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January 21, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-21

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications. .
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
;Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative 1

Member, Associated Collegiate
Editorial Staff

Press, 1940-41

Hervie Haufler.
Alvin Sarasohn .
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
?Ilton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldman
Laurence Mascott
Donald Wirtehafter
Egther Q4ser
Helen Corman

.E Managing Editor
* . . .Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
S . . . Associate Editor
Associate Editor
* . . . Associate Editor
. . . *. - Sports Editor
. . . . .Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor

Letters To The Editor
No, Mr. Dober sing that belief, namely, by influencing the public
opinion and his government through the use
To the Editor: of free speech and the ballot. He chose to defy,
A RECENT EDITORIAL in the Michigan Daily not just the will of the people as to the issue of
criticized Judge O'Brien of Detroit in sen- conscription, but rather the only ordered sys-
tencing Thaddeus Szymanski and went so far as tem under which he can ever hope for his ideal
to call Judge O'Brien "exceedingly unpatriotic" to prevail, the only order in which he is "free
and to speak of his argument as that of a Fascist. to dream". This is what Judge O'Brien meant
One could criticize the rash, irresponsible judge- when he spoke of the government that."protects
ment of the author in thus deliberately court- you to enjoy liberty."
ing the ill-will of the people of Michigan but I Sincerely,
would rather criticize the use of an argumenta- Bill Jacobs, '42L
tive device, not infreguently used by writers in
the Michigan Daily, namely, the deliberate mis-
construction of Judge O'Brien's words. A Differet Stance
Judge O'Brien says to Szymanski "you think To the Editor:
you are wiser, better, and have higher principles To '.?HOSE OF US who accept the draft as an
than the government that protects you to enjoy integral part of our.program of national de-
liberty". This is a plain statement of fact and Mr. fense, and to those of us who accept the principle
Szymanski would probably answer, "Of course, of vigorous support to Britain, there may still
that is exactly my position." come a feeling of apprehension from a pair of
seemingly unrelated articles which appeared in
yET THIS IS what Judge O'Brien said as re- The Daily during the ,past week. One was a
vised by the writer, "The state is the highest news story of the public castigation of Thaddeus
and an individual should subordinate his beliefs, Szmanski for his conscientious objections and
his actions, his thoughts, his entire body to the refusal to comply with the draft, the other was
government." a letter attacking John O'Hara for daring to
Judge O'Brien did not say anything like that advocate Christianity as a basis for our immedi-
nor had he occasion to do so. ate national policy. The President himself has
Our government, expressing the will of an remarked that we can not set our compass to
overwhelming majority of the people, the better any course which will wholly avoid peril. These
judgement of our military experts, and the wise articles illustrate to me the danger that in vig-
foresight of our leaders, has demanded, not that orously setting about the business of national
Mr. Szymanski go to war or submit his beliefs defense, we may well defeat our very objective.
and thoughts to the will of the government, but
that he submit himself to bodily discipline for OUR FIRST LINE of defense is the freedom
one year in preparation for the defense, not of and integrity of the individual conscience;
any government per se as though it were his God, no crisis of whatever magnitude can justify its
but of the homes and security of our people regimentation. If there is anything which gives
and of our Democratic way of life. life and substance to American doctrine, it is
this homely principle. And twenty-two years
THE ISSUE is not whether Mr. Szymanski shall after Versailles it should be equally clear that
die for a "state" but whether he will submit any ultimate solution to international chaos must
to the wishes of the majority. Mr. Szymanski have its basis in the morality which Mr. Szyman-
is an individual certainly, and his thoughts and ski and Mr. O'Hara give voice to. Theirs is the
and speech are admittedly free, but in his actions long view, that of the man who counselled
he is a social being, a member of society, and against taking up the sword. It is hard for many
that society has a right to control his actions of us in the stress of a particular crisis to give
through lawful processes for its own benefit. To immediate and practical application to his teach-
every student with whom I have discussed the ings of peace and love forour fellow man. To
subject Mr. Szymanski seemed to be advocating whatever understanding we may possess it-would
anarcly rather than freedom of conscience. He seem that if we do not resist fascism we may
excited pity and disgust, not admiration. well lose the right to teach these principles to
"Our government" as meant by Judge O'Brien our children. I recently noted with considerable
is not an impersonal "state". That is the very interest what appeared to be the concession of
difference between Democracy and Naziism. Our a Quaker, member of a sect which I profoundly
government is an ordered society wherein admire, that their doctrines can not be given
individual action is balanced with social needs. full application by rulers of nations facing im-
If I should be called upon to fight for that mediate external danger.
system I should do so freely and our government,;BUT IF THERE IS ANYTHING we learned at
which is no more than the people, has the right I . . .
to demand that of any person. - Versailles, it i that peace can not be predi-
cated upon hate. And while we make vigorous
THE WRITER SAYS that the government preparations for defense, we dare not forget what
seeks the good of all "but tragically enough, we seek to defend. Mr. Szymanski, by acting in
it can and has been mistaken in its efforts to do the light of his own conscience and focusing on
so." Even granting this to be true as to conscrip- our ultimate goal, is in the vanguard in the
tion (which we do not do), no society can exist struggle for a free world. I doubt that he minds
in which each of its individuals is free to judge the prison sentence. Well must he recognize that
each of its duly enacted laws and decide when the penalty he pays manifests only our poor
he shall obey. Mr. Szymanski's crime was not "his means of effectuating national policy. But he
belief that there is a better way than war to bring must feel defeated by our jeers; they alone can
about a bettr society", but rather that he has mean that defense is without purpose.
refused to accept the Democratic way of expres- -Jesse R. O'Malley.

