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January 08, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-01-08

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Weather
Cloudy; occasional light snow.
Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication
VOL. LI. No. 72 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1941 2-23

Editorial
Political Parties
Face A Test
;PRICE FIVE CENTS

British Legion
Seizes Italian
Airport Base
Near Tobruk'
Troops Drive Past Fallen
Bardia To Pound Gates
Of Major Fascist Port;
Greeks Shell Valona
Graziani Checked
By Enemy Thrust
(By The Associated Press)
Britain's army drove to a point
almost 70 miles across the sands of
Libya beyond fallen Bardia last night
to occupy the Italian military air-
port serving Tobruk. With this main
Fascist Libyan base in British hands,
signs multiplied that Italian Marshal
Rodolfo Graziani's forces have no
immediate intention of risking a
wide-open destert battle to check the
British advance on Tobruk.
Ringed by 25 miles of fortifica-
tions, Tobruk is one of Italy's major
bases in North Africa.
Greeks Match Thrust
Matching this bold thrust, Bri-
-tain's little ally, Greece, reported a
squadron of Greek destroyers sailed
on a daring raid into the Gulf of
Valona, Albania, shelled the Italian-
held port without interference from,
Fascist warships or aircraft, and
sailed leisurely home.
A Greek government spokesman
simultaneously reported that the
Italians have moved 35,000 sick and,
wounded soldiers from Valona alone.
Fascist casualties for the war, he,
said, run into "tens of thousands."
In the air seige of Britain, speedys
German fighter-bombers subjected
London to a three-hour raid, the,
longest and most devastating day-
time attack on the capital in weeks,
and killed and wounded a number
of people.
Other casualties were caused in a
heavy German attack on a Midlands
town and the Nazis also raided East
Anglia and the southeast coast. The
Germans have returned to daytime
raids after being balked recently by
snow and bad weather.
RAF Takes Airport
An RAF communique announced1
that British troops in the North Af-
rican campaign captured El Adem,
the military airport of Tobruk, and
fast British motorized units were re-1
ported virtually at Tobruk's gates,]
darting at the base's outer defenses
to test its strength. Approximately
50,000 Italian soldiers comprise ther
Tobruk garrison.1
British official quarters, recapitu-
lating the 28-day-old British coun-)
ter-offensive, said 94,000 ItalianJ
troops have been knocked out of the
campaign so far-killed, wounded,
captured or missing-including 70,-
000 prisoners.
Price To Talk
~ 1Nazi World
Revolt Today

Student Senate Parley
To Discuss Conscription
The much discussed and pervasive subject of conscription will be the
theme of the opening session of the Student Senate's annual winter parley
Friday afternoon.
Speakers on that symposium will be Prof.-Emeritus Edwin M. Goddard,
member of the local draft board, Col. Henry W. Miller, military authority
and chairman of the mechanism and engineering drawing department,
Lieut. Commander Wells L. Field of

Roosevelt Bestows

New

Powers

On Revised Defense Commission;
Ask Scriics or Poduction

the naval ROTC.
Official approval of the parley
was voiced by President Ruthven yes-
terday when he stated:
"The ability to assemble data, veri-
fy reports, compare theories, chal-
lenge unsupported opinion, re-state
the findings of others, and then give
objectively one's own conclusions,
should be learned by all University
students."
Wide General Interest
Discussing the importance of the
draft topic he said,
"Perhaps the wide general inter-
est in this conscription may hasten
the use of such methods among
those of student age. In the adop-
tion of conscription as a method of
building a defense force quickly, our
federal government has raised many
important questions.
"Consideration of these by a study
of the law itself, the methods of ad-
ministration being developed, the re-
sponse on the part of our citizens,
and the effect of these new methods
on our democratic way of life, is a
proper function of any faculty-stu-
fent discussion.
Face Central Issues
"If the leaders of the Winter Par-
ley are able to focus attention upon
central issues and give a student
both the opportunity to ask ques-
tions of the appointed officers for
conscription and freedom honestly to
state his case in the presence of his
fellow students they may relieve ten-
sions, dismiss minor fears, and help
us to guarantee good will within our
campus community."
Friday night's panels will be de-
voted to the present international
situation. Divergent points of view
Hopkins Heads
ICampus Draft
Service Board
Draft information is now available
to all students and members of the
faculty.
In an attempt to aid the draftee in
filling out his questionnaire and in
helping him in his relations with
local draft boards, the University has
set up a special selective service or-
ganization here under the direction
of Dr. Louis A. Hopkins, director of
the Summer Session.
All members of the faculty who
have any questions to ask concern-
ing conscription are urged to make
appointments to discuss their prob-
lems with Dr. Hopkins. Students
will be aided by Prof. Charles M.
David of the geography department,
an officer in the United States Army
Reserve,
As a further aid to those who have
been drafted, Bertha Beck, a mem-
ber of Dr. Hopkins' office staff, has
been made a notary and will notar-
ize the questionnaires of both facul-
ty men and students without charge.
The assistance of Dr. Hopkins and
Professor Davis is expected to be
valuable because of the knowledge
these men have with the draft law
and its provisions and their contact
with those who are trying to change
some of its provisions.

