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February 12, 1942 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-02-12

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Snow Flurries

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Editorial
Normandie Sabotage
Possibility Revealed.

"I

VOL. LII. No. 93 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Doomed

Singapore

Fights

Stubbornly

School Heads
Hurdle Legal
Barriers, O.K.
Three Terms
Examining Boards Agree
To Semester Changes
For Five Professional
Schools OfUniversity
No Law Conflicts,
SIs Lansing Verdict
Hurdling legal barriers that might
have made the three-term plan ille-
gal in the eyes of sundry State exam-
ining and registration boards, the
heads of Michigan's five professional
schools said last night that plans
were going ahead to turn out dentists,
doctors, nurses, pharmacists and
lawyers at increased speed to emel-
iorate war-time needs.
Codified laws stipulating that cer-
tain professional students must be
in study for four years of nine cal-
endar months each if they are to re-
ceive practicing certificates have been
brushed aside by compromising State
examiners' boards.
A ruling of the Attorney-General
at Lansing yesterday affirmed that
nothing in the law would prevent the
University from giving the regular
four-year pharmacy course in three
years, but stipulated that graduates
would be required to have an addi-
tional year of practical experience,
before becoming eligible for registra-
tion as a pharmacist.
Medical School
Michigan's medical school has been
regulated by a similar law since 188,
according to Dean A. C. Furstenberg.
But the State Board of Registration,
cooperating with the Army, has
"greed to recognize the internship of
one year as the fourth year, thus
meeting the requirements although
the actual medical course has been
pared down to three years. Actually
this means that it will take a stu-
dent four years to secure a practicing
certificate instead of five. Approxi-
mately 470 men are enrolled in the
medical school now and a full nor-
mal enrollment is expected for this
summer's "third-term."
As the School of Nursing has al-
ways operated on a 12-month basis
for three years, it will not be ma-
terially affected by the three-year-
term, Miss Rhoda F. Reddig, director
of the school, told the Daily last
night.
Legal Requirements
Legal requirements for the major-
ity of state bar examinations have
usually been set up in terms of three
years of work of approximately 30
weeks each year--or the equivalent.
"Under the accelerated program,
Dean Stason said, "we will be offering
the equivalent, and therefore our
graduates will have no trouble with
bar requirements in any state in the
Union."
For the last 20 years the law school
has operated under a system which
enabled a student to graduate after
the completion of two academic years
plus three summer terms. With a
regular semester of 15 weeks offered
in the summer, a student can now
graduate in two years of consecutive
study.
The summer sessions in all of the
professional schools will run con-
currently with the regular University
third semester, the dates of which
will probably be announced following
the Regents' meeting of Feb. 27.

Watkins Will Give
CDA Talk Sunday
On War Inflation
As imminent a menace as the fall of
Singapore, the rise of prices will be
analyzed Sunday in Rackham Lec-
ture Hall by Prof. Leonard L. Wat-
kins of the economics department in
his public lecture on "Inflation and
the War."
The Ann Arbor Chapter of the
Committee To Defend America will
sponsor Professor Watkins' talk,
fourth in its 1941-42 series. There
will be no admission charge.
Professor Watkins has gained his
University reputation in the field of
money and banking which he has
studied both in America and Eng-
land. In 1929 he studied the British

* * *

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Imperial Troops
BattleFuriously
Gallant British Forces Attempt Delaying
Action As Invaders Enter City Area;
Japs Ask 'Unconditional Surrender'
By WILLIAM SMITH WHITE'
(Associated Press War Editor)
SINGAPORE.-A smoking hulk of a mighty base, a broken symbol of
empire and the scene of a British defeat of terrible consequences-was as
good as gone last night and the lengthening enemy shadows were falling
closer to Java, the last major Allied position in the South Pacific above
Australia.
On Singapore Island the tragic drama was fast running out. Short
of air power, short of men, short of equipment, bankrupt of hope, the Bri-
tish Imperial line counter-attacked with pathetic gallantry that was serv-
ing only one limited purpose: to buy brief time against the fall of what had
been the very seat and home of Bri-I * * *

MOON

...

