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T I MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
ofi Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Ofice at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
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carrier $4.00; by mail $4.50.
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CHICAGO * 0"8StO . LOSANGELES * SAN FRANCISCO,
&lember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41
Hervie Hauuler. .
Alvin Sarasohn. .
Paul M. Chandler .
Karl Kessler . .
Milton Orshetsky .
Howard A. Goldman
Helen Corman .
Assistant Business Manag
Women's Business Manag
Women's Advertising Man
. . . Managing Editor
. . . . City Editor
. .I . Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
* . . Associate Editor
. . . .Women's Editor
. . . Exchange Editor
NIGHT EDITOR: EMILE GEll
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staffand represent the views of the
his school, liberal thinkers of the time. Of its
300 professors, 170 were sent to concentration
camps, where many of them died. The Univer-
sity of Warsaw has been ransacked, and its
equipment sent to Berlin. The University of
Prague has been shut down. Poles and Czechs,
conquered races, are to be denied freedom of
education, and be made serfs to the master race.
ALL OF THESE REPORTS show only more
vividly the extent to which freedom and
culture has died out in Europe. Democracy is
gone, and with it liberal thought, progress, and
the liberty that Americans covet so. All the
more vividly, too, the reports show our respon-
sibility in keeping freedom of thought and de-
mocracy alive in the western world.,
Europe-all of the Old Countries-has lost de-
mocracy and freedom of thought and education.
The two go hand in hand, without one the other
cannot exist. When free thought is denied, the
first step in losing democracy has been taken.
And when education is regimented to suit the
ideas and desires of a few, then democracy is on
its way out.
WEcannot let that happen here. It can hap-
pen here, and at times in the past it has.
But now the suppression of free thinking, of '
liberal education would be fatal. Ours is the
duty to protect democracy for the rest of the
world, to keep burning the lights of liberal cul-'
ture and progressive civ4i ation. We are the
one remaining lighthouse oa: a world flounder-
ing in a sea of regimentain and denial of lib-
erty. And the light of freedom and democracy
on these shores, which recently flickered all too
often, must never go out.
By DAVID LACHENBRUCH
THOSE WHO ARGUE that Barbirolli as a
conductor does not bring out all the poten-
tialities of the New York Philharmonic-Sym-
phony will have a chance to hear the Phil-
harmonic under another conductor for the next
After today's concert under Barbirolli (WJR-
3 p.nm.) the permanent conductor will leave for
a mid-season vacation. During the four weeks
that follow, Dimitri Mitropoulus, youthful con-
ductor of the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,
will preside as guest conductor. Joseph Schuster,
brilliant young cellist of the Philharmonic will
appear as soloist today. And the program:
Overture to "Oberon".......... Weber
Concerto in D Major for Cello and Orches-
" tra .....................Mozart-Cassado
Symphony No. 2, in D Major, Op. 73
... ....- .-............... ... ... B rah m s
J) ONNIZETTI'S "Don Pasquale," revived af-
ter an absence of five years from the Metro-
politan Opera repertory, will be heard Sat-
urday afternoon as the third in this season's
opera matinees to be broadcast from the stage
of the Metropolitan Opera House over NBC on
At 9:35 p.m. the same day, Arturo Toscanini
will lead the NBC Symphony Orchestra in
another of its regular Saturday evening broad-
cast concerts, heard over WXYZ. It will include:
Symphony No. 2, in C Major ... Schumann
Symphonic Poem, "From the Cradle to the
Grave" .......................... Liszt
"Serenade" and "In the Garden" from
"Rustic Wedding" Symphony, Goldmark
"Through the' Fields and Woods," and
"Carnival of Piemonte," from "Piemonte"
Suite . ...................Sinigaglia
Jane Froman, the singing star, will interpret
three Gershwin songs today over WJR from 5
to 5:30 p.m. over the "Design For Happiness"
program, which features the Chicago Women's
Symphony under the direction of Izler Solo-
mon. The third movement of Tschaikowsky's
Symphony Pathetique is the symphonic selec-
tion on the program,
VER CKLW on Thursday nights, you can
hear the finest of the Canadian Symphony
orchestras. Beginning at 9 p.m., the Toronto and
Montreal Symphony Orchestras are broadcast
each on alternate weeks. This Thursday it will
be the Toronto playing Cesar P'ranck's D Major
Bidu Sayao, soprano soloist, will appear on to-
night's Sunday Evening Hour (WJR--9 to 10
p.m.). Donizetti, Beethoven, Haydn and Wag-
ner's works will be represented on the program.
