The State Department=-
Appeasement's Last Fol...
VOL. LII. No. 72, ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 7, 1942 Z-323
PRICE FIVE CENTS
As Japs Flee
Changsha Assault Halted
With Heaviest Losses.
- Of War To Invaders
CRUNGKING, Wed. Jan. 7.-IA'>)-
The Chinese announced officially to-
day that 7,000 more casualties were
inflicted upon remnants of Japanese
forces on the Changsha front but
that some of the invaders had broken
out of a Chinese trap northeast of
the Hunan Province capital and were
These new losses were declared in-
flicted yesterday after 30,000 Japa-
lese casualties already had been
counted in this Japanese disaster ri-
valling any the Nipponese have suf-.
fered in 42 years of war in China.
Many Prisoners Taken
Besides the dead and wounded,
many prisoners were reported taken
among what was left 'of the force of
between 70,000 and 100,000 used by
the Japanese in their third costly and
futile effort tc, take Changsha,, rich
rice and silk center.
The official announcement said
the badly-beaten invaders crossed the
Laotao River in their northward re-
treat and that many were mowed
down by Chinese troops lying in wait
on the stream's north bank.
A Chinese spokesman yesterday
said there were some 40,000 Japanese
trapped on the plains between the
Laotao and Liuyang rivers, but there
was no definite figure today on just
how many got away.
Only a few of them, he said, prob-
ably would be able to escape to join
the remnants of the original attack-
ing army said to be retreating rapidly
toward their base at Yochow, 100
miles north of Changsha.
(An official broadcast from Tokyo,.
recorded by the Associated Press, de-
clared today Japanese forces had oc-
Tlie Chinese spokesman said the
Japanesq offensive collapsed largly
because they were unable to move
heavy armam nts across swampy rice
fields south o the Milo River.
(A Reuters dispatch 'from Chung-
king reported heavy rains had turned
the battlefield north of Changsha
into a sea of mud, further hampering
Japanese efforts to crack the Chinese
ring. Fighting raged at close quar-
ters, with the Japanese beaten back
in attempts to cross the two rivers.)
SINGAPORE, Jan. 6.-W)-Japa-
nese troops were less than an hour's
flight from Singapore tonight after
seizing Kuantan Airport in eastern
Malaya 190 miles away, and pene-
trating Selangor State in the west]
some 240 miles distant.
The British acknowledged with-
drawals in both areas and this vitalf
allied naval base braced itself for
expected heavier Japanese air at-
In the land fighting' the Japanese
drives appeared to have lost momen-
tum. A military spokesmain, without
identifying the areas of operation,
declared British troops were "under-
taking local offensives with most sat-
isfactory results," and that "the en-
emy's firing power is inferior to that
of the British."
Campus Leaders Meet
To Set !p War Plans
Newly Formcd'Committee Of 1942' ToDistribute
Defense Questionnaires To All University Men
Roosevelt Outlines Breathtaking
Proving that University students
are determined to play an important
part in the national war effort, fifty-
two campus leaders met yesterday to
take the first positive step in a per-
manent program based upon united
The first activity of the group-
which has been named the Com-
mittee of 1942-will be the distribu-
tion of a detailed questionnaire to
more than 7,500 men students. Part
uof an official University survey, the
questionnaire is intended to deter-
mine student abilities and interests
which enable them to play a more
effective and efficient part in the
war effort, whether they remain in
school or enter the armed forces.
Careful Answers Required
Emphasizing the importance of the
survey, Robert Sibley, '42, chairman
of the committee, asked that every
male student make sure that he an-
swers all the questions carefully and
He pointed out that nothing which
is said will place any obligation for
future action uron theh individual,
but will, rather, aid everyone in ob-
taining during the emergency that
work for which they are most fitted.
Distribution of the questionnaires
will begin tomorrow morning and
will continue for several days. Pro-
fessional students are to receive them
through the deans of the respective
schools. The rest of the campus will
be reacled through fraternities,
dorms, cooperatives and at special
tables set up in central campus lo-
Dean Joseph Bursley has announ-
ced that the University will rely upon
results of the survey to determine
what new courses to include on the
curriculum next semester.
