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December 01, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-12-01

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'Wegsn-ather
Light snows colder.

C, r

Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication

Iit

Editorial
CtOj atiulatlo Ii-,
To Caanc

VOL. LI. No. 54 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1940 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

President To Seek

His Legions 'Invaded' Greece

New

Tax Revenue

Roosevelt Extends Credit
To Chinese Government;
Bessarabia Begins Revolt

For Defense Costs

White House Conference
Eliminates Possibilities
Of General Sales Tax
Congress To Take
Action On Request
WASHINGTON, Nov. 30--(P)-
President Roosevelt was represented
today as desiring a tax program in
the new Congress which would pro-
vide sufficient revenues to meet rou-
tine peacetime expenditures, plus in-
stallments payments on edtraord-
inary defense outlays.
This broad objective was reported
to have been laid down by the Pres-
ident to Congressional and Treasury
fiscal experts at a White House con-
ference last night on the government's
finances.
Two Conclusions
The conference did arrive at two
definite conclusions-that there
should be no retroactive taxation on
1940 income individuals or corpora-
tions, and that there should be no
general sales tax.
In substance, the President's gen-
eral view of fiscal policies was said to
be this:
He would trim non-military expen-
ditures to bare essentials in the new
budget, leaving it up to Congress to
determine whether it would stay
within his estirpates.
Extraordinary defense spending
probably would have to be financed
through additional Treasury borrow-
ing, with an attendant increase in
the present $49,000,000,000 debt limit.
When March 15 income tax re-
turns are tabulated along with the
January returns from corporations,
definite information would be avail-
able on revenues from present taxes.
Estimates could not be made on pros-
pective income for the next year.
Congress Considers Budget
Congress then would know how
much, if any, additional revenue
would be required to balance the or-
dinary budget. In the light of these
facts, it would consider the question
of raising sufficient revenues to meet
not only these ordinary expenses but
to amortize the extraodinary defense
delays over a period of futire years.
Meanwhile, Congressional circles
also discussed the granting of credits
to China. Developments which con-
cerned the Congressmen included:
First, Secretary of State Hull said
at his press conference that of course
the United States continued to rec-
ognize Chiang Kai-Shek's Chung
king administration as the govern-
ment of China.
FDR Announces Credit
Secondly, President Roosevelt an-
nounced that two $50,000,000 credits
to Chungking were "contemplated."
One, made by the Export-Import
Bank and to be repaid in shipments of
strategic materials, will be for Chiang
Kai-Shek's administration's "general
purposes" such as keeping its army
of 2,500,000 in the field.
The other allocation will be from
the Treasury's $2,000,000,000 stabiliz-
ing fund. The President said this sum
was "for purposes of monetary protec-
tion and management as between
American and Chinese currencies."
Presumably, it will be used to bolster
the sagging Chinese currency.
Keniston To Speak
To Foreign Group
Prof. Hayward Keniston, chairman
of the romance languages. depart-
ment will address the regular Sun-
day evening supper group of the In-
ternational Center on "Cultural Re-
lations between the United States i
and Hispanic America" at 7 p.m. to-
day.

Foreign students from Latin Ameri-
can countries have been especially in-
vited to attend the meeting open to
all students and faculty, Prof. Ra-
leigh Nelson announced.
Professor Keniston will describe
particularly the recent efforts for the
formation of cultural bonds in the
Western Hemisphere.

Sextet Drops
Opener, 7-5;
Ross Injured
By ART HILL
The loss of Capt. Charley Ross lr e
n the third period of last nigh.
iockey game with London A.C. at ti
~oliseum proved to be too big a hand
cap for the Michigan puck squad an'
-he came out on the short end of
7-5 score.
Ross, who received a bad gash in
:is right cheek from the stick of Pat
Barrett, London defense man, was re-
moved from the game with five min-
utes of play remaining in the third
period. The score was tied at the
time at 4-4 and, although Michigan
allied once after Charley left, the
Londoners tied it again and the game
went into overtime.
In the extra period, the Michigan
defense, weakened by the loss of their
hard-checking leader, couldn't stop
the Canadians fom pushing a pair of
tallies past goalie Hank Loud to cinch
the victory.
Michigan started out slowly. and
the game was barely five minutes old
when Ken McFadden, London wing-
man, fired a long shot past Loud to
put the visitors in the lead.
A few minutes later, Stan Butler,
veteran center for the visitors, took
a pass from Ed Southern and fired
the puck into the net to make the
score 2-0.
With two minutes to play, Ron
Sutherland, London wing, left the
ice on a tripping penalty and Michi-
gan powered, Gil Samuelson scoring
on a pass from Bob Collins.
The second period opened with
Michigan trailing by a. single goal
and after thirteen minutes of score-
less play, Bert Stodden picked up a
loose puck behind the London goal
and fired it out in front of the net
(Continued on Page 3)
Band To Hold
Annual DinnerI

Julien Bryan Will Show Film
On 'Brazil' At Lecture Tuesday

Benito Mussolini (center) strides along with Fascist Secretary Ettore
Buti (left) and Marshal Pietro Badoglio just before the recent Greek
communique announcing the destruction of an Italian submarine by the
British-built "Aetos." According to the communique, the Fascist sub-
marine attempted to attack a convoy.

