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March 14, 1942 - Image 6

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-03-14

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PACT SI~X

TII MIIC i iN hA ly

TtTRD~:. afrtCf 4, 1A42

t M a. i V il. 1. 4Y F i A. " l.! A. 1 L{ l
r* e

Michigan Academy Notes,
Scholars' Discussion Includes Plant Control, Labor Shortage,
Sand Dunes, Commodity Prices And Forest Management

ASSOCIATED PRESS

PICTURE

NEWS V

Blakeslee Explains
Conscious Plant Control
Dr. Albert F. Blakeslee, world-
recognized biologist and director of
the Cold Spring Harbor Botanical
Station, explained in a talk yester-
day how life processes and evolution
in plants are becoming increasingly
subject to conscious control by gen-
etic experimenters.
Using the Jimson Weed as an ex-
ample, he showed that Colchicine
can effect changes in the number
of chromosomes and that radium,
X-rays and aging seeds have been
used to induce hereditary changes in
the ultimate genes.
Dr. Blakeslee stated that increased
knowledge of the processes involved
in chemical regulation of plant
growth should enable us to exercise
control over these processes.
Forestry Experts Agree
On Wild-Land Problems
There was little or no clash of
opinion between speakers at the sec-
ond session of the Forestry Section
yesterday when G. S. McIntire of
the Michigan Department of Con-
servation spoke of the problems for-
esters must face in giving total man-
agement to the land of which they
find themselves administrators and
was followed on the program by
Prof. Paul Herbert of Michigan State
College, who propounded a similar
thesis.
McIntire's topic was "The For-
ester's Responsibility in Wild-Land
Management," while Professor Her-
bert's was "The Multiple-Use Prin-
ciple in Forest Land Management."
Topography Hinders
Southern Neighbors
Discussing the effect of topography
upon the lives of our "good neigh-
bors," Prof. Mark Jefferson of Michi-
gap State Normal College stated yes-
terday that the South American peo-
ples have been hindered by their en-
vironment in developing a more pro-
gressive civilization.
Although North Americans speak
df the South American peoples as
their neighbors,, the northern coun-
tries of that continent are as far from
us as Dublin, Ireland, while the
squthern limits of South America are
as distant as Moscow.

Hitler's Ideas Traced a
By Prof. J. W. Eaton
Tracing National Socialist ideas
back beyond their supposed origin
in Der Fuehrer's mind, Prof. John
W. Eaton of the German department
declared that the 18th century Ger-
man philosopher, Fichte, developed
these ideas in 1807 after the terrible
shock of seeing his homeland over-
run by the Napoleonic invasion of
the previous year.
It was not until this Napoleonic
invasion that the Viennese profes-
sor, who in 1799 had been discharged
from the faculty for his marked lib-
eralism, turned to political thoughts.
It wras not until then that he felt the
need of developing some system
which would insure freedom for Ger-
many. At that time this goal seemed
to him to lie in complete individual
subordination to the state.
'leaching, religion, scholars, com-
mon citizens, everyone were to be
the servants of the all-supreme state.
No foreign travel, no foreign ex-
changes were to be conducted except
by governmental permission.
Academy President
Discusses State's Iitnes
Defense priorities have even in-
fringed on the latest scientific means
of charting the Great Lakes dunes
with overlapping air photography,
Prof. Irving D. Scott, president of the
Academy said in his address last
night in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The study of dunes has gained im-
portance, he said, because it reveals
facts on water currents and. winds,
and has also shown geologically that
there have been five major flood
stages of the lakes since the Glacial,
Age.
Michigan dunes, erroneously com-
pared to the dry, dusty moving sands
of deserts in other regions, are really
moist and clean with a pronounced
vegetation cover, he continued. ThereI
is actually only one small region of
shifting "desert" sand in Michigan,
and ordinarily dunes are only grad-
ually built up, sometimes to the
height of 260 feet.
Aside from their rather disastrous
effect on the land, Michigan may well
be proud of its dunes, for no other
region in the United States has a
comparable number or size.

