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October 28, 1941 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-10-28

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Editorial

VOL. LII. No. 26 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1941Z-323
- - - T...yi Z- a23

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Red Reverses
In Far South,
Central Front
Are Admitted
Peril Greatest in Ukraine;
New War Plant Set Up
East Of Ural Mountains
Future Troubles
Soviet Command
(By The Associated Press)
Russian reverses just below Mos-
cow on. the central front and in the
far South before Rostov were plain
last night.
By all accounts the peril in the
Ukraine was both greater and more
imminent, and in Kuibyshev, the al-
ternate Soviet capital, the Red lead-
ership acknowledged as much by its
preoccupation with he organization
of a new war plant t the east of the
Ural Mountains.,
The position in a sentence was this:
The German ari es appeared to be
inching forward generally. But while
Stalin's government apparently ac-
cepted the growing possibility of dis-
aster in western Russia-at least in
the Donets and Don industrial aeas
of the Ukraine-all indications from
Soviet sources supported the belief
that the Russians were as concerned
with the resistance of the distaet fu-
ture as they were with today and
tomorrow.
The Soviet command in its .com-
munique for this morning addressed
itself to the future more than the
immediate present, giving nothing
new of consequence as to the exist-
ing fighting areas but asserting that
there had been "a sharp deterioration
in the physical condition and morale"
of the invaders, who were said to be
approaching exhaustion.
Kuibyshev reported that coal pro-
duction in the Kuznets Basin in Si-
beria, most vital nqw that the Donets
Basin is a battlefield, had been
sharply increased; that the produc-
tion of iron ore, manganese and non-
ferrous metals In Kuznets was up 40
per cent over peacetime; that fac-
tories evacuated from the Moscow
area already were In operation in the
Urals.
Russian Sources
Admit Nazi Gains
It was from Russian rather than
German sources that the principal
information came yesterday concern-
ing the offensives upon Moscow. A
German advance of some 15 miles
beyond Maloyaroslavets, an area of
weeks of fighting, to 50 miles below
the capital wasacknowledged in So-
viet military dispatches, which re-
pofted that at that point Red coun-
ter-attacks beat the invaders back
across the Nara River.
It appeared that Serpukhov, a city
of 77,000, stood near the core of
this heavy new action-the most vio-
lent of a day that saw a sharp rise
in the tempo of fighting all about
Moscow. The Russian left wing in
that area was acknowledged to be
under attack of terrible power, and
Soviet dispatches conceded that about
Moscow generally the Germans were
bringing up tens of thousands of re-
inforcements.
Fighting was reported still in heavy
progress aout Maloyaroslavets itself,
and thus the situation appeared one
of a German salient extending to a

depth of 15 miles-to a point at or
near the confluence of the Narva and
Oka rivers.
The supreme commander of the
Moscow armies, General Gregory K.
Zhukov, directed his troops to die
before giving more ground, thus or-
dering them:
"Not a step back! Halt the Fascists!
Don't let them reach Moscow!
"Every man must fight like ten!"
Tass Reports Raid
By Japanese Patrol
The day' brought also an indication,
quite small in itself, and one that
might in the end turn out to have
been of little consequence, of possible
difficulty for the Soviet on the east-
ern flank facing Japan. The official
Russian news agency Tass circulated
a report-of which Japanese officials
in Shanghai disclaimed knowledge-
that 20 Japanese soldiers had made
a raid across the Russian far eastern
frontier four days ago and that they
were driven back after a clash with
Red patrols, some casualties resulting.

