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January 11, 1942 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-01-11

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, I



A irl u3an 43ttilg

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dropping enrollments, the campus co-ops are
still able to provide good food and living condi-
tiofs at surprisingly low rates, and require only
about five to seven hours of work weekly from
each member. These facts, coupledwith a high
scholastic average on the part of their members
(as determined by a survey last year), are an-
other significant commentary on the services,
the co-ops are rendering.
It is with the hope that that all-too-small
body. of students who really know what the co-
operatives are may be greatly enlarged, that
this is written. .- Irving Jaffe

A3 1

,.. . ~
- -. - ,
gauw, sene w..rsr...n...

Purchasing Units
Need A Dictator.

. .'

Edited and managed by students of the University of
&ichigan under the authority of the Board in Control
f Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
rniversity year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
se for republication of all news dispatches credited to
or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
f republication' of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
econd class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
er $4.00, by mail $5.00.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
lember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42
Editorial Staff

Emile Gelb .
Alvin Dann .
David Lachenbruch
Jay McCormick
Hal Wilson
Arthur Hill
Janet Hiatt
Grace Miller
Virginia Mitchell

. . . Managing Editor
. . .Editorial Director
City Editor
. Associate Editor
. . . Sports Editor
Assistant Sports Editor
. . . Women's Editor
. Assistant Women's Editor
. . . Exchange Editor

oiel H. Huyett
mes B. Collins
wise Carpenter
elyn Wright

Business Staff-
*. . . Business
. . Associate Business
. . Women's Advertising
. Women's Business




The editorials published in The Michigan
" Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Professor Curtis
Will Be Missed.
ITH the unexpected death of Prof.
Heber D. Curtis, director of the
University observatories, both the University
and the nation at large lost ones of their fore-
most astronomers. Among the magnanimous
services which he rendered the University was
his great .interest and assistance in the con-
struction of the present University observatory
at Lake Angelus, as well as his diligence in de-
signing a new large telescope for the University
(lack of funds prohibited construction and in-
These and innumerable other services made
him well deserving of President Ruthven's trib-
ute, "He was one of our most distinguished
scholars and best-loved teachers ... It is rarely
that such scientific abilities 'and admirable per-
s1oal qualities as those of Dr. Curtis are united
in one individual." Other faculty men who had
known and worked with Professor 'Curtis were
equally sorrowed, and the University as a whole
was moved by his death.
Elsewhere in the United States the news
caused less concern. But it must not be for-
gotten that the service which Professor Curtis
rendered the nation-yes, even the whole world
-in the field .of sstonomy was no less impor-
tant than the work which he did for the Univer-
sity. Foremost of his achievemients, even more
important to the advance of astronomy than
his intense study of total eclipses, was the re-
search work he did on spiral nebulae or external
galaxies. Accomplished while he was at the Lick
Observatory in California, the discoveries made
at this time were far in advance of anything
then known of these important heavenly bodies.
Almost -equally important was his work on the
velocities of stars, done while directing an ob-
servatory in Chile.
I T cannot be overemphasized that Professor
Curtis was loved and respected by all who
knew him. Some day the rest of the world, too,
will more fully appreciate the work he has done.
But we already appreciate that work, and deeply
regret the loss of a man who has done so much
for the advancement of the University he loved.
- Charles Thatcher
Democratic Co-Ops
Hold New Significance . .
TANDING as one of the last remain-
ing bulwarks of democracy through-
out the world is the co-operative movement,
given birth by a small band of weavers in Roch-
dale, England. And in still free America, where
cooperatives may continue to flourish, univer-
sity co-op are rapidly proving themselves to be
4 the front ranks of the entire movement.
The twelve cooperative houses at this Univer-'
sity, represented 'collectively by the Intercoop-
erative Council, assume, along with similar
groups all over the globe, a new and vital sig-
nificance as the struggle against tyranny takes
on world-wide proportions. They provide their
members with the now priceless opportunity to
participate in as pure a form of democracy as
exists anywhere. They present the student,
caught at an impressionable age in a whirlpool
of prejudices-and blind hatreds, with an object
lesson in racial, religious and political tolerance.