Board Refuses
To Take Stand
On Rose Bowl
Largest Stadium Bond
Retirement-In-History
Due To Football Gate
With a majority of Big Ten schools,
apparently opposed to participation
by Western Conference football teams
in the Tournament of Roses game,
the Board in Control of Physical Ed-
ucation yesterday withheld its opin-
ion on the proposal, which may be
voted upon at a Big Ten meeting the
coming week-end.
"There doesn't seem to be any point
for us to go on record on this matter,"
Prof. Ralph Aigler, chairman of the
board, stated after the meeting. "Five
schools have expressed themselves
openly against the proposal and
there's some question whether it will
come up for consideration."
Professor Aigler listed the dissent-
ing schools as Minnesota, Wisconsin,
Northwestern, Illinois and Purdue.
Michigan is believed to look favor-
ably upon an annual game between
the champion elevens of the Western
and Pacific Coast conferences.
A $150,000 bond retirement was
voted by the board at yesterday's
(Continued on Page 2)
Money orders for tickets to the
Union Opera "Take A Number,"
which will commence a four-
day run on Dec. 11, will be ac-
cepted Monday at the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. All money or-
ders must be accompanied by
E elf-addressed envelopes. Prices of
the tickets are $1.00 and 75 cents.

Revelli,
Will

Kunz, .-Watkins
Be Speakers

In celebration of the completion
of a successful football season to
which they have contributed, the 135
members of thetUniversity Marching
Band will hold their annual wind-up
banquet at 6 p.m. today in the Union.
Prof. John Brumm of the journa-
lism department, will serve as toast-
master at the banquet which will be
followed by a smoker. Scheduled to
speak here are Prof. William D. Re-
velli, conductor of the band, Lt. Col.
Robert Kunz, drillmaster, and Her-
bert G. Watkins, faculty manager.
Earnest B. McCoy, assistant foot-
ball coach, will show movies of the
Ohio State-Michigan football game
and provide a commentary on the
technicalities of the plays. Pictures of
the band's formations at all other
games during the season will also be
shown.

Future Housing
Problem Is Seen
In Detroit Area
Well-Planned Community
Would Facilitate Slum
Elimination, Ditchy Says
Over 100,000 additional workers
are likely to be needed in the Detroit
area as a result of the defense pro-
gram and will create an enormous
housing problem, John L. Lovett, gen-
eral manager of the Michigan Manu-
facturers Association, told members
of the Conference on the Expansion
of Industrial Communities at its last
day of sessions here yesterday.
Observing that the number of un-
trained, unemployed and the increase
in army enrollment will produce an
influx of industrial labor in Detroit,
Lovett declared that industry and
city governments are both generally
to blame for blighted residential
areas.
Industry Too Busy
"The managements of industry too
are too busy to concern themselves
with the problems of the cities and
communities in which they live. It
is not that they cannot be interested
in these problems. It is that no one
makes it his business to interest
them."
Clair Ditchy, regional director of
the American Institute of Architects,
stated to the Conference, "From an
economic standpoint enhancement of
the capital investment by intelligent
planning cannot be disregarded.
. Would Awaken Public
"From a social standpoint such well
planned and constructed communi-
ties would do much to awaken public
consciousness to the feasibility of
avoidance as well as the elimination
of slums and blighted areas."
George Edwards of Detroit told the
conference that government plan-
ning is not enough, that private work
of the same type is just as important.
lHe cited examples of communities in
which a strict building code prevails
within city limits, but clusters of
jerry-built shacks grow up on the
outskirts.
x f
A

