___ THE MICHI1GAN DAILY T JEDAY, DECEMR 18 94
mile Gem6 . . . Managing Editor
ivin Dann. . . . . Editorial Director
avId Lachenbruch . . City Editor
Daniel H. Huyett
James B. Collins
* . Sports
. . Women's
. . Excliange
. . Associate Business Manager
. . Women's Advertising Manager
. Women's Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: GLORIA NISHON
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
. 1 '
'Good Neighbor' Policy
Brin s Reward .
TI fE UNITED STATES' "good neigh-
bor" policy is bearing fruit. Since
the Roosevelt administration has been in office,
a continuous program to thoroughly unite the
Americas in peace and war has been carried out.
Now that the United States is in danger, the
wisdom of this cannot be denied even by the
staunchest tariff protectionist of the West who
fought trade concessions to our southern neigh-
bors with everything he had.
"Any attempt on the part of a non-American
State against the integrity or inviolability of an.
American State shall be consideredas an act of
aggression against the States which sign this dec-
laration." So reads the final agreement signed
by 21 nations at the meeting of American Foreign
Ministers in Havana in 1940. Statements on the
part of the nations of the Americas either declar-
ing ,war on the Axis or emphasizing hemisphere
solidarity carry out this agreement almost to the
ALREADY AT WAR with the Axis are Panama,
Cuba, Honduras, Costa Rica, Guatemala,
Haiti, El Salvador, Nicaragua and the Dominican
Republic. Mexico has broken off diplomatic re-
lations with all the Axis while Colombia has sev-
ered relations with Japan. Solidarity declarations
have come from Uruguay, Peru, Ecuador and
The response of the large ABC nations in
South America has also been gratifying. Brazil
has frozen all Axis funds and will allow United
States warships and planes the use of her ports
an4 airfields. Even traditionally-skeptical Argen-
tina has come to our assistance in a roundabout
way. An Argentine declaration decreed that the
United Staten was non-belligerent, thus allowing
American use of port facilities. Chile has under-
taken naval protection of the Straits of Magellan.
The culmination of the united stand taken by
the Americas will be a meeting of foreign minis-
'ters in Rio de Janeiro, sometime in January.
Secretary of State Cordell Hull, at the request of
Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia ansd Uruguay,
has proposed the meeting to the Governing Board
of the Pan American Union. That the suggestion
will be accepted is a foregone conclusion. This
conference will undoubtedly formulate a joint
hemisphere defense plan.
S O IT MUST BE with great pride that President
Roosevelt and Secretary Hull look upon the
results of their unceasing efforts. Their program
of reciprocal trade treaties was condemned right
and left by their countrymen--those same coun-
trymen who are now so glad to have the backing
of the other American republics. Indeed fortun-
ate, it is, that their former narrow-minded view-
points did not prevail. The United States wel-
comes the aid offered it by its sister republics.
The "good neighbor" policy has been a success.
-George W. Sallade
Allied War Effort'
Must Be Intensified . .
T HE UNITED STATES has been
drawn into the second world war.
This, with the announcement by the German
High Command that it has abandoned plans for
the capture of Moscow this winter, and the re-
-t * Canada Lee
*Travel In Hawaii
By TOM THUMB
SOME STUDENTS no doubt saw Orson Welles'
production of "Native Son" in Detroit, but
those students from Chicago who missed it here
will be interested to know that it is now playing
at the Studebaker Theatre in Chicago.
It is especially important that Chicagoans
either read Richard Wiight's book or attend the
play, as it will put them wise to some particularly
vital problems in their own community.
But this column will not be taken up with
the book or with Orson Welles or with Wright,
or, for that matter, even with most of the cast.
I would like to say a few jumbled words about
Canada Lee, who portrays Bigger Thomas in the
THIS CANADA LEE is by no means unknown.
To quote from the "Who's Who" column in
"Canada Lee has managed to telescope a num-
ber of strangely assorted careers into his life
to date. As a violinist he got as far as an Aeolian
Hall concert before giving up the virtuoso's lot.
