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January 26, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-26

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- I

+ MUSIC + '

Tightening Up!

ItpNS isI O ' N N '. --
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
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use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
tights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.4
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc-
College Publishers Representative

Graceful and pleasant was the music that
was presented yesterday afternoon and evening
by the Musical Art Quartet in the lecture room
of Rackham Hall-graceful and pleasant in ef-
fect, and largely suave in performance. In pre-
cision and in interpretation there were few really
detectable flaws. Once or twice there was a
slight failure in the bowing, one false interval,
one entrance and one cut-off that could have
been improved upon, and once or twice there
was a lack of unison in the pizzicato passages;
but the performances, on the whole, were admir-
In the afternoon, the program began with the
quartet in G Major by Haydn, which was nicely
done. The first movement, allegro con brio, was
excellently performed; its sprightly rhythm car-
ried smoothly through. In the menuetto, which
we believe to be one of his more lyrical, the em-
phasis was in the first violin, which carried the
burden df melody. The work closed strongly
with the finale presto.
Second on the program, and nicely unusual,
came the "Prelude," "Night," of Ernst Bloch. Its
line was lean and slab-like, of a compelling unity
and structure. "Night" was eloquently suggest-
ive of softness and shadow.
The Borodin quartet in D Major closed the re-

Member, Associated Collegiate
Editorial Staff

Press, 1940-41

Hervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldman'
Laurence Masco#4
Donald Wirtchafte~
Esther Osser .1
Helen Corman

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
Associate Editor
. . Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
* . . .Sports Editor
. ..Women's Editor
Exchange Editor


Business Staff
Business Manager
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause

The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.
How Can We Best
DefenA America?.. .
MERICA is rapidly approaching a
state of war hysteria. The cries for
more aid to Britain and for actual intervention
into the conflict against Germany are ever
growing louder. And even the most optimistic
people in this country are looking upon war
for the United States as inevitable.
The time has come to take stock of the situa-
tion. We know that very few Americans are
pro-German and that some form of aid to the
British is favored by more than 90% of the
population. The questions we should ask our-
selves today are "why do we favor aiding the
British?" and "in what ways will America bene-
fit from such aid?" After we answer those
questions, and only after we do so, will we be
able to intelligently decide the question of the
extent to which we wish to help the British
T IS the failure to ask and answer such ques-
tions which has resulted in a certain "sheep-
ishness" among the American people. The ef-
fect of this situation have not as yet been real-
ized but there is little doubtthat this "sheepish-
ness" will result in an American public which
can easily be led into war.
There are few Americans who wish to help
Britain because they wish merely to see a con-
tinuation of English policy. Certainly the ma-
jority of the people in the United States are
cognizant of the atroqities of England in India
and Africa, and the number is small indeed who
favor a British victory for Britain's sake alone.
ALTHOUGH President Roosevelt frightened
thousands in a recent speech reminding the
people that the Azores were only five hours
from the U.S. for a fast bomber, there are still
only a small number who believe that Germany
will conquer the United States if she defeats
Great Britain. The difficulty Germany has been
facing in an attempt to defeat an enemy only
26 miles away makes the more than 3,000 miles
of Atlantic Ocean seem like a very safe defense
for this country.
The third reason making many Americans
favor support to Britain is the fear that Ger-
many will gain control of South America if she
wins this war, and thus will endanger America.
This raises another question: Can we stave off
Nazi control of the Latin American states best
by helping the British defeat Germany or by
strengthening our own position there?
the English wish to do so because of a fear
of the spread of German ideologies to the West-
ern Hemisphere. Again we have another ques-
tion: Is our best method of attack here more
support to England or is it the improving of
our own government to make it invincible to
the spread of Nazi ideologies?
There is no doubt but that many Americans
will feel that aid to Britain, even intervention
with armed troops, is necessary after they con-
sider these questions. On the other hand there
is also no doubt that many Americans will tend
to take the other points of view - which may or
may not be better.%
ROOSEVELT seems to be leading this country

