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November 01, 1941 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-11-01

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weather
Rain and colder.

Jr

Sit ian

4:3attg

Editorial
American Democracy
Cannot Survive W'4ar,,,

VOL. LIL No. 30 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

German Subs
Grow Bolder
As U.S. Loses
First Warship
Navy Information Reveals
Rescue Of 44 In Crew
Of ConvoyPatrol Boat
Incident Heightens
Senate Discussion
WASHINGTON, Oct. 31.-(P)-The
Navy tersely announced the rescue of
44 members of the crew of the Ameri-
can destroyer Reuben James tonight,
leaving the fate of some 70 more en-
listed men and seven officers still
the subject of anxious waiting and
inquiry.
But, beyond this and the fact that
the ship had been torpedoed and
sunk west of Iceland-the first Amer-
ican naval vessel to be sent to the
bottom since the war started-the
Department was still without infor-
mation.
Rescue Probable
Presumably, several ships may have
taken part in the rescue work, for
the Reuben James was on convoy
duty, and most commdnly advanced
theory for the lack of news was that
rescue ships were making no raslio
reports for fear of disclosing their
positions to Nazi submarines.
The first word of the incident,
which stirred and excited Washing-
ton, already embroiled in a bitter row
over foreign policy and revising the
Neutrality Act, was received this
morning in a short matter-of-fact
statement from the Navy.
Tonight, almost 12 hours later, it
had this to add:
Forty-Four Saved
"The Navy Department has re-
ceived a report that 44 members of
the crew. of the U.S.S. Reuben James
have been rescued. The survivors
who have been accounted for are al
enlisted men.
"The Navy Department has no
further information at this time. But
additional details will be released
when received."
Torpedoing Of Vessel
Starts Rot In Senate
WASHINGTON, Oct. 31-(')-Con-
gressional reaction to the sinking of
the destroyer Reuben James ranged
today from a demand by Senator
McKellar (Dem.-Tenn.) that the
Navy clear the seas of "raiders and'
pirates" to contentions by some legis-
lators that such incidents were to be
expected.
Senator Capper (Rep.-Kan.) said
"This apparently brings us closer to
a fighting war," but Senator Thomas
(Dem.-Utah) said there was no rea-
son for the country to "become in-
flamed."
"It is better to meet incident with
incident rather than to get into a
general war," Thomas declared.
Chairman Connally (Dem.-Tex.) of
the Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee, said: "This dastardly act of
aggression must be avenged."
Advocates of revising the Neutral-
ity Act quickly seized upon the inci-
dent as further evidence to support
their stand.
Senator Gurney (Rep.-S.D.) who
has urged repeal of the Neutrality
statute rather than its amendment
asserted: "This clinches the argu-
ment."
From Senator Gillette (Dem.Iowa)

who has opposed some administration
acts in the field of foreign policy,
came the declaration that "America
will protect her seamen, no matter
what mission they are on.. . . It does
no matter how unwise may have been
the vessel's duty."
Senator Aiken (Rep.-Vt.) said
President Roosevelt had ordered con-
voys "in spite of his repeated prom-
ises" and was "personally responsible
for whatever lives may have been
lost."
Other comment:
Senator Lucas (Dem.-Ill.)-"This
is further proof of Hitler's well-laid
plan and terroristic scheme to drive
every ship, regardless of its nation-
ality, out of the sea lanes of the
Atlantic."
Willkie Urges Immediate
Repeal Of Neutrality Act
NEW YORK, Oct. 31-(IP)-Com-
menting on the sinking of the de-
stroyer Reuben James, Wendell L.
Willkie called today for immediate
reneal of the Neutrality Act and de-

