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October 18, 1941 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1941-10-18

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Partly Cloudy


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1 4 1 -WOWN-


P'egler Opposes
The Wagner Act



w Z--.n -n - -'. --


Raider Hunted
By U.S. Ships
As Destroyer

Nazis Claim Advances




To Moscow



r -.--.r -M

- ,

Fierce German Attacks Are Repulsed, Russians Say,
Acknowledge 'Orderly' Retreat From Odessa
_ _

Tension High In Capital;
Fear Raid May Be Nazi
Move To Bolster Japan
House Authorizes
Arming Vessels
(By The Associated Press),
grim hunt was believed in progress
tonight in the foggy North Atlantic
for the raider which torpedoed the
U.S. destroyer Kearny, but failed to
sink it some 350 miles southwest of
Iceland this morning.
Tension in the capital, meantime,
was high as some members of Con-
gress interpreted this first success-
ful attack on, an/American warship
since the European conflict began as
a Nazi effort 'to encourage Japan to
some new aggression in the Pacific.
Angry denunciations of Hitler, and
predictions of swift American retalia-
tion came from several Congressmen,
and the House swiftly passed a bill
authorizing the President to arm
Am rican merchantmen.
'Kearny' Seeks Port
The Kearny itself-$5,000,000, 1,630
ton destroyer completed only a year
ago-presumably was limping toward
some American port for repairs.
The Navy's brief announcement the
Kearny had been attacked said it
yas able, despite the damage: "to
roceed under her own power." The
text of the announcement:
"The U.S.S. Kearny, destroyer, was
torpedoed this morning while on pa-
trol duty about 350 miles south and
west of Iceland. No casualties ,to
personnel were indicated in dispatches
received by the Navy Department.
Despite the damage received, the ship
is able to proceed under her own
"The U.S.S. Kearny is undef com-
mand of Lieut.-Comdr. A. L. Danis,
U.S. Navy. The ship is one of the
Navy's newest destroyers. She was
laid down in 1939 and completed in
1940. This ship has a standard dis-
placement of 1,30 tons. The ship
is ,341 ,feet long and has a 35-foot
beam. She is armed with the stand-
ard 6-inch battery of her class.
"No other details are available to
the Navy Depatment at this time."
Questions Open
For the time being the Navy stood
on that statement which, it was noted,
left unanswered such questions as:
What type of craft, submarine,
surface raider or airplane, Fired the
torpedo? What was its nationality?
Was the Kearny able to strike back?
In official circles, however, the
general presumption was that a sub-
marine fired the torpedo. It was con-
sidered highly .improbable an air-
plane would have been operating so
far at sea or that a surface raider,
if one had slipped past British and
American patrols farther to the east,
could have approached close enough
to the speedy destroyer to hit it with
a torpedo.
While the Navy declined to say
what action was being taken, there
was little doubt an aggressive search
was under way for the attacker.
President Roosevelt, at a press
conference inHyde Park, N.Y., said
(Continued on Page 6)
House Authorizes '
Arming Vessels
WASHINGTON, Oct. 17.-()-A
tense, solemn House, stirred but not
excited by the torpedoing of the
United States Destroyer Kearny, vot-
ed by an almost two-to-one majority
today to authorize the arming of
American merchant ships to protect
them and their crews from Nazi

The brief but momentous measure,
repealing the Neutrality Act's two-
year-old ban on the arming of mer-
chantmen, was sent to the Senate by
the overwhelming roll-call vote of
259 to 138. Short tempers flared
several times during the debate which
preceded the vote, but the outcome
was never in doubt.
Republicans divided sharply on
the issue, 39 of them joining with)
219 Democrats and the lone Ameri-
can-Laborite to pass the measure.
Twenty-one Democrats sided with 113
Republicans, three Progressives' and
one Farmer-Laborite against it.
Only one attempt was made to
amend the measure, Representative
Izac (Dem.-Calif.) proposing that
-,,fl.c r inn a ua fnr liife in li ran 00


