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December 01, 1940 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1940-12-01

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nD&Y, oCMrUnnER . 19

Benito Mussolini
On The Spot





What Further Aid
To England


A Change In B
Most significant last week to An-
glo-conscious U. S. citizens was the
sudden reversal in British propagan-
da methods, both for home and for-
eign consumption.
King George and all-powerful Win-
ston Churchill set the pace; British
Ambassador to Washington, Mar-
quess of Lothian arrived in New York
early last week, translated the sad
tidings for U. S. ears.
Though apparently losing ground
to the Axis in all sectors, Britain had
long maintained a battle-scarred but
cheery victory-confident outlook.
Scoffing as Nazidom's miltary might,
Boss Churchill pointed proudly to air,
sea defenses, minimized and sugar-
coated crucial losses, harped con-
tinually" on minor British successes.,
British Overtures
To friendly . U. S., Lothian and
others boasted confidence of success,
asking only for release of over-age
destroyers, a ,cut on American pro-
duction via the cash-and-carry plan.
Last week, however, King George's
routine pep-talk to Parliament might
best have been presented to the tune
of a funeral dirge. Usually-confident
Churchill saw victory only in the dis-
tant future.
At New York, Lord Lothian admit-
ted to the American public for the
first time that England was near the
limit of its fiscal resources, adding

ritish Strategy
the "Mare Nostrum" was beginning to
hurt more than Mussolini's pride.
With the un-seaworthy Italians
still jittery over Taranto, the jubilant
but precise Royal Navy struck again,
this time off the coast of Sardinia.
not far from England's island fortress
of Malta. First reports from London
and Rome were traditionally con-
tradictory, but neutral observers were
inclined to give Britain the edge.
No Route To Africa
Further news from London gave a
new slant on the Battle of Sardinia
late last week. Cut short, Britons
boasted, was an attempt by Italy to
establish new lines of communications
withFascist African forces. The pres-
ence of the large Italian fleet off Sar-
dinia was explained by London as
a Fascist drive to aid her Libyan
Fresh and jubilant over the now-
confirmed capture of vital Italo-Al-
banian Corizza, mud-spattered, be-
kilted Greek evzones continued their
inspired march on Italy's Albanian
Capture of Corizza Confirmed
With Corizza tucked under the
Grecian belt, the surprise army of the
year turned its attention toward Al-
bania's large southernmost port, Por-
to Edda. Retreat-wise Fascist troops
saw the import of the Greek strategy,
and were reported preparing to head
northward, possibly as far as Tirana
to reorganize, plan a more success-
ful offensive.
With ample RAF backing, Porto
Edda was conceded to be easy meat
for the inspired, crafty Athenians.
With proper strategy, the Grecians
could cut Mussolini's Albanian forces
off from their supply ports, then take
over piecemeal. Greece had opened
with a haymaker, but the Italian chin
was far from broken. Much depended
upon Britain, Germany and Turkey.
The Italian Setbacks
Nor was Il Duce's only worry with
his Albanian forces, his African ex-
peditions or even his safety-seeking
navy. More crucial and nearer home
were low, but persistent rumblings
among war-sapped and hungry Fas-
cists The British blockade was begin-
ning to pinch, and there were no
glowing victories for compensation:
wise Italians only saw more and more
troops file aboard hell-bound trans-
port ships, saw bambinos crying for
food where food was scarce, heard
only hollow-sounding, defeat-cover-
ing boasts of minor victories, while
to the North, proud, successful Axis-
partner Germany toyed with the idea
of aid to Italy.
- Karl Kessler

The Axis Rescue Party Hits R Snag
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Axis-Father Hitler's dramatic drive through the Balkans to aid be-
leaguered Mus.;solini was halted as dramatically last week as it had be-
gun the weck before. Quick to sign up on Hitler's team were Nazi-
controlled Hungary and Rumania; then suddenly the best laid plans of
Axis mice and men went astray. Bulgaria refused to play ball accord-
ing to the rules.
Russo-friendly Bulgaria decided to stall for time. Not altogether
anti-fascist was crafty, playful King Boris, but the vision of green-shirted
hordes turning his agrarian kingdom into a battlefield sounded like no
picnic. Not strong enough alone to buck the Nazi tide, King Boris tossed
his hot potato into his friend Stalin's lap, told Adolf that he was sym-
pathetic to the New Order, but would not officially tie in with the Axis
until Russia declared herself.
No fool wa, Boris, for he well knew that relations between Adolf and
Joseph were but temporarily on a friendly basis, but der Fuehrer was
in no mood to pick a. fight with his northern neighbor at the present.
While Bulgaria balked, her neighbor Yugoslavia continued to keep
her ominous silence and Turkey leaned heavily toward Britain again.
Belgrade was no doubt tickled by her arch-foe Italy's set-backs on all
fronts, while Russo-conscious Turkey rattled her sabres, backed firmly
against the Northern Bear, confident that Joseph was not yet ready to
sell out the Dardanelles to a potential enemy.
If Hitler can squeeze through to Greece, it will mean that sea-port
hungry Russia will be virtually cut off from the Mediterranean and
virtually at the mercy of Germany to the north, west and south.