Is Music 'Highbrow'?
L AST WEEK we protested the fact that many
k of the network programs of good music are
not carried over the Detroit stations, and in
addition to a few letters from Ann Arbor read-
ers (thanks), we received a letter from WWJ
and one from WJR. t
WWJ says: "You are in error in stating that
WWJ does not carry the NBC red network or-
gan recital by Dr. Charles Courboin on Sunday
mornings. This program is actually scheduled
from 8:05 to 8:30 a.m. WWJ has always carried
red network at this hour and will continue to
do so. Some newspaper listings occasionally
print only the first item of a half-hour program
and it may be that WWJ was listed as broad-
casting a newscast from 8 to 8:30 Sunday morn-
ing." We stand corrected.
THE LETTER FROM WJR was more interest-
ing, and throws some light upon the con-
ditions that devotees of serious Sunday music
are up against. Neal Tomy, Publicity Director
of WJR, explains that "Perhaps when you are
out of school and in actual contact with a great
radio audience you will discover that it's quite
a job 'to please each individual in that audience.
We judge from your entire column that you're
a bit highbrow in your musical taste. Better
than 90 per cent of the people are not. Thq time
devoted to really good music by Columbia and
WJR is far in excess of the demand."
That letter represents a pretty typical atti-
tude-that the people don't want good music,
so don't give it to them. Now we don't mean
to cram it down their throats by any means, but
it's been pretty well proven that anyone who can
enjoy a smooth jazz number by John Kirby or
be "sent" by an Ellington improvisation or get
pleasure from a Shaw arrangement of a dance
tune is a potential lover of serious music.
The recent tremendous sales of the so-called
"Music Appreciation" phonograph records of-
fers one pretty good proof of that. We've seen
it happen time and time again-somebody hears
Larry Clinton play his version of the Dance of
the Reed Flutes, from the Nutcracker Suite,
and admits "that's not bad." Then by chance
he happens to notice in the paper that the New
York Phil is going to play the Nutcracker Suite.
Just out of curiosity, to hear how the suite
sounds in the original, he tunes in, and there's
a very good chance he'll like it.
Now, he's still prejudiced against classical
music, mind you, but he says, "maybe this guy
Tschaikowsky's different from the rest-more
melodious," and so one day he listens to Tschai-
kowsky's Fifth Symphony on the air, and likes
it. By then, he's interested to hear what Bee-
thoven and the others sound like, and by the
time he's heard Beethoven's Fifth, he's a sym-
phony enthusiast.
THAT'S THE PART the radio stations and
networks can play in educating the public
-that's why it's important that they play as
much symphony music-especially "light" sym-
phony music-as possible. If the radio can
produce programs with transitory orchestras
such as Kostelanetz, which attempt to bridge
the gap between migratory and permanent mu-
sic, some day most Americans will realize how
music can help make their Jives more enjoyable.
That's our gospel, and we'll stick to it.
Still room for the radio highlights of the day:
WJR, 3-4:30 p.m.-Bruno Walter, guest con-
ductor with the New York Philharmonic, de-
votes the full hour-and-a-half program to the
playing of a single work, the monumental Sym-
phony No. 8 in C minor by Bruckner. WXYZ--
1-1:30--The second half of the Radio Ciy Mu-
sic Hall Symphony, Andor Foldes, pianist, and
Jan Peerce, tenor, as soloists. WWJ-5-5:30-.
Personally we're agin' 'em, but maybe somebody
enjoys the Metropolitan Auditions of the Air.
FUTURE NOTES: Next Saturday's Metropolh.
itan Opera will be the famous double fea-
ture, "Cavalleria Rusticana" and "I Pagliacci,"
with Tibbett and Martinelli portraying Tonio
and Canio in the latter. (WXYZ--2-5 nm)

