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December 17, 1941 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1941-12-17

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WT ea heir
(londy with Snow.

'12

Sic igun

4:3,dig"itg

Editorial
Lastinig Peace Amears
Using-Polie Pow er

VOL. LII. No, 68 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FI'VE CENTS

Japanese Threaten
Base At Singapore;
Iongkong In Peril

Northern Mplaya Situation
Endangered By Large
British Naval Losses
Raiders Continue
Attack On Manila
(By The Assoc Ated Press)
LONDON, Dec. 16.-A powerful
Japanese drive in northern Malaya
and Britain's lack of naval superior-
ity have created a serious threat to
Singapore, an informed source said
tonight, and commentators simultan-
eously warned the public to be pre-
pared for the fall of besieged Hong-
kong.
British and Indian troops fought
to stop a Japanese mechanized pene-
tration into the lower part) of Kedah
State in northwestern Malaya, where
the Japanese gained 40 or 50 miles.
On the eastern side of the Peninsula
the Japanese apparently were being
held south of Kota Bharu.
Although Singapore still is some
400 miles from the nearest\ Japanese
spearhead, an informed source said:
"British lack of naval superiority
has changed the entire situation in
northern Malaya. The British land
defense was planned on the basis of
naval superiority, but both the Bri-
tish 'and United States fleets have
suffered hard blows.
"Now the naval situation has al-
lowed the Japanese to develop an of-
fensive on a large scale. There def-
initely is danger-a real threat, to
Singapore by land."
Far up'the Chinese coast the Hong-
kong colony was reported under
heavy Japanese air and artillery
bombardment. Japanese guns poured
shells into the colony from the main-
land only a mile away, and the
Hongkong garrison was said to lack
supplies and munitions for a long
siege.
Raiders Continue.
Attack On Manila
MANILA, Dec. 16-VP)-The Jap-
anese invaders, apparently hiving
been fought to a standstill in thes
first -phase of their thrust at the
staunch island of Luzon, returned to
the attack today only by air-with a
raid on the Olongapo naval base
northwest of Manila Bay.
The headquarters of Lieutenant
General Douglas MacArthur, the
American commander-in-chief, re-
ported no new Japanese efforts ei-
ther to seize new beach hearls or to
streigthen their hard-won aid costly
positions about Vigan and Aparri, in
the northwest and northeast of the
island, and Legaspi in the extreme
southeast.
"No change in the situation on the
ground," said the succinct afternoon.
communique.
The-supposition in unofficial quar-
ters was that the assailant was rest-
ing his aerial forces, repairing his
planes and attempting to poise new
(Continued on Page 2)

Tventieth-Century
Odyssey ... By AP
BUENOS AIRES, Dec. 16.-)-
Argentine press dispatches from
Berlin, quoting a Japanese mili-
tary spokesman in Shanghai, said
today the Japanese had landed
tanks and other reinforcements on
the eastern shore of the Malay
Peninsula.
Goodfellows
Edge Toward
Collection Goal
Drive Nears $650 Mark
As Final Returns Come
From Organized Houses
Returns from the seventh annual
Goodfellow drive crept hesitantly to-
ward the $650 mark yesterday as a
slow trickle of contributions from
fraternities and sororities kept alive
the hope that the drive might yet
reach the $759 return of last year.
With over $100 yet to go, drive
chairmen laid the issue squarely be-
fore campus fraternities, sororities
and cooperative'houses, as it is only
the lack of cooperation and a "re-
grettable disinterest" on the part of
these groups which keeps success be-
yond leach.
"Those' houses which, either
through negligence or out-right re-
fusal to cooperate, won't give their
support are evidently ignoring the
fact that although the suffering of
war is, still relatively localized, the
suffering of penury is universal; and
Ann Arbor is certainly no exception,"
they declared.
No blanme can be laid to street
sales, as the income from that source
this year actually netted more than
last year.
Added to the contributors' honor
roll yesterday were Delta Gamma, Pi
Lambda Phi, Sigma Clhi, Triangle and
Zeta Beta Tau. Other earlier con-
tributors were:
Alpha Gamma Delta, Alpha Omi-
cron Pi, Alpha Phi, Alpha Tau Ome-
ga, Chi Omega, Chi Psi, Delta Delta
Delta, Kappa Alpha Theta, Ka"pa
Nu, Kappa Sigma, Katherine Pick-
erell Cooperative, Lincoln Coopera-
tive, Muriel Lester Cooperative, Phi
Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta, Phi
Kappa Psi, Phi Sigma Delta, Phi Sig-
ma Sigma, Pi Beta Phi, Rochdale Co-
operative, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Sig-
ma Nu, Theta Xiand Zeta Tau Al-
pha.
Still unreported were over 50
houses on campus.
No Priority On Politics
LANSING, Dec. 16.-(P)-Contro-
versial issues, unless concerned with
the national defense problem, will be
kept from the floor of .a forthcoming
special session of the legislature, Gov-
ernor Van Wagoner pledged today.

