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October 02, 1941 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1941-10-02

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Partly Cloudy- and Warmer.


Lit igait



A New Week'
For America....


VOL. LII. No. 4




Revolts Rise
In Occupied
NaZi Europe
Czech Premier, Generals
Condemned And Shot
For Anti-German Plot
Gestapo Attempts
To Crush Unrest
BERLIN, Oct. 1.-VP)-The Nazi-
picked Premier of the Czech Protec-
torate of Bohemia-Moravia, two more
Czech generals and an undetermined
number of othr persons-were shot or
condemned to death today in stern
and continuing suppression of what
the Germans term a treasonable plot.
Thee generals, described by a Ger-
man spokesman as brigadiers, were
the fourth and fifth of the general+
rank to be executed since the Nazis
announced they had smashed a con-
spiracy to overthrow German rule in
the protectorate. Their names were,
said to be Dolecal and Svatek, both
of Prague.
The announcement they had been
shot followed by a few hours the news
of the death sentence of General
Alois Elias, the Bohemia-Moravia'
Premier. He was condemned by a3
German 'court at Prague for "prep-
aration for high treason and abetting
the enemy." DNB said he had made
a "full confession." His property was1
Four Czechs were said to have been1
acquitted by a courtmartial.
In its swift action to round up and+
root all. elements connected with an
alleged plot to ,hrow off German rule,
the Gestapo today also held 256
Czechs for "investigation."
There was no information whether
any of these already had been placedr
before firing squads, but 88 Czechs,
including a number of generals, edu-
cators and other prominent persons,
were listed yesterday as executed.
There is no appeal from the deci-
sion of the court except to Adolf
Hitler himself. If was not stated
whether the ethsentence already
had . e arre out.
Plias, who was arrested Sunday,t
was not only Premier, but Minister
of Interior, nd was a key man in
the administration of the Protector-
News of other developments in the
Protectorate was reduced to a care-
fully-controlled trickle-through Ger-
man official and semi-official sources.
Unrest in other German-conquered
countries apparently was hidden in
similar fashion, but a German radio
report heard in New York said four
persons had bee executed and one
sent to prison for life in the Nether-
lands for operating a sabotage and
espionage ring and for shooting a
German railroad worker.
Firing Squads Operate k
In Yugoslav Provincet
BUDAPEST, Hungary, Oct. 1.-(P)
-German firing squads and hang-
men were reported today to have ex-r
ecuted 42 persns in Banat, the un-
garian-occupled part of former Yu-Y
The newspaper Magyarorsag said,
in a dispatch from Subotica that 30
were shot after they were discoveredz
to be members of a gang which plot-
ted to assassinate officials. They
were said to have been caught with
weapons end explosives.-
Shortly aft rward another groupI

was said to have attempted to wreck
a passenger train by removing rails.-
In retaliation the German military
commander ordered the execution of
twelve Communist prisoners who were
said to have been held for known
crimes. They were" hanged publicly
in the market place at Hagybeckerek
and their bodies were left hanging 24
The newspaper Pest said the food
situation was "catastrophic" in many
Yugoslav cities. All prices were re-
ported soaring.
British Coast Cities
Attacked B Nazis
In Overnight Raid
BERLIN, Oct. 1.-(A)-A heavy
ov.ernight British air raid on German
coastal cities (Hamburg and Stettin) :
=left dead and injured among the +
civilian population, the High Com-
mand announced today as the Reich
curtailed evening activities in prep-
aration for more frequent fall and
winter attacks.
Attempts of "individial planes" to

