THE MICHTE AN D A TV
SUNDAY. 1) E EP., R. 1946
a-V as 1 V 1'1 11 L 1"i l l. 1 v' l'at,.' " IIIafy&aya..w yY
- - I T T 7 ~ j lA V I (~ T ~ 1 ........iA
OIN i -I f-- lA4--A
THE M 1ICIGI~AN' DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
It or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL ADVERT13ING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CICAGO * BOSToN . LOS ANGELES * SAN FRAncisco
WASHINGTON-An important indication of
British plans for the future is to be found
in the fact that a certain manufacturer in this
country is designing for the British a wholly
novel weapon of warfare-an aero-tank.
This tank, light enough to be carried by an
airplane, would be used only outside of Great
Britain, and indicates British expectation of
taking the offensive on the Continent next
The new tank is not to be confused with
the medium tanks which the British are buy-
ing here to the extent of $200,000,000, as dis-
closed exclusively by this column. Weighing
only five and a half tons, the aero-tank will be
slung under the fuselage of a large plane,
which will lift the tank like a hawk carrying a
chicken in its claws.
A year ago, such a device might have appeared
plausible only in fantastic comics, but today
it is actually in blueprint form and being stud-
ied by the tank manufacturer; the Douglas
Aircraft Company, and the British Air Mission
in the United States.
80 Miles An Hour
THE plane, with the tank in its claws, will
have a cruising range of 1,000 miles, which
Member, Associated Collegiate
Paul M, Chandler.
oward A. Goldman
Business Manager ,
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
. . Associate
. . Associate
. . Associate
. . .Women's
NIGHT EDITOR: A. P. BLAUSTEIN
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
Great Britain .. .
AMERICA is in a dilemma -the di-
lemma of compromising the great
will of the American people for peace and se-
curity, and their strong desire that England
shall defeat the forces of fascism whose out-
lawry knows no bounds. Today the question of
granting credits to Great Britain spotlights this
dilemma throughout the land.
Can we grant credits without involving this
country in active military participation in the
war? That's the hitch. We want to help an
embattled Britain and, at the same time, retain
our own peace and capacity for permanent
WE WANT TO AID BRITAIN, first because she
represents the fight of democracy versus
fascism. True, the major part of the guilt for
the rise of fascism lies at the feet of the British
government, which is to be distinguished from
the English people. For it has been the privi-
leged classes of England who have dominated
the government headed by Chamberlain, under
whose leadership Austria, Spain, and Czecho-
slovakia were sacrificed to Hitler, who was him-
self subsidized by Great Britain in the hope that
he would turn on the constant menace to Eng-
lish privilege in the East - the Soviet Union.
They let democracy be slaughtered, sabotaged,
the League of Nations, and blessed fascism be-
cause they have no love for genuine democracy;
for the growth of democracy at home and abroad
means stripping them of their own vested privi-
('bNLY when Hitler's insatiable conquests, them-'
selves, threatened the perpetuation of their
privileges and an aroused English people de-
manded a stop to appeasement, did the English
government declare war. The English people
support this war whose germ was laid by their
own rulers in Versailles. They fight for their
very existence and the only hope of reconstruct-
ing Europe on a permanent basis of security and
peace. Through their Liberal and Labor leaders
they are in the process of reorganizing their own
society on a truly democratic basis to make the
dynamic war effort that is required, and to lay
the foundations of security and peace at home.
The privileged classes, too, are united with the
people in this struggle, not because they love
democracy, but because their privileges would be.
lost in a Nazi conquest. It is in this sense of the
term that . England - labor and privileged -,
fights for democracy.
IT IS A FIGHT for democracy that is worthy
of the support of the American people. Our
own privileged classes support England's war
effort for other reasons, namely because thewv
now see a Nazi victory would threaten their own
privileges, for Hitler subjects industry as well
as labor to his end of power. But it must be
the American people, not America's vested in-
terests, who must decide the extent of aid that
the British cause shall receive. Credits to Eng-
land must be the loan or gift of the American
people, not America's industrial and financial
interests. For these interests are not above sac-
rificing American blood for their own imperiled
investment-they did it in the last World War.
The American people can be relied upon to make
the decision of what they value most. If they
grant loans to England through their govern-
ment, they can be trusted to decide how they
shall protect them. It will be their loss for a
IN ITS OWN casual democratic way
the United States is gradually
launching one of the largest "good neighbor"
projects ever conceived in the Western Hemi-
sphere or any other hemisphere.