on American foreign policy will be
expressed at one symposium when
Rev., H. L. Pickerel, Prof. Howard
Ehrmann, Prof. Wmi. Hobbs, William
Clark, '41, and Prof. Roy W. Sellars
will give talks.
Other panels will Deal with the
probable outcome of the war and the
nature of international relations af-
ter the war.
Saturday afternoon three verticals
symposiums will be held on the gen-
eral subject "License-Freedom-
Suppression." Another panel will
take up the problem of student gov-
ernment and extracurricular activ-
ities.
At the concluding session on Sun-
day afternoon the Dr. Edward N.
Blakeman will summarize the con-
tents of the parley and a general
discussion will follow.
Church Group
Holds Annual
Meeting Here
Conference Of Michigan
Pastors Will Discuss
Problems Of Religion
Forums and lectures on the general
theme "Our Christian Faith and
Democracy" will highlight the sec-
ond annual Michigan Pastors' Con-
ference to be held here January
20, 21 and 22 under the auspices of
the Michigan Council of Churches
and Christian Education and the Un-
iversity Extension Service.
Dr. Oswald W. S. 2M'icCall, of the
New First Congregational Church of
Chicago, and Prof. Edwin E. Aubrey,
professor of theology and ethics of
the University of Chicago, will de-
liver a series of lectures on the re-
lation of the church to democracy.
Forum panels entiaied "Pastoral
Counseling," "The Church and Its
Community," and "Church and
State" will each be divided into four
topical divisions and will meet sep-
arately from the' general lecture ses-
sions.
Special denominational meetings
will be held for 11 groups, and var-
ious examples of theological and po-
litical literature will be placed on ex-
hibit during the conference.
Other speakers will be Dr. Walter
W. Van Kirk, director of the Depart-
ment of International Justice and
Good Will of the Federal Council of
Churches, Bernard J. Mulder, presi-
dent of The Michigan Council of
Churches, and Dr. J. M. M. Gray,
former president of the American
University of Washington, D. C.
Ford Shuns UAW
DETROIT, Jan. 7. -(El')- Ford
Motor Company officials flatly re-
fused\ today to meet with a commit-
tee of the United Automobile Work-
ers (CIO) to discuss alleged lay-offs
at the Ford Rouge plant. "We will
have nothing to do with the union
because there is nothing to discuss,"
said I. A. Capizzi, Ford general coun-
sel.

English Advance On Tobruk In North African Desert Clash
OTHE ' '050
GA OFgL/7O- -T/Std
S- M IL ES
DERNA'
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MED/ TER RANEAN SEA
AIRPORT SEIZED
TOBRUK
"BARDIA
FREE FPENCH A/D * - SIDI
BY CUTT/NGROAD BARRAN f
I B Y \AS11I+ DEC. 16 '940
OMAR /9401
Advanced forces of the British Army were declared officially today to have thrust almost 70 miles west of
fallen Bardia to occupy the military airport serving Tobruk, the main Italian base in Libya. This map shows
the progress of the westward advance from Sidi Barrani. In the drive on Tobruk, the British were aided by
a "free French" force of "Spahis" who cut the road. Derna is the last big port in the sector.

Kirke L. Simpson Interprets The News:

