AGE FOUL RTH Al
'1 r.e , t r tg Yi tt
Wash inton Merry-Go-Round
By DREW PEARSON and ROBErT S. ALLEN
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941.42
WASHINGTON-Anyone with a map - and
the Japanese have good maps - can figure out
future U.S. offensive strategy against the would-
be rulers of the Pacific.
1. To strike at the heart of Japan with bomb-
ing planes via Alaska and Siberia.
2. To use China to cut Japan's long supply
line extending down below the equator to
Regarding the latter strategy, the Japanese,
if not careful, will get themselves in the same
difficult and extended position of ourselves and
the British - sending supplies thousands of
miles to battle fronts half way round the world.
That is why U.S. munitions are being rushed
to China by air, instead of by the old Burma
Road, so that China may be used as a base
against the extended Japanese supply line. This,
however, will take time. For supplies by trans-
port planes can only go in driblets.
REGARDING the first strategy - bombing at-
tacks via Siberia - the Russians have made
their position quite clear to us, and both Roose-
velt and Churchill agree with them. They point
1. Vladivostok is surrounded on two sides by
Japanese, could be cut off rather quickly,
if used as a bombing base.
2. The Russians have sent some of their best
troops and planes from Siberia to Moscow.
3. Russia will join us in any real bomber at-
attack against Japan, but it has to be a
sustained and continued attack lasting for
In other words, if we are merely going to send
a few bombers over Japan, then say to Moscow:
"Gentlemen, we have run out of bombers, you
carry on alone," then the Russians aren't at all
interested. They want to see a continuous supply
route, a row of good Alaskan bases, with a lot of
bombers in reserve. Then they will start blow-
ing up Tokyo.
Slow Work In Alaska
In regard to our present lack of Alaskan bases,
here is some unwritten history which is signifi-
cant. In March, 1940, the House military sub;
committee on Appropriations killed a War De-
partment appropriation of $14,000,000 for a cer-
tain base in Alaska.
When Governor Gruening of Alaska, who was
then in Washington, read about it next morning,
he hit the ceiling. With General Marshall he
hot-footed it to the Capitol, almost got down
on their knees to Representatives Ross Collins
of Mississippi, Lane Powers of New Jersey, Fran-
cis Case of South Dakota, and J. Buell Snyder
But the Congressmen were adamant. The
Alaskan base was too expensive.-
A month later, however, Hitler overran Nor-
way and the base was put back into the bill.
Later that summer, the Governor of Alaska
had the ironic pleasure of welcoming this same
subcommittee on a tour of inspection of the base
which they had rejected in March. They stayed
24 hours. Congressman Snyd1er had his picture
taken driving a nail - and the base was started.
Alvin Dann .
Gerald E. Burns
Daniel H. Huyett
James B. Collins
. . . . Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
.h ,City Editor
. . Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
. . . Assistant Sports Editor
. . . . . Women's Editor
. . Assistant Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor
. . . Business Manager
. . Associate Business Manager
. Women's Advertising Manager
. . Women's Business Manager
THE REPLY CHURLISH
NIGHT EDITOR: DAN B1EHRMAN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Public Resents Private
Interests Of Big Business
PERHAPS IT IS TRUE that the dem-
ocratic peoples are as instinctively
complacent as a herd of cattle; and must be
forcibly driven by farsighted gad-flies of the
Churchill and Roosevelt ilk. Perhaps it is true
that immense undertakings such as world wars
are beyond the comprehension of the bovine
John Q.; but certain little personal affronts like
prohibition, the NRA, and the Pension Plan
arouse in John a fury that confounds the most
sophisticated of political and financial schemers.
Against this fury I feel obligated to warn cer-
tain myopic individualist 8 who are driving their
trust machines on sacred ground.
RECENTLY, Mr. Roosevelt asserted, "In every
part of the country, experts in production
and the men and women at work in the plants
are giving loyal service. With few exceptions,
labor, caiital and farming realize that this is no
time either to make undue profitsor "to gain
special advantages, one over the other."
Now, lately, we have been hearing in the popu-
lar press an enormous roar over the "few ex-
ceptions" in labor. And the alleged "Farm
Bloc" has become notorious as a result of its
recent coup in the Senate. These "exceptions,",
through carefully diligent publicity on the part
of our popular press, have effectively aroused
the ire of John Q.; but very little has been said
of the "exceptions" of capital, the experts in
PERHAPS these exceptions are negligible.