FDR Granted
New Powers
Of Censorship
Selects Price As ' Director
Of New Set-Up; Walker
Reveals Mail Inspection
House, Senate Pass
Bill Simultaneously
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16- (P)-
Vast new powers for President Roose-
velt to prosecute the war were voted
unanimously by Congress Poday and
the Chief Executive announced he
would promptly set up a censorship
to prevent all inforiation of value
from reaching the enemy.
At the same time Postmaster Gen-
eral Walker disclosed that censor-
ship of foreign mail, both outgoing
and incoming, already was under way.
He added that no details of its opera-
tions would be made public for the
present.
, Price To Head Censors
The President told a press confer-
ence that he had selected Byron Price,
executive news editor of the Associa-
ted Press, as Director of Censorship
and that Price, on leave of absence
from the news organizaion, would
take over his duties here as soon as
Congress completes action.
Both Senate and House passed sep-
arate bills almost simultaneously.
They authorize the President not only
to establish censorship, but to re-
distribute government functions, re-
vise defense contracts, and exercise
control over alien financial transac-
tions and an estimated $7,000,000,000
of alien property in the United States.
Since the Senate added a few re-
strictions to its text, a move was on
foot tonight to have the House sub-
stitute the Senate measure for its
own tomorrow so final enactment
might be speeded. The House Judici-
ary Committee will meet tomorrow
to study the parliamentary situation.
To Cover Domestic Publication
Chairm n Van Nuys (Dem.-Ind.)
of the Senate Judiciary Committee, in
charge f the Senate bill, told Sena-
tor Vandenberg (Rep.-Mich.) that
only censorship of outgoing foreign
communications was involved, but
the President said the machinery to
be created would cover domestic pub-
lication of certain information.
The censorship, he said, would be
partly voluntary and partly manda-
tory and would apply to the press,
radio, cables, mail and other medi-
ums.
AFL Extends
Labor Peace
Offer To CO
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16-(P)-The
American Federation of Labor ap-
pealed to the CIO tonight to heal the
breach in the labor movement for the
"common defense of our nation
against mortal danger.d
The peace offer was extended on
the eve of a management-labor con-
ference called by President Roosevelt
to adopt a no-strike policy for the
duration of the war. It was con-
tained in a declaration of war labor
policy; adopted by national AFL of fi-
cers and presidents of varius AFL
unions.
The declaration did not mention
the CIO by name, but expressed "sin-
cer; regret" at the "destructive riv-
alry in organization that has beset
the American labor field for the past

few years."
CIO officials withheld comment,
asserting their position would be out-
lined in a proposal to be submitted to
tomorrow's conference of labor and
industry representatives. The con-
ferees include six members each of the
CIO and the AFL, 12 representatives
of business and two moderators ap-
pointed by President Roosevelt. The
latter are William H. Davis, chair-
man of the National Defense Media-
tion Board, who will preside, and Sen-
ator Elbert Thomas (Dem.-Utah),
chairman of the Senate Labor Com-
mittee.
ON LY !
-4'

Hawaii iBombed Again As Roberts
Is Named To Head Investigation;
Roosevelt Seeks Lower Draft Age

Van Wagoner, RuthvenStress Value
'Of College Training During Wartime

-Daily Photo By Stu Gildart
Gov. Murray D. Van Wagoner who was a freshman at the University at the beginning of World War I,
tells yesterday's war assembly the duties of the student as a participant in the present war effort.

't~6~

* *' *
By HOMER SWANDER
It is just as patriotic to stay
in college and continue essential
training as it is to join the armed
forces, Gov. Murray D. Van Wagoner
advised almost 6,000 students who
crowded into Hill Auditorium yes-
terday in the hope of learning just
what part they should play in the
national war effort.
Agreeing essentially with the six
other speakers on this point, he em-
phasized that it is particularly truel
for scientific, engineering and medi-
cal students.
Individual Choice
All of the speakers, however-es-
pecially President Ruthven-empha-
sized that the problem of enlistment
is one of individual choice.
"You must determine what you can
do best," he told the students. "If
you honestly believe you will be of
more value as a sailor or a soldier at
'the present time, you should, offer
your services at once."
"If, on- the other hand, you believe
education would increase your value
in the struggle, then with no apolo-
gies to anyone, you should remain
in school until you are called."
President Ruthven pointed out. that

After The Assembly:
Student Opinion Still Confused
As To Position In Present War.