Prof. Landuyt Warns
Of Mounting War Debts
"Man must pay in sacrificing both
material and human resources for
the war effort."
With these words Prof. Bernard
F. Landuyt, of the University of De-
troit, told members of the section in
economics that there is no "financial
legerdemain" by which we can post-
pone payment of increasing war
debts.
He stated that it is necessary to
plan a tax program which will take
care of raising and spending money
and cause the least distress to the
country.
One of the desirable effects of
taxation, he added, is that it raises
low incomes and lowers high in-
comes.
Furstenberg Emphasizes
Need For Army Doctors
The need for doctors today is ap-
palling, especially in the armed
forces, Dr. A. C. Furstenberg, Dean
of the Medical School, pointed out
yesterday at a meeting of the medi-
cal science section.
Six and a half doctors are needed
for every 1,000 soldiers in the Army
and thus, 45,000 medical officers will{
be required by the time an army of
seven million men has been recruit-
ed.
The demands of the Navy are lower
but no less significant. For every
1,000 men, six doctors are needed,
and to fit the goal of half a million
men 3,000 doctors will have to be
recruited.
There are now 12,500 medical offi-
cers in the Army. 62,000 medical
men are between the draft ages and
of this number 17,000 will be dis-
qualified because of physical inabili-
ties. Consequently, 33,000 more doc-
tors have to be recruited from the
45,000 now available and physically
fit.

S E A T 0 Fi A U S T R A L I A N C O V E R N M E N T--sheep graze on the lawns of Australia's parliament at Canberra, capital
of this "down-under" continent threatened by the Japs. Australia's parliament consists of a senate and a house of representatives,

Farm Labor,
Is Explained

Shortage
By Ulrey

#4:

Plowman-Poet Describes Own
'Horatio Alger' Success Story

By BERYL SHOENFIELD
Speaking in round Kentucky ac-
cents at so rapid a pace that it defied
even shorthand, Jesse Stuart, plow-
man-poet, brought the aura of his
native Greenup County to the League
yesterday.
The rumple-haired author, looking
a trifle worn ("Had to walk five miles
from W-Hollow to the train station,
and then sit up all the way"), des-
cribed his own glorified Horation Al-
ger story with mountain dialect, hu-
mor and a flurry of gesture.
"In my youth," Stuart declares,
"the one thing that did somethin' to
me was books; made methe most dis-
satisfied man in the world. I had
to know what was beyond those
hills."
Leaving his folks in W-Hollow,
Stuart became employed in a steel
mill, "where I picked up steel faster
'n any man they had in there" de-
spite his having been so young he
had to lie about his age to get in.
No youngsters had been wanted so
Stuart claims to have put a slip of
paper marked "21" in the heel of his
shoe. "I'm over 21,". he told officials.
He was hired.
A boisterous friendship with one
"Hog" Morton, begun when Stuart
"doubled him up with a pitch fork,"
accompanied his college education,
toward which his impoverished par-
Round Table's
Topic Centers
On War Aims
The question of intervention of the
United States in the internal affairs
of other sovereign states' claimed
most of the attention of the round
table discussion in the Michigan
Academy's history and political sci-
ence section.
Prof. William C. Johnstone of
George Washington University called
attention to the United States' treat-
ment of China as an absolute equal
since the outbreak of war with Japan.
Prof. Earl Pritchard of Wayne Uni-
versity, however, declared that after
the war we must not treat China in
this manner but that the United
ate ng with other nations.

ents had contributed $2.00. Then
there was the "teachin'" epoch of
his life, where the young school mas-
ter couldn't get his algebra problemsI
until his students "worked 'em out,"
and the struggle against poverty and
faculty at Vanderbilt University,
where he worked as "the only white
janitor" and lived on one meal a day.
But throughout the years Stuart
had been. wiiting. "My name looks
good in print," the author affirms,
and others must have liked it too,
for his poems and short stories have
appeared in Harpers, Esquire, and a
host of other publications.
Assigned to write an 18-page auto-
biography at Vanderbilt "showing
how I stood spiritually," Stuart com-
pleted 320 pages, handing them in
pinched together with a rubber band,
so the document wouldn't look so
thick." Stuart failed the course-and
six years later the mnanuscript was
published.
Stuart read selections from his col-
lection of poems, "Man with a Bull-
Tongued Plow," some of which were
written "sittin' on the one-horse
plow, drivin' the cows, and one was
written on the back of a Hershey
bar wrapper."
These poems are "the thoughts in
a man's mind; they don't aim at
social significance-things jest made;
of good, solid stuff," the poet an-
nounced.
Stuart always draws his material
from fact and then fictionaizes. "The
truth alone won't go over," he con-
tends. And with few exceptions, Stu-
art's works have been about life in
Greenup County, in the Kentucky
hills, where men are "all scared up
from fightin'."
MoVie To Explaini
Cooperative Plan
"Here Is Tomorrow," a film demon-
strating the workings of consumers
cooperatives in the United States, will
be shown at 3:30 p.m. tomorrow in
Room 222 of the Union under the
sponsorship of the Intercooperative
Council.
The movie presents a graphic view
of how men and women in communi-
ties all over the country are able to
operate industries, stores and other
agencies of production and distribu-
tion at no profit to anyone but them-