Even so, such negligible instances of non-
cooperation by the big boys are just the things
bovine John Q. can understand. For texample,
investigations by the Interstate Commerce Com-
mission on the vital crude oil pipe-line intended
to run from Texas to Georgia revealed a stiff
opposition to the line on the part of big oil
companies which control prices and run their
industry only through the control of pipe lines.
Common carrier pipe-lines managed by the
government would permit transportation equal-
ity to smaller companies and endanger the
trust monopolies. John Q. sees clearly enough
that these oil trusts are more interested in their
own welfare than that of the war-periled nation,
and he is becoming sore. Too bad he cannot
get more information from the trust-controlled
Another capital "exception" that has received
only small publicity is Standard Oil's secret
rubber deal with German manufacturers, as
exposed by the Truman Committee. The Com-
mittee discovered that in 1929 Standard Oil of
New Jersey formed a secret cartel with the I. G.
Farbenindustrie of Germany, by which the Ger-
man trust took over all chemical patents, in-
cluding synthetic rubber, while Standard took
over all the oil patents, especially the patents
on synthetic gasoline. The Germans were al-
lowed to make synthetic rubber inside Germany,
but Standard was not permitted to make syn-
thetic rubber inside the United States. In 1934,
as Hitler was storing a huge supply of synthetic
rubber for his future war against this country,
4Goodyear Rubber and Dow Chemical were re-
fused use of the patents by Standard. The Sen-
ate committee found that, "The American cartel
IT MAY GET A LITTLE TIRESOME to hear,
because it is going to be said over and over,
but the people who ought to read it and make
some changes usually can't read or don't think it
means them, and right now it means everybody.
In editorials o these pages you have had a
chance to watch the events which do not appear
under the big headlines - they are not military
campaigns, nor submarine sinkings - but they
are things to be discussed and attacked, because
though they are the doings of our own people,
they are also the doing2 of stupid people. The
stupid people are often unfortunately gifted in
the capacity for action. direct, hard, unthink-
ing action, and to this talent I should add that
they are the loudest, most blatant champions of
jingoism, of an Americanism, which because
of Commons, Sir Richard Acland, M. P., de-
"We are to have a debate on production. I
wonder whether in that debate anybody will
mention the root cause of the difficulty. The
root cause does not lie in ministerial incom-
petence, or in absenteeism, or in managerial
inefficiency, or in the overlapping of depart-
ments, or anything of that kind. It lies in the
fact that you are trying to get the maximum
production of the whole, through the instru-
mentality of men who must have one eye rest-
ing on the post-war capital value of the particu-
lar part which they control ---
"It is in our interest to postpone every post-
ponable repair; it is in the interests of the own-
ers to get every repair done and have it charged
up to the excess profits tax . . . It is in ou'r in-
terest to share trade secrets; it is in the owners'
interests to preserve them . . . It is in our in-
terest that half-used machines should be sent
to factories where they would be fully used;
it is the firms' interest to disguise the fact that
the machines are half used . . . It is in our in-
terest that every productive resource should be
pressed into service; it is in the owners' interest
to wonder whether there will not be surplus
productive capacity at the end of the war .. .
"IT goes further than that. We are appealing
for more and more spontaneous self-sacri-
fice for our country from the great masses of
our people. This is the second time within liv-
ing memory that we have been asked to sacrifice
for our country, and we are willing to do it. Is
it too great a shock to honorable members oppo-
site to hear, quite bluntly, definitely and cer-
tainly, that, after these sacrifices have been
made, this country is going to be ours and not
someone else's? Of course, in moments of indi-
vidual crisis acts of individual heroism are al-
ways forthcoming, but something more is needed
for the war effort.
"These acts must be backed up by enthusiastic
self-denial hour after hour, day after day and
year after year in all the humdrum tasks which
war involves. This enthusiasm, though consider-
able, is crabbed and confined today by a picture
which is present to the minds of great numbers
of people; a picture of this country divided into
"We" and "They." "We" are the great masses,
more or less unwanted, called out to act as
heroes when we're needed, and then pushed
back to where we belong, as we were last time.
"'They', on the other hand, are a little group,
living a rather different kind of life from what
we live, somehow always succeeding in striking
it lucky, and with a fair probability that, when
the soldier is back in the unemployment queue
and the Spitfire pilot is selling vacuum cleaners,
'they' will be somehow comfortably running
the country from behind the scenes. If you
want the fullest enthusiasm of our people for a
they think only as mobs and fools, they cannot
understand or tolerate.