As a jockey he raced at Belmont, Aqueduct and
Jamaica tracks; as a prizefighter he won deci-
sions over Vince Dundee, Lou Brouillard and
Tommy Freeman. He has toured with his own
band and has appeared (on the radio) as the
voice of John Kirby. Moreover, he is the proud
proprietor of the Chicken Coop, the Twenty-one
Club of Harlem"
When you first see Canada Lee, big, strong
and blak, you realize that he is the perfect
Bigger Thomas. The hate, the defiance in his
eyes, are torn from the pages of Wright's book.
The murder scene in Mary Dalton's bedroom
retained all of the tension, all of the fingernail-
chewing excitement that the book's climax pro-
duced. And Lee seemed to live the part. In the
tense moments of the play, the perspiration
stood out on his forehead. He shouted, laughed
and cried with the sincerity of someone with a
personal appeal to the audience.
Of course, this was probably because he's a
wonderful actor. Bt you can't help thinking,
while watching the play-"This is Bigger Thom-
Well, I can't explain it. Just let me say that
I think everybody here ought to read the book
and see the play, and that Canada Lee is superb.
A LETTER came in yesterday from the Hawaii
Tourist Bureau. I thought you might be
interested in what they have to say (The paren-
theses are mine):
"What's New?" has an appropriate Hawaiian
counterpart. "Heaha ka mea hou?", literally,
"What the thing new?"
All this is mierely a cordial introduction to a
few notes about Hawaii, and we can assure you
that it is far from "Notling new" here (You
mean that, Bub?). Actually there is lots of news
(do tell?), to wit:
1. We're carrying on a strong promotional
campaign. (Yes, we see it on the front pages
2. We can lend you some grand color movies.
(No, thanks, the newsreels will do.)
3. Tourists keep coming to Hawaii in numbers.
(Also in uniforms.)'
4. There is still plenty of room in our hotels.
(We can imagine.)
5. Travel between the islands is heavy. (Yes,
so we hear.)
6. Air services to Hawaii, and between the
Islands have been greatly increased. (So they
the European allies. This is not the time for
the English to relax in their war effort in the
hope that the Germans will become peoccupied
in the Ukraine and that Russia will carry on from
The British have a great responsibility at this
time-a responsibility for seeing that every op-
portunity for turning the tide of war is not left
neglected. There is a great deal to be done before
any confidence in eventual victory can be thor-
THE PROSPECTS OF INVASION of the conti-
nent must be left to the military. The prob-
lems of convoying, methods of attack and other
technical details are beyond the scope of common
But there are many details that are being
neglected, the treatment of which appear to be
deliberate efforts at circumnavigation of impor-
tant issues under the guise of more important
business. The House of Commons has recently
been the scene of many hectic debates in which
government inaction on various fronts has been
the dominating subject.
The failure of more tangible aid to Russia
has been foremost in the minds of those who fear
a renewed German thrust into southeastern
Russia as well as the failure to put English col-
ohial forces, stationed on the Mediterranean,
at the disposal of the U.S.S.R. Also under fire
are the failures of England to train and arm
thousands of Indian soldiers because of their fear
to put power into hands which might backfire at
the end of the war and to equip a Jewish-Pales-
tinian army which is begging for the chance to
fight against totalitarianism.
THESE are but a few of the indictments which
have recently been made and have gone un-
answered. Perhaps tke reasons for this apparent
neglect are justified. Perhaps the British Gov-
ernment is unable to meet these issues because
of the press of its finagcial, political, or military
I/ASHINGTON-Behind the scenes, Roosevelt
already has taken steps for a wartime censor
with sweeping powers to dictate what war news
shall be published or not published in the news-
Already he has appointed a committee of
Vice President Wallace, Postmaster General
Walker and Attorney General Biddle to recom-
mend a censor and draw up legislation giving
authority to censor the press.
Actually, the censor won't be called by that
name. His official title will be Director of Public
Information. But his function will be to super-
vise all reports of military operations and other
information deemed of military significance.
At present, official reports on military events
are issued in the form of communiques by the
War and Navy departments and by the com-
manding officers of units and areas. The White
House also gives out frequent announcements,
and the various defense agencies do likewise.
