THE MICHIGAN DAILY
.. . .. . ......... !-.........!
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subcriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.00: by mail, $4.50.
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41
Aervie Haufler . . . . Managing Editor
Alvin Sarasohn . . . . . Editorial Director
Paul M. Chandler . . . . City Editor
Karl Kessler . . . . . Associate Editor
Milton rshefsky . . . . Associate Editor
Howard A. Goldman . . . . Associate Editor
Laurence Mascott . . . . Associate Editor
Donald Wirtchafter . . . Sports Editor
Esther Osser . . . . . Women's Editor
Helen Corman . . . . . Exchange. Editor
Conscieniious Obj ectors'
ftghts And Demoefracy ...
SENTENCE of one year and one
day in prison was passed recently
by the federal court against eight theology stu-
dents who refused to register for selective ser-
vice. This sentence points to a problem which
is of importance for our democracy: The prob-
lem of" conscientious objectors and the way they
ought to be treated in consistency with demo-
Freedom of conscience and the right to make
personal decisions is indeed one of the elements
of democratic life, however if it were the only
factor involved it would destroy a cohesion in
our society which is sorely needed in these days
of conflict. The action on these students who
refused to obey, not only the call for military
service, but even the legal demand for legisla-
tion, is certain an indication of this tendency.
Democracy does not require only a right of free
decision, but also it demands loyalty for the
common weal, and respect for the majority
IT MAY SEEM very difficult for democracy to
navigate between these two treacherous
whirlpools of complete rejection and the tram-
meling of freedom of conscience; and indeed
it is arduous. This is why democracy is so hard
to realize. However, at the basis of our demo-
cratic life there is an optimistic philosophy con-
cerning the rational nature of man which makes
it possible to reconcile these two conflicting
elements. Therefore, it is not enough in a de-
mocracy, for the individual to make known what
his conscientious decision is, but it is his duty to
make known how he arrived at this conclusion,
and to try and convince his fellow countrymen.
Without such a principle, no organized society
would be possible.
It should be conceded that some conscientious
objectors have rendered a great service in em-
phasizing the necessity for a conscientious con-
sideration of the issues that face us in the world
today. Nevertheless, this sympathetic recog-
nition ought not to blind us from seeing the full
implication of the principles and ways of action
for which most conscientious objectors stand.
When a citizen endangers his life in defending
the basic principles and the values and the so-
cial on which our culture and our civilization
rest, including the very right to democratic life,
he is not acting for a personal advantage but
for what he believes is for the good of the com-
munity. Consequently, all those who derive the
advantages of life offered by that community
are bound to contribute their share in this
struggle, unless they can convince their fellow
citizens to adopt other means of defense or to
accept a kind of general martyrdom. While
following as far as honestly they can the major-
ity will, conscientious objectors should take up
the rest of their time in attempting to have
their opinions accepted by the multitude. That
is the way of democracy.
- Rose Mary Ryan
Business Manager . .
Assistant -Business Manager .
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
. Jane Krause
NIGHT EDITOR: JEAN SHAPERO
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Dr. Ruthven s
A WEEK AGO we suggested to Uni-
versity officials that certain actions
of late by them were being interpreted as evi-
dence that democracy is dying on this Ann Arbor
campus. We pointed to the fact that a liberal
tradition has been Michigan's heritage from
many years back, and that it was worth pre-
It was only a warning, not a cry of despair.
We know the patient is not yet dead. reedom
on this campus flourishes with a vigor that is
rivaled by only a few colleges in the entire world.
Today we want to speak our thanks to Pres-
ident Ruthven for what he has done in the past
to mould Michigan into a free, alert training
ground for citizenship. Despite the lashing he
has received during the past several weeks, he
remains one of the pre-eminent educators in
our nation. The records prove it.
It has been during Dr. Ruthven's 11 some years
in office, remember, that Michigan has earned
its reputation as a public institution which re-
fused to harness the. thinking of men and wom-
en it pushed into the democratic stream.
DR. RUTHVEN has permitted student organ-
izations of every political temper to spread
their fragrance to the campus winds. They do
it with complete University sanction.
Some of his speeches still stand as unique con-
tributions to the field of liberal education.
He has often defended the right of a student
newspaper to remain an organ of the students.
There is real reason to believe he thwarted a
plan by a group of students to break up with
violence that ball-park rally by the Michigan
Committee for Academic Freedom November 9.
This same Dr. Ruthven is still chief executive
of our University.
WE HAVE OPENLY TOLD HIM of our fear
that some persons believe the University
now to be on the road to reaction. We have ex-
pressed regret at what seems to be the latest
turn in University policy: i.e., the aura of mystery
surrounding the denial of readmission to certain
students; the warning by him that there are
limits to student freedom; the seeming attempt
to establish similar rules of conduct for faculty
We deplore all these things, now and always.
But we have not forgotten the things for which
Dr. Ruthven has stood in other years; nor are
we overlooking the many-fold pressures and
responsibilities which he faces as an individual.
