THlE MICIGA A : ITTv
SUNDY. NVEMBR 1. 1940.
- a as.a ~ra s.' n a atj ~TThAV I~MR~Ii I' QAE
l.i } 1.'V\l f l.ii LLL' 14 11 1JYV
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Xdited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications. t
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as.
second class mail. matter.
Buberiptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.00: by mail, $4.50..
REPRESENTED POR NATIONAL ADVERTISING SY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N.Y.
CHICAGO . BosTON . Los AGELES . SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41
Servie Haufler .
Paul M. Chandler
Howard A. Goldman
. . . Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
* . . . AoCity Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
* . . .Associate Editor
* . . . Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor
Business Manager .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager .
NIGHT EDITOR: EMILE GELE
The editorials published in The Michigan.
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Needed In Army .
R E-ELECTION SQUABBLES are now
behind us. The accusations con-
cernin the national defense program that were
'ying thick and fast have melted into cries
for unity. No matter what we may think of the
,policies of the Roosevelt administration, every
one of us should support with all our energy
the movement to make our country impreg-
nable against attack.
And one of the first things on the program
must be a revitalizing of the United States
Army-especially the Ordnance Department. The
Army has almost always been controlled by a
group of stodgy bigwigs who are extremely unre-
ceptive to new and modern ideas. They have
tended to stifle freedom of thought and free-
dom of expression among the fresher and young-
er officers. Probably the most famous example
of this is the case of Brigadier General "Billy"
Mitchell. About ten years ago he publicly de-
manded the separation of the Air Corps from
the Regular Army. As a result he was court-
martialed, and all the other officers who agreed
with him to keep their mouths shut.
Recently we were given another classic ex-
ample of the bigotry and blindness of certain
Army officials. A young, officer in the Marine
Corps Reserve, Captain Melvin Johnson, had
invented a simple, 14-lb., one-man machine
gun. For some time now the War Department
has been crying for someone to invent a similar
gun as light as even 22-lbs. But will the
Army consent to test Captain Johnson's gun?
Absolutely not-it seems that the young in-
ventor announced in public sometime last spring
that a semi-automatic rifle he had also in-
vented was better than the Army's Garand
rifle. His announcement offended the dignity
of some of the bigwigs in the Ordance Depart-
ment so they refuse to do business with him
even though his weapon might help us to better
defend our country.
Adding insult to injury, they won't even let
Johnson sell his plans to friendly nations. Both
the Dutch East Indies and China were interest-
ed in obtaining the plans for his machine
gun. The Department of State approved the
transaction, because it would help both count-
ries defend themselves against the Japanese.
However, the War Department stepped in and in-
formed both Johnson and the State Depart-
ment that the designs were military secrets and
must remain in the United States-even though
the Army refuses to use them!
As long as the policy of our Army continues
to follow such'a short-sighted, illogical course
this nation will never be adequately prepared
to defend itself. For this reason we should
demand that the men responsibile for such a
policy be replaced by younger or, at least
more open-minded officials. We need men in
charge of our Army who will encourage free-
dom of thought and freedom of expression
among the younger officers; men who will wel-
toime constructive suggestions from their sub-
ordinates; men who will inaugurate reforms
from time to time; men, in other words, who
will make, the Army a living, vital progressive
General George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff.
Washington-Toughest problem faced by the
British at this time is having their fleet in
several different places at once. In the Mediter-
ranean, for instance, the fleet has to protect
Suez in the southeast, help Greece in the north-
east, and cooperate with Gibraltar in the ex-
treme west. Simultaneously the British fleet
is supposed to disrupt Italian supplies to General
Graziani's army in north Egypt.
The British Mediterranean fleet cannot afford
to break itself up into too small numbers. It
must stick together in fairly large groups for
protection's sake. Thus the fleet off Egypt has
adopted 'tactics of sweeping back and forth
across the Mediterranean every week or so.
However, the Italians have caught on to this,
and time their shipments of supplies to coin-
cide to the moment when the British fleet is
in another part of the Mediterranean.
The Mediterranean situation also gives an
insight into what the British face elsewhere. In
the Atlantic, their thinned-out navy must police
the coast from Spain to Norway. Along the
African coast there is danger from submarines,
while even in the Caribbean a few British vessels
have kept an eye on, Martinique.
This leaves almost no ships to protect Sing-
apore, and is one reason for the backstage feelers
that the United States might take over the po-
licing of the Pacific. This has been under care-
ful discussion among the Navy, White House
and State Department, so far without decision.