Political and economic relations operate
smoothly enough between governments of oppo-
site ideologies; but close cooperation toward a
common ideological goal requires a mutual un-
derstanding and appreciation of the cultures of
the participating nations. The United States
is rightly assuming the initiative in creating
such understanding between the American
AS CO-ORDINATOR of Commercial and Cul-
tural Relations between the American repub-
lics, Nelson Rockefeller is organizing a brain-
trust of the best experts available to counteract
Nazi propaganda with "honest understanding,
genuine good intention and truth." Such an or-
ganization and purpose, backed by an initial
fund of three million dollars is bound to put a
crimp in Goebbels' best efforts.
Travel has always been an effective method
of spreading understanding, and the "good will"
experts hope to divert, with the aid of the war,
a large amount of travel from Europe to Latin
America. Not only would tourists learn about
their neighbors, but they would increase the
supply of United States dollars in neighboring
nations and thereby contribute importantly in
solving foreign exchange problems.
A DIVISION OF COMMUNICATIONS under
James W. Young, director of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce, will dissemin-
ate more individual information among the
Americas and will promote the use of radio pro-
grams, newsreels and motion pictures.
The Cultural Relations division, headed by
Robert G. Caldwell, Dean of Humanities at
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and aided
by Archibald MacLeish, Library of Congress, will
translate American and English books into Span-
ish and Portuguese to give Latin-Americans a
broader understanding of the United States, and
Latin-American works will be translated into
Henry A. Moe of the Guggenheim Foundation
will lead the Scholarship division in promoting
Inter-American friendship through awarding
student scholarships which will allow an ex-
change of students between the United States
and Latin-American countries.
THIS CULTURAL ASPECT of Pan-American
fellowship is less material, but is certainly
no less- vital in a time of world crisis. More
important, however, it will lay foundations for
a neighborliness and understanding that will
last long after the present conflict in Europe
and long after democracy has been guaranteed
in this hemisphere.
- Emile Gele
We can retain our own desire for peace as much
as we wish while granting aid, because the
pressure for military participation by American
industrial and financial interests in behalf of
threatened investments in England will be ob-
viated. The American people can decide how
worthy the cause of England is to them.
An American loan or gift through the govern-
ment will be a token of solidarity, inspiration and
confidence in the cause of democracy the English
people are genuinely engaged in. It will be an
exchange between two peoples, not the conniving
of privileged classes in defense of their own in-
terests. It will be an exchange between those
whose ultimate interests are those of security
and peace, not the opportunity for profit - in
behalf of which democracy is stifled and crushed
to the extent circumstances permit.
AN ENGLISH VICTORY can lay the, founda-
tions of a new security throughout Europe
if the social revolution that is taking place (too
slowly admittedly) today in England will dom-
inate the peace and reconstruction that is made.
A Nazi victory will crush any hope for social
revolution in Europe and make America an
armed camp to meet the constant threat of a
fascist dominated Europe. Loans and other aid
to the English people will be part of our own
means that the British will be able to dispatch
tanks by air from London to any point in west-
ern or central Europe, including France, Ger-
many, Italy, and even Greece. When released
from the plane, the tank has a cruising range
of 700 miles without refueling, will be able to
travel faster than the average automobile-80
miles an hour. This is faster than any tank
It will be 14/ feet long, armored with one-
inch plate, and will carry one 37-mm. gun,
one machine' gun, and two submachine guns.
It will be manned by a crew of two.
The landing gear of the plane is so construct-
ed that the wheels extend down beyond the
lowest limits of the tank. The plane lands on
its own wheels, comes to a stop, and releases
the tank to the ground. Thereafter, the tank
operates independently of the plane.
After the orders are placed, it will take six
months to produce the tanks. Clearly, the
British are looking ahead and planning not
only for the defense of Britain, but for taking
the field to undo what Hitler has done in the
past two years.
Supreme Court Fireworks
LATZE homeward bound travelers stared in
amazement as they passed the chaste marble
home of the United States Supreme Court re-
cently and saw great streams of golden fire
and brilliant red balls flashing about the portico
of that usually dignified establishment.
What was happening? Had the Nine Old
Men gone mad, did they think this was the
Fourth of July, or were some of the recent ap-
pointees celebrating the victory of the New
Investigation disclosed a party of grim-faced
Supreme Court guards staging a blitzkrieg with
Roman candles against irreverent hordes of
starlings, which had been using the carved
capitals and railings of the building as a roost-
ing place, and making a mess of the entrance.
