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March 18, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-03-18

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Editorial
Complacency Evident
in Latin Aaerica. .,

VOL. LI. No. 121 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 18, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Revision Plan
Gains Senate

And The Draft Numbers

Come

Out Here

'Straw

Vote'

Allies Name MacArthur
To Command In Pacific;
New Nazi Drive Foreseen

Endorsement
Proposal Would Bolster
Representative Control
Of University Student
Government Functions
Final Action Set
For Next Meeting
By DAN BEHRMAN
A unified representative student
government-strong in support and,
strong in action-came into the
realm of probability yesterday when
the Student Senate gave almost unan-
imous approval to a plan for cutting
its membership to a policy-making
group of nine and setting up a separ-
ate merit-motivated administrative
staff.
Although the plan was constitu-
tionally tabled for a final vote next
Tuesday, it received whole-hearted
backing in a "straw poll" aimed at
sounding senate opinion on the pro-
posal brought up by Don O'Con-
nor, '42..
Last night's meeting w'as confined
to straw voting on many motions as
only 19 members of 30 were present.
Constitutional procedure calls for a
majority vote on every amendment,
and only two dissenters were needed
to invalidate most of the voting.
The reorganization faced its great-
est struggle on the issues of elections
and status of present senators. Off-
-the-minutes voting saw the senate
decide to start afresh on the new
plan with all present incumbents
dropped. A yearly instead of semi-
annual election received the same
tacit approval.
As presented by O'Connor and ap-
proved for final discussion next week,
the reorganization scheme sets up a
Student Senate of nine members-
chosen from the campus at large un-
der the Hare system of proportional
representation.
These nine senators-both men and
women are eligible-will formulate
policy but will not be encumbered
by committee and administrative
functions. A new staff, pyramided
Turn to Page 2} Col. 6
FDR Defends
40-Hour Week

When the national draft lottery began, this mec hanical mixing machine was used for the first time in
Washington, D. C. It rotates and tilts from end to en d. A. W. Clime, building superintendent at the inter-
departmental auditorium, where the lottery is being held, inspects the installation and points to hole from
which mixed capsules will drop into. the historic fish bowl, which has been used for every draft drawing
since its first use in the World War draft.
Secretary Stimson Goes Fishing:
Number 3,485 Wis Drat Sweepstakes

Green,
Union

Murray Reaffirm
No Strike Pledge

WASHINGTON, March 17. -()-
President Roosevelt spoke out em-
phatically today against proposals to
repeal the statutory 40-hour week
and overtime pay provisions as re-
newed demands ;for such action were
made in both Houses of Congress.
The President put his foot down
on the proposals at a press confer-
ence, remarking that things are go-
ing pretty well now and that there
has been "an amazing state of pub-
lic misinformation" on the problem.
This expression of his views fol-
lowed a call at the White House by
Philip Murray and William Green.
presidents of the CIO and AFL, and
other labor leaders, at which labor's
no-strike pledge was renewed. The
union spokesmen reaffirmed their
agreement to settle wage and other
disputes through bargaining and con-
ciliation without resort to work stop-
pages.
These developments brought no
immediate evidence, however, of any
abatement of the determination of
Congressmen to proceed with legis-
lation. Chairman Vinson (Dem.-
Ga.) of the House Naval Committee
set a hearing for Thursday on the
bill by him and Representative Smith
(Dem.-Va.) ,to suspend all maximum
hour laws covering war production
and called Secretary of the Navy
Knox as the first witness.
BOMBER
SCHOLARSHIPS
Contributions to the Bomber-
Scholarship Fund-plan to socially
mobilize the University for a $100,000
bomber now and scholarships to stu-
dent World War II veterans after the

