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October 18, 1941 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-10-18

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;an Daily




ww rrt w r- -,..
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of Wke Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
/Eitered at the PostrOffice at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
!second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00, by mail $5.00.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42

Senate Farm Bloc
Blind To Inflation.
HEAD of Alabama, Henry Morgen-
thau is agricult'ure's "public enemy No. 1" be-
cause as Secretary of Treasury he has express-
ed a desire to place a ceiling on farm prices.
Senator Bankhead, supposedly an Adminis-
tration bulwark, is willing to sacrifice the eco-
nomic future of the United States for his farm
votes. Senator Bankhead opposes the release
of government stocks of cotton, wheat and major
farm products because the present surplus
(which he'wants withheld) prevents any infla-
tion in farm prices.
These are the opinions stated to the press by
a United States Senator in one of his country's
most critical periods. The facts of the case do
not seem to bear out his opinions.
AT THE PRESENT TIME cotton prices stand
at seventeen cents a pound, as compared
to nine cents a pound on August 1, 1x39. The
price of a bag of flour has risen fifteen per cent
over last year's rfigure, And one dollar now puts
only eighty-eight cents worth of food at 1939,
prices on an American dinner table.
These are the facts which Senator Bankhead
and the entire farm bloc in Congress seem to
be disregarding in their I'll-cut-your-throat-be-
fore-you-cut-mine policy. The danger of infla-
tion is aplot closer than p'ress statements would
indicate, and the early nineteen twenties should,
have been enough of a lesson for any repre-
sentatives of agriculture's interests.
OF COURSE, Congress has been legislating
to avert the nation's increase in prices when-
ever it is convenient for it to do so. The most
striking Iexample of this tendency can be had
from a comparison of Congressional action on
Cuban sugar and Canadian wheat. The quota
on Cuba sugar was raised less than a month
ago but the national legislature squelched a
move to import some of Canada's wheat sur-
plus. Sounds inconsistent, but a lot more farm
voters raise wheat.
It is this sectional selfishness which must be
eliminated if we are to have a truly national de-
fense effort and also avoid the great American
hangover which has been an integral part of
all our past military binges. When Senator
Bankhead reasons that there can be no scarcity
because of our surpluses and then refuses to re-
lease the surpluses, any rational American should
gets some idea of what will be in store for us
after the boom is over.
THE EFFECT of inflation and the only pos-
sible governmental position on it was best
expressed by Secretary Morgenthau himself when
he declared that "the cost of inflation is too
ruinous to producer and consumer alike for
anyone in authority to tolerate it now." If this
"intolerance" is extended to groups willing to
bet the country's future on an immediate kill-
ing, then America may get through paying for
the Second World War before she fights the

Emile Gel .
Alvin Dann
David Lachenbruch
Jay McCormick
Hal Wilson
Arthur Hill


. Managing Editor
Editorial Director
' 4. . City Editor
. . Associate Editor
. . Sports Editor,
Assistant Sports Editor
. mmm~r~c 'Grin