British Comment Reveals Confidence
That Turning Point Of War Is Past

Group Can Force Priority
By Taking Over Plants
That Do Not Cooperate
'Production Office'
FormallyFounded
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7--(P)-To
hasten the production of war mater-
ials for both the United States and
Great Britain, President Roosevelt
today formally established the new
four-man "office of production man-
agement" with broad authority, in-
cluding the power to take over any
industrial plants considered non-co-
operative.
As working heads of the new
agency, he appointed William S.
Knudsen, former president of Gen-
eral Motors, and Sidney Hillman,
CIO vice president. Both were mem-
bers of the old Advisory Defense
Commission. Knudsen will be direc-
tor general and Hillman associate
director general and they will act,
Mr. Roosevelt said, as a team or
partnership in wielding the tremen-
dous powers at their disposal. Secre-
taries Stimson and Knox of the War
and Navy Departments, respectively,
are members ex-officio.
Roosevelt Queried
After Mr. Roosevelt had explained
his orders at his regular Tuesday
Press Conference a reporter asked:
"Mr. President, why is it that you
do not want to appoint a single re-
sponsible head for the defense pro-
gram?"
The president, in obviously good
spirits, laughingly answered that he
had appointed a single head. The
name of the new official, he said, was
Knudsen Hillman. The two were in
absolute agreement, he added, as to
what was to be done. He emphasized
that neither had been given more
authority than the other, and re-
ferred to them again and again as
a partnership.
Problem Urgent
The four members of the agency
issued a joint statement which Mr.
Roosevelt said was of great import-
ance. In it they stressed the urgency
of the defense problem, assured la-
bor that it would not be called upon
for sacrifices not 'demanded of cap-
ital as well, and requested the co-
operation of all.
"To achieve the results which the
country expects from the office of
production management," the state-
ment said, "we expect and must have
the kind of cooperation from every-
body that counts no sacrifice too
great to make if it will contribute to
a more successful and efficient de-
fense."
Relief Drive
For Refugees
Beins Today

Nazi
Of
To

Plans, consequences
Final Hitler Victory
Highlight Discussion

(By The Associated Press)
Britain's official comment on Presi-
dent Roosevelt's "Help-Our-Friends"
speech strikes a ringing note of con-
fidence that the critical corner of the
war has already been turned.
"Fresh encouragement" has come
from the United States, the London
statement said, "at a time when
there is good cause to believe that the
tide of war is turning."
Behind this lies the conclusion of
British war leadership that Italy has
already been knocked out of the war
in effect; and that disaster awaits
Germany if she strikes to retrieve
the situation, either against England
or in the Balkans.
In contrast with that' British at-
titude, an Italian cabinet utterance
"solmenly reaffirming" Fascist fidel-
ity to the Berlin-Rome Axis and the
will to fight to a finish is possibly
significant. It was timed to offset
Rome's admission of the fall of Bar-
dia, yet it was clearly aimed at de-
Spanish Group
Will Sponsor
Travel Lecture
"Mexico, Land of the Future and
Romance" is the title of a lecture
to be presented by Mr. Robert Grif-
fin, under the auspices of La So-
ciedad Hispanica, at 8:15 p.m. tomor-
row in the Natural Science Audi-
torium.
Mr. Griffin will take his audience
on an imaginary journey through
Mexico. The lecture will be illus-
trated with natural color motion pic-
tures which depict the beauty and
picturesque features of our interest-
ing neighbor to the south.
One of the outstanding stops on
the pictorial tour will be the presen-
tation of a complete bull fight.
A lecturer of long experience, Mr.
Griffin is well qualified to speak on
the various phases of Mexican life
which he intends to discuss. His lec-
tures have already enjoyed success in
other parts of the state.
Thursday's lecture will be the sec-
ond in the 1940-41 series of six to
be sponsored by La Sociedad His-
panica. The public is invited.
Dr. Southerland, Alumnus,
T:; , T, ""iad.N -111 t;11

featism in Italy of unknown strength.
The Rome version of the Fascistr
disaster at Bardia hardly squares
with known facts as reported by neu-
tral eye witnesses on the spot. These
eye witnesses concur in British re-
ports that the Italians surrendered
on a scale that embarrassed the vic-
tors.
War apathy among Italian con-
scripts in Africa, Cgreece, and Albania+
has been as important a factor in re-
shaping British plans toward a 19411
decision in the war as the -military
successes achieved. It was the fac-
tor that spurred Prime Minister
Churchill to Broadcast an appeal to
the Italian people to throw off the
Nazi-Fascist yoke and oust Mussolini.
Nor can the surrender of 30,000
Italian troops assigned to a "suicide
Midland Publisher
Talks Here Today
Methods of publishing a commun-
ity newspaper will be discussed by
Philip Rich, publisher of the Mid-
land Daily News, in the third of a
series of talks sponsored by the De-
partment of Journalism, 3 p.m., to-
day, in the News Room, Haven Hall.
Rich, whose topic is "The Manu-
facture of a Community Newspaper,"
will also show colored movies illus-
trating processes in preparing and
publishing a newspaper.
All interested are invited to attend
the meeting. A coffee hour will fol-
low the lecture and question period.

