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December 12, 1941 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-12-12

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Editorial
Sehate Election
Needs Your Support

VOL. LII. No. 64 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

H aw aiian A ir R aid
Statistics Released;
Luzon Area Static

A New Uniform For 'Bullet Bob'

Air Success Accompanies
Unanimous Call For War;
U.S. Challenged By Hitler

Report States 50 To 100
Planes Attacked Oahu ;
49 Civilians Are Killed
Island Is Deelared
Under Martial Law
HONOLULU, Dec. 11.-(P)-Fifty
to 100 enemy warplanes knifed at
Hickam Field Army air base, the
Pearl Harbor Naval Base and, the
Kaneohe Naval Air Base in six separ-
ate raids on Oahu Island Sunday.
Censorship was lifted partly to-
day, permitting disclosure of more
details of the Japanese surprise at-
tack.
The first raiders flew over at 7:55
a.m. Sunday and were followed by
other waves at 11:29 a.m., 11:59 a.m.,
12:22 p.m., 7:15 p.m. and 9:10 p.m.
Forty-nine civilians were killed and
more than 100 injured.
(In Washington the White House
has announced that with Navy, and
Army casualties the total probably
would be around 3,000, about equally
divided between killed and wounded.)
Martial law was declared.
Police handled the civilian situa-
tion beautifully, with only a small
amount of subversive activities in.evi-
dence.
Suspend ,Habeas Corpus
Military Governor Walter C. Short
suspended habeas corpus proceed-
ings.u
Blackouts were instituted for an
indefinite period with heavy penal-
ties for violation.
The Japanese Consul was taken in-
to custody while he was burning re-
cords."
Dangerous areas were evacuated
and schools ordered closed indefin-
itely.
Breaks in gas mains caused by the
bombing were-sealed and fires started
in gasoline tanks -were put dut by
heroic efforts.
Small craft were ordered detained
in Kewalo Basin and all ships were
warned they would be fired uponif
they approached Oahu Island with-
out permission,
Fires were soon under control.
Saloons were closed indefinitely.
Food selling continued but sales
were confined1 to. normal quantities
and gasoline sales were limited to
one half a tankful at a time. Restau-
rants remained open throughout the
emergency, but any elaboration is not
permitted by the censorship.
Japanese Position
Strengthened In Luzon
MANILA, Friday, Dec. 12-(A')-
The Japanese have improved their
strength in northern Luzon, but "the
situation remains unchanged mater-
ially," the U. S. Army stated in a
commnunique today.
The Army said it had received an
unconfirmed report that a small force
had landed at Legaspi, a port on the
Albay Gulf on the southeastern coast
of Luzon, the main island of the Phil-
ippines.
The situation, which was declared
materially unchanged overnight,
found the American defenders of the
Philippines apparently having smash-
ed every Japanese effort to set in-
vading forces firmly ashore, save pos-
sibly for one new thrust by para-
chutists.
Manila Under Alarm
Manila was under air raid alarm
for an hour and 40 minutes early this
morning-from 3:50 to 5:30 a.m.-
but no raiders were reported.
The commuique came at the be-
ginning of a new day after the Ameri-
can defenders had had a series of
successes, including the burning and
sinking by army planes of a 29,000-
ton Japanese battleship off the horth
coast of Luzon.
(The Navy announced in Washing-
ton the bombing and serious damag-
ing of a second 29,000-ton Japanese
battleship, also off Luzon.)

