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September 24, 1940 - Image 4

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PAGE FOUR-SECTION ONETHE MICHIGAN DAILY

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1940

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Assolated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan,asM
second class mail matter,
Subcriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL ADVERTISING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADiSoN AVE. I NEW YORK. N.Y.
CHICAGO * sOSTON e Los ANGELES . SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Cotlegiate Press, 193940
Editorial Staff
Hervie Haufler . . . . Managing Editor
Alvin Sarasohn . . . . Editorial Director
Paul M. Chandler . . . . . City Editor
Karl Kessler . . . Associate Editor
Milton Orshefsky . Associate Editor
Howard A. Goldman . . . Associate Editor
Donald Wirtchafter . . . . Sports Editor
Esther Osser , . . . . Women's Editor
Helen Corman . . . . . Exchange Editor
Business Staff

FIRE and WATER
By MASCOTT
THENAME of this column is still "Fire and in the sea." Keep repeating that phrase con-
Water." That was its name last year and stantly, and your four years of complete celibacy
will continue to be its name for a moderate will pass quickly and easily.
length of time this year. Fourth, buy a year's subscription to the Mich-
We still don't like the name, and our boss, igan Daily. The business staff will love us for
the Kaintuck colonel, still wrinkles his blue that plug. Besides we hope to get paid. Why?-
grass nose at the very mention of it. we don't know.
WE MANAGED to get around quite a bit this NATIONAL as well as local attention seems
sum'mer, and we asked everyone for sug- to be focused on the approaching election.
gestions for the name of this column. Neither It even seems to be gaining on sex and Brittan-
the slovenly, wizened bartender in Tia Juana, ia's stand as leading topics of conversation.
who drank more of his tequila than he served Concerning sex and England, we have nothing
to his customers, nor the wiry farmer in Tobias, to say at present or in public. Of the election,
Maine, who offered us some of his "spud" liquor, however, we unequivocally shout: "We are for
could suggest anything better than "fifth col- William Jennings Bryan." McKinley is a good
amn." And that definitely will not do. Someone man; he has mentioned something about a good
in Hollywood offered "Of Slime and the Liver," five-cent Cuba, but we don't think he'll last
but that was typically Hollywood and just isn't long. Bryan is for free silver and we're in favor
conservative enough for the respectable Mich- of almost anything that's free.
igan Daily. * * *
The final result of all our searching, endless PROBABLY we'll vote for the Prohibitionist
seeking is that the title of this column is still candidate, whoever he may be. We don't
"Fire and Water." That's both obvious and support prohibition but we are perfectly aware
redundant. that our family hasn't made any money since
* * * repeal.
* * *
HOWEVER, we are running a contest for a *
new name. No rules, no styling, not even a -,ORE SERIOUSLY, it certainly seems as if
reasqnable facsimile is demanded. Just suggest the Willkie campaign has fallen as flat as an
a good name. The contest is, moreover, restricted anemic pancake. Perhaps we're prejudiced but
to 'facultymen's wives and the winner is to be it seems to us that with the exception of
rewarded with a date with us. No entries are stauchly-Republican Washtenaw County, Ver-
expected. mont and Maine, F. D. R. looks as good as elect-
* * ed. And for the third time.
UPPERCLASSMEN will find Ann Arbor, after If the elections had been held the very day
ts dry 1940 summer, just about the same. after Willkie was nominated, it's not only possi-
Angell Hall is still in business at the same old ble but probable that he would have been elected.
stand, and a certain coke joint is also operating Since that time, Willkie has shown an amazing
as usual even though it has a new front. If ability to say and do the wrong thing. First,
they install new lighting, a goodly percentage he has too completely divorced himself from
of the students enrolled here will suddenly and the Old Guard party leadership. We believe
for the first time here be confronted with the Willkie has been sincere in his desire to "go to
horrible problem of how to live in light. De- the people" but complete though tactfully secret
troit Edison's dividends never originated in support of the party politicians is still extremely
that place. Instead of light, one enjoyed' at- helpful to any candidate for any office. Second-
mosphere. ly, Willkie's claim that Roosevelt was responsible
* * * for the "selling out" of Czechoslovakia was false
NOW WE MUST OFFER ADVICE to the fresh- and misleading. As a result of such charges,
men. First, make all the acquaintances the Republican campaign can easily develop into
(note we didn't say friends) that you possibly a situation in which Willkie makes the charges
can. Find out their home addresses and write and the rest of the Republican party later makes
them down in a little notebook. But never tell the apologies.
them your own. Just say you live north of Sag- As yet, we're not going to take a stand on this
inaw or west of Chicago or somewhere on Long election. As we've said before, we're for Bryan.
Island. Then when you have all their addresses, We don't know who will make the best president.
you can spend the whole summer traveling We do know that Willkie needs a good ghost-
from one to the other, muscleing in on free food writer and a more clever press agent.
and bed. How do you think we got around this * * *
summer? FRANKLY, the horrible demise of the Boston
Secondly, attend all the mixers and free so- Red Sox, our sprmg favorites, has com-
cials. The cigarettes are usually free and if you pletely disillusioned us. No longer do we root
wear three coats as we once did you can be publicly for anyone or anything. Maybe Yawkey
smoking free for four years. will buy or steal some pitchers for next year.
Thirdly, don't let the first refusal for a date Maybe the prohibitionist candidate (whoever
get you down. Just console yourself with Aris- he is) will be elected. We don't know. We're
totle's classic phrase: "There are plenty of fish not placing any bets. We've learned our lesson.
Polky In A News-Filled World'

