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November 21, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-11-21

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Weather

Fair and somewhat colder.

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Editorial
Sportsmanship
On The Gridiron

Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication
VOL. LI. No. 46 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1940 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Hillman Tells CIO
To Select Murray;
Labor Unity Fades,

Der Fuehrer Calls In Balkan Neighbors

Demands Peace In Labor
As Defense Measure
For Democracy
Declares His Union
Will Stay In CIO
ATLANTIC CITY, NJ., Nov. 20.-
(A)-Sidney Hillman had his inning
today in his struggle with John L.
Lewis over shaping of CIO's future
policies. He used it to virtually nom-
inate Philip Murray as Lewis' suc-
cessor on a program for a united
labor movement and a curb on Com-
munists, Nazis and Fascists in labor
affairs.
From the same platform where
Lewis yesterday bitterly attacked the
Hillman partisans and their demands
for new conferences on labor peace,
Hillman responded today with a
speech for labor unity as a part of
national defense.
Labor Warned
With it he coupled a warning of
what labor would face if foreign
totalitarianism reached these shores,
urged CIO to maintain the demo-
cratic processes" in labor action, and
expressed the hope that out of the
convention "will come a stronger
labor movement."
Hillman put the convention spot-
light on Murray's availability for
the CIO presidency by telling a
cheering convention that when Lewis
steps out there must be a "demand"
for Murray.
While expressing "regret" that
Lewis was retiring from CIO's presi-
dency, Hillman declared: "It is my
considered judgment that when Lew-
is steps down there must be a demand
for Phil Murray."
~Murray announced yesterday he
was not a candidate and did not
want the office, and close friends
said he has not wavered in his dec-'
sion.
Feels No Bitterness
Appearing on the convention scene
after his Amalgamated Clothing
Workers Union had been over-
whelmed yesterday in its effort to
win support for new peace confer-
ences with AFL, Hillman said he had
no "bitterness toward any officers
of the CIO."
To Lewis' suggestion that those
who could not go along with his
(Lewis') views on labor unity could
leave the CIO, Hillman declared the
clothing workers would not quit re-
gardless of "wishful thinking'' in-,
side and outside the CIO.
Although beaten yesterday by the
Lewis forces on the issue of new en-
deavors to obtain unity, Hillman told
the convention he wanted unity in
the labor movement.
Educator Dies
In Auto Mishap!
Thomas, Michigan Schoolt
Executive, Succumbs
DETROIT, Nov. 20-(MP)-Educa
tional circles today mourned the
death of Dr. John F. Thomas, 66,
deputy Detroit Superintendent ofI
Schools and president of the Michi-
gan Education Association, who suc-
cumbed to injuries suffered yesterday1
in an automobile accident.-
Dr. Thomas, in charge of finance
for the Detroit Board of Education,z
was the third victim of an accident
at Ten Mile and Orchard Lake Roads.
William Killeen, 62, of Farmington,
was killed instantly and his son, Paul,
30, died shortly after their automobile1
collided with one driven by Edward1
R. Butler, assistant director of statis-
tics and publications for the board

of education, and in which Dr. Thom-
as was a passenger.
Both Butler and Dr. Thomas were
en routeto Lansing to attend an MEA
meeting on 1941 school appropria-
tions.
Ex-Daily Man To Teach
Journalism At Columbia
Richard T. Tohin '29 a fnmer

