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January 30, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-30

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THE.!R$I)AY , JN-U ,R- ::If;1y41





America Must Prepare
For Economic Invasion

Edited and managed by students, of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41

Editorial Staff

Hervie Haufler,.
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldman.
Laurence Mascot$
Donald Wirtebafter
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

. Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. . . -City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
.Women's Editor
. . Exch#nge Editor

Business Stafff

Business Manager
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause


The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.
President Roosevelt
Begins A Decisive Regime
the inaugural ceremonies in Wash-
ington last week. The atmosphere was con-
strained and relatively serious. Curiously sym-
bolic was the military display: .the armored
cars, the soldiers astride motorcycles, the tanks
whose heavy movements shook the pavement,
the file of trucks bearing anti-aircraft guns.
Many an observer saw in the passing evidence
of the nation's military might ominous and
portentous implications.
The inaugural address of Franklin Roosevelt
was no great state document. 'It was a reason-
ably well stated expression of the democratic
philosophy, but it was full of the glowing gen-
erality and the pretty phrase. The audience
response was polite and generally favorable, but
no great enthusiasm was noted. Nor could the
inaugural speech be considered a review of
Franklin Roosevelt's past record nor a full-
fledged prophecy of his future course.
A thorough evaluation of Franklin Roosevelt's
total contribution to American political history
would obviously be premature. No living man
has the desired and necessary objectivity for such
an evaluation. Yet it is quite possible to assess
the dominant and significant trends of the
past and to express a hope for the future.
EVEN THE MOST articulate members of the
President's partisan opposition will no doubt
admit that the administration of Franklin
Roosevelt has been in the past and will probably
continue to be in the future one of few politically
decisive regimes in U.S. political history. During
the decade of the thirties the whole concept
of government in America has undergone pro-
found changes: the doctrine of laissez-faire in-
dividualism seems strangely outmoded, suggges-
tive of a past era in American life; political
thinking in terms of social values has come to
be widely prevalent. Emphasis on the preser-
vation of mere form in government-for example,
the devotional obeisance and unquestioning con-
formity to the letter of constitutional strictures,
has been supplanted by emphasis on the very
great contribution which government can make
to social progress in this country.
Franklin Roosevelt has in large measure
brought a new type of administrator into gov-
ernmental circles. The conventionalized stogie-
smoking politician with a single-minded interest
in the dispensation of patronage has been wide-
ly replaced by men who are intbrested primarily
in social and political reform and in the in-
ception of scientific practice and procedure in
government. Representatives of this new type
are Henry Wallace, Robert Jackson, Frank
Murphy, Felix Frankfurter and William Doug-
las. And in many lesser posts and throughout
the federal departments will be found earnest
young men who are passionately devoted to the
continuous improvement and the increased im-
portance of government. Their indirect influ-
ence will. be one of the lasting effects of Frank-
lin Roosevelt's administration.
The President's precedent-setting third
term may well be the most epoch making
of his whole administration, for he no doubt
conceives of himself as the Defender of
Democracy. The events of the next four