i

Business Manager
Assistant Business Manager .
Women's Business Manager .
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
. Jane Krause

A News Digest Of The Most Important
World Happenings Of The Past Week

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
only.
NIGHT EDITOR: HERVIE HAUFLER
AI e-

Greetings
To '44 .. .

E LSEWHERE in these pages there
are about half a dozen references to
a book entitled "Howto Make Good in College."
Once in a while some publishing company sends
a book for members of The Daily staff to look
over, and this one dropped in quite unexpectedly
-and quite opportunely, for we were in the
process of putting out a whole issue of advice
and information for you Freshmen.
Although it is a pretty rich collection of hints
and how-to-do-its, we ,don't recommend that
you rush right out and purchase a copy-you're
probably drifting in a hopeless sea of advice
and good intentions as it is. But if there's any
bit of advice that we would like to see you glean
from that book, from the warnings of your,
relatives or from us who are on the way out,
it is this: Live* richly while you are here in Ann
Arbor.
IOPPORTUNITIES for living any sort of full,
well-balanced life have been swallowed up
in other countries by the overleaning demands
of war. It is difficult to preserve any personal
balance when your nation's every fiber is bent
toward successful prosecution of a war. That
is why we of The Daily have opposed the ever-
growing martial sentiment in America. That
is why we are urging you now to live richly,
to develop yourselves while you may.
We in America are still going to our schools
and colleges, while the rest of the world has
declared time out. Englishmen, Germans, Ital-
ians are being forced to suspend what had come
to be regarded as youth's natural elevating
processes-learning, becoming skilled, preparing
for a normal life later on. These things are still
reserved for youth in America, and Freshmen,
you would be foolish if you did not take advan-
tage of them.
W, 'HAT DO WE MEAN by living richly? We
mean, for one thing, that you should avoid
concentrating on any one interest to the exclu-
sion of others. Do not let grades and studies on
one side, or high living on the other, receive all
the emphasis while you are here. Aside from
the old patterns of behavior and the cut-and-
dried routines of college life, there are as many
varied things to engage your attention while in
Ann Arbor as though the town had been built
with your interests alone in view. Try canoeing
on the Huron, tandem-bike riding; try partici-
pating in a Union Opera or a Foreign Relations
Club. There are a flock of good lecturers coming
to Ann Arbor throughout the year, and you'll
probably want to attend several of the concerts.
Many will want to go out for athletics or for
publications work their second semester. All of
these activities are part of the rich experience
that is college. They all help, along with your
academic work.
LIE RICHLY, for there is a need in the world
today for youth armed with the vision that
comes with proper preparation for a full life.
There is a need for a people that has not lost
sight of progress, that is still stable. You've
come to college. Make the most of it while you
can.
- Hervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul Chandler