Varsity Night Features
Morton Gould's Music

0
'Shooing Has Sarted, President

'2 ____ _______

Declares

In Navy

Presenting musically-famous Mor-
ton Gould as guest conductor and
soloist, the University Concert Band
will open its annual Varsity Night
program at 8:15 p.m. today in Hill
Auditorium.
Featured on tonight's program will
-be the presentation of Gould's latest
success, "Jericho." Other numbers to
be played by the band under his di-
rection include the Second Movement
from his "American Symphonette,"
"Deserted Ballroom," "Tropical," and
the well-known "Pavanne."
Second feature of the evening will
be the return of Michigan's original
Stump Me If You Can" quiz program
with Prof. John L. Brumm of the
journalism department firing the
questions.
Leaping to his challenge will be a
Brain Trust composed of Bob West-
fall, '42, football captain, Patricia
Hadley, ''42, Pan-Hellenic president,
Waliie Weber, freshman football
coach, and guest Gould.
Opening the program, the Concert
Band under the direction of Prof.
William D. Revelli will play a new
march by Leonard Smith, "American
Champion." Other selections by the
band will include the "Russian Sail-
or's Dance," Victor Herbert's well-
Ship Incidents
Will Not Rush
U.S. Into War
DETROIT, Oct. 27.-(')-Secretary
of the Navy Knox, Detroit's guest of
honor on Navy Day, expressed the
conviction the American people would
never rush into war as the result of
isolated shooting "incidents" on the
high seas.,
This answers one argument, he
said, of those who would refuse to
allow this government to arm mer-
chant ships.
"We have had a number of inci-
dents of the most unwarranted and
indefensible kind and the country has
kept its head perfectly," Knox pointed
out.:
"The Secretary said, "Throughout
the last year I have regarded the
Neutrflity Act as definitely hamper-
ing the successful prosecution of our
avowed national policy of all possible
aid to those who were fighting Hitler.
"We have had, since the beginning
of this war, a law which says we are
neutral and propose to practice neu-
trality.
"And all the while we have been
entirely unneutral, vigorously and
actively supporting one side and con-
tributing in many other ways to the
defeat of the other side. In the in-
terest of straight thinking and
straight doing we should put a period
to this piece of national hypocrisy."
GARGOYLE TRYOUTS
All students interested in doing
editorial work on the Gargoyle
staff are urged to attend an im-
portant meeting at 4:30 p.m. to-
day in the Gargoyle office, first
floor, Student Publications Build-
ing.
Gargoyle offers to the student
experience in all phases of maga-
zine work, as well as in related
fields of publication. Artists and
photographers are requested to
bring specimens of their work, if
possible.

Day

Address;

Discloses Startling NaziSecrets

British May Decide To Support
Red Army On Southern Front

- I

PROFESSOR REVELLI

known "Indian Summer," and the
familiar "Clarinet Polka."
Following Gould's appearance as
guest conductor, a barber-shop quar-
tet composed of Don Wallace, '43SM,
Charles Thatcher, '43E, Bob Roberts,
'43SM, and Louis Davis, '43SM, will
bring back some of the songs of the
gay nineties.
In recognition of the service ren-
dered the band during his term as
faculty manager, Professor Brumm
will be made an hoAorary member in
a special ceremony after the quiz pro-
gram.
Completing his double role on the
Varsity Night program, Morton Gould
will then return to the stage as a
concert pianist, featuring some nov-
elty improvizations on themes sug-
(Continued on Page 2)
Mimes issues.
Call For Opera
Tryouts Today
Many Forms Of Talent
Needed; Actors, Writers,
Property,_Make-Up Men
Equipped with a Hopwood prize-
winning script, this year's Union Op-
era committee stands ready, willing
and able to employ the many and
varied talents of Michigan men.
Be you actor, musician, writer,
make-up artist, publicity expe/,
property man, or committee man, the'
Opera committee asks you to sign up
from 2 to 5:30 p.m. today at the
Union.
Actual tryouts will take place Wed-
nesday, Thursday and Friday at the
Union, and everyone is asked to bring
his own songs, gag-lines or tap shoes
with him, as the tcript written by
Roy Ingram, Grad., offers full oppor-
tunity or insertions of all kinds.
The UnionG peraCommittee in-
cludes Jim Gormsen, '42, general
chairman; Charles Boynton, '42, pro-
ductoin manager; Gordon Hardy,
Grad., music director; Tom Good-
kind, '42,publicity chairman; Bob Ti-
tus, '42, ticket chairman; and Harry
Drickamer, Grad., finance chairman.
Others are Bryant Dunshee, '42,
program chairman; Bob Shedd, '42,
house chairman; Bill Todd, '42, per-
sonnel manager; Bob Sundquist, '42,
stage manager; Aaron Kahn, '42, pa-
trons~chairman; and Bob Sibley, '42,
script clairman.

