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December 03, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-12-03

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Weather
Partly cloudy, snow flurries.

Y2

Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication

:4i aiti

Editorial
Wht The W r
All About?

VOi. LI No. 55 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1940 Z-23

PRICE FIVE CENTS

I s

Nazi U-Boats
Attack Seven
British Ships

Sings Today

Berlin Fears RurnanianNazjs Reported Speeding
Menace To War Efforts

Nar

Ire land

Planes Continue Sea Raid;
U.S. Receiving Stations
Pick Up SOS Signals
For Period Of 14 Hours
Nazi Naval Base
BombedBy RAF
(By The Associated Press)
NEW YORK, Dec. 2.-Underseas
raiders struck at a convoy of mer-
chant vessels about 500 miles west
of Ireland today, torpedoing at least
seven ships, while two other ships-
one of them only 25 miles from Ire-
land-were bombed from the air.
Distress signals were heard here
by Mackay Radio over a fourteen-
hour period until silence veiled the
convoy's fate. At least one ship was
sunk, as indicated by the presence
of survivors aboard another torpe-
doed vessel.
Old Freighter Bombed
During that time, planes bombed+
the 276-ton British trawler Kilger-,
ran Castle 25 miles southwest of In-
salehead, Ireland, and the fifty-six
year old Yugoslavian freighter Cetvri,
1,937 tons, 150 miles to the south.
It was midnight in the new "grave-
yard of the North Atlantic" when
Mackay heard the first SOS, indi-
cating a submarine attack, flashed
by an unidentified vessel.
Later calls indicated this was the
first blow on a convoy of unknown
size (convoys of 25 to 30 ships are
not uncommon). Those ships identi-
fied in the stricken convoy all trade
with the Caribbean or pass through
the Panama Canal to the west United
States coast and Far Eastern ports.
Second Call Heard
Just before dawn, a second ship, the
new 5,497-ton British freighter Lady
Clanely, messaged she had been "tor-
pedoed" at latitude 55 north, longi-
tude 20 west, about 30 miles north-
east of the first call.
The powerful Valencia (Ireland)
radio station relayed the next word
of the attack, almost two hours later,
that the British ship, "call letters
GKIF," was "being attacked by a sub-
marine" at 55.03 north, 18.40 west.
Mackay Radio could not identify the
ship.
An hour later, from almost the
same position on the edge of the
declared German blockade around the
British Isles, the Goodleigh, sister
ship of the Lady Glanely, radioed that
she had been "torpedoed."
Message Is Indistinct
Mackay 'heard an indistinct call
from a torpedoed ship first believed
to be the "S.S. Victoria." A later
message from the Valencia station
heard more distinctly said that the
"Victor Ross" had been torpedoed.
Mackay operatorshsaid this was
probably the same ship. The Victor
Ross, 12,247-ton British molasses
tanker, trades between England and
the Caribbean and Port Everglades,
Fla.
Meanwhile London reported suc-
cessful overnight British raids upon
the German Navy's shipbuilding
yards at Wilhelmshaven naval base.
and on other far separated objec-
tives in Nazi territory.
A great fire was declared left at
Wilhelmshaven well within the ship-
yards, where the ministry said a
large number of submarines were un-
der construction.
Hit, too, it was announced, were
the submarine base and naval docks
at Lorient, France; the power station,
jetty and drydocks at Brest, France;
barracks and other buildings at a
Nazi military camp in Kristiansand,
Norway; the gas works in Asbjerg,
Denmark, where "flames covered the
whole area."
Loans For China

ReceiveApproval
WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. -(-a)-
Secretaries Hull and Morgenthau re-
ceived a vote of confidence from the
Senate Banking and House Coinage
committees today for the proposal to
give Chiang Kai-Shek's Chinese gov-
ernment $100,000,000 in credits to
help finance its war against Japan.
Eighteen legislators from the two