For instance, the students are
asked to indicate if they would like
to 'take credit courses in topics like
Principles of Coastal and Geodetic
Surveying, Maintenance and Repair
of Telephone and Telegraph, Radio
Operation, Field Fortification and
others. None of these are now on
the curriculum, but if enough stu-
dents evidence interest in any one
of them, that course will be offered
The Committee of 1942 is com-
posed largely of the heads of campus
To Be Shownv
By Art Cinema
"Circle of Fire," a colored motion
picture of the nations dominating the
Pacific-"inside Japan," close-ups of
Shanghai, Hongkong and Singapore,
America's vital defenses in Hawaii-
will be shown with a lecture accom-
paniment at 8:15 p.m. Sunday in the
Rackham Auditorium by the Art Cin-
To produce this film and lecture,
Francis R. Line, a University grad-
uate, spent five months in the Orient
in the summer and fall of 1940 and
travelled 25,000 miles-by clipper,
auto, horse, and steamer-to virtu-
ally every "hot spot" in the Far East.
"Circle of Fire" contains the last
professional colored motion pictures
to come out of Japan and full pic-
tures of Java, center of life in the
Dutch East Indies, the Philippines
Tickets are on sale at the League
and a State Street bookstore.
organizations and is based upon the
close collaboration of all organiza-
tions and all students on the entire
At the meeting yesterday the 52
initial members of the committee
pledged themselves to an "all out"
effort. They placed themselves and
their organization at the service of
the committee in its job of making
the University an integral cog in the
Other activities are to be begun
immediately. An intensified defense
stamp and bond sale is contemplated
for the near future and the estab-
lishment of a "blood bank" in co-
operation with the University Hos-
pital is also being discussed.
Army Retakes Positions,
Kills 10,000 Germans
During Last Five Days
(By Tihe Associated Press)
MOSCOW, Wed. Jan. 7.-The Red
Army has retaken 572 villages and
killed 10,000 Germans in five days,
and the big counter-offensive still is
rolling westward, the Soviets an-
Vast quantities of war booty were
sized from the retreating Nazis.
Russian naval forces also an-
nounced the sinking of three enemy
transports, one of them a troopship,
in the Brents Sea in the arctic.
The post-midnight communique
reported two German planes were
shot down yesterday in the Moscow
area, and 14 the day before on the
western front. The Soviets said they
lost six planes.
The Kerch Peninsula in the Cri-
mea, across the strait from the
southern Caucasus, was now wholly
cut off by Russian troops which
turned northward from Feodosiya on
the peninsula's Black Sea coast and
drew a line which reached the Sea
of Azov on the peninsula's northern
Detachments from the besieged
Soviet naval base at Sevastopol, in
the southwestern Crimea, simultan-
eously burst out, smashed a series of
German outposts and fortifications
and, in cooperation with the Soviet
Black Sea fleet, put under heavy as-
sault German columns seeking to
withdraw from the Sevastopol area
to go to the aid of the imperilled
Nazi forces on Kerch.
The new success beyond Tim again
extended the width of a vast thrust
apparently converging on the Rzhev-
Mozhaisk-Bryansk and Smolensk
quadrangle with Vyazama at its cen-
Scores Petain Tctics
VICHY, Unoccupied France, Jan.
6.-VP)-German troops may seize
French North Africa unless Marshal
Petain's government quits its alleged
flirting with the United States and
swings closer to the Reich, the Nazi-
controlled Paris newspaper Nouveaux
Temps said tonight.
This sensational article, signed by
Jean Luchaire, also warned that Ger-
many might take territorial moves
in metropolitan France which would
forever partition the country.
As one of the ways in which Ger-
many might be "led" into Africa, Lu-
chaire raised the possibility of a
"desperate adventure against Ger-
many" by the French in Africa them-
selves under a plan which he attribu-
ted to the United States.