Sharp- Shooting
Spartans Trim
Varsity, 5'7-34
State's Dud Jones Breaks
Record With 25 Points;
CartmiRl HitsHoop First
By HAL WILSON
(Special to The Daily)
EAST LANSING, Feb. 11.-A wil-
lowy 160 pound sharp-shooter from
East Chicago, Ind., Dud Jones, shat-
tered the Michigan State scoring rec-
ord and Wolverine morale at Jeni-
son Field House as he paced the
Hoosier-saturated Spartan quintet to
a whirlwind 57-34 win over Michi-
gan's disorganized cage crew.
Punishing the meshes from all
angles, Jones looped in long shots,
hook shots, and fast break tip ins
for a total of 25 points, bettering the
Michigan's Varsity swimming
team chalked up their 33rd consec-
utive dual meet victory last night,
defeating the natators of Ohio
State, 48-36, and taking first place
in seven of the nine -scheduled
events. (See page 3 for story.)
former Spartan varsity mark of 22
set by George Falkowski in 1938,
Teaming with the sensational Jones
and setting him up to many of his
scores, were a pair of Spartans from
Indiana, Joe Gerard and Capt. Chet,
(Continued on Page 3)

With Britain's armed forces of
thousands of Imperials on the is-
land citadel of Singapore gallantly
battling overwhelming Japanese
might, Japan's pincer attack is in-
dicated on the above map. The
complete defeat of the bleeding Im-
perial garrison and the fall of the
123-year-old base seemed to be a
matter of days, at most, although
the men of Singapore, all but
swamped by the Japanese hordes
which swarmed over the island in
ever-growing strength, fought back
valiantly yesterday, even at times
on the counter-attack.
SDriveOpens
The Victory Book Campaign-a
drive to obtain reading material for
men in the country's armed forces-
opens on campus today and will con-
tinue until Sunday.
Collection boxes are placed in all
departmental libraries, in the dormi-
tories, the League, the Union, the
Engine Arch and other- strategic
points about campus. Any contribu-
tions will be accepted at these spots.
Students are asked to keep in mind
the primary purpose of the aim: to
furnish books for service men. The
need here is for novels, historical and
biographical works and technical
books.
A secondary aim of the movement
is to supplement the libraries in
crowded industrial centers. Child-
ren's books, text books and household
books are being sought for this pur-
pose.

Dutch Smash
Jap Air Fleet
Over Java Sea
East Knife Of Invasion
Scissors Slices Across
Southwest Of Celebes

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Standing Room Only, Students:
University's Physical Equipment
Is Termed Inadequate By Deans