(Editor's Note: Because the drawing
of the draft numbers will not be com-
pleted until 5 a.m., it is impossible for
The Daily to furnish a practical list
from the partial results which we now
have.)
WASHINGTON, March 17.-(/P)-
Number 3485 bobbed up tonight as
the first drawn in the new war's first
draft lottery, intended, said Briga-
dier General Lewis B. Hershay, selec-
tive service chie.f, to add "millions to
that pool of men who stand ready for
selection for the necessary tasks,
whatever they may be."
Hershey stressed that some of the
9,000,000 men involved in the lottery
might be drafted to man factories
while their comrades manned guns.
One Of 7,000 Slips
The first number was drawn by
Secretary of War Stimson from
among 7,000 slips encased in opaque
green St. Patrick's Day capsules. It
mans that, among the men who reg-
istered on Feb. 16. Those holding that
serial number would be the first in
their districts to be called for pos-
sible service.
Navy Secretary Knox drew the sec-
ond number,. 2850, and the third,
4301, was pulled out by Rep. May
(Dem.-Ky.) of the House Military
Committee.
The brief opening ceremonies
found General Hershey referring to
Campus Heads
To Nominate
ForBDMOC
Announcement was made yesterday
of the committee which will select
the 10 candidates to vie for the posi-
tion of Michigan's BDMOC.
Representing a cross-section of
campus activities, the eight include
Robert Sibley, '42E, Union secretary;
William Slocum, '42, Men's Judiciary
Council; Don Stevenson, '42, presi-
dent of the IFC; Richard Shuey, '42,
Congress; Dan Huyett, '42, business
manager of The Daily; Margaret'
Sanford, '42, League president; Jean
Hubbard, '42, president of Assembly;
and Patricia Hadley, '42, president of
Panhellenic.
Ten Men To Be Nominated
This committee will choose a field
of 10, but other men are free to
enter competition by submitting a
petition signed by 25 names to the
Student Offices at the Union. All pe-
titions must be turned in to the
Union by this weekend.
Beginning Monday, students will
be able to cast their votes for the
BDMOC, and results of the election
will be announced at the Zoot Suit
Stuff style show which will be held
in the Union Thursday, March 26.
Daily, Union Sponsor Search
The search for Michigan's best
dressed man is being conducted un-
der the joint auspices of The Daily
and the Union in collaboration with
Esquire magazine. At Zoot Suit Stuff,

the possibility that men might be
drafted to man the factories.
"Modern war, mechanized war, yes,
total war-demands a great variety
of tasks from the citizens of a na-
tion," he said.
"Men are selected to fly airplanes;
they may be selected to build air-
planes. Men should be selected to
man ships; they should be selected
to build ships. Men have been selec-
ted to drive tanks-to gain victory
on the battle fields. Men have been
selected to drive tractors-to produce
food in the grain fields.
"This is everyone's war. Each of
us has a stake in it, each of us must
do an essential job to win it. No-
Thrillers Will Leave
Fraternity Libraries
Campus fraternity house libraries,
loaded with unused adventure fiction
of the Rex Beach species, will be able
to aid the Victory Book campaign
today when an Alpha Phi Omega
pick-up truck makes collections be-
tween 3 p.m. and 5 p.m.
This new drive, opened by the
Phi Gamma Delta house's promise of
76 books for servicemen, is aimed to
serve men in the armed forces while
at the same time depleting no
libraries of essential reading mat-
ter.
According to Buck Dawson, '42, of
Alpha Phi Omega and Phi Gamma
Delta, "this drive allows fraternity
men to give something away with-
out losing anything. And it's about
time you stopped reading that stuff
anyways."