Nazi Drive On Caucasus
Dangerous To English
Hopes, Simpson Says
By KIRKE L. SIWPSON
(Associated Press Staff Writer)
The clamor among the British peo-
ple for more active aid to Russia
seems destined to be answered af-
firmatively soon, although not in the
form of flanking operations across
the English Channel.
Tottering Russian armies in the
south, reeling under hammer blows
from north of Kharkov to Rostov,
could not be helped very much now,
by a British offensive in Libya or
even an attempted invasion of the
Continent from the west. German,
not British initiative, is determining
the scene of the next headon clash
between Empire troops and Hitler's
shock divisions-and there is every
indication the collision will take place
'somewhere in the Caucasus.
There is more than a hint in dis-
patches from Russia that the whole
Soviet left flank for a 400-mile span
is wavering. Nazi claims that both
Kharkov and Byelgorod, . 50 miles
northeast, have been captured, re-
present a dangerous breach in the
first river line, the Donets, upon
which retreating Red forces might
have hoped to rally.
Both cities stand along the upper
Donets. From both, rail and high-
way routes fan out north, east and
southeast to facilitate a German
effort to cut Russian armies apart
clear to the Volga in the south, open-
'ng a huge gateway to the ol-rich
Caucasus. With the Donets basin
from Byelgorod to Stalino already
overrun and the Donets line turned
in the north, the Don itself seems the
only natural barrier behind which
the Russians can stand in the south,
short of the Volga.
Yet holding the Don line would im-
pose grave new problems for the,
Russians, even if a British force of
considerable size were rushed to their
support from Iran as it well may be.
That river, rushing south of the Oka
Prof. Slosson
To TalkToday

Drainage Basin below Moscow, sweeps
southeastward to within 50 miles or
less of the lower Volga near Stalin-
grad, then bends sharply eastward
to empty into the sea of Azov below
IRostov.
It is 600 miles air line from the
region of Tula, where the Don rises,
to Rostov. By contrast, the river '
traverses a thousand miles or more,
sweeping eastward in a great bend
west of the height of land that forms
the division between the Caspian and
Sea of Azov watersheds. To hold
that circuitous front would greatly
extend the Russian lines, leaving the
priceless advantage of interior lines
to the Germans. They could mass
quickly to smash at chosen points.
Congressional
Opinions Vary
On FDR Talk
WASHINGTON, Oct. 27-(P)-
Senator Pepper (Dem.-Fla.) tonight
expressed belief that President Roose-
velt's Navy Day speech would hasten
revision of the Neutrality Act.
"The President's was an eloquent
address which clearly demonstrated
to the American people the necessity
of arming our merchant ships and
letting them sail to the ports of our
friends," he said.
Rep. Martin (Rep.-Mass.), House
minority leader, declined to comment,
saying he had not heard the speech.
Senator Van Nuys (Dem.-Ind.)-
"I don't know anything about any
secret maps, but all the military ex-
perts agree that it is silly to believe
Hitler could invade this continent.
There might possibly be some spor-
adic bombings along the coast of
South America, but there is no nec-
essity for us to get into this thing.
I have no fear that Hitler will invade
America, despite the inflamatory
statements of some persons who
would like to see us involved in the
war."
Senator Glass (Dem.-Va.) - "I
don't know how many votes/the Pres-
ident's address will affect, but I know
that I am going to vote for the bill
which gives our ships the freedom of
the seas."
Rep. Luther Johnson (Dem.-Tex.)
-"It was calculated to arouse the pa-
triotic fervor of the American people
more than any speech he has yet de-
livered hand to intensify the deter-
mination of the American people that
Hitler shall be destroyed."
Chairman Bloom (Dem.-N.Y.) of
the House Foreign Affairs Committee
-"The President expressed the views
and hopes of the majority of the
American people."