U.S. Hears A 'Cry For Help

Lord Lothian, British Ambassador,
-eturned to Washington last week
needing a haircut for himself and
"financial aid in 1941" for England.
That lie would get both here-and
fairly soon-no one could doubt. De-
spite the labeling in England of Lord
Lothian's remark as an "extraordi-
nary diplomatic blunder," despite
the authoritative British Press Asso-
iation's contention that the Ambas-
:ador meant only that British dollar
resources, rather than financial re-
sources generally were running low,
detspite German press derision that
the British "cry for help" was an un-
truth "based on a desire to get at
American money-bags," the only
question in the minds of most here
was: what financial form is "all aid
short of war" to take in Administra-
tion circles?
Whatever the form, not even Eng-
land could hope that it would be
drawn up at this session of Con-
gress. Lothian's claim that he had not
discussed finances with the president
lent support to the belief that the
latter did not intend recommending
any legislation before Jan. 3, perhaps
not before next spring. And Congress
proved loath to consider the subject
without Executive sanction: the Sen-
ate Foreign Relations Committee vot-
ed unanimously to defer considera-
tion of the matter until the next ses-
sion. What would happen then, no-
body was willing to say. Pro-British
circles were envisioning the repeal of
the Johnson Act (Sen. Johnson said
that he would fight till the last ditch
against repeal) which prohibits loans
to World War debtor nations, includ-
ing England, that defaulted and the
relaxing of the Neutrality Act, bar-
ring credits to belligerents, to the

extent necessary to allow financial
assistance to the British. Anothert
possibility: the transfer of British
Caribbean Islands to the U. S. as de-
f-nse bulwarks in return for needed
var materials.
If some people began to feel un-
asy here last week-and a recent
:allup Poll showed that 50 per cent
t least still believed that it is "more
nportant" for the U. S. to keep out
of the war-they had some jusifi-
cation: at least one syndicated col-
imn pointed out that "the situation
. . . today is almost identical with
that on the eve of American entrance
into the first World War, as far as
loans to Great Britain is concerned."
In Congress
With no controversial issue to
plague for the moment, Congress
Burned to several knotty domestic
problems. In the Senate a coalition
of 19 Democrats, 17 Republicans by
a two-vote margin succeeded in pass-
I. I

ing the House-approved Logan-Walt-
er Bill, returned it to the House with
restrictive amendments. The actson
ended a two-year attempt by Admin-
istration forces to reject the bill
whi'ch subjects rules and regulations
of administrative agencies- -N'.RLB,
SEC, etc-to judicial review. These
forces, however, were confident th.at
in veiw of the slim margin of approval
in the Senate, the bill would never
be passed over the assured emphatic
veto of President Roosevelt. The
House was expected to approve the
amendments when it takes up their
consideration again tomorrow.
The House was also expected to
consider the delicate piroblem of
strikes in defense industries. ep.
Smith, chairnian of the committee
investigating the NRLB, introduced
a bill providing penalties up to life
imprisonment for persons convicted
of sabotage, requiring a 30-day notice
to employers and to the Secretary
of Labor of Labor's intention to strike
in those industries,
If there was any outright labor pro-
test coming, it was still being planned
last week. Earlier, AFL President
Greece, in an interview, had declared
that no strike "for any reason" could
be permitted in national defense in-
dustries. At AFL's annual conven-
tion later, however, resolutions were
adopted warning that the group
would not allow U. S. democracy to
be transformed into a "dictatorship"
through efforts to strip labor of its
legislative gains. The day after Mich-
igan's Rep. Hoffman denounced la-
bor union demands for larger initia-
tion fees from workers entering can-
tonment building jobs, the Hod Car-
riers' Union, an AFL group, cut its
fees from $50 to $25.
- Milton Orshefsky



In a letter turned up by the
Smith Committee investigating the
NLRB, J. Edgar Hoover (head of
the FBI), suggested that J. War-
ren Madden, former Chairman of
the NLRB Board, take "whatever
action you deem appropriate
against Grant Cannon" (Board's
field-examiner in St. Louis). Mr.
Cannon. Mr. Hoover wrote, "is
known to have radical tendencies
leading towards Communism," and
"has studied anthropology."
PM, Friday, Nov. 29

BENITO . . . . no gain yet
frankly, that only with ever-increased
U. S. aid could she continue to buck
the Axis juggernaut. (See column 4).
Background for British pessimism
was the piecemeal destruction of vit-
al industrial centers by the hard-hit-
ting, incalculable German Luftwaffe.
The new order in Germany's air of-
fensive, which started a fortnight ago
with the destruction of Coventry,
continued to harass England's pro-
vincial and industrial centers. Goer-
ing's stategy was simple, but hard to
stop. While a handful of high-fly-
ing bombers kept the RAF busy over
London, waves of bomb-laden squad-
rons raced toward smaller industrial
centers, disgorged, and vanished in-
s to the night before British intercep-
tors could muster their strength.
As counter-measure, the Air-Min-
istry announced the development of
a new type of night fighter, admit-
ted reluctantly, however, that pro-
duction would not be forthcoming for
a good long time.
Navy Sweeps Mediterranean
Lone bright star on the somber Bri-
tish horizon was the Royal Navy's
sweep of the Mediterranean. A con-
certed sea and air offensive, which
lead off a fortnight ago with the bom-
bardment of Taranto, the battle of
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December 1, 1940
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Chef's Salad Bowl
Toasted Cheese Sandwich
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Chicken Tetrazzini in Casserole
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Plum Pudding or Cherry Pie
Roast Leg of Lamb, Mint Jelly
Mashed Potatoes
Baby Green Lima Beans
Cocoanut Cream Pie
or Strawberry Sundae
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