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November 28, 1940 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1940-11-28

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MM""I Rtt ~?(R atuaort or n e :n r fJ tOi W V~ANHA j3 HA.,.
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
Second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41

Hervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldma
Laurence Mascott
Donald Wirtchafter
Esther Osser .
Helen Corman

Editorial Sta
n u
Business Staj

. Managing Editor
City Editor
Associate Editor'
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Sports EditorI
* .Women's Editor
Exchange Editor
Irving Guttman
. Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
. . Jane Krause

Business Manager . .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.
Labor -
In The Crisis .. .
IN THE YEARS 1933-38, a period of
liberal thought and increasing rec-
ognition of the rights of labor to organize and
to strike, efforts were made by all interested in
improving the conditions of working men to pro-
vide a solid basis for keeping their gains inviolate.
The foundations of collective bargaining and
better wages were said by all to be lasting-they
would not perish under any new conditions-
they were among the solid liberal gains made
by the Roosevelt administration. But, today,
under the stress, real and feigned, of the huge
defense program and our new feeling that war
may soon come, those gains of labor are begin-
ning to shake on their foundations.
MANY are the proposals concerned with regu-
lation of trade unions. Everywhere we hear
talk about insuring that labor do its part in the
national crisis. And this part seems to involve
settling for more hours, no strikes, no overtime
premium payments. It is said by many leaders
that there must be no strikes-laws are being
sought to insure this-because such stoppages
of work will hamper the completion of our de-
fenses. Such strikes, it is claimed, show the in-
ability of democracy to function well in a crisis.
One representative from our state-a veteran
opponent of all pro-labor legislation-even stated
in Congress the other day that workers in de-
fense industries should not have to pay their
union dues. What his reason is is hard to say,
but perhaps it illustrates a point. And that
point is that in this time of emergency it is
most important to preserve vigilantly all of la-
bor's gains, for it is now that they are in their
principal danger.
THERE MAY BE a crisis in the United States
today, but that crisis is not alone one of
preparing ourselves for war. It is imperative
not only that we be defended from outer ag-
gression but that we defend ourselves while
still remaining democratic at home, still main-
taining all the human rights by which we dis-
tinguish ourselves from the savages of Europe.
We may say that as soon as this war crisis is
past we promptly return to labor all of its rights.
But we can never be sure that this so-called
temporary abrogation of civil rights is not the
first in a long line of steps leading us into the
permanent loss of democracy and into war.
RIGHT NOW there is a general working up of
feeling-and it is growing uncomfortably
similar to that loss of reason and consideration
that accompanies war. We may not be pre-
paring for war-everybody says we aren't-but
we are subordinating all ordinary habit to arms
collecting and the martial spirit. Regulation of
union activity may be followed by more curtail-
ment of what we consider, in time of peace,
civil rights. This is a time when labor's enemies
can get sympathy for what seems to be only a
concern for the state of our defense. But they
may be seeking something more permanent. Our
defense will best be strengthened by satisfied
- Alvin Sarasohn
Export-Import Bank -
An Aid To Defense ...

