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March 10, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-03-10

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Weather
Rising Temperature-
Few Snow Flurries

Y

it qan

4 mitj

Editorial
Paris Raid Ends
Appeasement Era . .

I I

VOL. LIL No. 114 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 10, 1942 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

King

Takes Over Full

Command

Of Fleet

Soviet Thrust
May Eneirele
Nazi Soldiers
Red Capture Of Sychevka
Perils German Forces
Northwest Of Moscow
Russians Attacking
Before Leningrad
LONDON, March 9. - (P) - The
Russian capture of Sychevka in a
deep wedge between Rzhev and Vy-
azma was belieyed tonight to have
virtually completed a second huge-
scale encirclement of German forces
on the front northwest of Moscow.
The new thrust 125 miles due west
of Moscow apparently hemmed in,
but for a narrow bottleneck to the
southwest, the German forward posi-
tion at Rzhev.
In addition it added to the peril
of the Nazi hold on Vyazma and pos-
sibly cleared the way for the setting
of a third trap there.
Rzhev Position Imperiled
Observers here regarded the Ger-
man position at Rzhev, on the upper
Volga, as in greatest peril. Rzhev
had been flanked to the north and
partly cut off to the west earlier by
the Red Army's advance past the.
Valdai Hills.
Broadcasts from Axis sources said
strong units of the Nazi air force
had been thrown into the fight in an
attempt to save the 16th German
Army, caught in a tightening trap in
the Staraya Russa area farther north.
Despite the blows by the German
bombers, the Russians were said to
be attacking the fortified siege lines
east and south of Leningrad with
increasing power and massing for a
cleanup at Staraya Russa.
Renforcements In North
Qualified London sources said the
Russian had moved substantial re-
inforcements into the area southwest
of Lake Ilmen and had massed a
strong army farther south behind the
frozen Kholm Marshes.
Thus, these sources said, Premier
Stalin's forces were in position to
smash telling blows at any German
attempt to save the trapped 16th
Army by a power drive from the
Baltic States.
The Russian communique said
2,500 German soldiers had been
wiped out in three days of fierce
fighting around Leningrad.
Huge Blizzard
Sweeps State;
RoadsClosed
(By The Associated - Press)
The worst blizzard of the winter
swept across Michigan yesterday,
carrying with it death, floods, and
heavy property damage, and isolating
nearly a score of communities.
Communications were disrupted in
many places. Petoskey was without
light or power for five hours. High-
ways were clogged and in some in-
stances snow plows were forced to
discontinue operations.
In Detroit, temperatures fell from
51 to 27 degrees in a five-hour period
and the wind increased to a velocity
of more than 40 miles an hour.
The sections hardest hit, however,
appeared to be the Saginaw Valley
and the thumb district in the Lower
Peninsula and practically all of up-
per Michigan.
By mid-afternoon yesterday 17
communities in this area were with-

out telephone communication. They
were Vassar, St. Charles, Bayport,
Sebewaing, Mayville, Chesaning, New
Lothrop, Au Gres, Cass City, Munger,
Montrose, Unionville, Fairgrove, Ak-
ron, Millington, Caro, and Gagetown,
Schools were closed in many areas.
At Quincy, temporary sleeping quar-
ters were set up in the high school
gymnasium for rural students unable
to return to their homes.
*Sadie' Silverware
Catches Criminal

Vichy Gives Warships
To Nazis, Russia Says
LONDON, March 9,-(/P)-The Russian news agency Tass reported
from Cairo tonight that about 40 French warships still building at the
time of the French armistice of June, 1940, have been handed over by
the Vichy Government to Germany.
Among them, said the account from Tass' Cairo correspondent, was
the battleship Clemenceau, which was at Brest, and an 8,000-ton cruiser.
"Many" submarines also have been transferred to the Germans, it
reported.
"An agreement between Vichy and the Germans for gradual trans-
fer of a large part of the French Navy to the Germans was reached a
long time ago," it said.
The Clemenceau was begun at Brest on Jan. 17, 1939. Its hull,
according to Jane's Authoritative Fighting Ships, was understood to have
been wrecked by high-explosive charges before the evacuation of Brest
Turn to Page 2, Col. 3
ColonelMiller{ Predicts Victory
For United Nations Next Year

Military
Will

Expert Declares
Be Next Move Of.