during war a democracy necessarily
takes on more of a dictatorship aspect than
during time of peace. There has been nb dispute
on this point, the only worry of those who point-
ed it out was the problem of getting back to a
democracy when the war is over.
Thus far the United States has not assumed
a dictatorship form of government to p large
degree, to the applause of many Americans. For
the most part, dictating should not be necessary
this war. The majority of the people are suffi-
ciently aware of the seriousness of the situation
so that drastic and compelling measures are
not needed.
But according'to reports from Washington, a
dictatorship might well be established in cer-
tain branches of the army and navy purchasing
units, not only to facilitate produetion,' but to
see that American soldiers and sailors do not
give up their lives so that army and navy brass-
hats do notgive up their cherished authority.
WHEN OPM began operations, and continuing
up until very recently, the main complaint
against it was that the small business man did
not have a chance, even for sub-contracting.
The dollar-a-year men were accustomed to deal-
ing in large numbers and large plants. The
little man didn't have an opportunity to do any-
thing. Finally, after months of pressure, OPM
has relented enough to give some small manu-
facturers a chance to produce fornational de-
Soon after the war started, a member of OPM
worked out a purchasing plan to include supplies
for 'the army and navy, complete with sub-
contracting and allocations to as many firms as
would make manufacture speedier. This plan
has been rejected absolutely by the brasshats,
it would relieve them of their authority to place
army and navy contracts. They would no longer
have the right to delegate their business where
and to whom they pleased. And the brasshats
are very sensitive about that.
We need a dictatorship in purchasing all sup-
plies, army, navy and civilian. It is more a mat-
ter of concern to the people of America that
their soldiers have the best weapons to fight
with-and plenty of them-than what brass-
hats in the army or navy lose their power of
purchasing. We are not interested in the nice-
ties of tradition and red tape, nor the whims
and fancies of military purchasing units. What
we want, what we need, can best be accom-
plished through the new system of the OPM.
And if the brasshats refuse to see it that way,
then we need a dictator there to enforce effi-
ciency. - Eugene Mandeberg
Latin America
Must Join The War. .
AMERICA, in the broad sense, from
Cape Horn to the Arctic, has a
common stake in World War II. The people of
Argentina, of Peru, of Chile, can no more escape
the disastrous consequences of a defeat for the
United Nations than can any nation within that
3 It took us a long time to learn that our fate
is bound up with that of the other nations
fighting against Hitler. We waited while Ethio-
pia, Manchuria, Central Europe and France
were being overrun. We made half-hearted
efforts to aid those who were fighting our cause,
and even those were bitterly contested by large
portions of our population, Only one thing, an
attack upon our soil, brought us the full realiza-
tion of our peril. It took bombs and fire and
dead men to unite our nation.
The attack on Pearl Harbor cleared the cob-'
webs from our brains. It made clear to us that
this, was not "just another one of Europe's
wars." It made strikingly evident the fact that
no nation can set itself off from the rest of the
world, and that no conflct, no matter how re-
mote it might seem, can be isolated.
LATIN AMERICA must learn this lesson. The
actions of major portions of the Latin Aier-
icas are reminiscent of our own evasive policies
previous to the awakening on December Sev-
enth. They have declared their solidarity with
us, and according to all reports their people are
overwhelmingly on our side.
It all sounds so familiar. The terms are the
same: non-belligerence, solidarity, sympathy,

admiration, aid-short-of-war. These are not
enough. They were not enough when they were
our slogans and will not be enough in the case
of Latin America. Its peoples are being defended
no less than are our own by the fight which we
are waging, and no less than we ourselves were
defended at the English Channel and on the
cold plains of Moscow.I
Will Latin America take its place in the ranks
of the United Nations? Several of the Central
American and Caribbean states have already
done so. Given clearness of vision, an attribute
which we could not claim for ourselves in the
past, the rest of them would follow.
)N JANUARY 15 the nations will meet in Rio
de Janeiro at a conference of all the foreign
ministers of the Western Hemisphere. They will
meet there in order to revise those plans which
were drawn up for hemispheric solidarity (i.e.
defense) at past meetings. That this conference
.r of a nrl-- ithnrm.nnP a mv hP en nin