On the other hand, because a democracy af-
fords stupid, thick headed and skinned people
an equal financial and political opportunity,
and because, boomerang style this opportunity
may be and is exploited, so that by financial
success a man gains political power which he
uses cyclically to strengthen his position, there
arises a question as to just where some check
is to be put on pure and ideal democracy.cThe
acts of a patriotic fool often violate the law, but
because a democracy will take the fool's self-
professed purity of motive into consideration,
those illegal actions are often forgiven or ig-
nored, and if by any chance he is called to task,
he will squeal like a stuck pig about the ingrat-
itude of the world.
TESTERDAY LEON GORDENKMR wrote an
excellent editorial on the activities of vigi-
lante +committees in California. The vigilante
committee has continued to exist, as an anchron-
ism on the American scene, for reasons which
ought right now to. be examined closely. Be-
cause we have great respect for our American
past, because we are all still bred and born into
individualism, we see the historical parent of
the modern vigilante committee as a good thing,
as a thing which brought law, or at least justice
to parts of nineteenth century America where
the book meant little and the deed much. It
was then the banding together of self-respecting
individuals to protect society against those who
broke the laws of society. It was, then, an ideal
form of our functional American individualism;
it is, now, an ideal form of Hitler's functional
Nazi mass brutalism. The paradox is simple.
There never was a break in the unwise habit of
men getting excited in company, and so, as the
needs for mobs died away, the mobs continued,
ignoring the basis of the written law for which
they had once worked, gradually drifting into
a blind, stupid conviction that because due pro-
cess of law takes time, the mob must act, even
if it breaks the law.
The vigilantes, the Ku Klux Klan, the Silver
Shirts, the Black Legion, and I am sorry to add,
the American Legion, have committeed unfor-
giveable violations of what this country stands
for, and because the members and leaders of
these groups enjoy that immunity of the respec-
tale middle class when they take their hoods or
uniforms off, because two-bit politicians are
aware of the value of an organized mob, the
collective unwisdom of which makes for a bloc
of votes in a district or over the entire nation,
they have come right through to the present
day without being called. Their function is no
longer a valid one; we have an excellent secret
service which has proven a thousand times that
it can and does act quickly, but justly. Even in
these war times there has been surprisingly little
witch hunting carried on by the F.B.I. And
more locally, except in those districts where the
stupid mob has allowed politics to ruin their
police forces, the immediate business of enforc-
ing the law has been carried on admirably. But
the dullards, the inflated asses who enjoy
mental orgasm of the mob continue to exist,
denying the American freedoms to Americans,
striking in the dark, taking the law into their
own hands. Against them are pitched the gov-
ernment and the politically potent intellectuals.
It is now, I believe, time for a showdown with-
in the country as well as internationally. It is
not impossible to fight both forces at the same
time. That should be the definition of total
war - to drive down the enemy in whatever
' form he may take, and wherever he is found.
The F.B.I. should start right now seeking out the
members of vigilante committees, the fat fools
who embrace the fact of fascism in the name of
dmmnrn,ro., cv,,(InngP rhc ,,hr. ix,', o- _ rwht 1i-
(Continued from Page 2)
Public Health students on Tuesday,
March 3, at 4:00 p.m. in the Audi-
torium of the W. K. Kellogg Building.
All students in the School are re-
quested to be present.
Student Organizations: Due to re-
cently imposed production restric-
tions, all student organizations are
urged to order without delay keys,
badges, or other insignia necessary
for their spring initiations. Further
information can be secured from the
W. B. Rea
Auditor of Student Organizations
Certificates of Eligibility: All par-
ticipants and chairmen of activities
are reminded that first semester eli-
gibility certificates are good only un-
til March 1. Certificates for the sec-
ond semester must be secured before
Office of the Dean of Students
Caroline Hubbard Kleinstueck Fel-
lowship: This award of $500 is of-
fered by the Kalamazoo Alumnae
Group for the year 1942-43. It is
open to any woman with an A.B.
degree from an accredited college or
university and is available for gradu-
ate work in any field. A graduate
of the University of Michigan may
use the award for study wherever she :
wishes but a graduate of any other
college or university must continue
her work at Michigan. Candidates .
showing ability for creative work will t
be given special consideration. Ap-
plication blanks may be obtained at 1
the Alumnae office in the Michigan T
League or at the Office of the Dean
of Women and should be returnedt
not later than March 15.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-t
United States Civil Service
Instructor, Motor Transport, Auto-
motive Parts. Branches: Diesel En-
gines, Internal Combustion, Motor-
cycles, Blacksmith & Welding, Tire
Recapping & Sectional Repair, Fen-
der, Body & Radiator, Automotive
Elecrical & Carburetion, Body Fin-
ishing & Upholstery, Automotive
Machinist, General. Salary $2,600 to -
$4,600, open until further notice.