BATAVIA, N. E. I., Feb. 11.-(')-
The eastern blade of the invasion
scissors which the Japanese are seek-
ing to close on Java swung across the
southwest peninsula of Celebes Island
today, but an air fleet trying to reach
the main Indies naval base of Soera-r
baja was broken up by Dutch fight-
ers over the Java Sea.
A Netherlands communique dis-
closed that the Japanese now have
invaded Balangnipa, on the Gulf of'
Bone on the east side of the Celebes
pendulum, as well as making a direct
attack on Macassar, on the west side
of the peninsula. Additional inva-
sion points in the same area are
Maros, north of Macassar, and Jene-
ponto.
The defenders of Macassar still
were holding out firmly today, but
no one knew how long they could
continue to resist.
All this is on the lower east shore
of the Strait of Macassar, which the
invader finally penetrated at great
cost. On the western or Borneo shore,
there was no news today from the
Japanese who are advancing on
Bandjermasin, although 200 evacu-
ees from that rubber port reached
Soerabaja today.
Japs Take Martaban,
Gateway To Rangoon
(By The Associated Press)
RANGOON, Burma, Feb. 11. -
Strong Japanese forces have crossed
the Salween River above Martaban
after apparently seizing that strate-
gic city protecting the approaches to
Rangoon, the British High Command
acknowledged tonight.
The Japanese also were attempt-
ing to cross farther upstream at the
east bank city of Paan, and a com-
munique said that "the situation,
although critical, is believed to be in
hand with our positions still intact."
Still farther north near the junc-
ture of the Thailand-Burma-Indo-
Chinese frontiers, the communique
said that Chinese troops going into
action for the first time repulsed an-
other invasion thrust. Thirty casu-
alties were inflicted and some am-
munition abandoned by the invaders.
Chinese Troops Fight
Jap Invader In Burma
CHUNGKING, China, Feb. 11.-(W)
-Chinese troops assigned to the de-
fense of Upper Burma-troops who
had marched a thousand miles afoot
to help hold that vital supply corri-
dor in the master Allied war plan-
were reported today to have clashed
for the first time with the invading
Japanese.
Major General Lancelot E. Den-
nys, head of the British Military Mis-
sion in China. annnneed that con-

tish power in the Pacific.
The Japanese claimed to have en-
tered "the city area of Singapore"--
the town itself-by 8 a.m. yesterday
Malayan time. But how near the
enemy's brown columns stood now to
this or that local objective was of no
consequence any longer; old Singa-
pore was in her last convulsion and
for her men there was capture or
death but no retreat.
The British Command announced
that the Japanese had dropped from
the air a note demanding uncondi-
tional surrender; to this, it was stat-
ed, "no reply has been made."
This same communique told of an
uninterrupted enemy advance and
continued bitter fighting.
The complete defeat of the bleed-
ing Imperial garrison and the fall of
the 123-year-old base seemed to be
a matter of days, at most, although
the men of Singapore, all but over-
whelmed by the Japanese hordes
which swarmed over the island in
ever-growing strength, fought back
valiantly today, even at times on the
counter-attack.
Informed Quarters
Informed quarters acknowledged
mere time-gaining diversions to cover
the removal of women and children
who were being taken away in small
British and Dutch vessels which dart-
ed in and out of the harbor under a
terrifying rain of Japanese bombs.
Axis radio claims were conflicting.
The Japanese stated that Japanese
troops had entered the "city area of
Singapore" at 8 a.m. local time today
(or 9 p.m. Tuesday EWT). Berlin
in relaying the announcement said
the Japanese troops "penetrated the
town of Singapore."
The mere fact that the British were
counter-attacking at all was regard-
ed as almost miraculous in view of
their deficiencies in virtually all arms.
Although the Army was loathe to
admit it, ground operations were be-
ing carried out with only feeble sup-
port from ancient RAF aircraft.
-- BULLETIN -
Washington, Feb. 11.--P)-The
State Dapartment announced to-
night that the United States had
sent a contingent of troops to Cur-
acao and Aruba off Dutch Guiana
to assist the Dutch armed forces in
the defense of those islands.

Correspondent
Flays British
Complacency
Cecil Brown's Broadcast
Of Singapore Disaster
Reveals Tragic Neglect
NEW YORK, Feb. 11.-P)-Cecil
Brown, radio correspondent who war
censored off the air by the British
authorities at Singapore as a detri-
ment to morale because of his charges
that the British were complacent,
was back on the air tonight for the
first time since then and, through
the Australian censorship at Sydney,
broadcast his charges in detail.
"The tragic story of Singapore,"
said Brown of the CBS, "is not all one
of Japanese numerical superiority,
fanatical courage and brilliant mili-
tary scheming. The Japanese are at
Singapore also because of what the
British failed to foresee, prepare for
and meet at the crucial moment."
Before Dec. 7.the British thought
a Japanese attack was unbelievable,
said Brown, adding they neglected to
train their soldiers for jungle fight-
ing, were unable to distinguish be-
tween Chinese and Japanese and per-
mitted establishment of what he call-
ed an amazing fifth column organiza-
tion in Malaya.
After the Japanese attack, Brown
continued, the British failed to carry
out the "scorched earth" policy de-
spite assertions to the contrary, and
the created "considerable difficulties"
with the natives in Malaya by favor-
ing Europeans in the evacuation of
the island of Penang.
Brown, declaring that "at no point
are the Japanese being held by the
Allied forces," predicted the fall of
Singapore City in from 24 to 72'
hours, said Dutch Sumatra may be
taken.
Get in on the ground floor of the
Publications Building by trying
out for the Michiganensian Edi-
torial Staff tomorrow at 4:15.