Army To Operate Plant;
Lewis Asked To Mediatet

Workers Cheer Soldiers
As Factory Reopens
EndingStrikes
BENDIX, N. J., Oct. 31-(P)-The
bayonet-encircled plant of Air Asso-
ciates, Inc., hummed tonight with de-
fense production under stern guard
of 2,100 soldiers who poured into the
striketorn area during the early
morning.
"The machines are turning in the
shop and shipments already have
been made of critical material," Col.:
Roy M. Jones, Army Air Corps officer
in charge of federal operation of the
aircraft factory, announced.
More than half of the 700 produc-
tion workers already have been re-
hired, he told a press conference late
today inside the plant, which holds
$5,000,000 in defense orders for vital
aviation equipment. "We are taking
the men back as quickly as we can
handle them" without regard to their
former status.
Hill Stays Away"
One of the former company men
not back on the payioll was F. Leroy
Hill, president of Air Associates,
whose battles with the CIO, United
Automobile Workers of America led
to a Presidential proclamation seiz-
ing the plant to avoid a threatened
;production halt.
"Hill has gone home and is not
coming back as far as I know," said
the new boss of the plant. "He is now
a former employe."
Colonel Jones said Hill had agreed
to co-operate in every way as had
other members of the exeecutive staff
of the firm. Hill said he did not know
whether he was rehired or not but
would co-operate.I
Opponents Return
Both CIO workers and non-strikers,
bitter opponents during the months
of labor dispute that evoked three
CIO and one non-union walkouts as
well as several violent clashes, lined
up in the morning at the roadway
leading to the plant and awaited
Army rehiring.
They cheered in unison when Colo-
nel Jones announced the Army would
rehire with th only consideration the
patriotism of the workers.
Flanking the employes and barring
entrance to the single road to the
plant's front gate was a platoon of
steel-helmeted coast artillery officers
and men, armed with tear gas, riot
guns, naked bayonets and 60 rounds
of ammunition.
New Crime Wave
Hits CityBuildings
The recent crime wave, in which!
four fraternity houses and three Uni-
versity buildings were burglarized,
was renewed yesterday when New-
berry Hall was broken into and a
moving picture projector stolen dur-
ing the noon hour. -
An entrance was forced through
the front door sometime between
12:05 and 12:55 p.m., police said. Be-
cause of the valuable archaeological
collections which the building houses,
all entrances are locked during the
noon hour.
The Newberry Hall robbery was
one of a series of eight burglaries
which took place between 10:43 a.m.
and 1:30 p.m. Offices in the Wol-
verine, First National and Michigan
Theatre buildings were also entered
and robbed.

Defense Board Will State
Recommended Action
In Mine Walkout
WASHINGTON, Oct. 31.-(P)-The
Defense Mediation Board today asked
John L. Lewis and 16 steel company
executives to meet with it Monday
for a discussion of the captive coal
mine dispute.
Chairman William H. Davis indi-
cated the Board would, within a few
days after that meeting, r.ecom-
mend for or against a union shop
in the coal mines owned by major
steel companies. But he declared
the Board would not be hurried into
a decision by "pressure." This was
a reference to Lewis' action in set-
ting Nov. 15 as the deadline for a
new strike unless the Board acted
before then.
Lewis retorted Davis' "point is not
well taken."
The request to Lewis and the steel
executives was dispatched after 31
Mediation Board members and al-
ternates had held a preliminary dis-
cussion of the union shop issue and
matters of procedure, then recessed
for the weekend to study a transcript
of previous proceedings in the case.
The Davis-Lewis exchange was by
correspondence.
Davis first made public a letter to
Lewis which noted the UMW chief's
statement that the truce in the strike
of 53,000 miners would be extended
to Nov. 15 and added:
"I have at this time no reason to
doubt that the Board can easily com-
plete its consideration of the dispute
and make its final recommendations
sometime next week, but however that
may be, the board will proceed to
consider the merits of the dispute
carefully, calmly, and not under pres-
sure."
British To Get
Inc reased Aid
In Middle East
CAIRO, Egypt, Oct. 31-(P)--A
United States military mission head-
ed by Brig. Gen. Russel L. Maxwell
is scheduled to arrive here within two
weeks to take charge of all phases of
American aid to Britain in Africa, it
was disclosed today.
The mission will be followed by
hundreds of American technicians,
both military and civil, to put into
effect the vast program to be under-
taken here under the Lend-Lease Act.
The American activity will include
not only getting war supplies into an
ever-increasing volume but mainte-
nance of American tanks, airplanes,
and various construction projects-
in fact everything connected with the
war short of actual combat.
It is considered probable here that
the mission's work will embrace sur-
veys for a possible landing of an
American expeditionary force in
Africa.
This does not mean any such plan
has been decided upon. It merely
means that the War Department
wants to have as much preliminary
work as possible achieved in case it
ever is decided to send an American
Army to this continent and to have
the fullest information as to possible
campsites and other facilities.