By BOB MANTIfO and
HALE CHAMPION
They filled Hill Auditorium yester-
day--those 6,000 students whose val-
ues had been changed by their coun-
try's sudden plunge into all-out war.
They came to have their problems
settled but many left with a solution
still to seek.
At least, such was the reaction
voiced by the average lit school stu-
dent as he emerged from an All-
Campus Assembly designed to clar-
ify the student's position in World
War II
Although they found the speeches
highly informative, most lit students
complained that the conflict between
the civil and military needs of the
nation was not sufficiently high-
lighted.
Typical was the statement of Rich-

in the air forces of both the army and
navy," he declared.
James Vine, '43, summed up the
opinion of most students aproached
when he said: "I'm just as confused
now as I was before the Assembly."
Three freshmen-Stanley Mesirow,
Ralph Roth and Ben Zolo-substan-
tially agreed with Vine. "We're still
wondering what to do," was their
combined opinion.?
Remarking that "lit students fit pe-
culiarly into the present situation,"
senior Bob Weinberg believes "the
Assembly didn't clarify our war-time
status."
Jim Hagen, '45, introduced a new
note by stating that the sum effect
of the speeches had strengthened his
conviction that he should transfer
to the engine school. Only thus, he
felt, could his education become of
some importance in the victory ef-
fort.
Sam Bloom, '4,exemplified those

Col. Brannan
To Leave Post
Head Of ROTC To Rejoin
Atmy During Vacation,
Leaving the University to return to
duty with troops,'Lieut. Col. Francis
M. Brannan w#l1 end more than a
year's servce as Professor of Military
Science and Tactics and chairman of
the ,nilitary department when the
Christmas vacation begins.
Colonel Brannan has been trans-
ferred to the general staff of the 5th
Infantry Division at Fort Custer.
During his tour of. duty at the Uni-
versity the ROTC unit underwent the
severe changes necessary to gear it
to the tempo of defense prepara-
tions and now of war. It was under
his direction as commandant that
the practical aspects of instruction
received the increased emphasis they
now enjoy.
Replacing Colonel Brannan, Col.'
W. A. Ganoe will come from 1st
Army Headquarters at Camden, S.C.
His duties will begin with the re-
turn of the regiment of cadets from

college students have so far been de-
ferred in large numbers because they
"form an important reservoir of men
from which must be drawn the ex-
perts and leaders at a later date.
Every day spent in school should
increase the value of the service you
are capable of giving to your coun-
try."
Student Activities
Both Governor Van Wagoner and
President Ruthven listed several ac-
tivities which students can take part
in right here on campus? to help in
the national emergency.
The Governor's recommendations
includede do your best every day in
your classes; give some of your spare
time to the civilian defense program;
BULLE TINS
MOSCOW, Wednesday, Dee. 17-
(IP)-Red Army troops have routed
six German divisions of 90,000 men
and recaptured strategic Kalinin,
90 miles northwest of here, Russia,
anounced officially today.
* * *
NEW YORK, Dec. 16-(IP)-The
BBC reported in a broadcast heard
by NBC tonight that the Nazis in
Belgrade, Yugoslavia, had executed
64 more persons today and imprisoned
150.
""* * *
SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, Dec. 16-
IP)-The Costa Rican Foreign Of-
fice today invited representatives of
the Central American foreign offi-
ces to meet at Guatemala City Dec.
20 in advance of the Rio de Janeiro
conference of all the American re-
publics
BUENOS AIRES, Dec. 16-(-P)-The
Argentine cabinet tonight declared a
state of siege throughout the country.
*, * *
MEXICO CITY, Dec. 16-(P)-A
measure permitting naval vessels
and planes of any American nation
to station themselves in Mexican
waters and ports for periods of
more than 30 days was sent to Con-
gress tonight by President Manuel
Avila Comacho.
* * *
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16-P--The
Treasury said today a survey of lead-
ing cities showed purchases of defense