Hot Under The Collar

Business Staff
Business +Manager .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause

The editorials publihed in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.
The Faith
Of Prof. Schuman .. .
ture Sunday night in the Rackham
Lecture Hall was a brilliant presentation (we
don't want to disappoint Professor Preuss in his
Prediction of "repercussions") of the reasons
why many liberal political scientists and econo-
mists believe that we must help England to win
this war. And although the speaker stated that
he was no interventionist for the simple reason
that it will- be the "boys in Berlin, Rome and
Tokio" who will declare war on us when they
feel the time is most propitious, one nevertheless
felt that the intelligent thing for us to do would
be to beat the dictators to the draw-declare war
before they do, while we still have an ally.
Professor Schuman delivered some well-nigh
perfect evidence that the dictators would de-
clare war on us and that there was nothing prac-
tical for us to do but fight, if we would not sub-
mit and become slaves. Up to this point Professor
Schuman's argument was quite like that of all
those who wish all-out aid to England even at
the risk of war. But he did not stop here-he
went far beyond, into the possibilities of a last-
ing peace. He brought forth his progran for
the only method of making a better world, one
in which there would be less suffering, less pov-
erty, no war-in short, he told us how we could
make this war signify the beginning of a good
world; he showed us how there could result from
this war the lasting peace, prosperity and hap-
piness of a well-regulated economy and world
The speaker said that we can have no real
and lasting peace until the "class conflict" is
resolved, until we, in our democratic way, re-
design our economic system so that the poor will
be a little less poor and the rich a little less
rich. He wishes a new order, for it is the fear
of the poor by the rich that is causing Fascism.
This conflict must be erased by giving the poor
more of what there is to be had-in brief, along
with the conduct of the war there must be a
new economic order.
AND WE AGREE with Professor Schuman
heartily. We agree all over the place with
him. That is the prinicipal reason why we, all
along, have opposed intervention in this war. We
have felt that any war now is a futile war as long
as there exist the fundamental abuses of our
society which brought about the war's basic con-
ditions. Professor Schuman's argument is much
superior to that of others who would have us
enter the war, because he realizes that the basic
economic reasons for the unhappy state of the
world must be taken care of even as we fight.
The fault, we feel, lies in Professor Schuman's
hope-not warranted yet by the state of thinking
either in this country or lin Europe.
The Speaker was sure that the change is com-
ing in Engand. He feels that it must come in
this country if we are to survive. But his faith
that the new order was winning in England
was based too much, we feel, merely on a high
personal regard for Winston Churchill. Church-
ill is, no doubt, a great and good man, but that
he wants to "resolve the class conflict," that he
intends (for want of a better word) to "social-
ize" England so that it will become the country
of everyone cannot yet be depended on. His
rcord and personality do not, in any degree,
assure that.