.I

Plan Is Made
To Legislate
CivilianDraft
Congress May Ask For
Registration Of All
Citizens 18 To 65
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11. -(p)_-
Registration of all men and women
from 18 to 65 years of age may be
asked by the Government in an all-
out mobilizing of the nation's human
resources for the war with the Axis.
Brig. Gei Lewis B..Hershey, direc-
tor of Selective Service, disclosed to-
day this plan was under study as the
Army called for 10,000 volunteer nur-
ses and Congress swiftly passed leg-
islation removing prohibitions against
service of selectees outside the West-
ern Hemisphere.
"We undoubtedly are soon going to
consider the registration of women,"
Hersheytold a press conference.
20,000,000 Could erve
He went on to estima 20,000,000
could serve by replacing men in fac-
tories, enlisting in civilian defense or
with the armed service in non-com-
batant capacities.
The general proposition of regis-
tering and classifying all able-bodied
men ard women aged 18 to 65 was de-
scribed by Hershey as the "number
1 project at this time."
This would require new legisla-
tion.
Under the present Selective Serv-
ice Act men between 21 and 35 inclu-
sive were registered. About half of
the present 1,600,000 men in the
Army were drafted under this act.
Hershey estimated 1,000,000 more
were immediately available fiom the
registered group, though he said this
might mean lowering the standards
for acceptance.
And he made clear the first calls
would goto men in this group.
"Let's use what we've got first," he
said. "I believe we should use the
group 21 to 28 now to the limit of
efficiency."
Restriction Removed
Congress wrote into the Selective
Service Act last summer a restric-
tion against dispatch of drafted men
for service outside the Western Hemi-
sphere.
With Japan's attack on the United
States the Administration immediate-
ly asked for removal of this re-
striction.
When legislation to doo this was
brought up in the Senate yesterday,
Democratic leaders asked for 'mani-
mous consent for tis consideration but
Senator Hiram Johnson (Rep.-Calif.)
objected. Under the rules, a lone ob-
jection meant consideration must be
deferred until today.
Frosh, Senior
Committeemen
Are Announced*
Tom Williams, '42E, of German-
town, Pa., was elected chairman of
the Senior Ball committee, and Ste-
phen Selby, '45E, Grand Rapids, Frosh
Frolic head in yesterday's balloting
for committees to run the annual
dances of the oldest and youngest
classes on campus.
Of the 13 Senior Ball committee
members chosen, five are from the
literary college. They are Jean Hub-
bard, Detroit; Lee Cleary, Hinsdale,
Ill., Ted McOmber, Ann Arbor, Burt
Rubens, Rochester, N., Y., and Ray-
mond Dietz, Detriot. Dietz was tied
with Jim Collins, Orange, N. J., and
the two drew cards to determine the
winner.

The other victorious candidates
from the engineering school are Bob
Getts, Lansing, and Lawton Hammett,
W. Englewood, N. J. Phoebe Power,
Bethesda, Md., was selected from the
architecture school, Betty Johnson
from the education school and Ches-
ter Ewing, Flushing, N. Y., from the
forestry school. Dorothy Anderson,
Philadelphia, had already been selec-
ted as the music school representa-
tive, and Elizabth McFillen, Toledo,
O., as the member from the nursing

-Daily Photo by Bob Kilins

In the absence of the kid himself,
Bob Westfall, '42, captain of the 1941
Wolverine football team will play the
part of Santa Claus at the Inter-
fraternity Christmas party at 3:30
p.m. Monday in Hill Auditorium.
Second on the ballot was Prof. Pres-
ton W. Slosson, but with this one ex-
ception Westfall swept through the
line of candidates as if he were run-
ning against Columbia again.
Even now Rapid Robert is prac-
ticing for his part, trying on beards,
sorting out Christmas presents for
the party and absorbing vitamins so
that he will be plump enough to carry

the part through in, the best style.
Unfortunately, no statement could
be obtained from Westfall as he was
trying on personality whiskers when
interviewed, and it was discovered
that Bob was barely able to breathe.
However, in answer to specific
questions which could be answered
with a nod of the head, Westfall as-
sured the 'children who will attend
the party and his constituents, (the
guys who voted for him) that he will
make every effo'rt within his means
to assure all present of having a good
time.