Soviets Dispute Eastern
Gains Claimed By Nazis


Gordon Bags First Home Run Of World Series

Axis Reports 'Progress';
Advances Announced
By Finns, Italians
BERLIN, Oct. ,1.-(/P)-Germany
reported progress today at both ends
of the ,eastern front, sharing its
claims in the north with Finnish
forces which announced the capture
of. Petrozavodsk and in -the south
with Italians who are bolstering the
push across the Ukraine.
Several Russian batteries were cap-
tured as the result of surprise attacks
by a German armored division east
of Dnieperopetrovsk, on the line of
the German drive toward Kharkov
and the industrial Donets River
Basin in ndtheeastern Ukraine, the
High Command reported.
"To the north of this," it said, "an-
other armored division has encoun-
tered enemy tank forces and destroy-
ed 45 out of 80 Soviet tanks. The
rest were put to flight."
Other official souces said three
Russian divisions had been wiped
out by a combined German-Italian
encirclement northeast of Dniepero-
A Stefani news agency report from
Rome said Italian troops already had
captured 7,000 Ru ian prisoners and
were eliminating the last Red Army
resistance in a large pocket east of
the Dnieper River. The news agency
said Tuesday four Russian infantry
divisions had been trapped and all
but destroyed.
Finns Celebrate Capture
Of Karelian Capital
HELSINKI, Oct. 1.-()-Finland
announced today the capture of Pe-
trozavodsk, capital of Soviet Karelia,
and proudly decked its towns with
flags to celebrate possession of a city
Which, Finns said, "has belonged to
us for centpries but only now is ours."
A communique said the Finnish
forces penetrated Pttrozavodsk at
4:30 a.ii:, and hoisted the Finnish
flag over the city hall, climaxing at-
tacks from b th south and west.
The Russians, it was claimed, were
pressed step by step toward Petro-
zavodsk and many of them destroyed,
while Red Army counter-attacks from
the north were repulsed by the Finns.
The ussians used both tanks and
artillery to defend the city, but the
survivors finally were pressed into
a tight strip of lake coast outside
Petrozavodsk and conquered.
Army correspondent said the Fin-
nish forces found Pevozavodsk evac-
uated of its civilian population, which
recently exceeded 100,000 because of
the rapid development of Soviet in-
dustries there.
United States Signs
Aid Pact With Brazil
WASHINGTON, Oct. 1.-(P)-As
another step to reinforce defense of
the Western Hemisphere, the United
States today signed a lend-lease
agreement with Brazil, the largest
and most geographically strategic
nation of South America.
Although the State Department
merely confirmed that the agreement
had been signed and the Brazilian
Ambassador declined to discuss the
matter, it was understood the agree-
ment includes a loan of between $90,-
000,000 and $110,000,000 to the south-
ern republic.
Products the United States will
receive in return will be stipulated
later, but informed sources said they
would include vital defense materials
of which Brazil has a vast store, in-
cluding minerals and rubber.. I

German Gliders Stopped
As Leningrad, Odessa
Forces Hold Lines
MOSCOW, Thursday, Oct. 2.-(A)
-Nazi airmen employing gliders
were shot down yesterday in the
Black Sea area, presumably the Cri-
mean Peninsula, and at least 260,000
Germans and Rumanians have fallen
in their attempt to crack the de-
fenses of Leningrad and Odessa, the
Russians announced today.
"In one day fliers of an air unit
of the Black Sea fleet brought down
10 eneny planes and three gliders,"
a Soviet communique said without
Red land troops since last week
had reported smashing Nazi efforts
to storm the Perekop Isthmus ap-
proaches to the Crimea. The refer-
ence to gliders immediately recalled
to observers here the German use of
those airplane-towed vehicles in the
successful invasion of the Greek is-
land of Crete.
Icy winds and snow struck the
'Ukraine foi the first time yesterday,
and the post-midnight communique
today reported continued fighting
along the entire front.
A Russian officer estimated the
GermanA have lost 100,000 men in
the 10-week struggle against Lenin-
grad, and a Tass correspondent said
at least 160,000 Rumanian casualties
*ere suffered in the enduring at-
tempt to take encircled Odessa.
Moreover, front line dispatches
said the Nazi invaders had lost 5,500
dead in the last three days.
Intimating the north and central
fronts are tending toward stabiliza-
tion, these dispatches by Red Star,
the army paper, said the Soviet de-
fense was holding firmly to new
positions, in Leningrad's approaches.
Medical School
Alumni Gather
Por Conclave
Round Table Discussions,
Reunion Banquet, Talks
Will Highlight Meeting
Attracting thousands of doctors
from all parts of the, country, the
second triennial reunion for alumni
of the University Medical School and
former house officers of the Univer-
sity Hospital will get underway this
morning in the first of three days
of timely addresses and discussions.
At a luncheon at 12:15 p.m. today
at the Union, the visiting alumni will
be permitted to engage in a round
table discussion on chemotherapy:
The discussion will be divided into
six groups. Dr. Perrin H. Long of the,
Johns Hopkins University School of,
Medicine will give ageneral sum-
mary of the topic, Dr. Charles L.
Brown of the Temple University
School of Medicine will speak from
the standpoint of medicine, and Dr.
Harold K. Faber of the Stanford
University School of Medicine will
discuss the subject from the stand-
point of pediatrics.
Chemotherapy as applied in the
fields of otolaryngology, urology and
surgery will be discussed respective-
ly by Dean Albert C. Furstenberg, Dr.
Reed M. Nesbit and Dr. Henry K.
Ransom, all of the University Medi-
cal School.
The reunion banquet will be held
at 7 p.m. today in the ballroom of the