In trusting the future of the University to
him, we of the Michigan Daily wish him new
strength and courage in maintaining his con-
- Paul M. Chandler
The Martinique Problem
A most illuminating article, by Pat Frank, a
special correspondent just returned from Mar-
tinique, was printed in the Post-Dispatch yes-
terday. The situation, as Mr. Frank found it,
has potentialities of gravest danger. Admiral
Robert, the French commander, is aligned with
Vichy, and is determined not to let the island
fall into American hands. It is being strongly
fortified, the place is full of Nazi agents and the
Germans are trying to get flyers there, to use
Note: It is with extreme trepidation that we
offer this guest column by anti-suffragist (?)
S. R. wallace.
Ever since the bloomer girls flagrantly flaunted
their be-bloomered legs, knowing that on the
morrow they might also vote, women have had
the 'double standard' thrown in their cosmeti-
rized faces-and they haven't liked it.
Ignoring for the moment the coeds dated
three weeks in advance, let's talk about the
feminine minority, the gals with brains. When
they are asked out, if they are asked out, the
bespectacled Phi Beta Kappa man who does
the asking is pretty certain to pull two or three
regulation discussions out of his over-sized hat.
The European situation is good for a twenty-
minute intermission at the Union dance; the
case of the students refused readmittance last
year, who are agitating now, is good for a few
remarks over a non-alcoholic coke; and then,
out in the starlit, moondust night, even a Phi
Bet remembers the most recent Esquire edition,
theGarg article on osculation, and . . . . the
He starts out, "You know, I had a rather in-
teresting conversation with the fellows last
The brainy girl cocks an eyebrow eagerly,
hoping against hope that a few of the choice
items of a bull-session are about to be revealed.
He continues, "We were talking pro and con
on the matter of - of - well, one might call
it the double standard."
THE BRAINY GIRL sighs resignedly and mus-
ters up regiment upon regiment of the ex-
pressions, retorts, suggestions concerning the
standard that she has been called upon to use
eternally in the past. "What exactly do you
mean by the double standard," she asks naively
checking off his expected answer mentally and
busy preparing her own response.
"Simply the right of women to do exactly as
men-in the business, political and social
worlds," he recites from memory.
She realizes at this point that he is offering
her something like those penny post-cards that
busy vacationers delight in sending . . . "I am
having a swell-rotten-mediocre (choose one)
time. Wish-pray-hope (choose one) you were
Only in this case the choice is compulsory.
"Social world?" she questions.
And then a conversation ensues in which ideas
are expressed without exact words, in which
each must keep one step ahead of the other.
He points out that these are modern times,
and that although the jazz days of '29 are
slightly passe, the remnants of that culture
She declares that things are too natural in
social circles today to ever become so "wid"
again, and that nowadays women do not have
to flaunt their sex about brazenly because no-
body is denying them their place in the man's
He pounces upon her "man's world" expres-
sion. Women have made a new niche in that
world, he says, and we men will allow them all
the freedom they want. If they want to run
around, he says ...
Here she breaks in and asserts with a sniff
that women never wanted that kind of freedom.
The men can "run around" if they want to ..
HE EXCITEDLY EXPLAINS that men don't . .
Everyone knows they do, she says firmly,
and what's more, us girls, she says, don't mind
double standard morals as long as double stan-
dard executive jobs and governmental posts
He is rather confused. The double standard
institution, he notes weakly, was set up originally
by women, and ...
-Nothing is set up irrevocably, she retorts, and
anyway, we can draw the line where we want to.
At this point they have reached her dormitory,
and the curfew lights are flickering.
He starts to mop his brow and make a graceful
exit, but she pulls out her curtain line and,
striking a pose just before she dashes inside
in possession of the last word, declares, "A double
standard of morals is a man-made Franken-
stein. It's man's excuse for losing the reins in
society. It's simply an artificial psychological,
sociological, psychiatric notion."
And he walks off thinking, "I guess she didn't
want to kiss me after all."
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MAYBE there's no answer, but the question is
worth asking: "Why the epidemic of head
injuries on the Michigan football squad this
* * *
Was there something wrong with the hel-
mets worn by Wistert, Sukup, Kolesar and
W ITH our ever-growing
danger of conscripting1
fense program. The army
hits all the high spots from
army there's some
turkeys for the de-
menu for Thursday
oyster soup to plum
* * *
Even the German army ate well for a
while, but what's the Nazi menu now?
* * *
Our annual complaint: Why don't they throw
in Friday and make it a real holiday, instead
of confining it to Thursday and breaking up a
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1940
VOL. LI. No. 45
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Notice to al lilembers of the uni-
versity: The following is an extract
of a by-law of the Regents (Chapter
III-B, Sections 8 and 9) which has
been in effect since September, 1926:
"It will hereafter be regarded as
contrary to University policy for any-
one to have in his or her possession
any key to University buildings or
parts of buildings if such key is not
stamped as provided( i.e. by the
Buildings and Grounds Department).
If such unauthorized keys are
found the case shall be referred to
the Dean or other proper head of the
University division involved for his
action in accordance with this prin-
ciple. Any watchman or other proper
representative of the Buildings and
Grounds Department, or any Dean,
department head or other proper
University official shall have the
right to inspect keys believed to open
University buildings, at any reason-
able time or place.