Ted Kennedy
Elected Head
of Eigineers
Runner-Up Bill Collamore
Chosen Vice-President
In Yesterday's Voting
Senior Class Picks
Officers For Year
Ted Kennedy, '42E, varsity football
center, was elected president of the
senior class in the College of Engi-
neering at the annual class elections
held yesterday.
As runner-up in the presidential
balloting, Bill Collamore, president
of the University student chapter of
the American Institute of Chemical
Engineers, was named vice-president
under the regulations of the election.
Class secretary for the year will be
Harry Imming, while Bob Imboden,
a member of the Technic staff, will
serve as class treasurer. Tom Will-
iams was elected Engineering Council
representative.
Although less than half the senior
class voted in the election, election
chairman Verne C. Kennedy, '42E,
reported that the vote was heavier
this year than it usually is.
Still to be elected in general engi-
neering elections are two freshman
representatives to the Engineering
Council, to be voted on Wednesday,
in regular freshman assemblies.
With strict regulations against
electioneering in the form of passing
out slips and putting up signs, the
election committee has decided to
take pictures of all freshman candi-
dates, the prints to be posted on the
Engineering Council bulletin board
so that all freshmen may become
acquainted with the nominees.
Running in the freshman election
will be George Collins, James Eyster,
Walter Miller, Jack Mansfield, Al
Shevin and Ray Yagle.
Members of the election committee
were 'Kennedy, John Burnham, '42E,
Don West, '43E, and David Wey-
meyer, '44E.
Vichy Ignores
{DeGaulle Plea
For Opposition
Sympathy Standstill Fails
To Gain French Support
In Unoccupied Territory
VICHY, Unoccupied France, Oct.
31-(P)-The Frenchmen of Petain
and the New Order turned their
backs today on General Charles De
Gaulle's plea for a five-minute stand-
still protest against the execution of
French hostages by the Germans.
The extent of the response by other
Frenchmen in the unoccupied zone
could not be judged impartially, but
at least there were no reports of un-
toward incidents. The occupied zone
was, as usual, a dead spot in inde-
pendent communications.
tA DNB dispatch from Paris to
Berlin said the streets of that occu-
pied capital presented their usual ap-
pearance at the appointed time and
that no incidents had been reported
by early evening).
If what could be seen of Vichy's
response was typical the De Gaullist
call was a failure in the unoccupied
zone.
What could be learned of the re-
sponse bore out the previous conclu-

sion of most Vichy observers that it
was unlikely to become widespreadI
because less than half the population
knew of the appeal and the others
were unable to comply without dan-
ger of arrest.
A Free French spokesman in Lon-
don, where De Gaulle And his staff
stood ceremoniously at attention for
the allotted five minutes, said some
days would elapse before De Gaulle's
reports through secret channels fill
in the picture of how German-domi-
nated Freichmen responded,
A Army Sees Compact
New X-Ray Machine
LOUISVILLE, Ky., Oct. 31-(A-
Development of a new 100.000-volt
X-ray machine which can be swung
into action on the battlefield within
15 minutes was described today to
members of the Association of Mili-
tary Surgeons.
Tlje unit, carried in five suitcases,
is the newest answer to the problem'
of saving lives in modern warfare.

Michigan
Fifth Vic
Over Tri(

tory

Of

Gridders Seek

Season

sky Illini Today
**

_ ,.
--- .,

Reuben James
Affair Brings
Conflict Closer
European War Is Nearing
American Continent,
SimpsonSays
By KIRKE L. SIMPSON
The torpedo-mangled hull of the
United States destroyer Reuben
James has gone to the cold sea floor
of the North Atlantic somewhere west
of Iceland, a grim reminder to the
natidn that an Old World conflict
again has crossed the eastern thresh-
old of the New.
Iceland, with its British-American
garrison, is a rampart of New World
defense. Westward of that outpost
American warcraft of sea and air are
shepherding vital war cargoes for
England or supplies for the Iceland
garrison. They are under orders to:
shoot on sight at marauding Axis
raiders. The Reuben James is the
third American naval craft attacked
in that defense zone.
Sinkings Decline
Twenty days ago British naval au-
thorities in Iceland revealed that
from the hour when -the American
shoot-on-sight patrol began Sept. 15,
no ship of war of commercethas been
lost in the North Atlantic to enemy
submarine attacks. They then fore-
cast, however, that the Nazis would
step up'their U-boat warfare in those
seas to meet the challenge of the
Arican patrol.
That forecast seems fully justified
now. With three American destroyers
attacked in the patrol zone, one of
them badly hit and another sunk,:
there is every reason to believe Berlin
has ordered its U-boat commanders
to. defy the Washington mandate.
Motive
Hitler's motive in issuing such or-
dbrs is not so clear. Berlin's efforts
to dismiss the attack on the Greer
and that of the Kearny as uncon-
firmed and probably fictitious, in-
dicated Hitler was unready then to
risk open war with this country, at
least until his Russian campaign had
reached a decisive point. ,
He apparently hoped he could soon
release German air power from the
eastern front to supplement a re-
invigorated Atlantic attack on Eng-
land's lifelines during the coming
winter. Despite stunning Russian de-
feats, however, there is no longer
any assurance of a complete victory
before the Russian winter stagnates
the vast battle there. And into the
rising scale of Nazi submarine as-
saults on American warships within
the Atlantic patrol zone now can be
read another possible meaning.
The British report that submarines
have had no success against North
Atlantic shipping for a month or so
meant the American patrols had per-
mitted the British to increase their
anti-submarine operations.
C.A.A. Board Sta