THERE IS STILL TIME at two a.m. if you are
not the worrying kind. If you know you
will go right to sleep, and not lie there in the
dark turning from one side to the other, worry-
ing about the next day, worrying about whether
you should get up and turn the study lamp
back on and cram just a few more pages down
you, just enough pages to put you to sleep, then
there is still time to get in between those cool
sheets, and forget about everything for awhile.
You balance at two a.m. the satisfaction of try-
ing, against not having the world stale and sore
as it is when you stay up all night, but you have
to make up your mind fast, because another
hour of sitting there smoking cigarettes that
taste like animal leavings, of turning the pages
of the book vacantly over and over without read-
ing a word because you cannot think, of vain
tired wishing that you had done the work when
it should have been done, of maybe wishing you
were home, will be too much, for then there is
no getting back, you might as well stay up, but
knowing that lack of decision and not desire
to do well on the exam is your motivation, you
won't get enough done to make it worth a night's
sleep, and so you will spend five hours or so
sitting at your desk, scratching your head, afraid
of everything in the world, afraid of the nightI
outside, afraid to see the sun come up, afraid of
being out in the merciless glare of daylight.
You will read a page, then read it again, then
you will go on and read the next page, but know
that nothing of tie first page has remained with
you. You will get up and pace back and forth in
the room, wishing there was somebody you could
talk to, that just one other guy in the world
were staying up too, but no one ever is, not on
the night you are working anyhow. And from
somewhere in the back of your head there comes
the thought that even if there were, if there
were a room mate there across the desk, you
would talk, or listen to the Dawn Patrol, not
study, so what would be the use? There is the
key word of the whole night for you. What is
the use, what's the use, what's the use? You
wonder if a man dies, and you go to the mirror
and look at yourself, and think about dying,
and always if you are the worrying kind, there
is a fear of madness, unreasonable certainly,
but not so remote when the house silently ticks
around you, when far away a car goes by in the
night, or you hear the grind of a truck's motor
climbing up a hill.
YOU FORCE yourself back into the book, and
realize you cannot see the type clearly, that
your eyes are too tired to read. You close your
eyes hoping subconsciously that you will fall
asleep, but you do not sleep, you are obsessed
now with the sense not of the length of the
night, but the shortness of the hours before cold
and shivering you must carry your little blue-
book into the buzzing classroom, and you see
that there isn't a chance in the world of getting
through all those pages and pages and pages
before it is too late, and for the tightening reality
of it, you cannot sleep, you know you will not
sleep until it is over, win, lose or draw, and
sitting there, you find that you have to force
the lids down to keep your eyes shut, and finally
you open them, looking just at the wall across
the room, not at the book. Your face is tired,
Franklin Roosevelt enters upon his third term,
he must surely be awed by his own responsibility
in helping to determine the answer to the ques-
tion of whether or not the U.S. will send another
expeditionary force to Europe. Thus it is im-
portant for the President to realize the tre-
mendous sentiment for peace in this country.
Unfortunately a part of this sentiment for peace
has been diverted into ineffectual and now dis-
credited peace organizations - for example,
Verne Marshall's No Foreign War Committee,
whose reputed connections with William Rhodes
Davis has lessened whatever influenrces the com-
mittee was exerting nationally. But the basic
desire for peace is nonetheless strong: the Presi-
dent must recognize its character and intent.
These persons agree with the President in his
strong denuciation of the Fascist way of life.
They are willing and eager to grant limited eco-
nomic aid to Britain (though many of them may
hesitate to support the lease-lend bill as a
specific form of aid, as an unjustified grant of
power to an impetuous executive). They are

willing to accept the burden of the costly na-
tional defense program. But these persons are
at no time willing to sanction actual 'military
participation in the Second World War. The
President must never overlook that intense and
determined desire for peace.
the University of Chicago, has stated the
reasons for this point of view brilliantly and con-
clusively. He said:
"If we stay out of war we may perhaps
some day understand and practice freedom
of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from
want and freedom from fear. We may even
be able to comprehend and support justice,
democracy, the moral order and the su-
premacy of human rights. Today we have
hardly begun to grasp the meaning of the
"If we go to war, we cast away our op-
portunity and cancel our gains. For a gen-
eration, perhaps for a hundred years, we
shall not be able to struggle back to where
We were. In fact the changes that total
war will bring may mean that we shall never
be able to struggle back. Education will
cease. In its place will be vocational and
military training. The effort to establish
a democratic community will stop. We shall
think no more of justice, the moral order