In London
Hardened but weary after two
weeks of almost incessant bombard-
ment from the air, Londoners con-
tinued their routine of clearing de-
bris, dodging underground and duck-1
ing out again. British censors tried
to belittle the extent of the damage,
but by week's end scattered reports
and pictures indicated that Hitler's
Luftwaffe was having pretty much of
a spree.
Claiming that "the injury to our
(British) war-making capacity has
been surprisingly small," Prime Min-
ister Churchill admitted that casual-
ties among civilians for the first half
of the month totaled 2,000, with 8,000
more injured by Herr Goering's mis-
siles.
While bomb squads and firefighters
rushed frantically about London's
hardhit dock area and west end, ex-
perts puzzled, drew hasty conclusions,
disagreed and puzzled again. Favorite
theories were:
1) That Goering's hard-hitting air
arm wasntrying to throw populous
London into panic, hoping to jam
roads with wild-eyed refugees: a
household - goods - littered stream,
which, as in the drive on Paris, would
seriously impede troop movements
when Nazi landing forces storm the
tight little island. Repeated airraids
o nthickly populated tenement dis-
tricts of London attested to the plaus-
ability of this guess.
2) That Hitler was pestering Lon-
don in order that the Axis might
have a free hand in the Mediterran-
ean and the Near East, where Italy
has been concentrating her efforts.
Londoners, when released from the
crowded confines of airraid dugouts,
clamoured for reprisals. In retalia-
tion, RAF high-flying bomb flights
shuttled over the Channel and took
pot shots at the German capital. No
fools, the British Air Ministry refus-
ed to play into Hitler's hand, concen-
trated most RAF expeditions on sink-
ing invasionally usefull Channel
ships, blowing up troop and munition
concentrations at focal Channel
points.
In Mediterranean
. Germany's one-man diplomatic
show, Joachin von Ribbentrop, step-
ped into the focal point of the Med-
iterranean question mark in a move
which threatens again to shift the
theatre of war nearer Italy's front
door.
First hint of allegiance juggling
came when Adolph's number one dip-
lomat last week interrupted a Ber-
lin conference with the Spanish en-
voy for an armor-train journey to
Il Duce's lair. Speculations flared
rampant in "usually reliable sources."
Conjectures included:
1) That Italy and Germany were
putting the pressure on war-weary
Franco, hoping for a combined at-
tack on British Gibraltar.
2) That further German reinforce-
ments would be sent to Egypt in a
concerted effort to sweep Britain out
of Suez.
3) That the Axis forces would act
to pound Anglo-friendly Greece un-
der the Italian heel.
4) That Italy and Germany might
swing out of Syria to strike a bid
for the rich oil fields of Iraq.
In whatever direction the Axis
decides to turn, this much is certain:
resistance in Britain has been stub-
born. Droves of swastika bombers
have hammered destruction on Eng-
land, but in the face of RAP count-
er attacks on Channel bases and the
rising winter furore of England's
moat, Hitler will undoubtly have to
postpone invasion for the time be-
ing.
Meanwhile, the Mediterranean
theatre offers a lucrative double-edge
sword: at Suez or Gibraltar, the Axis
can cut British life lines, glean a
source of raw materials for itself.
In Eygpt, Italian troops under the

leadership of Il Dupe's ace desert
fighter, Marshal Rodolfo Graziani,
outnumber defending British troops
2 to 1. No wise discouraged, British-
ers and Eygptians alike point to the
sandy desert death trap that has been
the Near-East's most formidable bul-
wark for centuries. Graziani's Roman
legions are advancing steadily to-
ward Suez, but are paying dearly to
Anglo-native guerrilla warfare.
In Indo-China
Considered easy meat for the No.
2 Axis-jackal, Japan, since the cap-
itulation of France, French Indo-
China last month played host to un-
welcome units of Jep sea power, hast-
ily agreed to close supply routes to
Chiang Kai-Shek.
With full Vichy sanction, Japan
last week again presed demands for
air, naval and army bases on
Indo-Chinese territory. Unexpectedly,
French colonial officials balked, then
refused. Most apparent reason: en-
couragement, possibly even promise
of aid from the new Anglo-Ameri-
can "Alliance" had been received.
Hoping that Anglo-American pro-
tests were but verbal diplomatic for-
malities, Japan Sunday threw a bay-