" s
Domfinic Says
"WE ASSUME that there are certain values
which belong to the world, as such, and
what we want is to line ourselves with them.
We assume that the individual brings his own
life in line with this purpose." Those are words
from the lectures of the late George Herbert
Mead of Chicago (The Act, page 477). If in the
promotion of the war, we succeed in accepting
the emergency as an outgrowth of the good will
of all the people, our morale will amount to a
civic religion.
The religious citizen has at least three defi-
nite contributions to make. At times these will
oppose each other but at other times all three
will work together. (1) He has faith and can
act. He identifies his group's conduct and then
his nation's purpose with God's wish. He gets
his satisfaction not from some far off social re-
sult such as an economic order in which justice
for all prevails, but in subjective obedience. His
vindication is in God who is above the world
and beyond earthly affairs. Every "all out" cru-
sade tends to become religious in this sense.
(2) The religious man understands group will.
If he conceives of salvation as the act of being
saved from a worse case and can identify the
enemy with that worse case-then he can work
with abandon. We are saving mankind, he says.
Hence, to postpone college training, to give up
fast driving, to pay taxes, to enlist in the Navy
and to risk life is simple. The demand is slight
and, combined with the thrill of performance
on a vast scale, is pleasant. He comes to con-
ceive of his leader or of himself as a savior. Dur-
ing enlistment or while engaged in national de-
fense, he is apt to rise above the personal, sec-
ondary, private trifles of peace time, learn how
to cooperate in a high cause and get a taste
of social good.
(3) The religious man is always seeing far
and including all. This devotee of a high and
universal religion lives not in time but in eter-
nity. He is disturbed by news of 10,000 killed,
or 700 refugees afloat with no port of entry. To
this man the enemy boys who bomb, as only
demons should, are just as much God's children
as those brave lads of our own who take it and
give back blow for blow. For him the end of
life is a lofty, lovable culture. He holds that men
start life as they find it on a human level and
work to attain Godlikeness, a higher plateau of
good; and he is compelled to ask about the
means.which we are using to that end.
EVERY INTELLECTUAL should hold in mind
that one of the freedoms we are promoting
is religious freedom. This third aspect of faith
,is not readily resolved in a war. Military officers,
engineers, executives and other men of action
who are'called to lead in an emergency are often
unable to understand these men of the future.
When the armies bog down and a peace is de-
manded the men of this sensitive mold will be
needed, but just now they are thought to be
Be democratic, and yet how can we fight a
war and also be democratic? Because defense is
like the corpuscles being mobilized to heal a
wound. When the wound is healed the blood flow
will be resumed in a more normal body. Morale
is necessary to keep the social body able to re-
store itself. The man of faith has in his soul the
restorative power. If he can function well right
now while a series of wars girdle the globe he
ultimate purposes more certainly will prevail
and our sick universe will come eventually to
social, ethical and spiritual health.
Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
-a Drew Penarsoi
Robert S.Alle

