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February 11, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-02-11

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Editorial

Complacency Is
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VOL. LIT. No. 92 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1942 Z-323
Dh
DesperateSingapore Defenders igl

PRICE FIVE CENTS
It n

Japs Tighten
Java Pincers
In New Move
On Dutch Isle'
Troops Land In Celebes
Near Macassar; Close1
On Soerabaja Sea Base
Strategic Burmese
City May Be Lost
BATAVIA, N. E. I., Feb. 10.-(P)-
Japanese troops have begun landing
in southwestern Celebes near Ma- c
cassar, key port lying 500 bomber
miles from Soerabaja, main Allied)
naval base, in a steady pincers move-
ment against the United Nation's
Java stronghold, it was announced
officially tonight.
To the west across Macassar Strait,,
Japanese troops on Borneo Island
were striking overland from Balik-,
papan toward Bandermasin, a port
only 300 miles above Soerabaja, and
from Pontianak, a base only 440 miles
north of Batavia, this Dutch East
Indies capital.1
Dutch troops on Celebes strongly
engaged the invaders near Macassar
while destroying installations in the'
Celebes capital in pursuance of the
"scorched earth" policy.
But grave concern for the safety of
Macassar was expressed by officials
who pointed out that its capture
would provide the Japanese with an-'
other base, either to attack Soera-
baja and the nearer island of Bali,
or the Borneo port of Bandjermasin.
,JDutch communications with Band-
jermasin were broken off yesterday.
(A French report broadcast from
Algiers said a Japanese fleet had
been observed off Bandermasin, ap-
parently preparing to put troops
ashore there).
The landings near Macassar, ap-
parently in considerable force, rep-
resented a successful Japanese push
down Macassar Strait from Balik-
papan, on the Borneo side, after
American and Dutch forces had in-
flicted costly casulaties on the in-
vaders in the same waters last month.
Strategic Burma
City May Be Lost
RANGOON, Burma, Feb. 10.-(P)
-British troops smashed tonight at
a small enemy force north of Mart-
aban, and their commanders declined
comment on an enemy claim that the
city itself had fallen.
Martaban, on the west bank of the
treacherous Salween River where the
defenders have stood firm for ten
days, is of strategic importance. Its
capture would mean that the Japa-
nese had thrown a bridgehead across
the Salween and had a relatively
clear path ahead to the great port of
Rangoon, less than 100 miles away.
Coastal roads and a railway skirt
the tideswept Gulf of Martaban to
Rangoon, the much-bombed port of
the vital Burma Road.
Japanese bombers kept clear of
Rangoon today, well aware of the
fierce sting of American and British
fliers who have made the approaches
to the port a graveyard for Tokyo's
planes.
Union To Hold

'45 SmokerI

Dental Students
Badly Needed,
Claims Bunting
Dean Says Draft Boards
Should Defer All Now
In DentalTraining
Asserting that the annual total
number of graduates from the na-
tion's dental schools has been "barely
large enough to compensate for the
loss of practicioners through death
and retirement," Dean Russell W.
Bunting of the dental school spoke
out yesterday against draft boards
which question the advisability of de-
fering students enrolled for dental
training.
Acknowledging that the Dental Re-
serve Corps of the Army at the be-
ginning of the war was proportionally
large in number, he nevertheless de-
clared that if the present Army is to
be doubled, as announced, 7,000 to
8,000 dentists will be required, while
only a scant 1,500 to 1,700 are grad-
uated annually.
DeannBunting emphasized that
"tooth decay needs attention in war
as in peace," and questioned the wis-
dom of drafting dental students
when, "in the near future, the de-
mands of the armed forces will in-
volve a serious impairmefit of civilian
dental service and will take every
new graduate who is fitted for mili-
tary duty.
"Every effort is being made to in-
crease the number of graduates,"
Dean Bunting stressed, but the de-
mand is increasing with extreme
speed. He pointed out that nearly
180,000 men were refused in the first
draft because of dental defects and
said we may expect that "there is
a very large number of the 1,400,000
admitted who will need some dental
service while in the Army."
Defense Group
Seeks Student
Blood Donors
Survey Indicates Campus
Willing; Drive Opens
Today At Union, League
Attempting to fulfill the Univer-
sity's quota of 145 quarts of blood for
the Red Cross blood bank, the Stu-
dent Defense Committee of 1942 will
open its donation drive at 1 p.m. to-
day and will continue through Fri-
day.
Over one-half of the male students
indicated in the defense survey their
willingness to donate blood, said
Alan Brandt, '44, in charge of the
drive, and will now have the oppor-
tunity to do so. Brandt described the
drive as an excellent "opportunity
for the campus to participate actively
in the war effort."
Dr. Warren E. Forsythe, director
of the Health Service, assures pros-
pective donors that donating blood
involves no pain and only slight in-
convenience.
Appointments for donations may
be made from 1 to 5 p.m. today in
the Union or the League and the
actual donations will be taken Feb.
17 and 19 in the Women's Athletic
Building under the direction of
trained physicians.
Students between the ages of 18
and 21 will be required to secure
written parental permission before
they will be allowed to donate blood.
Since this provision will delay con-
tributions somewhat, persons over 21