Roosevelt Calls For Greater Production
Of Arms, Appeals To Capital, Labor;
Senate Opens Debate On Neutrality Act
WASHINGTON, Oct. 27.-O")-President Roosevelt declared tonight
that the "shooting has started" and solemnly. called on the nation to help
destroy a Hitler regime against which he levelled the following formal
accusations:
1. It has drawn up a secret map showing how it intends to obliterate the
existing boundary lines of 14 South and Central American countries and
substitute five "vassal states"-one of which would have dominion "over
our great life line-the Panama Canal."
2. It has drafted a detailed plan to wipe out all existing religions, if Hit-
ler wins, and substitute an international Nazi church. In place of the Bible,
the words of Mein Kampf would be "imposed and enforced as holy writ"
and in place of the Cross of Christ, the swastika and the naked sword would
hold sway.
Mr. Roosevelt, making a major speech at a dinner at the Mayflower
Hotel here in observance of Navy Day, declared that he had documents to
prove his words-a copy of the secret map, and a detailed plan of the anti-
religion program.
Pointing to the attacks on American vessels, Mr. Roosevelt asserted:
"We have wished to avoid shooting, but the shooting has started. And
history has recorded who fired the first shot. In the long run, however, all
that will matter is who fired the last shot."
Again, he said the nation stood ready to face its newest and greatest
challenge-"we Americans have cleared our decks and taken our battle
statios"
He called for greater armaments production, to provide every soldier
with weapons "better than that of any army on earth" and he appealed
again for peace between capital and

Lewis Urged
To Stop Mines 1
From Closing
Roosevelt Says Continue4
Operation Is Necessary
For Defense Efforts
WASHINGTON, Oct. 27-(P)-Ap-
peiling to John L. Lewis for the third
time to keep the captive coal mines
running in the interest of national
defense, President Roosevelt wrote
the leader of the United Mine Work-
ers tonight that "it is essential that
the mining of coal should go on with-
out interruption."
Mr. Roosevelt replied a short time
after Lewis had rejected a second
such request and had contended in a
letter to the Chief Executive that the
strike involving 53,000 workers was
not impairing defense output.
In his letter Lewis told the Presi-
dent the fight was only between a
labor union and the United States
Steel Corporation, which he said was
dominated by a "rich man named
Morgan.',.
His reference was to J. P. Morgan, a
director of the United States Steel
Corporation, one of the steel com-
panies which own the captive mines.
In his second request Mr. Roosevelt
had suggested Lewis keep the mines
open pending an attempt to settle
the dispute at a conference Wednes-
day with Myron C. Taylor, former
chairman of the Board of United
States Steel.

Slavic
SOf

Future Is Subject
Rackham Speech'

Large Bundles For Britain:
American Volunteer Ambulance
Unit To Leave For Active Duty
64

American volunteer ambulance
drivers are again ready to carry on
their duties with the British.
Early next month, the first con-
tingent of ambulances with full
equipment and drivers will leave New
York for immediate service in the
Middle East. The full quota of 400
ambulances and 1,000 drivers will be
sent abroad as soon as the volunteer
list has been filled.
The group is being sent by the
American Field Service, veteran am-
bulance organization, and is the third
volunteer service to participate in
overseas duty.
In the first World War, 31 sections
of ambulances donated by Americans
and driven by 2,500 American vol-
unteers, carried more than 600,000
French wounded from the lines before
the United States sent troops to en-

acter and physical fitness. If they
are of draft age, they will receive a
release from their local boards. They
must accept service for a minimum
period of one year from the time they
leave the United States.
Col. Ralph Richmond of the United
StatesrArmy Ambulance Corps, com-
mander of a section during the World
War, will head the overseas staff.
In the past, the American Field
Service has been well represented
with students of the University and
residents of Ann Arbor. Among those
who served in the World War were
Louis and Richard Hall, sons of Dr.
Hall of the faculty, and Thomas F.
McAllister, now a judge in Grand
Rapids.
Representative of the Field Service
for this district is Clifford Hanna,