and sore, and your throat is dry. You go into
the bathroom and put cold water on your face,
resting your eyes in the cool wet of the wash-
cloth, and drink some water. Then you go back
to the room, and smell as you come in, the stench
of a room filled with old cigarette smoke and
the ugly odor of ground out stubs.
ALL RIGHT, so you do get a little work done,
mostly to keep from thinking about how
much work you won't get done. Suddenly there
is the loud noise of the street cleaning truck
that brushes noisily past, growling its way along
the curbs, lighting the deserted street, then
passing by, turning and coming back, then doing
the same over on the next street, until as you
sit listening, the sound is gone. Another cig-
arette, worse tasting than the last one, and to-
bacco crumbs stick to your chapped lips. Silence,
and the impulse to run out and follow that street
cleaning truck along the silent streets or maybe
the man would let you get us beside him and
ride along, just for noise and light and motion.
Silence again. More of the book, because you
have looked at the clock, with the alarm set in
case you should fall asleep. The milk truck
grinding of slow gear, and clink of bottles, and
the world is beginning slowly to awaken, and
there is so much more to read, so much that
will be asked for. Here and there in the cold1
gray, with the street lights still on, you hear
cars starting, being gunned by the early workers
in the cold grease of the night now gone, and
nothing done, yo might so much better have
slept. But the time to think about that was at
two a.m. Too late now. Never get up if you
turned in now. Artificial light too bright for
the eyes. Natural light gray outside the win-
dow, not enough to read by. So you get up and
put shoes on, and a coat and hat and go out
into the quick step air, gasping and breathing
thfough the mouth at the cold ache of it in
your nostrils. Things are :a little better now,
and you smile at the thought of serious psy-
chologists telling every year in a feature article
that a good night's sleep is the best preparation
for an exam, and you snort a curse on the heads
of those who study when they should and go
to shows during exam week, and then you are
in a dingy noisy restaurant, eating a dirty break-
fast off chipped plates, drinking weak cold cof-
fee, and the cigarette doesn't taste any better
You go home, go back to your room, and heat
the gradual, alarm ringing wakings of the others
in the house, and staring at the weak sunshine
on the carpet, you think coolly of the exam,
and are ready to tell them all to go'to, and the
resolves of earlier, to go back some day and get
all that stuff straight at your leisure are gone,
and all that remains is a feeling that maybe
you'll fool them, you'll write the whole three
hours anyhow, no matter what you say. The
alarm clock rings. You hadn't realized it was
time yet. The fear comes back, and hurriedly
you get together pen, blotter, pencil, bluebook,
and you are afraid, but you start out anyhow.
Anyone who construes the above as a plea for
a reading period before examinations will be
wrong. What's the use of prolonging the agony?
So long until soon.
Hayden; Falcon Press, $1.50.
AFIRST BOOK OF POEMS by any writer is
an interesting document to study. Within
its covers the reader may discover the answers
to a number of questions: what sort of material
can this new poet turn out with the best re-
sults; what sort would he like to write; of what
sort his future works, if any, will be composed;
and what, if anything, he will be noted for
twenty years hence.
Such a volume is Robert E. Hayden's "Heart-
Shape in the Dust" recently published by the
Falcon Press in Detroit. Hayden was a Hop-
wood winner in the summer of 1938, and the
present volume includes ten of the eleven poems
included in his Hopwood manuscript, although
the publishers advertise that all are included.

Why the eleventh was omitted is a mystery to
me; it was short, simple and full of feeling, con-
taining perhaps the epitome of Hayden's philos-
ophy, which none of the other selections in the
collection quite do. The work I refer to is en-
titled "It Is Not All Night" and may be found
in the bound volume of 1938 summer Hopwood
winners in the Hopwood room.
YES, this collection is Hayden's first published
work, and it answers the usual questions.
A- Negro himself, Hayden is at his best when
writing of the Negro. Unfortunately for him-
self, he seems to be a great admirer of Elinor
Wylie, and falls down consistently when trying
to imitate her style. I believe he realizes this,
and will continue to write of the Negro in his
own individual moving style, and if he does this
I am willing to go on record as predicting that
he will be the leading poet of the Negro race,
ranking high among the poets of the country
at large, twenty years hence.
Here is why I arrive at these conclusions:
Approximately half of Hayden's poems deal
with the Negro. Of these, all are worth read-
ing. Of the remaining half, only half are worth
reading. The majority of the remainder are
imitations of Wylie. Don't tell me I'm preju-
diced-I know it. They may be good poems, they
may be some of his best, if you like Wylie. But
there are very few of her pieces that I can

