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NIGHT EDITOR: BILL BAKER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
To Defend Communist .. .
A T A TIME when so many professed.
liberals are yielding to a wave of
reactionary hysteria evidenced by the anti-
strike bill, the Minneapolis sedition trials and
the .narrowly defeated Hobbs concentration camp
bill, it is good to see a man high in the public
limelight take a vigorous stand for real democ-
racy at home as well as abroad. Wendell Willkie
has done just this.
He is soon to appear before the Supreme Court
to plead the case of William Schneiderman, sec-
retary of the Communist Party in California,
whose American citizenship has been rescinded
because of his Communist affiliations. Calling
it "a vital test case" which involves the basic
question of civil rights, Willkie has refused to
accept any pay for his services.
SUCH ACTION on the part of a former Repub-
lican presidential candidate who was labeled
at best conservative, at worst reactionary by the
majority of liberals during the last campaign,
presents a curious anomaly. His basic concept
of democracy seems to have been built upon a
firmer foundation than that of many of the
pseudo-liberals who opposed him. For while
the latter were liberal and progressive when it
was easy to be so, now that it is becoming in-
creasingly difficult they are backing down, yield--
ing to the pressure of war-hysteria.
We certainly agree with them that our na-
tional defense program must be made more
efficient, more effective. We certainly agree that
our whole weight must be thrown into the fight
against fascism and Hitler. But it must be a
liberal, democratic weight. And we cannot ob-
tain this by giving in at every step to the crisis-
motivated demands of long-standing reac-
OUR NATION is waging a two-front war every
bit as real as Germany's. We are fighting
fascism both at home and abroad. And neither
front is more or less important than the other.
We will have won but a hollow victory, almost
no victory at all-certainly not one worth the
effort--if we defeat Hitler but lose democracy
at home in the process.-
So it is that the recent statements And actions
of Wendell Willkie are important. Here is a
man who, in the midst of a vigorous campaign
for intervention, finds time to defend the basic
civil rights of someone with whose ideology he
Personally, Willkie stands to gain nothing,I
lose everything in so doing. He will undoubtedly
lose much more of whatever support he has left
in Republican and conservative Democratic cir-
cles. He will also lose the support of many con-
servative and reactionary isolationists. These
persons will probably never again vote for him-
for any public office. Both isolationist and inter-
ventionist liberals will, on the other hand, agree
with him, applaud him, but they will never com-
pletely trust him, will probably never vote for
him because of his past record as president of,
a far-from-progressive corporation.
WHILE THIS EDITORIAL is no attempt to
paint Wendell Willkie as a liberal, while it
is no attempt to completely whitewash him.
And 'Dictator' Roosevelt...
M UCH HAS BEEN WRITTEN, mch
has aeen said, and an increasing
amount is being done about the danger of a New
Deal dictatorship in the United States. The
America Firsters, the isolationists, the true patri-
ots, and the great American ostriches are raving
up and down the land about an absolute Roose-
velt, when the nation goes to war.
In analyzing this sentiment, the most striking
aspect to be considered is its source. By any
stretch of the logic so often employed by the
Administration's opponents, it should be coming
from the nation's rank and file, the discontented
workmen, the poorly fed and the ill-housed. The
downtrodden masses must be screamkg out their
protests against a Democratic iron heel whichis
grinding them into dust. The great residue of
America should be breathing fire about that
man in Washington who is sticking the nation's
nose into something which is none of the na-
BUT WHO are Roosevelt's accusers-those who
say he is aiming at one-man rule over the
entire nation? They are men who either exhibit
non-democratic leanings or represent non-
democratic classes. Among them is Charles H.
Lindbergh, who has never specifically denied
the implications of Naziism in his speeches, writ-
ing and actions. Among them is Rev. Charles
Coughlin, who is far beyond the stage where he
would be able to make any denials. And also
among them is a whole group of opportunistic
politicians that are sacrificing their responsi-
bilities now for a 1944 political campaign.
If the word "dictator" is to be thrown at any
of America's leaders, it can only be based on
their' past records in the national government.
Roosevelt has been the most liberal and least
hide-bound of the nation's past four presidents.