Jlanes iatt . . ...women s Editor
Grace Miller ~ . Assistant Women's Editor
Virginia Mitchell . , . s.s Exchange Editor
Business Staff
D~niel H. Huyett . . Business Manager
James B. Collins . . Associate Business Manager
Louise Carpenter . .Women's Advertising Manager
Evelyn Wright . . Women's Business Manager
The editorials published in The Michigan
~ Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Pegler Opposes
The Wagner Act .
W ESTBROOK PEGLER does not like
the Wagner Act. As a matter of
fact, Mr. Pegler is so wrought up about the
Act that he's seriously considering runnin for
the Senate just to oppose Robert Wagner and
his bill, so the columnist says in the Detroit
Times of October 15.
According to Pegler, the Wagner Act was
formulated for the evil purpose of aiding labor
unions. He is not interested in the war. No, not
he. The Wagner monster is his only concern.
As for war, sluff it off, like this:
"War? Nope, I'd say. Not interested be-
cause if the Wagner Act isn't amended,
it won't make -any difference who wins the
war over yonder, because we are going to
lose our freedom anyway .to a lot of the
Already, Pegler points out, hundreds of thou-
sands of Americans have lost an important
portion of their liberties under the act. And how
did they lose their liberties? Why, because em-
ployers are afraid to send anti-union literature
through the mails, because employers can't
buttonhole a worker and tell him that his un-
ion leader is a Communist or a gangster, be-
cause an enployer can't raise his wages while
a union is discussing a new contract.
On the last point, Pegler really gnashes his
teeth. It irks him no end to think that an em-
ployer would be accused of currying favor if he
tried to slip a little extra in the pay envelope
during negotiations. It means, he explains, that
workers can't get more pay than the "unioneers
and the mediocrities and the incompetents in
the same plant want him to receive.",
With a bit more subtlety, perhaps one could be
taken in. But after all, Mr. Pegler, we both
know that no union has ever set a maximum
wage for its workers. And the unlawful raise you
roar about applies only to that -period during
which negotiations are going on. You find the
union leader who fights against letting the em-
ployer raise pay. We've never heard of one.
If Pegler objects to the loss of free speech be-
cause employers cannot use the mails, or take
their workers aside and point out the horrible
facts about unions, let him speculate on the
kind of mail, and the little side conversations
that went on before the Wagner Act cut it
down. Little innocent words, like "Joe, you're
a good man, and we like you. Now if you're
smart, you'll steer clear of these racketeering un-
ions, because we don't think they're good for
you. You've a wife and kids to think of, Joe,
and we'd certainly hate to see a iew man in your
place. But you'll force us to do something, Joe,
for our own protection, you understand." In
other words, try to join a union and we'll throw
you out.
UNION TERRORISM is also stamped on by
Pegler. He talks about calls in the middle of
the night, threatening, slugging and coercing
workers into joining unions. Of course we might
strike up a conversation of our own. Talk about
the Ford service men, and the testimony given
before an NLRB hearing in Dallas, Texas last
year before the company was unionized. We
might mention the strikebreakers hired by the
bosses when the regular employees, after a legal
and majority vote decide to strike. We could
point out to Mr. Pegler that company police and
Qr 1., nra y d 'r.,..nna . n n ain' 4-. a . 4A Ala f


The Reply Churlish
(Today I lend the column to Homer Swander, in
the interests of himself and two night editors of
The Daily, for purposes of hitting back at the low-
est insect found in the United States mails, the
anonymous letter writer. Newspaper people receive
these things once in awhile; often they don't strike
back. There really isn't much you can do with a
bug. You figure on a certain percentage of bugs.
But some are worse than others. You smash those.)
There is a guy I would alike to meet. Not
socially, or fbr very long. Just for a few minutes
I would like to meet him in a ring with boxing
gloves or out behind our old barn with bare
fists or even in a dark alley with no holds barred.
Or anywhere. For just a few minutes.
This guy I am talking about is really a lot
of people. A lot of people who don't think, who
don't reason, who don't even try to. When they
can't refute an opponent's argument-and usu-
ally they can't-they resort to name-calling and
character-smearing, They throw people's repu-
tations and feelings around with-I'was going
to say reckless abandon, "but it isn't that-it is
with a determined maliciousness.
He sent me a post card the other day, this
fellow did. He called me a Jew, a Communist,
a Wop and a coward because I urged a declara-
tion of war, yet didn't enlist in the army myself.
He said I was trying to get other young people
shot and killed when I didn't have the "intes-
tinal fortitude" to take my chances along with
the rest.
Now I do not mind being called a Jew. I
don't happen to be one-why, I don't know. But
I would just as soon be called a Jew as a Metho-
dist (which I am) or a Catholic or a Presbyterian
or what-have-you. I can't see. any difference
except that they all Worship God in a little
different way.
And I don't mind being called a Communist-
even though I am not one and hate their in-
tellectual dishonesty almost as much as I hate
Nazi terrorism. I've been called a red, a radical
and a :Communist before anyway, so that one
has kind of worn off. It doesn't affect me any-
more at all.-
And when this fellow yells "Wop" at me, I
don't get mad either. I just lpink of a little Wop-
kid I used to go to school with. His name was
Tony (like most Wop-kids, I guess) and he
wanted a pair of high-top boots something awful.
Used to lace mine for me just so he could touch
them. When I got a new pair I gave those old
ones to Tony. You should have seen his face.
But Tony already had a pir of shoes and he
had a cousin who didn't have any at all. So he
gave those 6ld high-top boots to his cousin. No,
I don't mind being called a Wop.
But then on the post-card it says I'm a coward,
it says I am not man enough to do what I pro-
pose others to do, it says that I have a wide yel-
low streak running down by back, that I am
urging the destruction of American youth, that
if I wasn't a coward I would back up my words
with deeds. And it is unsigned.
Funny, isn't it? He calls me a coward and
'then doesn't have the guts to sign his name.
That takes real courage, that does. If it is the
courage typical of "the good old American
stock" which he has such great respect for, then
God help America.
It doesn't make much difference that one an-
onymous writer called me a coward. It makes
me mad. Naturally. Because I at least signed
my words and I will back them up with action the
day our country declares war. But the important
thing is that this fellow, as .I said, is a lot of
people. Dangerous people. People running around
calling names, unthinking, unreasoning.
They make good fascists and Nazis, these peo-
ple. They react to emotion rather than logic.I
They call upon sincere interventionists to join
the forces of Great Britain or Russia when the
goal of intervention is united action by the whole
nation, not individual enlistments.
We can't argue with these people. We can't
fight Ithem. But we have to keep our eyes on
them. They're dangerous.
And it would be fun. In that ring or behind
our barn or in some alley. For just a few minutes.