Behind that irate outburst from the New Eng-
land Shoe Manufacturers Association at the Ar-
my's new method of buying shoes was an untold
story of how a group of business men working
for the Government saved the taxpayers $6,000,-
The manufacturers were indignant that the
Army. under Defense Commission guidance, had
scattered its orders for 4,000,000 pairs of shoes
instead of giving this juicy business, as in the
past, to a few big firms. But by this new method
the Army was able to obtain shoes at $1.50 less
than they cost during the World War. .
A group of business executives, working de-
In The Caribbean .. .
IT SEEMS odd that the United States
can seriously undertake a huge de-
fense program involving all nations of the West-
ern Hemisphere and at the same time ignore Nazi
activity in the Caribbean Sea. Strategically lo-
cated islands, some of which are actually leased
by the United States, are not only unpatrolled
by American ships but are developed as German
Becoming interested in rumors of Nazi activ-
ity in the Caribbean, Leicester Hemingway,
brother of Ernest and Anthony Jenkinson re-
cently took what they called a "snoop cruise" in a
12-ton schooner to see what they could discover.
They found signs of a well-developed Nazi re-
fueling system for submarines, preparations for
German naval action off the coast of Central
America; and on islands near the Panama Canal
they eicountered Nazi agents, Nazi propaganda
and stocks of Diesel oil waiting for Nazi raiders.
On Mujeres Island and Cozumel, off the
western-most point of Mexico, the snoopers found
violently pro-Nazi Mexican officials and at Bon-
acca, off the northern coast of Honduras, they
saw piles of Nazi propaganda openly displayed
in the stores of prominent merchants. For
some obscure reason the United States neutrality
partol does not come within sight of these
The Americans found that the most influential.
citizen of Old Providence and St. Andrews Island,
off the coast of Nicaragua, was an ardent Ger-
man who amplifies Nazi broadcasts for other
islanders. The governor of these Columbia-
owned islands told the snoopers, "The im-
portance of these islands, on shipping routes
vital to the United States, has been almost en-
tirely overlooked. German submarines secretly
using our harbors and coves could do ter-
rible damage in the Caribbean . . . Shortly
after the outbreak of the war two German sub-
marines were sighted just north of Cartagen.
As Colombia has not the financial resources to
patrol these islands, it is up to the United States
to cooperate with us."
On Little Corn and Big Corn Islands, United
States possessions within easy striking dis-
tance of the Panama Canal, the snoopers found
not a single United States citizen. The Nicar-
guan commandant there told them, "Der Fuhrer
will rule the world. Europe is only the beginning."
and when reminded that American naval units
might take over the islands he said, "They'll
never come. The United States have forgotten'
that these islands exist. If they do come, it
will be too late."
The paradox of the whole affair is that the
United States makes such a collosal show of
peacetime conscription, naval and military re-
armament, and Pan-American cooperation, while
the most elementary steps for defending the
Panama Canal and the vital Caribbean are not
taken. Little ironies like these are what makes
the dictators laugh at democracy and thumb
their noses at vociferous declarations of Ameri-
- Emile Gele
Helps Those .. .
THE LORDhelps those who help each
votedly in the Procurement Division, in the past
six months not only saved the Government sev-
eral hundred millions on defense supplies, but
have not disturbed market conditions or caused
consumer prices to zoom. The shoe deal was only
one item in this remarkable record, but a
Because of the long battle in Congress over
the Selective Service Act, the Army was not sure
until the very last minute whether it would
need shoes for 400,000 regulars, or for 1,000,000
additional draftees. So it was September 16 be-
fore Brig. General Clifford Corbin of the Quar-
termaster Corps rushed to the Defense Commis-.
sion with his requirements. The Procurement
aces were all ready for him.
For weeks they had quietly surveyed the shoe
industry. They knew the capacity of every plant,
from the giants capable of turning out thousands
of pairs a day to the smallest factory in a Bos-
ton loft. Also, they had carefully studied World
War experience, when the price of shoes has
sky-rocketed as a result of the placing of big or-
ders with a few firms.
So, discarding the Army's system of asking for
bids on the entire 4,000,000 pairs, the Commission
quietly asked every reputable manufacturer in
the country for a price on the number of shoes
he was capable of producting. The results of this
wily trading were remarkable.
