THE MICHIGAN DAILY SUNDAY, JANU
Associited Press Telemats
IRevieiv 1941 Defense Era
LU RORA BCE War that began Dec. 7 with Japanese attacks on Pearl Harbor brought
union pledges to bar strikes until victory, took the sting out of anti-strike
legislation of which Rep. Howard W. Smith's bill was the first, and possibly eliminated "for the dura-
tion" further need for the type of presidential order which on June 9 put thearmy in control (above)
of strikebound North American Aircraft at Los Angeles. Sidney Hillman of O.P.M. asked labor for a
7-day, 168-hour work week in defense plants. A $325,000,000 pay increase averted Dec. 7 railroad strike.
W AY S 0 F WM RFA R FA E Planes, tanks, scout cars and motorcycles advance over
Fort Knox, Ky., hills, to show that Uncle Sam had studied
the Nazi panzer onslaughts-those swift-stabbing attacks coordinating planes and combat cars. In
March Chief of Staff Marshall envisaged 10 armored divisions; now there are five with more soon
to be formed. After war began, draft law was changed: overseas ban was lifted; service is now "for
the duration" plus six months; Congress planned registration of men 18 to 64, widening of draft limits.
REHEA RSAL Like scores of cities, Seattle had raid
adblackout drill' (above) in March,.
little knowing that U.S. would be threatened by Japanese attack
and Axis warfare before 1941 ended. Throughout the nation de-
fense plans were revised in terms of the expected blitzkrieg.
a y.¢. v s ..,. K. : r... ..._....... :.H is s es g r.c e t e d R ep.
N Jeannette Rankin (R-
ON GUARD Growing U.S. alarm over enemies withit Mont.) as she cast only "no'vote
our gates led to: seizure of some 30 AxiF Dec. 8 when congress by 470-1
vessels March 30, including above Italian ships at Newark, N. J. declared war on Japan. She then
Nazi spy trial in Brooklyn where 14 were convicted Dec. 12; ous. waited in this phone booth until
ter of German consuls by July 10; sei ure of French ships, includ- halls cleared. For Axis war decla-
ing the Normandit (tied up in N. Y. since 1939) on Dec. 12. rations, she voted "present."
SH IPS ARM Last-minute letter from F.D.R. Nov. 13
clinchedrepeal of the neutrality act see-
tions that forbade American cargo ships to arm or to enter war
zones, and soon guns swung aboard merchantmen like this at
Hoboken, N. J. F.D.R. cited sinking of American flag vessels, wrote:
"Failure to repeal . . . would cause rejoicing in Axis nations."
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