One of Europe's most complex
problems will be discussed by Prbf.
Preston W. Slosson at 8 p.m. today
in a Rackham Amphitheatre address
on "The Future of The Western
Slavs."
Professor Slosson's speech, spon-
sored by the Slavic Society, will be
"in direct relation to the present
situation in the Slavic countries of
Europe," according to Eli Voydanoff,
'43, the society's president.
The society, whose four officers
represent four different nationalities,
is open to any Slavic studett or fac-
ulty member. Slavic music and in-
struction in Slavic dances feature its
sccial side, while business meetings
are held bi-monthly.
Voydanoff, in outlining the soci-
ety's purposes, stressed its prohibition
of any political or religious discus-
sions at meetings. "Our main ob-
jective," he pointed out, "is cultural,
and we would like to bring Slavic
culture home to bosh Slavs and non-
Slavs."
Tobacco Companies
Found Trust Violators
LEXINGTON, Ky., Oct. 27-(/P)-
The -billion-dollar tobacco industry's
three largest companies, one subsidi-
ary concern and 13 executives were
convicted today on charges of mon-
opoly and price fixing in criminal
violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust
Act.
The corporations convicted in
United States Distridt Court on all

labor. Industrial dutput, he said, can-
not be hampered by the selfish ob-
struction of a small but dangerous
minority of industrial managers who
hold out for extra profits, or for
business as usual.' It cannot be
hampered by the selfish obstruction
of a small but dangerous minority of
labor leaders who are a menace to the
true cause of labor itself, as well as to
the nation as a whole."
Paying his respects to some critics
of his foreign policy, he said they
would continue to insist that Hitler's
The complete text of President
.Roosevelt's address will be found
on page 6.
plans need not worry us-and their
statements would be "paraded with
applause through the Axis press and
radio." Y
"The Nazis have made up their
own list-of modern American heroes,"
he said. "It is, fortunately, a short
list. I am glad that it does not con-
tain my name."
The speech was delivered before a
notable gathering of Navy, Army and
other, leaders at a dinner of the Navy
League, and was broadcast through-
out much of the world.
In it, the Chief Executive advocat-
ed broadening of the program for re-
vising the Neutrality Act to permit
not only the arming of American
merchant ships, but to let them also
"be free to carry our American goods
into the harbors of our friends." Mer-
chant ships must be protected by the
Navy, he declared.
The Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee has recommended these revi-
sions and Mr. Roosevelt said elimiha-
tion of hamstringing provisions of the
Neutrality Law was "the course of
honesty and of realism."
Navy Day this year had been set
aside as a day of recognition for total
national defense. And the first ob-
jective of that defense, he declared,
"is to stop Hitler."
Senate Begins Debate
On Neutrality Act
WASHINGTON, Oct. 27-(IP)-The
Senate began its historic debate on
neutrality revision today, with Sena-
tor Connally (Dem.-Tex.) urging the
United States to reassert its right
to freedom of the seas and Senator
Vandenberg (Rep.-Mich.) declaring
troop transports would follow in the
wake of armed. American merchant-
men traveling to belligerent, ports.
Before the chamber was a measure
greatly broadened by the Senate For-
eign Relations Committee, of which
Connally is chairman. To the House
provision for the arming of merchant
whips, the committee added another
abolishing the Neutrality Act's pro-
hibitions against sending such ships
into belligerent ports or combat
zones.
During a 90-minute speech before
packed galleries and grave-faced col-
leagues Connally asserted the pro-
noed arvision "isapfam .

By ROBERT MANTHO
Emanuel Feuermann, renowned
violoncellist, is one man who always
puts his instrument to bed with him.
Rain or shine, traveling or at home,
the famous artist makes sure he
knows the exact location of his 'cello
after he has turned in for the night.
The Stradivarius instrument-val-
ued at $35,000 and called the "last
'cello" because it was the last of its
kind made by Stradivarius-presents
a difficult transportation problem,
But Emanuel Feuermann's system as-
sures safety.
When travelling, he engages an ex-l
tra upper Pullman berth for storing
the cased instrument and it takes two{
men to get it up there. Daytime travel
finds the 'cello in a Pullman chair
opposite its owner. When the 'cellist
is at home in Scarsdale, N. Y., the
pampered 'cello occupies a twin bed.
But the maestro can't afford to
lose it-for experts have pronounced
it one of the finest examples of

Breakfast In Bed Too?:
Emanuel Feuermans' 'Cello
Is His 'Bedroom Companion'

EMANUEL FEUERMANN

I

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