During the World War, the Army paid $4 a
pair for shoes. Through the Procurement Divis-
ion's methad of negotiated contracts, distributed
among 25 factories from New England to St. Lou-
is, the Army was able to get its 4,000,000 pairs
of regulation shoes at $2.50 a pair.
Note - Chief of the Procurement Division is
quiet-spoken Lonald Nelson, former Sears Roe-
buck dynamo, whom the President is consider-
ing making Defense Coordinator.
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1940
VOL. LI No. 43
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Freshmen, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Freshmen may
not drop courses without E grade after
Saturday, Nov. 23. In administering
this rule, students with less than 24
hours of credit are considered fresh-
men. Exceptions may be made in ex-
traordinary circumstances, such as
severe or long continued illness.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Satur-
day, November 23.
Report cards are being distribut-
ed to all departmental offices. This
year for the frist time special green
cards are being provided for fresh-
men reports. Green cards should be
returned to the office of the Academic
Counselors, 108 Mason Hall; white
cards (reporting sophomores, jun-
iors, and seniors) to my office 1220
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshmen and upper-
'class, whose standing at midsemester
time is D or E, not merely those who
received D or E in so-called midsemes-
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or col-
leges of the University, shouldbe
reported to the school or college in
which they are registered.
Additional cards may be had at
my office, 1220 Angell Hall.
E. A. Walter, Assitant Dean
College of Architecture, School of
Education, School of Forestry and
Conservation, School of Music: Mid-
semester reports indicating students
enrolled in these units doing unsatis-
factory work in any unit of the Uni-
versity are due in the office of the
school or college on Saturday, No-
vember 23, at noon. Report blanks
for this purpose may be secured from
the office of the school or from Room
4, University Hall.
Robert L. Williams ~
Approved Student Organizations:
During the past week the following
student organizations have asked for
and been granted official recognition
for the year 1940-41:
That bitter cold gave the anti-freeze distribu-
tors a booming trade yesterday. Some of it was
for car radiators.
There were so many ticket scalpers in the
Union that roommate suggested asking the gov-
ernment to set up a reservation.
Along the same lines, the Chicago boys are
working a little football pool in Ann Arbor again.
It operates in the shadows, though. Somebody
shuffles up beside you, whispers his message,
and pulls out the little card.
Note to his friends: Stan Swinton, last year's
city ed., is up at the, top of the draft list. He ex-
pects to be tailored for the uniform in January.
Trouble For Hitler
For an earthquake to come along and upset
Hitler's calculations in the Balkans would be
ironic indeed, particularly if it arrived only a
few hours after the Fuehrer had expressed his
profane conviction in Munich that "Providence
has brought me thus far." It is too soon to say
that the tremendous upheaval of nature in Ru-
mania has done so. Despatches do indicate
considerable damage, however, to oil producing
facilities, to oil ports on the Danube and to rail-
ways useful in various ways to the Axis Powers
While this destruction, even if it proves to be
extensive, can doubtless be repaired in time,
any delay that throws unforeseen obstacles in
Hitler's path serves the cause of those driving
desperately to stop him.
If, as reports have frequently hinted, Ger-
many has been thinking of sending troops
through Rumania to neutralize Turkey and help
bolster Italy's floundering attack on Greece, it
may not be too much to hope that when Mr.
Molotoff and his fellow-conferees sit down in
Berlin this week they will have a good-sized
complication to discuss among their agenda.
- The New York Times
markably successful. Even in the United States
it has made great progress. But nowhere in
the world has the cooperative movement wrought
miracles comparable to those accomplished in
Under the guidance of leaders connected with
St. Francis Xavier University at Antigonish,
cooperation is actually transforming society in
Just a few years ago the fishermen, the
farmers and the miners of that province were
sunk in poverty as wretched as that endured by
Steinbeck's Okies. The fishermen's boats were
mortgaged, the farmers were losing their land
and the pittance earned by the miners was
barely sufficient to keep their families from star-
Today the fishermen are freeing themselves'
of debt and their own canning plants are pay-
ing them a higher rate for their catch then
they had ever dreamed of achieving. The farm-
ers are attaining prosperity, despite agricultural
depression elsewhere and the miners are building
Alpha Kappa Delta
Am. Soc. of Mechanical Engineers1
Brandeis Cooperative Houuse
Congress Cooperative House
English Journal Club
Flying Club, U. of M.
Glider Club, U. of M.