AP Records
Singapore s
FinalAgony
British Try Vainly To Halt
Jap Onslaught 'In Land
Of Living And Dying
RAF Airbirds Use
ObsoleteBiplanes
(Editor's Note: This is the last
dispatch from the last American
newspaper correspondent to leave
the battle gloom of Singapore. It
is from C. Yates McDaniel, mild-
mannered China-born war corre-
spondent of the Associated Press.
It is reproduced here precisely as it
was received-McDaniel will write
no new lead, to use his own words,
"for many days.")
By C. YATES McDANIEL
SINGAPORE, 10:30 a.m. Wednes-
day, (11:30 p.m. EWT Tuesday)-(RP)
-The Sky over Singapore is ^black
with the smoke of a dozen huge fires
this morning as I write my last mes-
sage from this once beautiful, pros-
perous and peaceful city.
The roar and crash of cannonade
and the bursting bombs which are
shaking my typewriter and my hands,
which are wet with nervous perspir-
ation, tell me without the need of
an official communique that the war
which started nine weeks ago, 400
miles away, is today in the outskirts
of this shaken bastion of empire.
I am sure there is a bright tropic
sun shining somewhere overhead, but
in my mny-windowed room it is too
dark to work without electric lights.
'Murderous ives'
Over the low rise where the battle
is raging I can see relay after relay
of Japanese planes circling, then go-
ng into murderous dives upon our
soldiers, who are fighting back in a
hell over which there is no protecting
screen of fighter planes.
But the Japanese are not com-
pletely alone in the skies this, morn-
ing! I just saw two "wildbeasts"-
obsolete biplanes with an operating
speed of about 100 miles an hour-
fly low over the Japanese positions
and unload their bomb burdens with
a resounding crash.
It makes me rather ashamed of
myself, sitting here with my heart
beating faster and faster than their
old motors, when I think what chance
those lads have of getting back in
their antiquated machines. If ever
brave men earned undying glory,
those RAF piots have on this tragic
morning.
There are many other brave men
in Singapore today. Not far away are
anti-aircraft batteries in open spaces
-they must be, to have a clear field
of fire.
I Had To Duck'
.. Pardon the break in continu-
ity, but a packet of bombs just landed
so close that I had to duck behind a
wall which I hoped would-dnd it
did-screen the blast...
But those gun crews keep oi fight-
ing, their guns peppering the smoke-
limited ceiling every time the Japa-
nese planes come near, and that is
almost constantly.
The all clear has just sounded-
what a joke! For from the window
I can see three Japanese planes
hedge-hopping, not a mile away.
A few minutes ago I heard one of
rhe most tragic two-way telephone
conversations. Eric Davis, director
of the Malayan Broadcasting Corpor-
ation, urged the governor, Sir Shen-
ton Thomas, to give permission to
destroy an outlying broadcasting sta-
tion. The Governor demurred, say-