Indian Chief.. .

"LIZ" ASTROTH
Ickes Scores
ALCOA Pact;
Accuses Jones.
Secretary Of Interior Hits
At Actions Of Colleague
- In New Senate Report
WASHINGTON, Oct. 31.-(P)-In-
terior Secretary Ickes, defense in-
vestigators heard today, has accused
his fellow Cabinet Member, Jesse
Jones, of an attempt at "forcing my
hand into the, signing of a contract
that would not be in the public in-
terest."
This accusation was contained in a
letter written by Ickes to Jones, Fed-
eral Loan Administrator and Secre-
tary of Commerce, Sept. 2, protesting
a contract between the Defense Plant
Corporation and the Aluminum
Company of America for construc-
tion and operation of new produc-
tion facilities.'
"Frankly," Ickes wrote his col-
league, "I would be reflecting on your
intelligence if I supposed for a min-
ute that you did not have in mind
the dilemma in which I would find
mys lf when the demand was made
upon me to sign on the dotted line
an onerous and unconscionable con-
tract or run the risk of possible con-
demnation by the unthinking for not
having done so."
One of the plants to be constructed
under the contract would be located
in the Bonneville-Grand Coulee Dam
area and would depend upon Federal
power for its operation.
Ickes' letter was put into the record
of the Senate Defense Investigating
Committee, which also heard testi-
mony from ALCOA officials.
rts Inquiries

Favored Wolverines Face
Twice Defeated Indians
In Homecoming Battle
Smeja, Sharpe Fill
Rogers' End Post
By ART HILL
It's redemption day in Champaign,
Ill., today.
This afternoon, at two p.m., Michi-
gan's mighty (but once defeated)
Wolverineswill take the field to bat-
tle wily Bob Zuppke's twice-beaten
but still dangerous Illinois eleven.
Highly favored, the Michigan play-
ers still can't bring themselves to be-
lieve that today's battle its the set-up
that the sports writers of the nation
would have their readers believe.
Remember '39 Upset
And there is good reason for this
attitude. The members of the Wol-
verine eleven can't forget that Octo-
ber afternoon two years ago when,
playing at Champaign, they took a
16-7 beating from a Zuppke-coached
Illini outfit wlich won only two other
games that season.
The Illini, ardent Michigan fans
will remember, were held to a 0-0
tie by little Bradley Tech that fall,
but they managed to outclass the
Wolverines just a month later.
This year, judging by past perfor-
mances, the Wolverines should be an
all-out favorite to take Illinois into
camp this afternoon. But Bob
Zuppke, who is fajmed for his ability
to build his squad up for one game
each season, wants to wi this en-
counter more than he has ever want-
ed anything else.
Illini Point For Game
It has long been a matter of record
that Illinois generally wins its biggest
home game each year, This year, that
means Michigan and the Indians are
pointing for today's game.
But, unfortunately for Illinois fans,
the Wolverines ae not inclined to
consider today's lame a bareather.
'hat humiliating 1939 defeat isn't far
enough in the past to pernit that.
They realize that their opponents
could spring an upset today and
they'll go into the game with but one
thought in mind. Michigan must win.
On the records thus far, Michigan
should win. The Wolverines out-
played Michigan State, Pittsburgh
and Northwestern and took an un-
expectedly close 6-0 victory from Ed-
die Anderson's Iowa Hawkeyes on a
wet field, losing only to Minnesota.
The Illini, on the other hand, have
beaten only Drake and Miami U.,
while dropping one-sided decisions
to Notre Dame and Minnesota.
The records show, however, that
the records don't mean much when
Michigan meets Illiiois. It's been
ten years since a Wolverine eleven
defeated an Illinois team in Mem-
orial Stadium at Champaign. Today's
game is one they want to win.
Face T Formation
For the second time this season,
Fritz Crisler's charges will face the
T formation today. Zupke, like Ed-
die Anderson, employs the T in alter-
nation with the single wingback sys-
tem. It is significant that the last
tiipe this formation was tried out
against the Wolverines, by Iowa, it
almost succeeded in springing an up-
set.
It is practically a sure thing that
the home team will throw plenty of
passes in this afternoon's tilt. They
have tossed more than 20 in each of
their games thus far this season and
will undoubtedly continue this pro-
cedure today.
Star heaver of the Illini is Quarter-
back Lavere (Liz) Astroth who con-
nected on 11 of his 19 aerial attempts
against Notre Dame last Saturday in
spite of the fact that the Irish took
a 49-14 victory in that contest.
Worth watching, too, is an Illinois
halfback, sophomore Don Griffin,
(Continued on Page 3)

