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November 30, 1941 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-11-30

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Editorial

Colder, Cloudy
With Light Rainl

Now is The Time
For American Action . .

_:,

VOL LH. No, 54 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1141 Z-323

PRICE Ffl CENT

Roosevelt

Warns America

To

Expect

War

British Army Russian Troops Retake Rostov
ot AIAs Nanzi Soldiers Flee In Rout

,

I kU|['k
Of Combined
FascistForces
Tanks Battle To Deadlock
As Joined Axis Troops1
AttemptBreakthrough
Vichy Government
Yields To Germans
(By The Associated Press)
CAIRO, Nov. 29-German and Ital-
ian forces trapped east of Tobruk
have reassembled "their remaining
tanks" and. in a mighty effort to es-
cape from their incirclement, have
smashed head-on into a British wall
and become deadlocked in a newr
major tank battle, the British an-
nounced today.
The battle began yesterday morn-
ing southeast of Rezegh and contin-
ued fiercely throughout the day and,
into the evening, "without either side
having given or gained ground," the
British Middle East comand stated
in its communique.
The problem of the German com-
mander. Gen. Erwin Rommel, is to
get his once-powerful mechanized
and motorized panzer units westward
out of immediate danger as efficiently
as possible; the British aim to keep
them isolated, break them into smal-
ler units, and annihilate them.
In assembling for the big break-out
effort the Italian ariete ("battering
ram") division managed to join the
Nazi panzer forces, a British spokes-
man said, thereby forming a combin-
ation making the battle highly im-
portant and on a 'considerable" scale.
Infantry fighting as heavy as any.
yet seen in Africa was raging around
Tobruk, the spokesman said, although
he emphasized that the main British
aim was to smash the panzers.1

* s s
) VOKMAONlpZH
HA KOV
4LENSPETO STAL S
*'Q DNROSTOV
NIKOLAEV "EI

t
a

Inside Today's Daily ..
Navy whips Army. 14-6. Page 3,
Wolverine Natators down Olney-
Ville, Page 3.
Oregon State chooses Fordham as
tRose Bowl opponent; 'Misscissippi
State, Georgia accept Orange Bowl
bids, Page 3.
Turner's analysis of the Far East-
ern situation, Page 8.
J-Hop ticket sale announcement,
Page 5.

President Says U.S.
May Fight Next Year.
WARM SPRINGS. Ga.. Nov. 29.- .--President Roosevelt asserted to-
night that it was always possible that at next Thanksgiving time "our boys
in the military and naval academies may be fighting for the defense of

-.. .+.+ w.+. . . .. _ c -. -. - u1 aic 11.C. 111a... 4C. 11=1'. 1, 5 U1 t. 4UtCI CI fl. tS
our American institutions."
t ' The Chief Executive made that ominous declaration in an informal ad-
a ive M inies dress at a dinner tonight at the Warm Springs Foundation for Infantile
Paralysis Victims.
Accept Termis Returning to the "Little Whitehouse" on Pine Mountain, he found a call
M e afrom Secretary Hull awaiting him, and reached the opinion that he might
-01 ( have to leave here tomorrow afternoon, and arrive in Waslington Monday
morning, in view of a statement by Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo.
Wishes World American Thanksgiving
Railroad Labor Leaders He spoke of people in other lands overrun or attacked and those even
Express Their Readiness in countries wiich are attacking. Then he added solemnly: I think wecan
offer up a little silent prayer that these people 'Will be able to hold next
_____Si ato year a Thanksgiving more like an American Thanksgiving. That is some-
NEW YORK. Nov. 29-.~-Presi- thing to dream about, perhaps.
dent Roosevelt's three-man board ar- "In days like these our Thanksgiving next year may remind us of a peace-
bitrating the stormy union shop issue ful past: it is always possible that our boys in the military and naval acad-
in the captive coal mines announced emies may be fighting for the defense of these American institutions of ours."
today that all but one of the steel The President. who twice postponed trips to Warm Springs, where he;
companies involved had agreed to had planned to observe Thanksgiving, said he could not help thinking of
abide by whatever decision the board those things and the dangers overhanging the country while he was in
meakes. Washington contemplating his journey a week and a half ago. He said he
Company announced it was withhold- might have to go back tomorrow or the next day, but he did not know.
ing a commitment as to whether it United States In Unique Position
would abide by the forthcoming de- And, he said. this was a year for thanksgiving especially because the
cision. people in the Warm Spring dining room, in the community, the state and
Dr. John R. Steelman, representing the United States were in a very unique position today. The United Statest
the public on the board, emerged from is one of the largest nations in the world, Mr. Roosevelt remarked, and
a four and a half hour conference nearly all the other large nations are involved in a war of some kind or nor-
with John L. Lewis. President of the mal lives within them are almost completely blotted out or controlled by a
CIO United Mine Workers. and Ben- dictator.
jamin F. Fairless, President of U. S
Steel Corp., the other board members.
and said: . f
'And of the captive mine operators Japs To Purge East Asia
except one. and the United Mine
Workers of America have advised1
the arbitration board as to the evi-
dence they desire to have considered.O
"The Crucible Steel Co., which oper-
ates only one mine,has not yet agreed
to the procedure "(B The Associated Pres)
Steelman said that the board would TOKYO, Nov. 29.-premier Hideki Tojo solemnly and publicly declared
continue its deliberations until a con- tonight the determination of Japan to purge British and American influence
clusion was reached. from East Asia "with a vengeance-for the honor and pride of mankind."