Inst. of the Aeronautical Sciences
La Sociedad Hispanica
Le Cercle Francais
Pan Hellenic Association
Phi Eta Sigma j
Pi Lambda Theta
Sigma Delta Chi
Tau Epsilon Rho
Women's Athletic Association
The Automobile Regulation will be
lifted for the Thanksgiving holiday
period from Wednesday noon, Nov.
20, until 8 a.m. on Friday, Nov. 22.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for removal of incom-
Dletes will be Saturday, Nov. 23.
A. H. Lovell, Secretary
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for dropping courses
without record will be Saturday, Nov.
23. A course may be dropped only
with permission of the classifier after
conference with the instructor.
A. I. Lovell, Secretary
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Civil Service Examination. Last date
for filing application is noted in each
UNITED STATES CIVIL SERVICE
Principal Physicist, salary $5 660,
December 12, 1940.
Senior Physicist, salary $4,600, De-
cember 12, 1940.
Physicist, salary $3,800, December
Associate Physicist, salary $3,200,
December 12, 1940.
Assistant Physicist, salary $2,600,
December 12, 1940.
MICHIGAN CIVIL SERVICE
Graphic Presentation esigner I,
salary range $150 to $190, November
Job Analyst A, salary range $130
to $150, November 30, 1940.
Job Analyst I, salary range $150
to $190, November 30, 1940.
Complete information on file at
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
Choral Union Members: Pass tickets
will be given out for the Don Cossack
Concert to all members of the chorus
whose records are clear, and who call
in person at the offices of the Univer-
sity Musical Society, Burton Memorial
Tower, on the day of the concert, be-
tween the hours of 9 and 12 and 1 and
4. After 4 o'clock no tickets will be
By DAVID LACHENBRUCH
BIGGEST radio music news of the
week is probably the return of
Arturo Toscanini to make his first
appearance of the season conducting
the NBC Symphony Orchestra Sat-
urday from 10 to 11:30 p.m. over
WXYZ in a concert broadcast from
Carnegie Hall. Soloists will be Zinka
Milanov, soprano; Bruns Castagna,
contralto; Jussi Bjoerling, tenor, and
Nicola Moscona, bass. Choral parts
will be sung by the Westminister
Then, of course, Sunday's big event
is always the New York Philharmonic,
although this autumn the Detroit
stations have leaned to professional
football broadcasts instead of the
Symphony. However, where there's
a will there's a way, and the ener-
getic listener can hear his Philhar-
monic from some distant point Cif
he has a good radio). The station
carrying the concerts that can be
heard best in Ann Arbor is WKZO
in Kalamazoo. Its wave length is
about 700 kilocyles-it's not difficult
to find on your dial.
Well, Artur Rubinstein, pianist, will
be soloist with the Philharmonic,
John Barbirolli conducting as usual.
Deems Taylor still gives the inter-
mission commentary, 3 to, 4:30 p.m.
And the program:
Academic Festival Overture
Concerto No. 4, in G Major, Op.
58, for Piano and Orchestra ....
Women Students Wishing to At-
tend the Ohio State-Michigan foot-
ball game are required to register
in the Office of the Dean of Women.
A letter of permission from parents
must be in this office not later than
Wednesday, November 20. If the
student does not go by train, special
permission for another mode of travel
must be included in the parent's let-
ter. Graduate women are invited to
register in this office.
Byrl Fox Bacher.
I All Sophomore girls who want to
take part in the entertainment for
the Sophomore Cabaret, Sunshine
Inc., report to the 'rehearsal room
in the League, Sunday at 2:30.
Mathematics 370, Seminar, will
will meet Tuesday at 4 o'clock in 3001
A.H. Mr. Vinograde will continue his
report on "Analytic Quarternion
In the western worlcr m general and
particularly in the United States, an
ebb of creative vitality has allowed
the arts to become to a great extent
a medium for propaganda, a feeble
substitution for sociological treatises,
a visual education device for anemic
essays on social reform - with the
effect of antagonizing a heretofore
sympathetic public. The layman, dis-
armingly intelligent, would be the
first to suggest that the shoemaker
be stuck to his last and would see no,
reason to suppose that artists are par-1
ticularly astute politicians, authori-
ties on social justice, or adept at any-
thing else but the arts.