Democratic Party Official
Assails U.S. Press
Before AFL
Convention Feels
Scant Peace Hope
NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 20-(I)-
The American Federation of Labo
convention today heard a vigorou
criticism of American newspapers b
a high democratic party official whc
charged that publishers opposing
Roosevelt's third term suffered a
great "shock."
Sol A. Rosenblatt, general counsel
of the Democratic National Commit-
tee, told the assemblage that too
many personalities "made" by the
press, radio and movies "try to strut
like Uncle Sam," and added "those
who stand upon the principals of free
speech and a free press must accept
the resposibilities that go with those
rights."
The convention, rocking along with
a series of speakers while the various
committees met, adjourned for to-
morrow's Thanksgiving holiday with
scant hope for the elusive thing called
labor peace.
There was little optimism among
AFL leaders that they could work out
a settlement with the rival Congress
of Industrial organizations whose
President John L. Lewis last night
defiantly announced that peace with
the AFL was not possible now.
The first resolution approved by
the convention was one advocating
extension of social security coverage
to state and local government em-
ployes not now covered.
Rosenblatt in his address declared
"It has been said that the greatest
shock ever experienced by the news-
papers of America was to wake up on
the morning of Nov. 4, 1936 and dis-
cover that they had no influence in
the presidential election."
America Feels
Thankful For
Peace, Security
(By The Associated Press)
Somber thoughts of tragic happen-
ings in other landstoday permeated a
Thanksgiving holiday peculiarly. de-
voted to gratitude that America, her-
self, is at peace.
"In a year which has seen calamity
and sorrow fall upon many peoples
elsewhere in the world we ma give
thanks for our preservation," Pres-
ident Roosevelt had said in his an-
nual proclamation - and that inevi-
tably provided the theme of the day's
countless offerings of prayer.
The day was observed officially,
however, in but 2 of the 48 states, for
again this year Mr. Roosevelt ignored
the traditional last-,Thursday-in-No-
vember date, and set the holiday for
the next-to-last. In 16 states - in-
cluding four of the solid South -
sticklers for tradition held out for the
28.
So with some overlapping in states
which will observe both dates in some
form or another, the 16 will celebrate
next week. The states are: Arkansas,
Connecticut, Florida, Kansas, Iowa,
Massachusetts, Maine, Nevada, Okla-
homa, New Hampshire, North Caro-
lina, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania,
South Dakota, Tennessee and Ver-
mont.
Mr. Roosevelt planned to observe
the day quietly at Hyde Park, N. Y.,
with church services in the morning
and a family dinner later with Mrs.
Roosevelt and his mother, Mrs. Sarah
Delano Roosevelt.

fndepenidence Offer
To India Withdrawn
(By The Associated Press1
LONDON, Nov. 20-The House of
Commons was told today that in this-
moment when the Battle of Britain
was fast spreading into a battle of
the Empire, the government had
withdrawn its offer to give India's
political leaders a greater voice in

GERMANY
tip AKIj4 U. S. S. R.
BUDAPESETS
BELGRADE RUMANIA
BUCHAREST
YUGOSLAVIA
BULGARIA
Se a-
MI. E - . . SOFIA ,
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ITALY-' -
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MILES----

English Midlands
Reported Blazing;
Axis Gets.Hungary

This Associated Press map in-
dicates Axis efforts (1) to consoli-
date Balkan support, the latest
move being the formal annexation
of Hungary into the Axis. Next on
the list may be Rumania (2) and
Bulgaria, whose king has been, in
conference with Hitler. Bulgaria,
which got Dobruja (3) with Axis
support, is a gateway to Greece
and the Aegean, and the Axis may
plan a move through this corridor
(4). The Greeks were reported to
have forced the Italians out of
Koritza (5) and Italians have re-,
ported repulsing an attack on the
island of Gaidaro (6) in the Dode-
canese.

canese.