WASHINGTON-The most important thing to
watch for when the Pearl Harbor investigating
board makes its report is the all-important ques-
tion of responsibility between the Army and
Navy. The mistakes already made cannot be
remedied now.
ent cumbersome system of divided respon-
sibility between the Army and Navy. That must
be remedied if we are to avoid the errors of the
British when their planes failed to coordinate
with land forces in Norway and Crete.
This divided responsibility is an old, old dis-
pute going back for years, and is one of the
reasons advanced by those who favor a separate
Air Corps.
To illustrate the vital importance of this ques-
tion, here are some of the fundamental facts
regarding the defense of Peprl Harbor which
basically must have contributed to the debacle
of December 7.
The Joint Army and Navy Board had ruled
that the Navy was responsible for patrolling the
ocean off Pearl Harbor, and for that matter
off the coasts of the United States and its pos-
sessions. Originally this had been the Army's
job, but after many years of debate, dating back
to the Hoover administration, the decision was
finally given in favor of the Navy's air forces.
FURTHERMORE, the ruling of the Joint
Army-Navy Board was that if the Navy was
not able to cope with an approaching enemy,
it was to notify the Army. And only after a hud-
dle with the Navy, the airplanes of the Army
div f' .-ot- - n+. - iln n ani r

(Continued from Page 2)
January 19, and for the Roth String
Quartet concert in the Second An-
nual Chamber Music Festival, Jan-
uary 23 and 24, are also on sale at
the same office.
The Tuesday evening concert of
recorded music in the Men's Lounge
of the Rackham Building at 8:00
p.m. will be as follows: Shostakovich,
Symphony No. 5 Opus 47, Brahms,
Double Concerto in A Minor for Vio-
lin, Cello and Orchestra.
Events Today
Varsity Glee Club rehearsal at 4:30
today. Part rehearsal for first basses
at 4.
Three sound and colored films on
co-operative living in Palestine, "Col-
lective Adventure," "They Found a
Home," and "A Day in Dgania," will
be presented 'Sunday evening at 8
in the League by Avukah, student
Zionist organization. There is no
charge, and the public is invited.
The Art Cinema League is pleased
to announce that Francis R. Line,
University of Michigan graduate, will
present his colored motion picture
"Circle of Fire," the story of the
Hawaiian Islands, Dutch East In-
dies, Philippines, and French Indo
China. The film also contains the
last motion pictures to come out of
Japan. Mr. Line will accompany his
film with a lecture. Tickets are
available at Wahr's and the League.
The film will be presented at the
RackhamLecture Hall today, at 8:15
Graduate Outing Club meets to-
day, :30 p.m. at the Rackham club-
room, rear west door. In case of cool
weather, there will be skating, sled-
ding, tobogganing, supper.
Phi Eta Sigma "Ensian" picture
at Rentschler's, 319 E-. Huron, at
3:45 today. A meeting at the Union
will follow at 4:45. Prof. Bennett
Weaver will speak.{
Members of the Chinese Students'
Club and members of the Interna-
tional Center and their friends are
invited to an open house in the Far
Eastern Art Room, Alumni Memor-
ial Hall, this eening, from 7:30 to
Coming Events
Mathematics Club will meet Tues-
day, January 13, at 8 p.m., in the
West Conference Room, Rackham
Building. Professor Running will
speak on "A Graphical Solution of
Equations with no more than Four
Complex Roots."
Botanical Journal Club: Tuesday,
January 14, 7:30 p.m., Room N.S.
1139. Reports by:
Edwin Beck, "A review of papers
showing comparisons of the effects
of wounding, of growth hormones,
and of the crown gall organism;"
Vibha Gengradomying, "Interxyl-
ary cork in Artemesia with a refer-
ence to its taxonomic significance;"
Thomas Muzik, "Division in vacu-
olate plant cells. The relative posi-
tion of cell walls in developing plant
Mary Riner, "Experimental studies
on the cultivation of excised anthers
in nutrient solution. The growth fac-
tor requirements of isolated roots."
Please note that the date of the
meeting has been changed to enable
members to attend the lecture by
Dr. Paul Sears on January 13.

"Maybe a sudden stop does wear dawn the tires, but I'm sure
it would have been cheaper!"