]ALCOLM W. BINGAY, of the Detroit Free
Press, is regarded by some native Detroiters
as the greatest columnist in the American news-
paper world. There are those who disagree,
On political topics, Malcolm W. Bingay, of
Detroit, Michigan, is a Republican, not in itself
a startling fact, for indeed so are the Advertising
Class of Detroit, Michigan.
On America's Youth, Malcolm W. Bingay, of
Detroit, Michigan, takes a firm stand, whenever
things get a little dull. Youth, Malcolm W. Bin-
gay feels, should be clearsighted, and not get dis
couraged. Youth shoudl become members of the
Republican, or if they are inclined to be vicious,
the Democratic parties, but Youth should beware
of Reds, for Malcolm W. Bingay, of Detroit, Mich-
igan, is against Reds. He calls them Reds.
On the future, Malcolm W. Bingay, still of
Detroit, Michigan, feels that people should not
get discouraged about the future because Henry
Ford started on a shoestring, and God is in
His Heaven, and Eddie Guest is in the adjoining
column, and Horatio Alger saw life with a hard,
gem-like clarity.
Malcolm W. Bingay feels that professors are
theorists. Malcolm W. Bingay feels that he
understands the theories of economics, because
though not himself a millionaire, he has a speak-
ing acquaintance with some of Detroit, Michi-
gan's finest and best, and the sum of Malcolm
W. Bingay's thought during long, feverish hours
beneath a solitary lamp during the dark of night
is-"Taxes are sure high."
Malcolm W. Bingay, of Detroit, Michigan, has
a name for gentlemanly scholarship among cer-
many Americans, who were in that audience
Sunday night, stuck with him after he
launched into economics, hurriedly drop-
ping off the bandwagon when he began to
talk about such embarrassing things as "mak-
ing the poor a little less poor." Not very many
. . not very many.
Professor Schuman's other basic condition for
a good post-war world was a world federation
based on war. Again we agree heartily. If we
could have the same assurance that he seems

tain of the citizenry of Detroit, Michigan, for in
his daily column he often makes classical allu-
sions, or references to Great Books, and then ex-
plains what he means. Malcolm W. Bingay no
doubt owns, item: (1) Plutarch's Lives, (2)
Bullfinch's Mythology, (3) Bartlett's Familiar
Malcolm W. Bingay, of Detroit, Michigan,
writes, when the Tigers are winning a pennant
or threatening to, a short, pungent column under
the name of "Iffy the Dopester" in which he says
things about baseball. During election time, "Iffy
the Dopester" also appears, and Malcolm W. Bin-
gay says things about elections, or about other
things he does not like or does not understand.
Malcolm W. Bingay is an Important Man.
O N THURSDAY, January 16, Malcolm W. Bin.-
gay, of Detroit, Michigan, wrote the following
lead to a column on the late James Joyce:
"I am asked to pass judgment on James
Joyce. I decline the assignment. I have not
the slightest idea what the author was talk-
ing about. And nobody else does, either.
Nor did he. It is not an assignment for a
literary critic at all but a job for a psychi-
atrist. James Joyce was nuts."
The bold face type is my own. In the rest of
the column, Malcolm W. Bingay takes the stand
of All Us Folks, of Detroit, Michigan, and gives
us to understand that once, when Malcolm W.
Bingay was in London, England, Malcolm W.
Bingay, of the Detroit Free Press, was told by
certain gentlemen of his acquaintance that he
was perfectly right not to like cubism, because a
cubist whose paintings Malcolm W. Bingay had.
seen and npt liked, had been insane and had
committed suicide, which, because that is the
last sentence of the column, leaves us only the
conclusion that Malcolm W. Bingay, of Detroit,
Michigan, must also be right about James Joyce.
Malcolm W. Bingay, of Detroit, Michigan, says
many things about James Joyce, things about
little boys writing dirty words on fences, and
other profound, analytical things. In one para-
graph he says: "There is nothing new in this
trick of lnumbo-jumbo. It is as old as the