Mad Damselle 1941 Swim Gala
Appears Today' Opens Tonight
Gargoyle's Parody Issue Seventh Annual Carnival
Is Dedicated To Style Exhibits Local Talent
No extra edition is heralding her By BUD HENDEL
arrival in Ann Arbor, no newsboys That biggest of big water carnivals,
shout her praises, but nevertheless the 1941 Michigan Swim Gala, moves
Gargoyle's Mad Damselle is here. into the Sports Building Pool at 8
With belles on her colorful cover p.m. tonight for a one night stand of
and belles throughout, Garg's annual natatorial entertainment.
parody issue, this time dedicated to Sponsored jointly by the Wolverine
"Mademoiselle," nationally distribu- swimming team and the Women's
ted women's magazine, will sound off Athletic Association and under the
on the men's ideas regarding women, direction of Coach Matt Mann, to-
Reputed to rival the "Life" issue night's Gala will be the seventh an-
of last spring, this new,, bigger Qar- nual production of this sort staged
goyle is stuffed with cuts a la "Made- in Ann Arbor. In past years the Gala
moiselle." The entire magazine has has proved to be one of the highest
been planned to coincide with "Made- spots in the realm of Maize and Blue
moiselle's" layout, even to the type sports attractions, and this season's
face used. Sprinkled through the is- show"gives fair promise of upholding
sue will be fashions, as per "Made- the long-standing tradition.
moiselle," only offering, in addition, Coach Mann, who has directed all
the rare touch of Garg. of the past tank shows, claims that
So enlarged is the December Garg, this one will be the best yet, and to
and so closelydoes it parallel "Made- support his contention he has an all
moiselle" that it has been necessary star cast ready to display their wares
to raise the price slightly for this one before the 1000 spectators who will
issue. ' jam the natatorium.
But it's the big issue of the year Headlining the program will be
and, say the editors, well worth any Michigan's varsity mermen, holders
price ! So the Mad Damselle adds a of the Big Ten and National Collegi-
little reminder that, to be sure of get- ate crowns. The Wolverine crew,
ting a copy before the cugtomary sell- characterized by a well nigh impreg-
out, the "early bird gets the woim!" (Continued on Page 3) p
All-Campus Assembly Tuesday
Will Clarify Duties Of Students

Mussolini Links Italians'
Destiny With Japanese;
Broadcast Reviles FDR
Nazis Arrest 400-
Amnerican Citizens
BERLIN, Dec. 11.-(Official radio
received by AP)-Adolf Hitler de-
clared war against the United States
today and announced Germany, Italy
and Japan were pledged in a new
alliance to fight it together to a
finish.
In the course of an address to the
Reichstag which lasted an hour and
a half, Hitler repeatedly and violent-
ly attacked President Roosevelt, and
expressed on behalf of "the German
people" relief and satisfaction with
the Japanese attack on America.
Before he spoke the declaration of
war was handed-at noon, Berlin
time (5 a.m. EST)-to U.S. Charge
d'Affaires George L Brandt by Joa-
chim von Ribbentrop, Hitler's For-
eign Minister. This declaration,
which was not made publi until it
was announced by Hitler, did. not
mention Japan, but accused the Unit-
ed States of acts of war at sea
against Germany.
It concluded: "The Reich Govern-
ment therefore severs diplomatic re-
lations with the United States of
America and declares that under
these circumstances, brought about
by President Roosevelt, Germany al-
so, commencing today, regards her-
self in a state of war with the United
States of America."
A number of U.S. citizens in Ger-
many were placed under arrest, a
Wilhelmstrasse spokesman declaring
that as many were being taken into
custody in Germany as German citi-
zens were arrested in the United
States. This, by German count,
is 400.
Italian Destiny Linked.
With Japanese Struggle/
ROME, Dec.,1.-(Official radio re-
ceived by AP)-Premier Benito Mus-
solini today linked Fascist Italy's des-
tiny with that of "heroic Japan" by
declaring war on the United States in
a 5-minute speech from the balcony
of the Palazzo Venezia.
"I say to you, and you will under-
stand," he told party faithfuls below
him, "that it is a privilege to fight
with them (the Japanese). . . . Ital-
ians! Once more arise and be worthy
of this historical hour. We shall
win.
A Propaganda Ministry broadcast
quoted the Fascist ruler as saying
President Roosevelt was "the real
tyrannical democrat," who wanted
the war and had prepared for it day
by day with diabolical obstinacy."
Thus Japan joined its fortunes with
German and Japan in a world strug-
gle precipitated by the tri-partite Axis
alliance (a pact which provided, hiw-
ever, that Italy and Germany were to
go to Japan's aid only if Japan were
attacked.)
PR To Select
Student Senate
In Vote Today
With every University student eli-
gible to cast a ballot, the semi-an-
nual Student eletion will be held to-
day from 9:J a.m. to 5 p.m.
When the vote-counting is com-
pleted late tonight, 12 candidates out
of 34 passed by the Board of Elec-
tions will be members of the only
campus organizationchosen without
regard to University class standing
or affiliations.
Since the balloting will be under
the Hare system of proportional re-