His pre-war record is studded with social and
economic advances which should have been in-
corporated into the nation's statutes years be-
fore. He has faced the opposition of powerful
private interests and the bulk of the nation's
press, but he has been returned to the White
House three times with an overwhelming popular
IF MR. ROOSEVELT is to be the first Ameri-
can dictator he will not have the backing of
those groups which 'have predominated totali-
tarianism's inception in other countries. Nor
will he have a nucleus of goose-stepping robots
and white-shirted night riders ready to-substi-
tute terrorism for civil law. Mr. Roosevelt and
his New Deal have been consistently opposed by
those men within whom dictatorial symptoms
can be seen.
There is a danger of absolute government in
the United States. But the danger will be from.
our present crank demagogues, who can sing
"The Star Spangled Banner" and "God Bless
America" while beating time to a fascistic hymn
CHRISTMAS, a medley of religious music, com-
Smercial activity, church programs, friendly
greetins, feasts and wholesome home life is at
hand. In this solitark engagement our western
religion has fully denonstrated one of its
chief functions - "the celebration of values."
Through the ages it has been religion which has
picked up a social value and celebrated it so
that even the children and the ignorant could
enjoy the satisfactions thus released. Other-
wise, the satisfactions would have existed only
for the ones trained to perceive or able to com-
prehend the good in its native state. On the
Sabbath it is God in His rest with man reflect-
ing upon all that is good. At Easter and spring-
time it is newness of life and the victory of
growth over decay that is celebrated.
At points, those who lead in religion have dis-
mally failed. In two aspects no adequate cele-
bration of acquired values has been evolved.
Thanksgiving, compared to Christmas, stops
short. Here is the value of a whole continent
with its vast resources, a tiny colony of devout
persons suffering the cruel austerity of a New
England climate, a meager harvest of strange
foodstuffs, resulting in a gratitude which was
sublime. Today the values there introduced lie
about us in abundance and a democracy dearly
bought is ours, but the Church has failed to lead
our American people to a celebration of Thanks-
giving which is deep, sacred, dramatic, colorful,
and unforgettable to child, adult, sinner or saint.
LIFE ITSELF in our scientific period, for every
baby born today, -has been extended fully
twenty years beyond the expectancy of the baby,
born fifty years ago. This enduring value should
be celebrated elaborately, dramatically, beauti-
fully and devoutly. Celebration of values derived
from biological discovery, the igerm teary
of disease and their application in the science of
health and medicine is a duty of religious lead-
ers. Here is a task for you who are adept in play
production and music, engaged with your asso-
ciates in the history of science. Give us a series
of moving scenes which will celebrate life ex-
pectancy as successfully as those mystery plays
staged in Hill Auditorium last summer cele-
brated the Jesus of history. Let every University
man or woman as he joins in the Hallelujah
chorus of the Messiah or sings "Oh Little Town
of Bethlehem" dream of seeing two more val-
ues-our American heritage and our biological
gain woven by ceremony into the emotional life
of our Nation.
--Edward W. Blakeman,
Counselor in Religious Education
°ASHINGTON-Should the British ask the
United States to supply beer on lend-lease?
This became a practical problem the other
day in discussions between Morris Wilson, head
of the British Purchasing Commission, and Ed-
ward Stettinius, Lend-Lease Administrator.
The beer was wanted by the British in great
quantities, especially for the fighting Tommies
in Afrita. As Wilson himself put it:
"If you deprive aBritish soldier of his pint of
beer a day-well, you might as well deprive him
of his gun.
STETTINIUS SAW the point, and was willing
to write down beer on the books. But Wilson
changed his mind. He reflected on the public
reaction in the United States among people who
do not regard beer, as the British do, as a part
of equipment for defense.
So he said to Stettinius, "This item might
sAe day give you an uncomfortable ten minutes
with the Congress. So let's forgt it."
Result was that the British Tommy in Libya
will have to look elsewhere for his daily pint.
WITH AMERICAN industries .crying for war
materials the government has finally got
around to seizing a giant horde of semi-manu-
factured war materials, originally intended for
the conquered countries.
Tons upon tons of steel bars, steel rods, steel
sheets, ship plates, tin plate, copper wire were
ordered by Poland, Czechoslovakia, Holland and
Belgium, some of it three years ago. It has been
in warehouses and idle freight cars ever since,
despite the scarcity of raw materials and despite
the fact that some industries are even closing
for lack of them. '
WHY THIS HORDE of priceless material was
untouched for so long is a mystery. But the
secret is first, government red tape and bureau-
cracy; second, the fact that owners of these ma-
terials, who were holding them for higher prices,
did not want to sell.E
The old Export Control Board under Gene'al
Russell Maxwell, who is now devoting his abili-
ties to the Near East, did nothing about this
treasure horde. But now Henry Wallace's Eco-
nomic Defense Board is finally movingin.
