THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Pioneering Editors Achieved Success Against Heavy
Lack Of Capital, Scarcity
Of Advertising, Slows
Growth In Early Years
(Continued from Page 1)
making preparation. We solicited ad-
vertising from Detroit and Ann Arbor
merchants and with difficulty suc-
ceeded in selling them some space in
what still was a non-existent paper.
We had to find a publisher. We had
no capital whatsoever. We had only
an idea backed by a few enthusiasts
who were willing to give their time
and energy to a worthy cause. Sam-
uel W. Beakes was publishing the
"Ann Arbor Argus." He sad faith in
our plan and agreed to be, the pub-
lisher. He occupid a narrow store in
the Old Opera House Block. The
printing plant was located in the cel-
lar of his and the adjoining store.
With some hesitation but with con-
fidence in the succeess of the enter-
prise, we went ahead. The first Daily
appeared on Monday, September 29,
1890. Each of us gave hours of time
every single day, and frequetly eve-
nings, to the paper. We obtained sub-
scriptions and advertising by personal
solicitation. We looked after the dis-
tribution of the paper itself. We gath-
ered the news, composed it, set up the
paper, read proofs and did everything
except the setting of type and ac-
Paying advertisements' were not
easy to secure. These were the days
before automobiles, radios, refrigera-
tion, modern razors, foods with one of
the vitimin alphabet, shaving and
dental creams etc. Advertisers of
jewelry, clothing, students' books and
supplies, musical instruments, took
space. Two of the railroads adver-
tised their time tables. The Opera
House advertised its current perfor-
mance, one of which read: "The Lim-
ited Mail" - "A great realistic com-
edy" - "With two carloads of scen-
ery" - "As full of unadulterated fun
as the toothsome shad is of bones."
Illumination by student oil lamps pre-
ceded that by electric light, not then
in general use, so one merchant ad-
*vertised lamps and "Red Star Oil" -
"Unequalled, burns without odor or
cleaning of wick and gives a clear
white light" ,- "For only ten cents
a gallon delivered." Another concern
advertised "pants, pantaloons and
trousers." Another "Novel window dis-
play" - "Black is the fad" - Black
shirts, Black underwear, Black Neck-
wear,- Black caps, Black handker-
chiefs, Black suspenders, Black elas-
tics, Black studs, Black buttons" -
"The Black Craze!" Still another ad-
vertised "Baths 10 cents at Post Of-
fice Barber Shop.' Another stated in
large letters "Life is uncertain" -
"Death is sure" and. then told the
merits of the life insurance company
In March 1891 The Daily was in
very competent hands. I felt that as
assistant managing editor I was not
doing full justice to my college work
for The Daily demanded too much of
my time. I withdrew, with the firm
belief that The Daily was here to
stay and that it would continue to
prosper and grow in usefulness.
The Daily succeeded far better than
we had ever anticipated. We built
better than we knew. Those who suc-
ceeded us are to be congratulated
on their magnificent work and in es-
tablishing a metropolitan newspaper
in a college town.
Old Editors Pulled Fast Ones'
In Daily's First Few Years
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1890.
- -s o1i9i,- -
271 Woodward Averque, ;Grand Circus
DETO I T. - MbrCI-I.
GENERAL BIoLO.-The under-
signed will be. in the Botanical
Laboratory onWednesday between
10:30 and 12:30 a. m., to consult
with students about courses in
Biology, Botany and Morphology.
Labratory work in Biology begins
Thursday at 9:30, in room 25.
J. E. REIGHARD.
LATIN.-Course 1. Section V.
Livy, will report to Prof. Rolfe,
It will be limited to students who
have shown exceptional proficien-
.cv. It is expected that this sec-
tion will cover more ground than
the other sections.
Course 3. Section IV will be
given by Mr. Clement.
H YOTENE.-Students wishing to
take the courses in Bacteriology
will find Mr. Novy in hygiene
Laboratory every afternoon this
week. An optional course in
Water Analysis will be given this
semester. MR. No-.
.ENGINEERINO STUDENTS. --- A
course in Foundry Work will be
given the first semester.
All engineering students wish-
ing to take work in the Mechanical
Laboratory must see me Wednes-
day or Thursday, at 11 a. In., at
my office. PRoF. TAYLOR,
OUR- RUGBY TEAM.