for lending to any nation with whom the United
States had trade relations.
The present purpose of the bank is to aid
American exporters and importers. It usually
underwrites from 50 to 75 per cent of the credit
extended by American firms to foreign nations.
This makes it possible to trade with countries
who lack cash. The bank also tries to aid the
economy of countries that export to the United
States so that the dollar exchange will be
greater and a market developed for their sur-
plus products that do not compete with our own.
How does the bank aid Hemisphere defense?
It is generally conceded by all military experts
that the independence of South America is vi-
tally important to our safety. The only way
that dangerous inroads which may eventually
threaten its independence can be made in South
America is through trade. No one realizes this
more than Hitler, and sjnce his rise to power,
Germany and the other totalitarian nations have
been trying to increase their barter trade with
our Southern neighbors. The Totalitarians with
their complete control over all trade and by
subsidizing exporters at first had the advantage.
South America was offered industrial products
cheaply and Europe as a market for all its sur-
pluses. Hitler with no organized United States
opposition was gradually succeeding in econom-
ically linking the continent to Germany.
The Export-Import Bank, however, is helping
to defeat Hitler's purpose and to push all the
Totalitarians out of the Western Hemisphere
by its extension of large credits to the South
American nations and the other countries in
the hemisphere. It is making greater trade
with the United States possible. A $5,000,000
loan to Haiti in 1938 prevented that country
from being involved in financial commitments
with Germany. Five loans to Cuba allowed that
nation to purchase United States silver bullion
for its minting here into Cuban pesos.
Regardless of such steps as these, the total-
itarian threat to South America still remains.
It will only be removed by the increased activity
of such governmental agencies as the Export-
Import Bank. The biggest problem faced is, of
course, that of the large South American sur-
pluses. Public opinion prevents our government
from importing even to the slightest degree any
of their competing agriculture-products. Their
only market as the dictators well know is Europe.
Dealing with each separate nation alone, the
dictators have the upper hand and could gain
economic control over that nation and ultimately
could gain it over the whole continent. The
purchasing of all South American surpluses
through the bank and the formation of a large
cartel will prevent the organized trade entities
of the eTotalitarians from gaining this control.
It will prevent the dictators from dominating
that area so necessary to our defense. Hope is
here expressed that the Roosevelt administra-
tion, which has had an admirable record in its
satin American relations and in its attempts to
stop the Totalitarians there, will see fit to in-
crease the facilities of the Export-Import Bank
and release it from the hindering $200,000,000
loan limit so that it may continue its Western
Hemisphere &'stop Hitler" drive.
- George W. Sallade
Foolish Things
At Wisconsin ..
A{T THE University of Wisconsin re-
cently an article was written for the
official engineering publication urging the sup-
port of John Hulten, a chemical engineering
student, for the senior class presidency. The
story had already been set up in type when it
came to the attention of the elections committee
which demanded that the article be removed.
It was.
"We were forced to do this," the engineering
magazine explained, "in order not to disqualify
the student as a candidate under the 'publicity
clause' which provides that the elections com-
mittee and the editors of all campus publications
shall censor any publicity concerning any can-
didate whether directly pertaining to his can-
didacy or not."
IMMEDIATELY ,the cry went up from both the
Wisconsin Engineer and The Daily Cardinal

about freedom of the press, with both asserting
that one of its inalienable rights was being
taken away.
From where we are sitting the whole affair
seems pretty foolish. In the first place it was
extremely bad taste for the Wisconsin Engineer
to support a candidate, just as it would be bad
taste for the Michigan Technic to do the same
thing here.
IN THE SECOND PLACE the so-called "pub-
licity clausf", in most cases, cannot help but
be regarded. It may be remembered that Forest
Evashevski" was elected senior class president
several weeks ago and one certainly wouldn't
want his name and exploits kept out of the
papers simply because he was running for office.
Finally the appeal for the, maintenance of
the "freedom of the press" seems quite ridiculous
when one looks at the facts of the case.
Incidentally, Hulten wasn't elected but was
subsequently appointed to the Senior Council.
-Albert Paul Blaustein
'Black Friday'
A Waste Of Time ..*.
watched another evening of mirth
and merriment come and disappear. The Daily
writers and the Michigan Union are wont to
call it "Black Friday". Most of us call it foolish.
And most of us are right. For years a handful
of wide-eyed freshmen have strived to find an
occasion on which to exercize their strong-armed
high school nonsense. Over the same period,
the attempt has fizzled like a firecracker that

i _



Open lettem4 70'Catnpu4
To Bob W est fall ..
Congratulations. You've got some real shoes
to fill. The campus won't forget Evy for a
long time. Nor will you.
To Shirley Silver .. .
Good luck on your JGP, "Jumping Jupiter."
It's a story of Greeks, and we wish all Greeks
good luck these days.
* * *
To ASU.. .
If you've got to write letters to The Daily,
make your demands reasonable. We'll give any-
body a break, but enough of that seven-page
letter stuff. It's no good.
T o M'ichigan Union . ..
Coke bars, are fine things but Black Fri-
days are purposeless. Please adjust your
plans accordingly.
To City Council .. .
How about that airport?
To Board of Regents .. .
Is it true what they're saying about you?
To Mill Marsh . .
It does us good to see you so happy. Bob
Westfall never had a bigger booster.
To Mimes Opera .. .
Remember this is no revival year. You've got
to be good.