A small haul was made earlier this year in
Hoboken, N.J., of aluminum and other materials,
but the coming seizures are on a far greater
scale. Of one commodity alone, tin plate, there
will be 100,000 cases, or 15,000 tons, taken from
three areas, New York, Philadelphia, and Balti-
The total haul of all commodities will be be-
tween t0 and 25 thousand carloads, which, at an
average of 50 tons to the car, means over a
THE ECONOMIC Defense Board will use only
$200,000to finance the requisitioning of all
this material, the value of which runs into many
millions. Most of it will be seized and sold again
on the same day, so the $200,000 will be nerely a
Recipients of the goods will be companies
which have been gnashing their teeth for priori-
ties and licenses.
Senate's Best Dressed Man
SILVER-HAIRED, handsome Senator Guy Gil-
lette of Iowa tells this one on himself.
At breakfast the other morning his wife lec-
tured him briskly on the condition of his ward-
"Why, you're a fright," scolded Mrs. Gillette.
"I do believe you're the shabbiest dresser in the
Senate. That suit you wear every day looks
terrible. Please go out and buy a new one."
Senator Gillette went to his office and was
dictating when a young lady was shown in.T
"I'm with'magazine," she began.
"I've been-assigned to interview you, Senator."
"What about?", asked Gillette.
"Why, Senator, haven't you seen the news-
papers?" was the wide-eyed retort. "You've been
selected by a group of style experts as the best
dressed man in the Senate."
Sixty-nine-year-old Senator John Bankhead
of Alabama, hunting for a furnished apartment,
insisted on a soft bed. Accompanied by a rej
estate agent, he tested each bed by lying down
and practically taking a nap . . . Most Sena-
tors keep the doors of their private offices
closed. Exceptions are Herring of Iowa, Burton
of Ohio, and Truman of Missouri . . . General
Seth Williams of the Marine Corps shares the
housewife's worry over rising food costs. He
finds the daily ration per man in the U.S.M.C.
costs 53 cents today, against 39 cents last yeax
. Everyone is getting increased wages, ex-
cept the poor postman. The cost of living has
gone up but he can't strike against the govern-
The Trains Will Run
Settlement of the long-threatened railroad
strike which would have affected all the rail-
roads in the United States bolsters confidence
,in the mediation process.
It should encourage application of something
like the Railway Labor Act to defense industries
generally through some one of the bills pend-
ing in Congress. For the series of negotiations,
mediations, and investigatory processes pre-
scribed by law in the case of the railroads has
averted a tie-un of almost unimaginable serious-
j 'Reg. (i. S. PAt CU .AU i ts. Rea.
"If it's remnants you're interested in why not wait 'til we get home
and look at my shirts, socks, and underwear?"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN'
(Continued from Page 2)
Symphony Orchestra, Serge Kousse-;
vitzky, Conductor, Wednesday, De-t
cember 10, at 8:30 o'clock, in Hill
Auditorium. The orchestra will play
three symphonies, the "Haffner"t
Symphbin' by Mozart; William Schu-
man's No. 3; and the Brahms No. 4.l
Charles A. Sink, President A
The Ann Arbor Art Association
presents ,an exhibition of colored1
lithbgraphs and wood block sprints
by Georges Rouault and watercolors
and small sculptures by William Zor-t
ach in the Rackham Building Ex-t
hibition Galleries through December
10, 2:00-5:00 and 7:30-9:00 p.m.-
University Lecture: Professor R. C.;
Bald of Cornell University will lec-
ture on the subject, "The Poet and his
Reading: John Donne," under the
auspices of the English Language and
Literature, on Monday, Dec. 8, at
4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre. The public is cordially in-
University Lecture: Mr. Laurente
C. S. Sickman, Curator of Oriental
Art, Nelson Gallery of Art, Kansas
City, Missouri, will lecture on the sub-
ject, "Landscape Painting of the Sung
Dynasty" (illustrated) under the aus-
pices of the Institute of Fine Arts, on
Friday, December 12, at 4:15 p.m. in
the Rackham Amphitheater. The
public is cordially invited.
Sigma Xi Lecture: Professor Har-
ley H. Bartlett of the Department of
Botany, will speak on the subject,
"Plans and Prospects for Rubber de-
velopment in the Western Hemi-
sphere," before the Michigan Chap-
ter of Sigma Xi, on Tuesday, De-
cember 9, at 8:00 p.m. in the Amphi-
theater of the Rackham Building.