ate Japan. Hints of an American base
at Singapore have already out-reach-
ed the speculative stage.
Defense
Swinging from the foreign news
picture to the big national events
that took up the headlines in our
papers, greatest news of the week
was the matte' of national defense.
And most people were discussing the
government's plans for the first peace
time conscription of the nation's man-
power in its history. Despite the
fight put up in Congress by veteran
isolationists and others the bill pas-
sed rather easily, although a confer-
ence committee composed of repre-
sentatives from the Senate and
House took some time in ironing out
differences in the bills passed in the
two legislative branches.
The President quickly signed the
finally completed bill, and thus the
government found itself saddled with
the stupendous job of registration
and classification of the 16,500,000
men who are eligible for call. If you
are anywhere from 21 to 35 years of
age, you must register for the draft.
Turning from the draft for a mo-
ment to a more rapid method of mob-
ilization for training. Americans said
goodbye last week to their friends
and relatives who are members of
the National Guard. For the Nation-
al Guard has been ordered out by the
President to sharpen up their abili-
ties in the interest of national de-
fense. In 26 states 60,500 Guardsmen
went to camps throughout the coun-
try. Another 35,700 next month and
37,000 in November will join them
for a year's training as part of the
gigantic defense program. Besides
this, the regular army has been en-
listing about 8,000 volunteers every
week, thus coming close to its auth-
orized peacetime strength of 375,000
soldiers.
For the conscription registration,
War Department clerks were working
overtime to prepare information and
forms for registrars in the 6,500 dis-
tricts into which the country has been
divided. But this big job of registra-
tion was only the start in the job, for,
soon, 900,000 men, the limit under
the law, will get their duffle and
settle down to a year's training. The
steps of registrationare:
1) On Oct. 16, local officials will
register all men in the eligible age
group.
2) The local boards will then shuf-
fle the registration .cards, number
them serially and send them to Wash-
ington.
3) Washington will then reshuffle
them and draw them by lot. The or-
der in which thew are drawn will
determine the order in which men in
each area will be subject to training
selection.
4) On the basis of the drawings,
local boards will send questionnaires
to registrants for information as to
availability or deferment because of
dependents or the nature of their
jobs.
5) Local examiners will give phys-
ical examinations.
6) Men passlng that examination
will then be sent forward for exam-
ination by medical officers in the
Army, Navy and Marine Corps.
7) Those passing the final exam-

ination will be inducted into 12
months of service.
Much of the responsibility for the
smooth working of this intricate plan
goes to the local board which will be
manned by prominent citizens fam-
iliar with their communities. They
must obtain accurate information
about the trainees and must determ-
ine the status of men who claim de-
ferment because of dependents or
"essential" jobs. The President has
said that the local boards should be
liberal in their definitions. Mostly
this was because of the fact that it
is estimated that 5,000,000 will be
available for service.
The first draftees, about 75,-
000, will be called up in mid-Novem-
ber. Thereafter the Army's quota will
be filled as shelters are completed for
the new men. Construction has al-
ready started for 34 camps. A bill for
$338,000,000 has been passed to cover
housing costs. The Army says that it
will have no trouble in finding shel-
ter for the new troops when the time
comes, also that it would have plenty
of weapons for the trainees in the
months ahead.
W ilikie
Of course, the election campaign
was very much in evidence last week,
as Wendell Willkie took the tradi-
tional campaign swing that all candi-
dates must go through. He had a
gruelling trip of it as he went across
the Southwest into California, in ter-
ritory that went for Roosevelt in the
presidential elections.
The Republican candidate's man-
ner of public speaking was getting
better. At Chicago, ten days ago, he
had been uncomfortable with a mic-
rophone and had tried to make his
voice carry to the farthest points of
the audience. As a result he became
extremely hoarse and took some
coaching in voice and speaking from
Dr. Harold Barnard of Beverly Hills,
Calif., advisor to some of Hollywood's
stars.
Republican leaders and party
spokesmen were fearful that there
might be more unfortunate breaks
in his campaign like those caused by
an apparent over-willingness to talk
quickly and without consideration.
Biggest cause of grief was Willkie's
accusation that the President had
telephoned Hitler and Mussolini in
September of 1938 and urged them
"to sell Czechoslovakia down the riv-
er." Administration denials were
quickly forthcoming, and Willkie's
kides admitted that he had "mis-
spoken."
While Wllkie was, making his
campaign jaunt out West, the Ameri-
can Institute of Public Opinion an-
nounced the results of a pre-election
poll on the two men. Roosevelt was
well in the lead, and his percent-
ages had increased a great deal since
the previous poll. The President had
55 per cent of the popular vote and
453 electoral votes as against only
78 for Mr. Willkie.
HARVARD FETES OLDTIMER
Next month, Harvard University
will give a special testimonial ban-
quet for a veteran campus police-
Iman, Charles R. Apted.