In explaining the position of farm-
ers on control of agricultural prices,
Prof. O. Ulrey of Michigan State Col-
lege emphasized the serious labor
shortage in rural areas resulting from
the difference between wages which
farmers can offer and those paid by
industry.
"The farmers maintain," said Pro-
fessor Ulrey, "that because of rising
costs and the labor shortage it will
be difficult to obtain the production
of farm products desired in 1942 un-
less farm prices are near parity."
In discussing governmental plans
to sell supplies in the Commodity
Credit Corporation at prices below
parity, he stated that although such
a scheme may be necessary to pre-
vent a disastrous inflation, the farm-
ers, because of the gap between real
incomes of the industrial and agri-
cultural blocks, cannot be blamed for
opposing it.
Geologists Valuable
In National Defense
Declaring that trained geologists
can be most valuable to their country
in war time by learning to interpret
aerial photographs, Prof. A. J. Erdly
of the geology department spoke yes-
terday to the geology session.
Professor Erdly said that by study
of aerial photographs and prepara-
tion of aerial maps, bomb targets can
be located and the type of bomb to
be used determined. "One well aimed
bomb is more effective than six or
seven dropped near the target," he
said.
Church Plans
OrganRecital
Lecture By Prof. Smith
Included On Program
Tomorrow's highlights in Ann Ar-
bor churches will include not only a
special organ recital by George
Faxon, organist of St. Andrew's Epis-
copal Church, but also a lecture by
Prof. T. V. Smith of the University
of Chicago in the Methodist Church
on "Discipline in Our Democracy."
Faxon's recital which is his first
of this semester will begin at 6 p.m.
in the church. Bach's "Prelude in E
minor" will lead off on the program
and will be followed by "Fantasia
and Fugue in' G minor" and "Sonata
No. 1." Faxon will also play Bruno
Weigl's "Out of the Depth" and two
choral variations of "Now The Day
Is Ended" and "O Jesus Christ, My
Light of Life" by Max Drishner.
Sponsored by the Henry Martin
Loud Lectureship, Professor Smith
will speak at 10:40 p.m. in the

W A R C L O U D S O V E R A U T O L O T-Cushions, woodwork and combustible material on
autos is burned at Norfolk, Va., junk yard as part of process of turning junked autos into war scrap.

ON BATAAN - Dean Sched-
ler, Associated Press reporter
with General MacArthur's forces
on Bataan Peninsula, Philip-
pines, is an Oklahoman.

0

RELEASED - Mrs. Ruth Stale3
Hunt, 39-year-old Highland Park ..
Ill., sportswoman, whose attempt s,..wa
to drive into Fort Sheridan Army SAGINAW GIVES CANNON IN SCRAP DRIVE -A souvenir of American victory in the first
Post resulted in the accidental World War, this cannon was scrapped by the City of Saginaw to help win the second World War.
wounding of a soldier, was re- The state defense council and the state salvage committee said the gun was sold by the city to a
leased from jail on $2,000 bail on junk dealer, cut up with torches and shipped to a steel mill producing war materials, all in three
a charge of driving while under days. J. H. Ramsey (left), chairman .of the Saginaw County Salvage Committee, and Kenneth M.
the influence of intoxicating Burns (right), of Detroit, state salvage committee chairman, watch a workman reduce the scrap
liquor. with a torch at Saginaw.

~ ~ .. -

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