Attack On Eastern Siberia
Japanese Armed Forces

By MORTON MINTZ
Startling predictions-designed to
explode "unfounded pessimism" about
the war and clarify United Nations'
strategy-were made yesterday by
Col. Henry W. Miller, author of sev-
eral books on military subjects and
chairman of the mechanism and en-
gineering drawing department.
Colonel Miller predicted:
* 1. The United Nations will win
the war by the end of summer, 1943.
" 2. The Japanese will concentrate
neither on Australia nor on India,
but will instead strike at Eastern
Siberia,
These predictions, made despite
present apparently contradictory cir-
Bomber'Plan
Gets Approval
Of' Committee
Collection Of $100,000
For Plane - Scholarship
Will Be Launched Soon
The Committee on Student Affairs
-headed by Dean of Students Joseph
A. Bursley-joined a campus chorus
of approval yesterday when it unani-
mously voted to pass, the projected
Bomber-Scholarship plan for Uni-
versity social mobilization.
Mimeographing of the plan and its
distribution to some 150 campus or-
ganizations will be undertaken this
week, according to Art Rude, '42,
chairman of the Bomber-Scholarship
Committee.
The proposed drive for $100,000 in
defense bonds, price of a bomber now
and source of future scholarships to
returning student World War II vet-
erans, will be launched within the
next two weeks, Rude declared.
Although actual procedure ma-
chinery has not yet been set in mo-
tion, contributions to the Bomber-
Scholarship fund from last week-
end's social functions will be accepted
at the Dean of Students Office in
Room 2 University Hall, it was, an-
nounced.
Suggested procedures will be sent
out along with copies of the plan to
every campus organization holding
"social functions." Such groups in-'
elude fraternities, sororities, dormi-
tories, cooperative houses, the League,
the Union, and athletic organiza-
tions.
Eight Are Chosen
For Semi-Finas
Of Speech Contest
From a group of 21 contestants,
eight speakers cane out victorious in
the intra-school meet of the national
Pan-American extempore-discussion
contest held yesterday in Room 4203
Angell Hall.
Not all of these winners were rep-
resentatives of speech classes, but
came from many sections of the Uni-
versity. They were Albert Cohen, '44,
Herman C. Hudson, '44; Tom John-

cumstances, were emphasized by fur-
ther declarations:
0 3. America, regardless of the con-
victions of selective service admin-
istrators, needs an expeditionary army
of not more than 500,000 fully-equip-
ped and supplied top-notch soldiers
to insure Axis defeat on all fronts by
fall, 1943.
0 4. The Russians will stop the
German spring offensive.
A "grand strategy," with the Unit-
ed Nations centering their attack on
four main fronts, was outlined by
Colonel Miller, who served as Lieut.-
Col. of ordnance in charge of a heavy
artillery section during the World
War.
He stressed repeatedly that this is
a "war of equipment, not of men, and
that history, demonstrates- beyond-
doubt that building a stockade and
retiring behind it means defeat."
The strategy embodies these plans :
* In the South Atlantic, the Unit-
ed States must take over North Afri-
ca, "clean out Dakar" and relieve the
British for efficient defense of Suez
and movement of men and supplies
to Turkey, if necessary.
* In the North Atlantic. Green-
land must be used in the same way
as North Ireland. Eventually a joint
invasion of Norway must be under-
taken, facilitating the bombing of
Germany.
0 In the North Pacific, Japan
must be bombed day-in, day-out for
a longer period and more thoroughly
than Britain ever was.
0 In the South Pacific, the Dutch
East Indies, the Philippines and
Japan's other conquests must be re-
gained.
Supporting his belief that the war
will end in 1943, Col. Miller main-
tained that "at the rate which ma-
Turn to Page 6, Col. 1
Keller To Give
Lecture Today
Will Speak On Europe's
ReligionIn SRA Talk
Dr. Adolph Keller will deliver the
third lecture in the series sponsored
by the Student Religious Association
at 8:15 p.m. today in the Rackham
Amphitheatre.
Dr. Keller will speak on "The Pres-
ent Religious Crisis in Europe." A
noted European Protestant leader,
Dr. Keller has studied at the Univer-
sities of Basel, Geneva and Berlin.
He taught for three years at the
International School in Cairo and
acted as associate pastor for the in-
ternational parish in that city.
Now Honorary Lecturer for the
Universal Christian Council, Dr. Kel-
ler was elected secretary of the Swiss
Church Federation when it was
founded in 1920.