. 4\

By Lichly

Le Cercle Francais holds its next
meeting on Tuesday, January 13,
8:00 p.m., at the Michigan League.
Prof. Koella will give an informal
talk on: "Fuite d'Europe en sektem-
bre 1939." French songs. All mem-
bers cordially invited.
Bacteriological Seminar: Subject:
Report of the Annual Meeting of the
Society of American Bacteriologists.
Time: 8 p.m., January "12, 1942
Place: 1564 East Medical Building.
All interested are cordially invited.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
be held in Room 319, West Medical
Building on Tuesday, January 13, at
7:30 p.m. "The Metabolism of Chol-
esterol" will be discussed. All inter-
ested are invited.
Acolytes: Mr. I. Franks, of Detroit,
will present a paper on "Observations
on the Aesthetics of Poetry" Monday,
January 12, at 7:45 p.m. in the East
Conference Room of the Rackham
Building. Everyone interested is wel-
The University Hospital Alumnae
will hold a meeting January 15, 1942,
at 8:00 p.m. at the Michigan League.
Dr. Henry Vaughan of the School
of' Public Health will speak on "The
Place of the Institutional Nurse in
the Defense Program."
Joseph Starobin, of "New Masses,"
will speak on "Offensive in '42" at
8 p.m., Tuesday, January 13, in Room
B, Haven Hall. Sponsred by Karl
Marx Society.
Future Teachers of America meet-
ing Tuesday, January 13, at 4:15
p.m. in the Elementary School Li-
brary. The speaker will be Mrs.
Ofelia Mendoza of Honduras. Mem-
bers and friends are invited to at-
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers will meet Monday at 12:10 p.m.
in the Founders' Room Michigan
Union. Members of all departments
are cordially invited. There will be
a brief talk on "Der Turm als Sym-
bol der Stadt," by Mr. Percival Price.
Faculty Women's' Club. The Mon-
day Evening Drama Group will meet
Monday, January 12, at 7:45 p.m.,
at the Michigan League. This will be
the annual Husbands and Guests
night meeting at which a modern
mystery comedy will be given.
Meeting of the Merit System Com-
mittee Monday in the League at 4 :30.
Faculty Women's Club: The Music
Section will meet Tuesday, January
13th at 8:00 at the home of Mrs.
Wm. D. Revelli, 906 Granger Ave.
The soloist for the evening will be
Burnette Bradley Staebler, accom-
panied by Estelle Titiev.
Junior Girls' Play: Men students
interested in playing in an orchestra
to be formed for this year's JGP
production are asked to attend a
meeting at 3:30 p.m., Tuesday, Jan-
uary 13, in the Michigan League. All
instruments are needed and those
who have had experience playing in
dance bands are especially urged to
come. Only non-union men can be
used. Anyone not able to attend may
call 8967.
Meeting of the Theare-Arts Prop-
erties committee at the League, Mon-
day at 4:45. Attendance is compul-
Fellowship of Reconciliation will