For one holding such an attitude
toward art, the drawings of William
Littlefield, on exhibition in Alumni
Memorial Hall, offer a welcome and
refreshing relief from art as scullery
maid. The drawings depend solely on
the relations and the qualities of line,
and their value is not bound up with
the recognition of an idea. No. 1, the
label informs us, is concerned with the
gentle art of boxing, although when
one looks at it one is conscious not
of subject matter, but of a composi-
tion of decorative rhythmic lineari-
zations. What strikes one is the non-
representational harmony of its fun-
damental construction, which in its
plastic relations is subordinated to a
dominate rhythm. No. 11, entitled
"Knockout," executed a year laterI
in 1929, is similar in style. In these,
as in several others, is displayed the
significant use of line to allow the
real, not the actual, figure.
Nos. 21 and 23, works of 1940, ex-
hibit an interesting use of pencil and
wash in a modern version of late
Renaissance approach. In both of
these and, perhaps, to a lesser degree
in the "Figure and Wheel" and the
"Kneeling Figure" is found a struc-
tural sense that leaves little to be de-
sired. Equally interesting in their way
are the pencil drawings for illustra-
tions of the Odyssey, and the bright
costume designs for the American
Ballet Company areanything but
lacking in charm. Although quality
may vary, the personal sensitivity of
the artist is evident in all of the draw-
ings. Nowhere does it give way to
mere mechanical expression.
The portrait heads are probably
better than they seem, but with the
Botanical Seminar will meet Wed-
nesday, Nov. 20, at 4:30 p.m. in Room
1139 N.S. Bldg. Paper by Elzada U.
Clover: "Floristic Studies in Havasu
Canyon of the Colorado system and
Life of the Supai Indians."
Mechanical Engineering 35: Due
date on problem scheduled for Mon-
day, Nov. 18, is postponed to Wed-
nesday, Nov. 20.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Ropm 319, West Medical
Building, at 7:30 p.m., Wednesday,
Nov. 20. Subject: 'Proteolytic En-
zymes." All interested are invited.
Choral Union Concert: The Don
Cossack Russian Chorus, Serge Jar-
:ff, Conductor, will give the third
concert in the Choral Union Series,
Monday, November 18, at 8:30 o'clock,
in Hill Auditorium. The program will
consist of folk songs, religious num-
bers, and Cossack military songs.
Faculty Concert: Arthur Hackett,
Tenor, and John Kollen, Pianist, will
present the second Faculty Concert
of the semester at 4:15 p.m. today,
Nov. 17, in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Prof. Joseph Brinkman will
accompany Professor Hackett. This
concert will be open to the general
public, free of charge.
The University of Michigan Little
Symphony, Thor Johnson, Conductor,
will present a concert at 4:15 p.m.
Tuesday, Nov. 19, in the Lydia Mend-
elssohn Theatre. The general public
is invited to attend.
The Annual Exhibit of Photography
by the Ann Arbor Camera Club will be
held in the Mezzanine Galleries of the
Rackham Building until November
18. The Exhibit is open daily from
10:00 a.m. until 10:00 p.m.
Exhibition: Paintings by Ozenfant
and drawings by William Littlefield
are now showing in Alumni Memorial
Hall, afternoons 2:00-5:00 until Nov.
22. This is under the auspices of the
Ann Arbor Art Association. Members
and students are admitted free.
Actuarial Lecture at 8 p.m., on Mon-
day, November 18, in the East Con-
ference Room, Rackham Building.
Mr. A. G. Gabriel of the Michigan
Actuarial Soci ty will discuss "Mu-
nicipal Pension Plans." The lecture
is open to all students interested in
Dorothy Thompson Lecture tickets
will be placed on sale tomorrow morn-
ing at 10 o'clock at the box office,
Hill Auditorium. Miss Thompson will
speak Tuesday evening as the third
number on the Oratorical Associa-
tion Lecture Series.
International Center: This evening
(Continued on Page 5)
termission, but don't let him scare
An unusual group-the Women's
Symphony Orchestra of Chicago-is
building up quite a reputation. They
can be heard today from 5 to 5:30
p.m. over WJR, under the directio'i
of Izler Solomon. Oscar Levant will
be special guest. Their program will
include Dvorak's Slavonic Dance No.
8, Beethoven's Turkish March from
"The Ruins of Athens." Mr. Levant
will play the Scherzo from Piano Con-
certo in G Minor by SaintSaens.
From noon to 1 p.m. over WXYZ
you can hear the Radio City Music
Hall Symphony Orchestra. Ditta Pas-
ztory, pianist, who is, incidentally
wife of composer Bela Bartok will be
soloist with the Orchestra under the