ING DAILY ON
before, and there will be a game
at Buffalo this year that will be
? marked by sandy playing, and a
much closer score than Cornell
will look for. To begin with
"SvWpatic Wk isto e h~ie
Ft iht, Kay,
OF IT PRACTIC"-
The Campus has taken on a ; ,. i=
foundation of the Rugby eleven
Every afternoon has seen some of i . At4. M., every day,
o,,, our e,, h~ekt-d RnJ eS Lli ho wants to play on
vucUWAaa nU~ki tiguy plI y~
tossing the ball back and forth, or
trying to kick goals. It has been
cold and raw, but the spectatorsj
have had many a laugh as the
boys would form an invincible V
and split the wind with it, but if
they have had nothing but the
wind to buck against, they have'
at least been learning to stand
shoulder to shoulder. And they'
are doing good work, these few
who are back getting in condition
by tossing the ball, tackling,
breaking the line, trying the V
or the gridiron, and learning the
twist that gave Ames of Prince-
ton his celebrated nick-name of
The boys are working under
Malley, who has brought back a
trunk full of new tric ks and has
already began to teach his men a
few of them. Abbott, Trainer,
Hatch, DePont, Rathbone, Dy-
gert,McAllaster, Stone,and Chad-
bourne take to them as naturally as
any canvas-back does to water.
Of course the boys are all "'soft,'
and short wind-d as yet, but if
they follow the liner laid down by
Captain Mallev it will be soiled
meat and sand that Cornell rungb
up against this year.
It does ones heart good to hear
Captain Malley talk. If he does
one half thehings he wants todo,
he will do double of anything
that has ever been thought of here
the tea ins must show up on the
Campus. At 4:15 the players on
the ground will be placed on the
lines of the two teams-for it isr
Malley's intention to play two
teams every day-and the play-
ers will play in these positionsthe.
remainder of the day, the late
comers taking any positions that
may be left (?) when they get
there. At 5:15 the teams will go
to a bath-room to be placed prob-
ably in the basement of the Medi-
cal building. Here a douse and a
rub and then to Prettyman's,
where they will rest and discuss
the plays of the afternoon while a
supper is being prepared for them
at a training table .that Prettyman
is to run for them. This will be
run in the same way that the
Eastern training tables are.
"Those who work shall play."
This comes pretty near being an
Irish Bull, but Malley says that
"It goes, and adds C-I want at
least four-teen new men this year,
and 1 want the boys to come out
and try for these positions. And
when it comes to selecting the
mnen who will go East this year,
it is going to be a simple question
of the twenty-two men who can
and have been playing the best
Rugby day by day. Twenty-two
men will go East. The Harvard,
Yale and Princeton players are all
hard at work now, every mna" of
them, and it is-time twt our boys
were willing to do the sane if
F C rn n wEn i vj c mpo-ters of Gar-,,
and Art Gcoa5, Eeers arld Op-
tlcars Manoaturers 3of the
F.nest Soc ety Badges rade irl the
courtry Samples sent upon pro-
140 WOOI)WAIRD AVE.,
Detroit, ,- - M!ch'gan.
they ever hope to down the Eastern
team. And the fact is they've
got to wrk if they play thi8
Malley is very, very right, and
every man who plays Rugby ought
to come out, put his foot in the
ball, and try for a position on the
team. If you fail for the Varsity
eleven there will still be the second
eleven, all of whom will take the
Eastern trip. Twenty-two men
will go East.
In the way of material not al-
ready noticed Van Jeventer, the
Shermans, Haynes, VanInwagen,
Glidder, Sunderland, Duffy, and
Prettyman are expected to be hero
this year. For new material,
Jewett, who played a rattling
game as half-back for the High
School eleven last year, enteft '94
lit. Ninety-four also gets Chad-
bourne, who played center on the
ihillip's Exeter Academy eleven
last year, the eleven that made
such a good showing against such
college teams as Dartmouth, Am-
herst, and the Tech. Over in the
law school they have Stone, a
graduate of Swarthmore, '89, who
played full-back a portion of the
time while there. The most that
can be said of these new men now is
that they bid fair with practice to
be able to get onto one of the two
By WILLIAM A. SPILL, 96L [
From 1940 to 1896 is "some" jump.