These same birds are a source of great sor-
row to downtown Washington and Capitol of-
ficials, who up to now have lacked the imagin-
ation to adopt the fireworks of the Nine Old
Men for their dispersement.
Hoover Visits Capital
ALTHOUGH Herbert Hoover constantly
shuttles back and forth about the country,
he sedulously avoids Washington. The ex-presi-
dent has a phobia against Washington under
the New Deal, and has seldom come here dur-
ing the eight years since he left the White
Hoover's last public visit was last winter,
when he appeared unannounced before a con-
gressional committee in behalf of a loan for
the then embattled Finns. Since then he has
not been seen in the city where he was a domin-
ant cabinet member and White House resident
for twelve years-that is, not by the public.
Actually, however, he spent the entire day here
sub rosa last Sunday.
It was all very, very secret. Hoover stayed at
the swanky home of William R. Castle, Under
Secretary of State in his regime and one of the
most active appeasement advocates in the coun-
try. Castle had a hand in Colonel Lindbergh's
various broadcasts and is a sparkplug of the
Save America First organization, propaganda
agency of the appeasement movement.
Prominent on its board are Castle; Robert E.
Wood, head of Sears, Roebuck; Oswald Garri-
son Villard; Kathryn Lewis, daughter of the
deposed CIO boss; Mrs. Burton K. Wheeler,
wife of the isolationist Senator; and Mrs. Alice
Hoover spent most of his time conferring with
Castle and some old newspaper friends about
his plan to force the British to open their block-
ade so that food can be shipped into Nazi-occu-
pied Europe. This campaign is now Hoover's
ruling passion. He is constantly driving to
build up a nationwide organization and drum
up public sentiment, particularly in churches,
colleges and charity circles.
Of late, however, Hoover has seemed loath
to debate the issue. Some of his representatives
were scheduled to advocate his plan before a
Pittsburgh meeting this week, but when Dr.
Henry P. Van Dusen, dean of the Union Theo-
logical Seminary, asked to be heard in opposi-
tion, strenuous efforts were made to block him.
Van Dusen had vigorously assailed Hoover's
scheme at a meeting of officers of the Federal
Council of Churches, which the ex-president is
moving heaven and earth to win over.
U.S. Rubber Supplies
SHOULD Congress ever decide to investigate
the National Defense Commission it would
unearth some appalling delays in the securing
of the nation's raw materials-particularly rub-
It was as early as June that Roosevelt re-
quested a study of the synthetic rubber indus-
try, in case Japan should invade the Dutch
East Indies. And as early as July 13, Edward
Stettinius, in charge of raw materials, reported:
"It is expected that before this month is over
a plan of synthetic rubber production will have
been worked out which in the future will elim-
inate our dependence upon imports."
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1940
VOL. LI. No. 60
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to aUl
members of the University.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, December 11,
from 4 to 6 o'clock.
Notice in re University Property Re-
moved from the City or off University
Property: Any University representa-
tive having charge of University pro-
perty should give notice in advance to
the Inventory Clerk, Business Office,
University Hall, when such property is
to be taken outside the City of Ann
Arbor or off University property for
use in any University project, as, for
example, the W.P.A. A loss recently
occurred on which the University had
no insurancebecause of the fact that
no notice had been given to the In-
ventory Clerk that such property had
been taken to the location where it
was in use, and the property was
therefore not covered by the insurance
Shirley W. Smith
To the Members of the University
Council: There will be a meeting of
the University Council on Monday,
December 9, at 4:15 p.m., in Room
Approval of the Minutes.
Report of the Counsellor to Foreign
Students, J. R. Nelson.
Report of the Committee on the
Orientation Period, P. E. Bursley.
Subjects Offered by Members of
Reports of the Standing Commit-
Program and Policy, Stason.
Educational Policies, Rice.
Student Relations, Marin. .
Public Relations, I. Smith.
Plant and Equipment, Hammett.
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary
Choral Union Members: Members
of the Choral Union in good stand-
ing will please call for their courtesy
tickets on the day of the Boston
Symphony Orchestra concert, Wed-
nesday, December 11, between the
hours of 9 and 12 and 1 and 4, at
the offices of the University Musical
Society, Burton Memorial Tower.
After 4 o'clock no tickets will be giv-
en out. '
Public Health Assembly: Dr., W.