Petition Campaign
BroughtTo Close
After two days of active campaign-
ing the Student Defenders of Democ-
racy last night brought to a close
their drive for signatures on petitions
urging the repeal of the Neutrality
Act.

Nazi Drive On Moscow Stalls
As Russians Retreat In Crimea

By The Associated Press)
Hitler's major offensive upon Mos-
cow came to the end of its first month
last night with an apparent sharp
decline in power, but there was much
to indicate that in the far South the
German drives still were generally
unhalted.
At the center, where the weary
Nazi armies still stood well short of
the Capital, Soviet dispatches de-
clared that German action had fallen
to mere local attacks in all sectors.
save for the Volokolamsk area some
65 miles to the northwest where
fighting still was reported heavy. Of
that whole theater the German High
Command significantly continued its
utter silence.
But in the South, where this time
the Soviet Command was silent, the
Germans claimed that the Russians
were in retreat on two major fronts
-southward into the Crimean Penin-
sula and eastward in the Donets Ba-
sin in the area about and above Ros-
tov on the River Don,
.Ta+otwhere the invaders td asg

an effort to reach Caucasus oil, block
the British-American supply route
running up from Iran, and-in the
Crimea-to knock out the greatest
Southern Soviet naval base at Sevas-
topol.
It seemed possible, in fact, that
the current diminution of the offen-
sive against Moscow might be ex-
plained in part by the shifting of
forces southward.
The war in Russia, in any event,
had reached one of those brief peri-
ods of a hard, uneasy twilight, where
the shadows of things that might
come were long across the world and
dimmed the harsh perspective of the
struggle in the East.
The day brought Washington's an-
nouncement of the sinking of the
first U. S. warship actually to go
down under fire since the war began
-the destroyer Reuben James, tor-
pedoed west of Iceland.
Senator Connally, the Texas Demo-
crat who is chairman of the Senate
Forik- nReatinns Committee called1

In Air Crash Fatal To Twenty
T4

ST. THOMAS, Ont., Oct. 31.-op)-
Three inspectors of the U.S. Civil
Aeronautics Board took over tonight
the investigation into the unex-
plained crash of an American Air-
lines transport plane which plunged
17 passengers and three crew mem-
bers t~o death in an oat field Thurs-
day night in a drizzling rain.
As a meager beginning from which
to work the investigators had a last
radio report from the plane, only a
few minutes before it crashed, and
Two residents of Washtenaw
County were victims in the crash
of the American Airlines plane
Thursday which carried 20 pas-
sengers to a flaming death.
They were Erwin J. Benz, 35,
1103 Henry St., Ann Arbor, and
E. Raymond Root, 39, Ypsilanti.
the statements of a farmer and his

is only a few miles from the scene of
the crash.l
Mrs. Thompson Howe, on whose
farm the plane crashed, said she
heard the plane overhead and "some-
thing about the sound of the motors
made me decide to take a look." She
saw the plane loom out of the murky
sky, barely miss high-tension wires,
and hit the field with an explosion
which set the twisted wreckage
afire.
Other residents nearby said the
plane had seemed to circle overhead,
its motors sputtering, and one said
he saw a glow in the sky that might
have been a flare dropped in search
of a landing field.
Three bodies, including that of
Mary E. Blackley of New York City,
the stewardess and only woman
aboard, were found alongside the
wreckage.
Provincial police dug through the

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