There is no one central supervisory and dis-
tributing agency, as the British have in their
Ministry of Information. As originally proposed,
the Office of the Coordinator of Information,
headed by able Colonel William Donovan, was
to do this job. But the Army and Navy, jealous
of their bureaucratic powers, objected so vehe-
mently that the plan was dropped, and Donovan
was given the task of waging the short-wave
counter-propaganda war against the Axis. In
this work his organization has been extremely
The =three-man cabinet committee asked by
the President to select a censor have under con-
siderahon the following: Harold Ickes, hard-
boiled Secretary of the Interior; Colonel Dono-
van; Archibald MacLeish, Librarian of Congress
and director of the recently created Ofice of
Figures and Facts; and Ulric Bell, star corre-
spondent of the Louisville Courier-Journal.
SFIRST THING the President did when he re-
tired to Speaker Rayburn's office, following
his historic message asking Congress to declare
war on Japan, was to ask for a drink of water.
A pitcher of ice water had been placed on
the stand of the House "well" from which he
delivered the message, but in the gripping ex-
citement of the occasion the President over-
Second thing the President did was to relieve
the tension with a wisecrack at the expense of
the Senate committee which escorted him to
and from the House chamber. The group con-
sisted of Democratic Leader Alben Barkley of
Kentucky, Republican Leader Charles McNary
of Oregon, and spry, 83-year-old Carter Glass
Having escorted the President out of the
House chamber, they fidgeted to return to the
Senate to take up the war resolution. Finally,
"Mr. President, we're sorry, but we'll have to
go. Our colleagues are waiting in the Senate
and we would like to join ther."
"You can't fool me," grinn'ed the President.
"I know the reason you fellows are so anxious
to get away. You want to get ack to the Senate
so you can beat the House in passing the war
The trio admitted this was "the reason and
Note: The act declaring war on Japan will
go down in history as Senate Joint Resolution
116, since the Senate did act first. The House
passed an identical resolution H. J. R. 254, but
before the lengthy House roll-call was finished,
a Senate clerk appeared with the adopted S. J.
R. 116. Under parliamentary rules, this was
substituted for the House bill and passed by
Japanese Knew In Advance
IF the two Japanese Ambassadors negotiating
with Secretary Hull did not know their armed'
forces were going to attack, apparently they,
themselves, were about the only Japanese around
the Embassy who remained in the dark.
*Ryuichi Ando, listed officially as an attach'
of the Japanese Embassy, actually was a student
at SwarthmoreCollege, living at the home of a
peaceful Quaker family where he was very
charming, polite and made a lot of friends.
However, on Sunday, November 30, just one
week before the fatal attack on Hawaii, Ando
returned to college from a trip to Washington
and hastily packed his bags. Making polite
farewells, he explained that he was leaving for
Brazil-and vanished. \
It was seven days later that the Japanese Am-
bassadors delivered their final note to Secre-
. tary Hull-about thirty minutes after the attack
on Honolulu began.
Good Neighbor Censorship
ONE of the first South American newspaper-
men to file a message after the Hawaiian
debacle was Fernando Ortiz Echague,, Wash-
ington correspondent of La Naclon of Buenos
Aires. La Nacion is not only one of the most in-
fluential papers in South America, but one of
the biggest boosters of friendship with the United
Senor Echague's message, therefore, was a
very friendly one.
Several hours passed, and the telegraph office
finally told him his news dispatch had been held
\up by the naval censor-because it was written
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1941
VOL. LI. No. 67
Pubication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
General Assembly: A general as
sembly or students in all schools an
colleges will be held at 3:30 p.m. to-
day in Hill Auditorium. The posi-
tion and duties of University stu-
dents in time of war will be discussed
With the consent of the Deans o:
the various units classes at the ;
and 4 o'clock hours will be dismisse
in order that all students may at-
To All Students and Faculty Mem.
bers: The University calendar pro-
vides that the Christmas vacatio
shall begin Friday evening, Decem-
ber 19, and continue until the morn
ing of Monday, January 5. All class
es are, to be held in accordance wit
the calendar including all such a
may be scheduled for Friday.
To the Members of the University
Senate: At the December meeting o:
the University Council authoriza
tion was given to the School of Pub
lic Hleath to elect one representa
tive to the University Council.
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary
Home Loans: The University In
vestment office, 100 South Wing, wil
be glad to consult with anyone con
sidering building or buying a hom
or refinancing existing mortgages an
is eligible to make FH.A. loans.