are urged to volunteer their services
immediately.
Students -desiring more informa-
tion concerning the drive are asked to
call Alan Brandt at the Student
Offices of the Union.
Westlund Topic To Be
Home Front Psychology
Dr. Norman D. Westlund will speak
on "The Psychological Factors in
the Home Front" at 8 p.m. today in
the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The lecture by Dr. Westlund, who
is consulting psychiatrist to the Fam-
ily and Children's Service Bureau,
will highlight the first meeting of
this newly formed organization. The
meeting marks the first anniversary
of the merger of two social organi-

May Festival
Will Feature
Eleven Stars
Traubel, Hellwig, Glenn,
Brickner, Knight Head
Concert Newcomer List
Anderson, Peerce
Will Also Return
Five new faces will appear among
the galaxy of musical celebrities par-
ticipating in the 49th annual May
Festival, May 6, 7, 8, and 9 in Hill
Auditorium.
Sponsored by the University Musi-
c&d Society, the Festival will this year
present eleven outstanding stars. New
to Ann Arbor audiences are Helen
Traubel, American opera star, Judith
Hellwig, Czechoslovakian soprano;
Felix Knight, American tenor;Rabbi
Barnett R. Brickner, narrator, and
Carroll Glenn, sensational young vi-
olinist.
Old Favorites
Old favorites returning to Ann
Arbor are Sergie Rachmaninoff, pi-
anist and composer; Jan Peerce, Me-
tropolitan Opera star; Mack Harrell,
baritone; Enid Szantho, contralto;
Marian Anderson,% distinguished Ne-
gro contralto, and Emanuel Feuer-
mann, violincellist. : The Philadel-
phia Symphony Orchestra under Eu-
gene Ormandy and his associate Saul
Gaston will also again be heard.
The opening concert of the Festi-
val series on Wednesday, May 6, will
be given by Miss Anderson. This will
be her fourth appearance in the May
Festival. Her program will include
arias, songs and Negro spirituals.
The concerts Thursday night, ri-
day afternoon and Saturday after-
noon will bring three instrumental-
ists to the fore. Feuermann, who
played in the Choral Union series
earlier this year, will be heard in
Haydn's Violincello Concerto on
Thursday. Miss Glenn, whose rapid
rise to fame has attracted attention
from coast to coast, will be the feat-
ure attraction Friday afternoon.
Recital Veteran
Veteran of numerous piano recitals
in the Choral Union Series. Rach-
maninoff will play with an orchestra
for the first time in Ann Arbor on
Saturday afternoon. The entire pro-
gram will be led by the Philadelphia
Symphony Orchestra's conductor.
Rabbi Brickner will portray the
role of King David in Honegger's
"King David" which will be present-
ed by the Choral Union Thursday
night. The Youth Festival Chorus
will sing Fletcher's "Walrus and the
Carpenter" Friday afternoon.
The closing concert on Saturday
night will see the Choral Union and
soloists, Miss Hellwig, Miss Szantho,
Peerce and Harrell in a performance
of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony.