cital. In this, evidences of the composer's asso-
ciation with Korsakov's works were strong. It
was most pleasantly smooth, the liquid melody
running from the allegro moderato into the live-
ly scherzo, becoming limpid in the notturno. It
was a beautiful work, bringing out the best
efforts of the group.
Mr. Jacobsen was sometimes too brilliant,
which brilliance we thought interferred with the
effect of the grouping, and harmonic arrange-
ments. His shading lacked just a little in much
of the recital, creating a slightly mechanical
Introducing the evening recital was Schubert's
quartet in D minor which began a little coldly,
with an accent on precision that was not alto-
gether congruous with the entire work. Too much
"first violin" seemed to leave unsaid a deal of
the subtle lovely harmonies that are so typically
Schubertesque. The andante became just a little
disorganized and fuzzy in spots, yet the work
warmed favorably and finished interpretatively
good. It was a somber subject, called "Death and
the Maiden," but did not live up to the adver-
tised "baleful atmosphere of death" which ac-
companied the program notes; it was quiet,
sober, and entirely enjoyable.
Turina's quartet, La oracion del torero, was an
interesting piece of ensemble literature, com-
posed in the later impressionistic style, strongly
remindful of Manuel de Falla, the South Ameri-
can composer.
The Ravel quartet in F was the piece de resist-
ance of the recital series as far as we were con-
cerned. The allegro moderato was an easily
flowing melodic line very competently growing
into the accompanying harmony. The char-
acter of the second was entirely in keeping with
the introductory movement, carrying the melody
over a fast pizzicato that was delightful in its
warm intensity. Tres lent, the third movement,
was solemn, darkly quiet, shadowed in dull yet
rich tones. The final section, violently agitated
and in beautiful contrast to th preceding, brought
a harp-like effect in the pizzicato passages in
the 'cello. The quartet was as close to a work
of symphonic proportions as a-work of that kind
can get, and was a fine example of that mode
of expression.
The group encored with a scherzo of Shosta-
kovich, remindful, somehow, of all melodies that
have been e .K.K.
lfinilie Says
"THERE were never so many jobs being held
out to us" is the prompt reply each time
we ask a senior about his immediate future.
If he does not add, "but the draft," it is fair
to assume that his spirits are up and his pur-
pose in life is functioning well. What is this
purpose to which we always refer when ap-
praising a student?
That result in an organism which comes from
environment and the drives is thought of as
behavior. When the organism is not only in-
fluenced by these hereditary and environmental
factors but by a conscious ideal toward which
it is directed, we call it conduct. In general,
therefore, we speak of the behavior of animals
but the conduct of men. When any end is con-
sciously conceived and voluntarily pursued, we
call it purpose.
PURPOSE, fed by an ideal, makes a difference
which can be observed in every group. The
ideal differs from an idea in this, it can attract
to itself all the emotions. Ideals are in a class
by themselves. Life is dynamic, not static, and
the ideal can organize both the drives and the
learned factors into a functioning whole. An
adequate ideal can weld the individual into a
stable personality.
Religions, in a way, are the record of man's
long search for a single easily grasped ideal.
When man finally discovers an ideal which will
empower all classes and kinds of men at various
levels of development, welding each into a hap-
py unity and unifying groups of men into an
immediately satisfying purpose, the Utopias of
which men dream will be within reach. In the
meantime we know the value of an ideal. It

relates all the minor wishes, the incidental re-
lations, and our lesser schedules to a lofty and
inclusive objective. In the presence of such
an ideal one year of, defense training is a mere
incident possible of being made a part of the
whole pattern of a significant life.
ideal is adequate, will measure his ability
against world conditions. German youths have
been in training most of their lives. What
about the British boys already by the millions
called to the colors? Or the Jewish youth on
the continent being snuffed out because of the
contingencies of race, and violated without ref-
erence to intelligence or achievement? The stu-
dent with purpose, now made habitual in his
life, will take, his year of temporary jobs, or ser-
vice, or some slow waiting process, in stride.
His brother, who without an ideal has not yet
developed a purposive pattern of conduct, will
fret, be subject to moods, tend to be nervous
and tense, become self-conscious, and impress
people negatively. In our present campus life,
we can do much to carry along such non-pur-
poseful associates, hoping steadily that adequate
ideals, aided by the exigencies of our epoch, will
take possession of them and move each toward
Acquaintance with faculty men whom we ad-



VOL. LI. No. 88
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Student Accounts: Your attention
is called to the following rules passed
by the Regents at their meeting of
Feb. 28, 1936:
"Students shall pay all accounts
due the University not later than
the last day of classes of each sem-
ester or Summer Session. Student
loans which are not paid or renewed
are subject to this regulation; how-
ever, student loans not yet due are
exempt. Any unpaid accounts at
the close of business on the last day
of classes will be reported to the
Cashier of the University, and
"(a) All academic credits will be
withheld, the grades for the sem-
ester or Summer Session just com-
pleted will not be released, and no
transcript of credits will be issued.
"(b) All students owing such ac-
counts will not be allowed to register
in any subsequent semester or Sum-
mer Session until payment has been
S. W. Smith,
Vice-President and Secretary
Faculty, College of Engineering:
There will be a meeting of the faculty
of this College on Monday, Januaryt
27, at 4:15 p.m., in Room 348, West
Engineering Building.
Residence Halls Applications: There
will probably be a few vacancies in
the Residence Halls for the second
semester. Students who wish to apply
for such vacancies as may occur
should file their applications immedi-
ately. Women students should make
application in the office of the Dean
of Women, and men students in the
office of the Dean of Students.
Karl Litzenberg
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: It is requested
by the Administrative Board that all
instructors who make reports of In-
complete or Absent from Examina-
tion on grade-report-sheets give al-
so information showing the charac-
ter of the part of the work which
has been completed. This may be
done by the use of the symbols, I(A),
X(D), etc.
Actions of the Administrative
Board, College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts: A student has been
placed on probation for the first se-
mester 1940-41 because of plagiar-
ism in a French course.
A student has been suspended for
the balance of the current semester
because of dishonesty in connection
with a Geologv examination.