(This picture was rushed to Ann Arbor by plane and automobile last night.)
Yankee second baseman Joe Gordon steamed into home plate after his second-inning home run in the
World Series 'opener with the Brooklyn Dodgers be fore a recofd croard of 68,540 fans in Yankee Stadium.
Congratulating Gordon is Phil Rizzuto, Yank shorts top, who follows Gordon in the batting order. The'
Dodger catcher is Mickey Owen. - The umpire is W. A. McGowan. Final score: Yankees, 3; Dodgers, 2.
This was the first home run of the World Series.t

'German Pirates' Being Swept
From Atlantic, Knox Declares

U.S. Fortifies
Northern Post
With Field Unit

retary of the Navy Knox told the
American Bar Association today, "We
are already sweeping the German pi-
rates from the North Atlantic, and
bringing to England the products of
the arsenal we have set up here."
He didn't disclose any evidence of
actual fighting by the United States
Navy since the Sept. 16 orders to the
Atlantic Fleet to shoot on sight, but
he added:
"Eventually we (the British and
American navies) shall lock Nazi
Germany up in an iron ring, and
within that ring of seapower she shall
After his speech the Nvy chief
said at a press conference he had no
reports of any new incidentsn
volving the Atlantic fleet. He de-
scribed the Battle of the Atlantic as
"very quiescent." The word "convoy"
is now obsolete in describing the task
of the United States Fleet, he said,
explaining he preferred the word
"The Navy is providing whatever
protection is needed anywhere," he
In his address before one of the
few general sessions which the con-
vention will hold, Knox asserted the
.United States must quit "indulging
in the fatuous folly of declaring that
we will not fight when war threatens
unless our own shores are invaded."
"If we must fight," he said, "and
mark this well, there will not be for
many years to come a time when we
maynot havento fight, then with
modern weapons what they are, let
us determine that we will fight else-
where than on our own soil."
He emphasized frequently that
freedom of the seas is essential to
RAF Attacks
On Wide Front
Torpedo Boat Squadron
Blasted By Fighters
LONDON, Oct. 1.-()-A squadron
of Britain's new four-cannon Hurri-
canes blasted apart an attack forma-
tion of eight German motor torpedo-
boats off the French coast tonight,
the Air Ministry announced.
The sudden swoop of Hurricanes
on the darting speed craft which the
Germans use to attack Channel con-
voys left one of the boats in flames
and another smoking, the pilots re-
'ported. Part of the crew of a third
German boat was said to have been
shot off deck and into the sea by
the rapid-fire 20 mm. cannon.
Other British warplanes struck at
the occupied French coast through a
bank of Channel mist tonight in con-
tinuing raids on the Boulogne and
Calais areas.
'Dem Brooklyn Bums'
Claim Army Attention
REYKJAVIK Iceland, Sept. 29.-
(delayed)-()-The fame of "them
bums" the Brooklyn Dodgers has
traveled with the U.S. Army to Ice-
The first interest of the newly-
arrived American soldiers after work-
inffti, n ft,. Ainu in t+hn rain ,nlna A..