Rostov, center of contention in the southernmost battle area, was
retaken by the Russians yesterday with an overwhelming counter-of-
fensive temporarily ending the German Caucasus threat. In the area
south of Moscow the Nazis continued to advance toward Stalinogorsk,
but mentioned stiffening Soviet resistance. North of Moscow another
Russian counter-attack was claimed in progress, but Berlin reported a
successful drive to Solnetschnogorski, 31 miles from the capital. White
arrows indicate Soviet thrusts.
* * * -
BY The Aocaed Prs) chor had been counted in the attack car-
MOSCOW, Nov. 29-Rostov. neaoucFrday
in the defense of the Caucasus, has og iey
Taganrog lies 40 miles wist of Ros-

Vichy Government
Yields To Germans
LONDON, Nov. 29. - A foreign
source reported tonight that the
Vichy Government had yielded to
German demands for air and naval
-ontrol in French North Africa along
both the Mediterranean and Atlan-
tic.
Supervision of four air bases for-
merly linked by the French commer-
clal airline, Air France, already has
been taken over by German officers,
ground crews and personnel. this
source said.
The modern Tunisian port of Biz-
erte, one of France's wartime naval
bases, has likewise been yielded, he
added.
In Vichy, government sources de-
nied categorically that air and naval
bases had been ceded to the Ger-
mans and gave official assurance that
no Germans have filtered into the
North African territory.,
None of these reports could be
confirmed immediately in either Bri-
tish or American circles in London.
The heavIly-fortified line in the
old defense area between Tunisia and
Tripolitania also was reported to have
been subjected to infiltration by
small groups of Germans. This was
the line on which the French count-
ed to block possible Italian attacks
against Tunisia.

4w
J

been delivered from the German in-
vader, the southern German army
of Field Marshal General Ewald von
Kleist has been smashed and five of
his tank, motorized and SS divisions
are fleeing in rout. the Russians de-'
clared tonight.
Seven hundred miles to the north.
on the northwestern sector of the
Moscow front. the Germans also were'
declared to have been thrown for a'
heavy loss. A Moscow broadcast said

It was admitted by Berlin, late
Saturday, that the Nazi troops had
fallen back from the principal sec-
tions of Rostov on the Don, loosing
their hold on a strategic European
prize of war for the first time since
the teriporary withdrawal from the
Norwegian port of Narvik in the
spring of 1940.
winter-hardened Soviet troops had
sprung across the ice-bridged Volga
southeast of Kalinin and recaptured
at least four towns in a drive into the
flank of the German salient thrust
menacingly toward the Red capital.
A special announcement on Rostov
said Joseph Stalin had sent congrat-
ulations to Soviet troops for the "de-'
liverance of Rnstov from the Fascist