in the examination schedule, a special
examination during the examination
period may be arranged by thein-
stuctor with the consent of the Ex-
amination Schedule Committee.
It should be noted that a report
of X (Absent from Examination) does
not guarantee a make-up examina-
tion. An instructor must, in fair-
ness to those who take the final ex-
amination at the time annouced for
it, give make-up examinations only
to students whohave a legitimate
reason for absence.
All Students, Registration for Sec-
ond Semester: Each student should
plan to register for himself during
the appointed hours. Registrations
by proxy will not be accepted.
Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar.
Registration Material, College of
Architecture and Design: Students
should call for second semester ma-
terial at Room 4, University Hall, ati
once. The College of Architecture
and Design will post an announce-
ment in the near future giving time
of conferences with your classifier.
Please wait for this notice before
seeing your classifier.
Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar
Registration Material, College of
L.S.&A., and Schools of Education
and Music: Students should call for
second semester registration material
at Room 4, University Hall, as soon
as possible. Please see your adviser
and secure all necessary signatures.
Robert L. Williams
Assistant Registrar
Choral Union Members: Members
of the University Choral Union in

good standing will be issued court-
esy tickets for the Minneapolis Or-
chestra concert on Tuesday, Jan. 28,
the day of the concert, between the
hours of 9 and 12, and I and 4. After
4 o'clock no tickets will be given out.
Those who have not yet returned
their "Messiah" books are required
to do so, and to lift their copies of
Eugene Onegin" before receiving
courtesy tickets.
Graduate Students' registration
material for second semester will be
available in the Rackham building
beginning Monday, Feb. 10. Grad-
uate students are requested to ob-
serve alphabetical registration in the
Gymnasium. Every student must ob-
tain the signature of his advisor on
his election card.
C. S. Yoakum, Dean
The Dictaphone Station will be in
the Council Room, 1009 Angell Hall,
until further notice. Insofar as
possible the $ work will be carried
on in the regular manner. How-
ever, there will not be telephone
service and it will be necessary for
all persons to call in person at the
office. Repairs to the office necessi-
tate this temporary change.
Petitioning for Ethel A. McCormick
Scholarships will take place begin-
ning January 24 through January 31.
Interviewing will be February 19 by
appointment. Petitions and lists of
instructions are available in the Un-
dergraduate Office of the League.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion has received notice of the follow-
ing United States Civil Service Ex-
(Continued on Page 7)

750 KC - CBs 920 KC - NBC Red 1030 KC - Mutual 1240 KC-NBC Blue
Sunday Evening
6:00 Silver Theatre Catholic Double or Across the
6:15 Silver Theatre Hour Nothing Footlights
6:30 Gene Autry News The Show News; New Friends
6:45 Gene Autry Herschell Hart of the week Of Music
7:00 G. Smith Jack Benny's Dr. M. R. DeHaan, The News
7:15 G. Smith Program -Religious From Europe
7:30 Screen Guild Fitch Talk Charles Dant
7:45 Screen Guild Bandwagon Week-End RevIew Orchestra
8:00 Helen Hayes Charlie CKLW Concert Message
8:15 Helen Hayes McCarthy Party of Israel
8:30 Crime Doctor One Man's We Are Not Alone Sherlock Holmes
8:45 Crime; News Family Evening Serenade -Basil Rathbone
9:00 Ford Hour The Manhattan Old Fashioned Walter Winchell
9:15 Ford Hour Merry-Go-Round Revival Parker Family
9:30 Ford Hour Album of Hour- Irene Rich
9:45 Ford Hour Familiar Music Services Bill Stern

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