Knox Says
Six Enemy
Vessels Hit
Admiral Stark Replaced,
Given New Post; Move
Believed 'Streamlining'
Toll Of Jap Naval
craft Reaches 138
WASHINGTON, March 9. - () -
Secretary Knox announced today
that Admiral Erest J. King, Com-
mander in Chief of the United States
Fleet, would absorb the duties of
Chief of Naval Operations, heretofore
exercised by Admiral Harold R.
Stark, and that Stark would take a
new post, Commander of U. S. Naval
forces operating in European waters.
The shakeup in the Navy High
Command was the first since Admiral
King became Commander-in-Chief
of the United States Fleets Dec. 20.
Control Streamlined
It was described authoritatively as
a streamlining of control of the Navy
with King having absolute direction
under President Roosevelt and Sec-
retary Knox.
From the time King became a Fleet
Commander until the present time,
he had shared with Stark authority
for naval operations, immediate di-
rection of the fleet being in King's
hands and Stark having control of
long-range planning and supply mat-
ters. -
The Navy announcement of the
change said:
"Admiral Harold R. Stark, Chief
of Naval Operations since August 2,
1939, has been relieved of that post
to be 'designated Cofimander, U~S.
Naval forces operating in European
waters, Secretary of the Navy Frank
Knox announced today.
Duties Consolidated
"Admiral Ernest J. King, Con-
mander in Chief, United States Fleet,
will absorb the duties of Chief of
Naval Operations, thus consolidating
the two duties under one officer.
"Admiral Stark will go to London
as relief of Vice Admiral Robert L.
Ghormley, who is at present senior
U. S. Naval officer in Great Britain.
"Admiral Ghormley will go to sea
after a period of temporary duty in
Washington."
Subu Attacks Cripple
Six Jap War Vessels
WASHINGTON, March 9. - 1) --
United States submarines steadily
slashing away at Japan's long supply
line in the Western Pacific have sunk
a large destroyer and naval tanker,
and put an aircraft carrier and three
cruisers out of action with torpedo
hits, the Navy reported today.
This bag of enemy warships re-
sulted from actions during the week
ending March 6, and made up prob-
ably the most succesful seven-day
period for American undersea craft
since the war in the Pacific began
three months ago.
Naval authorities here noted es-
pecially that every ship sunk or dam-
aged except one was a warship. The
general area of the sinkings was not
given, but these authorities specu-
lated that it probably was in the
vicinity of Java, where the enemy
last week had concentrated his forces
for the attack on that Netherlands
islands.
They also said that this rate of
loss for the Japanese was extremely
high in view of their constantly in-
creasing problem of protecting their

supply lines which now extend 3,000
miles from Yokohama to Batavia.
The succesful attacks against these
six raised to 138 the total of Japanese
vessels of all types sunk to date by
American armed forces in the Pacific.

Roosevelt Urges Nation,
To Act Against Inflation,
President Stresses Need For Cooperating In Fight
AgainstPrice Rise Harmful To War Effort