tov on the shore of the Black Sea. . As the Japanese Cabinet met in special session for a second day to con-
Rostov is on the north bank of the Railroad Brotherhood sider the United States note outlining America's policies in the Orient, Tojo
Don which in the neighborhood of i broadcast this message to the people of Japan, China and Manuchukuo.
the attack runs almost in an east- It was understood the cabinet had formulated Japan's reply to the Wash-
west direction, emptying into the WASHINGTON, Nov. 29 -T - ington note. While its contents were not disclosed here, it was reported to
few Spokesmen for railroad labor said to- =contain no reason for optimism.
sea afe miles b-eioW. day they were willing to take part in"TefcthtCinKa-eks
The special announcement later amediation conference later today t k Fr Ki iThe fact that Chiang Kai-Shek is
was repeated in a Soviet information or tomorrow ina final effort to avoid .Nick orKiddies dancing to the tune of Britain, Amer-
bureau communique which said the a threatened railroad strike set for Aim Of IFC Election ica and Communism at the expense
reoccupation of the port was accom- Dec. 7. _of able-bodied and promising young
panied by street fighting. Charles M. Hay. counsel for Rail- men in his resistance against Japan,
Northward of Rostov in the Donets road Brotherhoods. said he expected . There is a vicious rumor circulat-yddB
Basi th Rusian reortd a ew resden Rooevet'semerenc fat- ng on this campus that there isn't, is only due to the desire of Britain
Basin the Russians reported a few President Roose elt s emergency fact- _n at lu and the United States to fish in
days ago that they had made gains finding board to ask both labor and any Santa Claus. anj h ntdSttst ihi
of 6 or more miles, endanaerina the management to partake in such con- Pay no attention to such a bare-;troubled waters of East Asia by pit-
long salient the Germans had thrust ference after arguments are complet- faced falsehood, because there is go- tng East Asiatic peoples against one
along the Black Sea coast toward the ed today. ing to be a Santa Claus if the campus another and to grasp hegemony in.
Caucasus._has to elect one itself, which it will if East Asia.
if the real McCoy does not show up "This is the stock in trade of Bri-
SThe Germans said today they were Ohio State Grid Movies by Dec. 10 tain and the United States. For the
evacuating the central part of Ros- -dk.
tov "in order to make the most thor- Michigan's last football game of And why elect a Santa Claus? Be- honor and
ough preparations for necessary mea- the season, the 20-20 tie with Ohio cause that white-bearded gentleman
sures against the population" which State. will be replayed tonight at is essential to the success of the an- Far East Crisis
was accused of participating in guer- 7:30 when full-length moving pic- nual Christmas party which will take
rilla warfare. Whether these prep- tures of the contest are shown in the place at 3:30 p.m. Dec. 15 given for At A Glance
arations contemplated razing of the main ballroom of the Michigan Un- the children of Ann Arbor by the In- TOKYO-Premier Hedeki Tojo
city by bombardment was not statedJ ion. terfraternity Council. T pole Japan will purge Amer
ica and Britain from eastern Asia
"with a vengeance"; Cabinet con-
Crippled Yo u ngs tersRebuididers Washington negotiations for
second day in succession in midst of
-r : r - h 0 -j-%Li r err rw.r w : I acute crisis.

i
x
i

FDR Reveals
Thought Trend
On Strike BilL&
Favored Amendng Labor
Act Three Years Ago;
Feared Extremes
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29-:P-
Publication by the White House to-
night of hitherto confidential press
conference remarks disclosed that
President Roosevelt as far back as
April 21, 1938, favored amending the
Wagner Labor Relations Act by a
commission such as that created by
England to improve social welfare
laws periodically.
The President's remarks on the
Wagner Act were given at an off-the-
record interview with members of the
American Society of Newspaper Bdl-
tors three and a half years ago.
Asked wlCongress could not pass
legislation that would not be "one-
sided," the President replied:
"For this very simple reason: The
Wagner Act ought to have various
amendments made to it, but we are
funny people over here, We at once
go to the extremes, both on the Gide
of Labor and on the side of the em-
ployer. We all get upset and excited,
and we, say things we do not mean,
and we make overstatements.
English Social Leislation
"Now, in England, when they put
social legislation on the statute books,
they do it with the knowledge that
every year or so they will amend it.
Social security went into effect oe
there in 1911 and I think, without
exception, every Parliament has
amended it.
"Now, how do they amend it? They
have a royal commission that loois it
over. The commission is non-partisan,
there are business men on it ad
there are labor people on it. They de-
cide that the thing peeds certain im-
provements. The royal commission
makes a report to the Parliament and
the thing goes through, almost auto-
matically, without fuss or feathers.
SKeep Away From ?oUitcs
"If we had that temperament over
here, we would have improved'the
Wagner Act this year and improved
.he Social Security Act this year,
"eeping them out of, politics."
"Perhaps that is what COngres
ze ." an editor put in.
"I think you are right," Mr. Roose-
vaelt replied,
The President did not regard as
wholly justified" a statement- that.
he Labor Relations Board, which ad-
iinisters the Wagner Act, regarded
tself as a "bunch of prosecutors in-
:tead of a fact-finding body," but
Sonceded that was true in some cases.
Since that time, the personnel of the
Board has changed.
Machinery Needs Improving
Told that CIO organizers "forced"
;he closing of a cotton mill in Tupelo,
Miss., even though 90 per cent of the
100 workers were against forming a
anion, and that the townspeople later
took the organizer out and gave him
a "fairly good strafing," the President
said:
"The answer is not in beating up.
The answer is going to the courts
about it. Now the machinery-heav-
ens above!-the machinery needs im-
proving, of course it does, but do it
the English way. Do not damn every-
body about it. Try to get the thing
improved."
The Chief Executive at the same
1938 interview described the war be-
tween the CIO and AFL as a "very
personal row" and that would end
either in the two wing of labor be-
coming "fairly permanent" or in the
working out of a compromise between
the two.