W. Bauer, Director of the Bureau of
Health Education of the' American
Medical Association, will"speak on
"The Interests and Activities of the
AmericandMedical Association in
Health Education" on Tuesday, De-
cember 10, at 4: 00. p. m. in the Aud-
tute of Graduate and Postgraduate
Dentistry. All professional students
in public health are expected to be
present. The lecture is open to the
public and all interested are cordial-
ly invited to'attend.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occtpational Information
has received notice of the following
United States Civil Service Examin-
ations:, Last date for filing applica-
tion is noted in each case:
Printer, Slug Machine Operator,
salary: $1.26 hr., Dec. 12, 1940.
Printer, Monotype Keyboard Op-
erator, salary $1.26 hr., Dec. 12, 1940.
Printer, Hand Compositor, salary:
$1.20 hr., Dec. 12, 1940.
Senior Medical Technician, salary:
$2,000, Dec. 30, 1940.
Medical Technician, salary: $1,-
800, Dec. 30, 1940.
Assistant Medical Technician, sal-
ary, $1,620, Dec. 30, 1940.
Complete information on file at
the Bureau of Appointments and Oc-
cupational Information, 201 Mason
Hall. Office hours: 9-12 and 2-4.
Bacteriology Seminar on Monday,
December 9, at 8:00 p.m. in Room
1564 East Medical Building. Sub-
ject: "The 'Second Stage' in Anti-
gen-Antibody Reactions." All inter-
ested are invited.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Room 319, West Medical
Building, at 7:30 p.m. on Tuesday,
December 10. Subject: "Biological
Oxidation-Reduction. Part II. Cyto-
chrome and Coenzymes." All inter-
ested are invited.
Math. 370, Seminar will meet
Tuesday at 4:00 p. m., 3001 A. H.
Professor Rainich will speak on
"Generalizations of Analytic Func-
tions to Higher Dimensions."
Physics Colloquium: Dr. Joseph R.
Downing will speak on "Infra-red
Spectroscopy" at 4:15 p. m. on Mon-
day, December 9, in Room 1041 E.
Aeronautical Engineering 6: Grad-
ed reports are now available in the
office of Professor Thompson. There
will be a lecture blue book on Thurs-
day, December 12.
Graduate Students: Preliminary
French and German examinations
for the doctorate will be given Fri-
day, December 13, at four o'clock in
the Raekham second floor Study
Hall. In the second semester the ex-
aminations will be given only once
-on February 28.
Doctoral Examination for Alfred
Perlmutter, Zoology; Thesis: "Varia-
tion of American North Atlantic Ma-
rine Fishes Correlated with the En-
vironment," Monday, 1:15 p.m., 3089
Natural Science Bldg. Chairman, C.
By action of the Executive Board,
the chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and he may grant permission to those
who for sufficient reason might wish
to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Choral Union Concert: The Bos-
ton Symphony Orchestra, Serge
Koussevitsky, Conductor, will give
the sixth program in the Sixty-Sec-
ond Annual Choral Union Concert
Series Wednesday evening, Decem-
ber 11, at 8:30 o'clock in Hill Audi-
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: An exhibit of ceramic
processes including structure, form,
color and glazing is being shown in
the first floor hall of the Architecture
Building through December 10. Open
daily, except Sunday, from 9 to 5. The
public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: The winning drawings
for the Magazine Cover Contest spon-
sored by DeVoe & Raynolds of Chica-
go are being shown in the third floor
exhibition room, Architecture Build-
ing. Open daily 9 to 5, except Sun-
day, through December 17. The pub-
lic is- invited.
Varsity Glee Club: Rehearsal to-
day at 4:30 sharp. Bring $2.00 for
music deposits. Rehearsal for Union
Opera will be held at 7:30.
A Hillel Musicale will be held at
the Foundation tonight at 8:15. The
program will include Tschaikowsky's
Romeo and Juliet Overture. Bach's
G Minor Little Fugue, Prokofieff's
Classical Symphony, and Beethoven's
Seventh Symphony. The public is
The Contract Bridge Tournament,
being sponsored by the Hillel Cab-
inet, will be held at the Hillel Foun-
dation this afternoon.
Student Guild will meet at the Church
Parish Hall at 6:00 p. m., today.
From there the group will go to
the home of Helen Feldkamp at 711
W. Washington St. for a supper and
a carol sing.
The Michigan Christian Fellow-
ship will meet today at 4:30 p.m.
in the Fireplace Room of Lane Hall.
Rev. Sudgen of Jackson will deliver
the third in a series of four talks.
All students interested are invited.
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet this evening in the Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall at 5:30. Sup-
per will be served, and afterward
the panel discussion of the National
Ashram theme will be concluded.
All are invited.