WASHINGTON, March 9. - /P) -
President Roosevelt told the nation
tonight that a fight against inflation
was as vital as the fighting on the
war fronts and that it "calls for co-
operation and restraint on the part
of every group."
"It calls," Mr. Roosevelt said in an
address prepared for radio broadcast
in connection with the ninth anni-
versary of the national farm pro-
gram, for "mutual good will and a
willingness to believe in the other
fellow's good faith. It calls for un-
flagging vigilance and effective ac-
tion by the government to prevent
profiteering and unfair returns, alke
for services and for goods."
The President made no direct ref-
erence to demands by the Congres-
Health Service
Plans System
For Air Raids
First Aid, Hospitalization
Will Be Made Available
To Students, Civilians
By GEORGE W. SALLADE
Plans for immediate first aid and
hospitalizationin case of an Axis
bombing attack on the Ann Arbor
area are being made by the Univer-
sity Health Service.
During any emergency the Health
Service, under the present arrange-
ments, will serve as an auxiliary hos-
pital to the entire city. Its facilities
will lbe a1'ai1abk not only to students
but to all civilians in the event of
an air raid.
Other aspects of the emergency
program call for two mobile first aid
units. Each unit will include six per-
sons: twocdoctors, two nurses and two
orderlies. The equipment for emer-
gency first aid will also be provided.
Cases that cannot receive adequate
treatment from the mobile units will
be brought to a casualty station man-
ned by members of the Health Serv-
ice Staff at the Health Service Build-
ing. This station will give more ade-
quate treatment and make the final
disposition of cases.
Persons seriously injured will be
hospitalized in the Health Service In-
firmary which will be able to handle
as many as 60. Emergency food sup-
plies will be distributed by the Health
Service to rescue and first aid work-
ers.
The Health Service program is a
part of the general University air
raid precautions. These precautions
are under the over-all supervision of
a sub-committee of the University
War Board, the Plant and Personnel
Protection Committee.
Aid Arouses Hopes
Of Blind Scholar
Herman C. Hudson, '44, is a hap-
pier and more optimistic student to-
day.
The nealy-blind scholar who only
three days ago thought he might have
to leave school in June has received
many offers of help from persons
who read of his plight in Saturday's
Daily.
The Abe Lincoln cooperative house
offered Herman room and board free
of charge if his present funds ex-
pired. Numerous persons have of-
fered to read aloud to Herman for
a total of approximately 30 hours per
week-more than he had dreamed he
would get of this, his only form of
study. And Herman hopes a Univer-
sity tuition and textbook scholarship
is in the offing.

sional farm bloc that government-
held crop surpluses not be disposed
of at less than parity prices. But he
declared firmly that "if all prices
keep on going up, we shall have in-
flation of a very dangerous kind-
we shall have such a steep rise in
prices and the cost of living that the
entire nation will be hurt."
"That," he added, "would greatly
increase the cost of the war and the
national debt, hamper the drive for
victory, and inevitably plunge every-
one-city workers and farmers alike
-into ruinous deflation later on."
Mr. Roosevelt referred to "a con-
siderable amount of discussion lately
about the alleged complacency of the
American people" but said that he
was certain "that the American peo-
ple are not now, and have not been,
complacent."
"Americans are preparing with all
possible speed to take their places on
the battle fronts," he declared.
"Workers in the mills and mines are
laboring long hours, under great
pressure, to turn out the weapons and
equipment without which the war
cannot be won. Men and women in'
thousands of communities are giving
their time and energy in the work of
civilian defense. And out in the
country, farmers are straining every
effort to produce the food which, like
the tanks and planes, is absolutely in-
dispensable to victory."
Mr. Roosevelt observed that the
members of these groups know the
extent of their own work but do not
always know what the others are do-
ing and that situation "gives an op-
portunity to the eneny to spread
malicious words."
400 Educators
rWill Assemble
'ForAcademy
Coming from the laboratories, re-
search rooms and libraries of Michi-
gan's schools and colleges, more than
400 educators will assemble in Ann
Arbor Friday and Saturday to share
with fellow scholars and with the
public the results of their years of
study.
At this, the 47th annual meeting
of the Michigan Academy of Science,
Arts and Letters,over 300 papers will
be read reporting the development
of research and investigations in 17
scientific and academic fields.
General addresses are to be de-
livered by Dr. A. F. Blakeslee of the
Carnegie Institution and by Dr. I. D.
Scott of the geology department and
president of the Academy.
Dr. Blakeslee is scheduled to speak
on the "Control of Evolution and Life
Processes in Plants" at 4:15 p.m. Fri-
day in the Natural Science Auditor-
ium. The Presidential Address, to be
delivered by Dr. Scott at 8:00 p.m.
Friday in the Amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building, will deal with
"The Coastal Dunes of Michigan and
Correlated Problems."
The 17 sections of the Academy,
which will hold meetings all day Fri-
day and Saturday, include anthro-
pology, botany, economics, fine arts,
folklore, forestry, geography and ge-
ology and minerology.
Others are history and political sci-
ence, landscape architecture, lan-
guage and literature, mathematics,
philosophy, psychology, sanitary and
medical science, sociology and zool-
ogy.
Marines To Interview
All Applicants Today
Having lost a day because of an
automobile break-down, the recruit-
ing party for the Marine Corps Can-
didates Class for Commission will
really be at North Hall starting to-
day.