thing must hinder the systematic and
orderly procurement and training of
our armed forces. Nothing, not even
the procurement of our armed forces,
must interfere with the time-table of
production of the means by which
the enemy will be defeated."
Major George H. Baker turned the
mixing device for nearly 10 minutes.
Then a second gadget, a funnel-like
device, was produced with which the
capsules were channeled into a huge
gold fish bowl, the same bowl used
in the draft lotteries of the first
World War and in the two lotteries
which have been conducted since the
defensive drive began.
Then General Hershey, accompan-
ied by Stimson and Knox came to the
platform in the interdepartmental
auditorium. Without introduction
Hershey stepped to the amplifier and
delivered his address, then Stimson
was blindbolded and dipped his hand
into the bowl.j
Stimson To Hershey
He handed the capsule to attend-
ants who opened it, jotted the num-
ber it contained on a slip of paper,
and handed the paper to Hershey.
He announced the number.
The five Ann Arbor residents whose
numbers were drawn first in the na-
tional lottery are George E. Ping-
ston of 1105 Spring St. whose serial
number 441 was the fourth number
to be pulled from the goldfish bowl;
Richard H. Kingery, 1600 Morton St.,
serial number 1103, the twenty-first
number to be chosen; Bruce G. Scott
of 204 W. Jefferson, the twenty-sixth
in order; Walter E. Just, a resident of
the Huron Hotel, twenty-ninth; and
Gordon L. Hunter, 1404 Wakefield,
order number 43.

German Closing Of Ports
In Norway Seen As Signi
Of Far Northern Action
British Lose Track
Of Raider_'Tirpitz'
LONDON, March 17. - (P) - All
Norway's ports from North Cape to
Alesund had been closed by the Ger-
mans today, presumably to screen
even from the suppressed but restive
Norwegians a stealthy marshalling
of Nazi military and naval forces
which indicated that those far
Northern waters were about to be-
come a newly active major war thea-
ter.
Speaking just after a disclosure
that the mighty German battleship
Tirpitz "appears to have avoided" a
recent British torpedo-plane attack
off Narvik and thus even now is pre-
sumably loose upon the high seas,
a responsible London informant spec-
ulated that the Germans were pre-
paring attempts to isolate Russia's
Arctic ports, cut her supply lines
from the Allies or even move against
American and British-garrisoned Ice-
land.
Another informant in constant
communication with the Norwegians
suggested a second possible interpre-
tation-that the Nazis were worried
about the possibilities of Allied re-
sponse to Russian calls for the open-
ing of a second front.
And in this connection he declared
Norway was literally seething against
the German conquerors.
Among the day's accumulating in-
cidents pointing to major action in
the North, the sharpest and most.
alarming in British eyes was news
that the Tirpitz, a listed 35,000-ton-
ner had not been run to cover.
Germans also have in Northern
waters the 10,000-ton pocket battle-
ships Admiral Scheer and Luetzow.
Propagandists
Hit By Nelson
WPB Head Warns Nation
AgainstAxisAgents
WASHINGTON, March 17.-()-
Production chief Donald Nelson de-
clared tonight that Axis propaganda
agents were attempting to wreck the
government's production speed-up
drive, and cautioned that "groundless
fears of a few people could bog down
the whole effort."
Nelson did not describe the specific
propaganda line being followed, but
it was understood that he referred to
continued allegations by the Berlin
radio that the production drive-
which involves establishment of joint
labor - management committees in
war plants-was a scheme to "Soviet-
ize" American industry.
The WPB chairman declared em-
phatically that the effort to increase
armament production promptly was
"not intended to further the special
interests of a group."
Speaking briefly on a special four-
network nation-wide broadcast, ar-
ranged hurriedly over the week-end,
Nelson asserted that the production
drive "is not a scheme to promote
company unions" and "it is not a
device to add to or tear down the
power or position of any existing
unions."
"It is not a mangement plan, a
labor plan or any other plan," Nel-
son declared. "It is the War Produc-
tion Board plan. It is a perfectly sim-
ple, straightforward effort to increase
production. I have said this before
and I am saying it again for the
simple reason that a few people do
not seem to understand it."

Slosson Will End
Lecture Series;
To Speak On War
Possible spring campaigns on the
battlefronts of the world will be dis-
cussed by Prof. Preston Slosson, of
the history department, in a lecture
at 4:15 p.m. today in the Rackham
Auditorium.