RICHARD BONELLI
Choral Union
Will Present
Bonelli Today
The University Musical Society will
present Richard Bonelli, leading bar-
itone of the Metropolitan Opera Com-
pany,in the fifth Choral Union con-
cert at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill Audi-
torium.
Bonelli, American born singer who
is well-known throughout the world
for his operatic interpretations, will
offer the following program: Aria
"Deh, vieni," from "Don Giovanni"
by Mozart; "La Partorella," by Schu-
bert; "La Tarantalla" by Rossini;
"Les Berceaux" by Faure; "La Man-
dolin," by Debussy; and "An Old
Song Resung" by Griffes.
He will also sing "Bird of the Wild-
erness" by Horsman; "Vision Fugi-
tive" from "Herodiade" by Massenet;
"Stille Thranen" and "Auftrage" by
Schumann; Aria "Tanzlied des Pier-
rot" from "Die Todte Stadt" by Korn-
gold; "Winterliebe" by Strauss; "The
Donkey" by Hageman; "Gifts" by
Alec Templeton; "Kitty, My Love,"
arranged by Hughes; and "Stampede"
by Ernest Charles..
Bonelli is a University of Syracuse
graduate. Although he intended to
enter a career in applied science, he
was encouraged by music critics to
continue his voice training and thus
traveled to Paris after his graduation
to study under the European masters.
He is active in opera, on the concert
stage, and in radio.
Dr. Greene To Give
Marriage Lecture
Dr. Katherine Greene will deliver
the sixth supplementary lecture of
the Course in Marriage Relations at
7:30 p.m. today in the Women's
Lounge of the Rackham Building.
The lecture and discussion that will
follow will consider problems and
questions related to recreation in the
family. The general public is invited
to attend.
The supplementary lectures are de-
signed to expand the scope of the
regular series of marriage lectures.
A discussion of the Law of Domestic
Relations will be led by Prof. Mar-
vin L. Niehuss of the Law School at
the final supplementary lecture on
Thursday evening.

By KIRKE L. SIMPSON
(Associated Press Staff Writer)
German concern over internal con-
ditions in Rumania is too clearly in-
dica'ted now for much doubt to exist
that Berlin sees possibilities of a ser-
ious menace to the Nazi war effort.
Assured order in Rumania under a
Nazi dominated regime is a prime
requisite for Germany. Hitler's strat-
egy in the Balkans has centered on
protection of his vital supply depots
in Rumania.
How big a conflagration in that
country has been touched off by the
blood purge of the Green Shirt Pro-
Nazi extremists remains to be seen. It
seems clear, however, that Berlin can-
not contemplate a march to aid Italy
against the Greeks until the storm in
Rumania has been definitely stilled.
Germany has too much at stake there
to take risks.
Rumanian public opinion has had
little chance to show itself since that
country became a helpless pawn in
the European war. Factional leaders
have come and gone at Bucharest
without even a shadow of popular
support for their policies and acts.
The parade of a motorized Nazi di-
vision Through the streets of Buch-
arest "with King Mihai bringing up
the rear" afforded a test to some ex-
tent of Rumanian ibublic feeling to-
ward the Germans. It was intended
to oveawe all factions and avert a
German resort to arms to maintain
order.
Neutral observers report that Hit-
ler's war chariots rumbled through
the streets of the capital amid an
apathetic if not a definitely hostile
silence. The cheers were reserved for
the boy king.
Berlin would haye Rumanians be-
lieve that Nazi troops are stationed
in that country only to protect it
Prof. Windt
Chooses Cast
For New Play
Boothe's German Drama,
'Margin For Error',
To Star Arthur Klein
Players in "Margin For Error," to
be performed by Play Production to-
morrow through Saturday, were an-
nounced yesterday by Prof. Valentine
B. Windt, director of the group.
Arthur Klein, Grad, will play
Bauner, the German consul; in para-
llel of the true incident, Norman Ox-
handler, '41, will take the part of
Finklestein, the Jewish policeman
whom Mayor LaGuardia assigns to
guard the consulate. Ada McFarland.
'42, will play Mrs. Baumer.
Other parts will be filled by Wil-
liam Kinzer, '42, William Mills, '41.
Esther Counts, '42, Jack Mitchell, '42,
Neil Smith, '41Ed, and Hugh Norton,
Grad.
Therstory, by Clare Boothe. who
also wrote "The Women," "Kiss the
Boys Goodbye" and a new book "Eur-
opein the Spring," concerns the mur
der of a German consul and the com-
plications arising from the uncertain
international situation.
The significance of the title is:
whether or not the Nazi German gov-
ernment allows a margin for error in
the machinations of its consuls.