In '94-'96 publishing The Daily was1
some job. We were not only pressedi
for funds but an unscrupulous Bus-
iness Manager had pledged future
advertising for all sorts of merchan-
dise. The paper was distinctly "in
And worse, the law school was1
getting a new dean and shifting from!
a two-year to a three-year course.
The new dean, replacing Dean Knowl-
ton, (whom we dubbed "Jerry" be-
hind his back, as Dean Knowlton in-
variably in public), though we did not
know had received all his degrees at]
Michigan, and was a Wolverine
through and through. The new dean
was responsible for the new law cur-
riculum and while proposing to give
it to the press at four o'clock in the
afternoon, pledged them not to use
any portion before that hour.
That day was my issue. George E.
Harrison, '96L, bus. manager, took the
pressmen of the Washtenaw Times,
which did our printing, and filled
them with "red eye" while I, with
the aid of the printer's devil, got the
paper out at noon, with the new three
year course entire. The Daily was out
at noon. Did it stir the animals up?
Dean Hutchins swore he would have
our blood. And he has not forgot-
ten! Years later when as President
he visited Pasadena, he said that he
knew me, but when pressed as to
what it was he knew, answered:
"Nothing good, I assure you, so let us
forget it." I remember distinctly only
the intervention of "Jerry" Knowl-
ton saved Harrison and me from ig-
nominious dismissal. What he did or
said we will never know. All we could
get was a shaking finger and the
warning: "You young devils! Never
again as long as you live will you
pull another like that!"
There is much joy;and pleasure in
those years and I have but one last-
ing, deep regret: I spent far too short
a time, when I should have been at
Michigan at least six or seven years.
There's the width, depth and freedom
there that innumberable institutions
lack, but I am thankful that I did
have the little vouchsafed me.
I rejoice in the friendship and ac-
quaintance vouchsafed me there.
Among those recalled rises Harry
Coleman, J. A. Lorie and that peer of
them all, Alvick A. Pearson.. Then
there was ."Jack" Leroy, who was
a fine athlete but a finer gentleman.
Nor would I forget Edson R. Sunder-
land, quiet but even then effective
and dependable. E. Johnson, Floyd
R. Mechem, Judge Champlain, Thom-
as Bogle, Otto Kirchner, Dr. Nan-
crede, Hinsdale, (the real forerun-
ner and founder of the School of
Education), and many more rise in
memory, but they all may be summed
up in the grandest of them all,
"Prexy" James B. Angell.. It was
not some politician, in or out of of-
fice, who previewed the coming day
when nation shouldn't rise against na-
tion any more but Prexy Angell, with
his baccalaureate sermon in June,
1894 made world peace a living thing:
"For God hath made of one blood
all nations of 'men to dwell on earth
and hath appointed the bounds of
their habitation that they cannot
Ex-Sports Editor Recalls
'Touchdown Twins' Of
1938 Gridiron Squad
Take a memo to Fritz Crisler -
How about you and the boys at
GHQ cooking up a little super-dooper
special for Paul Kromer in these last
That one you arranged for Freddie
Trosko against Ohio last year was a
darb. When Freddie was hotfoot-
ing down that sideline from the fake
place kick formation you could hear
the hallelujahs from the stands. It
was Freddie's revival day.
Now take Kromer. Remember our
"rags to riches" team of 1938. It was
your first year, and we had been down
in the dumps since 1933 You had
some good sophomores, a husky, raw-
boned kid with tremendous advance
billing named Harmon, a rough indi-
vidual named Evashevski, a sticky-
fingered collar ad named Frutig, and
a capable looking chunk named Fritz.
There were others, among them
He had been around, this Kromer,
and he knew that he was no small
apple as a football player himself.
He was eminently correct. They teach
them cute tricks at Kiski, and he
knew them all. He was fast and elu-
sive, he could kick and pass, and he
scrapped. He was a cocky little item
- but good.
Well, we had a pretty smart look-
ing football team that year. This Eva-
shevski becomes a blocking quarter-
back and is blasting stray opposition
right out of the stadium. Harmon is
terrific, as billed, and he and "The
Gang" land all-conference berths.
Kromer is the tailback, the "whirling
dervish" as your press release put it,
and he leads the team in scoring and
lands a berth on the second team
of the all-Conference.
People used to compare these. two,
Harmon and Kromer. Someone, I
think it was Earl Gilman, labeled
them the Touchdown Twins. When
they have the temerity to compare
a gent with Harmon, he isn't bad.