VERY YEAR in Ann Arbor sees a
multitude of excellent exhibi-
tions. Yet now in the Rackham Build-
ing, is an unusual and truly remark-
able display: a series of photographs
of Persian Architecture by Myron
Bement Smith. These are no ordinary,
matter-of-fact pictures, but out-
standing expressions of this med-
ium quite apart from the represen-
tation. From picture to picture one
is delighted and startled by the fine
balance of light and shadow, com-
position and clarity of detail, and by
the astounding variety of camera an-
gles. For a true artistic rendering of
Persian architecture as it actually
was, these photographs are unsur -
pa sed. Mr. Smith had no need of
moonlight, surses, picturesque beg-
gars, or Orieuital beauties to make hbis
pictures appeal to us.
AS THE LIFE of the Persians cen-
Atered in their house of worship,
where they passed many hours each
day, the exhibition consists mainly
of these buildings and their decora-
tion. In some monuments the bricks
are merely the foundation for a skin
of faience mosaic or ornately carved
stucco. The exhibition contains some
close ups of decorations, the finest
examples of a theatrical and poetical
arrangement. Even the surface of
the plastically conceived design are
undecorated in some form; curves,
arabesques, interweaving patters,
all combine to give an intricate, lacy,
carpet-like effect, which is all the
mor~e unbelievable when one reahzcs
the medium is pain ed stucco and
glazed tiles.
realize that life in the East and
West is, after all, not so different.
In Iran (Persia) they had their col-
leges, their parks and playgrounds,
often much better planned and laid
out than in our present cities. They
liked to chat and while away the
time. A bridge in Isfahan portrays
this aspect of their life. It consists
of an inner lane for cavaliers and
carriages, that is to say the fast-
moving traffic, while the outer lanes
were reserved for footpassengers.
These outer lanes were broken every
so often by open pavilions with wall
decoration. Here people could gather
to gossip and argue, or just to sit in
the sun. The lower part of the bridge
forms a massive dam, again a para-
llel to the modern concept, how the
functional form creates beauty. A
view of the Royal Square at Isfahan
brings to mind that PoI~O is by no
means a recently conceived sport
for in front of the mosque can be
seen a Polo field, datingsome thre
hundred years back, with some O
the original goal posts still standing
From an architectural standpoint
1 the close up views of the domes anc
their supports are extremely reveal-
ing and show just how far advaneed
the Persians, were in the field o
-- Jeanne MacDonald

VOL. LI. No. 83
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Group Hospitalization and Group
Surgical Service: Enrollments for
both services will be received by the
Business Office through January 25,
1941. We are advised that no further
enrollments will be accepted under
either plan until October, 1941. En-
rollments for group hospitalization
received not later than January 25
will become effective February 5 and
those for group surgical service will
be effective on the same date pro-
vided a sufficient number enrolls to
make the plan worthwhile. There
will be a general meeting in the Nat-
ural Science Auditorium Thursday,
January 23, at 4:15 p.m. for the pur-
pose of answering questions and fur-
ther explanation of the surgical plan.
First Mortgage Loans: The Univer-
sity has a limited amount of funds to
loan on modern, well-located, Ann
Arbor residential property. Inter-
est at current rates. F.H.A. terms
available. Apply Investment Office,,
Room 100, South Wing, University


tend. All others interested are, wel-
Notice to Men Students: For the
information of men students living
in approved rooming houses, the first
semester shall end on Thursday,
February 13, and the second semester
shall begin on the same day.
Students living in approved room-
ing houses, who intend to move to
different quarters for the second sem-
ester, must give notice in writing to
the Dean of Students before 4:30 on
Thursday, January 23, 1941. Forms
for this purpose may be secured .at
Room 2, University Hall. Students
should also notify their household-
ers verbally before this date. Per-
mission to move will be given only
to students complying with this re-
To Men Students Living In Room-
ing Houses: The full amount of room
rent for the first semester is due
and payable on or before Thursday,
January 23. In case a student's room
rent is not paid by this date, his
academic credits will be withheld
upe- request of the householder to
do -co.
Teacher's Certificate Candidates
for February, 1941 are requested Fto
call at the office of the School of

- -- Education, 1437 U.E.S. on January
Public Heath Assembly: Miss Bet- 23 or 24 between the hours of 1:30
ty C. Wright, Executive Secretary of and 4:30 p.m. to take the Teacher
the American Society for the Hard of Oath which is a requirement for the
Hearing, will address the Public certificate.
Health Assembly today at 4:00 p.m. -__
in the Auditorium of the W. K. Kel- Notice to Students Planning to do
logg Institute. She will speak on the Directed Teaching:. Students expect-
"Interests and Activities of the ing to do directed teaching the sec-
American Society for the Hard of ond semester are requested to secure
Hearing." All professional students assignments in room 2442, Univer-
in public health are expected to at- (Continued on Page 6)

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6:00 News Music; Oddities Rollin' Bud Shaver
6:15 Musical Newscast; Tunes Home Rhumba Band
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1 0:3 0 6 e c n d l iu sb anl d Uw arl w e13B 13 <1e hio M e
14,: Ifl M 1t1,Arloat-l N ewsr,,eI Edward Weeks

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