Wouldn't it?
* -Homer Swander

WASHINGTON - Ex-President
Herbert Hoover recently announced
he was starting a new drive to send
U.S. food to Nazi-occupied Europe,
contending that it would be "entire-
ly possible" to'do this without help-
ing Germany .
Mr. Hoover doubtless believes this.
But it also happens that one of his
principal European assistants, from
whom Mr. Hoover obtained much
of the information on which he bas-
ed is feed-Europe campaign last
winter, was o most cordial terms
with high Nazi officials.
THIS MAN was John Hartigan,
representative of the Hoover re-
lief organization in Germany. Harti-
gan was famous among the Ameri-
can colony in Berlin for several
One was is hats. He h'ad twelve
of them, of four different styles and
three of each style. Hgrtigan would
explain to callers that he bought
his hats in Bond Street and go a
new one every time he visited Lon-
don. All the hats were kept on dis-
play on a large table in the ante-
room of Hartigan's elaborate suite
in the Adlon Hotel, the most fash-
ionable in Berlin. Hartigan never
failed to tell callers about the hats.
In fact, he sometimes invited guests
especially to come up to see the uni-
que collection.
HARTIGAN also was noted for his
piano playing. He had a fine
piano moved into his suite and he
liked to invite guests to hear him.
Among the waiters of the Adlon,
Hartigan also had a special repu-
tation. To them he was known for
his remarkable breakfast appetite.
They were much impressed by the
fact that he often ordered two whole
Polish Letter
Mr. Hoover's representative was
very fond of his comfortable quart-
ers at the Adlon. He also liked other
things about Germany.
HE was a great admirer of what he
called Nazi "efficiency," and he
was very appreciative of the hospi-
tality of Herr Frank, Nazi Governor-
General of Poland.
Hartigan was invited by Herr Frank
to his confiscated Polish castle for
the Christmas., holidays. Hartigai
was so grateful for the pleasant time
and favors shown him, that he wrote
Herr Frank a letter in which he not1
only thanked him for hisgenerous
hospitality but congratulated the
Nazi Gauleiter on all the wonderful
things he was doing for the Poles.
In his reports to Mr. Hoover, Hart-
igan strongly urged the necessity of
sending U.S. food to crushed, pil-
fered and enslaved Poland.
In transmitting his confidential
reports, Hartigan had the use of the
diplomatic pouch of the American
Embassy in Berlin. Some of the re-
ports went that way. Others, how-,
ever, did not. They went in a manner
that made them accessible to the
German Foreign Office.
nological improvements in articles of
peace as well as of war.
The bad features you know; they
are all the British can see in Naziism.
The persecution of the Jews, the end

of democracy, the lowering of certain
moral standards, the glorification of1
German culture to the exclusion of
other cultures, the concentration
camps and Gestapo are examples.
The stifling of free expression, the
permeation of the army into all ranks{
of life, and perversion of truth into
propaganda you also know. But
whole books have been written on+
these excesses of Naziism.
If you see no more than this in
Naziism, then you put the United
States in one h--- of a hole. If Ger-
many's system were inferior to the
pluto-democracy of France and the
communism of Russia, she could nv-
er have conquered these countries.
Both took twice as long as Germany
to prepare for this war. And if Na-
ziism's excesses are also its good'
points, we are doomed to adopt them
in order to compete in the modern
But these excesses are not Naziism.
Even in Germany they will probably
disappear in time. The features of
Naziism we are adopting at the'pres-
ent time, must adopt, are those which
increase productivity, end unemploy-'
ment, spread culture to the masses.
The question is, will we adopt totali-
tarianism, the bad feature of :Nazi-
ism, along with the good features?
Today we are. But it is possible for
America to save her democracy,,
which I believe she wants to do, if
she only knew which way was up. To
do this she must stay out of the
European War, incorporate the econ-
omy of South America into her own
by cooperation with the Good Neigh-
bors, reorganize the federal govern-