Washington Merry-Go-Round
WASHINGTON - Toughest prob-! so will by no means entirely exhaustiii
lem facing the next Congress will be them. For most of the huge gold errY-Go-Round
whether to open up the gates of flood arriving almost daily at Fort Real author of John L. Lewis' re-
American dollar credits to the be- Knox, Ky.. comes from the Birtish 'fort to the CIO convention condemn-
leaguered British. Empire. Our gold imports from Bri- 'ng Roosevelt and the defense pro-
And whether the solons on Capitol tish countries, alone. during the gram was Milton Kaufman, left-wing
Hill want to admit it or not, real first year of the war, totaled more executive vice-president of the Ameri-
fact is that the situation existing in than three and a half billions. can Newspaper Guild, who followed
the country today is almost identical This gold hoard, incidentally, is one Lewis' lead in bolting to Willkie .. .
with that on the eve of American en- reason why the British can be sure Nazi organizations in the United
trance into the first World War, as States are boosting the latest book
trane ito te frstof our financial support-even includ- of Mrs. Anne Morrow Lindbergh, wife
far as loans to Great Britain are ing the repeal of the Johnson Act. M th e ment advorgh, in
concerned. For should Hitler win this war.Fortf the appeasement advocatein
At that time-1916-J. P. MorganKosholdeHitreaur wouthdsberuse-which she expounds her husband's
and the big bankers were accused of Knoxs golden treasure would be use- theories . . . Senator Hiram Johnson
aen th bin bar werecse ofulchiefly for dentists' fillings. Gold is a rabid isolationist, but for many
getting us into war to protect the as a basis for trade would virtuallyyerthagdClfni'sou-
loans they already had made to Eng- disappear. years the aged Californian's house-
land. Probably much more important, Meanwhile, the British are taking hold servants have been two Chinese,
however, was the fact that American 65 per cent of our entire exports, or ho pad around the house in native
industry was geared to a tremend- four times what we ship to the entire attire.
ous pitch as a result of British orders, continent of Latin America. All of Unreconstructed Rebel
and the defeat of Britain would have which indicates how completely in- Unlike the Supreme Court, Senator
brought chaos to industry. tertwined the American economic 'Cotton Ed" Smith doesn't follow the
Today, likewise, U.S. industry is system now is with Britain's fate, and election returns. The hot-tempered
so tied up with British business that how entirely likely is that the next South Carolinian is as belligerent as
depression would hit like a ton of Congress will permit loans to Great ser against FDR, despite the Demo-
bricks after either British defeat or Britain. 'ratic landslide.
the exhaustion of British funds. This, Note-Certain high Administration When a reporter asked him recent-
of course, is looking at the question members suggest that inasmuch as 'y if he intended joining the Repub-
purely from the hard-boiled material Britain is our first line of defense, icans in maintaining a "loyal op-
viewpoint, and without taking into we should send her airplanes and >osition" to Roosevelt; Smith roared
consideration the widespread sym- other war supplies without any pay- aack: "Of course. Why should I
pathy of the American public for the ment. :hange my colors now? New Dealers
British. This, in itself, probably is ire trying to make me and Jack
sufficient to induce the lifting of the Irate . IV.S.iplomat warner kiss the hand that smites us,
Johnson Act. Some State Department diplomats gut I'll be - - if I dlo it."
British Gold secretly admire the burst against Smith added as an after-thought
Actually the British will be able to Roosevelt fired by Ferdinand L. Mayer "hat he would support the "greater
order war supplies in thesUnited when he resigned as American Minis- .art" of the Administration's foreign
States for at least six months with- ter to Haiti. rogram, including aid to Britain.
out feeling a bit pinched. For when Mayer is a career diplomat with a -Great Britain hasn't a better friend
the war broke out, Britain's total re- distinguished record who has served n Congress that me," he declared.
sources which could be used in the under both Democratic and Republi- "You say you favor the greater part
United States (gold stocks, dollar can administrations. Ordinarilly ca- of the New Deal foreign policy," the
balances, negotiable investments) tot- reer diplomats do not resign their reporter said, "but how do you rec-
aled about five billion dollars. posts when there is a change of ad- ncile that with your vote against
British purchases during the first ministration, especially not such rel- the conscription bill?"
year of the war were $1,800,000,000, atively insignificant posts as Minister "Cotton Ed" was temporarily floor-
which leaves a sizeable balance on to Haiti. sd by this one, but recovered. "That
hand. However, war purchases for However, shortly after elections, bill made me pretty mad," he replied.
the current year have stepped up to Mr. Mayer sent a fervid cable to the "One of my sons just married into a
such a rate that the British will have State Department in which he said wealthy family and the future looked
spent three billion dollars in the that .the outcome of the November bright for him until the draft. Now
second twelve months of war. 5 balloting was not in keeping with he'll probably have to give up his op-
This will drain British funds in the American principles of government, portunities and go off to some army
United States pretty low, and even so he felt it necessary to resign. camp."