That most of the GOP chiefs are
hot under the collar becausetheir
erstwhile standard-bearer is behind
the Roosevelt measure is putting it
mildly. They are so sore they could
bite nails. He put the Republican
Party on the spot on this highly
charged issue-the last thing the boys
wanted to happen.;
The unannounced Omaha pow-
wow is a sequel to a similar gathering
of Midwestern state chairmen in Chi-
cago last month, which considered
means of preventing Willkie fromI
getting a grip on the party organi-
zation when National Chairman Joe
Martin steps out. Martin was set to
quit at a National Committee meet-
ing late this month. But following
the urgent pleas of Tom Dewey, Sen-
ator Bob Taft and others, Joe agreed,
for the sake of harmony, to remain
until September.
Participants in the Chicago meet-
ing agreed to return home, sound'
out the party sentiment regarding
Willkie, then meet in Omaha this
week-end to exchange findings. But
since the Chicago meeting, Willkie,
has declared for the lend-lease bill
and turned the party almost upside
How many leaders will attend the
Omaha conference is still in doubt.

nomic warfare.

An attack by a foreign power on
United States through South Amer-
ica would not necessarily be military.
In fact, the odds are greatly in favor
of an attempted economic conquest,
since political control always follows
economic control. Success of such a
venture would threaten the United
States considerably. The South
American problem cannot, therefore,
be overestimated. It has long been
a source of vexation to the govern-
ment. What, then, is the crux of the
matter and hov can we prevent a
hostile power from gaining control
over our Southern neighbors and im-
prove our own relations with them?
Latin-American countries are
largely undeveloped. They are de-
pendent foi their livelihood on the
exports of some agricultural and
mineral products. These exports in
the past have largely gone to Europe.
Europe takes about $850,000,000
worth of exports, and the South
American nations take about $650,-
000,000 worth of European products.
United States imports only $420,000,-
000 worth of products from South
America and exports $320,000,000
worth of products to these same na-


Dew Pm%
WASHINGTON - While Wendell
Willkie is making front page news
in London favoring the lend-lease
armament bill, a group of potenty
Mid-western Republican leaders is
scheduled to meet in Omaha this
week-end to discuss what to do about

Committee on Foreign Affairs last
week to testify on President Roose-
velt's lease-lend bill, Secretary of
State Cordell Hull warned that if
Germany won the European war she
would immediately attack the United
States. probably not directly but
through the weakest part of our de-
fense system. South America. No tru-
er appraisal of the South American
problem has ever been made. It is
certainly the most vulnerable part in
the Western Hemisphere, not only to
iactual militarv invasion but to eco-


Some of the big shots, wary about LTHOUGH reciprocal trade agree-
being tagged openly with a move to ments have helped alleviate the
axe Willkie, may not attend in per- situation, at least prior to the war,
son but will send less conspicuous South America was still sending a
friends to act as "unofficial observ- great bulk of her products to Europe.
ers.' The largest share went to Great
Britain, but since Hitler came into
Is A Spade power with his barter trade, Ger-


Still A Spade? ...