This was the second anti-Vichy
outburst in as many days. Marcel
Deat, another prominent French col-
laborationist, yesterday accused the
Petain government of stalling off the
Germans while hoping for an allied
Detroit Fixes Increased
Penalties On Tire Thefts
DETROIT. Jan. 6. -(.4') Drastic
JapNaval Losses Are Announced
War Depairtment Report
Indicates Reavy Blow
By American Bombers
U.S. Planes Active
In Philippine Area
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6.-(A)-The
Army's aerial slash at Japanese naval
forces in southern Philippine waters
took on the proportions of a major
victory today when the War Depart-'
ment announced more than one de-
stroyer was probably sunk and that
other vessels appeared to have suf-
fered "extensive damage."
The victory list for the raid had
already included a destroyer certain-
ly sunk, and three direct hits on a
battleship, so today's supplementary
report emphasized that a heavy blow
had been dealt the Japanese.
The communique disclosed for the
the first time that the target of
Army bombers near Davao, on the
southeastern island of Mindanao yes-
terday, was a strong flotilla consist-
ing of a battleship, five cruisers, six
destroyers, twelve submarines and
Seven Planes liit
The/urther details on the sea-air
fight were announced less than eight
hours after a report the defenders
of the island of Luzon, squeezed but
still hitting back on all sides, had
fought through a four-hour air at-
tack by a half-hundred bombers and
hit at least seven enemy planes, The
Japanese air raid was concentrated
on the fortifications of Mariveles,
across Manila Bay from the capital
city, and Corregidor. Island, guard-
ing the entrance to the bay.
In the same communique in which
it recorded the new Japanese naval
loss, the War Department said Gen-
eral Douglas MacArthur, Far East
commander, reported Japanese oc-
cupying Manila brought with them
clever imitations of the paper money
of the Philippine Commonwealth.
Japanese troops in the capital "are
circulating large quantities of paper
money in various* denominations,"
the War Department said, citing the
influx of money as "further proof
of the long-range preparation of
In the fight against planes at-
tacking Mariveles and Corregidor,
anti-aircraft gunners kept up a not-
able record of accuracy. The raid-
ers, kept high by the bursts, caused
only "light" damage and few casuaN
ties, the morning commniique said.
Nation's Leaders Offer United
Support T PresidentW hI Plan
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6.-(P)-"O.K., Mr. President, we'll do it!" was
the prompt and unanimous reaction of industrial and governmental
officials today to President Roosevelt's call for the production of 60,000
planes, 45,000 tanks, 20,000 anti-aircraft guns and 8,000,000 deadweight
tons of ships this year.
But most industrialists, while accepting the challenge enthusiastically,
emphasized they would have to be assured of the necessary raw mater-
ials to guarantee delivery of the finished goods; and some mentioned
adequate tools and cooperation of labor as well.
"It would seem that before the Government could determine whether
or not they could receive that number of airplanes it would be necessary
to make a survey of material sources," observed Glenn L. Martin.
In Congress, which must vote the appropriations and the taxes, both
Democrats and Republicans applauded the vast production goals and
other phases of the President's message on the State of the Union.
Wendell L. Willkie recommended, however, that the President re-
vamp his administrative organization and declared flatly that the goals
could not be realized under the present setup.
"It is a magnificent program," said the 1940 Republican presidential
nominee in New York. "It is to be hoped that he immediately reorganizes
his government and policies to the end that these accomplishments may
be made possible. They cannot be brought about by his present organi-
zation and administrative methods.'
Abroad, the President's references to sending American armed forces
to fight in any quarter of the globe also attracted attention. British
observers in London who have been predicted a direct offensive against
Germany saw it as "cinched" now.
To Meet Here
For War Plan
Sigma Rho Tau Convenes
Tonorrow Il Union;
Members of the University chap-
ter of Sigma Rho Tau, national hon-
orary engineering speech society, will
be hosts to student delegates from
four other engineering colleges in
this vicinity at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow in
the Union when the organization
holds its annual national committee
meeting to make plans for the com-
Realizing the importance of the
present war and the role it is play-
ing in the nation's engineering col-
leges, the stump speakers' society will
attempt to determine its proper place
in the defense program at the meet-
ing. It is expected that full cooper-
ation will be pledged to the National
Also scheduled for the evening is
,a discussion of a suitable topic for
U.S. Planes Actire inter-chapter debates next semes-
In Philippine Areai ter. This semester the chapters have
been debating the advisability of in-
TOKYO, Jan, 6.--(Official broad- coi'porating labor unions.
cast recorded by AP-A Domei dis- Schools participating will be the
patch from Philippine headquarters University, Wayne University, De-
today reported United tates aircraft troit Institute of 'echnology, Uni-
still active in that theater of war versity of Detroit and University of
. - ,.. , . l Toledo.