New York State Civil Service '
Written Examinations: (Applica-
tions should be filed by March 6.
Forms may be obtained from NewI
York office directly).
Assistant Actuarial Clerk, $1,200 to
Assist Game Research Investigator,
$2,100 to $2,600.
Asst. Institution Meat Grader, $2,-
100 to $2,600.
Asst. Personnel Technician, $2,400E
Asst. Social Worker, $1,200 &,
Asst. Veterinarian Bacteriologist,
$2,400 to $3,000.
Disease Control Veterinarian, $2,-1
400 to $3,000.
Field Investigator of Narcotic Con-
trol, $2,400 to $3,000.
Game Research Investigator, $2,-
600 to $3,225.
Head Cook, $2,000 to $2,400.
Industrial Research Asst., $2,400 to
Junior Engineering Aid, $1,406 to
Medical Record Librarian, $1,600
Milk Accounts Examiner, $2,400 to
Park Patrolman, $1,500 to $2,000,
Pathologist, $3,120 to $3,870.
Psychologist, $2,400 to $3,000.
Public Health Nurse, $1,800 to
Steam Fireman, $1,500 to $2,000.
Supervisor of Vocational Rehabili-
tation, $2,760 to $3,360.
X-Ray Assistant, $1,400 to $1,900.
X-Ray. Assistant; (Therapy), $1,400
Unwritten examinations (Appli-
cations should be filed by March 27.)
Bath Attendant, $1,150 to $1,650.
Foreman, Blister Rust Control,
$4.00 to $6.24 per day.
Further information may be ob-
tained from the notice filed in the
office of the Bureau of Appointments,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours 9-12
and 2-4. Application forms must be
obtained directly from the Civil Serv-
ice office in Albany, New York by
Bureau of Appointments and
"So you would bring her in after 12:30!"
n Room 3089 N.S. on Monday, March p
, beginning at 1 o'clock. I
Doctoral Examination for Richard s
ewis Aldrich, Oriental Civilization; g
hesis: "Tun-Huang: The Rise of the P
ansu Port in the 'V"ang Dynasty."
VIonday, March 2, 405 Mason Hall, t
0:00 a.m, Chairman, M. Titiev.a,
By action of the Executive Board, E
,he chairman may invite members 't
f the faculties and advanced doctor- i
A candidates to attend the examina-
ion and he may grant permission to
hose who for sufficient reason might l
wish to be present. 9
C. S. Yoakum F
Choral Union Concert: Vitya Vron- 1]
,ky and Victor Babin, pianists, will
Uive the tenth program in the Chor-
al Union Concert Series, Tuesday, st
M~arch 3, at 8:30 o'clock, in Hill
4uditorium. The program wll con-
ist of numbers for two pianos. A i
imited number of tickets are still N
vailable at the offices of the Uni- b
versity Musical Society in Burton
Charles A. Sink, President p
Exhibition, College of Architec-
ure and Design: The work of Pyn-0
on Printers, consisting of books, pan- &
As, labels, posters. Ground floor A
orridor cases. Open daily 9 to 5,6
except Sunday, through March 2.
The public is invited.
Ann Arbor Art Association: An ex- S
bibition of regional art and craft as 9
represented by the work of Jean Paul h
Slusser and Charles Culver, painters, v
and of Mary Chase Stratton and .
Grover Cole, potters. * The Rackham i
Galleries. Open daily 2-4 and 7-91
except Sunday through March 4. TheS
public is cordially invited to see thisE
mportant exhibition.iNo admissionZ
Exhibit of Illustrations, Universityt
Elementary School: The drawingst
made by Elinor Blaisdell to illustrate
the book "The Emperor's Nephew,"
by Marian Magoon of the English
Department of Michigan State Nor-
mal College, Ypsilanti, are on displayt
in the first and second floor corridort
cases. Open Monday-Friday 8 to 5,
Saturday, 8-3 through March 14.
The public is invited.
Barn Dance, sponsored by the,
Michigan Outing Club, will be held1
this evening at the Women's Ath-
letic Building at 8:30. Every stu-
dent on campus is invited to attend.f
There will be no charge. Come with1
or without a date. Wear informal
Square Dance for graduate students'
and faculty tonight at 8:30 in the1
Rackham Assembly Hall. Sponsor-
ship of Graduate Council and Gradu-
ate Outing Club. Old time square
and round dances. Instruction for
International Center Program:
After supper and the sing on Sun-
day evening, March 1, Professor Mar-
tha Colby will speak on "Oriental
Folk-Music" illustrating her talk with
records, Her collection extends in
scope from Flamencan Spanish mus-
ic to music of the Philippines and
Java. The supper is at 6:00 p.m., the
sing at 7:00 and the lecture-con-
cert at 7:30 p.m.