Members may invite guests.
International Center: Dr. John
Muyslkens will speak tonight at the
international Center at 7:30. His
subject is "Language and Personal-
ity." Anyone interested is cordially
French Chorus: All Cercle Fran-I
cais members who are going to sing
carols at Tuesday's meeting will come
to a rehearsal today at 4:00 p.m.,
in the Reeharsal Room of the Mich-
GRIN AND BEAR IT
winsky, Sacre du Printemf
Concerto for Violin and
dially invited. There will be a brief
talk on "Neue Methoden der Shake-
speare-Forschung," by Mr. HerewardK
Mathematics Club will meet Tues-
day, December 0, at 8:00 p.m in thes
West Conference Room, Rackham
Building. Professor Hildebrandt- will
speak on "The Abel-Dini Theorem
in Infinite Series."
Boys Interested in Flying': Lieu-1
tenant Lee Edwards, Commander of
the Naval Air Corps, and Lieut. John
White, Chief Inspector, from the
Grosse Ile Naval Yards, will speak
on "Flying for the Navy" on Tues-
day, December 9, at 7:30 p.m. in
Room 1042 E. Engineering Building.
A film "Wings of the Navy" will also
bJg shown. All boys interested in the
Naval Air Corps or in the Civilian
Pilot Training Course are invited to
All-Campus Carol Sing will be held
at the steps of the main Library on
Sunday, December 14, at 9;00 p.m.
Professor David Mattern will lead
the sing with the assistance of the
University Glee Clubs and a mixed
chorus. The Carol Sing, sponsored
by the Student Religious Associa-
tion, is open to the entire campus
The committee of the new Poli-
tical Science organization will meet
Monday at 3:15 p.m. in the lobby of
the Union. Room number will be on
Le Cercle Francais will hold its
Christmas meeting Tuesday, Decem-
ber 9, at 8:00 p.m. at the Michigan
League. A Christmas program will
be offered. Refreshments. Those who
do not have their membership cards
may obtain them at the door.
Berkshire Music Center: Auditions
for membership in the advanced stu-
dent orchestra for the third summer
term at Tanglewood, July 5 to August
5-will be conducted by members of
the Boston Symphony Orchestra,
Wednesday, December 10, at 4:30 p.m.
in the Michigan League building.
Pre-Medical Society Meeting on
Tuesday, Dec. 9, at 8:00 p.m. in the
Michigan Union. Dr. John Alexan-
der, surgeon in chief of thoracic sur-
gery at the University Hospital, wll
lecture on the film "A Single Stage
Lobectomy." Pamphlets concerning
entrancesi requirements to various
medical schools will be given out. All
Members of the F.T.A. will meet on
Tuesday, December 9, at 4:00 p.m.
in the Elementary School Library.
Election of officers. A panel will be
held entitled, "Why Teach." Mem-
bers of the panel will be George A.
Beauchamp, James D. McConnell and
Malcolm B. Rogers. Members please
Religious Education Workshop:
Subject for discussion on Tuesday,
December 9, 7:00-9:00 p.m., in 9
University Hall, will be: "Religion at
the University Level." Panel: Miss
Mildred Sweet and the Reverend C.
H. Loucks. Graduate students wel-
The Fellowship of Reconciliation
will meet on Monday at 7:00 p.m. in
Lane Hall. Kenneth Morgan will
continue his discussion of the sub-
ject: "The Role of a Pacfist America
in the World of Today."
Interviews for Orientation Advis-
ers, names C. Iselman through M. L.
Ushering Committee of J.G.P. will
meet on Monday, at 4:00 pm. In the
Meeting of the Merit System Com-
mittee on Monday at 4:30 p.m. in
the League. Will the members please
have their League House >file com-
The Michigan Alumnae Club will
meet Tuesday, December 9, at 3 p.m
at the Michigan League. Miss Har-
riet Harwood of Detroit will talk on
"What Books do you want for Christ-
mas?" She will bring with her a
book display of the latest publica-
The Bibliophiles Group of the Fac-
ulty Women's Club will meet on
Tuesday afternoon at 2:30 with Mrs.
T. G. Hegge, Northville.
Wesley Foundation: Monday Bible
Class at 7:30 p.m. in Room 214 of the
Methodist Church. The next sub-
ject "Money" in the series "Develop-
ing Religious Ideas" will be dis-
Faculty Women's Club: The Music
Section will meet Tuesday, December
9, at 8:00 p.m., at the home of Mrs.