stand" at Bardia be accounted for in
any other way. From all indications'
there were relatively few casualties
in either the Italian or British ranks
before the surrender took place.
That was the same lesson of low
Italian army morale learned by the
British at Sidi Barrani and by the
Greeks in Albania. There are signs
that British leadership in West Afri-
ca anticipates a similar experience at
Tobruk, far west of Bardia and al-
ready under British gunfire.
Art Cinema League
To Show Famous
French Film Here
The Art Cinema League announced
yesterday that it has finally been
able to book the famous French
film "The Baker's Wife" for a three.
day run at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre Thursday, Friday and Sat-
urday, Jan. 16 to 18.
The film, which has been supplied
with English sub-titles by John Ers-
kine, noted writer, was awarded the
critics" acclaim last week as the best
foreign film of the year. Albert
Stutz, Grad., manager of the league,
revealed that the picture is being
brought here on popular demand.
All seats for the performances will
be reserved and may be had for 35
cents Wednesday, January 15, at the
Mendelssohn box-office.

"The Nazi Revolution And Ameri-
ca" will be the subject of a talk to
be given by professor Hereward T.
Price of the English department at
a meeting of the American Student
Defense League at 7:30 p.m. today
in the Michigan League.
Prof. Price terms his speech as
scientific rather than political, for
he will make a scientific analysis of
the plans of Nazi Germany as they
are forecast in the books and state-
ments of the Germans themselves.
He will also discuss the possibility
of a decisive Hitler victory and will
consider what the condition of the
world would be under such circum-
stances. The methods which the Ger-
mans have used in the past and pro-
bably will continue to use will also
be scrutinized by Prof. Price. The
methods he will be largely concerned
with are those usually attributed to
the fifth column.
Following the lecture the American
Student Defense League will hold a
short meeting in which a credo for
the lcalc hnnter will h discussed

Pianist Returns From Abroad:
Horowitz To Open Post-Holday
Choral Series Next Wednesday

Vladimir Horowitz, distinguished
Russian pianist, will inaugurate the
University Musical Society's post-'
holiday season at 8:30 p.m. next Wed-
nesday in Hill Auditorium when he
presents the seventh Choral Union
recital.
Absent from this country since
1935, Horowitz returned this month
from a brilliant season abroad. He
has made plans to tour the United
States, and already all of the seats
for his recitals have been reported
sold. He first appeared in America in
1928 when he made his debut with
the New York Philharmonic Orches-
tra and was acclaimed "the most suc-
cessful concert artist to appear be-
fore the American public in the de-
cade since the debuts of Heifetz and

l±y . .

i
,
4
!!
f

Ann Arbor Entertains Royalty:
Archdukes Otto And Rudolph
Cominig For Three Day Visit

Money Raised Will Enable
Students To Complete
Education In America
Refugee students on campus and
those awaiting a chance to enter an
American university to complete their
education will be the beneficiaries of
a local relief drive which will begin
today.
This refugee relief campaign will
last until Jan. l during which peri-
od an attempt will be made to raise
enough money to pay the tuition and
incidental expenses of the five re-
fugees now studying on campus as
well as -giving the same opportunity
to some of the deserving students
now interned in Canadian refugee
camps.
Prof. Jacob Sacks of the'pharma-
cology department, chairman of the
drive, issued the following statement
on behalf of the Ann Arbor Jewish
Committee:
"The money contributed in the
past has been usefully spent in sal-
vaging the lives of young people
who have been rescued from the
Nazi terror. We are now asking for
money to enable us to continue with
this valuable work of helping refu-
gee students to complete their edu-

In his first trip to the Middle West,
Archduke Otto, heir of the house of3
Hapsburg, will visit the Michigan
campus today with his brother, Arch-
duke Rudolf, and his aide, Count
Degenfeld, for a three-day sojourn.
During this time, the visitors will be
guests at dinners and various func-
tions given by campus organizations.
While in Ann Arbor, the Arch-
duke will be the guest of Former Re-
gent Junius E. Beal and Mrs. Beal;
his brother and Count Degenfeld will
be guests of Prof. H. J. Heneman

hold a tea for the distinguished
guests. Student officers of the Mich-
igan Union will be hosts at dinner for
the party.
At 8 p.m. Archduke Otto will speak
at the Union's Student Forum on the
topic "The Fall of Belgium land
France." Friday afternoon at 4:15
p.m. in the Rackham Building the
Archduke will deliver a University
lecture sponsored by the political
science department on "Central Eur-
ope in the War."
Mr. and Mrs. Heneman will give
a dinner for the royal visitors at

and Mrs. Heneman.
This evening the party

--.------

will be

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