Detroit Armenian Women's Clul
Scholarship: The Detroit, Armenia
Women's Club offers a scholarshi
for $100 for the year 1942-43 fo
which young men and women o
Armenian parentage, living in th
Detroit metropolitan district wh
demonstrate scholastic ability an
possess good character and who havy
had at least one year of college work
are eligible. Further information ma:
be obtained from me.
Dr. Frank E. Robbins,
1021 Angell Hall
Public Health Assembly: All stu
dents in the School of Public Healt
are expected to be present at the as
sembly period to be held on Wednes
day, December 17, at 4:00 p.m. in th
Auditorium of the W. K. Kellogg
Foundation for Graduate and Post
graduate Dentistry. Dr. Haven Em
erson, Professor Emeritus of Publi
Health Practice, Columbia Univer.
sity, and Lecturer in Public Healt
Practice at the University of Michi
gan, will speak on "Defense Health.
Visitors are welcome.
The Automobile Regulation will b
lifted for the Christmas Vacatior
Period from 12:00 o'clock noon or
Friday, December 19, until 8:00 a.m
on Monday,.January 5, 1942.
Office of the Dean of Student
Choral Union Members: All mem-
bers of the Choral Union are re-
quested to return their "Messiah'
copies to the offices of the Universit
Musical Society in Burton Memoria
Tower, at once, and to pick up ir
exchange their copies of "King Dav-
id" and the Beethoven Ninth Sym.
phony, which will be sung at th(
Rehearsals will be resumed afte
vacation on Tuesday evening, Janu-
Charles A. Sink, President
To All Students Having Library
Books: Students having in their pos-
session books drawn from the Univer-
sity Library are notified that suc
l books are due Thursday, Decembei
18, before the impending vacation.
An extra fine will be charged on
all books taken out- of town without
Warner G. Rice
Director of the University Library
Applications in Support of Re-
search Projects: To give the Re-
search Comimttees and the Execu-
tive Board adequate time for study
of all proposals, it is requested that
faculty members having projects
needing support during 1942-1943
'file their proposals in the Office of
the Graduate School by Friday, Jan-
uary 9, 1942. Those wishing to re-
new previous requests whether now
receiving support or not should so
indicate. Application forms will be
mailed or can be obtained at Secre-
tary's Office, Room 1508 Rackham
Building, Telephone 331.
C. S. Yoakum
Seniors: College of L.S. and A.,
School of Education, School of Mus-
ic, School of Public Health: Tenta-
tive lists of seniors including tenta-
tive candidates for the Certificate in
Public Health Nursing have been
posted on the bulletin board in Room
4, U. Hall. If your name does not
appear, or, if incfudedthere, it is not
correctly spelled, please notify the
Women students wishing employ-
ment during the holidays are asked
to register at the Office of the Dean
of Women. There are many oppor-
tunities for employment in private
Byr) F. Bacher,
Assistant Dean of Women
The Bureau of Appointments has
received notification of the following
examination from the New York Civil
Service Commission. I
Playground director, Grade 1,
(male). Salary, up to but not includ-
ing $2,100 per annum. Usual start-
ing salary is $1,260 per annum.
'Further information may be ob-
tained from the notice, which is filed
in the Bureau .of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall, office hours 9-12, 2-4.
Bureau of Appointments and
A cademic Notices
The Botanical Seminar will \meet
Wednesday, December 17, at 4:30
p m. in room 1139 Natural Science
f building. Dr. John T. Baldwin will
f give a paper entitled, "Cytogeogra-
phic Apalyses of Certain Plants." All
I interested are invited.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
J be held in Room 319, West Mk dical
Building tonight at 7:30. "Selenium
-Biological Occurence, Distribution
and Excretion" will be discussed. All
interested are invited.
Graduate Students in Speech are
urged to attend the December meet-
ing of the Graduate Study Club at
4:00 p.m. on/ Wednesday in the East
Conference Room of the Rackham
Building. The discussion will deal
with, graduate study in the field of
Political Science 301 will not meet
E. S. Brown
German 159 will meet Wednesday,
4:00-6:00 p.m., in 407 Library.
Doctoral Examination for Robert
Vincent Rosa, Economics; thesis:
"The Monetary Powers of Some Fed-
eral Agencies outside the federal Re-
serve System," Wednesday, Deeem-
ber 17, East Council Room, Rackham
Building, 1:30 p.m. Chairman, L.