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By Lichty

1 -
"If your folks don't answer this letter, why don't you just turn
it over to a collection agency!"

r~ r
A&g , t 0,or A1)St 41



-Dan Behrman

To Torn Greene:
Mr. Tom Greene,
Managing Editor,
Michigan State,
clo The Michigan Daily,
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Fort Custer, Mich.
Oct. 16, 1941
Dear Tommy:
Don't you worry about those freshman girls
at Michigan State. As an unnamed peril who
has been offered plenty of jobs to pose at bay
on snowy hill-tops I tried my best to meet one
of the corn-fed State lasses at the contest.
I got treated colder than a Chicago Tribune
reporter at a White House press conference.
Nope, Tommy, don't you worry about those
girls. They're intelligent and don't do things
without thinking-that is, they're not Greene.
Draft No. 138
e '
Citizen Kane'..,.
To the Editor: '
The excellent movie Citizen Kane not only
brings to light the tragedy of William Randolph
Hearst, but it also recalls an incident taking
place in 1935, when the newspaper tycoon was
once before impersonated in Ann Arbor-on the
Library steps.
That was the spring when the "radicals" were
on the loose with their Willis Ward crusade,
their Strachey meeting, an unauthorized peace-
strike and other folderols. The night when
Willful Willie was impersonated, there had been
administered on those same steps that morning,
the famous Oxford Oath.
But the Law students who had turned actors
didn't count on being out-sleuthed. Their make-
up was dug out of a closet, and they were brought
to the bar of a discipline committee, found
guilty, and sentenced to a- year of probation on
good behavior.
Their little burlesque on Hearst and his pro-
tege was not within a mile as indecent as some
initiation ceremonies held on these historic
steps at a later date, and they might have es-
caped notice entirely, but for the prevailing
Now, Orson Welles has done in grand style
pushed out. But we also know that the manu-
facturers as a group are not all "red-blooded
So we don't feel sorry for Mr. Pegler and his

(Continued from Page 2)
Smoked Glasses Needed: We are
unable to obtain more dark glasses
such as we have given to students
after eye tests. There may be some
of these about student rooms which
we would appreciate having returned
to the Pealth Service for use.
Warren E. Forsythe,
Director, Health Service
School of Education Students:. No
course may be elected for credit after
Saturday, Oct. 18. Students must re-
port all changes of elections at the
Registrar's Office, Room 4, Univer-
sity Hall. Membership in a class
does not cease nor begin until all
changes have been thus officially reg-
istered. Arrangements made with the
instructors are not official changes.
Academic Notices
To Students enrolled for series of
lectures on Naval subjects: Lieuten-
ant J. E. Fitzgibbon, iU.S. Navy,
Assistant Professor of Naval Science
and Tactics, University of Michigan,
will deliver a lecture on "The Battle-
ship and the Heavy Cruiser" at 7:15
p.m. on Tuesday, October 21, in
Room 348 West Eigineering Build-
Psychology 34 and 42 make-up ex-
amination will be given Wednesday,
October 22, at 4:00 p.m. in Room 1121
Natural Science.
Psychology 31 make-up examina-
tion will be given Tuesday evening,
October 21, 7:30 to 10 p.m. in Room
1121 Natural Science.
German Make-up Examinations
will be held Monday, October 20, in
Room 204 U.H. 1:30-4:30. Permis-
sion from instructors and consulta-
tions must have been taken care of
as previously announced.
Grace Moore Concert: Tickets for
the Grace Moore concert, Wednes-
day evening, October 22, in Hill Audi-
torium, are on sale over the counter
in Burton Memorial Tower. A limit-
ed number of season tickets (10 con-
certs) or for the other individual con-
certs, are also available. -
On the days of the respective con-
certs, tickets will be on sale at the
Hill Auditorium box office one hour
preceding the beginning of the re-
spective performances.
Charles A. Sink, President
E3Khibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Sketches and water col-
ors of Bali, by Miss Jane Foster, New
York City. Southwestern Indian pot-
tery from New Mexico and Arizona,
collected by Professor Gores and Mr.
Cole. Textiles recently acquired for
the Interior Design program. Ground
floor corridor cases, Architecture
Building. Open daily 9 to 5, through
October 31. The public is invited.
Change in time of University Lec-
ture: Dr. Eugene Staley, Professor of
International Economic Relations in
the Fletcher School of Law and Di-
plomacy, will lecture on "A Peace
Settlement in the Far East?" in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing on Monday, Oct. 20, at 3:15 p.m.,
under the auspices of the Economics
Department. The public is invited.
This lecture is scheduled for 3:15
r-m incfa afl o .-1r "m 1_