THE NEWSGATHERERS of the world
had a busy time of it last year.
Foremost among the events that demanded com-
plete coverage was the start of a new war-there
hadn't been a war of great magnitude since 1918,
and everything about it was news, big news.
And then there was that other war-the Sino-
Japanese War-that had been going on for quite
a long time but which showed few signs of end-
ing. That demanded a lot of room in the papers
of this country. Also important was the record-
ing of the political, social and economic upheaval
throughout the world. Russia and Finland went
to battle. Conditions, philosophies, 'governmental
theories were changing fast, and the newspapers
had to be there to tell all about that changing
world. It was a busy time for them. The Daily
had to record those news events, those important
happenings; The Daily had to try and keep its
readers informed of those changing philosophies.
ALL THROUGH that year the difficulty of
presenting a complete picture of the world
lay in the fact that there were extant such def-
initely opposed philosophies of government and
of economic system. It was no easy matter to
attempt to treat impartially both sides in all
these conflicts. And, so, many persons were
certain that the papers were trying to mistreat
their favorites, even though no partiality was
intended. Conflicting news reports sent from
the censored news agencies of Europe were often
responsible, both sides playing up what was fa-
vorable to their own purposes.
That was a big year, and a troublesome year
for the newspapers. But this one is already ten
times as jumbled-there's even more to tell.
The war has swept through Poland, Denmark,
Norway, the Low Countries, France; Lithuania,
Esthonia and Latvia are now a part of Russia;
Rumania has been chopped up. The war has
increased in intensity, and, now, Great Britain
is engaged in a great struggle to stay alive.
In the United States we are bombarded by dif-
ferent opinions on our defense problems-how
best to defend, from what to defend. And, most
important to us in a country where voting is
still possible is the hot presidential race. In all
these news subjects there will be many conflict-
ing stories.
THE DAILY wants, more than anything else,
to treat all sides fairly, in its news columns
and in its editorials. The Daily is not meant by
its editors to be any kind of a propaganda in-
v+,'ment- it will have no ax to grind. Rather

ON OUR editorial page we will attempt to give
all campus opinion an even break. Editorials
will be governed by good taste, accuracy and
pointedness. Our public letter box is open to
everyone interested and is an important part of
our paper. Through the year we hope to have
all types of campus thought represented in our
paper. In connection with the "Letters to the
Editor," it should be remembered that The
Daily's editors do not write them, wishing merely
to allow all students freedom to speak their
minds.s
THIS WILL BE a big news year, and The Daily
will get in on as much of it as possible. It
is the editors' intention to keep The Daily's
readers informed.
- Alvin Sarasohn

A Sound
Warning ...

+

National Commander Raymond J. Kelly of
the American Legion has said a wise thing. In
Boston for the annual convention of veterans of
the first World War, he warns citizens of the
United States against war hysteria and the as-
sumption that our involvement in the conflict
between Great Britain and Germany is inevit-
able.
The program he proposes is, in essence, to
strengthen our national defenses to the ut-
most, expeditiously, remembering that these
armed forces are to defend America, not to
plunge the country into foreign wars.
The soundness of Commander Kelly's advice
is manifest. There is no surer way to become
embroiled than to assume that involvement can-
not be avoided.
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch
The City Editor' s
SCRATCH PAD

YOUR
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10. Sunday Rotogravure Section
11. National Famous Columnists
12. Classified Directory
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H ELLO, FROSH!

.

Probably you're all set to write home, describ-
ing the glories of Ann Arbor, but wait a while.-
You just arrived.
rm,

Italy's efforts to cork up
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