G. E. Densmore, 2116 Melrose Ave.
Miss Mary Fishburne will give a
piano lecture on modern music.
St. Paul's Lutheran Church: Bible
Class at 9:30 a.m. Morning worship
service at 10:45. ermon by Rev.
C. A. Brauer on "Christ's Second
Advent." The first Sunday evening
Advent service begins at 7:45 p.m.
Holy Communion will be celebrated
during the service. !Preparatory
service at 7:25 p.m.
Zion. Lutheran Church: Church
worship service with sermon by Rev.
E. C. Stellhorn on "Advent Admoni-
Trinity Lutheran Church: Service
of worship at 10:30 'with sermon by
Rev. Henry O. Yoder on "According
to the Ability."
Unitarian 'Church: 11 a.m. Church
Service, ""My Clerical Colleagues."
"Discussion by Rev. H. P. Marley of
the two books, "One Foot in Heaven"
and "Keys to the Kingdom."
7:30 p.m. Student meeting, "Stress-
es and Strains in the Nea-East, " by
I. R. Khaidi of Jerusalem.
9:00 p.m. Folk Dancing, led by
Society of Friends (Quakers) will
meet at Lane Hall on Sunday,
5:00 p.m. Meeting. for worship.
6:00 p.m. Fellowship supper.
First Methodist Church and Wes-
ley Foundation: Student Class at
9:30 a.m. with Prof. Eenneth Hance.
Morning Worship at 10:40 o'clck.
Dr. Charles W. Brashares will preach
on "Personal Gift." Wesleyan Gu6ild
meeting at 6:00 p.m. The Graduate
Group will meets in the Recreation
Room for a discussion with Dr. Blake-
man on the subject "The Social and
Emotional." The Group will present
the play "Peace I Give Unto You,"
for the undergraduates. At 7:00 pm.
both groups will have supper and fel-
First Congregational Church: 10:45
a.m. Services held in Lydia Mendels-
soh n. Dr. Leonard A. Parr, minister,
will preach on "The World in the
5:30 ,p.m. Ariston League, high
school group, will meet in Pilgrim
Hall. Miss Irene Boelts will talk
on "Life in the Southern Highlands."
7:15 p.m. Student Fellowship in
Church parlors. Wayne Saari, fresh-
man in the University, will tell of his
travels this summer in a talk en
titled'50,000 Miles by Thumb," Re-
Varsity Men's Glee
will be a rehearsal at
day in the Glee Club
member must attend
4:30 p.m. to-
Graduate Outing club: Activity at
the regular Sunday meeting will de-
pend upon the weather. Meet at
2:30 p.m. today, west rear door,
All" committee chairmen for Union
Opera are required to be at the Un-
ion today at 6:00 o'clock sharp for
an important meeting. There will
also be a meeting of the Executive
Committee at the same time. The
room number will be posted.
Gamma Delta Student Club will
have a fellowship supper at St. Paul's;
Church today at 6:00 p.m. A pro-
gram will follow the supper.
Hillel Foundation: There will be
a bridge tournament for fraternities
and sororities at the Foundationr at
First Baptist Church: 10:15 a.m.
Graduate Class under Prof. Charles
Brassfield in the church. Undergrad-
uate Class under Rev. C. H. Loucks,
in the Guild House. Other classes
for every member of the family.
11:00 a.m. Observance of the Lord's
Supper. Communion Meditation -
"Satisfactions of Sacrifice."
7:00 p.m. Church Reception for all
Baptist Students and their friends
will be held 'in the Church Parlors.
Mr. Kenneth Morgan will speak on
"The Role of the Church in Higher
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
Sunday, 8:00 a.m. Holy Communion;
10:00 a.m. High School Class; 11:00
a.m. Kindergarten, Harris Hall;
11:00 a.m. Junior Church; 11:00a.m.
Holy Communion and Sermon by the
Rev. Henry Lewis; 4:00-6:00 p.m. H
Square Club meeting, Harris' Hall;
6:00 p.m. Choral Evensong (Men's
and Boys' Choir)-Choir Reunion;
7:30 p.m. Episcopal Student Guild
Meeting, Harris Hall. Prof. Arthur
W. Bromage will speak on "Citizen
Action in Local Government." Com
pline at 8:30 p.m. Refreshments and
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
Sunday morning service at 10:30.