Today In Nation's Top Contest;
Wildcats Are Pre-Game Favorites

BERLIN, .Oct. 17.-(I)-The Ger-
man armies battling toward Moscow
were declared tonight to have occu-
pied factories, power plants and lig-
nite fields in the city's outlying ec-
onomic region and thus to have
brought appreciably closer the last
great struggle for the Soviet capital.
Just where these industrial centers
lay was not precisely stated. It was
said, however, their capture repre-
sented advances west and south of
A German commentator declared
that assuming the wind was right the
city was now hearing the thunder of
Nazi guns. And in any case, he added,
"German air bombs must be pain-
fully audible."
Swift German Advances
Not only the central front but the
far southern theater, in the region
extending from Kharkov on the Do-
nets River to Rostov on the Don to
the east, were described here as areas
of swift German advances.
The Ukrainian,. German and Allied
armies, freed by the fall of Odessa
from any possible fear of counter-
action at their southern flank, were
said to be smashing eastward in the
Donetz valley against a desperate
Russian resistance typified by Fled
counter-attacksnwhich hurled old-
fashioned cavalrymen head-on at
German tanks.
In a single such clas-between
what the Nazis called the arms of the
present and last, centuries-it was
claimed the Russian units were deci-
mated and that 800 prisoners, 500
horses and 51 cannon were captured.
Attacks Beat Off
Meanwhile Moscow declared that'
Red armies before Moscow beat off
one fierce attack after another by
German forces battering at the west-
ern defenses of the'capital, the Rus-
sians announced officially early to-
"Heavy ,fighting contin'ued along
the whole front," said the early morn-
ing communique, which also announ-
ced the abandonmbnt of the Black
Sea port of Odessa. "Fighting was
especially stubborn in the western
direction where the Red Army beat
off several fierce enemy attacks."
Earlier front line dispatches said
the Soviet defenders had smashed
two Geman spearheads which had
Nation Faces
Flu' Outbreak
Public Health Association
Told Of Winter Danger
ATLANTIC CITY, N.J., Oct. 17.-
(A)-The nation was warned today
to brace itself this winter for an epi-
demic of influenza which may be as
severe as that of 1918 and 1919.
It may not kill as many persons
as did the epidemic of the first World
War, when hundreds of thousands
died from the disease, Dr. S. Edward
Sulkin, Dr. Joseph F. Bredeck and
Dr. David Douglas of the St. Louis
(Mo.) health division told the Ameri-
can Public Health Association today,
but all all scientific indications point
to a rapid and widespread epidemic
sweping the country during the com-
ing winter months.
The scientists said they were not
trying to "throw a scare" into people,
but analysis of the present situation
revealed two things: a minor epidem-
ic of flu swept eastward from the
West Coast, probably having origin-
ated in Hawaii a year ago; it has
lain dormant during the summer
months, possibly building up its viru-
Exactly the same situation existed
in 1915 and 1916, when the so-called
"Spanish influenza" broke out on the
East Coast and spread like a forest
fire which did not burn itself out

until late in 1919.
NBC, Detroit Stations
T ill Broadcast Game
Even if you have a one station
radio, you should be able to listen to
the play by play broadcast of the
Michigan-Northwestern game today.
Starting at 1:45 p.m. the Red Net-
work of the National Broadcasting
Company will carry a coast to coast,
hook-up with Ford Pearson hangingl
on to the mike.
Locally, WWJ will offer a play by

penetrated defenses approximately
100 miles from the city, but that the
situation of the capital remained
The communique failed to specify
where the assaults on the central
front were stopped, but dispatches
to the official press said the Germans
were beaten back at Vyazma, 125
miles west of Moscow, and also at
QKalinin, 95 miles northwest.
Evacuation Completed
"The evacuation of Soviet troops
from Odessa, organized by the Red
Army command during the past eight
days, was completed in time and in
perfect order," it said of the retreat
from the southern city which the
Germans announced they entered
"Our troops having fulfilled their
task in the Odessa area were trans-
ferred by our fleet to other sectors
of the front in a perfectly orderly
manner and without any losses.
"Rumors disseminated by the Ger-
man radio to the effect that Soviet
troops were forced to evacuate Odessa
by an onslaught of German and Ru-
manian forces are absolutely without
Music School
Opera Tryouts
'To Meet Today
Vocalist Asked To Bring
Music Or Accompanist
For Brief Selections
Talented singers are invited to try
out for parts in the opera to be gven
by Play Production of the Department
of Speech and the School of Music at
a meeting at 2 p.m. today in the
music school.
The opera, which will be of the
calibre of Mozart's "Il Seraglio" and!
"The Bartered- Bride" offered here
previously, will be one of two oppor-
tunities during the year for students
with vocal skills to take roles in dra-
matic productions.
Any students who are interested in
trying out are to come prepared to
sing for about two minutes and are
asked to bring either the music for
their selection or an accompanist
with them.
Valentine B. Windt, director of;
Play Production; Thor Johnson, con-
ductor of the University Symphony
Orchestra and members of the facul-
ty of the School of Music will judge
the competitors.
The opera to be produced has not
yet been selected.
Art Cinema Films
To Complete Run
"China Strikes Back" and "Time
in the Sun" will be given their final
showing at 8:15 p.m. today in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Sponsored by the Art Cinema Lea-~
gue, both films possess qualities
rarely found in popular productions.
"China Strikes Back," termed a
"striking document of the unification
of Free China," was filmed in the
hitherto inaccessible regions of
Shensi Province and North China.
"Time in the Sun," based on Ser-'
get Eisenstein's unfinished film "Que
Viva Mexico," has an unusual story-
four novels framed byyprologue and
epilogue, all unified by conception
and spirit.
SA Walt Disney cartoon will com-
plete the program.
'Rob Moor' Route
IRadioed To Nazis