Van Paassen
Will Discuss
Issues Of War
Alumnae Council To Give
Profits To Emergency
Fund For 'U' Women
Pierre van Paassen. famous foreign
correspondent who will speak at 8:15
p.m. tomorrow at Hill Auditorium,
will be serving a double purpose by
his address.
First, he will speak on "The War
of the Hemispheres" bringing into
play his wide experience and his eye
witness accounts from the capitals of
Europe, and second, his address here
will provide a means of raising funds
for the War Emergency Fund to help
women students whose incomes have
been cut off by the war.
Alumnae Are Sponsors
Sponsored by the Alumnae Coun-
cil, proceeds from the ticket sales
will be turned over to the Office of
the Dean of Women, and women stu-
dents in need of financial assistance
will be helped as much as possible.
Need for a War Emergency Fund
is stressed by Alumnae Council mem-
bers, who cited several cases of wo-
men now in need of funds to help
keep them in school.
One girl reported, that her par-
ents have been arrested in Manila,
several others have been forced to
apply for aid because their par-
ents' businesses have been stopped by
the war, such as automobile sales-
men, and still other women stu-
dents whose families have lost their
homes and sources of income in
Europe are badly in need of aid.
Wel-Known Author
As for the lecture, Pierre van Paas-
sen is well known both by his jour-
nalistic career and as the author of
the best sellers, "Days of Our Years"
and "That Day Alone."
"We stand today on the threshold
of one of the major transformations
in history: a civilization is passing,
but a new .world is in genesis," van
Paassen has said regarding this war.
He offers little encouragement for
the immediate future, but he is con-
fident that out of the chaos, a better
world will come.
Tickets for the lecture may still
be purchased at the box office, the
Alumnae Council Office or from stu-
dents who are selling them.
Local Display
OpensToday
New Architectural Exhibit
Directed By Prof. Mundt
Invasion on a local scale was ac-
complished yesterday when hordes
of artists and art students descended
upon the Rackham Building's display
galleries in preparation for their lat-
est exhibition entitled "An Introduc-
tion to Architecture" which will open
with an informal reception from 8
to 10 p.m. today.
This show was produced under the
sponsorship of the Ann Arbor Art
Association in collaboration with the
University and was directed by Prof.
Ernest Mundt of the College of Archi-
tecture and Design.
When practically the entire archi-
tecture college rolled up its collective
sleeves to pitch in and make a suc-
cess of what it termed a "climax
show," the first of the exhibition's
galleries began to take shape. Here
a stand-out feature of the display
will be found in the "Peek Show," a
series of four abstract space models
of the world's chief architectural
styles.
The second gallery which consists

of a history of the American home
was designed right on the walls by
charcoal-drawing. Prof. Donald B.
Gooch of the design department who
was advised on stylistic problems by
the Association's president, Walter
W. J. Gores, also of the architecture
college. A second section of this gal-
lery has been given over to a full-
size modern room intended to indi-
cate the modern tendency to inte-
grate indoor and outdoor spaces.