If you want to hear broadcasts of recorded music
by the world's greatest artists, no doubt you'll
be interested in the prog/ams sponsored by two
of the phonograph record manufacturers. The
"Music You Want" program is broadcast every
evening except Saturday, from 11 p.m. to 11:45
p.m. over WXYZ. "Music Masterworks,"' a
similar program is on the air on WJR at 11:15
p.m. to 11:45 p.m. on Saturdays and Sundays.'
Robe t S.Allei
WASHINGTON - Wendell Willkie's under-
cover tribulations with Republican politicos dur-
ing the campaign continue to dog him.
Latest development is a sputtering of ire
among National Committeemen when they heard
that Willkie considers it his right to name the
successor to National Chairman Joe Martin,
who wants to quit in order to give all his time
to bssing the House Republicans.
It is a long tradition in both parties that the
presidential nominee may name the National
Chairman, who in practice is his campaign
manager. Willkie picked Martin, and now takes
the position that he also is entitled to select
But to the hard-headed, political professionals,
a candidate running for office and a defeated
candidate are horses of entirely different colors.
The first is a potential incumbent who may have
patronage and favors to dispense, and therefore
commands the right to call the tune. But a de-
feated standard-bearer is a has-been, and the
boys are not interested in faded hopes.
SO WILLKIE'S CLAIM to continued party
leadership is meeting with very glacial re-
sponse. When he told some of the National Com-
mitteemen that they should name the man he
wants, the boys tactfully, but pointedly, replied
that the National Committee is an elected body
and alone has the power to fill a chairmanship
vacancy. Willkie's views, as well as those of other
p arty chiefs, would be considered but the time
was past when he was giving orders.
The politicos resent what they consider the
'larn inference in Willkie's attitude that he in-
tends to assert control over the party machinery.
If that is his thought, he apparently is headed
for trouble. The regulars, the hopefuls with
their eyes on 1944, and the congressional leaders
have plans of their own.
SECRETARY OF COMMERCE Jesse Jones
wasn't exaggerating when he predicted that
this would be the most prosperous Christmas in
Economists of the' Federal Reserve Board,
Commerce and Labor Departments estimate
a Yuletide business season surpassing even the
peak in 1929. According to their private figures,
dollar sales will about equal 1929, but business
volume will be considerably heavier (1940 price
levels are nearly 20 per cent lower). That is,
each dollar spent will buy about one-fifth more
than it did in the last of the boom years.
THIS IS the way the experts forecast the
Employment--Because of the vast defense
program, employment will be greater this month
than at any time since 1929, with more than
37,000,000 (excluding temporary Christmas em-'
ployees) on private payrolls-an increase of
1,400,000 over December, 1939.
Payrolls-Manufacturing payrolls will be 12
per cent greater than last December. That means
$25,000,000 more a week will be paid in wages
to industrial workers, and much of this money
will flow into the Christmas trade.
Retail Trade-Sales generally will be from
8 to 10 per cent greater than 1939. Department
store sales will be 5 per cent more than last
Christmas, but still under record-breaking 1929.
Onthe other hand, mail order and variety store
sales will be the highest in history.
The Plans Looked Fine On Paper?
yy }'" d:
_ : " .
- Is .. I
_______________________ I - I
Freedom Of Thought
And The United States
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
T HE UNIVERSITY has given more,
than lip service to the ideal of better
cultural bonds with Latin American nations
when it established the exchange fellowship
agreement with the Instituto Brasil-Estados
Unidos of Rio de Janeiro.
Added to other scholarships awarded for
foreign students, especially from the Near East
and the Orient, the agreement was the first"
of its kind provided for students coming from
nations in the Western Hemisphere.
By the agreement reached with the leading
university of Brazil, three students, a research
agent of the ministry of education, a staff mem-
ber of the National Library, and a teacher of
administrative law, came to the University to
continue their studies in the Graduate School.
In exchange, a teaching fellow in geography,
a graduate student in Latin American history
and a teacher engaged in educational research
were sent to Brazil by the University..
Additional impetus was given to the project,
when two fellowships were provided this year
with added stipend. In response to the request
from the American Institute of International
Education, the Graduate School also awarded
two tuition scholarships on the basis of com-
Brazilian students in law, medicine, educa-
tion, and library science have come here to gain
more professional knowledge, while graduate
students of the University in social and scien-
tific fields or research are given the opportun-
ity to study problems from primary sources.
More than professional training will be gain-
ed as these students and the University as a
whole comprehend the need for cosmopolitan
knowledge and international - understanding.