.ng the situation was not too bad,
and refused to direct the order. Davis
telephoned the station in question,
instructing them to keep on the air
but to stand by for urgent orders. We
tuned in on the wave length of the
station in question. In the middle
of the broadcast in Malay, urging
the people of Singapore to stand firm,
the station went dead.
'Land Of Living, Dying'
Definitely last:-
I am leaving now in a car which I
swear I will put into forward gear
and lead straight into the Strait of
Malacca. I left one car for the Japa-
nese in Nanking in 1937, but never
again.
Don't expect to hear from me for
many days, but please inform Mrs.
McDaniel, Hotel Preanger, Bando-
eng. Java, that I have left this land

By MORTON MINTZ
Complete and well-equipped as it
appears, the University's physical
equipment wrings a tale of woe from
its administrators.
President Ruthven's assertion that
certain quarters of the University are
a "disgrace to both the school and
the state" was figuratively chorused
by one college and department after
another in the recent President's re-
port to the Board of Regents.
Conditions in the various schools
were commented upon by the Deans
as follows:
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts-"Very congested conditions
prevail in the chemistry and phar-
macy building. As soon as is warrant-
ed, appropriations should be asked
not only for an addition to this build-
ing, but for physical expansion of the
Departments of Astronomy, Psychol-
ogy, Speech and Zoology."
College of Engineering-"The ratio
of students to faculty members is
much higher than it should be if
teaching is to be maintained at a
proper level and some time made
available for research work. In chem-

attention to its "distressing lack of
laboratory space."
The geodesy and surveying branch
said that surveying equipment has
deteriorated to such an extent that a
number of pieces should be replaced
within the next few years.
Citing its insufficient laboratory
space, the metal processing depart-
ment pointed out that in the welding
area particularly the equipment is in-
sufficient and so crowded that there
is a "very' considerable accident haz-
ard."
Medical School - Investigation on
the microbiology of syphilis has gone
forward slowly, due largely to inade-
quate space and unsatisfactory facili-
ties for laboratory work and animals.
Certain improvements in the De-
partment of Pediatrics and Commun-
icable Diseases were termed "urgently
needed so that workers in the group
may find themselves in surroundings
conducive to optimal effort. Particu-
larly needed are improvements in the
physical equipment in those wards
used for the care of patients with
communicable diseases." The surgery
department said its laboratory space
and facilities for laboratory work are
now "entirely inadequate."

A Cultural War Baby:
Internationally-Famed Polish
Ballet Will Be Presented Here

By DAN BEHRMAN
The Polish Ballet, continuing the
cultural tradition of its Nazi-over-
run parent country, will be seen here
at 8:15 p.m. Monday in Hill Audi-
torium under the auspices of the
University Polonia Society.
Directed by Felix Sadowski, former
ba letmaster of Warsaw Grand
Opera, the Ballet will dazzle Ann Ar-
bor witha program featuring Polish
and Hungarian folk tales handed
down from the Middle Ages.
Tickets for this presentation are
one sale at the League, the Union
and campus. book stores and will be
offered Friday, Saturday and Mon-
day in Hill Auditorium. The Bal-
let's appearance here is part of an
American tour which has yielded suc-
cessful engagements in New York,
Cleveland, Chicago, Philadelphia and
other cities.
In addition to the ballet com-
pany, formed by Sadowski after its
mpmhpr chad han 'ar-stranded it

World's Fair Ballet. The outbreak
of war cut off all governmental sup-
port for his troupe, but also was
responsible for the present independ-
ent organization.
Although the Ballet's program
stresses the works of such great Poles
as Chopin and Paderewski, prima-
ballerina Janina Frost is as Ameri-
can as Main Street. She studied in
the United States previous to her
European training in the famous
Polish Ballet school.
Among the presentations sched-
uled for Monday's performance will
be "Chopiniana," composed of seven
of the great master's compositions
with choreography by Sadowski. The
folk spirit of Hungary will also be
seen in Brahms' "Gypsy Camp" third
offering of the evening.
After a rendition of "Tatra Moun-
taineer, Paderewski's light tale of the
Polish Carpathians, the Ballet will
nresent "TTnr1 Maie.k TTmarl (Mat-

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