At a conference with church editors
on April 20, 1938, the President agreed
there was danger of Fascism in the
United States because of the central-
ization of financial power in New
York.
Ganoe To Succeed
Lieut. Col. Brannan
Assignment of Col. William A.
Ganoe to succeed Lieut. Col. Francis
M. Brannan as professor of military
science and tactics and chairman of
the military department was announ-
ced by the War Department yester-
day.

E

i

Naz Vess

E

invaders," and raising "our glorious
Soviet flag in Rostoy." O
The Russians smashed into the
vital Black Sea port from two direc-
tions, one force under Commander By ROBERT MANTHO
Lemidov storming across the Don Up on the ninth floor of the Uni
river and occupying the southern part versity Hospital a group of friendly
of the city, while the other under little kids between six and twelv(
General Karitnov drove through from years of age are busy making Christ.
the northeast. jmas toys in the workshop provides
"Von Kleist's army has been smash- by Galens. honorary medical society

Shop Provided By Galens
ii

Sunk In Arctic
(By The Assocated Press)
LONDON, Nov. 29.-The Admiralty
announced today that two British
submarines had sunk at least eight
Axis troop and 'supply ships recently
yn Arctic waters. leading informed
British sources to believe that Ger-
many was having to replace battered
Finnish troops on the Murmansk
front.
The Admiralty's announcement in-
dicated the probability that numer-
otus other Axis vessels had been sunk
by British undersea craft which "have
been inflicting severe losses upon'
German troop transports and sup-
ply ships carrying reinforcements of
me, and material to the German
armies on the Murmansk front."
One of the British submarines, the

ed," declared the announcer. "His 6th,
14th and 16th tank divisions, 60th.
motor division and SS 'Viking' divi-
sions are fleeing in disorder in the
direction of Taganrog. The Red army
is following close on their heels. The
Germans have lost 5,000 killed."
He added that many war trophies
/
ONLY!
. E

Under the direction of John Naka-
mura. '42, instructor of the Galens
workshop. twenty of them come up
every day to use the saws and power
tools. the machines and the drills
which make Christmas something ex-.
tra special in their lives.
They all believe in Santa Claus and
they're all doing their best to make
their friends happy-these shut-in
kids who can't go outside and play
like other boys and girls they know-.
The Christmas spirit is strong inP
the Galen workshop where the crip-
pled little fellows are helping each
other make their toys "better than,
those you can buy in stores." They
ask the instructor a thousand ques-
tions each afternoon but that's be-
cause they want their toys to be }ust

SINGAPORE -British cancel
leaves of all roops as normal pre-
caution.
CHUNKING-Chinese army or-
gan expects war soon. Japanese
may attack Thailand or Yunnan
province, but Chinese and Thais
expect help
NEW YORK-Thais defense of-
ficial reported conferring with Brit-
ish at Singapore; Domei warns of
"provocation" if U. S. institutes air
patrol of Burma road.
'NNILA-Germans reported fos-
tering Japanese - Chinese peace
more.
HANOI-Thai troops reported
ready and preparing for the worst.
purge this sort of practice from East
Asia with a vengeance."
The Premier stressed the histori-
cal ties between Japan, China andI
Manchukuo and the necessity of na-
tions of East Asia to work together
for mutual prosperity without outside
influence.
Many countries, he said, were in-
dulging in actions hostile to Japan.
The Domei News Agency reported

- U 13 3 N- U

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