Cagers Meet
Spartan Five
In Tilt Today
State Is Favored To Turn
Tables On Wolverines
Because Of Record
Swimmers Battle
Buckeyes Today
By BOB SHOPOFF
Michigan's basketball squad re-
sumes its schedule tonight after a
10-day layoff as it invades Jenison
Field House in East Lansing to meet
the Spartans of Michigan State.
The game will be the second meet-
ing of the two teams this season. State
is out to even the count tonight
since the Wolverines won the first
tilt, 37-20, in Ann Arbor. Since then
the comparative records show that
Michigan has won four out of 13
contests while the Spartans have
come out on top 12 times while drop-
ping only five games.
Looking at these records, one might
be tempted to say that it is State's
turn to win his one. After all they
have beaten such teams as Great
Lakes'Naval stars, Marquette, Cin-
cinnati and have split two tilts with
Butler.
But Michigan fans don't believe
that it will be an easy game for their
friendly foes of East Lansing. The
Wolverines might have something
new in store for the Spartans. At
least that is the rumor that was
heard around Yost Field House this
week. Tonight will tell. And Michi-
gan is known for upsets this year.
Coach Bennie Oosterbaan be-
(Continued on Page 3)
Tankmen Engage
Ohio State Today
By BUD HENDEL
Michigan's colossus of the swim-
ming world took to the road yester-
day for a five day swing through the
Midwest which will find it facing the
tank aggregations of Ohio State,
Northwestern and Purdue before re-
turning to its home port Sunday.
First stop on the Wolverine jaunt
will be Columbus, O., where the Maize
and Blue tankers will meet the chal-
lenge of a greatly improved Buckeye
team tonight. The last time the two
crews met was Jan. 24 in Ann Arbor
with the home team submerging the
invaders by a 50-34 count.
But tonight's meet promises -to be
much closer, and on the basis of
Ohio State's winning performance
against a strong Minnesota outfit
last Saturday, Michigan won't enter
the water as the pronounced favorite
one would expect.
For the Buckeyes really came into
their own when they stroked their
way to victory over the highly-tout-
ed Gopher squad. Taking first place
in all nine events, the Scarlet and
Gray tankers swamped the Norsemen
by a score of 58-26 to give notice
(Continued on Page 3)

Huge Japanese
Force Presses
Bataan Center
Gen. MacArthur Line Still
Stands Against Savage
Invaders' Onslaught
- --BULLETIN -
BOSTON, Feb. 10.-(P)-A re-
port that United States naval forces
had established a trans-Pacific
supply terminus at Wellington,
New Zealand, after convoying size-
able contingents of Anercan serv-
icemen to way station islands along
the route, was received today by
the Christian Science Monitor.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 10.- (A) -
Great numbers of veteran Jap troops
are exerting tremendous pressure on
the center of General Douglas Mac-
Arthur's line on Bataan, the War De-
partment reported today, but the de-
fenders have dealt the invaders hard
blows in "particularly savage" fight-
ing.
They mopped up Jap infiltration
units on the left of the line, fought
sharp patrol skirmishes on the right,
and shattered with artillery fire a
new attempt to land troops on the
west coast of Bataan with the appar-
ent purpose of taking the Americans
and Filipinos in the rear.
In addition, the defenders shot
down seven Japanese planes, and the
guns of Fort Drum at the entrance
to Manila Bay replied, with apparent
effectiveness, to shelling from Japa-
nese batteries.
However, two War Department
communiques issued during the day
spoke somberly of large Japanese re-
inforcements making themselves "in-
creasingly evident" and of the de-
fenders battling against heavy odds.
Five veteran Japanese divisions
(presumably some 125,000 men) were
present on Bataan Peninsual, the
Army said, together with supporting
forces, a force occupying Manila and
another manning Japanese shore
guns which have been intermittently
pounding Corregidor and the other
island forts.
Student Book Exchange
To Close For Semester
With over a thousand students
having used its facilities already, the
Student Book Exchange opens for
the last time today and will remain
open until midnight when it closes
for the remainder of the semester..
Students using the facilities of the
student-conducted, non- profit organ-
ization, name their owi, price for
their books and the Union retains 10
per cent to defray operating ex-
penses.
According to Robert Matthews of
the Union Executive Council, in
charge of the exchange, up to date
books of all kinds are needed, espec-
ially engineering and mathematics
texts.