Botanical Journal Club will meet
on Tuesday, December 10, at 7:30 p.
m. in Room N. S. 1139. Reports by:
Florine Briscoe, "Contributions to
the life history of a systematic
fungous parasite, Cryptomycina
John R. Hardison, "Physiologic
specialization of wheat mildew in
Germany." The inheritance of re-
sistance to mildew. Diurnal cycle of
certain powdery mildews.
S. Wildman, "Review-Some prop-
erties of plant viruses."
Mathematics Club will meet Tues-
day evening at 8 o'clock in the West
Conference Room of the Rackham
Building. Dr. W. D. Duthie will
speak on "Segments in Ordered Sets."
A. I. Ch. E.-A. I. M. E. Joint Ban-
quet Meeting on Tuesday, December
10, 6:15 p. m., Michigan Union. Dr.
Joseph D. Ryan, Assistant Director
of R esearch of Libby-Owens-Ford,
will speak on "Automotive Safety
Glass." Tickets can be secured from
officers of either organization.
Senior Mechanicals: Mr. Sullivan,
a representative of the Detroit Edi-
son Company, Detroit, Michigan, will
interview senior mechanicals Tues-
day, December 17. Call at Room 221,
West Engineering Bldg., for interview
The Public Health Club Coopera-
tive Study Group, will meet Monday,
December 9, 7:30 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Building. A Panel discussion of
"Interelationship of Personnel in
County Health Units" will be present-
Public Health Students are expect-
ed to attend, and medical, dental,
education and other students are
The Student Branch of the ASME
will hold its Annual Roast on Tues-
day evening, December 10, at 6:30,
in the Michigan League. Professor
Walter Sadler will be the "Roast-
master". Following the dinner six
Engineering Faculty members will
(Continued on Page 8)
itorium of the W. K.
THE CHRISTIAN "Advent" is here.
In every country where our re-
ligion has been adopted by thousands
the theme of the ancient Jew, that
the golden age is ahead not behind
us, will set forth in prophetic quo-
tation, song of joy, and the finest
idealism of poets and sages. It is the
period where home and fireside get
their chance, for the Church has
wonderfully served our culture by
giving motherhood and the child
centrality. Old men will join small
children, learned men will yield to
the folklore of Christmas, men of
prestige will stand beside forgotten
men atcelebrations of the Christ
Child, and pagans with Christians
will enjoy the spirit of Christmas.
Jesus is a real blessing.
But we Americans, slaves to profit,
aretrippd hourly by the art of sales-
manship, haunted by a scandalous
use of superlatives, and pestered in
every mail with advertising which
bulks like the national debt. We are
pulled here to meetings, pushed there
for charity, levied on by friends and
preyed on by public enemies, until
our more sensitive souls will wish for
a reserved seat in Mars, not America,
before "Advent" is ten days on its
course. Our "free enterprise" has
ruined Christmas. In this minor dem-
onstration at every door we have the
world's ugly woes in embryo, whose
causes show up as rooted in man's
struggle for gain at the expense of
persons and the loftier graces.
Our greatest spiritual blessing, our
finest period of the year has become
an occasion for staging our worst
curse. This contradiction in our mor-
al life must be overcome. It is be-
cause of the urgency of this task, the
necessity to correct this conflict be-
tween profit as a motive and all other
motives that many Christians listen
gladly to any New Deal regulator
or progressive government plan of
control or socialistic thesis providing
the theory being announced can even
hint at a way to reduce the profit
WJR WWJ CKLW WXYZ
750 BC - CBS 920 KC - NBC Red 1030 XC - Mutual 1240 SC- NBC Blue
6:00 Silver Theatre Catholic Hour Double or Nothing Across Footlights
6:15 Silver Theatre
6:30 Gene Autry News Show of the Week . News Ace
6:45 Gene Autry Heap 'o Livin' " Detroit Cons'vatory
7:00 G. Smith Jack Benny Dr. DeHaan Pearson & Allen
7:15 G. Smith " "1European News
7:30 Screen Guild Fitch Bandwagon Better Speech
7:45 Screen Guild " Week-End. Review t
8:00 Helen Hayes Charlie McCarthy National Prayer Message of Israel
8:15 Helen Hayes " And Prophecy
8:30 Crime Doctor One Man's, Family Face the Facts Sherlock Holmes
8:45 Crime; News 11 ,
9:00 Ford Hour Merry-Go-Round Revival Walter Winchel
9:15 Ford Hour " " Parker Family
9:30 Ford Hour Familiar Music " Irene Rich