Last year, the Touchdown Twins
became a one-man show, a Gallagher
without a Sheen, a Stoopnagle with-
out a Budd, a Burns without an Al-
len. Kromer started poorly, got hurt,
and Harmon became an all-American.
There are o lot of longer stories about
it, but they aren't pertinent to this
The Star Fades
Anyway, the Y .ome/ who led the
team in rushing attempts, in scoring
and in kicking in 1938 was just a
name in 1939. He played in four
games and his knee crippled, his
hustle and confidence and spirit gone
to hell, he was'non-entity.
You stated yourself that it was too
risky to permit him to play next sea-
Yet in 1940 he was back of his own
volition, fortified with doctor's per-
mits and taped like an Egyptian
mummy. His old leg action and drive
were shot, but he was a wise one out
there, a valuable number to have in
reserve. He moved over to Harmon's
old spot at right half and confined
his activities to blocking and innoc-
uous running attempts.
Of course, Kromer, with a little
luck, might have ridden along with
Harmon, the most publicitized ath-
lete in the country today, to national
prominence. Naturally, that's a dead
issue now. Kromer will be a football
memory in less than a year.
Yessir, Fritz, Harmon gets all the
"ink," as the print shops call it, but
once there was a gent good enough
to be mentioned in the same breath.
Next Saturday, he and that trick
knee and the funny temperment will
be locked up in the big book.
They'll be laying for Harmon and
Westfall in those final eam.rnannd
This is a reproduction of page one of the first "U. of M. Daily," published Sept. 29, 1890 in the printing shop of Samuel W. Beakes on Main Street.
The reproduction was made from a photostatic copy of the Main Library's copy of that first Daily.
The Daily, in those days, was approximately 81/- by 11'/z inches in size, or about one-fourth the size of the present Daily. Advertisements didn't
disappear from the page for almost a decade, or until The Daily became a more mature and financially successful publication.
Floating, lingering, listening,
With the last sweet daylight
O'er the tranquil reedy river,
We hear the black caps' evening
Down the stream, the banks along.
--Harriette Harlan, '98
(This poem appeared in the 1898
Ralph Stone Recalls Happy Memories
inEditing Michigani Daily Of, 1890-91
Daily Of 1890-91 Published
By SmallReportorial Staff
By A. W. TRESSLER, '91
Copies of the old U. of M. Daily of
1890-91 are quite small and almost
juvenile compared with the present
Michigan Daily with its associated
press service. Fifty years ago the re-
portorial staff was small, not well or-
ganized and as a result the main bur-
den of getting out each issue fell upon
the executive board. Managing and
associate editors were over-burdened
with work and changes and promo-
tions were frequent. There were four
managing editors during the first
year. It was of course, necessary that
the editors make some pretense of
keeping up their class work. Two of
the events occurring during the short
term I was managing editor may be
worth relating at this time.
President Angell immediately af-
lature and the student body were as-
sembled in the then unhfeated Uni-
versity Hall. Owing to the very low
temperature in the hall, the legisla-
tors unanimously agreed that an ap-
propriation should be made for a
heating plant. At 4 p.m. after The
Daily had gone to press, President
Angell called by telephone to ask",
whether I had commented on the un-
heated University Hall episode. He
was grateful when he learned that
I had not abused his confidence.
Inception of Gymnasium
The young men at the University
during my student days there were
asking for a gymnasium but without
much hope of securing it from the
Legislature. When I reached The
Daily office on a Saturday morning
in February, 1891 without any worth
while copy prepared for the day's is-
sue, I was delighted to find in the
By RALPH STONE. '92L
How and why The Dally was con-
ceived, and how it started on its fifty
year career, has been well told in
this sovenir number by Justice Henry
M. Butzel, '92 law, one of the original
organizers. I joined the first board as
an athletic editor with issue number
15 of Volume I dated October 15, 1890,
apparently as the result of a commun-
ication to the Editors, printed the
preceding day "grouching" about a
spiritless alleged important meeting
of the Rugby Association with all the
officers absent, only 27 members pres-
ent, with the captain of the football'
team presiding and nothing done. My
communication suggested the forma-
tion of a class football league to cre-
ate rivalry, stimulate enthu'siasm and
build up an adequate squad. That
was done and brought out a sizeable
squad for varsity practice and ma-
What A Difference!