NEW YORK, Oct. 17.-(.P)-Five
days before the American steamship
Robin Moor sailed from New York
cn its last voyage, Leo Waalen, one
of i5 men now on trial for espionage
conspiracy, submitted its sailing date"
and destination for radio transmis-
sio4 to Germany, FBI agent William"
Freideman testified today.
The Robin Moor was sunk May 28
halfway between Brazil and South
Africa; and some of the eight pas-
sengers and 38 seamen who were
rescued said they belived the trailing
German submarine had advance in-
formation on the Robin Moor's route.
Owen Geer Will Speak

Varsity Halfback To Perform Today


Paul White, big sophomore wingback who suffered a severe shoulder
injury in the Wolverine opener with Michigan State, has finally re-
sponded to treatment and will add speed to the Michigan backfield
in today's Northwestern fray.
Henry J. Allen, Child Aid Head,
ToSeak TdyIRahm


Two "children" of the Ann Arbor
branch of the Save the Children Fed-
eration will hature today.
One of them was to bring former
Sen. Henry J. Allen, chairman of
the British child aid committee of
the Federation, here to speak. This
"child" has come of age-humani-
tarian Allen speaks at 6 p.m. today
at a dinner, chaired by Prof. James
K. Pollock of the political science
department, in the League. Allen
will also address a public/ gathering
at 8 p.m. in the Rackham Lecture
"Child" number two was the build-
ing of a children's nursery shelter
in the village of Red Ruth, Cornwall,
England. Christened the "Ann Arbor
Nursery Home," it has been turned
over to the child aid committee and
is being maintained by the local
branch. This news was disclosed in
a cable received yesterday by Mrs.
Preston W. Slosson.
Allen, former governor of Kansas,
has been a recent visitor to the Corn-
wall shelter and is expected to men-
tion certain phases of it in his talks.
The Ann Arbor shelter houses
many of the British chilren "blitzed"
out of their homes and child refugees
from Germany, Spain, France and
other countries.
The local branch of the Federation,
Nye Debunks
'Greer' Attack
Senator Claims Roosevelt
Withheld 'Whole Story'
PATERSON, N. J., Oct. 17.-(A)-
Senator Nye (Rep.-N.D.) charged to-
might President Roosevelt did not
"tell the whole story" when he an-
nounced the destroyer Greer had en-
countered a submarine off Iceland
more than a month ago."
In an address prepared for an*
America First rally, Nye said the tor-
pedo attack on the destroyer Kearny,
announced by the Navy today, could
be expected to "add somewhat to the
feeling that we are being attacked by,
"The force of these incidents, how-
ever, can well be dissipated by know-
ledge of the extent to which we have
gone, under the leadership of the
President, to invite these incidents,''
he declared.
"It now can be told that the Presi-
dent did not tell us the whole story
when he revealed the encounter of
the Greer with German submarines.
He did not tell then what we knowj
now, namely, that the Greer went tol
l-t h-ir1rI Cn.ar climarino linA