500 Students
Attend Annual
Center Dinner
Ruthven Extends Greetings
To Foreign Students
At Thanksgiving Fete
Their homelands embroiled in war,
swallowed in the recent hostilities, or
maintaining a precarious peace, for-
eign students met at the annual
Thanksgiving dinner given by the In-
.ternational Center last night to cele-
brate the American tradition of
Thanksgiving, a special tribute this
year to the friendliness and' peace
which the University has extended
to them.
Dressed in butterfly dresses of the
Philippines, the flowing saris of In-
dia, the flowered gowns of China, the
bright kimonos of Japan belted with
wide obis, and the brilliant banded
costumes of the Slavic nations for-
eign students speaking almost every
language in the world and repre-
senting a total of the world's culture
sat down in peace.
It was the 1th consecutive annugl
banquet given for foreign students on
the eve of Thanksgiving by the Uni-
versity and the community of Ann
Arbor in the Union Ballroom. More
than 500 guests, the largest ever in
attendance, were seated at tables for
12 headed by a faculty host and
hostess, who carved the turkeys.
"We can be thankful for more
than temporary security," President
Ruthven commented as he extended
the greetings and goodwill of the
University to the honored guests.
The accumulated knowledge and
scholarship represented by students
of the University from all parts of
the globe is a symbol of world broth-
erhood that will preserve the soul of
man in spite of hostilities, he em-
phasized.
On behalf of Ann Arbor, Prof. Ben-
nett Weaver of the English depart-
(Continued on Page 6)

Prize-Winning
French Movie
Opens Tonight
The best foreign film of 1935,
"Crime And Punishment" opens at
8:30 p.m. today in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre for a three day run
under the auspices of the Art Cinema
League.
Based on Dostoievski's famous nov-
el of the same name, the French film
will be shown also tomorrow and
Saturday evenings. All seats will be
reserved. Admission may be obtained
for 35c at the Mendelssohn box-of-
fice before the performances, or by
calling 6300.
Voted by the Venice Exhibition in
1935 the World Grand Prize for Ac-
ting, the picture also was chosen one
of the 10 best foreign films released
in the United States that year.
The story centers about a murder-
er's retribution brought about by his
own conscience. The picture has been
called by New York critics "a bril-
liant, human document of a tortured
mind." As most of Dostoievski's char-
acters, the film's portrayals are phsy-
cological studies.
Professors Named
For ASME Honor
Announcing the professors to be
roasted at the annual ASME Roast
to be held Dec. 10, the student chap-
ter of the American Society of Me-
chanical Engineers held a regular
meeting last night.
Professors selected for special at-
tention at the Roast are Prof. Lewis
N. Holland of the electrical engineer-
ing department, Prof. John A. Van
den Broek of the engineering me-
chanics department, Prof. A. H.
White of the chemical engineering
department, Prof. Clarence F. Kessler
of the mechanical engineering de-
partment, and Prof. Ben Dushnik of
the mathematics department.

U.S. Releases
46 Bombers
To Aid Britain
Order Follows Transfer
Of Outmoded Sperry
Bomb Sight To Isles
WASHINGTON, Nov. 20,-(/)-
The government disclosed today
that 26 giant four-engined bombers
ordered for the United ,States Army
were being released for sale to the
British as fast as they could be pro-
duced and that negotiations were un-
der way for the early release of 20
"flying fortress" bombers.
Lean, lanky General George C.
Marshall, Army Chief of Staff, called
in reporters and outlined the terms
of the transactions.
Speaking shortly after massed Ger-
man Raiders had followed up their
smashing attack upon Coventry, Eng-
land, with a fierce assault upon the
industrial city of Birmingham, Mar-
shall said he understood the first of
26 four-engined B-24 bombers had
been delivered to the British last
Saturday by the Consolidated Air-
craft Company ot San Diego, Calif.
The remainder of this group is to be
delivered between now and early
March, he added.
At the same time, the Army High
Command disclosed negotiations were
under way for the release to the Brit-
ish of 20 B-17C bombers, the four-
engined "flying fortresses" made by
the 1Boeing Aircraft Corporation at
Seattle, Wash. The "flying fortresses"
he said, "would be equipped with
armament and everything else except
'the secret Norden bomb sight, devel-
oped for the United States Nav'g and
since adopted by both services.
Another disclosure made by the
high command was that the Ameri-
can Army has had observers in Bri-
tish warplanes flying over the Bri-
tish Isles and the British Channel.
Observers also have been sent to
Egypt.