peace and declared such freedom
could be enforced only by joint lead-
,.rship of the Unitel States anal Great
"It is the hope of the world," he
said, "that sea powersfor the next
hundred years, at least, -will reside
in the hands of the two great nations
which now possess that power, the
United States and Great Britain.
U.S. Re pledges
Aid To Russia
In Soviet Pact
MOSCOW, Thursday, Oct. 2.--0P)
-The United States and Great Brit-
ain agreed to fill virtually every So-
viet need for war supplies in ex-,
change for mountains of Russian raw
materials at the concluding session
last night of the Three-PowerConk.
The conference closed two days
ahead Of schedule after only three
days of sessions-probably the short-
est international council of such di-
mensions ever held. A communique
issued by the British and American
delegations and one by Russia an-
nounced its results.
For the United States and Great
Britain, W. Averill Harriman and
Lord Beaverbrook promised:
"To 'place at the disposal of the
Soviet government practically every
requirement for which the Soviet
military and civil authorities have
In return, said the communique is-
sued by Harriman and Lord Beaver-
brook, "The Soviet Government has
supplied Great Britain and the
United States -with large- quantities
of raw materials urgently required
in those countries."
' Arrangements were said to have
been made to "increase the volu'me of
traffic in all directions."
The United States-British com-
munique declared Premier Stalin
"expresses his thanks to the United
States and Great Britain for their
bountiful supplies of raw materials,
machine tools and munitions of war''
and acknowledged "the ample supply
of Russian raw materials from the
Soviet Government."

Heavily Aripored
Makes Iceland
Atlantic Defense


Win First
Game, 3=2
Red Ruffing Pitches Sixth
World Series Victory;
Gordon Hits Home Run
New Yorkers Hold
DodgersTo 6 Hits
Oct. l-(AP)-The New York Yankees
harnessed pitching and power today
to turn back the Brooklyn Dodgers
3 to 2 before a record crowd of 68,540
and send the World Seres off to a
spectacular start.
It was a glorious triumph for Char-
ley (Red) Ruffing, 36-year-old vet..
eran of 17 years in the American
League and it was a perfect day at
the plate for Joe (Flash) Gordon, and
most of all it was an impressive dis-
play of team coordination.
Ruffing hurled no-hit ball for 4 2/3
innings and suppressed the danger-
ous Dodgers on six safeties, all of
them singles except one. ThM big,
powerfully framed righthander had
a few lapses in the late innings, pos-
sibly symptoms of age, but he never
lost control of the, game and the
sixth victory of his extended career
in, these classics of baseball was one
of his finest.
Gordon Hits Homer
Giordon hit a home run to shoot the
Yanks out in iront in the second in-
ning and then drove in the deciding
counter with a single in the sixth.
The Yankees also were held to six
hits by Curt Davis ald two other
Bropklyn pitchers, but only some in--
comparable fielding by the Dodge's
kept this check on the Bombers.
Joe (Muscles) Medwick robbed
Jolting Joe DiMaggio of an almost
certain home run in the fourth by
making one of the greatest and most
difficult catches ever seen in a World
Series. DiMaggio drove a whistlhg
liner straight for the lower Stands
in left field and Medwick backed up
against the four-foot wall Just in
time to spear the ball with a mighWy
leap. He was leaning backward over
the wall when he made the catch
and he tumbled down on the field
holding the white ball visible all the
while in his outstretched glove.
Dickey Poles Double
In making the catch Medwick
bruised his back slightly.
This catch was not sufficient to'
keep the Yankees from scoring in the
fourth frame, however, because Davis
,promptly walker} Charley Keller anyd
Bill Dickey brought him all the w
home . ith a tremendous double th
bounce off the railing of the cen-
terfield bleachers 400 feet from the
plate. Gordon was purposely passed
then and also waited out a walk in
the eighth inning to keep his slate
clean for the gameh
Gordon's single that pushed the
winning run home in the sixth also
was the blow that. drove Davis of*
the mound.
Charley Keller drew a walk after
ofle was out and went to third on a
single by Dickey. Aut Davis had a
chance to escape until Gordon
(Continued on Page 3)
Ickes Says Fuel
Shortage Is Real;
Disputes Senatrs