Invaders Strike
At CityOutskirts
Furious Assaults Compel British Retreat;
Governor Declares 'We Are In God's
Hands' As Imperials Battle Stubbornly
By C. YATES McDANIEL
SINGAPORE, Feb. 10. (7:30 p.m.-8:30 a.m. EWT)-(IP)-From dawn to
dusk Japanese invaders, greatly strengthened by new landings from across
Johore Strait, beat with rising fury today at British defenders who are
falling back from the outer ring of Singapore's defenses under merciless en-
emy assaults by air and land.
In their hour of near-disaster Imperial forces fought bitterly and
stubbornly, making the invader pay dearly for every inch of ground.
Anti-aircraft batteries manned their guns unflinchingly, but still the
hordes of heavy bombers and dive-bombers came.
Sir Shenton Thomas, Singapore's governor, declared solmenly: "We are
all in the hands of God, from whom we can get comfort in our anxieties and
strength to play the man and help

Labor Board
Will Consider
Wage Policies
Henderson Against Grant
Of Large Pay Boosts
Asked By CIO Unions
-BULLETIN-
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1.-(JP)-
President Roosevelt said today he
thought Americans were becoming
more realistic every day regarding
the war situation and he added
that the first objective now was to
prevent a major break through
while destroying and damaging as
much enemy material and per-
sonnel as possible.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 10. - (A) -
Warned by Price Administrator Leon
Henderson against the granting of
"substantial" pay increases, the Na-
tional War Labor Board this week
will consider its future wage policy
in the face of CIO demands for $1
a day boosts in two war industries.
Henderson told the Board, which
has pending before it the CIO Steel
Workers' demand for a $1 daily in-
crease in "little steel" that he feared
broad wage advances would force
prices up to inflationary heights de-
spite the new price control law.
It was learned in labor quarters
that Henderson also had addressed a
letter of similar tone to President
Roosevelt, who read it to the six AFL
and CIO "peace" delegates meeting
at the White House last week.
A National War Labor Board source
said Henderson had suggested the
payment of wage increases in de-
fense bonds or stamps, and this
source added that board members
themselves were substantially agreed
that they must consider "some
method of forced saving."
Henderson was said to have warned
that heavy wage increases ultimately
would penalize low-income consum-
ers, and that governmental policy
calls for stabilizing the nation's pur-
chasing power rather than letting it
expand.
Members of the National War La-
bor Board are seriously concerned
over the effect of wage pressure on
the national economy and their own
responsibility in stabilizing produc-
tion costs, but have not yet debated
the problem in full panel.
Victory Book
Drive To Open
Rice To Head Campaign
Beginning Tomorrow
The Victory Book Campaign, a
drive to obtain reading material for
men in the armed services, will open
on campus tomorrow under the di-
rection of Warner G. Rice, head of
the University Library system.
Held in cooperation with a similar
nation-wide effort, the campaign is
an attempt in the words of Dr. Rice
"to keep up morale and mental alert-
ness."
Collection boxes placed at various
prominent places on campus will be
supervised by Alpha Phi Omega, and
students are asked to contribute gen-

one another in all the ordeals which
are to come."
It was a day of withdrawals also
among the international press corps.
A military spokesman gave his daiLy
situation talk to an audience of three
-representatives of two local news-
papers and myself.
For a fortnight I have been the
only American newsman in Singa-
pore and today the British corres-
pondent of the United Press and the
Australianrepresentative of Inter
national News Service joined the
Reuters manager and several Aus-
tralian correspondents aboard an
outward-bound vessel.
I looked down on Singapore in the
late afternoon on a scene of striking
contrasts.
In the north, columns of black
smoke billowed skyward from burn-
-BULLETIN -
MOSCOW, Feb. .- )--Ger-
mn sk troops were ppearing' in
large numbers on the North Cen-
tral front tonight and the Red
Army, slowly re-winning more
ground after clearing the invader
from three whole provinces, faced
most stubborn resistance yet from
retreating Nazi units.
ing oil tanks, providing a somber
backdrop for the stage on which the
grim drama is reaching its climax.
The opposing guns ceased their
pounding for a brief moment but
darting in and out of the drifting
clouds of smoke, Japanese dive-
bombers were delivering their last
loads ofth e day before darkness
called them back to their bases.
Near the center of the stage cloud
of light gray smoke arose from rub-
ber plants, pineapple canneries and
facorties to which the owners had
applied the torch to prevent their use
by the enemy.
New Student
Cheering Body
Is Suggested
Out of the student offices of the
Union has come the plan for forma-
tion of a new men's organization,
the "Wolverines."
With Bob Burstein, '43, in charge,
foundations were laid by the distri-
bution of application blanks and in-
formation to the members of the
freshman and sophomore classes.
The purpose of the new organiza-
tion is "to stimulate school spirit, and
to make Michigan more united as a
student body; to develop a Michigan
tradition that will surpass all others
throughout the country."
From the two classes200 men will
be chosen for membership in the
"Wolverines." Those selected will be
given seats in a specially reserved
section at football games between the
30 yard lines, those who wish to at-
tend other athletic events will sit in
specially reserved sections, and will
generally lead the student body in
University activities.
Marine Lieutenant
To Remain Today
The specially appointed laison of-
ficer for the Marine Corps, Lieut.
William L. Batchelor, will remain at
the Naval ROTC Headquarters in
North Hall today to interview pros-
pective applicants for commission as