many's share has been increasing.
Of course, the war has effectively put

hat he thought the United States
roposals for absorption of surpluses
ere superficial and of fleeting ben-
fit. A possible first step would be
he investment of more capital in the
evelopment of strategic materials.
olivia produces antimony, used in
he manufacture of plates for stor-
ge batteries, tungsten and tin. Bra-
il has what is believed to be the
argest iron-ore reserve in the world
and oil reserves, perhaps greater than
ienezuela's and Mexico's. .There are
ilso large areas in Brazil, particu-
arly the Amazon basin, Central
America, Colombia, Ecuador and
Venezuela where rubber could be
These returns would have to be
imited to about 10%. Also at the
ame time industries could be en-
couraged. The most trade always
akes place between industrialized
nations with large purchasing power
ike United States and Great Britain.
The porcelain dinnerware and glass-
ware industry in Chile, Peru, Argen-
tina and Chile, the making of leather
gloves in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile,
and the making of wines in Peru and
Chile should all be increased. With
both of- these steps the economic
problem could still not be handled
thoroughly. There must be a central
authority or agreement. Agreements
fixing prices, dividing the market for
exports among the nations, limiting
crops, and distributing surpluses
should be made.
The best ways to counteract Nazi
propaganda are (1)to encourage
more exchange students, (2) send
more American movies to South
America, and (3) have better news
service to South America. Nothing
creates better feeling between na-
tions than exchange students. Amer-
ican movie stars are practically idol-
ized by our Latin neighbors and more
news service would help to lessen the
influence of the Nazi news broadcast
with their propaganda. More Ameri-
can sort wave programs would also
be a wise step.
THE AIRLINES situation is not
quite as bad as it looks. Pan
American still retains a slight su-
periority over its foreign rivals. How-
ever, its equipment is becoming obso-
lete. The government would do well
to aid the company in modernizing
its services. The Civil Aeronautics
Authority should also continue its new
policy of awarding scholarships to
South American students who wish to
receive American training. With the
adoption of all these steps in the
economic and other fields Hitler can
be defeated in South America and
that continent made the strongest
instead of the weakest link 41 the
chain of United States defense.
VOL. LI. No. 91
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
To the Members of the University
Council: There will be a meeting of
the University Council on Monday,
Feb. 10, at 4:15 p.m., in Room 1009
Group Surgical Service: Sufficient
enrollments have been received to
make the plan effective for those who
signed applications either during the
enrollment period in November or the
period just closed. Service under the
terms of these enrollments will be
available to all applicants beginning
February 5, 1941.

To Members of the Faculty of the
College of Literature, Science, and the
Arts: The fourth regular meeting of
the Faculty of the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts for the
academic session of 1940-1941 will be
(Continued on Page 5)
rvE w wvvI

To the vast sea of confusion which Germany out of the South American
swirls about those of us who, at the ! market except for what she can buy
insistence of feminine acquaintainces and sell through the roundabout way
play an occasional rubber of bridge, Iof Russia and Japan.
Ely Culbertson, the self-appointed The Nazis, however, have by no
Caliph of Contract, has added new means stopped their other methods
whirlpools of complication. of undermining the United States in
From a hospital sickbed, Culbert- South America. Their most-used
son has issued a ukase which is des- weapons now are propaganda and
tined to bring delight to 4,000 bridge control of local airlines. Agents try
teachers, who welcome every inova- to stir up the long dormant fear of
tion as an excuse to get a new influx the "colossus, of the North" and its
same time bringing woe to the gen- j imperialism. They and their Italian
eral public. He sets up a new sys- allies do their best to create inci-
tem whereby the lowly duece assumes dents. For example, the Mayor of