which has already sent $1,400 toward
the nursery home and now aims at
a $4,500 yearly goal, is co-chaired
by Mrs. Preston W. Slosson and Mrs.
Edward W. Blakeman.
An informal reception for Allen
will be held in the League concourse.
The dinner and lecture program were
arranged by assistants Mrs. Julio del
Toro, Prof. Bradley M.' Davis of the
botany department, Mrs. William
Giefel, Mrs. Louis C. Karpinski, Mrs.
Flora B. Reinhardt, Mrs. L. F. Ritter-
shofer and Miss Anna C. Cawley.
Prof. W. C. Hood, a fellow Kansan,
will introduce Allen at the League
dinner, while Prof. W. Carl Rufus
will preside at the lecture.
V ich y Accusation
Of Ex-Ministers
Disclaimed By Cot
NEW YORK, Oct. 17.-(P)-Pierre
Cot, former air minister of France,
one of six men on whom Marshal
Henri Petain yesterday placed the
blame for France's military defeat,
declared in a statement tonight "the
truth is that the Vichy government
needs a scapegoat."
Chief of State Petain announced
in Vichy that by his judgment Gener-
al Maurice Gamelin, ex-Premiers Ed-
ouard Daladier, Leon Blum and Paul
Reynaud, and Georges Mandel, for-
mer Minister of the Interior, had been
ordered to confinement in the Pyren-
ees fortress of Pourtalet. He deferred
action in the case of Cot, who is in
this country.
Replying categorically to Petain's
statements that these leaders were
among those wh plunged France
into a war disaster, Cot asserted:
"Then men of Vichy/ will never be
able to justify the double error they
committed in refusing to continue
the fight in North Africa and in de-
livering France over to Fascism."
West Quadrangle Holds
Tea Dance Mixer Today
Probably the largest student mixer
on campus in recent years will be
held today when residents of the
West Quadrangle play host to hun-
dreds of girls from Adelia Cheever
House, Alumnae House, Helen New-
berry, t Betsy Barbour, Moshet-Jor-
dan and Stockwell at a tea dance
from 3 to 5 p.m.
Featuring music by Bill Sawyer
and his orchestra, the social will offer
dancing for those who desire it: In
addition, the broadcast of Northwest-
ern game will be on in the lounge