Members of all classes are re-
minded that there is an increased
quota available and that those who
missed interviews on the Liaison Of-
ficer's first visit may still be ac-
cepted. Those accepted will be en-
listed in the Marine Corps Reserve

Rangoon Falls
To Jap Drive;
Patrols Clash
Over Highway
Last Great Dutch Positio
On Java Lost; 98,000
United Nations Troops
Surrender,_Tokyo Says
Australia Prepares
SecurityProgram
MANDALAY, March 9. (9:20 p.m.,
Burma Time-10:50 a.m. Eastern
War Time).-(/P)-The British Arm
has evacuated Rangoon, it was an'
nounced here tonight.
The Japanese had by-passed Pegu
in their haste to occupy the strate-
gic supply port of the road to China.
Presumably they drove on Rangoon
both from the north and the east.
Reports reaching here tonight said
that Japanese patrols also had been
encpuntered near Tharrawaddy, about
70 miles north of Rangoon on the
road to Prome-the only main high-
way left to the United Nations in
Burma.
The' British reported they had
mopped up this patrol, but new infil-
trations were expected.
Public utilities at Bassein, about
90 miles west of Rangoon on the Ir-
rawaddy River Delta, have already
been destroyed, it was understood
here. This indicated the British were
conceding the loss of all southern
Burma.
Handicapped since the start of the
campaign by insufficient troops and
equipment and lacking air power for
a counter-offensivp, the British Com-
mand's defense of Rangoon and the
rest of southern Burma has been a
series of withdrawals in the face of
heavy odds.
The arrival of a British armored
force served to prolong the battle
near the defensively vital Sittang
River, but here the enemy succeeded
in establishing a bridgehead near the
river's mouth after 10 days of severe
fighting and eventually brought anti-
tank guns to meet the British tank
sorties.
Allied Troops Surrender
At Ilandoeng, Japs Say
(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, March 9.-The last great
Dutch position on Java, BandoenR
on the high plateau, has fallen and
the Japanese enemy, now having
overrun substantially all the island,
appeared tonight to be stamping out
the last bright, gallant sparks of
Dutch resistance.
The Imperial Japanese headquart-
ers officially claimed that the main
Allied bodies-93,000 Dutch and 5,000
British and American troops-had
surrendered unconditionally about
Bandoeng and Soerabaja, the latter
the great naval base in the eastern
island.
Of this, there was no confirmation
here, but there could be no certain
disproof of it for again there was
only silence from the far, tortured
battleground of Java.
Still, based on their prior informa-
tion of the defenders' plans and on
their firm belief that only death
could make the capitulation, Nether-
land authorities here rejected the idea
of any such total surrender and ex-
pressed the conviction that Dutch-
men still were fighting whenever
and wherever a single company could

make a useful stand.
The Netherlands exile government
in London issued a categoric state-
ment that any arrangements toward
cessation of hostilities with Japan
were "out of the question."
Australia Prepares
Scorched Earth Plans
MELBOURNE, Tuesday, March 10.
-/P)-Spurred by the big-scale Jap-
anese invasion of New Guinea, the
Australian government today took
over broad powers to put private and
public property to the torch, kill live-
stock and remove civilians from any
threatened area of this continental
commonwealth.
The scorched-earth policy embodied

Demands On System Of Conrhittees:
Student Government Faces Wartime Crisis

i

By DAN BEHRMAN
Student government at the Univer-
sity of Michigan, from committees to

large through active, constructive
policies, there was little recognition
of any group as having the power to

fairs have not been conspicuous by
their absence.
But the growing trend of Univer-

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