Julien Bryan, ace free-lance pho-}
tographer, will show his documentary
film on "Brazil" when he appears at
8:15 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Auditori-
um as the fifth Oratorical Association
lecturer.
This is the latest of Bryan's films
finished this fall. In his lecture and
picture he will portray the factors in
the social, economic, and political
developments in this South American
country. He will also interpret those
factors which are pertinent to our
relationship with this country and
Choral Union
Brings Bonelli
Here Tuesday
Richard Bonelli, leading baritone
of the Metropolitan Opera Company,
wi: ling at the Choral Union's fifth
concert of the season at 8:30 p.m.
Tuesday in Hill Auditorium.
Sponsored by the University Musi-
cal Society, the program will consist
of operatic and classical numbers. A
few tickets may still be had, priced
at $1, $1.50, $2 and $2.50, at the so-
ciety's offices in Burton Tower, or af-
ter 7 p.m. on the day of the concert
at Hill Auditorium box-office.
Not only has Bonelli sung on the
opera stage for the Metropolitan and
Chicago Civic Opera companies, but.
also throughout Europe in the leading
opera groups, and on the radio and
concert stages in America. His tour
of the country this season is the most
extensive he has undertaken.
American-born, the singer has had
most of his training under European
masters.
Legislation Eases
Debt Installment
WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. -(R)-
Finland will take advantage of legis-
lation permitting adjustment of her
debt installment due the United States
on Dec. 15.
The installment amounts to $235,-
398, but under a Congressional reso-
lution during the Finnish-Russian
conflict may be spread over a period
of 10 years.
Hialmar J. Procope, Finnish min-
ister, advised Secretary of State Hull
that his country, which has met all
installments since obtaining an $8,-
281,926 loan in 1923, has "the firm
intention and desire" to "maintain
her credit record."

the South American continent as a
whcle.
His wide and varied travels and
the pictures he has been able to take
probably make him one of the best
qualified cameramen to probe into
the affairs and events of Brazil. Bry-
an has been in Nazi Germany, War-
saw, Turkey and Finland as well as
in many other countries. His pic-
tures of "The Siege of Warsaw" made
him "top man" in his field of journal-
ism.
Bryan was the only correspondent
and photographer who remained in
Warsaw during the siege from Sept.
7-21, 1939. He lived the story of the
heroic defense and the devastating
bombardment of Warsaw, later slip-
ping through the Nazi army line with
articles, motion pictures and still
photographs of this destruction which
appeared in a national newspaper
syndicate and important magazines.
Advance reports from other cities
in which Bryan has appeared indi-
cate that the public has become
more familiar with this new type of
pictorial reporting" as opposed to
mere travelogues.
Prof. Robert Hall, of the geogra-
phy department, will introduce Bryan
tomorrow night. Tickets for the lec-
ture may be purchased all day Mon-
day in the Box Office at Hill Audi-
torium, which will open at 10 a.m.
Pianist To Play
In 2nd Concert
Beethoven's 3rd Concerto
To Be Presented Today
Ava Comin Case, pianist, of the
School of Music, will join with the
University Symphony Orchestra at
4:15 today in Hill Auditorium in a
presentation of Beethoven's "Con-
certo No. 3 in C minor for Piano and
Orchestra."
The Concerto, which will feature
the Orchestra's second concert of the
year, was written in 1803 and received
its initial performance in Vienna with
Beethoven himself at the piano.
Under the direction of Prof. Thor
Johnson of the School of Music, the
Orchestra will open its program with
the Overture to the Opera "The Ma-
gic Flute" by Mozart and will continue
with "The Walk to the Paradise Gar-
den" by Delius and selections from
the "Damnation of Faust" by Ber-
lioz.
At 4:15 Wednesday in Hill Audi-
torium Prof. Palmer Christian will
present an organ recital consisting
mainly of little known Christmas
songs.