learn or teach first-aid at the Red
Cross; volunteer for auxiliary fire and
police squads; take such courses-as
home nursing, nutrition, canteen
corps, hospital and recreation corps;
and, finally, help lick the fifth-col-
umn menace.
The recommendations of President
Ruthven were that students should
greatly increase their interest in
foreign languages and in mathema-
tics. He also stressed the importance
of keeping in good physical condi-
tion.
Speaking to the hundreds of coeds
in the audience, Dean Alice Lloyd
told them that women would be ac-
tively involved in this war as never
before, because of the manner in
which modern warfare cuts into civil-
ian life.
Dean Lloyd Speaks
Referring to the gigantic task un-
dertaken by the women of England,
China, Russia and Germany, she said,
that "it is no. longer true that
though/the men can rush out and en-
list, the women have to take a pass-
ive part."
The women in the audience learned
that immediately after vacation they
will be given an opportunity to regis-
ter with the University, giving their
skills and signifying the special
training they desire.
Dean Lloyd emphasized that "What
we all need is a new defense psychol-
ogy, free from hypocrisy and senti-
mentality, free of racial or social pre-
judice, founded on clear, honest
thinking, on high courage and
strength of chaarcter."
The college woman of today, she
said, can show this strength by
sticking to their work here, choos-
ing their courses and ordering their
lives that they may be ready when
the nation needs them.
Also on the program were Capt.
Lyal Davidson, retiring chairman of
the Department of Naval Science and
Tactics, and Lieut.-Col. Francis
Brannan, Commandant of the Uni-
versity ROTC unit.
'Navy Needs Men'
The former began his talk with
the frank statement: "The Navy
needs men-200,000 of them 'within
the next year." He went on, how-
ever, to say that officers are desired
more than anything else and they
must have a college education.
"The problem of enlistment," Dav-
idson declared, "is one for the indi-
vidual; the answer found through
self-analysis.
In this Clo1nel Branna~n areed. b ut

Military Men To Complete
Five Man 'Board; Japs
Shell- Outlying Islands
House Bill Retains
Former Minimum
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16,-('P)-To
determine why United States armed
forces were not on the alert when
Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor,
President Roosevelt tonight appoint-
ed a five-man board, headed by As-
sociate Justice Owen J. Roberts of the
Supreme Court.
He announced his action soon after
a Navy disclosure that enepy war-
ships had struck at the Hawaiian area
again by shelling Johnston and Maui
Islands in the last 24 hours. The
valiant little marine garrison at Wake
Island, said the. Navy, drove off two
more enemy air attacks, and con-
tinued to hold out.
In addition to Roberts, Mr. Roose-
velt named the following to the board
of inquiry:
Board Listed
Major General Frank R. McCoy, re-
tired.
Brig. Gen. Joseph P. McNarney of
the Air Corps.
Rear Admiral William H. Standley,
retired, former Chief of Naval Oper-
Rear Admiral Joseph M. Reeves,
former Commander-in-Chief of ,the
United States Fleet.
The group will meet tomorrow for
organizational prposes, the White
House said, and proceed' to Hawaii
for an on-the-spot investigation .at
an early date. Chief Justice'Stone
granted Roberts leave of absence from
the Supreme Court to become chair-
man of theboard.
Meanwhile, Secretary Knox added
to the list of heroic American ex-
ploits during the attack on Pearl
Harbor, a tale of four reserve en-
signs, only surviving officers of teir
destroyer, who took their vessel to
sea in pursuit of the enemy and met
all emergencies like veterans.
First Since Opening Attack
The attack at Johnston, where an
American naval base was "bombard-
ed by ships of the enemy" and at
Maui, where the shipping center of
Kahului was shelled by a submarine,
was the first assault in the Hawaiian
area since the Japanese began the
war with their raid on Pearl Harbor.
At both points, the Navy said, dam-
age was slight, and "naval operations
are continuing against the enemy."
Maui is situated about 100 miles
southeast of Honolulu, and Johnston
about 700 miles to the southwest,
roughly in the direction of Wake Is-
land.-'
Against that much-battered out-
post, the Navy reported, the Japan-
ese delivered two more attacks from
(Continued on Page 2)
Senate Comnittee
Passes Draft Bill
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16 - ()-
President Roosevelt told Congress to-
day he fully endorsed the War De-
partment request that men aged 19
through 44 be made subject to com-
pulsory military service, but the House
proceeded with plans to consider draft
legislation retaining theh present 21-
year minimum age for active service.
The Senate Military Committee,
however, approved without a dissent-
ing vote tte 19-year age minimum
and consideration of theh bill prob-
ably will start in the Senate tomor-
row. The House also will consider to-
morrow the bill of its Military Com-
mittee.
In other details the Senate and
House measures were alike and no op-
position was apparent to their other
provisions. They would raise the
maximum age 'for compulsory mili-
tary service from 35 to 44 years, in-
clusive, and require all men from 18
through 64 to register with the gov-
ernment.
Officials estimated the measure, to-

gether with the existing draft act,
would bring about 40,000,000 persons
under government registration.
Senator Chandler (Dem.-Ky.) of
the military committee said an 8,000,-
000-man army was envisioned eventu-
ally. He quoted Brigadier General
Wade H. Haislip, assistant chief of
staff, as telling the committee a
1,000,000-man air force would be cre-
ated as quickly as possible. Chandler

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