from external agression. It seems
clear, however, that the populace of
Bucharest views Hitler's legions as
conquerors, not friends; their own
national leaders as Nazi puppets in
office.
Even passive public resistance to
Germany's will could be a grave mat-
ter for Berlin. With winter at hand,
the flow of Rumanian oil and food-
stuffs into Germany will be handi-
capped. Add to that internal disor-
ders or acts of sabotage and a sub-
stantial portion of Hitler's armies
would be required to keep essential
traffic moving.!
Law Will Give
World Order,
Expert Claims
Prof. Lauterpacht Asserts
' Progressive Peace Plan
NecessaryImmediately
Law, rather than military power,
must be the governing factor of in-
ternational relations of the ideal of
humanity is to be attained, Prof. H.
Lauterpacht, Whewell Professor of
International Law at Cambridge, told
a University lecture audience here
yesterday.
"The idea' that we cannot create
international laws and institutions in
advance of peace is invalid," Pro-
fessor Lauterpacht declared, empha-
sizing the necessity of formulating
a progressive peace plan now while
the war is still active.
He noted that future world peace
must be based on one of two insti-
tutions, an international confedera-
tion similar to the League of Nationst
or a partial federation based on cul-
tural and economic affinity.
Observing that the League is once
more gaining prestige since the war
has started, Professor Lauterpacht
asserted that the League is the abid-
ing ideal of humanity and should not
be judged by its short existence dur-
ing a period of world chaos.
Professor Lauterpacht denied that
the ideal of exclusive international
arbitration or the absence of the
United States caused the failure of
the League.
"Continuity and foresight is sorely
needed in the national foreign poli-
cies of the world's governments," he
asserted, and proposed .education of
he nationalist populations, exten-
3ion of the obligations of League
members, and the maintenance of
an international military force as
possible remedies to the League's
ailure.
Petitioning Deadline
For Frosh, Seniors
Set For Thursday
All petitions for positions on the
Senior Ball and Frosh Frolic dance
committees must be returned to the
Student Offices of the Michigan
Union or League by 5 p.m. Thursday,
Doris Merker, '41, and Ward Quaal,
'41, presidents respectively of the
Women's and Men's Judiciary Coun-
cils reminded all prospective candi-
dates yesterday.
Petitions must be accompanied by
the signatures of twenty-five mem-
bers of the petitioner's class and
school and his eligibility card. Ques-
tionaires, designed to help the Judi-
ciary Councils determine the candi-
dates qualifications, must also be re-
turned with the petitions, Quaal said.
The election itself w/ill be held on
Wednesday, Dec. 11, balloting to take
place between 10 a.m. and 12 noon
and between 2 p.m. and 5 p.m. The
names of the candidates will not be

announced until the day before elec-
tion.: It is felt that this procedure
will eliminate the cost of conducting
an extensive campaign and thus make
the elections fairer to all candidates
involved, Quaal explained.

U.S. Cat Win South America
From Germany, Bryan Says

By BERNARD DOBER
If we in the United States wake
up and forget some of our prejudices
against South American countries, we
can create more friendly relations
with those countries and win them
away from Hitler, Julien Bryan told
the audience last night in Hill Audi-
torium.
Bryan, speaking as the fifth lectur-
er in the Oratorical Association Lec-
ture Series, showed his documentary
films on "Brazil" which he had tak-
en during a two month visit to the
South American country in the past
fall.
If England goes down to defeat be-
fore the Nazi war machine, Bryan de-
clared, in no less than six months
we can look to see the Nazis com-
pletely dominate all of South Amer-
ica. To prevent this, he said, we must
give aid to Britain, our first line- of
defense, that we may have time to
build our own defenses and cement
our friendship with the South Amer-
ican continent.
Because of the fine work by the
President, by Secretary of State Hull
Pinney Heads
Cast Of Union
Opera Revue
Who said Horatio Alger is a myth?
From soda-jerker to revue star.
That's the story of Chan Pinney, '41,
who plays the leadingnrole in the
Union Opera production, "Take A
Number," which opens at Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre on Dec. 11 and con-
tinues through the 14th.
Pinney concocts sodas at the Union
Tap-Room for a living, making love
to the heroine of the Opera, Jim Bob
Stephenson on the side. Pinney, as
Tuck, and Stephenson as Gwen, help
President Tom Barnum (Ed Sullivan,
'41) keep Butternut University off the
financial rocks.
Charles Heinen, '41E, who usually
divides his time between the slide-
rule and keeping track' of Union ac-
tivities as Secretary of that venerable
organization, takes the part of Eli-
jah Cupcake, a grouchy, prudish,
multi-millionaire of eighty years and
upward who refuses to subsidize near
bankrupt Butternut U. because the
students play basketball in shorts and
dance cheek to cheek.
George Heller, '42, plays the part
of the villainous Sandra Van Arbor,
who, aided by Dick Strain, '42, Bob
Lewis, '42, and John Sinclaire, '41,
as the law firm of Sheyster, Peyster
and Jones, trys foul play with our
hero. And among those lined up on
one side or other of the inevitable
conflict that all "true melodrama"
thrives on, are Bill Todd, '42, as Pris-
cilla; Jerry Brenner, '42, as Frank;
Jim Gormsen, '41, as Mrs. Lancaster
and Charles Holton, '42, as Jill.