a new importance-if a singleton. Buenos Aires recently issued a ban
We have nothing against the duece against the showing of Charlie Chap-
except respect-particularly when it lin's movie, "The Great Dictator," in
is wild. But that is another game. Buenos Aires because of a protest by
As to bridge this is all right with us, the Italian ambassador. Although
except that we haven't learned last his action was condemned . by his
year's rules, or' the rules of the year countrymen, this incident shows the
before than-or in fact any rules. situation we Americans must face.
When we are involved into a bridge In the case of the airlines it is even
game we are a miserable spectacle. more threatening. Openly Germans
We peer dubiously at the cards, ven- are the Deutsche Lufthansa from
ture a bid, and find ourselves in over West Africa to Natal, Brazil, to Rio,
our head with the partner's response, to Buenos Aires, across to Santiago,
After the hand is played, the part- Chile, the Lufthansa Peru, and Syn-
ner, usually feminine, takes full ad- dicato Condor, operating from Belem,
vantage of the opportunity to chide Brazil, to Rio to Buenos Aires to
our bidding and playing derelictions. Santiago. Supposedly under native
Nothing so builds up an inferiority control but using German pilots and
complex in the average male as an equipment are VARIG and VASP in
evening of bridge. And now comes Brazil, Lloyd Aereo Boliviano in
Culberston to make still deeper this Bolivia, Aeroposta Argentina, operat-
winter of our discontent. ing from Buenos Aires to Tierra del
We are going back to the good Fuego, CAUSA in Uruguay, going
old respectable farmer game of check- from Montevideo to Buenos Aires,
ers. and SEDTA in Ecuador.
on---T IS CLEARLY apparent, there-
on the Federal Writers Project; and Ifcre, that strong action must be
he knows the Negro, Southern and taken quickly. The economic prob-
Northern, knows their needs and ilen is, of course, paramount. What
wants, their prayers and their thanks, to do with the surplus South Ameri-
their hates and their loves, their can exports? It is not enough to pro-
fears and their exultations. He has a pose a huge cartel. The Associated
style of recording all these which is Press quoted Senor Leopold Melo,
moving and convincing. If Hayden head of the Argentina delegation to
were to write a poem in that style the Havana conference, as saying
wherein he claimed to have witnessed
the journey of a Negro's soul on its
way to Heaven, I would believe every
word of it. But I know he wouldn't, SP
because one of his chief character- f
istics is his realism. n . ...

I WOULD ADVISE the reader of
"Heart-Shape in the Dust" (a
title borrowed from a Wylie poem)
to turn first to the last piece in the
volume. "These Are My People," a
mass chant which has been drama-
tized by the Chicago Negro group1
theatre, and read it through two orI
three times, preferably out loud.
Then, with an understanding of
what Hayden is driving at and a feel-
ing of his style, read such pieces as
"Southern Moonlight," "Coleman,"'
"Speech," "Bacchanale," "Obituary,"
"Poem for a Negro Dancer" and "Ga-
briel." Don't bother to read IThe
Falcon," "Sonnet to E." "Poem,"
"World's Fair" and others of the sort.
And if you like what you do read, go
over to the Hopwood Room and look
up "It Is Not All Night" and then

750 KC - CBS 920 KC - NBC Red! 1030 KC - Mutual 1240 KC-NBC Blue
Thursday Evening
6:00 News Music; Oddities Rollin' Bud Shaver
6:15 Musical Newscast; Tune Home Chas. Materi Orch,
6:30 Inside of Sports Frazier Hunt Conga Time Day in Review
6:45 The world Today Lowell Thomas In the News To be Announced
7:00 Amos 'n Andy Fred Waring News Easy Aces
7:15 Lanny Ross Dinner Music CBC String Orch. Mr. Keen-Tracer
7:30 vox Pop Xavier Cugat They Shall Intermezzo
7:45 vox Pop. Presents Not Pass Met. Opera Guild
8:00 Ask-it Basket Coffee vignettes of Melody Horace Heidt's
8:15 Ask-it Basket Time Child Welfare Pot O' Gold
8:30 Olson Oddities The Aldrich In Chicago Tommy Dorsey
8:45 Musical; News Family Tonight Orchestra
9:00 Major Bowes Kraft Music Hall Echoes Gabriel Heatter
9:15 Major Bowes - BinguCrosby, Of Heaven Jas. Bourbonnaise
9:30 Major Bowes Bob Burns, News Ace John B. Kennedy
9:45 Major Bowes Trotter Orch. Good Neighbors Let's Dance


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