presentation, each voter is required
to mark his choices in order of pre-
ference. He may vote for as many
candidates as he wishes.
As stated by the Board of Elections,
every student will be required to
present an identification card before
voting. The Board has also author-
ized ballot box workers to prohibit
any electioneering within 50 feet of
the polls.
A ortiincr ton Ravu jDvis_ '4.F

ISTANBUL, Turkey, Dec. 10-(de-
layed) - (P) - Late reports from
Greece, believed here to be reliable,
said today that on Nov. 29-30 and Dec.
1 starvation deaths In Axis-occupied
Athens numbered more than 800 each
day, and that the figure since had
risen.
CHICAGO, Dec. 11-(P)-Gen-
eral Robert E. Wood, National
Chairman of the America, First
Committee, announced tonight the
group would be dissolved, and urged
persons who had followed its lead
to give their full support to the
nation's war effort until peace is
attained.
KUIBYSHEV, U.S.S.R., Dee. 11-
(RP)-A Russian peace with Germany
would be made only by joint agree-
ment with Britain and the United
States, Soviet officials declared to-
night in announcing Germany has
held out peace feelers to the Soviet
Union.
HAVANA, Dec. 11-VP)-Cuba's
declaration of war against Germany
and Italy was approved unani-
mously tonight by the Chamber of
Deputies and sent to the Senate.
The Senate concurred soon after
by acclamation.
MEXICO CITY, Dec. 11-(IP)-
Mexico broke off diplomatic relations
with Germany and Italy tonight.
The break was as curt and abrupt
as the Mexican severance with Japan
last Sunday.
SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, Dec. 11
-(P)-Costa Rica, the first nation
of Latin America to declare war
against Japan, toay declared ar
against Germany and Italy.
* * *
CIUDAD TRUJILLO, Dominican
Republic, Dec. 11-(P)-Congress to-
night declared war on Germany and
Italy.
- Be a Goodfellow Dec. 15 ---
Loeal Group's
Clothing Drive
Is Nearing End
Students Are Requested
To Contribute Clothing
Practical For Winter
Four people living in a chicken
coop, a baby of eight month<
wrapped in dirty muslin rags,
child of five, peaked, and with n
clothing save the barest essential
to cover his body.
The above case is an actual one,
and is only one of many facing a
student group in its drive to collect
clothing for needy civilians.
The drive, which was initiated as
an aid to take some pressure off the
government because of war activities.
is also attempting to aid these un-
fortunates in time for Christmas.
With the collaboration of the local
Salvation Army, Red Cross and
Friends Service Committee, thi
group has already begun collecting
garments through differeht clubs or
campus and through the dormi-
tories.
Clothing from cooperatives and
independents should be in by 6 p.m
Saturday, and trucks will be in use
from 12 noon to 6 p.m. for the sole
purpose of collecting. The time lim-
it in sororities, fraternities and dor-
mitories, however, has been extend-
ed to Wednesday of next week. The
group, may be contacted at Lane
Hall in the person of Miss Patty
Zander.
Students are asked to try and con-
tribute useful, warm clothing, and
even though the group is grateful to
all good intentions of the lads and

lassies of fraternity and sorority life,
the group begs them not to send in
high heel shoes, formals and off-the-
head hats, as the sharecroppers are
not holding their annual formal this
year.
'Instead, saddle shoes, overcoats,
sweaters and warm underclothes are