To Chief Norman Cook .. .
Thanks for the new stop sign on Plymouth
Road. It helps us hitch-hikers more than
you realize.
To Norman Anning .
Thanks to you for suggestions and criticisms.
It's your kind of help The Daily needs. We like
it better than the knife in the back variety.
To Soph Cabaret .. .
Spread a little sunshine 'round the town now.
It's not time for winter wonderland.
Always ,er friend,
the" city editor
Last January Igor Stravinsky, Russian com-
poser, conducted the New York Philharmonic-
Symphony Orchestra in several concerts of his
compositions. This month Columbia Records
has released a portion of that successful collab-
oration (Suite from "Petrouchka", Masterworks
Set X-177, two 12-inch records.)
For followers of Mr. Stravinsky, this is as
much a collector's item as the composer's re-
cording last month of his "Le Sacre du Prin-
temps". As a conductor of his own music, Mr.
Stravinsky is comparatively restrained; he is
content to allow the wild brilliance of the music
speak for itself. And in this recording it speaks
in vivid dramatic terms. We lave no stage
before us with the puppet Petrouchka jauntily
making the rounds of the Russian fair, but the
splotches of musical color, the flashing, bizarre,
typically Russian rhythms and melodies are
sufficient in themselves. It is not necesary to
see Petrouchka get his skull cracked in a love-
quarrel with a Moor; the dramatic development
and orchestration by the "youthful Stravinsky"
are eminently satisfying alone. For those who
have thought of Stravinsky's "Petrouchka" Suite
in terms of the meanderings of an asthmatic
train, this is a good opportunity to look into the
matter again.
This month, too, Howard Barlow and the Co-
lumbia Broadcasting Symphony have recorded
one of Schubert's lesser known symphonies, the
Second in B flat Major. Columbia, Set M-420,
three 12-inch records.) Written when the com-
poser was but 18 years old during one of his
most prolificuperiods, this symphony reflects to
a great extent the influence of Mozart and
Haydn. But because of the slight development
and simple harmonic treatment of the themes,
the Schubert that was to become the greatest
melodist of them all may be easily detected. Mr.
Barlow's interpretation is straight-forward and
sincere. Technically, the recording is without
a blemish.
.* * *
Columbia's popular album of the month is a
collection of Jerome Kern's show tunes recorded
by Al Goodman and his orchestra. (Set C-34,
four 10-inch records.) The tunes: "Who", "Why
Do I Love You", "Look for the Silver Lining",
"Make-Believe", "Ol' Man River", "All the
Things You Are", "They Believe Me", and
"Smoke Gets In Your Eyes". Mr. Goodman's