With the inauguration of tbaese fellowships, the
University has expanded its international in-
terest to our neighbors to the South and taken
its share in the effort to build up the intang-
ible Western Hemisphere defense of goodwill
and cooperation.--Rosebud Scott
And Latin Anmerica . o
RTICLES in the recent "exiled writ-
ers" issue of the Saturday Review of
Literature naturally stress the freedom authors
have found in America. They give a fresh im-
pression of what freedom means, and of the real
worth of institutions that Americans too long
have taken for granted.
Heinz Pol, exiled German liberal now in the
United States, writes of the "contrast between
the free culture of America and the hell from
which we have escaped." More than ever before
he noticed this contrast when he first visited
the New York Public Library. He. had known
that New York had a library, of course. But,
he writes, when he first entered the place he felt
strange and at once at home. "There was some-
hing universal about it-something European
as well as American-but where in Europe are
such institutions left?"
H ERE IN AMERICA we accept free public li-
braries as a matter of course . We assume
FHE YEAR 1940 has witnessed your acts and
mine. Soon the annual page can be turned,
How any act takes place and what its ingred-
ients are is one of the major inquiries in ethics
and religion as in sociology or psychology. A
basic fact which seems to be conceded by all
of the contenders is that (1) what we are
learning, that is, an idea, a theory, some event
which has our interest, figures in the making of
that act, and (2) the drives or instincts figure
in the making of the act. An environmental
element floats about within my personality, as it
were, until some one drive envelopes it and
energizes it. Then the act on my part takes
IN RELIGION and ethics this is significant be-
cause religion deals with the ideal rather than
the idea; with the meaning made very inti-
mately personal; 'with speculation about the
imponderables taken hold of by faith with at-
titudes of head and heart.
A youth in his development is somewhat like
a string being pushed from behind by all the
vast driving energies of the race, the culture
patterns of behavior, and the native life it-
self. In this native state the youth, as a string,
must curl up, become confused, turn upon him-
self in destructive behavior within, and perhaps
upon society in delinquent behavior without. But
if we can provide that youth with an ideal, a
religious grasp or purpose, a belief in the good-
ness of the Universe itself and the availability
of God-the interested Infinite-we will have
set a pull ahead of him which can save him.
Religion, in so far as it provides an ideal which
gets a youth's affection, is the growth prin-
ciple luring youth into high purpose, noble ad-
venture, lofty thoughts, and creative activity.
(Continued from Page 6)
Mendelssohn on Monday, December'
16, at 8:15 p.m. Also Senorita Car-
men Barrenas will interpret Spanish
folk dances, accompanied by Mr. Jos-
eph Kentz. Small charge. Everyone,
Congress: The Rooming House
Council will hold its meeting for
three zones on Monday at 4:30 p.m.
in 306 Michigan Union. All con-
tacted representatives are urged to
The Karl Marx Society presents
Joseph' Clark, prominent Marxist'
writer and editor of the "Youth Re-
view" who will speak on "Trends in
the Socialist Movement" on Mon-'
day, December 16, at 8:00 p.m. in
the Michigan Union. Everyone in-
terested is invited.
Faculty Women's Club: The Play-
reading Section will meet on Tues-
day afternoon, December 17, at 2:15;
in the Mary B. Henderson Room of
the Michigan League.
Hobby Lobby: No new work will be;
started until after vacation. Stu-
dents may finish their work before
vacation on the regular days. Fol-
lowing vacation, the group will start
on leather work.
Outdoor Sports: There will be no
skating or skiing this weekend.
Disciples Guild (Christian Church)
10:00 a.m. Students' Bible Class, H. L.,
10:45 a.m. Morning Worship, Rev.
Fred Cowin, minister.
Disciple students and their friends
are invited to a Christmas Tea at
the Guild House, this afternoon,
5 :30-7:00. The Guild will attend the
Christmas program, "A Christmas
Legend," at the church at 7:30 p.m.
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
Sunday morning service at 10:30.
Subject: "God, The Preserver Of
Man." Sunday School at 11:45 a.m.
Ann Arbor Society of Friends
(Quakers) meets at Lane Hall on
Sunday. At 3:30 there will be a group
studying the Quaker meeting. At 5:00
there will be the meeting for worship,
followed at 6:00 by carol singing, At
6:15 Lewis Hoskins will show some
moving pictures of the Friends' Work
Camps. Anyone interested in the
Work Camps is especially invited to
sn t-hac + ninr,,c Tnw illm he fnl-
5:30 p.m. A Pageant given by the
Church School: "What Child Is
This?" Everyone invited.l
6:00 p.m. Westminster Student
Guild-supper and Christmas meet-
ing, Carol singing. Christmas stor-.
ies by Dr. Lemon. Last get-to-geth.a
er before vacation. All students in-:
Student Evangelical Chapel: Rev.