Russians Reach German
Strongpoints In Drives
Near Kalinin, Kharkov
Soviet Air Attack
Downs 47 Planes
MELBOURNE, Wednesday, March
18.-O)-General Douglas MacAr-
thur's arrival to assume the United
Nations command in the southwest
Pacific was hailed jubilantly by the
Australian press today as the most
important and most welcome move
yet by the Allies for defense of this
Commonwealth bastion.
"It will be regarded as the best
single piece of news since the out-
break of the Pacific war," said one
editorial. "His gallant stand in the
Philippines has fired the imagination
of Australians, who love a fighter,
and his command of Australians in
addition to American troops will be
an inspiration to the fighting forces."
'Considerable' Forces In Australia
The selection of such a high United
States officer for the important post,
it was pointed out, gives emphasis
to the statement by Secretary of War
Stimson that "considerable" Ameri-
can forces are here.
"It is also an indication," the news-
paper added, "of President Roose-
velt's realization of how important is
the southwest Pacific in this global
war and of what aid the administra-
tion intends to pour into Australia.
"The appointment of MacArthur
always has been warmly advocated
and Prime Minister Curtin again his
read the wishes of the people corg-
rectly in urging MacArthur's trans*
fer to Australia."
Allied Morale Lifted
Meanwhile, Washington reports
that the dramatic transfer of Gen,
eral Douglas MacArthu, hero of Ba-
taan, to supreme command of United
Nations forces in the southwest Pa-
cific gave a lift to Allied morale t -
night and stirred hopes of early of-
fensive blows against the Japanese
foe.
And in Chungking, China, elated
Chinese viewed General MacArthur's
appointmhent to the Allied command
in the southwest Pacific as presaging
the turning of the tide against the
Japanese.
Russians Reach Major
German Strongholds
MOSCOW, March 17.-()-In a
flaming eruption of land, sea and air
fighting, the Russians reported to-
night their forces have beaten for-
ward to the gates of two major Ger-
man strongpoints on the upper and
lower land front and destroyed four
German ships, including two trans-
ports, in Arctic waters.
A giant battle raged on the south-
western front before a vital city-
possibly the great industrial center of
Kharkov-and in one sector of that
area the Germans were declared re-
treating after losing a defensive posi-
tion and more than 1,000 dead.
Fighting In Kharkov Suburb
(A roundabout report heard in Lon-
don and attributed to the Moscow
radio said fighting was progressing
through Kharkov's suburbs.)
The night communique added that
500 Nazis were killed by Soviet forces
which occupied a number of places
in the Kalinin sector, 90 miles north-
west of Moscow. An earlier report
told of the capture of a height com-
manding Staraya Russa, below Lenin-
grad, where remnants of the trapped
16th German Army are being whit-
tled to pieces.
Nazi Dead Litter Field
On another undisclosed sector of
the front the communique said hun-
dreds of German dead were left on
the battlefield after an unsuc-
cessful tank-supported counter-at-
tack against Soviet positions. It gave

the scene of this fighting only as in
the vicinity of the populated point
"D."),
The Germans were declared to have
lost heavily in other attempted coun-
ter-thrusts, while in a spurt of aerial
warfare the comi .niquc 'listed 47
German planes downed yesterday
against 15 Soviet losses.
(By The Associated Press)
Tributaries of the Saginaw Riv- I

Prof. Alt Declares Organization
Best Protection From Bombing

(Editor's Note: This is the first of
two articles on the most efficient de-
fense against air raids. The suggestions
are those of Prof. Glenn L. Alt of the
civil engineering department who
studied air raidD recautions in New
York City.)
By GEORGE SALLADE
Thorough organization and plan-
ning of local air raid defense is the
best possible protection against
bombing attacks in the opinion of
Prof. Glenn L. Alt of the civil engi-
neering department.
Professor Alt recently completed a
study of air raid precautions at a
conference in New York City and last
night presented a paper on the "En-
gineering Aspects of Air Raid Pro-
tection" at a meeting of the Ann Ar-
bor Engineers and Architects Club.
Recommends Central Control
He recommended central, one-man
control of all defense measures as an
absolute essential to successful air
raid protection. The controlling local
group must, of course, have proper
liaison between itself and the respon-
sible state and military authorities.

the direction of a single head, should
be divided into several divisions to
handle the varied problems. Possible
subdivisions would include branches
for administration, intelligence and
liaison, finance and supply, personnel
enrollment and assignment, protec-
tion of utilities, industries, and pub-
lic works, and education of the pub-
lic.
According to Professor Alt, detail-
ed plans for emergency health con-
trol, emergency fire control, first aid,
policing of an area, and repairing
utilities should be made by each com-
munity as early as possible.
Best Raid Guarantee
Professor Alt warned that the best
guarantee against devastating bomb-
ing assaults was to provide sufficient
fighter planes to prevent the enemy
bombers from reaching their objec-
tive. Even with fighter strength, how-
ever, there is always the possibility
that some bombers will succeed in
slipping through the protecting cover
of planes. It is the duty of all engi-
neers, architects and municipal au-
thorities to have a complete under-

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