Staffs Will Be Enrolled!
For Defense Effort
Civilian volunteer defense registra-
tion for Ann Arbor residents and
University staff members will open
at 2 p.m. today in the Armory head-
quarters of the local volunteer office.
For four days trained registrars
will record applicants' special abili-
ties, physical qualifications, and
training preferences in order to place
civilians where their services are most
Under the direction of the Civil-
ian Defense Volunteer Office, appli-
cants will fill out cards to set up an
occupational classification structure
for emergency purposes. Such tfields
as first aid,, home nursing, occupa-
tional therapy, transportation, and,
home economics are included in the
organization's immediate plans.
Although registration for auxiliary
police and fire department forces has
already opened, men will have an ad-
ditional opportunity to enroll in these
services with the CDVO this week.
Their cards will be turned over to
police and fire chiefs for volunteer
training and assignments.
Ann Arbor's civilian registration
program is under the chairmanship
of Mrs. Theophile Raphael with John
F. Moore of the Council of Social
Agencies temporarily serving as di-
Nearly every trade and occupation,
from machine operation to radio-
script writing, is represented in the
volunteer services. Civilian morale
preparation is a major part of the
CDVO's work, and entertainers are
needed as much as demolition crews.
Both the business man and the
farmer are also included in the
CDVO list of needed occupations. De-
fense garden project instruction and'
community managerial work would
be among phe tasks that could be per- 1
formed by these groups.
In addition to its immediate prep-
aration, the CDVO will also classify
(Continued on Page 5)
Senate Will Debate
Price Control Bill
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6.-MP-The
touchy question of who should apply
wartime curbs to farm prices split
the Senate today as it prepared to
open debate tomorrow on the broad
price control measure.
The Senate farm bloc, underkthe
leadership of Senator Bankhead
Of Arms Planned
In Victory Effort
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6. -()- A
breathtakingly mammoth arms pro-
duction, Americanforces fighting on
many fronts, and an eventual hard-
hitting attack upon the enemy's own
territory were woven into a unified
war plan by President Roosevelt to-
day and presented to an enthusias-
tically receptive Congress.
\All this, the President told a joint
session of the National Legislature,
must lead inevitably to "total vic-
tory"-the "militarists of Berlin and
Tokyo started this war, but the
massed, angered forces of common
humanity will finish it."
There were gasps and whistles of'
amazement from some members of
Congress as he outlined the arms
This year 60,000 planes; next year
This year 45,000 tanks; next year
This year 20,000 anti-aircraft guns;
next year 35,000.
This year 8,000,000 tons of ship-
ping; next year 10,000,000.
"These figures," said the President,
"and similar figures for a multitude
of other implements of war will give
the Japanese- and Nazis a little idea
of just what they acqomplished in
the attack at Pearl Harbor."
And as a thunderous outburst of
applause subsided, he departed from
his prepared text to ad lib:
"And I rather hope all these figures
I have given will become conmon
knowledge in Germany and Japan."
The President indicated the size of
the war program had been increased
since he talked about it to reporters
last Tuesday. At that time he said
the aim was to spend in the fiscal
year beginning next July about half
the estimated national income of
$100,000,000,000. Today he estimat-
ed the expenditures at $56,000,000,-
000, or considerably more than half.