L. Verduin of the Christian Reformed
Church at Corsica, South Dakota, is1
the pastor for this month.
His topic for the 10:30 a.m. wor-1
ship service on Sunday will be "Isai-
ah's Vision in the Potter's House."
The 7:30 p.m. devotional period
will have as its theme: "Ye are the
salt of the earth."
Everyone is welcome to attend
these services which are conducted in
the Michigan League Chapel.
First Methodist Church: Morning
Worship Service at 10:40 o'clock. Dr.
C. W. Brashares will preach on
"Home Sweet Home." Student Class
at 9:30 a.m. in the Assembly Room.
Prof. George Carrothers will lead the
group in a Christmas service of car-a
ols and story. Wesleyan Guild will
meet at 6:15 p.m. in the Assembly
Room for fellowship and supper. This
will be followed by the meeting at 8
o'clock. Kappa Phi will present the
program of "Living Madonnas" at
Unitarian Church: 11:00 a.m.
Christmas Sermon for Students,
"4 B.C., 1940, and 2400 MayBe." Read-
ing of Christmas Poem by Elizabeth
7:30 p.m. Musical Program-Spe-
cial Selection of Records, with anno-
Reform Services will be held at
the Hillel Foundation at 11:30 a.m.'
A debate between teams of the Michi-
gan Hillel and Michigan Normal Hil-
lel, of Ypsilanti, on the topic, "Re-
solved: that those who advocate
racial or religious intolerance in the
United States should be denied the
privilege of free speech" will replace
a sermon. The public is invited.
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
Sunday at 8:00 a.m. Holy Commun-
ion; 9:30 a.m. High School Class,
Harris Hall; 11:00 a.m. Morning
Prayer and Sermon by the Right
Reverend Herman Page, D.D.; 11:00
a.m. Junior Church; 11:00 a.m. Kin-
dergarten. Harris Hall; 5:00 p.m.
Choral Evensong. Music by Mr. Fax-
on and members of the Schola Can-
torum; 7:30 p.m. Episcopal Student
Guild in Harris Hall. "The Christ-
First Baptist Church: 10:30 a.m.
Sermon, "Characteristic Christian
Living," by Rev. C. H. Loucks.
11:30 a.m. Prof. Vaterman's Grad-
uate Class and Mr. Loucks' Roger
Williams Class will meet in the Guild
6:30 p.m. Roger Williams Guild
meets at the Guild House for music
and fellowship and then joins the
Wesley Guild at the Methodist
Church to view "Living Reproduc-
tions of Famous Madonnas."
9:00 p.m. Carol Sing at Lane Hall
under the sponsorship of the Student
Religious Association. Bring a wash-
able toy for the Toy Loan Library.
Grace Bible Fellowship (Unde-
nominational): Rev. Harold De Vries,
Sunday School at 10:00 a.m.
Morning Service at 11:00 a.m.
"His Right to Rule."
Evening Service at 7:30 p.m. "The
Doom of Religion."
All Services held at the Masonic
WJR WWJ CKLW WXYZ
750 KC - CBS 920 KC - NBC Red 1030 KC - Mutual 1240 KC- NBC Blue
6:00 Silver Theatre Catholic Hour Double or Nothing Across Footlights
6:15 Silver Theatre
6:30 Gene Autry News Show of the Week _News Ace
6:45 Gene Autry Heap 'o Livin' "Detroit Cons'vatory
7:00 G. Smith Jack Benny Dr. DeHaan Pearson & Allen
7:15 G. Smith " European News
7:30 Screen Guild Fitch Bandwagon Better Speech
7:45 Screen Guild Week-End Review
8:00 Helen Hayes Charlie McCarthy CKLW, Concert Message of Israel
8:15 Helen Hayes ""
8:30 Crime Doctor One Man's Family Face the Facts Sherlock Holmes
8:45 Crime; News Evening Serenade
9:00 Ford Hour Merry-Go-Round Revival Walter Winchell
IN CASE the sports page misses it (and they
have in the past) Tom Harmon, the lad who
is back in school now, was selected last night as
the most valuable player in the Big Ten. (cour-
tesy to Chicago). That's logical enough; last
wmp h -am wa :P ctPtth ptin te a tin