As Lineups Shape
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11-('P)-A
series of hammering a~d destructive
blows at Nippon's navy were announ-
ced today as Congress took up Hit-
ler's gage of battle and put the United
States formally into the war against
Germany and Italy.
Official communiques said:
1. Army bombers sank the 29,000-
ton Japanese battleship Haruna off
the northern coast of Luzon, Phil-
ippine Islands.
2. The American forces protecting
Wake Island, tiny stepping stone
halfway between Hawaii and the
Philippines, repulsed four enemy at-
tacks, and sank a light cruiser and a
destroyer from the air.,
Battleship 'Badly Damaged'
3. Navy patrol planes scored bomb
hits on a Japanese battleship off Lu-
zon and, in the words of Admiral
Thomas C. Hart, commander of the
Asiatic Fleet, left it "badly damaged."
This battleship was unnamed, but
was of the Kongo class, the same class
as the Haruna. There are four ships
in this category. All are old battle-
wagons built before the last world
war. They were rebuilt during the
period of 1926-30 and made more for-
midabe, however.
Without a single vote of opposition
both houses of Congress today passed
resolutions making the United States
a full and formal participant in the
worldwide fight against Axis domin-
ation.
President Roosevelt, who had asked
for the declaration immediately upon
learning Germany and Italy had de-
clared war on the United States,
signed the war resolutionstas soon as
they were received at the White
House.
Russia Expected To Act
Thus the tremendous lineup of the
world powers for the prosecution of
World War No. II was complete with
one major exception. eussia, which
is at war with Germany and Italy,
has yet to declare itself against Ja-
pan, but Secretary of State Hull ex-
pressed confidence it would do so.
Just before going into conference
with Maxim Litvinoff, the Soviet
ambassador, Hull told reporters:
"We for our part have no doubt
that the government and the people
of the Union of Socialist Soviet Re-
publics will -do their full part in
standing side ly side with all liberty
loving people against the common
mnenace."
The Navy Departmenrt annoui ced
;he garrison on tiny 'Wake Island,
ibout half way between Hawaii and
;he Philippines, had repulsed four
;eparate enemy attacks, and in the
?rocess had sunk a light cruiser and
% destroyer from the air.
Churchill Proclaims
Solidarity With Allies
(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, Dec. 11-With five sim-
)le words-"We are all in this"
Winston Churchill proclaimed today
3ritain's proud determination to
tand at the side of the United States
ind maintain at any and every cost
he mighty barricade now thrust up
across the world against the Axis
narauders of Europe and Asia.
Speaking before Germany and Italy
-ad declared war upon the United
States, but in consciousness of the in-
:ninence of that last step, he told the
?arliament:
"Our foes are bound by their am-
,itions and their crimes to seek im-
Alacably the destruction of the Eng-
lish-speaking world and all it stands
for. It is the supreme barrier for all
heir kind.
'We Are Prepared'
"If it should be their resolve we are
prepared to meet it.' If they should
leclare themselves resolved to con-

pass the destruction of the English-
3peaking world, I know I speak for
;he United States as well as for the
British Empire when I say we would
:ather perish than be conquered.
"On that basis, and putting it at

BULLE TINS

British Premier Pledges
Full War Cooperation
Against 'Margaders'

Russia Still Mute

N

.

ONLY!

With the purpose of getting the
average student's feet back on the
ground and clarifying his duties, re-
sponsibilities and status in the pres-
ent emergency, an all-campus assem-
bly will be held at 3:30 p.m. Tuesday
in Hill Auditorium.
Led by President Alexander G.
Ruthven, the long list of speakers
includes Dean Joseph Bursley, Dean
Alice Lloyd, Lieut-Col. Francis Bran-
nan, Commandant of the University
ROTC, Prof. Louis Hopkins, Chair-
man of the University Defense Com-
mittee, and Capt. Lyal Davidson,
Chairman of the Department of Naval
Science and Tactics. Robert Sibley,

crisis and yet are uncertain as to
just what this entails, campus leaders
and university officials felt that such
a meeting would alleviate much of
the confusion.
Student organizations which are
supporting the plans include the
Union, the League, The Daily, the In-
terfraternity Council, Men's Judiciary
Council, Panhellenic, Congress, Wo-
men's Judiciary Council, Assembly
and the M-Club.
Not intended to be an isolated ac-
tivity, the program will be the key-
note of a future campus-wide defense
plan intended to solidify local war-
ti e r,'r, 4 nanarl tor nn',,dAi'y, a +athem.

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