Charles W. Brashares will lead the
discussion on "Prayer.'
Wesley Foundation: Graduate Dis-
cussion group at 6 p.m, Sunday in
Recreation Room. The theme will
be "Religious Challenge in My Chos-
en Vocation." Margaret Baskervill
and Wendell Miles will talk and then
there will be group discussion.
First Methodist Church and Wes-
ley Foundation: Student Class at
9:30 a.m. Prof. Kenneth Hance will
lead the discussion. Morning Wor-
ship at 10:40 o'clock. Dr. C. W.
Brashares will preach on "Modern
Noah." Wesleyan Guild meeting at
6 p.m. Mrs. Chambers, who has been
until the past year a teacher in the
University of Shanghai, will speak on
student life in China. Supper and
fellowship hour following the meet-
First Presbyterian Church: Morn-
ing Worship, 10:45 a.m. "Focusing
Your World," subject of the sermon
by Dr. .Lemon.
Westminster Student Guild, supper
and fellowship hour at 6' o'clock. Dr.
Arthur W. Ratz of Fort Street Pres-
byterian Church of Detroit will be
the speaker of the evening. The sub-
ject will be. "God's World-Order.
What Is It?" All are cordially in-
First Congregational Church: 10:45
a.m. Services in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Dr. Leonard A. Parr, min-
ister, will preach the sermon, "Proph-
ets or 'Yes-Men'?"
5:30 p.m. Ariston League, high
school group, in Pilgrim Hall. Pro-
fessor Preston W. Slosson will talk
on "New Year Prospects." Supper.
7:15 p.m. Student Fellowship in the
church parlors. Professor William A.
Frayer, former Professor of Modern
European History, will speak. His
subject, "The Delusion of Pacifism."
Tuesday, 4 to 5 p.m. The weekly
Congregational student teas will be
resumed by Mrs. Vera Thompson,
Student Director, in Pilgrim Hall. All
students are invited.
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples): 10:45 a.m., Morning Worship,
Rev. Frederick Cowin, Minister.
6:30 p.m., Disciples Guild Sunday
Evening Hour; Miss Hypatia Ycas of
Lithuania, a graduate student at the
University of Michigan, will speak to
the Guild on "A World-Wide Christ-
ian Youth Fellowship." The meeting
will be held at the Guild House, 438
,,Maynard Street, instead of at the
church. A social hour and tea will
follow the program.
The Church of Christ will meet for
Scripture study Sunday, January 11,
in the Y.M.C.A. at 10:00 a.m. The
morning worship will begin at 11:00
a.m., the sermon being "The Changed
Life." The evening service will start
at 7:30 p.m., at which the sermon
subject is to be "Religious Sinners."
The midweek Bible Study will be
Wednesday at 7:30 p.m.. Everyone is
invited to all services.
The First Baptist Church: 512 E.
Huron St. Rev. C. H. Loucks, min-
ister, Mrs. Geil Orcutt associate stu-
dent director.
10:15 a.m. The Church at Study.
Undergraduate class with Mr. Loucks
in the Guild House, 503 E, Huron St.
Graduate class with Professor Leroy
Waterman in the church.
11:00 -a.m. The Church at Wor-
6:30 p.m. Roger Williams Guild
meeting at the Guild House. Rabbi
Jehudah M. Cohen will speak on
"Worship in Judaism."
Trinity Lutheran Church: William
Street at Fifth Avenue. Church woi-
ship service, 10:30. Sermon by Car-
olus P. Harry, secretary of the Board
of Education of the United Lutheran
Zion Lutheran Church: E. Wash-
ington at Fifth Avenue. Church wor-

ship services, 10:30. Sermon by Vicar
Clement Shoemaker.
The Lutheran Student -Association
will hold its regular supper hour at
5:30 and its forum hour at 7:00 Sun-
day evening at Zion Parish Hall, 309
E. Washington Street. Dr. Carolus
P. Harry, secretary of the Board of
Education of the United Lutheran
Church, will be the speaker.
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
409 S. Division St., Sunday morning
service at 10:30. Subject: Sacrament
Sunday School at 11:45.
Episcopal Students: Professor
Throop of the history department
will be the speaker at the meeting of
the Episcopal Student Guild at-7:00
p.m. Sunday in Harris Hall. Con-
pline, refreshments and games. All
students invited.
Unitarian Church: 11 a.m. Church
Service-Mr. Marley will speaks on
"Apocalypse-1942 Style."
7:30 p.m. Liberal Students' Union
-Dr. Edward Blakeman, Counsellor
of Religion will speak on "Christian
Citizenship-some Immediate Prob-
9 o'clock Coffee Hour.
The Unity Meetings which have
previously been held in the League,
will meet in the Students' Reading
Rooms, 310 S. State St., Room 31, at
7:30 Monday evenings.
The Michigan Christian Fellow-




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