Petitioning for Assembly positions
will last through Tuesday, March 3.
Interviews will take place on Wednes-
day, Thursday, and Friday of next
week from 3:30-5:01 p.m.
Gamma Delta Lutheran Student
Club will hold its regular Fellowship
reach on the subject, "The Virtue of
5:30 p.m. Ariston League, high
chool group, in Pilgrim Hall. A
roup discussion will be held, on "The
lace of Religion in a World at War."
7:15 p.m. Student Fellowship in
he church parlors. Following a short
enten service led by Rev. Ernest
;vans, Mrs. Evans will give a talk on
rips through the South and England,
lustrated with colored movies.
First Methodist Church and Wes-
ey Foundation: Student Class at
:30 a.m. Morning Worship Serv-
ce at 10:40 o'clock. Dr. Charles W.
3rashares will preach on "Christ's
Vay of Life." Wesleyan Guild meet-
ng at 6:00 p.m. The Rev. Chester
oucks will speak on "Take Your
Medicine." Fellowship hour and
upper following the meeting.
First Presbyterian Church: Morn-
ng Worship, 10:45. "The Great
Aystery" is the subject of the sermon
y Dr. Lemon.
Westminster Student Guild: Sup-
er and fellowship hour at 6:00 p.m.
Dr. E. W. Blakeman will speak on
Immortality--What Does It Mean?"
The Ann Arbor Meeting of Friends
Quakers) will meet for worship Sun-
[ay afternoon at 5:00 in Lane Hall.
k. Fellowship supper will follow at
:00 p.m. All are invited.
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
Sunday: 8:00 a.m. Holy Communion;
:00 a.m. Parish Communion Break-
fast, Harris Hall (please make reser-
vation); 10:00 a.m. High School
Class; 11:00 a.m. Kindergarten, Har-
ris Hall; 11:00 a.m. Junior Church;
11:00 a.m. Holy Communion and
Sermon by the Rev. Henry Lewis,
D.D.; 4:00-5:30 p.m. Parent-Teacher
Tea, Harris Hall; 5:00 p.m. Con-
firmation Class; 6:00 p.m. Choral
Evensong; 7:30 p.m. Episcopal Stu-
dent Guild Meeting, Harris Hall,
Speaker: Prof. Palmer A. Throop.
Topic: "Wyclif and the Lollards."
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
Sunday morning service at 10:30.
Subject: "Christ Jesus."
Sunday School at 11:45 a.m.
Unitarian Church: 11:00 a.m.
Church service, Rev. Claude Williams,
head of the Institute of Applied Re-
ligion, will speak on "The Social
Aspects of Religion."
6:00 p.m. Student Supper,
7:30 p.m. Discussion: "Religion
and World Reconstruction" led by
Rev. H. P. Marley.
9:00 p.m Social Hour.
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples): 10:45 a.m., Worship Services,
Rev. Frederick Cowin, Minister.
6:30 p.m., Disciples Guild Sunday
Evening Hour. Mr. William Fuson
of the Department of Sociology will
speak to the Guild on "Sociological
and Psychological Bases for a Just
and Durable Peace." A social hour
and tea will follow the discussion.
Trinity Lutheran Church: Church
Worship service at 10:30 a.m. with
sermon delivered by Rees Edgar Tul-
loss, Ph.D., President of Wittenberg
College. Theme will be "The Church
-A Loving Family."
Zion Lutheran Church: Rev. Ernest
C. Stellhorn will use as his theme for
the 10:30 a.m. worship service, "Jesus,
Lutheran Student Association will
meet Sunday at 5:30 p.m. in Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall. Rees Edgar
Tulloss, Ph.D., President of Witten-
berg College, will speak on "The
The Church of Christ will meet for
GRIN AND BEAR IT
./ ,' ' .
Bowling Tournament-Women Stu
dents: When two teams, which are
scheduled to play, cannot get to-
gether, each may bowl separately and
drop the score sheet in the box pro-
vided. State on the score sheet the
name of the house represented, the
name of the captain, and the name
of the opposing captain.
Bacteriological Seminar will meet
in Room 1564 East Medical Build-
ing on Monday, March 2, at 8:00
All interested are cordially invited.
Geology 11-Make-up Bluebooks1
and Final for last semester will be
an tn dnv . o00 nm. i in Rn-m