Fraternities Advised To Cut Frills;
Told 'U' Can't Allow 'Country Club'

Extra-Curricular
Officers To

Activity
Speak

Members of the Class of '45 will
have their first opportunity to hear
about the various activities and cam-
pus organizations at the Activities
Smoker at 7:45 p.m. Thursday in the
main ballroom of the Union.
Designed to acquaint the freshmen
with the various clubs and activities,
the program of the smoker will fea-
ture short talks by members of the
many organizations participating in
it. Opportunity is provided for se-
curing information directly from the
officers and members of the different
activities, who will be located in the
organization booths throughout the

By MORTON MINTZ
Greek-letter organizations - pin-
ched by the draft, rocked by the war
-are advised by their mentors to
shake-off every trace of easy-going
tradition, for only the fittest will sur-
vive the emergency.
With the admonition that the Uni-
versity, giving its utmost to the war
effort and striving to obtain maxi-
mum state and federal aid, cannot
be charged with running "a coun-
try club," Assistant Dean Walter B.
Rea warned fraternities yesterday
that they "must pull in their horns
and revert to fundamentals."
He declared they must abolish
frills, cut down on the number and
pretentiousness of their parties, stress
scholastic aims, fulfill their obliga-
tions to University and country-and
watch their expenditures.
Dean Rea emphasized the need for
social functions in wartime but
pointed out that ill-timed and ex-
cessive fraternity parties compete
sometimes quite harmfully, with cam-
pus affairs.
"During the emergency," Dean Rea
asserted, "either campus or fratern-

is ground for questioning the neces-
sity or advisability of having so
many social events of this nature."
Greek-letter brows may wrinkle
over Dean Joseph A. Bursley's state-
ments concerning rushing in the
President's report, given to the Board
of Regents Jan. 30.
"The present system of rushing is
demoralizing to both the freshmen
who are being rushed and the frater-
nity members who are doing the
rushing," Dean Bursley wrote. He
contended that "there are fundamen-
tal changes in the whole system of
obtaining members for these organ-
izations which must be made before
some of the more serious grounds
for criticism can be overcome.
"Some step must be taken to elim-
inate the confusion and disruption of
scholastic work during the opening
weeks of the University year."
(Donald Stevenson, president of
the Interfraternity Council, com-
mented yesterday that a program of
deferred rushing is being studied by
an IFC committee, unnecessary ex-
penditures are under fire and econo-
mies, through such means as cooper-

in order for them to continue on this
campus after the current year. It is
suggested that fraternities, as a
group, must give favorable considera-
tion to some means of spreading the
available pledges through all houses
on a more equitable basis."
Professor Briggs cited these con-
siderations: (1) The fraternity group
staggered financially during 1940-
41; (2) twelve less chapters showed
less financial gain when compared
to the preceding year and 11 more
chapters showed financial losses;
(3) five houses discontinued opera-
tions as a result of 1940-41 opera-
tions, and (4) five of the remaining
53 houses obtained either no pledges
or only one pledge at the conclu-
sion of the 1941 pledge period.
Concentration of large pledge
classes in a few houses, at the ex-
pense of another group of houses
who obtain no pledges, means the
downfall each year of a number of
houses, in the opinion of Professor
Briggs.. He warned that "the strong
chapters must socialize their atti-
tude to strengthen the fraternity
group or the group will continue

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