I recall quite distinctly the limited
space in Publisher Beakes' office,
mentioned by Judge Butzel, in thej
Opera House Block, southwest corn-
er of Main and Ann Streets, opposite
the Court House Square, the rough,
simple furniture, the dim lights. What
a striking contrast to the fine, modern
quarters now occupied by the Mich-
igan Daily! The paper then was a
single sheet folded once, making four
pages four columns across, 14 inches
long by 11 inches wide, as contrasted
with today's Daily of eight pages in
may be left at the end of the college
year beyond what is sufficient to pay
the expenses of publication "shall be
divided one-fourth to the business
managers, one-half to the managing
editors, and the rest among the other
editors, all on the basis of time spent.
I do not recall receiving anything but
hard knocks, headaches, and penalties
for class "cuts" during my three sem-
esters' service. I feel reasonably sure,
however, that while I was upon the
Board, 1890-91 and 1891-92, there
were no deficits.
Four M. E.'s in 1890
There were four Managing Edi-
tors, the first year, Volume I, 1890-91,
three, H. B. Shoemaker, W. . .riffin,
A. W. Tressler to April, '91, and
"Yours Truly" from then to January
'92. There were three Business Man-
agers during the first year, M. B.
Hammond, E. O. Holland and J. C.
Travis, the latter (later Justice of the
Supreme Court of Indiana) carrying
over with the longest service of any
editor or business manager, to June
The "U. of M. Daily" was conducted
upon the principle that student ac-
tivities were of major interest to its
readers, although ample space was
given to faculty announcements and
official University news and events.
The first extra was issued the eve-
ning of October 11, 1890, after a foot-
ball game, U. of M. 56, Albion 10.
Other extras followed all football
May, 1891 for lack of identification
of the murderer.
Daily's Valuable Projects
The "U. of M. Daily" by the person-
al activities and work of some of its
editors, and through its news and
editorial columns, either originated or
promoted many university and stu-
dent projects and movements. Among
these were the Waterman Gymnas-
ium, the gift mostly of Joshua W.
Waterman of Detroit, a Yale alumnus,
the seed being planted by publicity
through cooperation of The Daily
and the then Detroit Journal and car-
ried on by student committees. One
of its editors drew the constitution
for the new General Athletic Associa-
tion, a consolidation of the separate
football (Rugby), baseball, track and
tennis associations, a program strong-
ly supported by The Daily. The Daily
originated and issued the call for the
first meeting of the Western College
Press Association and its managing
editor was made its President and re-
elected the succeeding year. Its man-
aging editor was Michigan's student
representative at a meeting called
April, 1892, at Chicago, to organize
the Intercollegiate Athletic Associa-
tion of the Northwestern (Michigan,
Northwestern, Wisconsin and Minne-
sota, the "Big Four" of those days)
the forerunner, although not exactly
the lineal ancestor of the "Big Ten."
Two Daily editors and a quiz master
in the law school were the organizers
of "The Michigan Law Journal,"
Reveries .. .
By ARTHUR H. ORTMEYER, '06
What Grads are there with memories
That galvanize one's reveries
As those who at the century's turn
Sought out Ann Arbor there to learn
How best equip themselves for life
As combantants in any strife,
With Prexy Angell, of kind mein,
Pink-whiskered Dick, beloved Lit dean
Presided o'er a teaching corps
Beyond compare in all outdoors,
McLaughlin, Cross, Van Tyne and
Searched 'way back for the why and
While Wenley of the massive brow
Dared coldly to dissect the "now,"
Lloyd urged us to philosophize
And Rebec to aestheticize.
Whene'er a thesis won an "A"
Did that mark a red letter day!
Economy was "Taylor"-ized,
While Cooley "sociologized."
In pedagogy Whitney shone
At rearing a foundation stone.
'Twas Trueblood, master of the voice,
In speech's art made us rejoice.
Keen-witted Scott, with forename
Into the writing craft us led.
While Hildner, Diekhoff, Winkler
To mine the gems that Goethe
To Effinger and Thieme are due
Our eagerness to "parlez-vous."
Then did the Choral Union sway
To tempos set by Albert A.
O'er at the gym, Fitz was the host
While Ferry Field re-echoed Yost.
The law had Hutchins - but doggone
I near forgot "Piggie" Vaughan.
When was there e'er such an array
Of giants as of that happy day?