with slides) . under the auspices of
the Department of Chemistry and the
American Chemical Society, on Tues-
day, October 21, at 4:15 p.m. in 303
Chemistry Building. The public is
cordially invited.
Lecture, College of Architecture
and Design: Mr. Charles W. Eliot,
Director of the National Resources
Planning Board, will speak on "A
National Policy in Planning" as part
of the series of lectures introducing
the graduate program in Regional
and City Planning. Ground floor lec-
ture room, Architectural Building;
Monday, October 20, 2:00 p.m. ,The
public is invited.
Events Today
Singers: Play Production of the
Department of Speech and the School
of Music are planning to combine in
a presentation of an opera. Singers
interested in trying out are requested
to come to the School of Music to-
day at 2:00 p.m. prepared to sing for
two minutes. Please bring music or
V. B. Windt
Graduate Dance:. An informal
radio-record dance will be held to-
night from 9-12 p.m. in the Assembly
Hall of the Rackham Building. Re-
freshments, bridge. All graduate stu-
dents, faculty and alumni invited.
Come with or without dates. Small
admission charge.
Saturday Luncheon Group: Stu-
dents interested in a discussion of the
ethical issues involved in current,
social, and political events will meet
at Lane Hall today for luncheon at
12k)0, (small charge) follpwed by
a discussion at 1:00. Reservations
should be made at Lane Hall.
Work Holidays: The Council of
the Student Religious Association
will leave Lane Hall at 1:00 p.m. to-
day for the Pencraft Court Housing
Project for an afternoon's volunteer
work. The Lutheran Student Guild
will meet at Lane Hall at 2:00 to do
clerical work for the Community Fund
Drive. Both 'groups will meet to-
gether for a picnic supper. Any in-
terested student is welcome to work in
either project. Wear old clothes.


what they did in pantomine, and students are
now paying money to see what was then free.
Moral: wait five years and see the real thing.
Nazi Or Totalitarian? ...
To the Editor:r
There are some in this nation who read into
the remarks of Lindbergh inferences of pogroms'
to come, or anti-Semitism, or pro-Naziism. Read.
ing his speeches, including the Des Moines ad-
dress, will show that none of these things 'is true.
Those who make such assertions are the same
ones who see in Anne Lindbergh's "Wave of the
Future" an endorsement of totalitarianism
(which it is not). The Lindberghs, and others
like them, are interested in preserving our demo-
cratic political system by keeping us out of a
European whr which does not concern us. Upon
this basis only has it been possible for Kathryn
Lewis, John T. Flynn, and Hugh S. Johnson to
cooperate in one group.
I am not saying that keeping out of war is
enough to preserve our democracy; but entrance
into war dooms democratic government to his-
tory books. Capitalism seems incapable of sur-
vival; it is already on the way out both here and
abroad. But democracy is flexible enough so
that it can survive, here, if immediate action is
taken to stop the drift to totalitarianism in
There are good features about Naziism, of
course. Anyone who has looked at Germany im-
partially, without having his viewpoint distorted


Coming Events
English Journal Club will meet
Tuesday evening at 8:00 in the East,,
Conference Room of the Rackham
Buildin-, The speaker will be Pro-
fessor Joe Lee Davis. Graduate stu-
dents in English and other interested
pers':ons are cordially invited.
J. D. O'Neill
Transportation Club Meeting on
Monday, Oct. 26, at\7:45 p.m. in 1213
East Engineering Building.
Alpha Nu, men's honorary speech
fraternity, will meet on Tuesday, Oc-
tober 21, in the Alpha Nu Room,
fourth floor Angell Hall. All mem-
bers are invited.
Varsity Glee Club Officers' meet-
ing Sunday at 4:15 p.m. iA. the Glee
Club Room. Glee Club rehearsal at
4:30 p.m.
International Center: The classes
in Language Service at the Center
are scheduled as follow:
Portuguese: Beginners, Monday,
7:00 p.m., Tuesday, 8:30 p.m., Thurs-
day, 8:30 p.m. Advanced, Tuesday,
7:00 p.m.; Thursday, 7:00 p.m.
Spanish: Beginners, Thursday and
Friday, 4:00 p.m. Advanced, Thurs-

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