Behind such a great productive
effort, he said, was the purpose not
of providing a "slightly superior sup-
ply of munitions," but a superiority
"so overwhelming that the Axis na-
tions can never hope to catch up
This great store of weapons is to
supply not only the forces of the
United States, but of all the nations
with which it is allied, and he re-
patedly emphasized that the United
States is fighting on the "same side"
with the British, the Russians, the
Dutch, the Chinese and the exiled
governments of the invaded coun-
'Hit The Enemy'
To "hit" the enemy and "hit him
again wherever and whenever we
can reach him," to "eep him far
from our shores, for We intend to
bring this battle to him on his own
ground," it was necessary not only
that these arms be produced, but that
American expeditionary forces join
in the battle wherever they can help.
Thus, he foresaw American forces
soon in action at "many points in the
Far East," on "all the oceans," tak-
ing "stations in theI British Isles,-
and protecting this hemisphere and
bases outside the hemisphere "which
could be used for an attack on the
Congress took it all at one enthusi-
astic gulp. Again and again it in-
terrup ted his remarks with loud and
prolonged outbursts of handclapping
The President was grave and no-
ticeably subdued and restrained in
his delivery. There were no smiles.
Toward the end-it was perhaps the
longest speech he has made before
Congress-he lowered his voice, and
by contrast with his usual peroration,
reduced his tone to one virtually of
His hearers were grave, too, and
neither for them was it an occasion
for laughter. They sat tight-lipped
and intent as Mr. Rnoevlt snnke.
The Car Dealers' Last Standf
Reuther To Inspect Factories
For Idle Auto Machine Tools
The dispatch said a single fighter
of,. the Curtiss P-40 type was shot
down by anti-aircraft fire wren it at-
tacked a Japanese position.
The Japanese reported heavy at-
tacks by bombers on Mariveles, on
the mainland behind Corregidor, the
village of Limay and Balanga on the
Batan peninsula and Subic bay. Ten
ships and 146 trucks were declared
destroyed in raids since Friday.
Domei's reports from Malaya said
Japanese troops occupied Kuantan
airdrome, 190 miles north of Singa-
pore, the night of Jan. 3 after rout-
ing a force of 1,000 Austialians in a
night attack. The airport is about
four miles south of Kuantan.
Japanese dispatches said 550 pris-
oners were captured, along with 70
motor trucks and some of their eight
heavy guns, eight morta -s and light
Ruthven Kills Rumors-
Of Short School Year
Old Dame Rumor and President
Ruthven almost came to blows again
yesterday as the latter was called
upon to squelch the most recent ru-
mor rampage to hit the campus.
Ruthven emphatically denied that
any official University action has as
Prof, Ferdinand N. Menefee of the
engineering drawing department was
scheduled to speak at a regular meet-
ing of the University chapter last
night, on the St. Lawrence Water-
way Project, but was unable to ap-
In Nazi Party
BERN Switzerland, Jan. 6.--(')-
Reliable information arriving from
Germany indicated today Adolf Hit-
ler's brown shirted storm troop( s8
no longer plan an important role in
the Nazi party and may soon cease
to function altogether.
The organization, called the S. A.
(Sturm Abteilung) has always borne
the brunt of the party's heavy work
since early days. It was said to be
slipping since shortly after the be-
ginning of the campaign against
The first indication came when the
organization's newspaper, Die S. A.,
ceased publication in August with no
official explanation. Members who
inquired were told simply the action
was taken because of a paper short-'
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6.--(P)--The
War Department sent Walter P. Reu-
ther, CIO automobile union leader,
and an army officer on a tour of
armaments plants today to see where
idle automobile machine tools may
be put to use with best advantage.
Reuther: won attention a year ago
by insisting unused machine tools in
automobile factories could be utilized
to turn out 500 warplanes a day.
Accompanying him on the tour isl
Lieutenant Colonel A. Robert Gins-
burgh of thie office of Robert P. Pat-
terson, Undersecretary of War.
Among other places they will visit are
the Mack Truck Company's plant at
000 retail automobile dealers flocked
to Washington to find out what their
future is under the government or-
ders freezing the sale of cars and
trucks pending the establishment of
a rationing system.
Saying the dealers are confronted
with ruin, the National Automobile
Dealers Association proposed among
That any automobiles or trucks
produced, except those designed es,
pecially for military service, be hand-
led through dealers.
That all cars requisitioned or pur-
chased by the government from deal-
ers be purchased at full list price.