and by the "good-neighbor policy,"
Bryan stated, the South American
countries are beginning to think the
United States means business. Never
has the United States had such an
opportunity to win the countries
away from the dictators, but we need
speed and agressiveness in all our
relations. '
We must remember that the Bra-
zilians have their own culture and
that they are proud people, Bryan
pointed out, and we don't help them
feel any friendlier toward the United
States by sending "cocky, stupid, pro-
vincial" American tourists to their
country.
American business concerns don't
help create any better feeling between
our nations, he illustrated, by writing
to Brazilian firms in Spanish when
the national language is Portugese.
The films Bryan showed, which in-
cluded the "42,000,000 people of Bra-
zil" as memberg of the cast, intended
to illustrate the progress Brazil is
making in industry, in education and
in public health.
Though the country is still sadly
deficient in meeting the demand for
these things, Bryan said, they aare
doing wonderful work. With the aid
of money from the United States,
Brazil could do a lot to meet the
shortage of medical supplies and edu-
cational facilities.
One of the best methods of cre-
ating good-will between our countries,
Bryan pointed out, is to send young
college men and women as exchange
students to South America and ask
South American students to come
here.
Debate Squad
Meets Illinois
Men's Team Will Argue
Goviernmnent Question
The Varsity Men's Debate Squad
will meet two Illinois Wesleyan teams
at 10 a.m. today on the question,
"Resolved: That the powers of the
federal government should be in-
creased."
Matthew Zipple, '42Ed, and Merle
Webb, '42, will uphold the affirmative
of the proposition in Room 4203 An-
gell Hall and Thomas Dalrymple, '43,
and Chester Myslicki, '42, will com-
prise the negative team debating the
Illinois Wesleyan afirmative in Room
4003 Angell Hall.t
A two-man team composed of Phil-
lip Levy, '43, and William Halliday,
'43, will meet a University of Indiana
team at 7:30 p.m. Thursday in the
North Lounge of the Union. They will
uphold the negative of the proposi-
tion, "Resolved: That the powers of
the federal government will be de-
creased.
John Huston, '41, and Arthur Big-
gins, '42, will comprise the team
which is going to Purdue.