VOL. LI. No. 51
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. -
Group Surgical Plan: Mr. Wurzer
of the Michigan Hospital Service will
explain the proposed group surgical
plan for University employees in
Room 1025 Angell Hall this afternoon
at 4:30. Everyone interested is in-
vited to attend. Since the last date
for enrollment is November 30, this
will be the last meeting held before
the deadline.
To Members of the Faculty, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
The third regular meeting of the
Faculty of the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts of the academ-
is session of 1940-41 will be held in
Room 1025 Angell Hall, December
2nd, 1940, at 4:10 p.m.
The reports of the various commit-
tees have been prepared in advance
and are included with this call to the
meeting. They should be retained in
your files as part of the minutes of
the December meeting.
, Edward H. Kraus
1. Michigan Cooperative Teacher
Education Study, Dr. H. L. Turner.
2. Consideration of the minutes of
the meeting of November 4th, 1940
(pp. 692-693), which were distributed
by campus mail.
3. Consideration of the reports sub-
mitted with this call to the meeting.
a. Executive Committee, prepared
by Professor P. S. Welch.
b. Executive Board of the Gradu-
ate School, prepared by Professor L.
I. Bredvold.
c. Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs, to be given by
Associate Professor W. L. Ayres.
d. Deans' Conference, prepared by
Dean E. H. Kraus.
4. Freshman Tests of Scholastic Ap-
titude, Assistant Professor P. S. Dwy-
5. New business.
6: Announcements.
- .
The University Symphony Orchestra
Thor Johnson, Conductor, will pre-
sent Ava Comm Case as Pianist in its
second concert of the year, to be giv-
en at 4:15 p.m. Sunday, December 1,
in Hill Auditorium.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: An exhibit of ceramic

Whewell Professor of International
Law at Cambridge University, will
lecture on the subject, "Problems of
Post-War International Reconstruc-
tion," under the auspices of the Law
School and the Department of Poli-
tical Science at 4:15 p.m. on Mon-
day,' December 2, in the Rackham
Lecture Hall. The public is cordially
University Lecture: Melville J. Her-
skovits, Professor of Anthropology
and Chairman of the Department at
Northwestern University, will lecture
on the subject, "The Negro in the New
World," under the auspices of the De-
partment of Anthropology, at 4:15
p.m. on Friday, December 6, in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. The public
is cordially invited.
The lecture on "Housing," by Pro-
fessor George B. Brigham, will be giv-
en in the Rackham Building this
evening at 7:30. The lecture is open
to the public.
Stewards and Housemanagers: A
series of three lectures and an exam-
ination on sanitation for food hand-
lers will be given in the Natural Sci-
ence Auditorium at 8:00 p.m. on the
following dates:
Lecture I, Today.
Lecture II, Thursday, Dec. 5.
Lecture III, Tuesday, Dec. 10.
It is suggested that you require
your food handlers to attend and
take the examination.
W. E. Forsythe, M.D.
Health Service
Events Today
The Observatory Journal Club will

meet at 4:15 p.m. today in the Ob-
servatory lecture room. Dr. Heber D.
Curtis will speak on "The Schmidt
Camera." Tea at 4:00 p.m.
Graduate Luncheon for Chemical
and Metallurgical Engineers will be
held today at 12 o'clock noon in Room
3201 E. Eng. Bldg. Small charge. Dr.
Milo N. Mickelson of the Dept. of
Bacteriology will speak on "The Use
of Micro-Organisms in Industry."
Transportation Club: Mr. Reed
Landis will speak on the "Airport
Design Problem," at the Michigan
Union tonight at 7:30.
The Society of Automotive Engin-
eers will hold a dinner for members
with Mr. Paton tonight at 6:00 in the
Michigan Union.
The Society of Automotive Engin-
eers will meet tonight in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre at 7:30. Mr. Clyde
Paton will speak on "Problems En-
countered in Industry." Refreshments.
All engineers are welcome.
Flying Club meets tonight at 8:30
in the Union for a short business
meeting. Those persons interested in
owning a share of the club airplane
should attend. Bring your entrance
fee. Anyone interested in joining the
club should pay their dues today as
the local membership list will be
turned in to the National Organiza-
tion at this time.
The Men's Physical Education Club
will meet at nine o'clock tonight in
Room 116, Michigan Union.
Varsity Glee Club: Rehearsal to-
(Continued on Page 6)

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