Hitler Makes Four Power
Alliance Dedicated
To Allies Defeat
Germans Broaden
Control In Balkans
VIENNA, Nov. 20. -(A')- Adolf
Hitler today annexed Hungary to
the German-Italian-Japanese axis,
which he thus converted into a four-
power alliance dedicated to defeat
of Britain and to the totalitarian re-
organizing of Europe, Asia and Africa.
By treaty, Hungary joined her Axis
friends in a military, political and
economic compact pledging joint ac-
tion against any country which in
the future may engage in the Euro-
pean or Japanese-Chinese wars.
Conclusion of the pact was fol-
lowed by a luncheon at which the
Fuehrer was host to the top-flight
diplomats who participated in the
ceremony.
One significant addmllon to this
group was his own military chief,
Field Marshal General Wilhelm Kei-
tel.
Observers noted that by the sig-
natures of the foreign ministers of
Germany, Italy and Hungary and the
Japanese ambassador to Germany,
Hitlerhad broadened his potential
base of military operations In the
Balkans toward Greece, Yugoslavia
or Turkey, or ultimately toward Suez
and Baghdad.
Joachim Von Ribbentrop, German
foreign minister, declared in a state-
ment regarded with significance that
"more powers will follow" in Hun-
gary's footsteps.
Gen. Ion Antonescu, premier of
Rumania, left tonight for Vienna and
Berlin to see Hitler, and the in-
formed news service Dienst Aus
Deutschland intimated that even his
signature to the pact would be the
last.
(Informed sources in Budapest
said Rumania, Spain and Bulgaria
may be the next joiners.)
New Partner
Covers Hitch
In Axis Plans
By J. C. STARK
(Associated Press Ptaff writer)
WASHINGTON, Nov. 20.-Hun-
gary's admission to the Rome-Ber-
lin-Tokyo alliance was looked upon
by informed diplomats tonight as a
possible indication that other coun-
tries involved in talks with Germany,
notably Russia, had balked at for-
mally joining in the triple pact.
Some significance was attached by
these sources to the fact that out of
all the negotiations going on in Ger-
many and elsewhere for sometime,
Hungary should be the first to be-
come a full-fldged pArtner since
Japan joined the Axis.
Hungary was a member of
the original German-Italian-Japan-
ese Anti-Comintern Pact which Ger-
many promoted against Russia be-
fore those two countries were recon-
ciled in 1939, and long has been re-
garded here as an obedient associate
of Germany.
The Vienna ceremony which took
Hungary into the pact was interpret-
ed here also as a probable forerun-
ner of a German military move south-
east to help the Italians against
Greece.
But diplomats speculated on why
such formal display was considered
necessary to permit this.
It thus was regarded as a sign
that Russia and possibly Spain might
have demurred at joining the alliance
and that Germany, wanting some-

thing to display as a diplomatic
achievement, had chosen Hungary
for this immediate role.
Ann Arbor Tax Rate
Hits 20 Year Low
A- substantial reduction in the win-
ter tax rate was announced vester-