Estimated 60,000 To Join
Men Already Stationed
In 'Disorderly Kingdom'
Great Britain, Spain
Sign Economic Pact
(By The Associated Press)
MAROS VASARHELY (Targul
Mures), Hungary, at the Rumanian
border, Dec. 2-Troop trains bear-
ing four fresh German divisions to
Rumania sped through Hungary to-
day under circumstances suggesting
that Germany was preparing to halt
the disorders sweeping parts of that
country unless the Rumanians them-
selves acted effectively.
These' Nazi fighting men, number-
ing perhaps 60,000-entered Hungary
by way of Slovaltia. They will supple-
ment heavy German forces already
quartered in Rumania and guarding
the Rumanian pipelines and oil fields
which are so vital to the German
war machine, (These forces have
been estimated as high as 500,000.)
Germans Parade
A German motorized division pa-
raded today through Bucharest
streets, with young King Mihai of
Rumania following.
Over the stand from which Prem-
ier Ion Antonescu, Iron Guard Chief-
tain Horia Sima and German Gen-
erals reviewed the parade there swept
more than 50 German warplanes in
show maneuvers.
The.people of the city stood silently
before the German companies, but
cheered loudly when the King's auto-
mobile passed.
To this frontier watching post
came reports that the Iron Guard-
whose bloody revenge upon the old
school politicians of the deposed King
Carol's regime had precipitated the
country's current crisis was itself
now split into three factions.
Sima Supported
One faction was understood to be
supporting Horia Sima, who has
called for discipline. Another was
said to be following Ion Codreanu,
father of the slain founder of the
guard for whose death 'in Carol's
regime so much avenging blood-let-
ting already has occurred.
The third faction, and vastly the
largest, was reported simply out of
control looting and paying off per-
sonal scores under the present pro-
tection of the Green Shirt.
The Rumanian Army itself was
pictured as indecisive.
Britain To 'Unfreeze'
Blocked Spanish Fund
MADRID, Dec. 2-(RP)-Great Bri-
tain and neutral Spain signed an
agreement today designe~d to "un-
freeze" Spanish funds blocked in
London and finance increased pur-
chases of British products by Gen-
eralissimo Francisco Franco's gov-
ernment.
The accord was signed in a noon
ceremony by Spanish Foreign Minis-
ter Ramon Serrano Suner and British
Ambassador Sir Samuel Hoare fol-
lowing conclusion of negotiations here
among British and Spanish finan-
cial authorities.
An official announcement said the
agreement established a "special ac-
count system" covering payments be-
tween the two countries, except those
falling within the scope of the Brit-
ish Spanish clearing accord reached
March 18.
Today's agreement was considered
especially significant in view of
Spain's uncertain position in warring
Europe. Although Spain was declared
to have cast her lot "spiritually" with
the Rome-Berlin Axis after Serrano
Suner's recent visit to Rome and Ber-
lin and Franco's Oct. 23 meeting with
Adolf Hitler, she still has not formally
aligned herself with the Axis.

rMickle Will Speak
At Sigma Rho Tau
Prof. Frank Mickle of the mechan-

Forces Southeast To' Halt
Rumanian Internal Strife

New Airport Would Provide,
Commercial Stop, Dixon Says

i

Remer

Sees

Credit Extension

By WILLIAM BAKER
If adequate transport facilities are
provided, there are excellent possi-
bilities that American Airlines will
make Ann Arbor a regular commer-
cial stop, Dr. C. Merle Dixon, head
of the airport committee of the Junior
Chamber of Commerce said in an in-
terview yesterday.
Negotiations to make Ann Arbor
a regular transport stop have been
undertaken with Charles A. Rheim-
strom, and Frank W. Burg, district
sales manager of American Airlines,
he explained.
I understand, Dr. Dixon added,
that the company still has mail con-
tracts through here, and if the pro-
posal for an improved and enlarged
airport should go through, they will
probably have to make Ann Arbor a
regular stop.

According to Dr. Dixon, the Civil
Pilots' Training program would un-
doubtedly be increased here, if bet-
ter facilities were provided. It is now
greatly hampered by poor facilities,
he said, and some students who have
passed physical and other examina-
tions for the course have been turned
down because of this condition.
If a larger airport is provided, many
more industries would be willing to
build in Ann Arbor, he conjectured.
A number of industries have already
been contacted to locate near the
site of the proposed new airport.
"If the site for the field is ap-
proved by the Civil Aeronautics Au-
thority, and if the municipalities can
raise their proportion of the necessary
funds, we feel reasonably assured
that the government will put in the
remaining sum. rovided. of course.

To China As Rebuff To Japan

In the opinion of Prof. Charles F.
Remer of the economics departmen\
the Roosevelt Administration has
forcefully answered the Japanese rec-
ognition of the Wang Ching-Wei
regime, by extending credits to the
Chinese government of Chiang Kai-
Shek.
Professor Remer pointed out that
this interpretation for extending the
credits seeihed especially valid when
the specific clauses of the so-called
"peace" treaty between Japan and
Wang Cing-Wei are examined, par-I
ticularly the provision which warns
the United States and Britain that
they must adjust themselves to the
"New Order" in the Far East.
"The Chinese gains from this new

merchants who are trading in Chi-
nese goods will avoid the problems'
which would grow out of Japanese
control of the dollar," he asserted.
"And the United States needs the
raw materials which will be sent in
return for the credits. Wood oil and
tungsten will be found to be especially
valuable," he said.
Professor Remer predicted 'hat the.
recent extension of credits coupled
with the twenty million granted by
the U. S. last February will be enough
to make a real difference to the
Chinese. "But if we are to support the
Chiang Kai-Shek government effec-
tively, we must continually strive
to broaden our policy of aid," he con-

n.111.1 1) n/"F%/n

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