L. Watkins. ,
By action of the Executive Board
the chairman may invite membersI
of the faculties and advanced doctor-
al candidates to attend the examina-
tion and he may grant permission'to
those ,who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum, Dean
Exhibition,. College of Architecture'
and Design: Collection of pottery,
the work of Mary Chase Stratton of
the Pewabic Pottery, given to the
University by Dr. Walter R. Parker,
is being shown in the ground floor
cases of the Architecture Building.
Open daily, 9:00-5:00 p.m., through
Dec. 19. The public is invited.
Pharmacy Journal Club will meet
tonight Mat 7:30 in Room 300 Chem-
istry Building. All pharmacy stu-
lents please plan to attend.
Botanical Journal Club will meet
tonight at 7:30 in Room 1139 N.S.
Reports by: Frances E. Wayne, "The
Apocygaceous Flora of the Yucatan
Peninsula;" Beth Woolsey, "Studies
on the blossoming season;" Alma
Hunt, "Edible. Wild Plants;" Robert
Lowry, "The development of the per-
istome of Aulacomnium heterosti-
Sigma Rho Tau will meet tonight
in the Union at 7:30. This meeting
will feature the first round of the
inter-circle debate tournament. Sub-
ject: "The Commercial and Military
Possibilities of the Dirigible Today."
All members are urged to attend as
this will be the last meeting until
after Christmas vacation.
Alpha Omega Alpha, honorary
medical society, will hold its fall ini-
tiation today in the, Michigan. Un-
ion at 5:45 p.m. Dr. Harry Gold-
blatt, Professor of , Experimental
Pathology of Western Reserve Uni-
versity, will be made an honorary
member and will deliver the address
at 8:00 p.m. in the Lecture Hall
of the Rackham Building. His sub-
j ect is "Experimental Observations
on the Pathogenesis and Treatment
of Hypertension." The lecture is open
to the public.
Religious .Education .Workshop:
The subject for discussion at the reg-
ular Tuesday evening meeting to-
night, 7:00-9:00, at 9 University Hall,
will be: "Correlation of University
and Community Programs in Relig-
ion." -Kenneth W. Morgan.
American Institute of , Electrical
Engineers at a meeting tonight at
8:00 in the Michigan Union will have
as its speaker George Chute of the
Detroit office of the General Electric
Co. He vrill speak on "Motor Ap-
plications in Industry." Refresh-
The Girls' Intercooperative Per-
sonnel Committee is holding an in-
terview tonight at 7:30 at the Muriel
Lester House at 909 E. University.
All those interested in applying for
[the cooperatives will please attend.
The Tuesday evening concert of
recorded music at the Rackham
Building tonight will be as follows:
Brahms, Variations on a Theme of
Hayden and Beethoven's Ninth Sym-
JGP Central Committee meeting
today in the League at 4:30 p.m.
Every member must be present.
Christian Science Organization will
meet tonight at 8:15 in the chapel
of the Michigan League.
Michigan Dames Swimming Group
meeting for today has been canceled.
J 1 t Y ,
R fF4 ~
"w_ : i 1
'", I :
' 1 ' iii a .
GRIN AND BEAR IT
"I don't care if it was your first corsage, Alicia!-It's been here
for a week now and I'd like to use the ice box for food again!"
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Original Christmas cards
by students in Decorative Design 5
and Drawing 21 are shown in the
ground floor corridor cases, Archi-
tecture Building. Open daily 9 to
5, except Sunday through December
19. The public is invited.
University Lecture: Professor G. E.
Moore, Cambridge University, Eng-
land, will lecture on the subject,
"Certainty," under the auspices of
the Department of Philosophy, on
Thursday, December 18, at 4:15 p.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheater. The
public is cordially invited.
Faculty Alumni ,Dance: Second in
series to be held tonight ,9:00-12:00,
at the Michigan Union.
Coin g vents
The Romance Language Journal
Club will meet on Wednesday, De-
cember 17, at 4:15 p.m. in the East
Conference Room of the Rackham
The following papers will be heard:
Professor A. J. Jobin : "Recent
Trends in Canadian Nationalistic
Professor Julio del Toro: "The
Treatment of Foreigners in the Ar-
All graduate students in the de-
nartment are cordially invited.