Birmingham Out Of War
In Terrific Attack,
Nazi Sources Say
British Bomb Skoda
Armament Works
(By The Associated Press)
The Nazis claimed today to have
knocked Birmingham - Britain's
Pittsburgh-out of the war and to
have left the whole of central in-
dustrial England blazing "like a
torch."
This was the description by auth-
orized sources of one of the mightiest
aerial attacks ever launched by the
Germans, an overnight assault by
"far more" than 500 bombers.
For the steel and manufacturing
city of Birmingham, the home of the
late former Prime Minister Neville
Chamberlain, it was, said these in-
formants, "worse than Coventry"-
Coventry, over which the Nazi air
arm fell with unprecedented violence
last Thursday night.
Millions Of Explosives
Upon the Birmingham area, it was
declared, the Germans loosed more
than a million pounds of explosives
and thousands of fire bombs.
The British admitted that the
nine-hour attack last night left a
dozen towns strewn with wreckage,
dead and wounded, and officialde-
scriptions conceded the damage was
heavy.
Such an aerial offensive-in its
worst form seen in the attack on
Coventry last Thursday-has been
expected by the air force and the
army since last May, and some ex-
perts believed the Germans actually
tried it in the heavy daylight raids
of August, when they were repulsed
with heavy losses.
Now the belief prevails among ob-
servers here that the Germans are
ready for continuous night assaults
with pilots trained for night bombing
with the same intensity with which
the Panzer division officers and men
were trained in Germany and tested
on the Polish plains.
That would mean that such indus-
trial and shipping areas as Sheffield,
Birmingham, Glasgow and Liverpool
would be raided steadily.
Skoda Set Afire
In a flight over 1,400 nies, includ-
ing the return journey, British bomb-
ers were declared today to have set
fire to the vast Skoda armament
works in German-occupied Czecho-
Slovakia.
The plant, in Pilsen, was the east-
4rnmost target reached in an over
night bombing campaign which ex-
Fended also from the harbor of Bar-
Fleur, Normandy, to Berlin.
A returning British pilot said spe-
cifically that he had seen flames
spread over the factory and heard a
subsequent violent explosion.
In the Berlin attack it was ac-
knowledge only small forces partici-
aated, but the air ministry said nev-
erthe-less it had been an "effective"
one in which "much damage" was
aelieved to have been wrought to a
big factory making German nava
equipment.
Munitions stores, said the ministry.
were among the Berlin objectives
bombed.
Greeks Report Italians
Retreating Rapidly
ATHENS, Greece, Nov. 20,-(R)--A
government spokesman declared to-
night Italian troops were retreating
so rapidly along the Central Alban-
ian front that it was difficult for the
Greeks to keep up with them.
The Italian, front, it was said, was
broken northwest to Koritza, Greece,
some 10 kilometers (about six miles)
inside Albania and west of the River
Aoos. It was described as an utter

tout, and the spokesman said "very
important booty had fallen to the
Greeks.
He asserted, too, a battalion of Al-
banians in the Italian forces had re-
volted and been disarmed.
In the Koritza sector, where Greek
artillery fire was declared to be thun-
dering down upon every road leading
from that besieged Italian base in
Albania, the counter-offensive was
proceeding tonight in what was de-
scribed herea-, ea. 1 ia -- -0

I

Freshmen, Sophomores Will Gather
For Annual Class Battle Tomorrow

By A. P. BLAUSTEIN
Another chapter in the history of
class warfare at the University will
be written tomorrow night when
groups of freshmen and sophomores
gather in full force around the flag
pole near the Natural Science Build-
ing for their annual "battle of pants."
The frosh are scheduled to meet
in front of the Union at 7:30 p.m.,
march en, masse to the pole, erect
their class banner and at about 8:30
hurl their cries of defiance against
the sophs. The latter will convene
near the Arch of the West Engineer-
ing Building at approximately the
same time before making their drive
to capture the "Flag of '44."
Althnuh the main ohiect of this

warriors for the clash. "Those sophs
better turn out," one of the neophytes
declared yesterday, "because if they
don't we'll go out and find them-and
then there'll really be trouble."
A great deal of spirit was stirred up
Tuesday night by the kidnapping of
Edwin Shaw, '44E, one of the frosh
leaders and the originator of the
"flagplan." Shaw made several mur-
derous threats against his oppressors
when he returned to get his pants
and warned them that "they'd need
plenty of help of "Black Friday."
At a meeting of representatives
of Congress, Independent Men's As-
sociation, the Union and the Inter-
fraternity Council last night, with

One of Michigan's oldest traditions,
"Black Friday" has become a "much
saner" event during the past decade
than it was back in the roaring twen-
ties. In those days the new students
were subjected to hazing from sopho-
mores throughout the first semester,
and black eyes, bloody noses and the
like always resulted from battle
night.
From 1930 to 1936 spirit declined,
but since that time a great deal of
activity has always taken place. Last
year the sophs were defeated badly
by their opponents after being hur-
riedly organized by a few class lead-
ers.
For the first time since its innen-

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