King Mihai Flees Capital;
100,000 Iron Guardists
Attend Martyr's Rites
Camacho uaugural
To Be Held Today
(By The Associated Press)
President Roosevelt had good news
for the Chinese government of Gen-
eralissimo Chiang Kai-Shek yester-
day-assurance that the Chinese,
fighting the Japanese invaders, wold
be granted $100,000,000 in United
States credit.
The announcement followed by a
few hours the signing of a peace pact
between Japan and the Nanking gov-
ernment, which it endorsed, pro-
claiming an end to the 40 months
of undeclared war raging in China
and marking the beginning of a new
military and economic cooperation
between Japan and the Wang Ching-
Wei regime.
Guards Commit Suicide
On the other side of the world, a
diplomatic dispatch received in Buch-
arest, Rumania, said revolution had
broken out in Bessarabia, Rumanian
territory taken over by Soviet Russia
last summer.
Guardistswho participated in the
Jilava Prison assassinations of 64 men
high in King Carol's regime were re-
ported to have committed suicide.
If so, it was a strange ending to
a day of grim solemnity in Bucharest.
King Mihai, who succeeded his father
when Carol abdicated in September,
was reported to have fled from the
capital and 100,000 Iron Guardists
were marking the anniversary of the
slaying of their founder, Corneliu Zel-
ia Codreanu, two years ago,by-parad--
ing his bones in the gold cofin through
the streets.
Both Adolf Hitler and Premier
Mussolini were represented in the
funeral procession, which was led by
Premier Gen. Ion Antonescu and Vice
Premier Horia Sima.
No Near East Coup
The Turkish press, alert like the
government to any changes in the
Balkans, declared that Germany, be-
cause of Russia's interest in the fate
of the Dardanelles and the Slav
countries of Yugoslavia and Bulgaria,
had abandoned any plans for a Bal-
kan and Near East coup.
Greece reported its first naval vic-
tory over Italy-an official announce-
ment that the British-built destroyer
Aetos had sunk an Italian submarine
attempting to raid a convoy.
The High Command meanwhile re-
ported further Greek advances, es-
pecially in the drive north of Konis-
polis toward Porto Edda, major Fas-
cist port of debarkation in Albania.
The Italians claimed their forces
were holding firm against the Greeks,
and Italy's entire 11th army was said
to have been sped across the Adriatic
and thrown into the front lines on
the Albania battlefront in less than
two days, presumably having been
carried by transport planes as well
as ships.
Police Guard Comacho
In Mexico City, soldiers and police
stood guard after military action had
been taken to prevent a rumored plot
to assassinate President-Elect Manuel
Avila Comacho, who is to take of-
fice tomorrow.
Investigation of the rumor result-
ed in the death of Major Guillermo
Garic Gallegos Friday night in a
volley of gunfire when he led a detail
of soldiers in a raid on a meeting
at Communist offices.
Armsand ammunition were seized
in the raid.
Henry A. Wallace, former Secre-
tary of Agriculture and Vice-Presi-
dent-elect of the United States, will
represent this country as special am-
bassador at the inaugural ceremonies.
Friends Will Consider

Adoption Of Hoover Plan
The Hoover Plan to relieve the
food problem of 37,000,000 Euro-
peans will be discussed at a business
meeting of the Ann Arbor Friends at
6 p.m. today in Lane Hall.
At the close of the meeting the
group will vote on whether or not to
aeran+ +he nrinrinlns of wth nra

Dunham Supports Hoover Plan
To Forestall European Famine

Prof. Lauterpacht To Lecture
On Post-War Reconstruction

Prof. H. Lauterpacht is distinctive
in being able to speak on the inter-
national question from the Continen-
tal, the British and the American
viewpoints, having lectured in all
of these areas, Prof. Lawrence Preuss,
University professor in international
law, declared in an interview yester-
day.
Professor Lauterpacht will discuss
"Problems of Post-War International
Reconstruction" in a University lec-
ture, to be held at 4:15 p.m. tomor-
row in the Rackham Lecture Hall
iinrlar t+ea_ nir.PC of t+e Taw ennli

By CHESTER BRADLEY
"If the American people are inter-
ested in helping to prevent the star-
vation of 37,000,000 persons in Europe
this winter, they must support and
put into effect the Hoover plan to al-
leviate suffering there," Prof. Arthur
Dunham of the Social Work Curricu-
lum asserted in an interview yester-
day.
Professor Dunham pointed out that
"the best available evidence indicates
that the populations of Finland, Bel-
gium, Norway, Holland and Central
Poland are menaced by famine this
winter, because their normal imports
of supplies are blocked by the Ger-
man occupation and the British block-
ade."
Professor Dunham believes that
"Mr. Hoover, who probably knows
more about the problem of mass
feeding than any other living person,
has proposed a statesmanlike plan
whichappears to offer the best, if not
the only chance to relieve the suffer-
ings of these millions of people.
"On the basis of the experience in

from Russia and the Balkan states,
to allow free passage of ships without
attack and to permit adequate con-
trol of distribution by .the organiza-
tion so as to enable it to assure that
these guarantees are carried out.
"It would also be necessary for the
British to agree that ships carrying
cargoes solely for food for these peo-
ple should be allowed to pass their
blockade so long as the guarantees
are fulfilled.
"This plan rests upon the self-in-
terest of the belligerent nations. It is
to Germany's interest that these small
nations should not be swept by con-
tagious diseases which will not halt at
the German borders. And it is to
Great Britain's interest to preserve
the strength, the morale and the good
will of the people of these nations."
Professor Dunham recognized that
the major objection that might be
offered to the Hoover plan to feed
the persons in the five small coun-
tries of northern Europe was the pos-
sibility that the Germans might seize
the supplies and divert them to their

Anglo-American schools, having
studied under Hans Kelsen, world's
best known international jurist, and
taught in both continents. His train-
ing in Britain enables him to give the
English aspect in relation to the Con-
tinent, Professor Preuss stated.
"On the subjects which he has writ-
ten, Lauterpacht is more frequently
cited than any other contemporary
writer," he asserted. "His work
shows extensive research and much
individuality of thinking."
Prnf.ccrv,, Cc, n, c 1 +ha i

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