Evanston Backfield Boasts de Correvont,
Graham, With Capable Subs Constant
Threat To Michigan's Forward Wall
(Special To The Daily)
EVANSTON. Ill., Oct. 17.-Football fever gripped this tension-packed
metropolitan suburb tonight as title-hungry Michigan and Northwestern
machines, geared to shoot every ounce of energy in a quest for Western
Conference and national honors, completed last-minute preparations for
their clash in the country's number one grid attraction tomorrow.
As the two undefeated elevens quietly went through their last pre-
game workouts in the Wildcats' Dyche Stadium and then retired to their
usual country hideaways for a good night's sleep, the huge homecoming
crowd of 47,000 which will pack the horseshoe for the kickoff at 2 p.m. be-
came increasingly restless. Their emotions, whipped to a frenzy by the
- prospects of tomorrow's crucial battle,
hit a peak in tonight's tremendous'
Pixopre-game pep rally here.
Outstanding game of the day, this
15th annual meeting between the two
Up institutions, is expected to touch off
a display of offensive fireworiks,
G ver~n nnt matching those of any of the previ-
ous thrill-saturated engagements. And
out of the terrific scrap will emerge,
-- BULLETIN- barring a tie, a very strong contend-
TOKYO, Saturday, Oct. 18.- er to thepresent national champion-
P--Lieut. Gen Eiki Tojo formed ship Minnesota Gophers.
and swore in a new Japanese Northwestern's brilliant array of'
cabinet today with himself as backfield talent, touted as the finest
premier, war minister and home in the nation, has caused the Wild-
minister and 'Siigengri Togo, cats to be installed slight pre-game
forier ambassador to both Ber- favorites among the Randolph Street
tini andI Moscow, as foreign mn- ',betting fraternity. TheyV quote odds
ister of a governmept reportedly n terpe.
pledged to pursue a 'strong polcy of 7-5 on'the Purple.
toward the United States and Wolverines Base Hopes On Line
other foreign powets But Michigan supporters, basing
their confidence on the Wolverines'
(By The Associated Press) rock-ribbed forward wall which has
General Tojo thus became one of been unscored on in, the last 178
the most powerful premiers in the minutes of competition, are covering
recent history of Japan, with a firm the majority of this Northwestern
grip on the internal situation through money.
the Home Office and an equally The Wildcats' higl.powered of-
strong grasp on foreign policies fense, which has .crushed Kansas
through the War Ministry. State and Wisconsin, scoring 92
Personnel of the cabinet succeeding points in the process, will be Michi-
that of Prince Fumimaro .Konoye, gan's main concern tomorrow. Spear-
which resigned Thursday, was dis- headed by tailbacks Bill deCorrevont
closed only with the installation cer- and Otto Graham and fullbacks Doe
emonies in the presence of the em- Clawson and George Benson, North-
peror at the palace this afternoon, western's backfield talent is divided
General TojoA an admirer of the into two- highly-effective combina-
German military method, chose as tions which are run in and out of
his navy minister Admiral Shigetaro games by Coach Lynn Waldorf with
Shimada, commandant of the Yoko- deadly result to opposition defenses.
suka navy yard and former com- High-Geared Wildcat Offense
mander of the fleet in China waters. As soon as one unit begins to slow
Other members of the cabinet, down, in goes a fresh one, and the
which informed sources said was de- Wildcat offense never drags. It op-
termined to strenghen the national erates at a constant rate of high
wartime structure, inluded: speed. And therein lies much of
Vice Admiral Ken Terashima, rail- Northwestern's real strength. In the'
ways and communications; Okinobu Wisconsin tilt, which was tied at 14
Kaya,; finance, a post he held in an points apieceat halftime, the Wild-
earlier Konoye cabinet; Shinsuke cats struck with devastating deadli-
Kishi, commerce and industry, a pro- ness in the final 30 minutes, mainly
motion from vice minister of that because the fleet, hard-driving Purple
department; Lieut. Gen. Chikahiko backs were able to remain fresh. They
Koizumi, welfare; Michiyo Iawmura ran back two pass interceptions and
justice; Hiroya Ino, agriculture; one punt for touchdowns, ending up
Kunikhiko Iashida, education; and with a 41-14 triumph.
Maj. Gen. Teiichi Suzuki, minister Rounding out the Northwestern in-
without portfolio. terchangeable backfield units are
The last five are holdovers in the Capt. Floyd Chambers and Muske-
'same positions they had under Kon- gon's Ike Kepford at the right half
Eiichi Mori was named chief of post and ksharp-blocking Don Kruger
Eiihi on as ame chef f jand. Dick Erdlitz at the key quar-
the legislative bureau and Masayuki terback slots.
Tani, a career diplomat who has But it is the dynamite-laden legs of
served in Germany, the United States, deCorrevont and Graham that the
China and many other countries, was Wolverines fear most tomorrow. The
chosen president of the board of in- former, a fine grid performer for the
formation. (Continued on Page 3)
U.S. Planes Proven In Britain;
NavyTo Build Plastic Gliders

In England, Oct. 17.-VP)-The United
States-built Airacobra has been
stamped "the best pursuit plane in
the air" by the pilots of the first RAF
squadron in Britain using Nnerican-
made fighter planes, just bacli from
two days of swift forays across the
The Airacobras shot up a ship in
the channel, riddled harbor installa-
tions with cannon and machine-gun
fire and returned safely to their base
without encountering any German
fighters, they reported.
Thie Canadian, South African, Eng-
lish, Czech and New Zealand pilots of
the squadron are confident these
planes can best the famed Messer-
schmitt 109F.
The pilots agree the Airacobras will
outfight the British. Hurricanes at
.ri li ichf ndm..n_,_ sn.Rnifi f

WASHINGTON, Oct. 17.-(P)-De-
velopment of a new synthetic mater-
ial described as "particularly suited"
td aircraft construction was disclosed
today in an announcenent the Navy
had ordered a fleet of 14 gliders, in-
cluding four big transports made of
plastics. '
Military airmen long have dreamed
of a plane construction material that
could be molded to shape in large
sections for speed in building yet have
the same strength and durability in
relation to weight as characterized
the best airplane metals.
Whether the wood-impregnated
plastic with which the Navy is now
preparing to conduct advanced ex-
periments is such a material remains
to be seen, but Navy officers who
have made preliminary tests are re-
ported to think highly of its qualities.
Tnr iav ir n f , f . n .,.nri nf.

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