"--For any individual to order,
have made, or permit to be ordered
or made, any duplicate of his or her
University key, through unauthorized
channels, must be regarded as a spe-
cial and willful disregard of the safe-
ty of University property."
These regulations are called to the
attention of all concerned, for their
information and guidance. Any per-
son having any key or keys to Uni-
versity buildings, doors, or other
locks, contrary to the provisions re-
cided above, should promptly sur-
render the same to the Key Clerk at
the office of the Department of
Buildings and Grounds.
SHIRLEY W. SMITH
General Library Hours: On Thanks-
giving Day, November 21, the Main
Reading Room and the Periodical
Room of the General Library will be
open from 2:00-9:00 p.m. The De-
partmental Libraries will be closed.
Books from other parts of the build-
ing which are needed for use on that
day will be made available in the
Main Reading Room if request is
made on Wednesday to an Assistant
in the Reading Room where the books
are usually shelved.
Wm. W. Bishop, Librarian
Freshmen, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Freshmen may
not drop courses without E grade after
Saturday, Nov. 23. In administering
this rule, students with less than 24
hours of credit are considered fresh-
men. Exceptions may be made in ex-
traordinary circumstances, such as
The final day for removal of incom-
pletes will be Saturday, Nov. 23.
A. H. Lovell, Secretary
School of Education neshmeni:
Courses dropped after today will be
recorded with the grade of E except
under extraordinary circumstances.
No course is considered dropped un-
less it has been reported in the office
of the Registrar, Room 4, University
R.O.T.C.: All students who have not
called for their uniforms should do
so today as this is the last day the
tailors will be here for tryons. Any
students who do not call for their uni-
forms while the tailors are here will
have to stand whatever expense is
incurred for alterations.
Senior Mechanicals: Procter &
Gamble Company, Ivorydale, Ohio,
representative will interview Mechan-
ical, Electrical and Chemical Seniors
of high scholarship, for production
management and engineering devel-
opment positions, Monday and Tues-
day, Nov. 25 and 26. A test will be
given at 4:00 p.m. on Nov. 25, in Room
229 W. Eng. Bldg., to those scheduled
for interviews. Make an appointment
in Room 221 W. Eng. Bldg.
Senior Mechanicals: Dr. P. L. Velt-
man of The Texas Company of New
York will interview 1941 Seniors ar
Graduate Students in Room 221 West
Engineering Bldg. on Friday, Nov. 22,
1:30-5:00 p.m. Call for interview
The Institute of the Aeronautical
Sciences Journals and Aeronautical
Reviews are available in the Aeronau-
tical Library in the East Engineering
Building and the West Engineering
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Detroit Civil Service Examinations.
The examination date is noted in each
case. Applications must be filed on or
before one week prior to date of the
Plumber, November 28, 1940.
Plumbing Inspector, salary $2,640,
November 28, 1940.
Policewomen, salary $2,000, Novem-
ber 30, 1940.
Transportation Equipment Opera-
tor, salary $.78 per hour, December
Complete information on file at the
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information, 201
Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12 and
Receipt holders for the football
ticket resale for the Northwestern
game may collect their money or tick-
ets in the Student Offices of the
Union the next two weeks from 3:00
to 5:00 p.m.
Aero. 6, Experimental Aerodynam-
ics: The laboratory sections in this
course will not meet this week.
Bacteriology 111A (Laboratory
Course) will meet Monday, November
25, at 1:00,.m. in Room 2562 East
Medical Building. Each student
should come provided wih a $5.00 Hy-
gienic Laboratory Coupon procurable
at the Cashier's Office.
English 1, Section 48 (Halliday).
Bring materials for impromptu to
class on Saturday, November 23.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Room 319, West Medical
Building, at 7:30 tonight. Subject:
"Proteolytic Enzymes." All interested
(continued on Page 6)
Washington Merry- Go-Round
WASHINGTON-The uncensored facts reach-
ing here in the diplomatic pouch indicate that
British cities are taking a far worse beating
than the public realizes. The destruction of
Coventry was just one eye-opener.
One friendly observer just back from England
describes London-probably quite accurately-
as the Verdun of the present war.
London is the battle on which the outcome of
the war may depend. But the difference is
that the punishment at Verdun was born by
seasoned troops, while women, children, civilians
and supply factories remained far behind the
lines. In London the situation is just as if wom-
en and children, hospitals and munitions plants
were right up in the front line trenches.
TW T7.T"N1T? T~ TTYTC ~T . ft T2A T? T'VIifT"1A T .n11 ...l... rn
adjoining roof-tops, but they never leave their
During the night many people cannot sleep,
so they take cat-naps in the daytime. You see
London stenographers sleeping in strange places,
sometimes at their desks, sometimes in corridors.
And there is complete tolerance on the part of
employers toward sleeping employees.
England Looks To U.S.
DESPITE THIS HEROI M, the American pub-
lic might as well look the facts squarely in
the face-namely, that few people in'Great Brit-
ain would continue this suffering if they were
not confident that very vigorous, major help was
coming from the United States.
In fact, most of the British people, much as
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