pro-Nazi centers in F'in-
schhafen and Alexishafen - both
towns incidentally are in the area of
the enemy's initial landings on New'
Guinea-and to have equipped them-
selves with a radio transmitter, a
small factory for producing arms and
swastika arm bands. They main-
tained good airdromes.
In recent raids on the missions, the
authorities smashed one radio trans-
mitter. They found hundreds 6f
swastika flags and photographs of
Adolf Hitler and learned that some
of the native children of New Guinea
had been taught the Nazi salute.
So far as could be learned, the in-
vading force was in considerable
numbers but the Australian defend-
ers expressed the conviction that the
thrust would be broken well short of
Port Moresby.
Latest Allied Success
Latest big Allied success included
a bombing attack on a heavy Japa-
nese cruiser that left it aflame in the
New Britain Island harbor of Rabaul;
Near misses were scored against two
other large vessels, the indication be-
ing that both were damaged.
This brought to 26 the number of
enemy ships sunk or damaged in
recent Allied air action, 23 of them
having been accounted for in a U. S.
Navy announcement in Washington
of yesterday. Concerning that an-
nouncement, Prime Minister Curtin
explained that the losses were not the
result of any new and single action
but rather were "the losses repre
sented by the total result of a series
of actions in the past 10 days."
Meanwhile, medium forces of en-
emy bombers raiding fort Moresby
were strongly challenged by anti-
aircraft fire, and caused no known
damage in a half-hour raid.
Technic Includes
Col, Ganoe's Letter
To 'U' War Board
The complete text of Col. W. A.
Ganoe's point-blank letter to the
University War Board contained in
this month's Michigan Technic al-
most assures the retiring senior staff
of a complete sell-out 'of their last
issue when it goes on sale again at

8 a.m. today.
Entitled "Victory to the Strong,"
Colonel Ganoe's letter, presented as
a guest editorial, attacks the physi.
cal softness of American youth, and
advocates the immediate adoption of
a plan to add two hours of compul-
sory strenuous exercise, five days a
week, to the University curriculum
as soon as possible.
"Electrification of the Automobile"

Sleeping America Is In Mortal
D anger, Van Paassen Declares

Abernethy To Close SRA Series
With Talk On Bases For Peace

The Rev. Bradford S. Abernethy
will deliver the closing lecture of the
Student Religious Association's series
on religion in the war and its role
in the post-war peace at 8:15 p.m.
today in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Mr. Abernethy will offer his ideas
on "The Bases for a Just Peace." In
September he became secretary of
the Federal Church Council's Com-
mission to Study the Bases for a Just
and Durable Peace. Since then the
noted church leader has devoted
himself to studying the issues in-
volved in a post-war reconstruction
and to correlating the work of city
and state councils on peace plans.
A recipiient of a Bachelor of Arts
degree from Heverford College in

Lecture .--
A near capacity Hill Auditorium
audience sat in almost unnatural
silence last night listening to Pierre
van Paassen tell them that America
is in mortal danger, and that Ameri-
cans are not aware of that fact.
Van Paassen's domination of the
scene was so complete that only once
was the audience stirred from its
quiet. When he' said "take Dakar
at once, and to hell with Vichy," ap-
plause stopped the show momentar-
ily.
But his listeners were silent as the
journalist told them that there are
75,000 Americans at Eritrea who will
be cut off and lost if France suc-
ceeds in passing Madagascar over to
the Japanese. The listeners were
silent as van Paassen told them that
Churchills' four points of freedom
did not include India or Burma,,that
democracy will be difficult to reestab-
lish in Holland and France, but that

Interview ..
While our State Department dick-
ers with Vichy, Darlan, who is bit-
terly anti-British, is working in ever
closer collaboration with Germany,
Pierre van Paassen declared in an
interview yesterday.
"It is not United States pressure,
nor the antics of the State Depart-
ment which has kept tale French
fleet from going to the Nazis, but
rather the crews of the ships," the
author said.
"The crew members are mostly on
the left, and will not fight for Ger-
many in any case, but Darlan has
already put in an entirely pro-Fascist
officer personnel. In addition," van
Paassen said, "40 new destroyers,
built since France's fall will go to
Germany without question, and de-
spite our conciliatory policy."
As for the outcome of the trial at
Riom, van Paassen predicted that
"Leon Blum will probably receive a

F. $

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