REYKJAVII , Iceland. Sept. 17-
(Delayed)-(,T)---A field force of the
United States Army-infantry, ar-
tillery, and engineer, signal, ordnance
and medical units-has arrived here
with vast supplies of equipment and
materials to make this one of the-
most formidable fortresses of the
The Americans brought what their
commander, Maj.-Gen. Charles H.
Bonesteel, called "some interest-
ing equipment"-skis, snowshoes and
Garahd automatic rifles for every
man--to take over camps built by
United States Marines and British
Maj.-Gen. H. 0. Curtis, Com-
mander-in-Chief of the British forces
and general officer commanding the
British troops on the islands, con-
tinues in command of all soldiers, in-
cluding the American contingent.
(The arrival of American naval
and marine forces in Iceland was an-
nounced July 7, although American
officers were- seen there as early as,
mid-May. U. S. Army Air Corps units
also are on the island. On Sept. 25
the arrival in Reykjavik of U. S. Armyf
nurses was disclosed.
General Bonesteel, a lean and
lanky veteran of -the last great war,
told me aboard a transport:
"We are here for hard and serious
business. I want to impress that on
everyone. There is no time for fool-
Chinese Push Japs Back
In Hunan Province Battle
SHANGHAI, Oct. 1.-(1)-Japan-
ese forces in Hunan province are re-
treating in great disorder with heavy
glosses in "a debacle many times worse
than 1939," Chinese military dis-
patches claimed tonight.
Japanese military authorities here
said their troops were withdrawing
from the capital, Changsha, because
they had accomplished their purpose
Pf smashing the Chinese in Hunan.

Oratorical Association To End
Sale Of Lecture Tickets Oct.10

Foreign Student Fall Enrollment
Hits 581, Represents 69 Nations

Reminding lecture-goers that the
season ticket sale for the Oratorical
Association Series closes on Friday,
Oct. 10, twenty days earlier than us-
ual, Prof. Carl G. Brandt ,-business
manager of the Association, said yes-
terday that there are still good seats
left in the $2, $3, and $4 ranges al-
though the early sale has been heavy.
Professor Brandt pointed out that
single admissions will be sold the day
before and the day of each lecture,
but he stressed that large savings
are made by purchasing season tick-
This year's presentations-Maurice
Evans on Oct. 10, Anne O'Hare Mc-
Cormick on Nov. 13, the Quiz Kids on
Nov. 24, Sinclair Lewis and Lewis
Browne on Dec. 2, Lawrence Thaw on
Jan. 14, Quentin Reynolds on Jan.

covered most lectures of the early
period-ethics, .literature, travel, his-
tory, politics, humour, and foreign
affairs-still hold good in high de-
In later days, drama and foreign
correspondents fresh from the scene'
of action have assumed increasing
prominence. Vivid memories have
been left by such men as H. V. Kal-
tenborn, H. R. Knickerbocker and Le-
land Stowe.
And Presidents of the United
States have left their mark. Grover
Cleveland made the speech here
which inaugurated his second cam-
paign for President, and Benjamin
Harrison delivered here his famous
"Porto Rican" address which, excited
the entire nation.
Presidents Woodrow Wilson and,

Foreign student enrollment for the
University's fall session reached 581
yesterday with more than 69 nations!
represented, and included the first
Icelander ever to attend the Univer-
sity of Michigan.
One other new comer to Ann Ar-
bor's foreign colony was also noted1
as the first Mexican in many years
entered the university. Topping the
national totals, compiled by the In-
ternational Center, was Canada with
124 registrants. Chinese students
number 63 with Germany following
with 41, all of whom, however, are
American residents.
Both Turkey and the Philippine

Out of a total of 144 native Eur-
opeans, 138 have already applied for
United States citizenship. One ref-
ugee scholar each is here from both
Turkey and Manchuria.
Regional analysis of registrationj
figures showed that the British Coi-
monwealth of Nations lead all other
districts in total number of students.
with 164, of which 123 are seeking to
become citizens of the United States.
Europe's total of 144 was second.
Notwithstanding the increased
drive for closer Pan-American cul-
tural relations, South America trailed
behind the Far East to finish fourth
in the regional compilations.
There are f64TLatin-Americans reg-

WASHINGTON, Oct. 1--()-Ha
old L. Ickes, Secretary of the Interi
and Petroleum Co-ordinator, hol
disputed today a Senate Committee
conclusion that there is no immifl.i
shortage of petroleum products c
the eastern Seaboard and challeng(
the credibility of some of the test
mony on which the conclusion w
"I have said that there was a shor
age," the peppery Cabinet offic
told the committee investigating t
petroleum situation, "and I mean
I have aliays meant, a shortage
transportation. I still say that the
is a shortage.
"To me, if your reserves have dro
ped, and your replacements ha
dropped, and your transportation I
cilities have been cut 20 per cent
more with prospects for still greal
cuts, and your demand is up 10 or
per cent-to me that means shoe
Price To Give Carillon
Recital Of Folk Song
SThe' seond carillon recital of t.

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